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This edition is limited 
to Four Hundred Copies, 
of which this Copy is 



No.- 



/ 

i 

BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 



OF 



Saint Andrews Society 



OF THE 



STATE OF NEW YORK 



Vol. I 
1756 — 1806 



In Two Parts -'^ 



BY 



WILLIAM M. MacBEAN, LL. D. 
'I 



NEW YORK 

Printed for the Society 
1922 



r r p ti jT 



Copyright 1922 

by 

William M. MacBean 



OCT 25 "Iti 






T\' 



FOREWORD 

Since first in corporate unity combined, 
Pledged to a purpose noble and humane, 
The poor and ailing never failed to find 
That their appeals to you were not in vain. 

The Scottish exile, friendless and alone, 
Shared of your bounty and grasped hope again, 
The orphan's cry and the sad widow's moan 
Were changed to mirth and pleasure followed pain. 

The above lines recently addressed to us by the late Neil Macdonald 
of the Scottish-American fittingly express the aims and objects of this old 
Society founded by Scotsmen in 1756 under the name of the Saint Andrew's 
Society at New York, in the Province of New York, for the purpose of 
caring for and relieving their distressed fellow countrymen. These Scots 
were the successors of or had become merged with an older body, called 
the Scots Society, founded in 1744 for a similar purpose. It was patterned 
after the Scots Society of London and the Scots Charitable Society of Boston, 
as stated in the preamble to its "Rules and Orders," a fac-simile of which 
appears in the Appendix to this volume. It is known to have functioned up 
to the year 1753, and under its auspices Saint Andrew's Day of that year 
was celebrated in notable fashion. Judging by its officers its membership 
was of a high class and probably few in numbers, and this may account 
for the eflfort to put new life into the movement in 1756, as that year brought 
larger responsibilities and greater opportunities. When the Black Watch 
landed that summer at the foot of Wall Street and marched along Pearl 
Street to the Battery on its way to Albany, our Scottish gentry and mer- 
chants realized that the Colony would soon have a large influx of their 
countrymen with the assembling army and that they ought to be fittingly 
entertained and invited to cooperate. 

As may be seen in the following pages there appear the names of many 
officers who rose to high rank in the service of their country. The resident 
members however were the mainstay of the Society, and upon them devolved 
the duty not only of carrying on its charitable work but of extending hos- 
pitality to visiting fellow countrymen and promoting social intercourse 
amongst themselves. For very many years its Anniversary was always 
faithfully reported in the press and any notables who happened to be in 



the city on Saint Andrew's Day were sure to be present at the dinner. The 
celebration of the Day in the Colony was the chief event of the year, until it was 
later superseded by the Fourth of July. 

During the course of the Revolution the Society held no meetings, or 
at least no notices appeared in the newspapers, and there are no records 
extant of any kind from 1775 to 1784. Our minute books were all destroyed 
in the great fire of 1835, and the list of members published in 1823 gives no 
names elected during the years in question. 

After the Revolution the few remaining members came together under 
their President of 1774 and, in addition to the adoption of a change in the 
name and a new constitution, inaugurated a democratic policy in filling up 
the ranks of the society. The city was combed for Scots, with the result 
that for a year or two the membership increased rapidly, only however to 
see many of them in a short time fall by the wayside until the society again 
assumed a character somewhat akin to that it had maintained in Colonial 
days. Many came to these shores after the war, expecting to find a fruit- 
ful field for their energy and ambition and engaged in business ventures 
which were not always successful. Owing to the difficulties of forming a 
stable government and the long struggle over the divergent views of the 
Federalists and the Republicans at home, and the controversies with France 
and Great Britain over foreign commerce, neutral rights, etc., trade lan- 
guished, ships and cargoes were seized, and loss and distress followed in 
the wake of the Berlin and Milan Decrees and the Orders in Council on the 
one side, and the Embargo and the Non-Importation Act on the other. The 
closing years of the eighteenth century and the opening ones of the nine- 
teenth brought trying times to the American merchant, and our members 
did not escape. The bankruptcy court was kept busy, the debtors' prison 
was always full and the newspapers contained many an appeal for those 
unfortunates. Charity was active, for no one knew whose turn it might 
next be, and the lot of these men was truly pitiable. 

Twelve years have elapsed since the writer undertook the work of identi- 
fying our early membership. At that time there was litttle realization of 
the labour which a work of this kind would entail, nor the time that it 
would take to do it approximate justice. In 1911 the Society published a 
brochure on the early Colonial period, giving tentative identifications and 
short sketches of the more prominent members in the hope that an interest 
in the work might be created and fostered. The writer was responsible for 
that crude and hurried attempt, into which, it is needless to say, crept more 
than one error, but was encouraged by the kindly reception given by his 
fellow members. The discovery however of four heretofore unknown early 
pamphlets in the New York Historical Society necessitated renewed research 
work and over the same ground, as the pamphlets contained names which 
did not appear in any of our published lists of members. 

Interest in the work kept increasing as it progressed and as the remark- 
able character and standing of the membership slowly developed. In many 



of the historical events of the period their names appear. We find them 
fighting on the Fields of Dettingen and Fontenoy; with the Scots Brigade 
in Holland, and with the Scots Guards in France; participating in the Wars 
in the Low Countries and on the Plains of Germany ; following Prince Charlie 
to Culloden and other battle-fields of the "Forty-five"; supporting Kil- 
marnock on the scaflFold on Tower Hill ; witnessing the murder of the 
"Red Fox" and the judicial murder that followed; accompanying Braddock 
in his unfortunate expedition and sharing with Bouquet the success at 
Bushy Run ; enduring defeat with Abercromby at Ticonderoga and capitulat- 
ing with Monroe at the massacre of Fort William Henry; struggling against 
Pontiac and his Indians at Detroit and dying with Wolfe on the Plains of 
Abraham ; cruising with the gallant privateersmen in European and West 
Indian waters and capturing the merchantmen of France, Spain and Holland; 
conquering India for "John Company" and campaigning with Wellington in 
the Peninsula ; and finally in all the stirring events of the American Revolu- 
tion, as Patriots and Loyalists, Statesmen and Soldiers, active on both sides 
of that eventful and far-reaching family quarrel. Each successive find was 
an added stimulus to keep steadfastly at work until a measurable degree of 
success should be attained, while all the time feeling a growing and expand- 
ing pride in a Society so many of whose members were "Makers of History" 
and "Builders of Empire." 

We are now enabled to issue this, the second volume of biographies, 
the first, published in 1906, being Morrison's Memorial History containing 
biographies of the Presidents during one hundred and fifty years of our 
existence as a society. The present volume embraces the membership during 
the first fifty years, 1756-1806, and is divided into two parts. Colonial Times 
and Post-Revolution Period, and contains the names of 745 members. In 
addition to the names appearing for the first time, corrections, where neces- 
sary, have been made. Although believing that the list is not complete yet 
it is as nearly so as it is now possible to compile it, unless other now unknown 
pamphlets should some day come to light and reveal more missing names. 

Thanks are due to the descendants of many of our members for the 
courtesy and assistance they have cheerfully given. More particularly how- 
ever are we indebted to Sir Duncan Campbell, Baronet, of Barcaldine, the 
well-known authority on everything relating to the Campbells, for his assist- 
ance in the identification of the members of that Clan ; to A. M. MacKintosh, 
Esq., Nairn, the Historian of Oan Chattan, for his help in tracing members 
of that Confederation of Clans ; to Mr. Robert Hendre Kelby, former Libra- 
rian, his successor, Mr. Alexander Wall, and the Staff of the New York Historical 
Society for their unfailing courtesy, and intelligent assistance in the work 
of research ; to Mr. John Stevenson MacNab for his generous help in copy- 
ing articles and sketches. To many of our present members the thanks 
of the writer are due for their kindly interest in the progress of the 
work during all these many years and for the encouragement this 
interest engendered. 



The writer claims only to have told faithfully the story of each mem- 
ber as it has been revealed after patient and painstaking research. A 
number of the sketches are of the most perfunctory kind and if valuable 
can only be so to their descendants. Yet these very dryasdust sketches 
may lead to further information. The volume is therefore placed before 
my fellow members of Saint Andrew's Society in the hope that they will 
give it their kindly consideration, bearing in mind that to the writer the 
work has been a labour of love. 



Part I 
COLONIAL TIMES 

1756—1783 



Saint Andrews Society 



AT 



New York 



IN THE 



Province of New York 



2 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

who married Frederick Jay; (10) Helena, who married Major Thomas Mon- 
criefif, of the British Army; (11) Charlotte Amelia, born 13th April, 1759, 
who marfied Dr. Richard Bayley. There is no known portrait of Mr. 
Barclay in existence. — Morrison's History; the Press. 



2 REV. HENRY BARCLAY, D.D. 

Dr. Barclay, born at Albany, N. Y., in 1714, was a son of the Rev. 
Thomas Barclay and Anna Drauyer his wife and brother of Andrew, the 
subject of the preceding sketch. After receiving his early education in Albany 
Mr. Barclay went to Yale and graduated therefrom in 1734. On the recom- 
mendation of the Rev. Mr. Miln of St. Peter's Church, Albany, he was 
appointed catechlst to the Mohawk Indians at Fort Hunter in 1736. He 
went to England in the winter of 1737-8 for the purpose of receiving Holy 
Orders and was ordained January 30th, 1738. He was then sent by the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel as missionary to Albany and Fort 
Hunter, arriving in his native city in the following April. He continued his 
labours there and among the Mohawks until October, 1746, when he was 
inducted Rector of Trinity Church, New York. He received the degree of 
D.D. from Oxford in 1760. At the time of his death he was engaged in 
superintending the printing of a Translation of the Book of Common Prayer 
into the Mohawk dialect. He died August 29th, 1764, in the 53rd year of 
his age. The widow and children remained in New York and being loyal 
during the Revolution their property was seized. In 1783 three of her chil- 
dren went to Nova Scotia, while she and the youngest child remained to 
make an effort to save something from the wreck of their fortune. In 
September we find Mrs. Barclay petitioning Sir Guy Carleton for an allow- 
ance to tide her over the winter, to such straits was an American lady 
reduced through the animosity of her own countrymen. — Col. Doc.; Carle- 
ton Papers. 



3 COLONEL SIR FRANCIS JAMES BUCHANAN 

Sir Francis was descended from the Rev. Charles Buchanan, a Scottish 
clergyman who settled in England. The Rev. Charles had a son Charles who 
lived in London, and died at Camberwell. This Charles was twice married 
and had by his first wife, a native of Scotland, two sons, Francis James, the 
subject of this sketch, and Thomas who settled in Maryland about 1760. Sir 
Francis entered the army and as a Lieutenant accompanied Braddock in his 
expedition and was wounded in the campaign. In 1756 he became Captain- 
Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. In 1757, according to the Post Boy. he 
was in command at Sandy Hook. On January, 1759, he was gazetted Cap- 
tain and in 1762 took part in the expedition against Havana. In 1772 he was 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 3 

appointed Major in the Army. In 1776 he received the appointment of Lieu- 
tenant Governor of Kinsale and Charles Fort in Ireland, and for his services 
received the honour of knighthood. In 1777 he became Lieutenant-Colonel in 
the army. Shortly after he again came out to America and took part in the 
Revolution. While here, probably during the earlier period, he married a 
Miss Farquhar who, in all likelihood, was a daughter of our member, Dr. 
William Farquhar. By her he had a son who died in his father's lifetime, 
and a daughter Eliza who married Major Thomas Reed of Dublin, father of 
General Sir Thomas Reed, K. C. B., of Ampfield House, Hants. In 1779 Sir 
Francis was invalided home and placed in command, as Major, of a battalion 
of invalids returning to England. He became Colonel in the army in 1782, 
and died at Bath February 15, 1787. — Ford; Kcmhle Papers; The Buchanan 
Book; British Army List. 

{Appeared on our Roll as G. J. Buchanan.) 



4 COLONEL DONALD CAMPBELL 

Manager 1764-1765 

Donald Campbell, son of Lachlan and Martha Campbell in Kintra, Islay, 
Argyleshire, and of "Campbell Hall," Ulster County, New York, was born 
at Lorine, Islay, July 23, 1730. His grandparents were Donald and Ann 
(Graham) Campbell. Lachlan died at "Campbell Hall," October 22, 1750, 
and Donald was apprenticed to a merchant in New York, probably Edward 
Graham (member 1756), who was one of Lachlan's executors, and probably 
his uncle or cousin. Donald made several voyages as supercargo to the 
West Indies. The landing of the 42nd Highlanders and the assembling of 
the army to carry on the war with France must have stirred Donald's martial 
ardour for on December 6th, 1756, he was appointed Ensign in the 62nd, Royal 
American, Regiment, later known as the 60th. There is no evidence that he 
ever served as an Ensign of or Volunteer with the 42nd or Black Watch. 
The Donald Campbell who was Ensign in the 42nd was a son of Campbell, 
Bailie of Muckairn, and was drowned on his passage from Halifax to New 
York, according to the Bighousc Papers. Campbell was at the siege and cap- 
ture of Louisburg in 1758, the battle of the Heights of Abraham, including 
the capture of Quebec in September, 1759, the battles at Sillery (defence of 
Quebec) in April and May, 1760, the capture of Martinique in February, 
1762, the assault and capture of Morro Castle, Havana, in July, and the 
conquest of Havana, Cuba, in August of that year. While at the siege of 
Quebec he was promoted to a lieutenantcy August 20, 1759. At the Peace 
in 1763 his battalion was disbanded and he was placed on half-pay. He then 
went to London where he presented a Memorial to the Crown setting forth 
his father's ill treatment in the Colony and his own services in the war and 
eventually received a large grant of land. His second visit to London is 



4 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 17S6 

dwelt on at length in Jones' History of Nezs.' York and his conduct, while not 
creditable, is somewhat amusing. He claimed kinship to the Duke of Argyle, 
the Earl of Loudoun and other leading Campbell families, cutting a great 
figure and getting into the best society, but finding that his half-pay was not 
sufficient to support the style in which he was living, he borrowed freely 
from his friends. On one occasion, while dining with General Murray, who 
was at one time Governor of Quebec, and Col. Skinner, an American of some 
standing, a bailiff called him out and served upon him a writ for a consider- 
able sum. Nothing abashed, he returns to his company, tells them the story 
and Murray and Skinner became his bail. Finding that he had come to the 
end of his rope he absconded to America. Soon, however, powers of attorney 
were sent out by Murray and Skinner and he was forced to mortgage all the 
real estate he possessed. Before leaving England he again made claims to 
the government for the ill usage his father had received, the services he had 
rendered and his own services, and succeeded in getting out of them an- 
other grant of land of twenty thousand acres for himself and twenty thou- 
sand acres to be divided between his mother, his sisters and his brother 
George. When the news of the skirmish at Lexington reached New York, 
Donald, then a half-pay officer of the British Army, at once became a rabid 
patriot. He and Isaac Sears, with a motley crowd, paraded the town with 
drums beating and colours flying and invited the citizens to take up arms. 
In the picturesque language of Judge Jones, Donald, "like many others hav- 
ing little or nothing to lose, and much perhaps to gain, entered heartily into 
the American cause, bellowed out for liberty, abused Great Britain, headed 
mobs, damned the King, talked sedition, roared treason, cursed the Tories 
and insulted them in all companies." For his activities he expected reward 
and was much chagrined at not receiving an appointment in the Continental 
army. He went to Philadelphia, presented a Memorial to Congress and was 
appointed Deputy-Quarter-Master General. He served with the rank of 
Colonel under General Schuyler in the expedition from Ticonderoga in June, 
1775, and retired from there in July, 1776, worn out by the exposure and 
fatigue of a trying campaign. He was present at the investment and siege of 
Quebec December, 1775, to May, 1776, including the assault on December 31, 

1775, when Montgomery was killed and Arnold wounded. Campbell then 
assumed command and seeing no chance of success ordered a retreat to the 
Heights of Abraham which he eflfected without any further loss. He main- 
tained the blockade until April, again resumed the siege and defended the 
fortifications on the Heights of Abraham where he lost his guns and left 
behind in his retreat his stores, sick and wounded. He then made an attack 
on the Post at Trois Rivieres, and failing retreated to Crown Point in June, 

1776. His want of success oflfended Congress and charges of cowardice were 
brought against him on which he was courtmartialed at Crown Point and 
dismissed from service. On appealing to Congress he was acquitted and his 
pay and rank were continued, but he was never afterward employed. He 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY S 

retired to the country, where he Hved indigent, neglected and forlorn. In 
Trumbull's painting, "The Death of Montgomery," Campbell is one of the 
two officers standing in rear of death scene. In 1793 Thomas Jones {tms this 
the Judge?) began foreclosure proceedings to sell Campbell's lands in Ulster 
County. In 1798 Campbell was located at 80 Broadway. His death took 
place at Washington in the month of March, 1803, and the New York news- 
papers made no comment while the Washington newspapers of that date 
make no mention of his death, thus mutely testifying to the obscurity into 
which he had sank. His brothers, James and George, remained loyal, George 
eventually rising to high rank in the British service. — Sir Duncan Campbell; 
Col. Doc; Jones' Hist, of N. ¥.; el al. 



5 MALCOLM CAMPBELL 

Treasurer, 1756-61 

Malcolm Campbell became a resident of New York prior to 1744, and 
may have been the schoolmaster who became a Freeman of the City on 
April 29, 1746. It is probable also that he may have come over with the 
immigrants brought out by Lachlan Campbell between 1737 and 1740. Be 
that as it may, our member was located in 1756 next door but one to the 
Merchants' Coffee House, and opposite the Meal Market, where he did a 
general business, but became known in later years as a wine merchant. In 
1762 he owned the ships Lyon Richard. 14 guns, and the James, 16 guns, show- 
ing that he was engaged in the lucrative business of privateering. In 1764 
he was one of the trustees empowered to give title to the lands granted to 
the Lachlan Campbell immigrants, and this lends strength to the assump- 
tion that he may have been one of them. In 1776 his store was situated on 
"Crommelin's Wharf back of Judge Livingston's" and his advertisement 
stated that he purposed to go out of business. He probably moved to Pough- 
keepsie or in that neighbourhood. He married Elizabeth Marschalk, widow 
of Nathaniel Hinson, July 5, 1744, and by her had several children, the names 
of John, Catharine and Lydia appearing in the records of the Presbyterian 
Church. In 1784 a deed by Elizabeth, relict of Malcolm, shows that Malcolm 
had passed away prior to that date, but no record of his death has 
been noted. 



6 LIEUTENANT STAIR CAMPBELL CARRE 

Lieut. Carre was born in the year 1730, and was the third son of John 
Carre of Cavers-Carre, advocate, and Elizabeth, his second wife, daughter 
and heiress of Alexander Monteith of TofLshaugh, Linlithgow, Cadet of the 
family of Auldcathy. Stair was probably born in Edinburgh, as his father 
did not succeed to the estate until he. Stair, was ten years of age, or about 
the year 17-10. When the French war broke out he received an appointment 



6 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

in 1756 as Ensign in the 62nd, Royal American, regiment, was raised to the 
rank of Lieutenant in the same regiment, now the 60th, in 1757, and again, 
after being on half-pay for a short period, received in 1764 the same rank of 
Lieutenant and in the same regiment. He accompanied the 60th through- 
out the entire campaign from Ticonderoga to the Peace in 1763 and shared 
in the laurels won by that gallant regiment. In 1764 he petitioned the gov- 
ernment for 2,000 acres of land in Whitehall, Washington County, New York, 
but there is no evidence that these lands were allotted him. In 1765 he was 
on the Half-pay List. In August of 1767 he was drowned while on his 
passage home to Scotland. Lieut. Carre never married. The old family of 
Carre of Cavers-Carre, in Roxburghshire, is now extinct in the male line 
and is represented at present (through the female line) by Captain Ralph G. 
Riddell-Carre of Cavers-Carre. — Genealogist, Vol. j; Army List; Mrs. Kathleen 
L. Riddcll-Carrc; Land Papers, Albany. 



7 ALEXANDER COLDEN 

Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1759-64; President 1764-66 

Alexander Colden, son of Dr. Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant Governor 
of the Province of New York, and Alice Christy of Coldenham, Ulster County. 
New York, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., August 13, 1716, died in Brooklyn, 
New York, December 12, 1774, and was buried in Trinity Church-yard. As 
early as the year 1727 Governor Colden was in residence at Coldenham and 
Alexander at an early age kept a general country store there, and was ap- 
pointed Ranger of Ulster County in 1737. As his business increased he 
removed to Newburgh in 1743, where he greatly extended his mercantile 
enterprises. He was appointed Joint Surveyor-General of the Province with 
his father in 1751 and succeeded him in that office in 1761. In that year he 
removed to New York. For some years he was Post Master of New York 
and a vestryman of Trinity Church. Owing to his loyalty to government 
his home was the resort of the best element of the society of the day and he 
gathered around him the highest military and civil officials of the Province. 
He was a man of liberal education and of much wealth. His country resi- 
dence in 1773 was at Brookland, King's County. One of his brothers-in-law, 
Peter Middleton, also became President of this Society. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Richard Nicolls of New York City. She died at Spring 
Hill, near Flushing, Long Island, March 4. 1774, aged 49 years. — Morrison's 
Hist.: ct al. 



8 LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR CADWALLADER COLDEN, M.D. 

Lieutenant-Governor Colden was born on February 17th, 1688, in Ireland, 
where his mother then happened to be temporarily on a visit, and died in 
Long Island 28th September, 1776. His father, Rev. Alexander Colden, 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 7 

Minister of Dunse, Berwickshire, prepared him for the University of Edin- 
burgh, whence he graduated in 1705. He then spent three years studying 
medicine and mathematics, and in 1708 came to America and practiced suc- 
cessfully as a physician in Philadelphia till 1715. He then visited London 
and met Halley the astronomer who was so pleased with a paper on "Animal 
Secretions," written by Colden some years before, that he read it before the 
Royal Society. Colden also became acquainted at this time with other noted 
literary and scientific men. He returned to Philadelphia in 1716 but at the 
request of his friend Governor Hunter settled in New York in 1718 and in 
1719 became the first surveyor-general of the Colony and master in chancery. 
Governor Burnet gave him a seat in the provincial council in 1720. About 
1755 he retired with his family to a tract of land, for which he received 
a patent, about nine miles from Newburgh on the Hudson. Here in the 
midst of a wilderness, exposed to attacks from hostile Indians, he gave his 
attention to farming and to scientific pursuits without neglecting the duties 
of the surveyor-general's office. Colden was an ardent royalist and advocate 
of the taxation of the Colonies by the home government. He administered 
the affairs of the Province as president of the Council in 1760 and in 1761 
Lord Halifax, in return for his "zeal for the rights of the crown," appointed 
him Lieutenant-Governor. He held this office till his death and was repeatedly 
placed at the head of affairs by the absence or death of the various governors. 
He was acting governor when the paper intended for distribution under the 
Stamp Act arrived in New York and it was put under his care in Fort George 
which stood on Battery Point. On the evening of November 1st, 1765, 
"a torch-light procession," says Bancroft, "carrying a scaffold and two 
images, one of the governor, the other of the devil, came from the Fields, 
now the City Hall Park, down Broadway, to within eight or ten feet of the 
Fort, knocked at its gate, broke open the governor's coach house, took out 
his chariot, carried the images upon it through the town and returned to 
burn them, with his own carriages and sleighs, before his eyes on the Bowl- 
ing Green." He would have fired upon the people but was menaced with 
being hanged on a sign post if he did so. The next day he yielded and con- 
sented to give the stamps into the custody of the New York Common Council. 
They were taken to the City Hall and the municipal govermiient then restored 
order. Colden's claim for indemnification was rejected by the Assembly in 
1766. On the return of Governor Tryon in 1775 he retired to his house on 
Long Island. He took special interest in botany and was the first to intro- 
duce the Linnocan system into America. He furnished to Linn?eus an account 
of between 300 and 400 American plants, about 200 of which were described 
in the "Acta Upsaliensa." The celebrated Swedish botanist afterward gave 
the name Coldenia to a plant of the tetandrous class in honour of his cor- 
respondent. Dr. Colden corresponded from 1710 till his death with the most 
prominent scientific men of his time. One of the most constant was Ben- 
jamin Franklin. The two philosophers regularly communicated their dis- 



g BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

coveries to each other and in a letter to Franklin, dated October, 1743, 
Colden first mentions his invention of the art of stereotyping afterwards prac- 
tically carried out by Herben in Paris in the beginning of last century. 
Indeed it may be stated that Colden was Franklin's mentor and that the 
latter was indebted to Colden for some of the scientific theories now associ- 
ated with the name of Franklin. Dr. Colden took an active part in found- 
ing the American Philosophical Society. He published a History of the Five 
Indian nations, depending upon Nctu York, calling attention to the relation 
of Indian affairs to commerce. He wrote many medical treatises and left 
several manuscripts now in possession of the New York Historical Society, 
which are being published by that Society. 

[Name appears in printed list of 1770 only.] 



9 THOMAS DOUGHTY 

Manager 1759-1760 

In 1750 Doughty had a store in King Street. On December 28, 1755, the 
firm of Aspinwall and Doughty, in the woolen business, terminated and 
Doughty, the junior member, continued in business in Queen Street, dealing 
in a miscellaneous line of goods. In 1759 he moved to Dock Street betwixt 
the Slip and Coenties Market, and the character of his business had changed 
to fine groceries, wines, etc. His advertisement of the removal illustrates 
the fact that at that time street numbers had not been adopted in his locality. 
It states that he had "removed from Queen Street to the House where Mrs. 
Mary Maurice lately lived, between Alderman Cuyler's and Mr. Philip De 
Visme in Dock Street, right opposite to House where Mr. Archie, Silver Smith 
lived." After that elaborate description his customers could have no excuse 
for failure to find him. In 1775 he purposed moving to the country and every- 
thing was oflfered for sale, even his furniture. He probably moved within 
the American lines. The next reference to Doughty appears among the 
papers of Sir Guy Carleton, preserved in the Public Record Office, London. 
Vol. 44, No. 57, of that series. The document, which probably discloses an 
interesting story, is a Coroner's inquest on the body of Thomas Doughty 
under date of June 7, 1783. The newspapers contain no account of his death. 



10 JAMES DRUMMOND, M. D. 

Dr. Drummond was surgeon of the 4th Battalion of the 60th or Royal 
American regiment. When not called upon to serve in the field he made his 
home in Beaver Street this city ministering to the sick and suflfering. In 
1770 his name appeared in the list of resident members of the Saint Andrew's 
Society of Philadelphia. At the close of the war one of this name, not 
styled surgeon however, went from Georgetown, Maine, as a refugee Loyalist, 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 9 

and settled in St. John, N. B., receiving Lot 1418, now on the south side of 
Sheffield Street in Parrtown, close to where the barracks were situated. When 
the St. Andrew's Society of St. John was organized in 1798 Dr. Drummond 
was not a member. His name does not appear in the probate records of that 
City. — F. IV. Fraser, Secretary St. Andreit/s Society, St. John {1915); Jack's 
Hist. St. John; N. Y. Mercury. 



11 JOHN DUNCAN 

John Duncan was a native of Scotland and was probably born at Ber- 
wick-on-Tweed in 1722, his son Richard (member 1774) testifying that 
Berwick was his birthplace. Mr. Duncan came to America in 1755 with his 
wife Martha March and his son Richard and settled in Schenectady. He 
brought with him considerable capital and opened an extensive mercantile 
establishment. Soon after locating he formed a partnership with James Phyn 
of London (also a member) and they became extensive wholesale and retail 
merchants and forwarders, extending their business far and wide over the 
lakes, and after 1759, dealing largely and directly with Montreal. Duncan 
took care of the business in Schenectady while Phyn, his partner, attended 
to the business abroad and at Montreal. They both became exceedingly 
rich, for that day, and retired from business. Duncan built a country seat 
called "The Hermitage." He was first Recorder of Schenectady, and in 
1763 Justice of the Peace; in 1773 Sixth Judge of Albany County, and in 
1774 he attended the Congress of the Six Nations, which met after the death 
of Col. Johnson. During the Revolution he remained loyal to the Crown. 
He died at the Hermitage May 5, 1791, aged 69 years, much esteemed for 
generous hospitality and unostentatious benevolence. In the List of Mem- 
bers of Saint Andrew's Society which appears in the first City Directory of 
1786 he is styled Capt. John Duncan. Prior to the Revolution he had been 
Captain of the Grenadier Company of the 2nd Battalion of the Albany 
Militia. — Early History of Schenectady; Loyalist Papers; etc. 



12 JAMES DUTHIE 

On September 11, 1758, James Duthie and Jane Bancker were granted 
a marriage license. In the New York Post Boy of May 25, 1761, appeared 
the following advertisement, which is somewhat of a curiosity. "To be 
sold, at Duthie's London Peruke Ware-House at White-Hall all Sorts of 
Perukes ready made, of the newest fashions, at the lowest prices that can 
be afforded by any one of the Business, that does Justice to his Customers, 
and warranted to be as good Work, and made of as good hairs as any in 
America. Also Ladies' Teats, Bandos for the Hair, and Bags of the newest 
Fashion. Roaseats and Ramellees, hard and soft Pomatum, false Ques, and 
many other articles necessary in that way. By their Humble Servant James 



10 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

Duthie." In 1762 he moved from the "large White House fronting the 
Great Dock, near the White-Hall," no doubt the Ware-House above men- 
tioned, and started a new business on Golden Hill, "at the Sign of the Golden 
Pot." Here he dealt in wines, spirits and groceries. On April 16, 1767, he 
made an assignment for the benefit of his creditors, one of his assignees 
being William Malcom, and disappeared thereafter from New York. One 
of this name died at Charleston, South Carolina, in November 1769. Could 
our member have been the James Duthie "servant to John Rigg, Barbour 
in Aberdeen," who in August 1746, on the occasion of riots in that city, gave 
testimony before Bailie William Mowatt? 



13 WILLIAM FARQUHAR, M.D. 

Manager 1756-1757; Vice-President 1757-1758. 

Dr. Farquhar was a son of James Farquhar of Gilmilnscroft, Ayrshire, 
and Jean, daughter of William Porterfield of Duchal and of that Ilk. He 
probably came to America as an army surgeon. He practiced his profession 
first in New Jersey and later in New York City. He owned considerable 
tracts of land in both States. In the year 1759 he married his second wife, 
Jane, daughter of Cadwallader Colden, President of His Majesty's Council, 
and according to the New York Mercury she was "a young Lady remarkable 
for good Sense and every Qualification necessary to make the Marriage 
State agreable," but death called her on March 10th of the following year. 
Dr. Farquhar resided at that time in Smith Street, foot of Pot Bakers Hill. 
His property was probably confiscated during the Revolution for we find in 
the Loyalists' Papers, Vol. V, p. 86, in the New York Public Library, that 
his son Captain William Farquhar of the 20th Regiment, appeared before 
the Commissioners of Claims in the year 1783 and made a plea for com- 
pensation and stated that his father was then nearly eighty years of age. 
Dr. Farquhar died May 2, 1787. The Genealogical and Biographical Record 
of January 1875, quoting the Nczv York Journal of May 10, 1787, states that 
he was "a very worthy good Scotsman, distinguished for his knowledge and 
abilities," and the contemporary Daily Advertiser states that "the doctor was 
a gentleman of amiable manners, much esteemed for his probity, and 
through life, both in the walks of a citizen and in the line of his profession, 
merited the confidence and approbation of all who knew him." 



14 CAPTAIN-LIEUTENANT CHARLES FORBES 

First Lieutenant Forbes was the youngest son of John of Inverarnan 
and Glenconry, Commissioner of Supply for Aberdeenshire, who had been 
"out in the '15," taken prisoner and died of his wounds in Carlisle prison. 
This officer received an appointment in 1756 as Lieutenant in the 60th Regi- 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 11 

ment and was promoted to be Captain-Lieutenant in 1757. He was killed 
at Ticonderoga July 8, 1758. He had married Isabel, daughter of Donaldson 
of Kinardie, and had an only son and heir James of Kingerloch in Argyle- 
shire and of Hutton Hall, Essex. This family of Forbes of Kingerloch is 
descended from the youngest son of Sir John Forbes, Vth Laird of Drum- 
miner, brother of the 1st Lord Forbes. — Ford; Burke's Landed Gentry; 
Scottish Nation. 



15 AENEAS GRAHAM 

Aeneas Graham was a native of Scotland. In 1753 he advertised as 
"Aeneas," but afterwards assumed the name of Ennis. In 1748 his resi- 
dence and place of business was in Smith Street where he sold European 
goods ; in 1755 he advertised as "Taylor, in Broad Street, near the Exchange 
opposite the Post Boy office"; in 1761 he was haberdasher as well as tailor; 
in 1762 he moved to corner of Wall Street "facing the Meal Market, near 
Cofifee House" where he remained for many years ; and in 1773 he was still 
in Wall Street "facing Mr. Rivington's New Printing Office." He retired to 
Middlesex county, N. J. Graham was twice married and had several chil- 
dren by each of his wives. He died in Middlesex, New Jersey, in 1777, and 
one of his Executors was Walter Buchanan. One of his grandsons. Dr. 
Charles M. Graham of 11th Street, who died in 1852, was a well known 
physician in his day. 

[Appears on Roll as Ennis Graham.^ 



16 EDWARD GRAHAM 

The name of Edward Graham appeared on the Roll of Freemen of the 
City in 1742. He was one of the Lachlan Campbell immigrants who came 
over about 1737 and was probably Lachlan's uncle or cousin, most likely the 
latter. Lachlan's mother was Ann Graham. In 1750 Graham kept a store in 
Smith Street where he dealt in European goods. In 1751 he was appointed 
constable for the Dock Ward and in 1753 was elected assessor for the South 
Ward. In 1756 his house was "next the corner near the Exchange," and he 
owned a farm of 250 acres near Goshen, Ulster County, on which there were 
grist, saw and fulling mills. John Austin Stevens in the Nezv York Herald of 
March 18, 1S94, states that in 1755 Edward Graham, merchant, advertised to 
sell at vendue the corner house on Dock Street at the upper end of the Long 
Bridge, also the house he lived in adjoining the above. The Long Bridge crossed 
the old Broad Street Canal above the Exchange from what was named Bridge 
Street. Some time between that date and 1759 it became the residence of Colonel 
Robinson. This was Col. Joseph Robinson, who was one of the trustees of 
Trinity Church and who was buried in that old churchyard in March, 1759. After 
liis death it was again advertised for sale and was called "the Corner House near 



12 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 17S6 

the Long Bridge." It then became the famous Fraunces Tavern, having been 
purchased by Samuel Fraunces on January 15, 1762, who turned the property 
into an inn and hung out the sign of the Queen's Head. In 1757 Graham became 
bankrupt, was confined in the debtors' prison, made an assignment of all his 
property to James Sackett and died shortly after in the same year. He was one 
of the executors of Lachlan Campbell of "Campbell Hall," father of Donald, our 
member. — Minutes of Common Council; the Press. 



17 CAPTAIN WILLIAM HAY 

Captain Hay was an officer in the Royal Navy, but nothing has been learned 
regarding his career other than that he was on the West Indian station in 1765 
as captain of the sloop of war Wolfe and that his name was on the Navy list in 
1783 but not in 1801. 



18 WALTER HUNTER 

The only references to this member which have come under our notice are 
in the wills in the Surrogate's office. His name appears as witness to several 
wills and it is therefore likely that he was a lawyer or a lawyer's clerk. 



19 COLONEL JOHN INNES 

Colonel Innes was an officer in the Royal Artillery, who received his appoint- 
ments as Captain in 1757 and Major in the army in 1772. He served all through 
the French and Indian War. During the Revolution he was in command of the 
Artillery in Rhode Island and successfully defended it, receiving wann endorse- 
ment for his "meritorious behaviour" from Governor Pattison. He became 
Lieutenant Colonel in 1777. His health failing in 1779, Colonel Innes was granted 
a leave of absence by Pattison, was offered and accepted a Majority in the 
Garrison Artillery at home and took passage on the Houghton Ordnance Trans- 
port for England. In 1782 he was raised to the rank of Colonel of the 5th Bat- 
talion of Artillery. He died in Woolwich Warren, May 30, 1783.— Af. Y. Hist. 
Soc, Pub. Vol. VHI. 

[Appeared on Records as Joseph Innes, but the pamphlet of 1770 has it 

Captain John.] 



20 DAVID JOHNSTON 

Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1772-74; President 1774-85. 

David Johnston was President of the Society just prior to and also subse- 
quent to the Revolution, showing that although the Society had had no meetings 
in the interim Johnston was recognized as President when the Society met in 



17S6 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 13 

17S4. He was a grandson of Dr. John Johnstone of Edinburgh, who was born 
there in 1661, became a druggist "at the sign of the Unicorn" there, emigrated 
to New York in 1685, subsequently became Mayor of New York and ultimately 
removed to Perth Amboy, where lie practiced medicine until his death in Sep- 
tember, 1732. David's father, John (b. 1691 ; d. 1731). married Elizabeth Jamie- 
son, and David was their third child, being born at Perth Amboy on January 2, 
1724. His elder brother, John, became a Colonel of Provincial troops and was 
killed at Fort Niagara July 1759, but he was not in the British army, as stated 
by Mr. Morrison. Entering busmess at an early age David became a wine 
merchant, trading with Holland direct in his own ship, and pursued this vocation 
until he inherited, on the death of his mother, his share in the Nine Partners Tract. 
This land became very valuable and Mr. Johnston then retired from a mercantile 
career and devoted his time and attention to the care of his extensive landed 
interests. On May 27 , 1753, he married Magdalen Walton, daughter of Jacob 
Walton and Mary Beekman, and had a family of four sons and seven daughters. 
His name first appears on a poll list for the election to the Provincial Assembly 
in February, 1761, and he was registered a F'reeman of the City of New York 
on August 21, 1770, as "David Johnston, Gentleman." He was one of a Com- 
mittee of Correspondence chosen May 19, 1774, and subsequently chosen one of 
a Committee of Observation elected by a poll held at the City Hall by order of 
the Committee of Correspondence. He was also one of the Committee of One 
Hundred in New York in May, 1775. He had a fine city mansion on the east side 
of Bowling Green, which was burned in 1776 or 1777. He also owned a farm 
at Greenwich (village) and a country residence at Perth Amboy, N. J., which 
was burned by the Hessians. After the war he withdrew to a large estate at 
Nine Partners, Dutchess County, N. Y., which he made his permanent residence. 
He died there, January 12, 1809. — From Morrison's History; History of Dutch- 
ess Co.; ct al. 



21 THE HON. ARCHIBALD KENNEDY 

Archibald Kennedy was the son of Alexander Kennedy of Craigocb and 
Kilhcnzie, J. P., of Ayrshire, and his second wife, Anna, daughter of William 
Crawford of Auchenames. Alexander was a lineal descendant of Thomas, 
second son of Gilbert, third Earl of Cassilis. Archibald must have been born 
about 1687. He came out to New York in 1714 with letters of introduction from 
the Earl of Stair and others to Governor Burnet and soon got employment. He 
became Collector of the Port and eventually Receiver-General of the Province 
of New York, and in 1725 he was recommended by Burnet to a seat in His 
Majesty's Council, which honour he received in 1727. He was a man of advanced 
views and a clear thinker. He advocated parliamentary taxation and publicly 
urged upon the Ministry that "liberty and encouragement are the basis of 
colonies." To supply ourselves with manufactures, he insisted, "is practicable; 
and where people in such circumstances are numerous and free, they will push 
what they think is for their interest, and all restraining laws will be thought 



14 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

oppression, especially such laws as, according to the conceptions we have of 
English liberty, they have no hand in controverting or making. They cannot be 
kept dependent by keeping them poor." He published Importance of the Northern 
Colonies (New York, 1749) and Present State of Affairs in the Northern Col- 
onics (1754). He married as his second wife, in 1736, Maria, widow of Arent 
Schuyler and had several sons and daughters. He died in New York on June 
14, \763.—Appleton; Col. Doc; Burke. 



22 JOHN LIVINGSTON 

John Livingston, son of Philip, second Lord of the Manor, was born 
in the year 1714. His education was completed at Yale, from which he graduated 
with the degree of M. A. in 1733. In 1754 he engaged in the hardware and coal 
business in Broad Street, moving in 1756 to another location near the Whitehall 
Slip, having also a storehouse in Duke Street. In 1761 he formed a partnership 
as John & Alexander Livingston and carried on a dry goods business in their 
store on Rotten Row, near the Old Slip, removing in the same year to the south 
side of Queen Street. During the Revolution he probably retired to the Manor, 
as no reference to his being in New York during that time has been found. He 
died suddenly at his home in Broad Street on July 21, 1786, "distinguished for 
his philanthropy, probity and many other virtues." — The Press. 



23 PHILIP LIVINGSTON 

First President of the Society 1756-57. Signer of the Declaration 

of Independence. 

Philip Livingston was the fourth son of the second Lord of the Manor of 
Livingston, New York, and was born at Albany, January 15, 1716, and graduated 
from Yale College in 1737. In the French War he was extensively engaged in 
privateering and made a large fortune in the general importing business, having 
his store on the new dock, Burnet's Quay, near the ferry stairs at the foot of 
Wall Street. He lived on Brooklyn Heights, or Brookland, as then styled. Near 
his home were his distilleries. The following advertisement, which appeared in 
the New York Mercury, January 5, 1756, will give a general idea of the business 
in which he was engaged: "To be sold by P. L., black pepper, double refined and 
single refined loaf sugar, bohea tea, molasses. New York rum, best double dis- 
tilled Jamaica rum, Dutch comeyne cheese, duck, iron pots and kettles, corn fans, 
and the very best muscovado sugar, cheap for ready cash." In 1754 he was made 
Alderman of the East Ward of New York City (then containing only 10,881" 
inhabitants) and was actually elected to this office, one of importance and dignity, 
for nine years. In December, 1758, he became a member of the Assembly of tlie 
Province and took a distinguished part in the proceedings of the following year, 
notably in the voting of troops and supplies for the invasion of Canada. He also 



1756 ^ SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY IS 

laboured to promote the agricultural and commercial interests of the Colony 
and in 1764 uttered a firm but respectful protest against taxation by Great Britain. 
In 1768 he was chosen Speaker of the new Assembly, called upon the dissolution 
of the one preceding, and this being in turn dissolved he was returned to that of 
1770 (declining an election for New York City), from the Manor of Livingston, 
but was unseated. In 1774 he was a delegate to the first Continental Congress, 
serving on the Committee which prepared an address to the people of Great 
Britain and was also a member of the Association in his State, to execute the 
plan of commercial interdiction. In 1775 he was returned to Congress and also 
appointed president of the Congress of New York and on July 4, 1776, voted for 
and signed the Declaration of Independence. The same month he was made 
a member of the Board of Treasury and in 1777 was placed upon the Committee 
on Marine and also elected to the New York legislature with additional power 
to frame the Constitution of the Stale. Under this constitution he was elected 
senator for the southern district of New York and also returned to Congress, 
which, in the most gloomy and trying time of the Revolution, had adjourned to 
New York from Philadelphia. His presence in that body was requested by 
the State Government although the condition of his health was such as to render 
sucli attendance the last act of patriotism. About the same time he sold a por- 
tion of his estate to sustain the public credit. In 1754 he was one of those who 
set on foot subscriptions for the public library of New York City ; he was also 
one of the first governors of its hospital ; assisted in founding the Chamber of 
Commerce, and in establishing Kings, now Columbia, College. John Adams 
thus described Livingston as "A great rough rapid mortal. There is no holding 
any conversation with him. He blusters away, etc." By his wife Christina, 
daughter of Col. Uirck Ten Broeck, he had five sons and three daughters. On 
June 12, 1778, he expired at New York and his interment took place the next 
evening. The funeral was attended by Congress in a body and mourning was 
worn for him one month. — Nat. Cy. Am. Biog. Vol. j, p. ^o6; et al. 



24 GOVERNOR WILLIAM LIVINGSTON 

Governor Livingston, son of Philip, second Lord of the Manor, was bom at 
Albany, N. Y., November 30, 1723, and died at Elizabethtown, N. J., July 25, 
1790. He graduated from Yale in 1741 and began the study of law in the 
office of James Alexander, completing his course under William Smith. He 
was admitted to the bar October 1748, and soon became one of the leaders of 
his profession and served three years in the legislature. In 1752 he started a 
paper called the Independent Reflector. In 1772 he removed to "Liberty Hall," 
at Elizabethtown, which had an eventful history during the Revolutionary war, 
more than one attempt to burn it being made, and the stairs still show the cuts 
made by the Hessians when baffled in their attempts to capture the owner. He 
served for a short time in Congress. In June, 1776, he assumed the duties of 



16 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

Brigadier-General and Commander-in-Chief of the New Jersey MiHtia and in 
August of the same year was elected first Governor of the State of New Jersey. 
During the occupancy of that State by the British troops he filled his office with 
great efficiency, as is shown by Washington's writings. While in New York 
he lived at 52 Wall Street and there practiced law. He and John Morin Scott 
were known as the Presbyterian lawyers. He was known as "The Itinerant Dey 
of New Jersey," "The Knight of the most Honourable Order of Starvation," 
"Chief of the Independents" and "The Don Quixote of the Jerseys." On ac- 
count of his being very tall and thin a female wit dubbed him "The Whipping 
Post."— A pplcton; et al. 



25 JAMES LOUTTIT 

James Louttit's name appeared in the pamphlet of 1770 in the Honorary or 
Non-resident list of members. In 1727 one Capt. Ichabod Louttit is mentioned 
in the Book of Indentures of Apprentices of New York. In 1750 one William 
Louttit, who lived "in the swamp," advertised as a "Teacher of Navigation." 
Both of these may have been related to James. There was however a James 
Louttit who entered Glasgow University in 1737, and described as a son of James 
a citizen of Glasgow, whom the University has been unable to trace. Our mem- 
ber probably was a merchant trader but his name in that connection has not 
been noted. He may have left the sea before 1748 the year which marks the 
beginning of our researches in the newspap>ers. Be these conjectures as they 
may, James Louttit in 1764 was a resident of Fredericktown, Cecil County, 
Maryland. Shortly before February, 1770, he died and his widow Mary in set- 
tling up the estate gives us an insight into the surroundings of the early pioneer 
merchant of Colonial times. Louttit at one time had settled at Turner's Creek, 
Kent County, Maryland. The creek, navigable for vessels drawing less than 
ten feet, empties into the Sassafras River about half a mile below. There he 
kept store and raised his food on his seven acres of land. He built a two storied 
frame dwelling house with two rooms on each floor and a cellar, a sawed log 
kitchen and stable, with a garden paled in, a log dwelling house with cellar for 
a tradesman, a sawed log store house with a counting room, a wharf and a gran- 
ary with capacity to store 5,000 bushels of grain. The property at the time was 
leased to a firm engaged in business there and the advertisement praised tht; 
property as a fine business stand but gave no inkling of its nature. It was 
probably a general country store supplying a large back country with European 
goods of every description and taking in exchange, corn, wheat, tobacco, etc., 
which eventually found its way to Glasgow to be converted into cash. Louttit 
probably was identified with some Glasgow house either as partner or as agent, 
or may have come out with the army attached to the commissariat, and at the 
peace in 1763 remained in the country engaging in business. — Pa. Gocctte. 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 17 

26 CAPTAIN COLIN McALPINE 

Capt. McAIpine was a resident of Charleston, South CaroHna. In 1759 he 
was master of the brig Polly and traded between New York, South Carolina 
and Ireland. In July of that year on arriving at Charleston he reported that 
on his passage from Charleston to Jamaica he had been captured off Port Morant 
by two French privateers from Port-au-Prince, but that same evening recovered 
his vessel from the French by a "singular Act of Bravery." In 1771 he had 
a new vessel the ship St. George. Captain McAIpine died by his own hand at 
Charleston, January 1772, the Coroner's jury bringing in a verdict of lunacy. 



27 JOHN McKESSON 

John McKesson was a son of Alexander who had emigrated from Ireland 
in 1731 and settled for a time at Fag's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
where John was born February 20, 1734. The family originally came from 
Argyleshire. John graduated from Princeton in 1756, receiving from Kings 
College in 1758 the honorary degree of A. M. Thereafter he practiced law in 
this city. He seems to have been associated with John Morin Scott, as both are 
frequently witnesses to the same wills. On June 17, 1768, he is entered on 
the Roll of Freemen as "Gentleman and Attomey-at-Law." John McKesson 
was one of the most active Americans in the State of New York during the 
Revolutionary war. His relations with the leaders were close and intimate. 
He was appointed Secretary of the Provincial Convention which met in New 
York on the 20th of April, 1775, for the purpose of choosing delegates to repre- 
sent the Colony in the Continental Congress, and subsequently acted as Secre- 
tary to the Council of Safety. On July 31st. 1776, he was appointed by the 
Provincial Convention Register in Chancery, which position he held for a num- 
ber of years. He acted as one of the Secretaries to the State Convention which 
was called to ratify the Federal Constitution. He was the first Clerk of the 
Assembly of New York which convened September 1, 1777, and held the position 
continuously until 1794. In 1786 he was Clerk of the Supreme Court, Nisi 
Prius, Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery with an office at 49 
Maiden Lane. He died of yellow fever September 18, 1798, unmarried. — 
Clinton Papers; Appkton. 

[Name appears on Roll as McGuson.] 



28 GENERAL ALLAN McLEAN 

General Allan McLean, third son of Donald of Tarbert, Vth McLean of 
Torloisk, Island of Mull, was born there in 1725, his mother being Mary, daugh- 
ter of Campbell of Sunderland. Allan began his military career in the service 



18 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

of Holland with the Scots Brigade. At the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747 
a portion of his brigade cut its way with great loss through the French. In 
1756 Allan became Lieutenant in the 62nd Regiment and in 1758 was severely 
wounded at Ticonderoga. He became Captain of an Independent Company in 
1759, and was present at the surrender of Niagara, where he was again danger- 
ously wounded. Returning to Great Britain he raised the 114th foot or Royal 
Highland Volunteers, of which he was appointed Major-Commandant in 1761. 
The regiment being reduced in 1763 Major McLean went on half-pay. He 
became Lieutenant-colonel in 1772, and early in 1775 devised a colonization 
scheme which brought him to America, landing in New York in that year. At 
the outbreak of the Revolution he identified himself with the royalist side and 
was arrested in New York, but was released on denying he was taking a part 
in the dispute. He then went to the Mohawk and on to Canada, where he 
began to organize a corps which became the nucleus of the Royal Highland 
Emigrants. Of this regiment Major Allan was appointed Lieutenant-colonel 
of the first battalion which he had raised. Quebec might have fallen into the 
hands of General Arnold had not Colonel McLean suddenly precipitated him- 
self with a part of his corps into the bcleagured city. In 1776 Colonel McLean 
was appointed Adjutant-general of the army, which he held until 1777, when 
he became Brigadier-general, and placed in command at Montreal, and in Novem- 
ber was ordered to Quebec. He left Quebec for England in July 1776, in order 
to obtain rank and establishment for his regiment, which had been repeatedly 
promised. He returned to Canada and in 1778 again went to England and 
made a personal appeal to the King in behalf of his regiment, which proved 
successful. August 1779, saw him again in Quebec. He became Colonel in 
the army in 1780 and in the winter of 1782 had command from the ports of 
Oswegatchie to Michilimackinac. Soon after the peace of 1783, General McLean 
retired from the service. He married Janet, daughter of Donald McLean, of 
the house of Brolas, and sister of General Sir Fitzroy McLean of McLean. He 
died in London, March 1797, without issue. — MacLcan's HigMandcrs in Am.; 
Hist. & Gen. Act. Clan MacLean. 



29 JOHN McQueen 

Very meagre references to this member have been found. In 1750 he was 
a "Staymaker" near the Meal Market ; in 1765 near the Mayor's in Smith Street 
at the "Sign of the White Stays"; in 1773 he was located in Queen Street. On 
May 4th, 1757, he was admitted a Freeman of the City. He died in 1784 and 
his will was proved September 22nd, of that year ; his widow Mary was appointed 
Administratrix as his son John, who had been named as Executor, was "beyond 
the seas." This son John, member 1787, was a native of Kilbarchan, Renfrew- 
shire, therefore it is fair to assume that the father came from the same "airt." 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 19 

30 PETER MIDDLETON, M.D. 

Manager 1757-62; 1763-64; 1773-75; Vice-President 1764-66; 
President 1767-70. 

Peter Middleton was a native of Edinburgh and it is believed graduated 
in medicine in that city. The Columbia Catalogue, however, gives St. Andrew's 
as his Alma Mater. He settled in New York about 1730 and soon was regarded 
as one of the few medical men of this country who at that early period were 
distinguished for profound learning and great professional talent. In 1750, in 
concert with Dr. John P)ard, he made the first dissection of a human body in 
America before a number of students. In the matter of education for his own 
profession Dr. Middleton seems to have always taken a deep interest. During 
the French war he was Surgeon-General of the Provincial forces in the expe- 
dition to Crown Point, General Gage testifying to this fact, and we also find 
in the Colonial Documents that in 1770 he was granted, as a "reduced Surgeon- 
General," 5,000 acres of land as a reward for his services. In 1762 he removed 
from New York to Philadelphia where he did not remain long. In that year 
he became a non-resident member of the Philadelphia Saint Andrew's Society 
and his domicile is given as Jamaica in the West Indies. On November 25, 
1766, a marriage license was issued to him and Susannah Burgess in New York. 
In 1767 he established a medical school in New York and became its first pro- 
fessor of Physiology and Pathology and afterwards became instructor in Materia 
Medica. At the opening of the school he delivered an address on Historical 
Enquiries into the ancient and present state of medicine, which in more extended 
form was published in 1769. This school was subsequently merged into King's 
College, of which institution he was one of the Governors from 1770 to 1781. 
At this time Sir John Johnson became Provincial Grand Master of the Free 
Masons and remained so up to and during the Revolution. He was merely a 
figure head however, his deputy Dr. Middleton performing the actual duties 
of the office and striving as best he could to maintain the Provincial Grand 
Lodge. He represented the old Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) and it 
was not until after the battle of Long Island and the occupation of New York 
by the British that the Ancient Grand Lodge made much headway in this juris- 
diction. In 1774 he was chosen physician to the New York Hospital. He was 
physician to Governor Tryon and the best families of the City and, as he was 
known to be a Tory and a man of means, he, like many others, was forced to 
leave the city and went for a time to Bermuda, returning to New York when 
the British occupied the city. He remained there till he died January 9th, 1781. 
His obituary in the New York Mercury is highly eulogistic and undoubtedly well 
deserved. He must have been about seventy-five years of age at his death. 
Morrison's Hist.; Col. Doc; Albany Land Papers; Dr. Peter Ross; Tliatche/s 
Am. Med. Biog. 



20 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

31 CAPTAIN THOMAS MILLER 

Captain Miller was born in New Jersey. He was one of the most noted 
captains in the London trade and in 1753 was in command of the brig Maria. 
In 1756 he advertised the sale of European and Indian goods at the house of 
Daniel Wright near the Meal Market. He married October 13, 1756, Martha 
(Patty), daughter of Thomas Willet. He is next found in King Street; 
in 1760 he advertised a cargo of African slaves for sale; in 1769 he was at sea 
again in the ship Britannia for London, and the following year, in the month 
of May, "six weeks from the Downs," he "brought over the statues of His 
Majesty and Mr. Pitt," which had been ordered by the Assembly of the Colony 
in gratitude for the repeal of the Stamp Act. At this time Captain Miller was 
described as intelligent, steady, active and amiable, while his ship Britannia; 
according to the Mercury, "excelled in all Respects any Ship heretofore built 
on this Continent." In 1769 he was elected a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce and in 1773 a member of the iMarine Society. In 1775 he was obliged 
to retire from New York because he had refused to sign the Association against 
Great Britain. To avoid ill usage he went to Kings County near the water side, 
in view of the British ships, and used his influence in keeping the ships well 
supplied. He communicated to Gov. Tryon, who was then on board the Dutchess 
of Gordon, material intelligence of what was happening in New York. After 
General Howe arrived Miller was proscribed and obliged to conceal himself in 
the most unfrequented parts of Queens County, hiding by day in swamps and 
at night repairing to Loyalist houses. He joined Howe's army when it landed 
on Long Island and acted as a guide to the two brigades under General Grant. 
While he was in hiding his house was used as a barrack by New England men 
and wrecked. His home in New Brunswick was confiscated. In 1776 he was 
one of the Addressors of Lord Howe. In 1777 he went over to England but 
returned the same year. He was then employed by Howe in settling the dif- 
ferences between the Loyalist refugees who were placed on the estates of those 
who had taken the American side and the families of the .'\mericans who were 
left behind. In September 1780 he sailed for England with his family in the 
fleet which took over Governor Tryon. He addressed a Memorial to the Com- 
missioners in London appointed to investigate the losses of the Loyalists. — 
Loyalist MSS. in New York Public Library and the Press. 



32 JOHN MILLIGAN, M.D. 

Dr. Milligan on February 19th, 1748, became a Freeman of the City, styled 
"Doctor of Physick," and was a druggist at Beaver .Street. In 1756 he adver- 
tised "drugs and medicines in general, both Chymical and Galenical, neat as 
imported," besides "Turlington's Balsam of Life," on which he seems to have 
set great store. In 1759 he "Declines business," but later in the year advertised 
"Wholesale business only." In 1761 he was located ".^.t the Woman's Shoe 
Store in Beaver Street," and added in the advertisement "Practitioner in Surgery 



17S6 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 21 

and Physick." His business was somewhat general in its character, his drug 
store being Httle different from the modern one. Evil days must have come 
to him for we find that he and his wife Ann gave a mortgage on their house 
in Beaver Street, and it was advertised for sale at foreclosure in August 1788. 



33 DONALD MORISON 

Secretary 1757-58; Manager 1760-61. 

In 1750 Donald Morison was doing business "near the Fly-Market," dealing 
in naval stores and ship-chandlery of all kinds; in 1758 his store was on the 
"Wharf between the Ferry Stairs and Burlings Slip" ; in 1761 he advertised that 
he was going to the country and had taken in David Milligan as a partner 
under the firm name of Morison & Milligan; in 1762 he had retired altogether, 
Milligan carrying on the business under his own name. Morison belonged to 
the Masonic fraternity, and in 1760 was Secretary of Temple Lodge. In 1763 
he was located in Fordham probably on a farm. On October 12th, 1797, John 
MacGrcgor who was Acting Manager that month, paid to one Donald Morison, 
on the recommendation of Donald Fraser, £4 to enable Morison to get to his 
family in Canada. Whether or not this was our member must remain unsolved. 



34 RICHARD MORRIS 

Secretary 1756-57; 1758-61. 

Richard Morris was born in New York, August 15, 1730, and was the third 
son of Lewis and Katrintje (Staats) Morris and grandson of Lewis Morris, 
Chief Justice of New Jersey and New York. He graduated from Yale in 1748 
and took up the study of law. He was admitted to the Bar and soon became 
known for his legal learning. At the formation of the Society in 1756 he 
became its first Secretary. In June 1759 he married Sarah Ludlow. In 1762 
he was made a judge of the Vice-admiralty court, resigning later to take up the 
cause of the people against the Crown. In 1776 he was appointed judge of 
the High Court of Admiralty of New York but declined the office. Two years 
afterwards he was elected to the State Senate, and in 1779 became Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of New York, an office he held for one year. He was 
a member of the State Convention which ratified the Federal Constitution in 
1788, and in 1790 he retired to his estate at Scarsdale, Westchester County, New 
York, where he passed the remainder of his days. He died in 1810. — National 
Cyclopedia of Biography. 



35 JAMES MURRAY, M.D. 

Manager 1756-61 

In 1755 Dr. Murray "from London" was located at "The Sign of the Bell, 
near tlie Merchants Coffee House, opposite the Meal Market," where he did 
business as a "Druggist and Wholesale Apothecary." On January 7th of that 



22 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

year he became a Freeman of the city. In March 1756 he advertised for old 
linen for the King's Hospital. On July 16th of the same year he and Lillias 
or Lilly Campbell, daughter of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and "Campbell Hall," 
Ulster County, New York, were granted a marriage license. They had eight 
children, all of whom died young. In 1763 he removed to the upper corner of 
the Fly Market. He died September 23, 1767, and was succeeded by William 
Steuart. His widow married Walter Buchanan on July 20th, 1769. In 1770 
the house and lot on the corner of the Fly Market, and the house and lot adjoin- 
ing, of which the doctor was the owner, were offered for sale by the sheriff, 
while in 1791 Mrs. Buchanan, who was administratrix of the estate, applied 
to the courts for permission to sell the real estate on the grounds that the personal 
property was insufficient to pay the doctor's debts. 



36 LIEUTENANT FRANCIS PRINGLE 

Lieutenant Pringle was gazetted, December 3, 1755, Lieutenant in the 62nd, 
Royal American Regiment, but his connection with the regiment ceased in 1757. 
In 1756 he assigned to Mrs. Jean Pringle, his wife or mother, £10 of his pay 
quarterly. No other reference to this officer has been found. Sir Robert 
Pringle, 3rd of Stitchell, had a son Francis who, however, died unmarried, April 
1760, but Burke does not state that he had served in the army. — Ford ; Hist. 6oth 
Regt.; Burke. 



37 JOHN ROSS 

Manager 1762-63. 

John Ross, son of Murdoch Ross and Catherine Simson, was born in Tain, 
Rossshire, January 29, 1729. Early in life he removed to Perth and entered 
mercantile pursuits there. When he came to New York has not been ascer- 
tained. Prior to 1762 no references in the newspapers of that period have been 
noted. In that year he was engaged in business as a general merchant "opposite 
the Cross Keys near the Fly Market," and was elected a Manager of the Society 
serving only one year. The pamphlet of 1770, the earliest printed list of mem- 
bers extant, shows that he withdrew from the Society and had his name trans- 
ferred to the Honorar\' or Non-resident class of membership, date not given but 
probably in 1763. In that year he moved to Philadelphia engaging in business 
there and in course of time became an extensive ship owner and prosperous 
trader. In 1764 he joined the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia ; became 
its Secretary in 1766 and its Vice-President in 1774. On December 3, 1768, 
he married Clementina, daughter of Captain George Cruickshank of Clifton Hall, 
Philadelphia, a native of Aberdeen. At the beginning of the difficulties witli 
the mother country he espoused the cause of the colonies and was a signer of 
the non-importation agreement of the citizens of Philadelphia in 1765. He pre- 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 23 

sided at the meeting of the mechanics and tradesmen held on June 9, 1774, to 
consider a letter from the artificers of New York, and was a member of the 
committee to reply to same. On September 17, 1775, he was appointed muster- 
master of the Pennsylvania navy, which office he resigned February 25, 1776, 
on account of the importance of his own business affairs. In May, 1776, he 
was employed by the committee of commerce of Congress to purchase clothes, 
arms and powder for the use of the army. This necessitated the establishment 
of agencies in Nantes and Paris, and repeated visits to France during the war. 
In this duty he advanced or pledged his credit for £20,000 more than he was 
sup|)lied with by Congress, much to his embarrassment and subsequent loss. 
In 1783 his father-in-law, Capt. Cruickshank, returned to Scotland and Mr. 
Ross then purchased his property known as the Grange situate on the old Havei- 
ford Road, near to Philadelphia, and added thereto until it included 600 acres. 
In 1789 he built a fine house on the Southeast corner of Pine and Second Streets; 
which he furnished in a most sumptuous manner and there he entertained many 
of the distinguished persons of that day. He was on terms of familiar inter- 
course with Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Robert Morris and there are 
several entries in the diary of Washington, during the sitting of the convention 
to frame the United States constitution, of engagements to dine with Mr. Ross at 
his country place the Grange. Mr. Ross died suddenly in Philadelphia on April 
8, 1800, and it was then found that his business affairs were greatly embarrassed 
and his family actually impoverished. Mr. Ross was a member of the Pres- 
byterian church on Pine Street above Fourth Street. So far as known he left 
one son, Charles, and two daughters; Ann Helena Amelia, who married George 
Plumsted, the other marrying John F. Mifflin. — Applcton; Biog. Reg. St. And. 
So. Phila.; Pa. Mag.; the Press. 



38 MAJOR THE HON. JOHN RUTHERFURD 

John Rutherfurd was the .second son of Sir John Rutherfurd of Edgerston, 
Roxburgh.shire, and Elizabeth Cairncross, and was baptized June 12th, 1712. 
On the death of his elder brother he became heir to the estate. In early life 
he became an advocate, and in 1730 obtained a commission as Major in the 
Regiment of Fencibles commanded by the Duke of Buccleuch. In 1737 he 
married Eleanor, eldest daughter of Sir Gilbert Elliott of Minto. In 1738 Sir 
John, his father, made over to him Toftielands, Woodend and other properties. 
In a separate deed he disponed to his son the mill of Newton and multures of 
the same, Lessuden, Elliston, Camieston, Maxpoffle and Muirhouselaw. Before 
coming to New York Major Rutherfurd twice represented Roxburghshire in 
Parliament. On December 31, 1741, he obtained a commission as Captain in 
the Independent Regiment of Foot in the Province of New York. In March 
1743 he was at Albany attending a meeting of the Indian Commissioners and 
again in April and May of the same year. He was one of the Commissioners 
of Indian Affairs from 1742 to 1752. On January 14th, 1744, he was sworn 



24 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

in as a member of His Majesty's Council of New York, this appointment being 
made by the Lords of Trade across the water without the knowledge of Gov. 
ernor Clinton and much to the latter's chagrin. Clinton tried unsuccessfully to 
have the appointment revoked, writing to the Lords expressing surprise at Ruth- 
erfurd's appointment seeing that he had recommended another, and stating that 
Rutherfurd was a stranger and that his appointment "greatly alarmed the people 
of the better sort," and stating further that as Rutherfurd lived at Albany, as 
did his own protege, Rensselaer, there might be sedition if Rensselaer were not 
also appointed. During the following years Major Rutherfurd frequently at- 
tended meetings of the Council. In 1748 Governor Clinton appointed him to 
command a force sent to attack the French fort at Niagara and in despatches 
recommended him to the Duke of Newcastle. In 1754 he and Staats Long 
Morris were sent to England to lay before the ministry a plan of attack on 
Ticonderoga. In 1755 he served in Sir Peter Halkett"s brigade in Braddock"s 
expedition. He then returned to Scotland. On January 6, 1756, he was ap- 
pointed Major of the 3rd Battalion of the 60th or Royal American Regiment 
and came out in the ship General Waldon, landing in New York June 4th, 1756. 
In 1753 he had made a settlement or will appointing his son John his only 
executor. While with the army on its march under Abercromby to attack 
Ticonderoga he made a supplementary will or codicil to the first in the form of 
a letter dated "at the camp at the little falls above Saratoga," in which he said 
"I expect to march to-morrow to Fort Edward on our way to attack Ticon- 
deroga and Crown Point with a few regulars, mostly ill disciplined, and a con- 
fused multitude of provincials, troops more likely to confound us than to hurt 
our enemies." He was killed in the attack on Ticonderoga July 8th, 1758, and 
his brother Walter, in a letter to Lord Loudoun, says that the Major "commanded 
the battalion and was several yards advanced, standing on a log, encouraging 
them to march on and support the grenadiers, when he was shot through the 
heart and never uttered a groan." His son John succeeded to the baronetcy. — 
"Riitlicrfiirds of that Ilk" ; Colonial Documents; Tlie Press. 



39 MAJOR WALTER RUTHERFURD 

Manager 1761-66; 1st Vice-President 1785-87. 
President 1766-67; 1792-98. 

Walter Rutherfurd was the sixth son of Sir John Rutherfurd and Elizabeth 
Cairncross of Edgerston, Roxburghshire. He was born at Edgerston, December 
29, 1723, and died at New York, January 10, 1804. He entered the British 
army at the early age of fifteen and served on ships of war off the coasts of 
America, Portugal and Spain until the spring of 1746. From that time until 
1754 he served as Lieutenant of the Royal Scots and as paymaster in Flanders, 
France and Germany. At the out-break of the French and Indian War he was 
doing garrison duty in Ireland. He sailed for America in 1756 and after a 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIET\- 25 

few months in New York went to the front. During the war he held the position 
of paymaster of the 4th Battalion of the 60th, Royal Americans, and Judge Advo- 
cate of the army with the rank of Captain and subsequently became Major, 
lie was present at the surrender of Fort Niagara and received the terms of 
capitulation, and when Montreal surrendered the keys of the city were delivered 
to him. He was detailed for duty in New York in the autumn of 1758 and while 
there married Catherine Alexander, sister of William Alexander, known as Lord 
Stirling. After the peace he settled down in New York, engaged in the im- 
porting business and built a house on the corner of Vesey street and Broadway, 
where the Astor House long stood. At the Revolution he retired to his country 
[)lace in Hunterdon County, N. J., which he had named "Edgerston," after the 
ancestral home in Scotland, but changed the name at a later date to "Tran- 
quility," and quietly spent his life in farming. As his sympathies were well 
known he was summoned before the Council of Safety in October 1777 but re- 
fused to take the oath and Governor Livingston ordered his arrest. He was 
sent to Morristown but was not closely confined. He appealed to the Council 
of Safety, as neighbours and friends, asking for a trial and desiring to be in- 
formed of the crime with which he was charged. He got little satisfaction 
and was held as a hostage. In due time he was permitted to retire to his estate. 
While in New York he took an active interest in the afifairs of the city. In 
1771 he was one of the incorporators of the New York Hospital and acted as 
Governor from 1774 to 1778. He was also President of the Agricultural Society 
and a founder of the Society Library. — Morrison's History; Rutherfurds of that 
Ilk; ct al. 



40 BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN MORIN SCOTT 

President 1758-1759. 

John Morin Scott was fourth in descent from Sir John Scott, Baronet, of 
Ancruni, Roxburghshire. He was the only child of John Scott and Marian 
Morin and was born in New York City in 1739, and died there September 14, 
1784. He graduated from Yale in 1746, and then studied and practiced law 
in New York. He was an Alderman of the Out Ward of the city from 1757 
to 1762, and frequently became a candidate for the Assembly, but his extreme 
views militated against him. He was one of the earliest opponents of British 
rule, with voice and pen, became one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty, 
and his bold advocacy of extreme measures cost him an election to the Conti- 
nental Congress in 1774. He was one of the chief members of the New York 
General Committee in 1775 and a delegate to the Provincial Congress of that 
year. (Jn June 9th, 1776, he was appointed Brigadier-General of the New York 
State troops, was with his brigade at the battle of Long Island, was wounded at 
White Plains in 1776 and retired from military service March, 1777. On August 
1st, 1777, he became a member of the Council of Appointment to prepare a new 
form of Govermuent lor New York, and in the same vear was a member of 



26 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

the New York Council of Safety, a member of the State Senate from 1777 to 
1782 and a member of the Continental Congress from 1779 to 1783. He became 
Secretary of State of the State of New York and ably administered the many 
and vexatious problems of the newly created government from March 13, 1778, 
until the day of his death. He was one of the founders of the New York 
Society Library, a trustee of the Presbyterian Church in 1776 and was elected 
Honorary member of the Society of the Cincinnati July 6, 1784. John Adams 
in his diary says of him, "Mr. Scott is a lawyer of about fifty years of age; a 
sensible man, but not very polite. He is said to be one of the readiest speakers 
upon the continent." — Morrison's History; Applclon; etc. 



41 ADAM THOMSON, M.D. 

Vice-President 1756-57; President 1757-58. 

Dr. Thomson is said to have taken his degree as physician at Edinburgh and 
shortly afteiward to have come to America and settled at Upper Marlborough, 
Prince George's County, Maryland. He was well and widely known through- 
out the Colonies. About 1748 he removed to Philadelphia. He was the origi- 
nator of the so-called "American method'' of inoculation for smallpox, which 
became the accepted method of procedure throughout America and which was 
favourably received in England. He began to inoculate as early as 1738 and 
in 1750 published a tract upon the subject entitled, A Discourse upon the Prep- 
aration of the Body for Recovery of Smallpox delivered in the Public Hall of 
the Academy before the Trustees, November 2nd, 1750, by Adam Thomson, a 
physician in Philadclpltia. This tract was published by Benjamin Franklin in 
1750, reprinted in 1752 and again in 1757. It was favourably reviewed in the 
London Medical and Physician's Journal of 1752. He was one of the founders 
of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia in 1749 and in 1751 became its 
Vice-President. He must have removed to New York about 1755 for he became 
one of the founders of this Society and its first Vice-President. The following 
year, 1757, he was elected President. He probably was one of the moving spirits 
in the formation of the Society as our first Constitution was modeled after that 
of the Philadelphia Society. In 1765 he was in Annapolis, Maryland, where he 
met Lord Adam Gordon. He died in the City of New York September 18, 1767, 
and the Mercury states that he was "a Physician of distinguished Abilities in his 
Profession, well versed in polite Literature, and of unblemished Honour and 
Integrity as a Gentleman." — Morrison's History; et al. 



42 GEORGE TRAILE 

In the Post Boy of October 9th, 1758, Traile advertised as follows: Choice 
Scotch Snuff in Bladders or Bottles, Rappee of all sorts in Vogue now in 
Europe, fine pigstail, Hogstail, Carrot and Cut Tobacco of all kinds. Sold in 



1756 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 27 

Wholesale or Retail by George Traile; Maker, at his store at Mrs. Thomas's 
two doors from the Merchants Coffee House." By 1761 he had become an 
extensive manufacturer. In 1763 he had moved to Rotten Row and had added 
ship chandlery, wholesale and retail, to his snuff and tobacco business. In 1764 
he moved to "New Rochel," leaving William Malcom as his agent. In 1766 a 
negro belonging to him killed his housekeeper by a blow on the head with a 
small axe, and when found was tried before three Justices of the Peace and 
was condemned to be burnt and the sentence was duly carried out at New Ro- 
chelle. In 1767 he became insolvent and all his effects were sold "on the Bridge 
at the Merchants Coffee House." In 1769 he advertised his return to "the Snuff 
Mills in the Bowery Lane," and appealed to the patriotism of Americans to 
patronize the home-made article. In 1771 he again advertised and appealed to 
the pocket as well as to local pride. In 1772 his Snuff Mill was advertised for 
sale and described as "near the Bull's Head Tavern in the outward." Later in 
the year he was still in business and had added "all kinds of grain, ginger, etc., 
everything that can be manufactured in a grist mill," and said of his snuff and 
tobacco that they were "equal, barring prejudice, to any imported from Europe." 
In 1779 he erected a mill for "pulverizing everything and anything," but he did 
not live to benefit by it as his death took place later in the year. He was suc- 
ceeded by Peter MacLean who forsook his last to cater to the other extremity of 
his customers. Even he did not succeed, for in October, 1782, he advertised 
for sale "a curious pair of grinding stones belonging to the late George Traile.'" 



43 CAPTAIN JOHN TROUP, R.N. 

On retiring from the Royal navy Captain Troup first settled at Morristown, 
N. J., and afterwards entered into business in New York. In 1750 he was at 
Hanover Square in the hardware business. During the French War he was the 
agent of Robert Troup, his brother, who was a famous privateersman. He seems 
to have acted a great deal in a fiduciary capacity. He died at Jamaica, Long 
Island, February 21, 1775, aged 70 years, "a gentleman universally beloved and 
much lamented." 

Robert Troup was buried in Hanover, N. J., and the following epitaph ap- 
peared on his tombstone. "Here lies interred the body of Captain Robert Troup, 
who died, 28 December, 1768, aged 60 years. 

Though Boreas' blasts and Neptune's waves 

Have cast me to and fro ; 
Yet, in spite of all, by God's decree, 

I anchor here below. 

Where I do here at anchor ride 

With many of our fleet 
Yet. once again, I must set sail. 

My adm'ral, Christ, to meet. 



28 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1756 

44 CAPTAIN JOHN WADDELL 

Captain Waddell came from Dover, England, but was undoubtedly of Scot- 
tish origin. He was born October 21, 1714. On November 30tli, 1736, he mar- 
ried Ann Lirton. On October 14th, 1746, he became a Freeman of the City of 
New York under the designation of "Mariner." In 1748 he was Captain of 
the Oszvcgo, trading to London, while in September of that year he transferred 
his command to his new ship Dover which he built in the East River at the foot 
of Dover Street, the street taking its name from the ship, which in turn got its 
name from the town of Dover in England. His store was in King Street as 
early as 1748, where he dealt in European and Indian goods. In 1759 he moved 
to Dock Street, directly opposite Alderman Cuyler's home. In 1770 he was trad- 
ing in the West Indies in the Sloop i^ancy, going thence to Gibraltar. He was 
one of the first subscribers to the New York Society Library, as was his wife, the 
only female whose name appeared in the document of incorporation granted by 
George III. He was one of the original ii members of the Masonic Society 
of the City of New York. He died May 29th, 1762, and the Mercury stated that 
he was a "Gentleman of fair character, whose death was much lamented." His 
widow Ann carried on the business for a time. She was a lady of uncommon 
ability and force of character, conducting her husband's large shipping interests 
with great profit until her own death in 1773. There are portraits of Captain 
Waddell and his wife in the New York Historical Society. — Hist. N. Y. Society 
Library; the Press. 



45 CAPTAIN JOHN WALKER 

Captain Walker was an officer in Gorham's Rangers who had served through 
the French and Indian War and at the peace was placed on half-pay, receiving 
in addition a grant of 3,000 acres of land. On the breaking out of the Revolution 
he again volunteered for active service and in 1775 was gazetted, from Head- 
quarters, Boston, as follows: "Capt. Lieut. John Walker from Half-pay in Gor- 
ham's Rangers to be 1st Lieut. Royal Fencible American Regiment, Gorham's." 
Lender date of Halifax, April 28th, 1781, Captain Walker wrote to his command- 
ing officer, Lieut. Col. Gorham, that "in consideration of age, infirmity and ill 
state of health he resigns his commission as lieutenant in the Royal Fensible 
(sic) American Regiment of Foot," and asked his, Gorham's, indorsement. His 
name ai>peared on the Half-pay list up to and including 1795. — Keiiible Papers; 
Army List; Carlcton Papers. 



46 CAPTAIN JOHN WALKER 

Captain Walker was a native of Galloway coming to this country with his 
parents when a child. He adopted a seafaring life and commanded many ves- 
sels engaged in the European and West Indian trade. In 1774 he became a 
member of the Marine Society. In 1785 he contributed £3.4.0 towards Saint 



1756 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 29 

Andrew's Hall but when the money was returned in 1794 it was receipted for 
by Robert Hyslop. In 1793 his place of business was at 53 Great Dock Street, 
while his home seems to have been at 6 Green Street, now known as Liberty 
Street. He died July 30, 1798, aged 81 years, having "reared with great respec- 
tability a numerous family all of whom he followed to the grave." His prop- 
erty was left to his sister, the wife of Patrick Robb in Galloway, and two of his 
executors were Robert and James Lenox. 



47 THE HON. JOHN WATTS 

Vice-President 1770-71 ; President 1771-72. 

John Watts was the son of Robert Watts, of Rose Hill, near Edinburgh, 
and Mary, eldest daughter of William Nicoll, of Islip, Long Island. He was born 
in New York on the 5th of April, 1715, and died in Wales August 15, 1789, 
being buried in St. James's Church, Piccadilly, London. In July, 1742, he married 
Ann, youngest daughter of Stephen de Lancey. In 1747 he acquired the Rose 
Hill farm, containing over 130 acres, which lay on the East River between 21st 
and 30th streets and between 4th avenue and the water. He had a smaller farm 
adjoining on the west. His town house was No. 3 Broadway. He represented 
New York in the Assembly for many years and was appointed to the Governor's 
Council, December 19, 1757, during the administration of his brother-in-law 
Lieut.-Governor De Lancey. He continued a member of the Council until May 
4th, 1775. Identified with the social life of the city he became one of the original 
founders and trustees of the Society Library in 1754, and presented its first clock 
to the New York Exchange in 1760. He assisted in organizing the New York 
City Hospital and was elected its first President in 1760. At the outbreak of 
the Revolutionary war, his loyalty being well known, he became an object of sus- 
picion. Some of his letters were intercepted on their way to England and read 
at a Coffee H^ouse before a crowd of excited people, who became infuriated, and 
surged about his dwelling, threatening violence and destruction. Judge Robert 
R. Livingston, returning from court dressed in his scarlet robes, seeing the dan- 
ger of his friend, mounted the steps of the Watts mansion and waved his hand 
commanding silence. Being gifted with eloquence he held the crowd spellbound 
until Watts had been hidden in a building in the rear. Livingston was then 
escorted to his own dwelling amid the cheers of the rioters. Watts escaped that 
night on board a man-of-war and shortly left for England never to return to his 
native country. In October, 1778, he was attainted by the Legislature and his 
property confiscated, but in 1784 the most valuable part thereof was reconveyed 
to his sons Robert and John. — Morrison's Hist.; Applcton; ct al. 



48 THOiMAS WOOD, M.D. 

In 1750 Dr. Wood was an apothecary in New Brunswick, and advertised 
that his shop and drugs were for sale. As New Brunswick was a military station 



30 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

he was probably an ex-army surgeon. In 1752 he advertised for pupils to a 
course of lectures on Osteology and Myology, charging £6 for the course, and 
added that with proper encouragement he would give other courses, including 
dissecting. In 1756 he had no doubt moved into New York, but no further trace 
of him has been found. His name appeared in the Honorary List of Members 
in 1770. 



1757 



49 CAPTAIN JOHN ALEXANDER 

Manager 1763-66. 

In 1752 Capt. Alexander was master of the snow Albany in the London 
trade. In 1756 he was in command of the privateer brigantine Haivkc, of twelve 
guns, a warrant for commission and Letters of Marque being issued to him 
September 13, 1756. The firm of John Alexander & Co., composed of John 
Alexander, David Shaw and Captain John Grigg, carried on business at the corner 
of Smith and King Streets, "oi>i3osite Mr. Philip Philipse," where, among other 
things, they sold "Herrings, Barley, Delftware, Carpets, Tartans or Plaids," and 
frequently African slaves. Privateering, however, seems to have been their prin- 
cipal business. In 1760 they moved to a store opposite that of Donald Morison, 
"betwixt the Fly and Burling's Slip," and were shipping agents as well as mer- 
chants. In 1766 they made an assignment for the benefit of their creditors. This 
created an antagonism between the members of the firm and each used columns 
of space in the newspapers, the two captains siding with each other against Shaw, 
who seems to have been the only business man of the three, and oflfered to submit 
his case to any three business men of the City. Shaw hinted that Captain Alex- 
ander could command not only a ship but also an extensive and forcibly pic- 
turesque vocabulary, and that Captain Grigg's veracity was not beyond question 
and was unfeeling enough to present proof. Both Captains had to spend time in 
the debtors' prison and possibly this had something to do with the venting of 
their spleen. In 1777 Capt. Alexander became a member of the Marine Society. 
He kept to the sea and no evidence has been noted that he again engaged in busi- 
ness. On May 16, 1799, he made his will on board the ship Jean of Greenock, 
"now at New York." On June 30, 1800, the will was offered for probate showing 
that he had passed awa\- in the interval. 



50 CAPTAIN WILLIAM BROWN 

Captain Brown was a native of Scotland and in 1756 came to .America willi 
the Earl of Loudoun as a volunteer. He received an appointment as Lieutenant in 
the 60th, Royal Americans, and served throughout the entire campaign until the 
peace in 1763 when he was placed on half-pay. In 1767 he purchased a "Planta- 
tion" in the township of Mamaroneck, Westchester County, New York, paying 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 31 

for it i6I4 in New York currency. There he lived comfortably, maintaining his 
family on the produce of his farm, until the "unhappy troubles" broke out. In 
1768, realizing that trouble was brewing, he tried to dispose of his property, ad- 
vertising it for sale at the Merchant's Coffee House on April 12th, in three parcels, 
the dwelling and homestead and 40 acres near the Presbyterian Meeting House 
in Rye, a farm of 170 acres to the west and another of 60 acres to the north. 
But no one wanted to buy property then. Before the arrival of the British, his 
house being on the "great road" from New York to Boston, he was subjected 
to visitations from the American troops and was frequently compelled to quarter 
60 or 70 men over night and was otherwise much oppressed and harassed by 
them. When the British arrived in New York he procured passages to Long 
Island for several Loyalists so that they might join the King's troops. He, how- 
ever, remained on his farm notwithstanding the American oppression until relieved 
by General Howe. Even then he did not escape for the Hessians plundered him 
of silver plate, shirts, bed and table linen and wearing apparel. When 
Howe retreated he was obliged to flee in the night in a small boat with what little 
he could bring with him, arriving in New York, November 6th, 1776. His house 
became alternately a British and American guard house and consequently became 
dilapidated. It was ultimately confiscated by the State and rented out, but was 
eventually returned to his attorney in a ruinous condition. In 1779 while on half 
pay he was superintendent of Charities in New York, his special work being the 
care of soldiers' children, and kindly General Pattison wrote of him that he had 
"a great share of humanity." In 1781 he obtained a commission as Captain in 
the Royal Garrison Battalion of Foot and shortly after was again placed on half- 
pay. — Loyalist Papers in MSS. N. Y. Public Library; the Press. 



51 CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL 

Captain Campbell was the son of John Campbell of Glenlyon and Catharine 
Smith and was born in the year 1729. He was appointed Lieutenant in the 78th, 
Eraser's Highlanders, in 1757, Captain-Lieutenant in 1759 and Captain in 1760. 
At the peace in 1763 he retired on half- pay. He served with his regiment through- 
out the Erench and Indian war and was twice wounded. He was present at the 
siege and capture of Louisburg under Lord Amherst in July, 1758, and the 
attack on the Heights of Abraham, including the assault and capture of Quebec 
under Wolfe in September, 1759. He took part in the Battle of Sillery under 
General Murray in April, 1760. Captain Campbell died from the reopening of 
his wounds at Amady, Argyleshire, December 16, 1779, at the age of 51, and 
unmarried. — Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldinc. 



52 SIR JAMES CAMPBELL, M.P. 

Sir James Campbell, eldest son of James Campbell of Inverneill, Argyleshire, 
was born at Inverary January 16, 1737. His mother was Elizabeth, daughter 



32 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

of James Fisher of Durren, Provost of Inverary. His first appointment in the 
army was as Ensign in the 30th regiment of Foot in 1755. In 1756 he was trans- 
ferred as Ensign to the 62nd, Royal American, regiment, becoming Lieutenant 
in the same regiment March 31, 1756. He served throughout the French and 
Indian war, and was at the battle of Ticonderoga. At the Peace in 1763 he 
retired. In 1778 he was appointed Captain in the Western regiment of Fencibles 
becoming Major in same corps in 1779, retaining this rank until the corps was 
disbanded in 1783. He was Member of ParHament for the Stirling Burghs from 
1780 to 1789 when he accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. He was Hereditary 
Usher of the White Rod for Scotland, and was knighted in 1788. He died at 
Inverneill, April 16, 1805, aged 68 years. — Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldinc; 
Burke. 



53 COLONEL JOHN CAMPBELL 

John Campbell of Dunoon and of Blenham House in Bedfordshire came out 
to this country as Major of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. The Campbells of 
Dunoon derive descent through the Ardentining Campbells from the House of 
Ardkinglas. He received his education in Glasgow University. Campbell first 
Saw service as 2nd Lieutenant in Col. C. J. Cochrane's Marine Regiment (now 
Royal Marines) being appointed thereto in 1741, and was promoted to 1st Lieu- 
tenant in 1744. He received the appointment in 1747, as Captain in an Inde- 
pendent Company of Foot sent on the Expedition to India under Admiral Bos- 
cawen 1748-9. Capt. Alexander Campbell (member 1761) writing from the 
Cape of Good Hope to his father, Capt. John Campbell of Barcaldine, under date 
of April 10, 1748, says: "Admiral Boscawen has appointed Capt. Jock Campbell 
to be his Aide-de-Camp, whose merits you are too vvell acquainted with for me 
to pretend to give you an account of." Captain Campbell took part in the at- 
tack and capture of Arcocapan in August, 1748, and the siege of Pondicherry 
September and October, 1749. He retired on half-pay on the reduction in 1730. 
He was recalled to the colours in 1751, as Captain in the 3rd, Col. Geo. Howard's 
Regiment, now the Buffs. When Col. Simon Fraser raised the 78th in 1757 
Campbell was commissioned Major and second in command of the regiment and 
served throughout the campaign, taking part in the siege and capture of Quebec 
in 1759 when he was wounded. In 1760 he received the appointment of Lieut. - 
Colonel Commanding Col. J. Campbell's (Dunoon's) Regiment of Highland Vol- 
unteers known as the 88th or Campbell Highlanders raised to take part in the 
Seven Years War in Germany. He joined the allied army under Prince Ferdi- 
nand and was present with his regiment in the action near Warburg, and the 
Prince, in a letter to King George, states that his loss in the battle fell chiefly 
upon his English Grenadiers and the two regiments of Highlanders "who did 
wonders." The regiment was also in the attack on Zeirenberg, distinguishing 
itself by motmting the breaches sword in hand. Col. Campbell was also in the 
fight near the Convent of Cam])vere in October, 1760, when the Prince's army 
was forced to retreat. The 88th was in the first column to attack and in the last 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIF-TY 33 

to retreat being so exasperated with the loss sustained that it was with difficulty 
the men could be withdrawn. Col. Campbell was also at the Uattle of Felling- 
hausen in July, 1761, and the Prince said that "the intrepidity of the little band 
of Ilighlanders merits the greatest praise.'' He was in the successful attack on 
the French army at Graibenstein in June. 1762, and in the siege of Cassel in 
November of that year. This ended the fighting in Germany and the regiment 
returned to Scotland in July, 1763. Campbell was promoted to be Colonel in 
the army in 1772, and received the appointment in 1773 of Lieutenant-Governor 
of Chelsea Hospital for his long and meritorious service. Colonel Campbell died 
at his residence in Chelsea Hospital April 24, 1773. — Major Sir Duncan Camp- 
bell of Barcaldinc ; Steiuart's Sketches; Bighouse Papers; etc. 



54 CAPTAIN ROBERT CAMPBELL 

Captain Campbell received the appointment of Ensign in the Third Piattalion 
of the 62n(I in 1756, was promoted to be Lieutenant in the 60th, the same regi- 
ment, in 1758, and Captain in 1762. He was stationed with his company in 
New York in 1764, and in the same year placed on half-jiay. He was again 
called to the colours in 1765 as Captain of the 12th Regiment of Foot, now 
known as the SulTolk Regiment, and as the 12th Regiment did not come to 
America he must have returned to Great Britain. He retired from the regiment 
and presumably from the service in 1768. He served thoughout the French and 
Indian War, was present at the defence of Fort William Henry, made memorable 
by Fenimore Cooper in his novel, "The Last of the Mohicans,'' at which sur- 
render Campbell was under capitulation in October, 1757. He was also present 
at the siege and capture of Louishurg in July, 1758, at the battle of the Heights 
of Abraham and the capture of Quebec in September, 1759, and at the battle of 
Sillery in April, 1760. He was also at the capture of Martinique in February, 
1762, at the assault and capture of the Moro Castle in July, and the conquest of 
Havana, Cuba, in August of the same year. At the close of the war in 1763 
Captain Campbell received a grant of lands on Polett River and Green or Indian 
River, in the township of Granville, Washington County, New York, and in 
1786 those lands were offered for sale by James Farquhar, acting for Captain 
Camjibell. His family designation has not been ascertained, htU it is possible that 
he was one of Lachlan Campbell's people. — Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldinc : 
Albany Land Grants and Ncn' York Packet. 



55 LIEUTENANT JOHN CHRISTIE 

In every list of members extant, whether printed or in manuscript, the 
Christian name of our member is given as Thomas, and in the pamphlet of 1770 
it is so given and with the rank of Lieutenant. After an exhaustive search no 
leference to any one of this name and rank has been found. The only oflicer 



34 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

named Christie in New York in 1757 other than John, so far as known, was 
Major Gabriel Christie, who rose to be a general. He was too well known in 
1770, when the list of members was published, so that his rank as major and 
his prominence in the Colony eliminate him as the member in question. No 
mariner of that name has been noted. No mention of a Lieut. Thomas Christie 
appears in Rogers' Genealogical Memoirs of the Scottish House of Christie. 
Our member probably signed his name Jhno for John, and it was deciphered Tho 
for Thomas. 

John Christie of the 60th joined the regiment as an Ensign in 1758. In 
1763 Ensign Christie was placed in command of the garrison at Fort Presqu'ile, 
on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, consisting of twenty-four men of his own 
regiment and six of another. By June, 1763, he had heard of the disasters at 
Detroit and elsewhere and lost no time in writing to Major Wilkins at Niagara 
for more provisions and ammunitions and made preparations against attack. 
The fort contained a blockhouse constructed of heavy logs and believed to be 
impregnable, but its weak point lay in the fact that it was situated between Lake 
Erie and a stream whose steep banks gave cover to the assailants up to within 
forty yards of the stockade. At dawn of June 15th two hundred Indians from 
Detroit took cover under these banks and began the blockade. Christie, having 
given orders that no shot was to be fired except in reply to that of the enemyi 
placed himself at once under a disadvantage. Creeping into the ditch and even 
into the fort unmolested the Indians then opened fire upon the loopholes of the 
blockhouse from their shelter at a few yards distance. Burning arrows and pitch 
fire-balls were hurled on to the roof and woodwork. Again and again the roof 
caught fire. Again and again the flames were extinguished until the water 
barrels became empty, while the well in the parade ground was commanded by 
the enemy's fire. Long before a tunnel toward the well could be completed the 
roof again took fire and the fort was only saved by the gallantry of a soldier who 
tore away the burning shingles. The Indians also took to mining during the 
night and made a rather scientific attempt to undermine the blockhouse, and with 
so much success that in the afternoon of the 16th they reached and set on fire 
Christie's own hut. The flames spread to the adjoining bastion, but by this time 
the underground passage to the well had been finished, water was procured and the 
fire once more extinguished. That night negotiations toward a surrender were 
begun, an Englishman fighting with the Indians being the go-between. The 
Indians offered to spare the lives of the garrison on surrender, but threatened 
that on further resistance they would be burned alive. Exhausted as they were, 
all but two voted to continue the defence. After sending two of his men to 
reconnoitre, and finding the statements of the Indians to be correct, Christie 
surrendered on condition of being permitted to retire unmolested to the nearest 
British post. The scorched and haggard soldiers issued forth and at once found 
themselves prisoners in the hands of their savage foe, who had no intention of 
keeping faith. Two men escaped, the rest were taken to Detroit. Col. Bouquet 
strongly censured Christie for his surrender, but a Court of Enquiry subsequently 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 35 

decided that under the circumstances Christie ought not to lose his commission. 
In 1765 he was raised to the rank of Lieutenant, and to a Captaincy in 1775. 
Christie is next heard of in 1780, when in January of that year the Spanish 
Governor, Don Bernardo de Galvez, organized an expedition against Mobile, a 
reminder that in the War of the Revolution, not the colonists alone constituted the 
enemy, but that France, Spain and Holland, all were combined against the 
British Lion. The garrison of Mobile consisted of about 300 men, of which 
98 were of the 4th Battalion of the 60th, under Captain Christie, the remainder 
being provincial troops, this small garrison being under the command of Captain 
Durnford of the Engineers. The fort was taken by the Spaniards, Christie 
becoming a prisoner and taken to Vera Cruz or Cuba. It is said that he acted in 
this afifair in such a manner as to recover the reputation he had lost at Presqu'ile. 
Christie was released in 1781. rejoined the army, and died in 1782. — Hist. King's 
Royai RUlc Corps (GOtli) : Br. Army List. 



56 COLONEL GAVIN COCHRAN 

In 1756 Gavin Cochran became Captain in the 1st Battalion of the 60th, 
serving with his regiment throughout the entire campaign against the French. 
In 1764 he commanded the troops in South Carolina and Georgia, with head- 
quarters at Fort Prince George. In 1766 Cochran was in London and in corre- 
s}X)ndence with Lord Dartmouth relative to the Indians, the forts in South 
Carolina and Georgia, and other matters of interest. For nearly four years he 
was in command at Crown Point, on the Canadian border, with a portion of 
his regiment, and in 1772 became Major in the army, and is referred to by the 
New York Mercury as "a very respectable veteran,'' and that newspaper "hopes 
that he will get the vacant majority in the regiment." He failed in this, however, 
but on the occasion of his regiment being sent to Jamaica, and his leaving Crown 
Point in July of that year, he was presented by the people of the district with a 
very flattering address. In his short acknowledgment this gallant soldier gave 
utterance to the modest statement that "the consulting the Good of those who 
are committed to our Care and Protection, is no great Merit." In 1773 Cochran 
was in Edinburgh and applied to Lord Dartmouth for a grant of land at Crown 
Point. He received the appointment of Major of the 69th Regiment in 1773, was 
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the 58th Regiment, then stationed 
at Gibraltar in 1777, became Colonel in the Army in 1782, and died at Edinburgh 
March 22, 1786, aged 76 years, and was buried "with great military solemnity" 
in the Chapel Royal of Hnlyroodhouse. — Colonial Documents, Vol. X : the Press; 
Scottish Antiquary. 



57 LIEUT.-COL. JOHN WALKINSHAW CRAUFURD. 

Colonel Craufurd, twenty-first laird of Craufurdland, Ayrshire, was born in 
the year 1721. He entered the army as Cornet in the North British Dragoons in 



36 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

1741 and distinguished himself at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in 1745. In 
August, 1746, he attended his intimate friend, the unfortunate Earl of Kilmarnock, 
to the scaffold on Tower Hill and, it is said, held a corner of the cloth to receive 
his head, and afterwards performed the last sad office of friendship by getting 
the body mterred. For the public exhibition of his friendship which he then 
made his name was placed at the bottom of the army list. He served in the French 
and Indian War as Captain in the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, and was present 
at the capture of Quebec in 1759. He returned to England in the year following, 
and in 1761 was appointed Major-Commandant of the 115th Foot and His 
Majesty's Falconer for Scotland and in 1762 received the freedom of the city of 
Perth. In 1772 he was promoted to a Lieutenant-Colonelcy in the army. He 
died in Edinburgh in February, 1793. Colonel Craufurd never married, and on 
his deathbed settled his estate by deed upon Thomas Coutts, the banker, in 
London. His aunt and nearest heir. Mrs. Elizabeth Craufurd, instituted an action 
of reduction of this settlement and after a long litigation carried on by her and 
her successor the deed was reduced by a decree of the House of Lords in 1806 
by which the succession of this ancient estate returned to its natural channel. — 
Diet. Nat. Biog.; Robertson's Ayrshire Families. 

[On the Roll as Joint Crawford.] 



58 CAPTAIN JAMES DALZELL 

James Dalzell was appointed in 1756 Lieutenant in the 62nd, Captain 80th 
regiment in 1757, and Captain 1st Royals, 2nd Battalion, in 1760. In the Cam- 
paign on the Lakes he was aide-de-camp to Sir Jeffery Amherst. He was the 
companion of Israel Putnam in some of the most adventurous passages of that 
rough veteran's life. While Pontiac was besieging Detroit the garrison at Niagara 
sent two expeditions towards its relief. The first, under Lieutenant Cuyler. was 
overwhelmingly defeated by Pontiac near Detroit. The second, under Dalzell, 
reached Detroit safely and encouraged the garrison very much. r>ut Dalzell 
induced Gladwyn to attempt a sortie which proved an utter failure. The Colonial 
Documents contain a graphic account of the death of Captain Dalzell : "On the 
31st July, 1763, he led a detachment against Pontiac, then encamped beyond the 
bridge on the creek called Bloody Run, in the vicinity of Detroit. The British 
party was obliged to retreat. Parkman, in his Conspiracy of Pontiac, says : 'At 
a little distance lay a sergeant of the 55th (Otway's) helplessly wounded, raising 
, himself on his hands and gazing with a look of despair after his retiring com- 
rades. The sight caught the eye of Dalzell. That gallant soldier, in the true 
spirit of heroism, ran out, amid the firing, to rescue the wounded man, when a 
shot struck him and he fell dead. Few observed his fate and none durst turn 
back to recover his body.' In the Diary of the Siege it is said 'that his body was 
mangled in such a horrid manner that it was shocking to human nature. The 
Indians wiped his heart about the faces of our prisoners.' " 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 37 

59 LIEUTENANT JOHN ELLIOT 

Lieutenant Elliot entered the army in 1756 as Ensign of the 27th Foot; 
was wounded at Ticonderoga ; promoted to a Lieutenancy in the 42nd, Royal 
Highlanders, in 1759; exchanged into the 1st Royals in 1760, and in 1771 his 
name disappeared from the Army List, due to retirement or death. According 
to Durke. John, second son of Sir \\'i!liam Elliot of Stobbs, Bart., was an 
officer in the army. 



60 LIEUTENANT LACHLAN FORBES 

Few references to this officer have been noted. He was gazetted in 1756 
Ensign in the 60th, and was raised to the rank of Lieutenant in the same 
regiment in 1758. He served throughout the entire campaign, was wounded on 
the Plains of Abraham. April 28, 1760, and was on the retired list in 1765. His 
name was dropped from the Army List in 1767. — Army Lkt; Ford; Pa. Gas. 



61 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIMON FRASER 

Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat, was born in 1726. He was educated at 
St. Andrews LTniversity. When the Rising took place in 1745 Lord Lovat, 
true to his instincts, kept aloof but sent his son with part of the clan to join 
Prince Charlie. The depositions printed in the A'Ctv Spalding Club's Historical 
Papers shovs' that he was at Perth at Christmas, 1745, and in Stirling in Janu- 
ary, 17-16. Alexander Mackenzie, the Fraser historian, says he was present at 
Culloden. Andrew Lang states that the Master of Lovat came up too late for 
the battle. The Master was attainted by Act of Parliament on 4th June, 1746, 
surrendered on 2nd August, and was imprisoned in Edinburgh till August, 
1747. When released he went to Glasgow, as the Lovat estates had been for- 
feited. He was called to the Scottish bar in 1750 and was one of the Crown 
counsel at the trial of James Stewart for the murder of Campbell of Glcnure in 
1752. When Pitt raised the Highland regiments in order to carry on the war 
with France, Simon raised the Fraser regiment in 1757, and became Lieutenant- 
Colonel. He fought at Louisburg under Wolfe, was present at both battles of 
Quebec, and commanded the left wing at the latter. He was elected M. P. 
for Inverness-shire in 1761, but soon saw active service in Portugal and became 
a Major-General. The Lovat estates were restored to him in 1774, and in 
September, 1776. he was elected a Town Councillor of Nairn and continued as 
such till his death. He died a Lieutenant-General on February 8, 1782. He figures 
in Robert Louis Stevenson's "Catriona,"' where his character is portrayed in a 
way that gave just offence to Highlanders. — From David M. Mackay's "Trial 
of Lord Lovat : ct al." 

[Prascr's name appeared incorrcctl\ under date of 1756.] 



38 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757] 

62 CAPTAIN SIMON FRASER 

Captain Fraser, third son of Charles Fraser, 7th of Inverallochy, was born 
May 26, 1732. He joined General Simon Fraser in 1757 when he raised Eraser's 
Highlanders as senior Captain, was mortally wounded on the Heights of Abra- 
ham, and died at Quebec on October 15, 1759, unmarried. His brother Charles 
was brutally murdered on the Field of Culloden by orders of the "Butcher." 



63 ENSIGN SIMON FRASER 

Fraser received the appointment as Ensign of the 78th, Fraser's High- 
landers, and was wounded at Quebec in 1759. In 1765 there was a Lieutenant 
Simon Fraser of this regiment retired on half-pay, but we believe that officer 
to be the one who was Captain-Lieutenant in 1757 and who became Lieutenant- 
General and died in 1812. Highland srnnacliaidlis have not succeeded in identi- 
fying Ensign Fraser. It is probable that he retired from the regiment after 
being wounded and remained in Canada. 



64 LIEUTENANT GEORGE FULLARTON 

Lieutenant Fullarton of Bartonholm, Ayrshire, was the son of Robert Ful- 
larton, a Writer to the Signet, who had acquired the lands of Bartonholm. 
This Robert Fullarton was the second son of George Fullarton of that Ilk. The 
subject of this sketch entered the army as Lieutenant in the 62nd, Royal Amer- 
ican, regiment, in 1756, and served during the whole of the seven years' war. 
At the peace in 1763 he returned to Scotland and married Barbara, daughter 
of James Innes of Warrix, Ayrshire, February 7, 1763, leaving at his death two 
sons and one daughter. His eldest son, Robert, died unmarried. His second 
son, Stuart Murray, succeeded to the estate and in 1808, on the death of his 
first cousin once removed. Col. William Fullarton of "Fullarton's Light Horse" 
fame, succeeded to the estate of Fullarton and became "Fullarton of that Ilk." — 
Robertson's Ayrshire Families. 



65 CAPTAIN CHARLES GRAEME 

Captain Graeme entered the army as Lieutenant in the second battalion of 
the Royal Americans, January 1, 1756, becoming Captain on the same day. 
His name disappears from the muster roll of the regiment in 1760. 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 39 

66 CAPTAIN JOHN GRIGG 

Captain John Grigg led a varied and adventurous life. In 1742 one of this 
name, while master of the St. Andreza, privateer, and while on shore at Florida 
Keys, was captured by the Florida Indians, taken to Havana and remained a 
prisoner for thirteen months, being released March 6, 1743. In October, 1756, 
while master of the privateer brig Johnson, of twenty-four swivels and 120 
men, he wrote from Antigua that he was attacked "without ceremony'' by a 
French privateer olif the Island of Grand Terre and that he drove him ofT, but 
on the same evening His Majesty's sloop of war Saltash, believing him to be 
French, attacked him, killing and wounding some of his men and obliging him to 
go to port to refit. In December of the same year he captured off St. Kitts a 
large ship from Marseilles under Spanish colours, supposed to be French. He 
captured another FVench ship of twenty-four guns, worth from £61,000 to 
£81,000. As we have seen, he was at this time associated in business with 
Captain John Alexander and David Shaw in the firm of John Alexander & Co., 
the upshot of w'hich was that in 1766 he became an inmate of the debtors' 
prison. On February, 1771, he, with others, petitioned for letters patent to a 
tract of land on the south side of the Mohawk near the German Flatts, but he 
and Captain James Black were granted 100 acres of land in Albany County, 
probably at Kinderhook. After his unfortunate experience in business he became 
a farmer at Kinderhook, where he remained until the first signs of the Revolu- 
tion appeared. Being a pronounced Loyalist he returned to New York, where 
he believed he was safer than among the farming community. Captain Grigg 
became a member of the Marine Society in 1774. In September, 1775, he was 
a grenadier in Colonel Lasher's Company of Militia and was proposed for a 
Captaincy in the Out Ward Company. This brought forward opposition and 
he was accused of toasting the King and damning Congress. He demanded proof 
and proclaimed himself "a friend to the liberties of America." At this time he 
was a tanner, tallow chandler, etc., in the Out Ward. In 1776 he seems to have 
become a retailer of spirituous liquors in Sloat Alley, and was one of the address- 
ers of Lord Howe, on the arrival of the army and the fleet. On November 15, 
1776, he received a commission as Captain in the Rangers, of the New York 
Militia. Notwithstanding his protestations he was proscribed and his property 
in Kinderhook and in New York was confiscated by the State. He owned a 
house and lots in the Out Ward near Fresh Water. At the evacuation he retired 
to Nova Scotia and received a grant of 500 acres of land in Digby Township. 
He returned to New York and resumed his business, but in 1793 he became 
insolvent and made an assignment to William Cock. In 1791 his son Thomas 
occupied the house in Sloat Lane, "formerly held in good repute bv his father as 
an Ale House," and in 1819 John Grigg, Senior, occupying 5 Chatham Square, 
offered the premises on a lease. This seems to be tlie property described as a 
"House and lot in the Out Ward near Fresh Water," which had been one of the 
parcels confiscated and sold, and which therefore must have been Ixjught by 
himself or by some one acting for him. His death has not been noted. — The 
Press; et al. 



40 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

67 JAMES LIVINGSTON. 

James Livingtson, son of Robert Livingston and grandson of James Living- 
ston, brother of the first Lord of the Manor, was born December 21, 1701. He 
married Elizabeth Kierstede, was a merchant doing business in Smith Street, 
became Alderman of the Dock Ward and died September 7, 1763. In 1745 he 
was one of the Key-Keepers of The Scots Society. 



68 JOHN LOCH, M. D. 

Dr. Loch was appointed a surgeon of the 46th regiment April 20, 1759. On 
retiring from the army he seems to have gone to the Island of Jamaica and at 
a place called Cross Path, about three miles from Savanna-la-Mar, purchased a 
plantation. In 1766 his negroes rebelled and ran amuck, creating quite a sensation 
at the time. It is more than probable that this member was of the family oi 
Loch of Drvlaw, Midlothian. 



69 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McBEAN. 

Captain McBean was the son of Captain John McBean of Drummond, and 
Elspeth, daughter of William McBean of Kinchyle, and sister of Gillies Mor, 
the hero of Culloden. The Captain was originally an officer in the Black Watch, 
and therefore prevented from taking part with his clan in the Jacobite Rising. 
At the outbreak of the French and Indian War he was on the retired list. Alex- 
ander took an active part in furthering the interest of his cousin Donald, the 
young chief of the clan, son of Gillies Mor, in the effort then made to retain in 
the family the ancient seat of Kinchyle. In this he was unsuccessful, as Donald 
lost his estate and was the last of the house of Kinchyle. Donald came out with 
the 78th, Eraser's Highlanders. As their kinsman, Forbes Macbean, of the 
Royal Artillery, afterwards General Macbean, was stationed at Sandy Hook in 
1756, it is probable that our member owed to him his appointment in the 62nd. 
Royal American Regiment. It is rather remarkable that neither Donald nor 
Forbes joined this Society, so far as our records show. In 1756 Alexander was 
gazetted Lieutenant of the 62nd regiment, Captain-Lieutenant of the 60th regi- 
ment in 1758, and Captain in 1761. He served witli the regiment throughout the 
campaign and at the peace of 1763 he retired from the army. So far as known 
he remained in the country, although no definite reference subsequent to that date 
has been found. In 1765, however, one Alexander McBain, a vintner, was pro- 
prietor of the "Glasgow Arms" tavern, situated in Montgomerie Ward. There 
was nothing incongruous in a soldier turning vintner, and our member, had lie 
done so, would only have Ijeen following the example of Iiis uncle. Gillies Mor, 
who, it is conjectured, was the innkeeper of Dalmagerry in 1745. The vintner 
had married a widow with several children. Her name was Mattie, and it is 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 41 

inferred from the vintner's will that her first husband was named Traphagen. 
Tliis Alexander died in 1765, leaving considerable property and the bulk of it 
to his infant son John. His widow died in 1769. Another Alexander McBeaii 
became a refugee Loyalist and settled in 1784 in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, 
New Brunswick. — Ford; A. M. Mackintosh, Historian of Clan Chatian; et al. 



70 THOMAS McILWOKTH. 

Manager, 1759-1760. 

Thomas Mcllworth was a portrait painter. His name and variants thereot 
have been searched for in vain in works on art, and no portraits painted by him 
are known to those versed in such matters. The only identification is to be 
found in the I\Icrciiry and the Post Boy of May 8, and again of August 27, 1758, 
where his advertisements appeared. He notified the public as follows, "that he 
had removed to the house of Mr. Samuel Deall in Broad Street opposite to 
Beaver Street. His first Sett of Pictures are now finished ; and as this is the most 
proper Season for Painting he desires Gentlemen and Ladies that incline to have 
any Thing done in this Way to be speedy in their application." On October 3, 
1760, he married Anastasia Willett of Westchester County and must have died 
before 1770, leaving two children, Thomas and Anna. In 1770 Isaac Willett of 
Cornwall's Neck and Cow Neck, in Westchester County, left a home and main- 
tenance for "Annie" until of age and £500 for support and education of Thomas: 
In 1776 Margaret Willett, widow, probably the grandmother, left £500 for the 
education of Anna. In 1783 Nathaniel Underbill, gentleman, made his will, 
leaving half his lands and houses to his nephew, Thomas McLeroth, undoubtedly 
the same person, although the spelling dilYcrs. Underbill had probably married 
a sister of Mrs. Mcllworth. Thomas, the younger, died intestate in New York 
in 1791 and was styled "gentleman," and his sister Anna was appointed Admin- 
istratrix, presumably because there was no widow. This is the last reference 
found and it is not known that Anna married, although she must have been 
very comfortably situated. Judging from the ditTerences in spelling met with, 
it is probable that our member's name was Mcllwraith. 

[Name appears on Roll as McEki'ortli.] 



71 CAPTAIN GEORGE McINTOSH. 

Captain Mcintosh was the second son of William, 2nd of Balnespic, and 
Mary Ross, his wife. He was baptised 14th September, 1713, according to the 
Parish Register of the Church of Alvie. He received the appointments of Ensign 
in the 62nd regiment in 1755, Lieutenant in the 60th (same regiment) in 1756, 
and was wounded in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758. A baggage and forage 
receipt to Paymaster Walter Rutherfurd of the 60th, dated at the Camp at 



42 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

Schenectady May, 1769, contains the signature of Mcintosh (Nc2v York His-i 
torical Society.) In 1775 he was commissioned Captain and retired from the: 
army in 1778. He died unmarried March 8, 1780, aged 66 years, and was i 
buried at St. Drostan's Chapel, Dunachton, Inverness, where there is a tomb- ■ 
stone to his memory. — A. M. Mackintosh; Army List. 



72 LIEUTENANT FRANCIS McKAY. 

Lieutenant McKay was appointed Ensign in the 62nd regiment, December 
.31, 1775, and Lieutenant in the Fourth Battalion of the 60th regiment, December 
7, 1756. In the Post Boy, of July 24, 1758, Lieutenant McKay is specially 
mentioned in connection with the Battle of Ticonderoga. He and Lieutenant 
Samuel Mackay distinguished themselves principally in the first retreat: "When 
they saw with Regret the Army retiring in much disorder they went both before 
the Front and made 200 Soldiers hold immediately and turned them towards 
the Enemy, encouraging them with good Words and their own Example ; which 
seasonable Example having been seen and followed by the other Regiments, the 
Army was thus soon brought out of that Confusion, in good Order and the 
Whole went to assault the Enemy again." As a War Correspondent the writer 
of the above would hardly measure up to the requirements of a present day 
newspaper. At the peace of 1763 McKay was placed on half-pay. In 1764 he 
petitioned the government for a grant of 2000 acres of land in Albany County at 
Button Mould Bay and his application was endorsed by General Gage. One of 
this name and rank accompanied Major General James Murray on his return 
to England from Quebec, in the ship Little William, Captain John Grant, on 
June 28, 1766. In 1767 Lieutenant McKay received a grant of lands at St. 
John and is described as a "Surveyor of Woods" (in Canada), while Samuel is 
designated as "of Montreal." In 1778 he was again called to the colours as 
Lieutenant in the 75th regiment, and in 1780 he was appointed Captain in the 
99th, or Jamaica regiment, which was disbanded in 1783, when again he must 
have gone on half-pay. In Loudon's Packet of January 15, 1784, appeared a 
notice of the confiscation of his lands in Charlotte County, this State, and he is 
described as "late of the Province of Quebec." His further service, if any, has 
not been ascertained. — Ford; Albany Land Grants; Army List; the Press; Acts 
of Privy Council. 



73 ENSIGN JOHN McKIE. 

John McKie, or McKay, joined the 60th as Ensign December 14, 1756, 
and served with the third battalion of that regiment until he died of wounds 
received on the Plains of Abraham in the action on April 28, 1760. No Lieuten- 
ant of this name lias been found either in the regular army or in the provincials. 
[Appears in the pamphlet of 1770 as Lieutenant.] 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 43 

74 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McLEAN. 

Captain McLean kept a general store in Albany, New York, 'liviiiy between 
tbe English and Dutch Churches a little below the main guard, in the Main 
street." He traded between New York and Ireland in the snow Charming Nancy 
and became a member of the Marine Society in 1781. 



75 LIEUTENANT KENNETH MATHESON. 

Lieutenant Matheson was the fourth son of John, 1st of Attadale, in 
Lochalsh, factor for the Seaforth estates of Kintail, Lochalsh and Lochcarrun. 
In 1745 he was appointed Lieutenant in the Inverness Company, one of the 
Independent Companies raised to keep the peace in the Highlands. During 
the French War he was gazetted Ensign in the 47th regimetit, known as Las- 
celle's, in 1758, and Lieutenant in 1759. He was killed at Montmorency, Canada, 
July 31, 1759, during the siege and capture of Quebec. — Mackenzie's History 
of the Mathcsons; Knox's Journal. 



76 DAVID MILLIGAN. 

Secretary, 1761-1764. 

Milligan's advertisement is curious, and gives one an idea of the kind of 
goods offered for sale in those days : "Just imported in the ship Tartar, from 
Liverpool, a fresh Assortment of Goods, and to be sold by David Milligan, at 
his Store at the widow Smith's in Maiden Lane, for Cash or short credit, viz., 
Silver Watches, Birmingham Sheffield Hardware, blue and white Delph-ware, 
several sorts of gilt, plain and carv'd Staffordshire flint-ware ; shoes for gentle- 
men, ladies, boys, girls, and children, strong shoes for Negroes, fine bottled 
beer, silk, cotton, thread, worsted and yarn stockings ; black, buflf, crimson and 
scarlet patterns for waistcoats or breeches ; fine gold lac'd hats, men and boys 
plain ditto, of several sorts, cotton hollands and checks, linnen checks, coarse 
and fine : Jeans, pellows, thicksetts, barrogons, dimities, diapers, table cloths,' 
double ticks, ginghams, cotton gowns, fcunts, Scotch check, and printed hand- 
kerchiefs, &c., &c." In 1761 he advertised his goods and household furniture 
for sale, "at the Lancashire Witch in the Square," "as he intends to leave the 
province." In 1761 he entered into partnership with Donald Morison in the 
Ship Chandlery business, Morison "going to the country," and the firm l)ecame 
Morison & Milligan. Hn February 13, 1762, the partnership was dissolved 
and thereafter Milligan traded on his own account at his store "near the Ferry 
Stairs." In 1778 he was engaged in business in London and entered claims 
against certain goods seized in Savannah and taken to London. In 1784 he 



44 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

appeared before the Commissioners of Claims, describing himself in his petition 
as a "British Merchant," and presented a claim for compensation for the loss 
of the ship Inverness, John McKenzie, master. This ship had been burned by 
the Americans in Savannah River in 1776, and it was probably part of her caryo 
for which he presented claims in 1778. — Acts of Privy Council; The Press. 



77 CAPTAIN JOHN MUNRO. 

Captain Munro was the second son of John, 4th of Tullochue, known as 
"Ian Mor," and Helen, eldest daughter of Alexander Simpson, tacksman of 
Ballnaloch, Ferintosh. The Munros of Tullochue were a branch of the Munros 
of Fyrish, the first of whom, Hugh, was descended from Hector Munro, second 
son of Robert, XlVth Baron of Foulis. Before coming to America Captain 
Munro married Jane, daughter of Alexander Fraser, farmer, Assynt. He came 
to America in 1756, and settled in Albany County. In 1760 he was engaged in 
business in Albany, his house "facing the English Church," and carried a miscel- 
laneous line of goods. On April 5 of that year he married, as his second wife, 
Maria, daughter of Cornells Brouwer of Schenectady. In 1763 he was one of 
the Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church and later an elder thereof. In 
1770 he resided at Shaftesbury, within a few rods of the New York line, and 
acted as Justice of the Peace for the district. For several years he was very 
troublesome to the New Hampshire settlers in the disputed territory in connec- 
tion with the boundary question. After the year 1772 the threats of the Green 
Mountain Boys appear to have kept him quiet. In June, 1775, he was applied to 
by Colonel McLean (General Allan) to assist him in raising men and he waS 
offered a Captaincy. He was successful in raising a company of upwards of 
100 men. On McLean's return from Boston Munro accompanied him, while 
disguised, for 190 miles to Schenectady. In June, 1776, he was appointed by Sir 
Guy Carleton to a company in Sir John Johnson's regiment, the King's Royal 
Regiment of New York, familiarly known as the "Royal Greens," in which he 
served eight years. He owned considerable landed property, all of which was 
confiscated. In Pearson's "First Settlers of Schenectady" appears the following : 
"On the 16th of October, 1780. a party of 400 Regulars and Indians from Can- 
ada, under Major Munro, a tory from Schenectady, made their appearance in 
the Ballston settlement. They designed to attack Schenectady, but returned 
without eflfecting their object. They pillaged several houses and took twenty- 
four prisoners." In 1777 he was captured near Ticonderoga and condenmed to 
death, a sentence which was not carried out, and for eighteen months he was 
kept a prisoner. In 1785 he was in London presenting a Memorial, dated April 
9, 1785, setting forth his claims for compensation for his losses. In this he 
stated that in order to get to London he had mortgaged for four years his half- 
pay as an officer. He had left his wife and eight children in Canada without 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 45 

support. He estimated his losses at £17,000 New York currency and a grateful 
government awarded him £40 to cover his expenses in coming to England and 
returning to Canada, on the grounds that his half-pay must be regarded as suf- 
ficient acknowledgment of his services and losses. Mrs. Grant of Laggan says 
of him "he was a particular friend of her father (Lieut. McVicar), and was a 
worthy upright man.'' A son Hugh born in America served six years In the 
"Royal Greens." — Loyalist Papers, New York Public Library; MacKcn::ie's 
Hist, of the Miinros; &c. 



78 SIR JAMES NAPIER. 

James Napier was in the medical service of the British army and rose to be 
Director and Inspector-General of His Majesty's Hospitals in North America 
and is so described in a grant "by the King in Council" in 1764 of 10,000 acres 
of land situated west of the Green Mountains, partly in Shaftsbury, Glassenbury, 
Sunderland and Arlington in Vermont. His home in New York in 1764 was "in 
the Broad-Way near the Bowling Green." He sailed for England April 20th, 
1764, on the ship Ed-Ji'ard, William Davis, master, but he seems to have returned 
the following year for in 1765 he petitioned to have his land surveyed and al- 
lotted to him. During the Revolution he remained in active service and received 
the honour of knighthood. His name appears on the half-pay list up to and 
including 1799 but not thereafter. 

[Appears in the History as John Napier.] 



79 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL WILLIAM RAMSAY 

William Ramsay was gazetted Ensign of the 60th, Royal Americans, in 1756, 
and promoted to be Lieutenant in 1758. In May, 1759, he was in Camp at 
Schenectady and Ramsay's signature with that of Mcintosh and others appears 
on a document in the New York Historical Society. He served throughout the 
French and Indian war. In 1764 he was transferred from half-pay to the 35th 
and remained with that regiment until transferred as Captain to the 14th in 
1775. That regiment came to America the preceding year and remained here 
until 1777. In 1776 Ramsay was in command of a detachment of the 14th at 
Halifax and in 1777 was invalided to England. Captain Ramsay received his 
Majority in 1790 and was raised to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1794. In 
1795 he was transferred to the 80th regiment and became Colonel in the army 
in 1798. In 1802 he became Colonel "of a Regiment of Infantry" without other 
designation of name or number. In 1805 he was raised to the rank of Major- 
General and in 1811 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Gcneral. His name does 
not appear in the Army List of 1814, — Army List; AIS. in N. V. Hist. So.; 
Kcnible Papers. 



46 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

80 GOVERNOR JAMES ROBERTSON. 

Governor Robertson was born in Newbigging, Fifeshire, circa, 1720. He 
was in his youth a private and then a sergeant in the British army, and in 1740 
at Carthagena, New Granada, gained an ensigncy. He came to the Colony in 
1756, being appointed Major of the 1st Battalion of the 60th or Royal Americans 
December, 1755. In May, 1758, he was appointed by General Abercromby, 
Deputy Quarter-Master-General of the army in North America. He ac- 
companied the expedition against Louisburg in 1758 and was promoted to be 
Lieut. -Colonel in the army July 8 of that year. In 1759 he accompanied Lord 
Amherst up Lakes George and Champlain in charge of the Quarter-Master's 
Department, and in October was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 55th regi- 
ment. In February, 1760, he exchanged into the 15th regiment, which formed 
part of the expedition to Martinique in 1762, and in 1767 he returned to England. 
In the following year he exchanged into the 16th regiment, which had remained 
in America. In 1772 he became Colonel in the army. In July, 1775, he was 
stationed at Boston, was appointed Major-General in America in 1776, and Colo- 
nel commanding the 60th in January following. He accompanied the army under 
Howe to Staten Island, commanded the 6th Brigade in the engagement of the 
first of August, and afterwards in the Battle of Long Island, coming shortly 
thereafter to New York City. For many years he was barrack master in New 
York, in which post he acquired a fortune. He returned to England in Febru- 
ary, 1777, and in August of that year became Major-General in the army. In 
1778 he was appointed Colonel of the 16th Regiment, and in 1779 received a com- 
mission as Governor of New York, and was accordingly sworn in March 23, 
1780. While Governor his official title was as follows: — "His Excellency James 
Robertson, Esq., Captain-General and Governor in Chief of the Province of New 
York and Territories thereupon depending in America, Vice-Admiral of the same 
and Alajor-General of His Majesty's forces." He became Lieutenant-General in 
1782, embarked for England in 1783, and died there March 4, 1788.— Col. Doc; 
Appleton. 



81 WILLIAM RUSSELL, M. D. 

In the list of Honorary members published in 1770 this gentleman was iden- 
tified as above. He was also on the Honorary List of the Saint Andrew's Society 
of Philadelphia under date of 1760. Dr. Russell was a surgeon in the British 
army and became Purveyor of Hospitals in Martinico. In 1765 he was placed 
on Half-pay but in 1769 his name was dropped from the list. One of this name 
was Comptroller of the Customs of Savannah and died at London in the Summer 
of 1769. — British Army List; So. Car. Gazette. 



82 SIR JOHN ST. CLAIR. 

Sir John was the third baronet of his line. In 1755 he was appointed Deputy 
Quarter-Master-General of the British forces in America, and assigned to duty 



1757 ijAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 47 

with Braddock in the proposed exj>edition to expel the French from Western 
Pennsylvania. He first landed in Virginia and made a reconnoissance of the 
head-waters of the Potomac, and later joined Braddock in Alexandria. In the 
campaign which followed, in which Braddock was killed, Sir John was severely 
wounded, from the effects of which he never fully recovered. He was evidently 
an energetic and capable officer, but shared with his chief an undisguised con- 
tempt for the Provincial troops in the expedition. His duties were necessarily 
arduous, as he had to see that roads were cut for the advance of the soldiers 
through the wilderness, and tliat horses, wagons and supplies were procured for 
the service. In this campaign the road-building was under the immediate charge 
of Captain — later Colonel — James Burd, member of the Saint Andrew's Society 
of Philadelphia, and Colonel Benjamin Franklin was especially selected to procure 
horses, wagons and supplies for the troops, advancing for this purpose his own 
money and pledging his personal credit for payment. St. Clair was invalided 
home but returned to New York in September, 1755. In 1756 he received the 
appointment of Deputy Quartermaster-General, under Shirley, according to the 
Ndc York Mercury. The first campaign, as stated, resulted in failure, but Sir 
John took an active part in the second. On January, 6, 1756, he was appointed 
Lieut. -Colonel of the 62nd, promoted Colonel of the regiment in 1762, and 
Lieut. -Colonel of the 28th regiment in 1766. He took part in the expedition 
under Forbes against Fort Duquesne. He was generally disliked and regarded 
by some as not over-capable. Forbes says of him "he is a very odd man, and 
I am sorry it has been my fate to have any concern with him." Parkman says, 
"He was extremely inefficient and Forbes, out of all patience with him, wrote to 
Fouquet 'that his only talent was for throwing everything into confusion." He 
found fault with everybody else, and would discharge volleys of oaths at all who 
met his disapproval. From this cause or some other, Lieut. -Colonel Stephen of 
the Virginians told him that he would break his sword rather than be longer 
under his orders. St. Clair said in reference to this incident 'as I had not suf- 
ficient strength to take him by the neck from among his own men, I was obliged 
to let him have his own way that I might not be the occasion of bloodshed." He 
purchased a farm near Elizabethtown, where he died November 26, 1767. He 
is frequently referred to in the Pennsylvania Archives under the name of Sinclair. 
On March 17th, 1762, he married Elizjtbeth, a daughter of John and Catherine 
Hutchinson Moland. Mr. Moland was owner of a large estate on the Frankford 
Road, Philadelphia, later known as Rose Hill. There were two children by this 
marriage, a son who died in early youth at Trenton, and another son, John, who 
became the fourth baronet of the line upon his father's death and who married 
a daughter of Sir William Erskine, Quartermaster-General of the British forces 
in the war of the Revolution. His widow married in 1769 Col. Dudley Templer 
of the 26th regiment. — Col. Doc; Bradley's "The Fight zvith France" ; Hist. Cat. 
St. Andrezi''s Society, Philadelphia. 

{His name is spelled Sinclair on Roll.] 



48 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

83 JOHN STEUART, M. D. 

In the Honorary List published in 1770 this gentleman is identified as Dr. 
Steuart. He was a surgeon in the British army attached to the 46th Regiment 
and on December 30, 1776, was appointed Surgeon in charge of the Hospital, 
vice-Bruce (our member), promoted. In October, 1777, he was at Germantown 
near Philadelphia. One of this name, spelled similarly, married Elizabeth Hunt 
in March, 1760. — Kemble Papers. 

[Appeared heretofore as John Stewart.] 



84 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL GEORGE TURNBULL. 

Col. Turnbull was a native of Perthshire, and nephew of Dr. William Cun- 
ningham, member 1784. He was also related to William Maxwell, whose daugh- 
ter Marian had married a Turnbull, of Second River, New Jersey. His earliest 
military service was as Ensign in the Scots Brigade of Holland. He received 
his comm.ission as Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion of the 60th, Royal American, 
Regiment in 1756, and was raised to the rank of Captain in 1765. He saw con- 
siderable service during the French and Indian war, and was wounded at Ticon- 
deroga, and again at Martinico. For some time he was in command of the post 
at Detroit in 1769 and at the trading post at Michilimackinac where he remained 
until 1772, when his regiment was assembled in New York to take passage for 
Jamaica. On his leaving the post July 7, 1772, he was presented with an address. 
In July, 1776, he and Johnston Fairholme were arrested by Major Duyckinck 
and sent to Elizabethtown but were liberated by the Convention. During the 
Revolution he took part in the attack on Fort Montgomery October, 1777, and 
was the first man to enter the works. For his intrepidity generally he was 
transferred to the command of the Third American Regiment or the New York 
Volunteers. He took part in the attack on Stony Point February 6, 1778. He 
distinguished himself also at the Siege of Savannah in 1779. A year later he 
commanded the garrison at Rock Mount, South Carolina, and repulsed Sumter 
in three different attacks and compelled him to retire. For this exploit the regi- 
ment was presented by Lord Rawdon with a stand of colours which in 1823 was 
sent by Captain Frederick de Peyster to Colonel George's heirs in Perth. In 
1780 he retired on account of illness with the following discharge from Cornwal- 
lis, addressed to Sir Henry Clinton. 

Camp at Winsborough, Nov. iS, ij8o. 
Lt. Colonel Turnbull of the New York Volunteers being rendered by long 
and severe illness incapable of serving, has my leave to proceed to New York, 
in hopes that a Change of Climate may be useful to him. I beg leave to 
assure your Excellency that I have the greatest Obligation to Lt. Colonel 
Turnbull for liis good services in this Province, & that he has on all Occa- 
sions demonstrated the greatest Zeal, Spirit and Attention. 
I have the Honour to be, &c. 

(Signed) Cornwallis. 



1757 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 49 

After the Revolution he is not heard of until 1788 when he returned to New 
York, again joined the Society and took up his residence at 84 Broad Street, 
removing the following year to 67 Wall Street, where he remained several years. 
His country seat was situated where Waverly Place is now. He al.so had a place 
at Rockaway, for in 1803, writing to Walter Rutherfurd, he tells him that while 
shooting there he killed 54 snipe with 4 shots, showing that Rockaway in those 
days was a veritable paradise of sport. Col. Turnbull was one of the original in- 
corporators of the New York Public School. In November, 1797, he offered to 
sell his property in Greenwich Lane as "Intending for Europe next summer." 
Colonel Turnbull married January 24th, 1778, Catharine, only daughter of Cor- 
nelius Clopper, with whom he received a handsome fortune. She died December 
2nd, 1808. Lieut.-Col. Turnbull died October 13th, 1810, at his country seat 
at Bloomingdale. The Evening Post states that "For upwards of sixty years he 
sustained in the British army in every respect, that character which distinguishes 
the soldier and the gentleman — nor was he less known or less esteemed by his 
fellow citizens, for the practice of those moral and social duties which inspire 
resi>ect, and give true dignity to the man." The members of the Society were 
specially called by the Secretary to attend the funeral from No. 24 Broad Street, 
the residence of Col. Turnbull's friend Frederick De Peyster. Col. Turnbull left 
no direct heirs. — Sabine; Col. Doc; Kemble Papers; the Press. 



85 JAMES WARDROP. 

James Wardrop in his will designated himself as "of the Province of Mary- 
land, merchant." He is definitely located, however, in the Neiu York Mercury 
of 1757 by an advertisement of Bradford's American Magazine, or Monthly 
Chronicle as of Upper Marlborough, Maryland. He was a Glasgow merchant 
engaged in the tobacco business and probably member of a firm of several part- 
ners, he being the one called upon to look after the American end of the business. 
This called him to New York on occasions and in 1757 while here he became a 
member of the Society. It is probable he remained here for some time as in 
1759 he executed a codicil to his will in which he recites "being at present de- 
tained .... by business." This codicil was witnessed by Major Clephane, of the 
78th, and Dr. Adam Thomson. In 1764 this will with its codicil was admitted 
to probate in New York, showing that he was then dead. He no doubt returned 
to Glasgow and died there. His son James, also an American merchant and 
tobacco importer, was ruined by the American war and died at Springbank, near 
Glasgow, in 1799. — Glasgow Uniz'ersity Albums; the Press. 



86 DANIEL WEIR. 

The earliest mention noted of Daniel Weir appears in Kno.v's Journal under 
date of 1758. He was then with the army in Canada as a Commissary of Stores. 



50 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1757 

In 1778 he was Commissary-General of Stores and Provisions in New York. He 
therefore served in both the French and Indian War and in the Revolution. 
While filling the above office under Robertson in New York he amassed a fortune. 
He died November 12, 1781, aged 47 years, and the London Morning Chronicle 
of December 24, 1781, gives the following obituary. "It is with infinite Concern 
we announce to our Readers the Death of Daniel Weir. Esq. ; his Majesty's Com- 
missarj'-General, in North America: — By this fatal Event, this country- is de- 
prived of the Services of a Man whose Abilities, Assiduity, and inflexible 
probit)' in a Station to which he was invited from the approved Rectitude of his 
former Conduct, have left an Example, worthy of Imitation, to all Persons in- 
trusted with the public Confidence. In private Life he had the Happy Talent 
of attracting and preserving Affection; his general Benevolence: the gentleness 
of his Manners, and the Urbanity of his disposition gained him many and dis- 
tingfuished Friendships, and it may with the strictest Truth be said of him. that 
he lived and died without Enmity." This differs widely from the American esti- 
mate of the man, of which enmit\- is the chief characteristic. 



87 WILLIAIM YOUNG. M. D. 

Dr. Young was a native of Scotland and came to this countr)' as Surgeon 
of the 43rd regiment, receiving his appointment in 1751. He was transferred 
to hospital dut}' in 1762. At the peace he was "reduced." He petitioned the 
government in 1766 for a grant of 3,(XX) acres of land west of the Hudson River 
"lately purchased of the Catts Kill Indians," and later in the same year petitioned 
for a different tract. In 1767 he received a certificate for 3,000 acres in Cum- 
berland Count)' known as the Townshend Tract. This would argue that he 
remained in this countr)-. This may be the same person who in 1773 and 1774 
was a druggist at Kinsessing near the Lower Ferr)- on the Schuylkill, or he may 
be the Dr. Young who went as a volunteer with the Pennsylvania troops and was 
taken prisoner at the Battle of Long Island. — Army List; Land Papers, Albany; 
Pa. Packet; Pa. Journal. 



1758 



88 GENERAL JAMES ABERCROMBY, M. P. 

General Abercromby was bom at Glassaugh, Fordyce, Banffshire, in the year 
1706. Having obtained a company he was commissioned as ^lajor in 1742, al- 
though he had no previous military experience, and in 1744 was appointed Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 1st Regiment or Royal Scots. He served throughout the 
war in Flanders as Commissar)- of Musters, on General St. Clair's staff, and in 
April, 1746, was promoted to the rank of Colonel in the Army and served as 
Quarter-Master-General in the expedition to Port-L'Orient in Brittany. In 



1758 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 51 

April of the following year he was wounded in a sortie from Hulst in the Low 
Countries then beseiged by the French. In 1755 he was appointed Colonel of 
the 50th Regiment, about to be raised for service in America. In 1756 he was 
promoted to the rank of Major-General, and in March following succeeded Col. 
Ellison in command of the 44th Regiment of Foot. He arrived in America in 
June of that year and in 1757 commanded the second brigade in the expedition 
of Lord Loudoun against Louisburg. On succeeding the latter in command of 
the army in America in 1758 he became, ex-officio, Colonel of the 60th or Royal 
Americans. He immediately set about organizing an expedition against Crown 
Point. On July 8, 1758, he attacked Fort Ticonderoga, having under him a body 
of 15,000 men, regulars and colonials, and was repulsed with severe loss by the 
French under Montcalm, and retreated to his entrenched camp on the south side 
of Lake George. He was superseded by Sir JefTery Amherst and returned to 
England in 1759. His conduct of the campaign showed him to be lacking in 
military knowledge. He entered Parliament and became a strong advocate of 
the policy of George the Third towards the Colonies. He was raised to the rank 
of Lieutenant-General in 1759, and General in the army in 1772. Previous to 
this latter promotion he was appointed Deputy-Governor of Stirling Castle, hold- 
ing this office until his death which took place at Glassaugh April 23, 1781. His 
son James having been killed at Bunker Hill the estate of Glassaugh passed into 
the Dufif family through the marriage of Jane, eldest daughter of the general, 
she being at the time a widow, with Admiral Robert Duflf, commander in chief 
of the Mediterranean squadron. — Nat. Cy. Am. Biog.; Appleton; Col. Doc. Vol. 
VII ; Parkman. 

[Appears on our Records as Sir James.] 



89 JAMES CHRISTIE. 

In the Lyon Register, Edinburgh, under date of July 26, 1787, James Christie 
is thus described. "James Christie of Durie, in the county of Fife, Esquire, only 
son and heir of Thomas Christie, Esquire, by Mary, daughter of John Watson of 
Thirtyacres, Esquire, third son of Duncan Watson, many years Sheriff-Depute 
of the County of Stirling by commission from Charles II., during the minority 
of the Earl of Callender, heritable sheriff of that county, which Thomas was 
second son of James Christie. Esquire, who was several times Provost of Stirling, 
and was descended from the Christies of Chamberlands in the aforesaid county." 
James Christie was born December 2, 1738. In 1758 he proceeded to New York 
and subsequently joined the mercantile house at Baltimore established by his 
cousins James Christie of Stirling and Robert Christie of Glasgow and was 
known as James Christie, junior. He continued in business amassing consider- 
able property. In 1774 at a meeting of Freeholders held at Baltimore to protest 
against the Boston Port Bill and to sympathize with the people of Boston, Robert 
sympathized with the Americans, while James remained loyal thereby arousing 
suspicion, culminating in persecution. His goods were seized and sold at public 



52 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1758 

auction being bought in by himself at an advance of 2 per cent., this advance 
going to the poor of Boston, "agreeable to resolve of the Continental Congress." 
He was expelled from Baltimore and fined £500 and deprived of his estate. His 
attachment to the royal cause recommended him to George HI and, after an 
interval, he was appointed Assistant-Commissary to General Howe and served 
during 1776-7-8 being constantly in the field in dangerous service, Commissary 
to Cornwallis in quarters in New Jersey and in every foraging party from Phila- 
delphia. He was also appointed Commissary-General to the Expedition to the 
West Indies commanded by General Grant thereby enabling him to join his rela- 
tive Col. Gabriel Christie at Antigua. When Grant left the West Indies Christie 
was ordered home and after settling his accounts was superseded, paid in his 
balance and "got his Quietus." In 1782 he settled in London, also having a 
country house in Selkirkshire where he resided until 1786 when he purchased 
the estate of Durie, in the parish of Scoonie, Fifeshire. He died there December 
25, 1803. He married first, at Baltimore in 1772, Mary, eldest daughter of 
George Milligan of Bohemia, an extensive landowner in Maryland and Dela- 
ware. She died December 15, 1774. He married secondly, at Stirling, Novem- 
ber 9, 1783, Mary Turner, eldest daughter of the Hon. Charles Barclay Maitland 
of Easter Livilands and afterwards of Tillicoultry, 2nd son of Charles, 6th Earl 
of Lauderdale. In the marriage contract James is described as "of the Parish 
of St. James, Westminster, Late Commissary General of His Majesty's forces 
in the Leeward Islands." — Rogers' House of Christie; Loyalist Papers; Kemble 
Papers. 






90 JOHN DALGLISH 

In an advertisement in the Post Boy of April 3, 1758, Dalglish stated that 
he was of "Glasgow from London." In that year he was entered on the Roll of 
Freemen. He described his place of business as "his Store up one pair of stairs, 
enters in at the sign of the Royal Bed, in Dock Street, opposite the burnt house, 
near Count jies market." Here is a list of some of the articles he had for sale, 
"Venitians, tobine ditto, rich bredaws, figur'd yard wide pompadours, missinets, 
figur'd mosaicks, rich tobine Irishes, rich embroidered Lutestrings, rich half yard 
dresden, dresden blashoon, barley-corn yard-wide figur'd tammys, shalloons of 
divers colours," and after mentioning other goods in great detail he added "and 
several other goods too tedious to mention. Also an assortment of Watches." 
Dalglish was probably of the Glasgow family of Dalgleish which in a later gen- 
eration became famous as calico printers. 



91 JOHN ELPHINSTONE, BARON ELPHINSTONE 

John Elphinstone, eldest son of Charles, Xth Baron Elphinstone, and Clem- 
intina, daughter of John Fleming, Vlth Earl of Wintoun, was born January, 
1737. When 18 years of age he entered the army receiving the appointment of 



1758 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 53 

Lieutenant in the 47th regiment July 2, 1755. He served during the French land 
Indian war, was wounded in the neck by a musket ball at the Heights of Mcnt- 
morency and mentioned in Wolfe's despatch of September 26, 1759. He became 
Captain of the 5th division of Independent Companies October 28, 1760, then in 
Jamaica, West Indies. He married in 1762 Anne, daughter of James, Illd Lord 
Rutbven, and went on the half-pay list prior to 1765. In 1777 he was Captain 
of a Company of Invalids in Scotland. In 1781 he succeeded his father as Xlth 
Baron Elphinstone and represented the Scottish Peers in the House cf Lords in 
1784 and again in 1790. In 1783 he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of 
Edinburgh Castle and died at Cumbernauld House August 19, 1794. — British 
Army List: Kno.v's Journal: Biggar and the House of Fleming. 

[Tills appears on our Roll as James, in error, the only Captain 
Elphinstone in America in 1758 being John, as aboi'c] 



92 LEWIS MORRIS. 

Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Lewis Morris, born at Morrisania, Westchester County, New York, in 1726, 
was the son of Cliief Justice Lewis Morris of the Vice-Admiralty Court. He 
graduated from Yale College in 1746 and then entered on the care of an estate 
at his native place, where he became a farmer on a large scale, in the "golden 
days of the Colonies." Lord Adam Gordon, who met Mr. Morris in 1765, states 
that Morrisania was the "prettiest and best conditioned farm in America, con- 
sisting of 2,050 acres for which he (Morris) had been offered £22,000 sterling." 
He also adds that it had a bad house on it. When the order for quartering or 
billeting British troops was issued in 1767 Morris was vigourous in opposition to 
the measure, which he declared unconstitutional and tyrannous, and so decided 
were his sentiments against the various acts of the British ministry that he was 
not sent to the Congress of 1774. In 1775 he became a delegate and served on 
the Committee of Ways and Means to supply the Colonies with arms and ammu- 
nition, the duties of which were perhaps the most arduous of any. The same 
year he went to Pittsburgh to negotiate for the friendship of the Indians, and 
on July 4th, 1776, voted for and signed the Declaration of Independence, in 
consequence of which his large property was devastated by the British and his 
family driven into exile, from which they only returned on tlie evacuation of 
New York in 1783. In 1777 he relinquished his seat in Congress and in the 
Legislature of his State displayed undaunted spirit and untiring zeal, while in 
the militia, which he assisted in organizing and equipping, he rose to the rank 
of Major-General. Married early in life to Marj' Walton he had six sons and 
four daughters. The latter part of his life like the beginning was spent upon 
his fine estate at Morrisania, where he died January 22, 1798, in the seventy- 
second year of his age. — Nat. Cyclo. Am. Biog.; Genealogist. 



54 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1758 

93 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES STUART. 

Col. Stuart served during the French and Indian war in America and also 
in the West Indies where he was present at the taking of Martinique and the 
Havanna and also at the reduction of the Caribbee Indians at St. Vincent. 
After 1763 he served with the 17th regiment for six years in the "teck settle- 
ments" against the Indians, afterwards purchasing his Company in the 68th 
regiment. He served altogether 26 years in the army. In October, 1766, he 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Schuckburgh of Albany, a surgeon hi 
the army and at the time secretary for Indian affairs under Sir John Johnson. 
In 1776 Stuart's home on Broadway was burned in the great fire of that year. 
In 1784 he was in the Island of Jersey. In his Memorial for compensation 
for his losses he stated that he had not been in America since 1769. — Loyalist 
Papers. 

[Prez'ioiis identificaiion incorrect.] 



1759 



94 JOHN ADAIR, M. D. 

When Dr. Adair joined the army is not known. He is first noted as being 
present at the Battle of Fontenoy and was then recognized as "the best surgeon 
in the army." From 1756 he was a surgeon on the staffs of Abercromby and 
Amherst during the French and Indian War. He was with Wolfe at Quebec 
and attended that officer when he was mortally wounded. In the painting by 
West entitled "The Death of Wolfe," Dr. Adair is depicted as one of the group, 
but this is not historically correct. In 1765 he was on the half-pay list as Direc- 
tor of Hospitals at Martinique. In that year he was granted 5,000 acres of land 
in the Province of New York, described as lying between the townships of Tom- 
linson and Townshend about six miles west of the Connecticut River, and more 
particularly described in the Return of the Survey in 1767, as in Cumberland 
County adjoining Westminster, now Athens, Vermont. In 1777 Lord Barring- 
ton wrote to Gen. William Howe agreeing to send out Dr. Adair as Superin- 
tendent-General of all Hospitals in America and in a second letter refers to 
Adair's attendance on the Duke of Gloucester during his illness. In October of 
that year Adair was in America, as will be seen in the sketch of Dr. Catherwood. 
On August 20th, 1778, Major-General Eyre Massey, writing to General Sir 
Henry Clinton, states that Adair "had been sent where he was much wanted as 
purveyor and surgeon until your Excellency's pleasure is known," and commends 
Adair for faithful discharge of duty. On November 30, 1778, Lord George 
Germaine writes to Adair expressing regret that Adair had declined going to 
America. Dr. Adair died "at his lodgings" in Charles Street, St. James's Square, 
London, September 9, 1794. — Albany Land Papers; British Army List; Carleton 
Papers; Genealogist Vol IL, p. 39. 



1759 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 55 

95 LIEUTENANT JAMES BAILLIE. 

In the pamphlet of 1770 the name of this member appears as above. No 
Lieutenant of that name was in the British army in America in 1759 nor in the 
provincial troops. There were, however, two Lieutenants Baillie, Alexander and 
William, and both of the 60th resjiment, who were in New York in that year, but 
it seems impossible to write either of these names in such a manner that any 
Secretary could decipher it as James. 

Alexander received his commission as Lieutenant in 1758, served through 
the campaign and went on half-pay in 1763. In 1764 he was in Basseterre, St. 
Christopher, and became known to Lord Adam Gordon. He was called to the 
colours in 1771 as Lieutenant in the 21st or Royal North British Fusiliers. In 
1776 he became Captain in the 96th and the regiment sailed from Ireland to the 
relief of Quebec and was with Burgoyne at the surrender of Saratoga. In 1790 
he was raised to the rank of Major and apjx)inted as Captain of a company of 
Invalids in the Island of Jersey. In 1794 he became Colonel in the army, his 
name appearing on the Army list up to 1814. 

William was appointed Lieutenant in the 60th in 1756 and Captain in 1760, 
was wounded at Martinique in 1762 and retired on half-pay in 1763. One Cap- 
tain William was appointed in 1781 Captain in the Royal American regiment of 
Provincials and settled on the River St. John near Fredericton, New Brunswick. 

The only James Bailie who might have been our member was James, second 
son of Hugh of Dochfour and Amelia, daughter of Eraser of Relig, who was 
born in 1737, married Colina, daughter and co-heiress of Colin Campbell of 
Glenure and Janet, daughter of Hugh Mackay of Bighouse. This gentleman 
became a merchant in Grenada and may have been on his way there in 1759 mak- 
ing New York a port of call as was usually done. On retirement from business 
he returned and became Member of Parliament for Horsham in Sussex and died 
at his seat at Ealing Grove, Middlesex, September 7, 1793. 



96 JOHN CAMPBELL. JUNIOR. 

In the pamphlet of 1770 the above appeared with no date of membership 
attached. It is therefore arbitrarily entered under the date of 1759 the better 
to fit the ascertained facts. John Campbell was apparently related to Malcolm 
Campbell, member 1756, our Treasurer for a time. In 1758 John collected pay- 
ment for all the effects of Lord Loudoun sold at public sale. In 1759 he carried 
on a woolen and linen drapery business in Smith Street at the house of Mr. Ches- 
lin opposite Mr. Proctor, the watchmaker. On May 1, 1760, he removed thence 
into the house of Mr. Henry Holland, next door to Messrs. De Lancey & Rob- 
inson, by the Royal Exchange, where he sold British and India goods, London 
porter and cheese. In Weyman's Gaccttc of June 8, 1761, appeared the follow- 
ing advertisement, "All persons indebted to John Campbell, late of this City, 
Merchant, are requested to pay the same to Malcolm Campbell of said City, im- 



S6 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1759 

mediately, otherwise they must expect to be prosecuted without further notice." 
The wording of the advertisement would lead one to infer that Campbell left New 
York and not that he was dead. He probably joined the army in some capacity. 
No later references have been found. 



97 MAJOR JAMES CLEPHANE. 

Major Clephane was a son of William, younger son of George of Carslogie, 
Fifeshire. He had been an officer in a Scottish regiment in the Dutch service, 
was taken prisoner at Sluys in 1747 and carried off to Dijon in Burgundy. He 
was shortly exchanged and put in command of Stewart's regiment at the garri- 
son of Tournay. Tired of Holland he got transferred and probably through the 
influence of his brother-in-law. Rose of Kilravock, he received a commission in 
the 78th on condition of his raising a company. He received the appointment of 
Major of the 2nd Battalion. The business of recruiting went on merrily in the 
earlier months of 1757. The Major wrote to his brother, "One day at Inverness, 
next day return to Kilravock, and a third day at Nairn, and so on alternately and 
often reviewing my recruits, and Kilravock and I engaging good men and dis- 
missing worse." The Major's finesse is shown by the following minute of the 
Nairn Town Council. — 20th April, 1757. — "Whilst the Council had under con- 
sideration the condition of the streets a letter was laid before them from James 
Clephane, Esq., First Major to the Second Battalion of Fraser's Highlanders, 
directed to Mr. Alexander Ore of Knockoudie, Treasurer of the Burgh, wherein 
was enclosed five Guineas gifted by that worthy gentleman brother to Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth Clephane, Lady Kilravock, and freeman Burgess and Guild brother, as a 
token of his friendship, for being applied towards repairing the street. The 
which letter being read, the Council in testimony of the high value they set on 
his friendship and of their due esteem and sincere affection for him do appoint 
and ordain their clerk to record said letter in the Council Book and lodge the 
original among the Town's papers." Major Clephane was able to send off to 
Glasgow a company of one hundred and twenty-four recruits raised, (he wrote 
to his brother) "by my worthy friend Kilravock and a few other friends, without 
any assistance from Colonel Fraser or his officers, as good hearty young fellows 
as are to be seen in any regiments and all as willing and cheerfully engaged as 
is possible for any men to be." He and his men were at the Siege of Louisburg 
and saw much fighting. At the conclusion of the war many of the men remained 
in Canada while the Major returned to be merry with his friends in Nairn. He 
sold out of the army in 1760, and three years later was elected a member of the 
Nairn Town Council. In 1765 he was unanimously elected Provost of Nairn, 
which office he held for several years. He was a type of the rollicking soldier 
of the day. The village of Clephantown still preserves his name. He died in 
May, 1768. — George Bain's "History of Nairnshire" ; Eminent Men of Fife. 



759 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 57 

)8 DAVID COLDEN, M. D. 

Manager 1760-62; 1763-65. 

David Colden, youngest son of Liei:t.-Governor Cadwallader Golden, was 
3orn at Coldenhani, N. Y., November 2, 1733, (O. S). He was bred a pbysician 
)ut never practiced bis profession, except among his friends and neiglibours. 
\fter May, 1761, he lived at Spring Hill, Flushing, Long Island, and acted as bis 
'ather's private secretary. Like his father he devoted much of his time to scien- 
;ific pursuits, corresponding with Dr. Franklin and other learned men of his 
lime, both in Europe and America, on various philosophical subjects. On learn- 
ng that James McEvers, Distributor of Stamps, had resigned his office in 1765, 
le addressed the Commissioner of the Stamp Office at London, asking for the 
ippointment. He expressed his sense of the odium and danger which the ap- 
jointment involved, but pleaded that, as his father was determined to enforce 
:he Act, he himself must necessarily assume the office of Distributor, and that 
t was but fair if he incurred the risk he should reap the advantages of the emolu- 
nents. At his father's death he inherited the paternal seat at Flushing. Hav- 
ing adhered to the Crown he signed an address to Governor Tryon, October, 
1776, and was attainted in 1779. He was appointed July 15, 1780, Assistant 
Master of the Rolls and Superintendent of Police on Long Island, with equity 
powers. In 1783 he went to England to seek compensation for the loss of his 
Droperty confiscated by the State Legislature. He died in London, July 10, 1784, 
ind was buried in the private grounds of St. Ann's Church, Sobo, Westminster, 
where a monument, erected by his friends, commemorates his virtues and tlie 
esteem in which he was held by all who knew him. He married Ann, daughter 
Df John Willet of Flushing, on February 27th, 1767. She returned to this country 
with her children, one son, Cadwallader David, and four daughters, and died at 
Coldenham, in the month of August, 1785. — Thompson's Hist, of Long Island, 
Vol. II., p. T, and N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rcc, Vol. IV., p. 178. 



99 DAVID GEMMEL. 

David Gemmel in 1758 was of the firm of Johnston & Gemmel at William 
Kennedy's house near the new Ferry stairs. In the following year he was at 
the same place but on his own account, and dealt in European and East Indian 
goods. He was drowned August 2, 1763, crossing Wright's Ferry and was 
buried at Constable Point, N. J. 

\His name appears as "Gammell" on Roll.] 



100 GOVERNOR JAMES GLEN. 

James Glen, born at Linlithgow in 1701, was educated at the Lhiiversity of 
Leyden, and on returning home held several political offices. In December, 1738, 
he was commissioned Governor of South Carolina, but, holding at that time the 



58 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1759- 

post of Seignories in Scotland, did not arrive in the Province till December 19,, 
1743. He was a man of considerable knowledge and abilit\-, courteous and polite, , 
and exceedingly fond of military parade and ostentation. He entertained friendly 
relations with the Cherokee Indians and in the fall of 1753 visited their country 
and concluded a treaty by which an immense extent of their territory was ceded 
to the King. During his administration the principles of constitutional govern- 
ment were advanced by drawing the line more sharply between its legislative, 
executive and judicial branches, and by formally separating and defining the 
respective functions and limitations of each. Governor Glen administered the 
Colony till June, 1756, when he was superseded. In 1761 he published in London 
A Description of South Carolina. His son John became first Chief Justice of 
Georgia and died in 1816. The death of the Governor has not been noted. — 
Nat. Cy. of Biog. 



101 THOMAS GORDON. 

Manager 1766-1772. • j 

Thomas Gordon was the eldest son of James Gordon (1695-1765), a mer- 
chant of Garmouth, Morayshire. His mother was Margaret, daughter of John 
Cruickshank, Auchmadies, Boharm, Chamberlain to the Laird of Grant. From 
the fact that Thomas had two cousins, Thomas and Patrick Gordon, who were ] 
watchmakers in Edinburgh, he probably learned his trade there. There was a 
Thomas Gordon apprenticed to Patrick Gordon, Edinburgh, in 1748. In due 
course he went to London whence about 1758 he came to New York and opened 
a watchmaker's shop, locating "opposite the Merchants Coffee House." Early 
in 1763 one of this name married Mary Needham. In 1769 Gordon removed to 
Hanover Square, and was there in 1778. No reference to him subsequent to the 
Evacuation has been found, so that he probably returned to Scotland. In 1770 
he was served heir to his father who was a man of means having in 1752 lent 
at interest 2,000 merks to Lord Braco. Gordon left no issue. — Scottish Notes 
and Queries; Smith's Old Scoitish Clockmakers ; The Press. 



102 COLONEL JOHN McDONELL. 

Col. McDonell was the son of Donald, 2nd of Lochgarr\', and Isabel, daugh- 
ter of John Gordon of Glenbucket. He was known as "Younger," not "Junior," 
of Lochgarry. His father Donald was out in the '45, remained in hiding for 
some time and then escaped to France where his family soon followed. In 1747 
John obtained a commission in the French service, in Ogilvie's regiment of Scots 
Guards, and in 1756 was promoted to the rank of Captain. Pining for his native 
land he left France about September 10, 1754, notwithstanding the efforts of his 
father to detain him. Finding this useless the father is said to have called down 
upon him "The Curse of Lochgarry," and to have hurled his dirk after him. 



759 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 59 

riiis story appeared in The Celtic Magazine. He embarked in company with 
^ieut. John Forbes of Skellater on board a sloop belonging to Holy Island and 
anded at Berwick. Tliere they went on board a ship belonging to Limekilns 
md landed at Leith where they waited on General Bland explaining they had 
eave of absence for eight months and that the intent of their coming was to see 
heir friends and attend to some private affairs. They were kept under surveil- 
ance but John made his peace with the Government and received a Captaincy 
n the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, in 1757. He was wounded at the Heights 
>f Abraham. He probably served all through the campaign and on the dis- 
)anding of the regiment at the peace in 1763 he was placed on the half-pay list, 
^ter he joined the 15th regiment as Lieutenant. From that regiment he was 
ransferred to the 71st, Fraser's Highlanders, with the rank of Captain. When 
he 76th or McDonald Highlanders was raised in 1777 he was appointed Lieut. - 
lol. Commanding but on his way home from America to assume the command 
le was captured by an American vessel and kept a prisoner. For his services 
le received from the Government the ancestral estate of Lochgarry, which had 
)een seized on his father's attainder. He built a fine modern mansion on the 
;ite of the old castle which had been burned by Cumberland. His health, how- 
;ver, began to fail and tradition has it that his father's "Curse" was responsible, 
hat the place was haunted by the "puir auld laird's wraith," and that unearthly 
nanifestations so wrought upon his nerves that he closed the house and returned 
o France. He was a man of striking appearance and of elegant manners. He 
vas loved and esteemed by his clansmen. He died unmarried at his lodgings 
lear Leicester Square, London, October 6, 1790, and was buried at Chelsea with 
nilitary honours, and with the customary rites and ceremonies due to a High- 
and chieftain. After the funeral Lord Macdonald did the honours and in the 
ivords of the old chronicler "the funeral dirge was celebrated with the usual 
ibalions." Col. MacDonell was succeeded in the estate of Lochgarry by his 
lephew. Ensign MacDonell of the Buffs. — MacKenzic's History of the Macdon- 
ilds; C!a>i Donald; McLean's Ilii^lilaitdcrs in America-; Scot. N. &■ Q.; Gent. 
Mag; ct al. 

[Name on Roll as Capt. John McDonald, Jr.] 



103 CAPTAIN RANALD McDONELL. 

Ranald McDoiiell was the second son of Alexander, XVIth of Keppoch, and 
fessie, a daughter of Stewart of Appin. His father Alexander fell at Culloden 
whilst endeavouring to rally his retreating clansmen. Alexander was succeeded 
3y his son Angus who later abrogated in favour of his brother Ranald. The 
atter's early efforts were directed to the saving of his estate which the Govern- 
ment attempted to confiscate on the grounds that Alexander of Keppoch had 
Jeen attainted. He raised an action in the Court of Session against the Barons 
Df the Exchequer and eventually was successful in retaining his estate. At this 
period young Keppoch first made the acquaintance of Mungo Campbell, a zealous 



60 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1759 

friend of government and foe of all Jacobites, as became a Campbell, but they 
were fated to meet again as brothers in arms and fellow members of this Society. 
Keppoch received the appointment of Lieutenant in the 78th, Fraser's High- 
landers, in 1757, and was promoted to a Captaincy in 1759. He was wounded 
in the knee at the "Heights of Abraham," Quebec, that same year. He served 
with his regiment throughout the entire campaign until it was disbanded in 1763. 
On October 19, 1763, one of this name received a license in New York to marry 
Catharine Walker. On his return to his native Lochaber Keppoch devoted him- 
self to the erection of the present Keppoch House, a substantial building by the 
side of the river Roy and overlooked by the hill of Mulroy where his grandfather, 
the famous "Coll of the Cows," fought the last clan battle against his old enemies 
the Mackintoshes. He also gave much time and thought to agricultural pur- 
suits and was by no means indifferent to the great Ossianic controversy which 
then raged. In a letter written by him from Keppoch in January, 1764, he 
defended Macpherson and pledged his unqualified faith in the authenticity of the 
poems of the Blind Bard of Selma. He again joined the army, receiving the 
appointment of Captain in the 74th regiment of Foot in 1777, and served with 
his regiment in Jamaica. There he married Sarah Cargill and by her had several 
children. In 1778 he is again in America and we learn from Captain Alexander 
MacDonald of the 84th that on his, MacDonald's, advice and on the plea of ill 
health, Keppoch was permitted by Sir Henry Clinton to sell to a Campbell and 
received i2,000 for his commission. He returned to Keppoch and lived quietly 
until September, 1785, when he died greatly lamented. Drummond-Norrie, how- 
ever, states that he was active in 1793 in raising the Cameron Highlanders. His 
wife, Sarah Cargill, may have been the sister of Richard Cargill, Colonel of the 
St. Thomas's regiment of Foot Militia and representative in the Assembly of 
the Island of Jamaica, and of John Cargill, a merchant of Kingston, both of 
whom were buried in Kingston Cathedral Churchyard. There was also a third 
brother whose name does not appear. The arms on the tombstone are "Gules, 
three martlets, or." — Clan Donald; McLean's Highlanders in America; McDon- 
ald's Letter Book; Monl. Inscrip. of Br. West. Indies; Carleton MSS.; Loyai 
Lochaber. 

[Appears in History as Captain Ronald McDonald.] 



104 KENNETH MACKENZIE, M. D. 

In the pamphlet of 1770, recently discovered, this member's name appeared 
as "Doctor Ken. McKenzie," while in all other records of the Society extant no 
Christian name is given. One of this name, a native of Scotland, was a resi- 
dent of Williamsburg, Virginia, married Joanna, daughter of John Tyler of 
James City and died in 1755. He may have had a son of the same name and 
profession. No doctor of this name, either in civil or military life, has been 
found and therefore it may be that it was a Captain Kenneth McKenzie who 
was in New York about that time. On March 25th, 1763, the New York Post 



1759 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 61 

Office advertised that it had letters awaiting that incHvidual, but Captain Ken- 
neth resided then in Union Street, Philadelphia. In 1771 one Captain Reynold 
McKenzie, an evident misreading of Kenneth, became a member of the Saint 
Antlrew's Society of Philadelphia, and was in all probability the Captain Ken- 
neth above noted. 



105 CAPTAIN NORMAN McLEOD. 

Norman McLeod was the fourth son of Donald, Third of Talisker and Chris- 
;ina, daughter of John, Second of Contullich. He entered the army in January, 
1756, as Ensign in the 42nd Highlanders and served under Lord Loudoun in 
Nova Scotia. On December 27th, 1757, he received a Lieutenancy in the SOth, 
Dr Gage's Liglit Infantry, and served under General Abercromby in the expe- 
;lition against Ticonderoga in 1758. He accompanied the expedition under 
Amherst on Lake Chaiuplain and down the St. Lawrence in 1759-60. He was 
;onuuissioned Captain-Lieutenant of the SOth on October 4th, 1760, and served 
in it till its reduction in 1763, when he went on half-pay, and some time after 
was appointed Commissary at Niagara. In 1766 he petitioned for a grant 
uf 10,000 acres of land in Nova Scotia. In 1770 he received a grant of 3,000 
acres of land. It is probable that it was this Norman who served as Captain 
in tlie Third New Jersey Volunteers receiving his commission in that regiment 
July 24. 1781, his rank of Captain in the army dating from January 20, 1778. 
His name appears on the Half-pay List until 1787 when it was dropped. — Col. 
Doc. VIII., p. 228; Albany Land Grants; Mackenzie's Hist, of the Macleods; 
Acts of Privy Council. 



106 ROBERT MERCER. 

Robert Mercer was a native of Perthshire. He began mercantile life in a 
:ounting house in London. In 1752, in company with John Ramsay, he came to 
New York, and in due time entered into partnership with his friend under the 
style of Mercer & Ramsay, and did business in Pearl Street "at the Sign of the 
Cross Keys near the Fly Market"; in 1771 they advertised as "Importers of Dry 
Goods betwixt the Ferry stairs and Burling's Slip; sell best quality of Indigo and 
inspected tobacco." Mercer took the side of the Crown at the Revolution, while 
Ramsay espoused the American cause and went into exile. Mercer seems to 
[lave carried on the business at No. 34 lower end of Maiden Lane during the 
period of the British occupation of New York. On June 21st, 1786, the firm 
made an assignment of certain of its assets for the purpose of satisfying all 
:laims against it. John Thomson was one of the assignees. On November 2nd, 
Following, "Robert Mercer, a merchant of this City," sailed on the Betsy, Cap- 
iain Mesnard, for London. On March 28th, 1803, John Thomson, the then sur- 
viving assignee, announced that Mercer was dead and that he was prepared to 
make a settlement of the firm's afifairs. He gave no reason for the long del.iy 



62 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1759 

of eighteen years. Scoville in iiis Old Merchants of New York states that Mer- 
cer became Lord Keith on the death of an elder brother. There is no foundation 
for this statement. The Gentleman's Mai^azine of May, 1791, records the death 
of one of this name at Pittendreich, Forfarshire. 



107 LIEUTENANT DAVID MILNE. 

David Mill or Milne received a commission as Lieutenant in the 42nd, July 
19th, 1757, was wounded at Ticonderoga in 1758 and again at Martinique in 
1762. He retired from the army at the peace in 1763 and married a daughter 
of Mr. Hamilton of Hutcheson near Glasgow. — Col. Doc.; Atholl Records. 
[Appears on Roll as Mill and is changed to the above spelling on the authority 

of the Duke of Atholl] 



108 THOMAS OUGSTON. 

Thomas Ougston dealt in European and Indian goods opposite the Fly Mar- 
ket. In 1762 he is found as landlord of the London Coffee House. Ougston is 
an Aberdeenshire name. 

[Name appears on Roll as Anghstun.] 



109 JOHN RAMSAY 

Secretary 1767-70; 1771-72; 1784-85; Manager 1774-75; Treasurer 1767-72. 
John Ramsay was a son of James Ramsay of Perthshire and was born there 
in 1731. The Cruger Genealogical Chart states, however, that John was a native 
of Dundee. After receiving a liberal education in the professions of law and 
physic, he left his home in Scotland, and in companionship with his young 
friend Robert Mercer went up to London, where they entered a counting-house 
together. When John became twenty-one the two friends emigrated to New 
York, and forming a co-partnership under the firm name of Mercer & Ramsay, 
entered into the business of importing dry goods at "the Sign of the Cross Keys 
near the Fly Market." In 1762 their store was in Wall Street. He married in 
1766 Elizabeth Cox, "late widow Marshal," and by her had one son Charles, 
and five daughters. The widow had two daughters by her first husband, Janet, 
who married Alexander Macomb, and Margaret, who married Col. William 
Armstrong, member 1791. On January 21, 1768, in Hugh Gaine's Mercury 
appeared the following advertisement, "Mr. John Ramsay, Merchant in New 
York, near the Fly Market." In 1771 he became a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce. At the breaking out of the war Mercer took the Royalist side 
and the partnership was dissolved. The course of Mr. Ramsay on the approach 
of the struggle was a firm and consistent one. When the British took possession 
of the City he removed to Millbrook, Cortlandtovvn, New York, where he re- 



1759 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 63 

mained on his farm till the close of the war. In 1784 he was re-elected to the 
Chamber of Commerce, and started business again with his brother-in-law John 
Florentine Cox as Ramsay & Cox, at No. 51 Wall Street, opposite Pitt's Statue. 
In 1787 he opened, on his own account, as an auctioneer and commission mer- 
chant at 221 Queen Street, near the upper end of the Fly Market. The name 
of the street was afterwards changed to Pearl Street. In 1797 he was located 
at 135 Greenwich Street and shortly thereafter he must have retired to his farm 
at Cortlandtown. His wife Elizabeth died there April 13th, 1812, and his only 
son Charles "after a lingering illness," on Septeml>er 16th following. Their 
daughter Helen married George Fitzwilliam of Trinidad ; Mary married Alex- 
ander von Pfister; Martha married John Cruger; Isabel married John McComb 
and Betty remained single so far as known. In his latter days Mr. Ramsay 
owned but little property, '"trifling," according to his will, as he had been "unfor- 
tunately concerned with bad people and made many bad debts." His stepdaugh- 
ter, Mrs. Armstrong, was one of his principal creditors. Mr. Ramsay died De- 
cember 1st, 1816, aged eighty-five years. — Old Merchants of New York; the 
Press. 



110 JAMES STORY, M. D. 

Dr. Story was surgeon of the 60th regiment, Royal Americans, receiving 
his appointment thereto April 16th, 1762, and remained with it until 1764 after 
which his name did not appear on the roll of the regiment. 



1760 



111 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES ABERCROMBY. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Abercromby was a son of General James Abercromby of 
Glassaugh, member 1758, and followed his father's profession of arms. He was 
promoted to a captaincy in the 42nd or Royal Highlanders in 1756. In July of 
the following year he was stationed at Fort Edward and thereby was saved the 
mortification of witnessing his father's humiliation at Ticonderoga in 1758. In 
1759 he was appointed aide-de-camp to Major-General Amherst with whom he 
made the campaigns of that and the following year. In July, 1760, he was ap- 
pointed Major of the 78th, Eraser's Highlanders, and in September following 
was employed by Amherst in the negotiations with the Marquis de Vaudreuil for 
the surrender of Montreal. The 78th having been disbanded in 1763 Major 
Abercromby retired on half-pay. In 1770 he again entered into active service as 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 22nd Regiment then serving in America under the com- 
mand of Major-General Gage. He took part in the Battle of Bunker Hill on 
June 17, 1775, leading the charge of the Grenadier Guards, and was fatally 
wounded, dying in Boston seven days later. — Knox's Journal; Col. Doc., Vol. 
VII; Appleton. 

[Appears only in the Honorary List in pamphlet of 1770.] 



64 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1760 

112 CAPTAIN ALLAN CAMERON 

Allan Cameron of Glendessary was appointed Captain in the 77th, Montgom- 
ery's Highlanders, January 22, 1757. His previous service in the army, if any, 
has not been traced. Captain Cameron's connection with the regiment termi- 
nated in 1760 and his membership in this Society was coincident with his com- 
ing to New York to take ship for Scotland, this latter fact furnishing the clue 
to his identity. Allan Cameron, younger brother of John of Glendessary, was 
a son of Allan of Glendessary and Christian, daughter of Sir Ewen Cameron of 
Locheil by his wife Jean, daughter of Col. David Barclay, XVHth of Urie. 
Allan's sister, Jeannie Cameron, became noted in Jacobite song and story for the 
romantic episode of leading the Glendessary men to the "meet" at Glenfinan on 
that August morning in 1745, her name becoming linked thereafter with "Bonnie 
Prince Charlie," Allan's cousin, Alexander of Dungallon, Captain in the 78th, had 
been attainted for his jjart in the "Forty-five," while Allan's part in the Rising has 
not been chronicled, so far as known. Appointments to the Highland regiments 
raised to take part in the French and Indian War were distributed among the 
Jacobite chiefs and lairds, with a view to their political effect upon the peace 
of the Highlands, and the Camerons had to be placated, hence the appointments 
of Allan and Alexander. Having no lawful issue, Dungallon left by will his 
whole estate, heritable and movable, or in our legal phraseology real and personal, 
to his cousin Allan. While Dungallon was at the Siege of Quebec he died of 
fever August 3, 1759, and "was buried in the evening between the colours of 
his regiment." When the news reached Allan, who was with his regiment in 
South Carolina, he threw up his commission and started for home by way of 
New York, in order to protect his interests in the estate of Dimgallon. About 
this time also his brother John, IVth of Glendessary, died without issue and 
Allan was his heir. Allan therefore had a double reason for returning. On 
May 18, 1763, he was served heir male to his grandfather, John, lid of Glendes- 
sary, and on the same day to his cousin Alexander of Dungallon. Very little 
is known of Allan's career thereafter. Fraser-Mackintosh, in his Antiquarian 
Notes, states that he had found traces of Allan as living in Edinburgh in 1770, and 
it is inferred from the notice in the Scots Magacinc that he was present at his 
sister's funeral in June, 1772. 



113 MAJOR JAMES CAMPBELL. 

Major Campbell, youngest son of Lachlan Campbell of Kintra, Island of 
Islay, Argyleshire, Scotland, and "Campbell Hall," Ulster County. New York., 
was born in New York October 30, 1738. He was appointed Ensign in the 
4Sth, Colonel Daniel Webb's regiment of foot, in 1758; Lieutenant in 1760, 
Quartermaster in 1774, Captain-Lieutenant in 1775, Captain in 1775, Brevet- 
Major in the army in 1783, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1794, Major 48th 
regiment in 1795, now known as the Northamptonshire regiment. Having 



1760 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 65 

served for 38 years lie retired by sale of liis commission December 20, 1796. 
Campbell was present with his reyiment at tlie reduction of Louisburg in 1758. 
at the assault and capture of Quebec in 1759, remained in Canada during that 
winter, and in April, 1760, took part, under General Murray, in what is known 
as the Battle of Sillery, where "he was shot through the Arm and Body, from 
which he suffered great distress and expense, having had his Side laid open five 
different times." His next service was at the taking of Martinique and he was 
at the ca])ture of Havana in 1762, returning to Great Britain in 1763. After 
spcn(Hng ten years in Ireland he again embarked for the West Indies and did 
not return until January, 1781. Between 1794 and 1796 he was employed in 
the West Indies and assisted at the capture of the Islands of Maviini(|uc, St. 
Lucia and Guadaloupc. Major Campbell died in London. — Sir Duiiran Camp- 
bell of Bavcaldinc : Loyalist Papers; Laehlan's Family Bible. 



1 14 COLONEL JOHN CAMPBELL. 

Colonel Campbell of Glcndarucl was appointed Ensign in the 42nd, Royal 
Highlanders, in 1745, Lieutenant in 1748, Captain-Lieutenant in 1759, Captain 
in 1760, Captain 27th Inniskilling regiment in 1762, Major Superintendent of 
Indian Affairs in Quebec in 1773, Lieutenant-Colonel in 1777, and Colonel in 
1790. He had a long and meritorious service with his regiment, the 42nd High- 
landers, in all its campaigns, from the Rebellion in 1745 to the attack on Ticon- 
deroga, where he was wounded on the 8th of July, 1758. Captain Allan Camp- 
bell, writing to his brother, John Campbell of Barcaldine, dated New York, 
January 6, 1759, says "Jock Campbell, Glendaruel, was one of the wounded 
officers at Ticondcroga, who was out of all danger, only their cure will be tedi- 
ous." He also took part in the conquest of Canada, Martinique and Havana. 
He subsequently served as Captain in the 27th regiment in the expedition com- 
manded by General Burgoyne, at the head of a number of Indians, and was 
"distinguished for his spirited conduct as an officer, adorned by that elegance and 
politeness which mark the accomplished gentleman, and his virtues in private life 
endeared him to his family and companions." He died at Montreal, aged 64 
years, on the 23rd day of June, 1795. "His remains were attended to the grave in 
a manner suitable to his rank, not only by a very numerous assembly of citizens of 
all ranks, but by a large body of Indian warriors, whose very decent behaviour 
evinced the sincerity with which they partook of the universal regret occasioned 
l>y the loss of so very respectable a member of Society." — Major Sir Dunean 
Campbell of Barcaldine ; Bighouse Papers; et al. 

\Thls officer has heretofore been believed as of the family of Glenlxon and 
Scottish histories so designate him. Major Sir Duncan Campbell, howcz'er, is 
authority for the statnnent that Lieutenant John Campbell of Clenlyon ex- 
changed into the Marines in the vear 1755.1 



66 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1760 

115 BRIGADIER PATRICK GORDON. 

Captain Patrick, or Peter, Gordon, these Christian names being synonymous 
in those days, was a son of George Gordon of Troquhain, who died in 1759 and 
to whom Patrick was served heir. In 1741 he was appointed Ensign in the 2nd 
battalion of the 1st regiment, known as Royal Scots. He served in the Carthagena 
expedition, being one of the forty officers who returned to England. In 1742 he 
was promoted to a lieutenantcy and in 1755 he was promoted to Captain-Lieuten- 
ant. On February 16, 1756, he became Captain. Up to this time the regiment was 
in Ireland. In 1758 it came to America. On June 27, 1760, Captain Gordon was 
wounded during an engagement with the Cherokee Indians, near Indian Town, 
Etchoez, while in command of the baggage guard. It is then said that he wrote 
on July 2nd from Fort Prince George, Quebec. In those days it was impossible that 
he could have gone to Quebec from Georgia in five days. It is only possible iii 
these days of express trains. The explanation is that there was a fort of the 
same name in Georgia. On August 26, 1760, he was granted a leave of absence 
which was extended for six months, on April 2, 1761. While on his way home he 
stayed for a short period in New York, when he became a member of the Society. 
In the History of the regiment he is designated Captain Peter. In October, 1761, 
he received the appointment of Major in the 108th Foot and in 1763 he was placed 
on half-pay. In 1772 he was gazetted Pirevet Lieutenant-Colonel and in 1776 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the 29th Foot and sailed for the relief of Quebec. Shortly 
after landing he was placed in command of a brigade consisting of the 21st, 29th 
and 62nd regiments. On July 24th he was fatally wounded between La Prairie 
and St. John's by Lieutenant Benjamin Whitcomb of Burrell's regiment, whose 
account of the incident is published in the American ArcJih'es, iifth series, Vol. I. 
Major Everard, in his History of Farrington's regiment, tells the story thus : 

"Brigadier Gordon, having been to see Lord Petersham, who, with the 29th 
Grenadiers, was stationed at St. John's, was passing through a small wood on his 
way back to his quarters at La Prairie, when he was shot at and severely wounded 
by Lieutenant Whitcomb, Connecticut Rangers, who had offered his services to 
venture through the wood and bring in prisoner an English officer ; he had sta- 
tioned himself among the thickest copses between La Prairie and St. John's. The 
first officer who chanced to pass was Gordon, mounted on a high-spirited horse, 
and Whitcomb, thinking there was little probability of seizing him, fired, . . 
two balls entering the shoulder. Gordon did not lose his seat, and the horse, 
setting off at a gallop, brought him to the first settlement, where he was discovered 
nearly insensible by an officer's servant, who, taking him ofif his saddle, conveyed 
him on a cart to the quarters of Lieutenant Hepburne, 21st regiment, where every 
attention was paid him. After suffering extreme agony, he died August 1, 1776, 
and was buried at Montreal. When Whitcomb returned to Ticonderoga and 
informed General St. Clair, who commanded there, how he had acted, the latter 
expressed his disapprobation in the highest terms." Jones, in the Campaign for 
the Conquest of Canada, states that there was great indignation in the American 
army over the fact that the assassin was retained in the service. Brigadier Gordon 



1760 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 67 

was unmarried and his brother Alexander succeeded to the estate in 1780. — 

Gordons Under Arms, No. 1137; Ford; Br. Army Lists. 

[Captain Peter Gordon of Nezv Jersey, formerly identified as our member, 
did not become a Captain until 1776, and as the pamphlet of 1770, recently 
discovered, styles our member Captain, that identification had to be abandoned, 
leavin^^ the aboire as the only Captain of the name in America in 1760.] 



116 JAMES LAW 

In 1761 Robert and James Law advertised a sale of European and Indian and 
other dry goods at their store in Hanover Square, lately occupied by Mr. Lintot. 
In the latter part of the year James advertised that he was "intending for Europe" 
and desired to have all indebtedness paid up. In 1762 the firm moved to a new 
store "opposite the Cross Keys, near the Fly Market," and an advertisement stated 
that there had been added to their line of goods "Delf and Stone Ware of all kinds," 
Drinking Glasses and Decanters of all sorts and Fine Bottled Beer." In the same 
year they became associated with one Graham, as Laws and Graham, with a store 
on Crommelin's Wharf, and this firm dealt in the same line of goods. In Novem- 
ber, 1763, a notice appeared in the Mercury that indicated that the firm was 
closing its business, and thereafter no references of any kind have been found. 
[This name appears in the history as John Law.] 



117 CAPTAIN GILBERT McADAM. 

Captain McAdam was the second son of James and Margaret (Reid) Mc- 
Adam, and brother of William, eleventh President of the Society. His mother 
was a daughter of John Reid of Mid Helliar. He was appointed Lieutenant 60th, 
Royal Americans, in 1755, and became aide-de-camp to Lord Loudoun in 1757. 
He married in September, 1757, Mrs. Sarah Cunningham, daughter of Christo- 
pher Kilby, an army contractor, and had issue. In 1771 he was granted 3,000 
acres of land in Essex, Crittenden County, Vermont. Some time after the war 
he returned to Ayrshire, where he died. i 



118 CAPTAIN DONALD McKIRDY 

Captain McKirdy, or McCurdy, was master of the snow Barrini^ton, of Glas- 
gow, and was in New York on St. Andrew's Day, 1760, and again in 1761. He 
traded between New York, Greenock and Glasgow. 

[Name appears on Roll as Donald McCurdy.] 



68 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1760 

119 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL WILLIAM MARTIN. 

William Martin became a Captain in the Royal Artillery April 2, 1757. In 
1758 he had been captured by the French and in November was exchanged at 
Fort Edward. In 1760 he was in command of the 4th Battalion of the Royal 
Artillery with headquarters in New York. General Wolfe, writing to Lord 
George Sackville, states that Martin had served with him at the Siege of Louis- 
burg and that "he had the greatest reason to be satisfied with every part of his 
conduct." Martin also served in America during the Revolution. On August 29, 
1777, he became Lieutenant-Colonel in the army, in October, 1782, he was gazetted 
acting Brigadier-General in America, and on November 20, following, received the 
rank of Colonel. In July of that year he suggested to Sir Guy Carleton a plan for 
ending the war which, in his judgment, would have forced the people to sue for 
terms, a plan which probably was not practicable. On October 12, 1793, he was 
raised to the rank of Major-General and later to that of Lieutenant-General. He 
died July 12, 1799, at his residence in Queen Anne Street, London. — Pattison's 
Letters; IVillson's Life of Wolfe; Army List; Gent. Mag.; Penn. Gas.; Carleton 
Papers. 



120 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALEXANDER MURRAY. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Murray was the son of Alexander Murray of Cringletie. 
Peeblesshire, Sheriff Depute of Peebles and member of Parliament for the County 
in three several Parliaments. His mother, Catharine Stewart, was a daughter of 
Sir Robert Stewart of Tillicoultry. Colonel Murray was born about the year 
1724 and married in 1749 Clarion, daughter of Sir James Stewart, Bart., of 
Goodtrees. In due course he entered the army and we find him commissioned 
Major of the 45th Foot in 1755. The regiment was then in America, where it 
had been actively engaged. At that time Murray was in command at Fort Ed- 
ward. He was served heir to his father February 9, 1757. He seems to have been 
a favourite and protege of General James Wolfe, the hero of Quebec, who tried 
to secure him promotion, at that time a very difficult problem. Wolfe, writing 
to Murray from London, under date of January 28, 1759, states, "I wish it was 
as much in my power to assist you as I am inclined to do and as I know you 
deserve. In speaking of our short campaign, it has fallen in my way sometimes 
to do you justice; the consequence of which is that you are to command a little 
battalion of Grenadiers, with rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, in America." This 
battalion was made up of the grenadier companies of the 22nd, the 40th and 45th 
regiments and was known as the Louisburg Grenadiers. Both at the siege of 
Louisburg and the capture of Quebec Murray acquitted himself like a brave 
officer. After Quebec he was for some time cantoned in the village of L'Ange 
Gardien, four leagues below Quebec, covering a body of Highlanders and Rangers 
employed in destroying the country, which he describes as the finest, most fnn'tful 
and best inhabited he had seen in America. He adds : "I am quartered in a fine 
church, which I have fortified, and, as it is all stone, is a very strong castle, and 



17()0 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 69 

am lodged in the vcslry. The church and village take their name from two angels, 
under whose wings my hannnock hangs. We have not hurt any of their orna- 
ments, as the General has excepted everything sacred in his orders for destroying 
the country." In 1760 Murray received the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the S5th 
regiment and in 1761 he was transferred to the 48th regiment with the same rank. 
He took part in the e.xpedition to Martinique, and while the army was collecting 
in New York Colonel Murray joined the Society. After the island was reduced 
he died there in March. 1762, and his will was recorded in Edinburgh, May 7, 
1763. He left issue two sons, Alexander, a Major in the Light Dragoons, and 
James Wolfe, who became Lord Cringletie, Senator of the College of Justice in 
1S16. The second son, who was a godson of General Wolfe, succeeded his father 
in the estate of Cringletie and left three sons, all of whom bore the middle name 
of Wolfe. — Heraldry of the Murray's; Ford; Burke; Baronage of Scotland; 
Wright's and Bccklcs Willson's Life of Wolfe. 



121 COLONEL THOMAS NEWTON 

Colonel Newton was the son of Thomas and Amy (Hutchings) Newton and 
grandson of George (whose name appears on the Royal Charter of the Borough 
of Norfolk, \a.), and Aphie (Efifie or Euphemia?) Wilson, his wife. Colonel 
Newton, no doubt, traced his Scottish ancestry to his grandmother. In 1763, 
while in New York, he advertised from the house of Samuel Deall a choice cargo 
of Vidonia wines. He married Martha Tucker and by her had two sons, Thomas 
and George. He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Norfolk County 
from 1765 to 1775 and member of the Conventions of 1775 and 1776. In 1786 he 
was Mayor of Norfolk and afterwards became Collector of the Por-t. In 1792 ona 
Rivardi, writing to the Governor, said, "I wish to God there were ten men like 
him in Norfolk." He died in Norfolk, September 11, 1807. — Va. Biog., J'ol. I; 
Cat. J 'a. State Papers. 



122 CAPTAIN NORMAND TOLMIE. 

Manager, 1766-1772. 

Captain Tolmie was a native of the Isle of Skye and naturally took to a sea- 
faring life. In 1756 he made his home in New York and acquired a residence 
[here in 1760. He was a merchant trader between New York, Antigua and Lon- 
don. From 1760 to 1764 he sailed successively the sloops Yonkers, Samuel, Tzvo 
Brothers and the snow Crcighton. His voyages to Antigua were principally for 
salt; the Crcighton, however, carried passengers. He married, July, 1761, Phocl>e, 
daughter of Thomas Barnes, who inherited from her father considerable property 
find on part of it built a wharf long known as Tolmie's Wharf. At this wharf 
Ihe prison ship Jersey lay for a long period. Until the outbreak of the Revolu- 
lion he ab'O carried on a ship chandlery and by his own testimony in London in 



70 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1760 

1783 was worth t6,000 sterling, had lands worth £5,000 and personal property | 
worth £7,000, New York currency. On the breaking out of the disturbance in ' 
New York he fled to Long Island and from there joined the British troops at 
Staten Island. He was present as a volunteer in General Grant's division at the 
Battle of Long Island. On the occupation of New York by the British he was 
appointed by Governor Tryon, October 12, 1776, Captain of an Independent 
Company, known as the Highland Volunteer Militia, which served without pay. 
A newspaper item says that in 1778, "on St. Andrew's Day, the Highland Vol- 
unteer Militia, in their Highland uniform, led by Captain Normand Tolmie, paid 
their Compliments to his Excellency, the Commander-in-Chief, by whom they 
were received with great politeness." He was appointed in 1777 by Major-Gen- 
cral Robertson (a fellow member) Superintendent of the Watch in the Montgom- 
ery Ward for the prevention of incendiarism. There was no lack of zeal and 
activity on his part in support of the government. In 1783 he was in London 
pressing his claims for compensation for his losses and stating in his Memorial 
that he was "at present without support." He was granted the munificent pension 
of £40 per annum, but the carefulness of the Commissioners can be appreciated 
when this rider was added to their award, "to cease, however, if the Americans 
observed the Treaty." I presume Captain Tolmie had to get along on his £40 
per annum, as the Treaty was not "observed," but the Government was not long 
burdened with him, his will being probated in New York, April 1, 1788. His 
widow, Phoebe Tolmie, returned to England and lived and died in Chelsea. — 
Loyalist MSS.; The Press. 



123 COLONEL JOHN YOUNG. 

Colonel Young, before coming to America, had been in the Dutch service. 
On April 26, 1751, he was promoted from Major of the 60th to be brevet Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the same regiment, with the promise of being Governor of 
\^irginia. On coming to America he was sent to Fort William Henry. When 
besieged by the French the commandant. Colonel George Munro, sent Young lo 
make terms with the Marquis of Montcalm. In the capitulation Montcalm ex- 
pressly gave permission to Young to act as Governor of Virginia, but not to serve 
in tlie army. Charles Lee, writing to an unknown lord shortly after the capitula- 
tion, indulges in bitter sarcasm and unworthy innuendo with regard to Young, 
who was practically in command, Munro being a sick man ; but after events 
showed that Lee was alone in his opinion. After the surrender and massacre, so 
vividly told by Cooper in his Last of the Mohicans, Young was shamefully 
stripped and plundered by the Indians and rescued by a French grenadier, and it 
is a curious fact that in 1759, on the reduction of Quebec, he recognized and 
recovered some of his property. In 1758 he commanded the 2nd Battalion of 
the 60th regiment at the Siege of Louisburg, and was appointed Lieutenant-Col- 
onel of his regiment, with the rank of Colonel in America, and in the campaign 
against Quebec in 1759, commanded the 3rd Battalion. On the capture of that 
city he was appointed Judge of Police, in which office he acquitted himself with 



760 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 71 

lonour, to the general satisfaction of the British traders settled there and to the 
;^rench inhabitants. He was taken prisoner by the Indians in the attack on Mont- 
■eal in 1760, and again was rescued with difficulty by a French grenadier, who 
ihivalrously refused any recompense. He was mentioned in the correspondence 
)etween General Murray and the Chevalier de Levis. While commanding the 
)Oth Colonel Young was Deputy Grand Master of the Freemasons of Scotland 
,nd the regiment had its lodge of Freemasonry, styled Lodge No. 7, which worked 
mder a traveling warrant. In 1761 he exchanged into the 46th Foot; in 1762 he 
vas promoted to be Colonel in the army, and died in November following. He 
vas, says Knox, "a man of great merit, an incomparable officer, of sound judg- 
nent, long experience, and was universally esteemed." — Lee Papers; Applclon; 
'^etcr Ross; the Press. 



1761 



124 MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM ALEXANDER. 

President, 1761-64. 

William Alexander was horn at 67 Broad Street, in New York City, in 1726 
aid died at Albany, January 15, 1783. He engaged in the provision business 
vith his mother, the widow of David Provoost. In connection with his business 
'oung Alexander joined the British army in the commissariat department and 
lecame aide-de-camp to Governor Shirley. His journey to England in 1756 was 
mdertaken in order to give testimony on behalf of Governor Shirley, who was 
;harged with neglect of duty. He wrote The Conduct of Major-Gencral Shirley 
3ricf{y Stated and rln Account of the Comet of June and July, 1770. In 1757 he 
prosecuted without success before the House of Lords his claim to the earldom of 
Stirling. He married Sarah, daughter of Philip Livingston, by whom he had two 
laughters, Mary, who married Robert Watts, and Catherine, who took as her first 
uisband William Duer and as her second William Neilson. He held the office 
)f Surveyor-General and was also a member of the Provincial Council. The former 
jffice had belonged to his father, James Alexander, formerly an adherent of Prince 
Zharlie, who had come to America, risen to be Colonial Secretary in New York 
ind died in 1756, leaving a large fortune. At the breaking out of the Revolution 
\lexander was an ardent patriot and entered the Revolutionary army in October, 

1775, as Colonel of the Battalion of East New Jersey, called the "Jersey Blues." 
^e distinguished himself by the capture in New York harbour of the British 
irmed transport Blue Mountain Valley, for which exploit Congress, in March, 

1776, appointed him a Brigadier-General. At the Battle of Long Island, August 
16, 1776, his brigade, ordered by General Putnam to attack a greatly superior 
'orce, was nearly cut to pieces and he himself was taken prisoner. He was soon 
:xchanged and in December, 1776, was left in command at New York when Lee 
Tiarched to succour Philadelphia. In February, 1777, he was promoted to the rank 



72 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

of Major-General. At Trenton he received the surrender of a Hessian regiment. 
At Metuchen, on June 24, 1777, he awaited an attack contrary to Washington's 
orders, his position was turned and his division defeated with a loss of two guns • 
and 150 men. At the battles of Brandywine and Germantown he acted with 
bravery and discretion. At the Battle of Monmouth he displayed tactical judg- 
ment in posting his batteries and repelled with heavy loss an attempt to turn his 
flank. In 1779, when in command in New Jersey, he surprised a British force at 
Paulus Hook. In 1781 he commanded at Albany. He died of gout five days 
after the preHminaries of peace had been agreed upon. He was one of the found- 
ers of Columbia College, called King's College before the Revohition, and became 
its first Governor. He was proficient in mathematics and astronomy. — Applet on; 
ct al. 



125 WILLIAM BRUCE, M. D. 

Dr. Bruce was a surgeon in the Royal Artillery and had a brother, Archibald, 
a surgeon in the Royal Navy. He married Judith, daughter of Nicholas Bayard, 
and grand-daughter of Jactib Leisler, well known in New York in pre-Revolu- 
tion days. By her he had three children, Thomas Gage, Elizabeth Rynders and 
Archibald, who was born after April 14, 1773, the date of Dr. Bruce's will, as he 
is not mentioned therein. The son Archibald followed in his father's footsteps, 
entered the medical profession, and in course of time became a member of this 
Society. Dr. Bruce was appointed January 2, 1776, Surgeon to the General Hos- 
pital, and on Christmas Day of that year Extra Physician on the Staff, and subse- 
quently head of the Medical Department of the British army in New York. In 
the fall of 1778 he accompanied the Expedition to St. Lucia, West Indies, under 
General Grant, as Physician to the Field Hospital, and died there November 15, 
1779. On January 10, 1782, General Sir Henry Clinton wrote from New York 
to the War Office in London recommending for assistance "the destitute family 
of Dr. Bruce." Dr. Bruce's wife, Judith, seems to have been a widow when she 
married the doctor, as her will, dated January 9, 1813, speaks of her son, John J. 
Van Rensselaer, who pre-deceased her and grandchildren of the same name. 



126 COLONEL ALEXANDER CAMPBELL. 

Colonel Campbell, eldest son of Captain John Campbell. Vth of Barcaldine, 
was born in the year 1729. His mother was Margaret, daughter of John Campbell 
of Keithock. Though but sixteen years of age he served as a volunteer in the 
Argyleshire Militia during the Rising of 1745-6. where his behaviour was such as 
to procure him a company in the Expedition to the East Indies under Admiral 
Boscawen. his commission as Captain being dated June 2, 1747. He took part in 
the attack on the Mauritius, the attack and capture of Ariancopang, August 26, 
1748, and the siege of Pondicherry. In a letter to his parents under date of Fort 



31 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 73 

. David, October 15, 1748, after describing tbe campaign, he implored them to 
t him into a Marching Regiment, "as he'd as soon live in Hell as in India." In 
50 he was placed on half-pay. but in 1753 he was again called to the colours 

Captain in the 1st Royal regiment of Foot, now the Royal Scots, the regiment 
ing quartered in Kilkenny, Ireland. In 1757 he was appointed Major in the 
th. Montgomery's Highlanders, emlxirking at Greenock for Halifax. At the 
mmcncenient of operations in 1758 the regiment proceeded to New York and 
;nce to Philadelphia, where it was quartered in the Barracks familiarly called 
imi)town. He served throughout the war from 1757 to 1763, including the 
:ack and capture, on September 11, 1758, of Fort Duquesne (where the city of 
ttsburgh now stands) under Brigadier-General Forbes, in which the regiment 
fFered severely. Captain Allan Campbell (member, 1762), writing to his 
other Barcaldine from New York under date of January 6, 1759, says: "I had 
letter dated the 30th of November from my Nephew, The Major, From where 
)rt du Quesne stood, he was then very well . . . expect daly to here from him 

. He's had as troublesom and fatiqueing Campaign of it as Ever any Body 
d Our army has been about a Month in Winter Quarters before thrs got to 
)rt du Ouesney which the French Burnt upon their near approach And an 
mense long March they had to get back to Philadelphia where ther Regiment 

be quarter'd this Winter. And where I intend to go to see him when I here 

his arrival Tis about 100 Miles From this place, that our Regt (42nd) is now 
.larter'd in." Captain Campbell took part in the reduction of Ticonderoga in 
ly and Crown Point in August, 1759, under General Amherst; the aiifair with 
2 Cherokee Indians in 1760 and the surrentler of Montreal in September of that 
ar. In April, 1761, he embarked at Halifax for New York and at tliis time 
came a member of the Society. His next appointment was the Licutenant- 
)Ionelcy of the 'J5th. Colonel Burton's regiment, raised in 1760 in South Carolina 

an independent corps for service in the expedition to the West Indies under 
)rd Albemarle. With this regiment he took part in the capture of Martinique, 
iril, 1762, and the siege and capture of Havana in July of the same year. At 
e peace in 1763 he was placed on half-pay. On November 16, 1774, he received 
e appointment of Deputy Governor of Fort George, near Nairn, Scotland, and 

1777 became Colonel in the army. He married, August 1, 1765, Helen, daugh- 
r of George Sinclair, and sister of Sir John Sinclair, Baronet, of Ulbster. 
jlonel Campbell died at Bath, England, April 22, 1779, and was buried in Bath 
bbey. — Burke; Bighousc Papers; Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine. 



\7 DANIEL CAMPBELL. 

Daniel Cam])bell, of Scottish descent, was born in Ireland, September 19, 

'30. In the year 1754, while in his 24th year, he came to Schenectady and 

immenced business as an Indian trader. With little capital, but with abundant 

lergy, honesty and business acumen, he shouldered his pack and strode forth 



74 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 17611 

into the wilderness to make his fortune. At the commencement of the Revohition 
he was reputed to have amassed considerable wealth and had become a man of 
consequence in the district. In 1762 he erected his home in Schenectady, which 
is still in existence and is known as No. 101 State Street. He was an intimate friend 
of Sir William Johnson of Johnson Hall and eventually one of his executors. 
In 1771 he was one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas for Albany 
County, of which Schenectady was then a part. That same year he attended a 
Congress of the Six (Indian) Nations. When the Revolution broke out he 
became in consequence of his wealth a marked man. In 1775 he was granted a 
permit by the Committee of Safety to go to Canada on private business. In 1776 
he was refused a recommendation from the Board for permission to obtain a pass 
from General Schuyler to forward goods up the country. In May, 1777, he was 
"recommended" to the field officers as a dangerous person. On May 22 he vol- 
untarily took an oath that he would take up arms in defence of the country in 
case of any invasion. On July 30th he was ordered arrested and to appear before 
the State Committee for refusing to receive Continental currency in payment of a 
debt. On May 1, 1778, he was brought before the Commissioners of Conspiracies 
"for speaking words that in the opinion of the Board might have a dangerous 
tendency and prove detrimental to the liberties of America." He was released on 
bail and on June 14 was cited to appear before the Committee to render satisfac- 
tion touching his conduct conformable to the Act regarding persons of a neutral 
and equivocal character. On July 17 he refused to take the Oath of Allegiance and 
was ordered to hold himself in readiness to be removed within the enemy's lines. 
On July 29 he requested a temporary suspension of the proceedings, and on 
August 1st declared his readiness to take the Oath, but was not permitted to do so, 
as the Act did not permit of the Oath being administered to one who had already 
refused to take it. He was ordered to be ready for removal on the 14th. On 
May 19, 1779, the Oath was administered to him in accordance with the provisions 
of the amended Act. His name appears on the Rolls of the 2nd Albany County 
Militia. On April 14, 1760, he and Engeltjie (Angelica) Bradt, daughter of Arent 
S. Bradt, or Bratt, were granted a license to marry, and of this union there was , 
issue a son, David, who died in June, 1801, in his 33rd year. After the war he, , 
together with James Ellice, John Duncan and James Phyn, were among the 
greatest merchants and wealthiest men of the State. As an Indian trader and a 
purchaser of "Soldiers' Rights" he amassed a great fortune for those days. Mr. 
Campbell died August 16, 1802, and by will left one-third of his estate to relatives 
in Ireland and the remainder to his widow. She died October, 1812, at the age 
of 80 years and by will devised all her wealth to Daniel D. Schermerhorn, on con- 
dition that he assumed the name of Campbell. 



128 MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE CAMPBELL. 

George Campbell, son of Lachlan Campbell of Kintra, Islay, and 
"Campbell Hall," Ulster County, New York, was born at Lorine, Island of Islay, 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 75 

November 17, 1732. He was appointed Ensign in tlic 42nd, Royal Highland 
regiment of Foot, May 8, 1760; Lieutenant July 24, 1762 ; placed on half pay at the 
reduction on the close of the war, July 24, 1763, remained on half-pay for a1)0ut 
three and one-half years ; appointed Lieutenant on the 30th, Colonel the Earl 
of Loudoun's regiment of foot, at Gibraltar, May 4, 1767, where he served as 
quarter-master. Campbell is said to have been "the handsomest man in the Brit- 
ish Army." He was present at the surrender of Montreal by the French Sep- 
.ember 7, 1760; in 1761 the regiment came to New York to embark on the expe- 
lition to the West Indies and Campbell took part in the capture of Martinique, 
n the assault and capture of the Moro Castle, Cuba, July 30, 1762, and the capture 
)f Havana, August 13, 1762. In May, 1769, he retired and received an appoint- 
nent in the East India Company's service as Ensign Madras Infantry, July 7, 
1770, and Lieutenant same date. In 1776 we again find him in New York and 
ictive in raising a company in the New York Provincials which in May were 
•ent to Halifax, only to be shipped back to New York again. In the Battle of 
White Plains Campbell and his company occupied the right of the first column. 
For some time he was with the army in and around Fort Independence near Kings- 
bridge. In 1778 he was temporarily in command of the King's Orange Rangers 
It Halifax, Nova Scotia. He received an appointment as Lieutenant-Colone] in 
Colonel Fanning's regiment of Foot, a corps of 460 loyalists raised in New York, 
ind later was appointed on the British establishment as Lieutenant-Colonel of 
he King's American regiment of Foot December 25, 1782, and served with dis- 
jnction until the peace. In 1783 this regiment was reduced and he was again 
alaced on half-pay. That same year he returned to India and was appointed 
:ommanding officer at Nalior. He was raised to the rank of Brevet-Colonel "in 
he army," October 12, 1793, and Major-General October 25, 1795. He died 
Major-General (and Lieutenant-Colonel on half-pay of the King's American 
^vegiment) at Madras, India, in June, 1799, and was buried at St. Mary's Church 
remetery, Fort St. George, June 5, 1799. — Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine ; 
funcs's History; Keniblc Papers. 

[The previous identification as Lieutenant George Campbell of the 6olh, 
Royal Americans, was incorrect, that officer being Lieutenant George Camp- 
bell of the Barcaldine Family.] 



129 GENERAL JOHN CAMPBELL. 

John Campbell was born at Strachur in the year 1727. At the age of scv- 
■ntcen he joined the army, taking a number of his father's tenants with him as 
■ecruits He first joined Loudoun's Highlanders and served with that regiment 
;hrough the "45" and was present at Culloden and Bergen-op-Zoom in Flanders. 
[Te became Lieutenant in June, 1745, and Captain in 1747, and was placed on 
lialf-pay when the regiment was disbanded at the peace in 1748. When war 
5roke out again in 1756 he was appointed to a company in the Black Watch, and 
served with it in this country, being wounded at the attack on Ticonderoga when 



76 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

his regiment was nearly annihilated. In 1759 he was promoted by General Am- 
herst, Major in the 17th regiment, and saw much service, receiving a brevet- 
lieutenant-colonelcy in February, 1762, and commanding the regiment in the 
expedition against Martinique and at the capture of Havana in the same year. 
He returned to Ireland with the 17th in 1771, and in 1773 was appointed Lieut.- 
Colonel of the 57th which he joined in Dublin. He sailed for America on the 
breaking out of the Revolution in 1776 and commanded the 57th at the attack on 
Charlestown, the battle of Long Island, and the capture of Paulus Hook. In 1777 
he was appointed brigadier and was in command at Staten Island on the 22nd 
of August that year when a large force under General Sullivan attacked it, on 
which occasion, at the head of the 52nd regiment and a Waldeck battalion, he 
defeated the enemy with great loss taking 20 officers and 300 prisoners. In No- 
vember the following year he was appointed to the command of Pensacola in West 
Florida, and sailed thither from New York with the Waldeck regiment, and 
Allen's and Chalmers' Provincials. He was appointed Major-General in 1779. 
When Pensacola was beseiged by the Spaniards in 1780 he put the place in the 
best state of defence possible and made a gallant and obstinate resistance. The 
works being ultimately destroyed and the ammunition exhausted, he was at length 
obliged to surrender. By concealing the desperate condition of the garrison, he 
secured the most honourable terms, his troops marching out with the honours of 
war, and taking with them a number of wagons. He returned to New York on 
parole, and on Sir John Irwin being transferred to another regiment Campbell 
was promoted to the Colonelcy of his regiment, the 57th. in 1780. On the termi- 
nation of the war in 1783, Major-General Campbell was appointed to the com- 
mand of all His Majesty's forces remaining on the Eastern coast of North Amer- 
ica and Lord George Germaine, in his letter, expressed to him the King's "entire 
approbation of his gallant defence of Pensacola." He arrived at Halifax in 
December and was very energetic in administering the affairs of Nova Scotia 
whither many refugees from the separated States resorted. Amongst other set- 
tlements he established one on the St. John's river, which afterwards grew into 
Fredericton, the capital of New Brunswick. In 1787 Nova Scotia ceased to be a 
separate command so he returned home and settled at his seat at Strachur, Argyle- 
shire, spending his time in fishing and improving the estate, and visiting Edin- 
burgh regularly every winter. He is described as a man of a stern and proud 
disposition, and very methodical. He became Lieutenant-General in 1787, was 
promoted General in 1797, and died at Strachur August 28, 1806, at the age of 79 
years. There is a portrait of him in Strachur House. IVoolright's Hist, of §/tli 
Regiment; SteiiMrt's Sketches; Bighousc Papers. 



130 CAPTAIN JAMES CHAMBERS. 

In 1757 Captain Chambers was master of the snow Robert and Ann from 
Bristol; in 1758, while on a voyage from South Carolina, he was captured by a 
French privateer and carried into Saint-Malo ; in 1761 he was master of the sloop 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 77 

Kcppcl, a i)rivateer carrying 8 guns and trading to Monte Christo; in 1762 of the 
ship Manchester, eight carriage guns and twenty men, for London, part of his 
cargo being skins and furs; in 1766 of the ship Edward from Hamburg; in 1768 
he was engaged in transporting troops from Pensacola to St. Augustine; in 1770 
he was cast away on Trinidad, lost his ship and was put in prison by the Span- 
iards. In 1772 he became a member of the Marine Society and master of a new 
ship London built in New York. In 1773 he had refused to carry tea aboard 
his ship and received the thanks of the people. In 1774 when excitement was 
very great he again arrived at Sandy Hook but this time an object of suspicion. 
He was asked by the pilot if he had any tea aboard and answered that he had not. 
Two of the committee of observation went on board and to them Chambers de- 
clared he had no tea. When the London came up to her wharf in the afternoon 
she was boarded by a number of citizens and the Captain was informed that his 
denial was useless as they had good proof to the contrary, whereupon he con- 
fessed he had eighteen chests on board. The ship's owners or the consignees, 
Walter and Thomas Buchanan, and the Committee went to Fraunces' Tavern to 
deliberate and Captain Chambers was ordered to attend. To them the Captain 
stated that he was the sole owner of the tea. The Mohawks "were prepared to 
do their duty," but the people became impatient and about 8 p. m. went aboard 
the ship, took out the cases of tea, broke them open and threw the tea into the 
river, then dispersing in good order. This incident is known as the New York 
Tea Party. On his next trip to London the English pilot ran the ship ashore three 
limes and then hanged himself in the cabin. While in London Chambers entered 
a claim against the government for the value of the tea thrown overboard in New 
York. In October, 1778, he was master of a small privateer belonging to the 
island of Jamaica, capturing, off Charleston, several valuable American prizes ; a 
large brig was fitted out to take him, but he escaped. No further reference to 
Chambers has been found. — The Press. 



131 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER CHRISTIE. 

Captain Christie was a mariner who traded between the West Indies, New 
York, London and Ireland. One of this name, of the Christies of Stirling, is 
mentioned in the will of his brother John, at one time of Antigua, under date of 
October, 1764. The wife of that individual was Jane Urquhart, born in Knock- 
quhan. Parish of Echt, Aberdeenshire. On April 27th, 1781, Captain Christie 
received temjxjrary commission as master in the Royal Navy, probably in con- 
nection with the transport or commissariat service. His name does not appear 
in the Navy List issued on January 1st, 1783. In 1786 one of this name became 
a member of the Philadelphia Society. In 1802 our member was "old and rheu- 
matic," and presumably unable to earn a living. He then resided at Corlears 
Hook. The Society gave him assistance regularly up to 1809 when his wife, 
who was then 74 years of age, became the recipient of the Society's bounty, pre- 



78 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

sumably on the death of her husband. Captain Christie's death has not been 
noted, nor has his wife's name been traced. In Col. George Turnbull's will it is 
stated that his niece Jane Turnbull, daughter of Hector, married one Alexander 
Christie. — Hist. Antigua; the Press. 



132 ARCHIBALD CURRIE. 

Secretary 1770-1771 

Archibald Currie was probably born in Rothesay, Bute, in 1737. In 1759 he 
was junior member of the firm of Welsh & Currie in the dry goods trade in Wall 
Street and in 1761 was doing business on his own account at the same place. That 
was the home of his future father-in-law Cornelius Sebring. In 1769 "Archibald 
Curry, Gentleman," was admitted a Freeman of the City. He married Catherine 
Sebring in the Dutch Church, June 11, 1771. When the war broke out Currie 
took refuge in Hopewell, Dutchess County, New York, and actively assisted 
the Commissaries in the purchase of food for the army. In 1784 he returned 
to New York and began business at 16 Little Dock Street under the firm 
name of Archibald and David Currie, the junior partner being his brother. In 
the course of the year they took in Isaac Sebring as a partner and the firm became 
Curries & Sebring. Tliat same year Archibald became a Trustee of the First 
Presbyterian Church and was one of the signers of the petition to the Legislature 
asking a new charter for the Chamber of Commerce. In 1793 the firm again 
became A. & D. Currie and carried on business at the same address. In 1794 
he became administrator of the estate of his uncle Alexander Leitch, member 1791. 
The inscription on his tombstone in Fishkill Reformed Dutch Churchyard states 
that he died April 25, 1814, "aged 76 years and 6 mos.'' He left his widow, 
Catherine, who died May 22nd, 1817, in her 74th year, and three daughters, Cath- 
erine, Margaret who never married and Ann who married Richard Rapalje. — 
Gcneal. Rec; The Press; Clinton Papers; etc. 



133 DAVID DOUGLASS. 

David Douglass is said to have been born in England about 1720, and was 
probably a son of Captain George Douglass of the 51st Regiment. He was, how- 
ever, always regarded as a Scotsman and it is more than probable that the state- 
ment of his English birth is incorrect. Douglass was a scholar, and a man of 
talents and integrity. He had dramatic instincts and endeavoured to cultivate 
in the people of the new world an interest in and a taste for the drama. For the 
first time in New York, in the year 1758, he with his company called the American 
Company of Comedians, attempted to produce a play. A theatre was built on 
Cruger's Wharf, between Coenties and Old Slips, on the Front Street line. In 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 79 

dramatic records it is simply styled "a building suitable for the purpose," while 
elsewhere it is said to have been a sail loft. It is more than likely that the latter 
statement is correct. The proprietor and manager was David Douglass, whom 
Wemyss styles "a gentleman of birth and fortune, who by his marriage with 
Lewis Hallam's widow, was placed on the theatrical throne of the Western Hemi- 
sphere." His marriage came later than the period in question. Douglass at- 
tempted to open the theatre but "received an absolute and positive denial from 
the authorities." He then made an appeal to the public in the columns of Gaine's 
Mercury. He stated how he had "begged in the humblest manner" of the au- 
thorities "to indulge him in acting as many plays as would barely defray ex- 
penses," but was "peremptorily refused." Douglass next explained in a card in 
the same'journal on December 8, 1758, how he had conceived the happy thought 
of starting a "Histrionic Academy, in which plays would be performed, or rather 
recitations given, — in costume, perchance — authorities or no authorities to the 
contrary notwithstanding." The magistrates thereupon relented, and on Decem- 
ber 28, 1758, the new theatre was opened with Rowe's "Jane Shore," to an audi- 
ence said to have been very brilliant. The Chapel Street Theatre was the next 
building erected as a theatre. It was built of wood at a cost of $1,625. It could 
only have been but a little better than a barn. The scenery and wardrobe were 
worth one thousand dollars. Here for the first time visitors were permitted 
behind the scenes, and it is also famous as the scene of the first "egging" known 
to the American stage. The following advertisement explains itself. "Theatre 
ill .Vezu York, May 3, 1762. — A Pistole rezvard will be given to idwcicr can dis- 
cover the person who zvas so very rude as to throzv Eggs from the Gallery upon 
the stage last Monday, by zvhich the Cloaths of some Ladies and Gentleme^i were 
spoiled, and the performance in some measure interrupted. D. Douglass." In 
that same year he ajipearcd with his company in Providence, Rhode Island, the 
first instance in Xew England of the public performance of any play. Douglass's 
next move was to Burns"s Xew Assembly Room in 1767 where he gave his famous 
"Lecture on Heads." The John Street Theatre was the next place with which 
Douglass was identified. In 1772 he and his company were playing to Philadel- 
phia audiences and in 1773 his wife died there. The Revolution brought the ac- 
tivities of Douglass in America to a close and he went to Jamaica in the West 
Indies. There he was patronized by the Governor and appointed, with William 
-■Xikman, King's printer for Jamaica and its dependencies. This office was a lucra- 
tive one. In Rivington's Gazette of June 10. 1788, appears the statement that in 
the beginning of April, David Douglass, Esq., Master of the Revels in Jamaica, 
was married to Miss Peters, daughter of Doctor Peters. He was also appointed 
a Master in Ordinary and a Justice of the Quorum for St. Catherine. It is said 
that in a few years he acquired with reputation a fortune of i25.000 sterling. In 
1779 he and Aikman issued the Jamaica Mercury and Kingston IJ'cehly Adz'crliscr 
known from April, 1780. as The Royal Gazette. He died in Spanish Town, 
Jamaica, August 8, 1789. — Frank Cundall in Am. Antiquarian Society: Contem- 
porary Press. 



80 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

134 CAPTAIN ROBERT FORREST. 

In 1761 Captain Forrest was master of the sloop Hazard trading to St. Chris- 
topher and in 1763 of the Lazvrcnce, a Letter of Marque, sent to cruise ofif His- 
paniola. He, or more probably his son of the same name, then of the brig Nancy, 
married Catherine, daughter of Louis Jones of New York, November 19th, 17'J9, 
and became a member of the Marine Society October 13, ISOO. This son came 
from the Eastern Shore of Maryland, followed the sea like his father, settled 
in New York in 1810 and commanded the privateer Three Brothers in the War of 
1812, suffering capture and a long imprisonment. He left a son George James 
(b. New York 1810; d. there 1889), who became president of the Wheeling and 
Lake Erie Railroad and a well known figure in New York in his d^y.—Am. Suc- 
cessful Men;, The Press. 



13.5 ROBERT KENNEDY. 

Manager 1762-63. 

Vhen Robert Kennedy made his will, dated Boston, January 31st, 1761, he 
designated himself as "of Boston in New England, late of St. Eustatius, mer- 
chant," and that he was then about to go to Surinam in the sloop Charming 
Sally of whose cargo he owned three-quarters. The inference to be drawn from 
statements in his will is that he had emigrated to St. Eustatius, in the Dutch West 
Indies, and had there carried on the business of importing and selling goods 
bought in Europe and America; that he had business interests with his brother 
Walter of Surinam, now known as Dutch Guiana. Everything he possessed was 
left to his brother Archibald but without designating him more particularly, so 
that one is unable to say now where this brother was domiciled. As Kennedy 
returned from his voyage to Surinam and became domiciled in New York we 
have assumed that he joined the Society in 1761 and not in 1756, as stated in 
our Records. In 1762 he was elected a Manager of the Society and on August 
22, 1763, he was drowned in New York Harbour, near Robin's Reef, while cross- 
ing in the "Passage Boat to Wright's Ferry" (Staten Island), and the Mercury 
styled him a "Scotch gentleman of great Merit and Fortune." It was at first 
supposed that he was a brother of Arcliibald, the Collector of the Customs, but 
Burke mentions neither Robert nor Walter as brothers of Archibald. Burke men- 
tions Robert, a son of Archibald, who died unmarried but Archibald's will and 
codicil prove that his son Robert was dead prior to December 10, 1749. Robert 
Kennedy was buried in Richmond Church yard, Staten Island, and his will was 
proved in New York, August 26, 1763, by John Ross, a fellow member of the 
Society, who identified the handwriting of Kennedy. George Traile, another 
member, was his executor. 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 81 

136 ROBERT LAW. 

Manager 1761-1762. 

Robert Law was senior member of the firm of Robert and James Law, who 
advertised a sale of European and Indian goods and other dry goods at their store 
in Hanover Square. In 1762 he removed to the house of Samuel Sackett oppo- 
site the Cross Keys and near the Fly Market and did business under the firm name 
of Robert Law & Co., and also was a partner in the firm of Laws & Graham, 
located in Crommelin's Wharf. 



i:v WILLIAM McADAM. 

Manager 1765-66; Vice-President 1766-70, 1771-72; 177-r-75; 
President 1772-73 

William McAdam was the son of James McAdam and Margaret Reid and 
was probably born in Ayr about 1726. He died in New York City October 1, 
1779. He came to America early in life and engaged in a general trading and 
mercantile business and in 1754 was located on Warren's Wharf on the H.'fdson 
River, where he sold "Canada Beaver, Cordage, Sailcloth, Ship-chandlery, New 
York and Carolina Beef, Irish Butter, Dorchester Beer in Bottles, Scotch Car- 
pets and Scarlet and White Broadcloth." In 1766 his warehouse was located on 
Smith Street, near the New Dutch Church, where he advertised for sale, "Iron- 
bound Butts and Puncheons, genuine Batavia Arrack in Bottles, Frontinjack, 
Priniack and Madeira, &c." In 1775 he was located on Beaver Street. He was 
one of the founders of the Chamber of Commerce April 5, 1768, was elected 
Treasurer on May 2, 1774, and Vice-President May 2nd, 1775. At the com- 
mencement of the agitation leading to the Revolution he was one of the New 
York Committee of Correspondence, his sympathies evidently being with the Col- 
onists. When the war began he probably took no part, quietly attending to his 
business and did not live to see the end of the struggle. Notwithstanding, at- 
tainder and confiscation followed him even to the grave. On December 12th, 1764, 
he married Ann, daughter of Dirck Dey. This lady was a sister of David Shaw's 
wife and Mrs. McAdam. when a widow, remembered in her will her sister's chil- 
dren. The celebrated road builder John Loudon McAdam, the son of James, 
brother of William, was brought up by McAdam and engaged in business in New 
York until the outbreak of the Revolution. — Morrison's History; ct al. 



138 CAPTAIN WILLIAM MILLER. 

Captain Miller was a member of the firm of James R'lease and William Miller 
who dealt in European and East Indian Goods at the corner of Water and Chest- 
nut Streets, Philadelphia. He became a member of the Saint Andrew's Society 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

of that city in 1758, its Secretary in 1760 and its Treasurer in 1770. He was then 
engaged in the dry goods business on Front Street at the corner of Gray's Alley 
between Chestnut and Walnut Streets. In 1791 his son William, Junior, also be- 
came a member of the Philadelphia Society. No sketch of Captain Miller has 
appeared in the volumes published by our sister Society. 



139 CAPTAIN THOMAS WILLIAM MOORE. 

Secretary 1764-65; Treasurer 1765-67; Manager 1773-74. 
Captain Moore, seventh child of Judge William Moore of Moore Hall, Pa., 
was born June 17, 1735. (Judge William was a son of John who died Collector 
of the Port of Philadelphia, 1732. and who was the first to come from England, 
establishing himself at Charleston.) Captain Moore was a near relative of Phin- 
eas Bond of Philadelphia. The first notice of the presence of Thomas W. IMoore 
in New York is the record of his marriage with Anne Ayscough, July 6, 1761, he 
being twenty-seven years of age at that time. This lady vi-as the widow of Dr. 
Richard Ayscough, a surgeon in the British army, and resident in New York in 
the middle of the 18th century. In Gaine's Mercury of August 23, 1762, Moore 
advertised "Sugar by Thomas William Moore at his store in King's Street, next 
door to James Duane, Esq." In 1768 he was admitted to membership in the 
Chamber of Commerce and in 1769 was made a Freeman of the city under the 
appellation of "Gentleman." He was of the firm of Moore and Lynsen, after- 
wards Moore, Lynsen & Co., auctioneers, Daniel McCormick having been ad- 
mitted to the firm. Mr. Moore never hesitated in his allegiance to the Crown. 
In fact he showed his loyalty by assuming the very dangerous attitude of pre- 
tending attachment to the American cause and. on the advice of Governor Tryon, 
went to Philadelphia in an American uniform and practically became a spy. Con- 
gress offered to make him a Major which he refused and thereby aroused sus- 
picion. When summoned to sign the Association and take the Oath he declined. 
He was arrested and jailed May 14, 1776. and remained there six weeks until he 
escaped to Staten Island. He and two friends secured a boat and having been 
seen by an American rifleman they seized him and placed him in the bow of the 
boat so that he could not report Moore's friends. After great difficulty they 
reached the Senegal and Moore offered his services to Gen. Howe who granted 
him a commission dated December 6, 1776, as Captain in Gen. Oliver de Lancey's 
Loyal Brigade, in which he served until 1782. In 1778 Captain Moore sailed with 
the Expedition against Savannah and was present at the taking of that place in 
December, .^fter the capture Colonel Campbell appointed Moore as Barrack 
Master. He became Provincial Aide-de-Camp to General Prevost and took part 
in the defence of the city in 1779. On the evacuation of Savannah Moore re- 
turned to New York. In 1783 he withdrew to Nova Scotia and was afterwards 
appointed British Consul to Rhode Island and Connecticut. In 1794, having trans- 
mitted to the Governor of Rhode Island a letter from Captain Home of H. M. S. 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 83 

Africa, which Washington characterized as having been "conceived in terms of 
menace and insult against the authority of the United States," his exequatur was 
withdrawn. In April, 1800, he was appointed by the British Minister agent for 
the British Packets. He died in England prior to November 10, 1809, as his 
widozv died in Brooklyn on that date in her 75th year. They left a son of the 
same name (1769-1846). — Loyalist Papers; The Press; ct al. 



140 JOHN PROVOOST. 

John Provoost was the son of Samuel and Maria (Spratt) Provoost and 
grandson of David Provoost, Mayor of New York in 1699. John was born in 
1713 and early in life was in business on his own account. In 1738 his name 
ai)peared in the Roll of Freemen. In 1748 his place of business was in a house 
"near the new Dutch Church," and in 1731 his store was "near the Fly Market," 
where he sold European and Indian goods. In 1757 he imported and sold cannon, 
muskets, ammunition, etc., for privateering against the French. In 1741 he mar- 
ried Eve, daughter of Harmanus and Catherine (Meyer) Rutgers, "one of the 
loveliest lassies of the city in her day," and their son Samuel became the well 
known Bishop of that name. In 1762 he was Captain of a Militia Company. In 
1764 he became one of the Governors of King's College. Mr. Provoost died Sep- 
tember 24, 1767, and was buried in the family vault in Trinity Church. The New 
York Gazette .says he was "a gentleman of the utmost Probity, great good Hu- 
mour, and Firmness in the Administration of Justice during his Continuance in 
that Capacity, not to be parallel'd." "His well known Goodness in his Domestic 
Affairs need no Addition to this." — Old Mercluints of Nezu York and Contem- 
porary Press. 



141 SIR JOHN RIDDELL. 

Sir John Riddell, Vlth Baronet of Riddell, was the third son of Walter Vth 
Baronet of Riddell and Margaret Watt, daughter of John Watt of Rose Hill, 
Edinburgh. This lady was a sister of Robert Watts, the father of the Hon. John 
Watts, member 1756. Being a younger son John was sent at an early age to 
America to his uncle Robert Watts and by him was "brought up." On coming 
of age he went to Curacoa where he became a merchant. On the death of his 
elder brother Walter he returned to the ancestral home by way of Philadelphia 
and New York. He became an Honorary member of the Saint Andrew's Society 
of Philadelphia in 1761 the year of his return. As his name appeared on the 
Honorary list of this Society published in 1770 without date of election, the year 
1761 also has been adopted as the year that he became connected with this Society. 
He married Jane, daughter of James Buchanan of Sunden, in the County of 
Bedford, England, to whose estates she succeeded in 1772 on the death of her 
brother Archibald Buchanan. Sir Walter died May 13th, 1763, and John sue- 



84 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1761 

ceeded to the baronetcy and the estates and died at Hampstead, Middlesex County, 
England, on the 16th of April, 1768, leaving three sons, his son Walter succeeding 
to title and estate. His sister Elinor had married Robert Carre of Cavers-Carre 
and through that alliance the lands of Cavers-Carre eventually came to the Riddell 
family. — Riddell Genealogy; De Peyster Genealogy. 



U2 DAVID SHAW. 

Treasurer 1761-1765. 

David Shaw, son of the Rev. Lachlan Shaw, Historian of Moray, and Helen 
Stuart, was a native of Elgin. He came to New York in 1759 on the brigantine 
Lovely Jane, John Walker, master, and advertised that he had "Just arrived from 
Europe," and again, later, that he was "Lately from Europe." His store was 
opposite the Fly Market in the house of the late Captain Emory, where he sold 
European goods, which from his advertisement meant pretty much everything. 
Judging by these advertisements his coming was in the nature of a venture as he 
stated that "his time here is to be short." Notwithstanding this intention he re- 
mained and settled down, succumbing very quickly to the charms of Polly (IMary), 
daughter of Dirck Dey, owner of a ropewalk situated where the southerly half 
of the Hudson Terminal Building now is and stretching down 700 feet from 
Broadway to the Hudson River, which was sold by Mrs. Shaw in 1773 for i500. 
They were married November 24th, 1761. The issue of this marriage was two 
sons and two daughters. Lachlan, their eldest son, born May 1, 176+, was 
drowned in 1783; William, born Sept. 13, 1766, became a lieutenant in the Royal 
navy; Janet, born Dec. 25, 1762, married March 20, 1788, Charles Wilkes, Cashier 
of the Bank of New York, and nephew of the famous John Wilkes, one of whose 
three daughters, Charlotte, married Francis Jeffrey of Edinburgh in 1813 ; Alaria, 
born in Hackensack, February 9, 1768, was a posthumous child. She married, 
first in New York on December 12, 1782, Sir Jacob Wheate, Royal Navy, Captain 
of H. M. frigate Cerberus, who died in Bermuda in March of the following year, 
and secondly, on April 25, 1788, Admiral the Hon. Sir Alexander Cochrane, sixth 
son of the Vlllth Earl of Dundonald. David Shaw died October 1st, 1767, and 
was buried in Hackensack churchyard. Mrs. John Stark Robertson, Gen. John 
Reid's daughter, writing to the Rutherfurds in 1792, stated that the Shaw family 
was then in Bath, England. Mrs. Shaw died in New York, March 8th, 1826, 
in her 85th year. — A. M. Mackintosh. Historian of Clan Cluittan; Miss Eleanor 
G. French, Montclair, N. J.; Church Records; Contemporary Press; etc. 



143 CAPTAIN NEIL SHAW. 

Capt. Shaw was master of the sloop Tryal in 1761 and in 1763 of the schooner 
Pitt trading to Antigua, West Indies. While he went to sea he also had a store 



1761 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 85 

on Great Dock Street, two doors from the Royal Exchange, wliere he carried on 
a ship chandlery business. In January, 1758, Neil married Mary Decline or 
Deklyn and so far as is known had two sons and one daughter. In 1756 he was 
engaged in rope making and in 1764 was located at the "Old Rope Walk in the 
Fields or Vineyard No. 42," the ship chandlery store being taken over by his 
partner, James McConnell, and conducted by him on his own account. This rope 
walk may have been the one originally owned by Dirck Dey and which descended 
to David Shaw's wife, Dey's daughter. On November 12, 1764, David Shaw 
advertised the rope walk for sale with all the tools and utensils. Three days after- 
wards "Neal Shaw of the City of New York, roap-maker," conveyed to Dr. Peter 
Middleton, 600 acres of land in Argyle Patent, Washington County, N. Y., show- 
ing that Capt. Shaw was in straits. It is pvossible that he was a relative of David 
Shaw but he was not his son as previously surmised. Capt. Shaw was one of 
the Trustees or Patentees of the land laid aside by government for distribution 
among the Lachlan Campbell immigrants, showing that when appointed he was 
a man of some standing in the community. When Shaw removed to Albany is 
unknown but presumably shortly after his failure in New York. In 1783, how- 
ever, he was in that city as appeared from Letters of Administration on the estate 
of one Major George C. Nicholson, of Col. James Livingston's regiment, which 
were granted to Shaw at Rumbout (Rondout?) November 7th, 1783, and in which 
he is descril>ed as "of the City and County of Albany, ropemaker." This would 
indicate that Capt. Shaw had taken the American side in the Revolution. He 
died intestate and William Malcom was appointed Administrator of his estate, 
September 6th, 1785. 



144 CAPTAIN JOHN JOSEPH SIMPSON. 

Captain Simpson was appointed First Lieutenant, March 7th, 1760, in the 
94th regiment or Royal Welsh Volunteers, which were disbanded in 1/04. In 
1761 he was appointed temporarily Lieutenant in the Fourth Independent Com- 
pany in North America and from 1765 to 1772 his name appeared on the half-pay 
list as of the 94th regiment. — Ford ; Britisli Aniiv List. 



145 CAPTAIN JOHN WILSON. 

John Wilson was appointed Lieutenant in the 60th regiment in 1758, and 
promoted to the rank of Captain in the army in 1761, when placed on half-pay. 
In 1762 he was again called to the colours as Captain in the 59th regiment then 
in Ireland. This regiment came out to America in 1766 and in 1767 Wilson 
petitioned for land near Lake Champlain, General Gage certifying that he had 
served during the French and Indian war. The 59th remained in America imtil 
1773. In 1780 Wilson was appointed Captain of an Independent Company sta- 
tioned in Guernsey and in 1782 Captain of an Independent Company of Invalids 
stationed at Berwick, and later at Plymouth. He died August 6, 1785, at Lam- 
beth, London. 



86 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 

1762 



146 CAPTAIN WILLIAM ALEXANDER. 

Captain Alexander was master of trading vessels between New York, Dub- 
lin, and Glasgow, and in 1760 was master of the snow Antelope. 

[Mr. Morrison lias omitted his name altogether, asstiming that it was 
meant for "Lord Stirling," whereas there were two members of the same 
name.] 



147 LIEUT.-GENERAL ALLAN CAMPBELL. 

Allan Campbell was the son of Patrick Campbell, IVth of Barcaldine and 
Agnes Campbell of Kilmun, his wife. Allan joined the 42nd as Ensign, in 1744, 
and at the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745 was taken prisoner and confined at 
Perth. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in 1746, and Captain in 1755. 
In 1756 he accompanied his regiment to New York and immediately proceeded 
to Albany. In a letter written at "Camp at Lake George, July 11, 1758," he 
writes to his brother John, Vth of Barcaldine, about the attack on Ticonderoga 
where he "eskeaped without a scratch, tho' .... in the heat of the action." In 
1759 he was appointed Major for the campaign under Amherst and was employed 
at the head of the Grenadiers and Rangers, clearing the way for the army to the 
lakes. He became Major in the army in 1762. In 1763 he was placed on half 
pay and obtained a grant of 5,000 acres of land at Crown Point. In 1770 he 
again went into active service receiving the appointment of Major in the 36th 
foot then in Jamaica, became Lieutenant-Colonel May, 1772, Colonel November, 
1780, Major-General the same year and died a Lieutenant-General in Soho, Lon- 
don, 1794, after serving his King and Country over 50 years. — Bighouse Papers. 



148 , ANGUS CAMPBELL. 

Angus Campbell was a merchant in Albany in 1760 who advertised European 
goods and made a specialty of Tartan plaids, Scots bonnets. Highland gartering. 
Highland shoes. &c., "near the North Gate." This identification may be open 
to doubt because we find in the list of Honorary members of the Saint Andrew's 
Society of Philadelphia one of this name noted in the same year and undoubtedly 
identical with our member, but who has not yet been identified by that Society. 
We believe, however, that it was the Albany merchant who went to Philadelphia 
via New York, to dispose of his Highland Goods to the Highland regiment then 
stationed there, and as a visitor to the City of Brotherly Love was welcomed by 
his "brither" Scots, and "invited" to qualify for honorary membership. 



1762 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 87 

149 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL MUNGO CAAlPr.ELL 

iluiigo Campbell was a natural son of Captain John Campbell, Vth of Bar- 
caldine, and half brother of Col. Alexander Campbell (member 1761), and of 
Lieut. Georp:e Campbell of the 80th or Gage'.s regiment, and nephew of Major 
Allan Campbell (member 1762). In early life he was a writer in Edinburgh. He 
accompanied his uncle, Colin Campbell of Glenure, "the Red Fox," on his last 
fatal journey to Lochaber and was with him on the return journey when Glenure 
was murdered by Allan Breck or his accomplice. He was very active in appre- 
hending James Stewart in Acharn, Allan his son and John Beg McColl. He was 
apjiointed temporarily factor in Glenure's place. This story is well told by Robert 
Louis Stevenson in "Kidnapped." In 1758 he received the appointment of Cap- 
tain in the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, and took part in the expedition to 
Fort Pitt. In 1760 he was transferred to the 55th regiment as Captain. For 
some time he was in conuiiand at Fort Brew^rton, at the outlet of Oneida Lake, 
and there Mrs. Anne Grant of Laggan, then Miss McVicar, met him. In her 
Memoirs of an American Lady she speaks highly of him, praising his "warm 
and generous heart, his enlightened and comprehensive mind, his social qualities 
and public virtues." He received his majority in the regiment in 1770 while in 
Ireland. In 1776 he was transferred from the 55th regiment and promoted to 
the Lieulcnant-Colonelcy of the 52nd regiment, and came out as part of the 3rd 
brigade under Major-General Jones, landing on Staten Island, August, 1776. In 
the attack on Staten Island in August of 1777, one hundred and fifty of the Amer- 
icans surrendered to him. Lieut. -Col. Campbell was in command of the column 
of 500 regulars and 400 Loyal Americans, the latter commanded by Col. Beverly 
Robinson, which took part in the attack and capture of Fort Montgomery. Camp- 
bell, as part of the plan of attack, had to make a detour round Bear Mountain, 
and was killed while leading his men at the storming of the Fort, October 7th, 
1777. The following epitaph appeared in the Nezv York Gazeitc and Weekly 
Mercury of March 16, 1778: 

To the Memory of 

MUNGO CAMPBELL. 

Lieut-Colonel of his Majesty's 52d Regiment of Foot 
Who Commanded the Attack on Fort Montgomery 

October 6, 1777, 

And as he was leading on his Troops to the Storm, 

with calm Intrepidity, 

Fell just before the ^loment of Victory. 

To check Rebellion in her mad Career, 
To tame the haughty, and the sad to cheer. 
To vindicate his injtir'd Sovereign's Name, 
To rescue Loyalty from lawless Shame. 
Restore the Blessings of a mild Command, 



88 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 

Of Ease and Plenty thro' a factious Land, 
His Sword the intrepid CAMPBELL drew— he fell- 
How nobly, Hudson's echoing Banks can tell. 
In peace as gentle, as in War rever'd ; 
Lov'd as a Master, as a Soldier fear'd ; 
Faithful Domestics sighing view'd his Bier, 
And hardy Veterans dropt the silent Tear! 
"Cease, cries the Hero! — tho' in Battle Slain, 
"My Wounds were Glory, and my Death is Gain." 

Col. Campbell was laid to rest in St. Paul's Churchyard in this City. — Big- 
hotise Papers; Trans. Gaelic Society of Inverness; Kcmble Papers; The Press. 

[General James Grant Wilson was wrong in stating that Col. Campbell 
zvas killed at the Battle of White Plains.] 



150 CAPTAIN THOMAS COCHRAN. 

Captain Thomas Cochran was in the service of George and John Buchanan 
of Glasgow, represented in New York by Walter and Thomas Buchanan. In 
1755 he was master of the snow Friendship for Londonderry ; in 1761 of the brig 
Polly; in 1764 of the Peggy from Glasgow; in 1766 of the snow Buclianan; in 
1773 of the brig Malty; in 1774 of the ship Lilly and in 1777 this same ship was 
armed with twelve 6 pounders. 



151 CADWALLADER COLDEN. 

Cadwallader Colden, third son of Lieut.-Gov. Colden, was born in New York, 
May 26, 1722 ; at seven years of age he removed to Coldenham, where he resided 
the balance of his life. His father being much from home on public business, 
his early education devolved upon his mother, a most excellent and capable woman. 
From boyhood his tastes inclined to farming, of which he says "he was more 
fond than literary labour." In 1747 he was appointed by Gov. George Clinton. 
Commissary of the Musters, raised in this and neighbouring Provinces, with a 
view of operating against Canada, and then posted along the frontier. He some- 
times acted as Deputy-Surveyor for his father. In 1768 he was elected first super- 
visor of Hanover Precinct, now Montgomery, Orange County, New York. Mr. 
Colden was an ardent loyalist at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, and 
early avowed his hostility to the popular cause. The attention of the Ulster Com- 
mittee of Safety having been directed to him as a "Person inimical and dangerous 
to the American cause," he was by their order, in June, 1776, arrested and placed 
in jail, but soon released through the intercession of his son Cadwallader, whom 
the Committee esteemed as "a decent young man." On the 25th November, 1776. 
he was again arrested though nothing but the general charge of "disaffected" was 
alleged against him, and was ordered to be removed to Boston, which, however. 



1762 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 89 

was not carried into effect, and he was permitted to remain at Fishkill, wliere the 
Committee was then sitting, without parole having been exacted, until January, 
1777, when he was allowed to return to his family, after promising to appear 
before the Committee whenever summoned. He was not charged with any overt 
act in aid of the King's cause, and his disaffection at this time was mainly appar- 
ent in the fact that he persisted that his oath of fealty as a British subject pre- 
cluded him as an honest man from taking another of allegiance to the State of 
New York. His age exempted him from military service, and it may have been, 
rather as the representative of an old and influential family, nearly all as loyal as 
himself, that the Committee of Safety regarded it necessary to deprive him occa- 
sionally of his liberty, as an admonitory measure to others in tlie locality in which 
he lived. He escaped the penalties of the confiscation act imjiosed on other loy- 
alists two years later, and which swept from his brother David all his possessions 
and drove him finally a political outcast from his native state and country. After 
the death of this brother, Cadwallader took his family, consisting of widow, son 
and four daughters, under his roof at Coldenham, bestowing upon them in their 
bereavement and misfortune, the love and care of a tender parent. He lived to 
see two of these daughters married to distinguished and prominent men in New 
York, and the son rising to honourable fame as a lawyer. Mr. Colden was an 
active member of the Episcopal Church and for years was one of the Wardens of 
St. Andrew's in Ulster County. The year before his death he relinquished a 
claim of more than £500 against this church, completely relieving it from serious 
financial embarrassment. Like his father he possessed a hospitable and cheerful 
disposition, and the aged people seventy years ago, in the locality where he lived, 
sixike in warm praise of his character for the honest uprightness that governed 
him in all his business transactions. He passed in quiet the latter years of his 
life, surrounded by his children who resided on or adjacent to lands he and his 
father originally settled. Some of his descendants, though not numerous in the 
male line, are still livmg in that vicinity. He married 1745-6, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Ellison of New Windsor, New York. He died at Coldenham, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1797.— iV. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rcc, Vol. iv., />. 175. 



152 DUNCAN DALLAS. 

Duncan Dallas was probably an attorney as this name appears as witness to 
several wills. He was appointed September 9, 1763, administrator of the estate 
of David Gemmel who was drowned, and who died intestate. One of this name 
became an Honorary member of Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia in 1764, 
and has not yet been identified by that Society. 



153 DAVID FLEMING. 

In the Nczv York Gaacttc of 1761, David Fleming "From Dublin," adver- 
tised his soap and candle store between the Fly-Market and Burling's Slip and 



90 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 

offered for sale "Myrtle or Tallow Candles; hard or soft Soap." In 1762 he 
offered "A Few Quarter Casks Madeira Wine, Some Prussian Blue, Paper by the 
Ream, Green Tea in Canisters, Jamaica Spirits by Five Gallons or upwards, St. 
Vincent Tobacco, Choice Claret in bottles, Brass fittings for furniture, &c." On 
Rlay 5, 1762, he became a Freeman of the City under the designation, "Soap 
Boyler." He died in 1762, and was succeeded by John Moore in December of that 
year. — N. Y. Mercury. 



154 LIEUTENANT ANN GORDON. 

Lieut. Gordon was the son of Adam and Helen (Gray) Gordon and grandson 
of Sir Adam Gordon of Dalpholly. He received the appointment of Ensign in 
the 46th Foot in 1757 and in 1758 was wounded in the hand and leg at the attack 
at Ticonderoga and in 1759 was again wounded in the leg at the siege of Niagara. 
He was transferred as Lieutenant to the 42nd, August 16, 1762, and in July, 1763, 
was again wounded in the neck and shoulder while fighting the Indians. In 1763 
he was placed on half-pay and on December 17 of that year wrote from Fort Bed- 
ford to Bouquet complaining of his hard treatment. "I have been very unlucky 
in the Service. My commission cost me dear, and I have sustained losses in this 
country to the amount of £200, Stg. by shipwreck. Sec, and now a reduced Lt 
after seven years in America with almost the loss of a limb.'' In his Memorial 
.'\pril 3, 1783, he stated that he had served through the French war in America 
and in the West Indies. On retiring on half-pay he received £40 per annum and 
2,000 acres of land in Albany County by Proclamation and he bought from John 
Munro, a fellow member, 1,0G0 acres additional. Fle erected grist and saw mills 
on the property. When the Revolution broke out he lived at St. Sulpice, about 
40 miles below Montreal, Canada, and was a Justice of the Peace there. He occu- 
pied one of two farms and endeavoured to make a living for himself, his wife and 
five children, as any former revenue he derived from his property in New York 
had been stopped by confiscation. While suffering from his wounds in the service 
he was attacked by cancer in the face. For six years he was under treatment by 
doctors at Quebec but all to no purpose. In 1780, on the advice of the doctors, 
he started for England hoping there to get relief, but in order to do so he was 
obliged to mortgage his farm. On the voyage he was cast away in the St. Lawr- 
ence losing all his money, £300 Halifax currency, and with difficulty managed to 
get back to his home. The following year he again started leaving behind a 
destitute family. For four years he remained in London being treated for his 
horrible disease. In 1786 he again applied to the Claims Commissioners for as- 
sistance and on sifting the evidence produced, the doctors certifying that he was 
quite blind, and the Commissioners themselves stating that he was "a shocking 
spectacle." they awarded him £60 per annum to be ante-dated to January, 1783, 
an award which came too late as his death, which took place August 22, 1787, 
mercifully came to his relief, and the Commissioners then awarded a pension of 
£20 per annum to the widow and children. His nephew Sir Adam Gordon, de- 



1762 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 91 

posed that Lieut. Gordon Iiad been away from the country over thirty years and 
that the family knew nothing about him. One of the children was sent over to 
Scotland, another was taken and brought up by a neighbour and friend, and the 
widow received assistance in the working of the farm. The story of the suffer- 
ings of this gallant soldier in the service of his country and his miserable and 
tragic end is a pathetic one and excites sympathy. — Loyalist MSS., Public Library; 
Addl. MSS., B. M. 

[His name appears on Roll as Andrew Gordon, but 
it is given corrccHy in I lie pamphlet of 1770.] 



155 CAPTAIN JOHN GRAEME. 

Captain Graeme was the son of Thomas Graeme of Duchray, Commissioner 
for Perthshire. He entered the Black Watch as Ensign and in 1758 had become 
Lieutenant. Lieutenant Graeme was wounded at the attack on Ticonderoga and 
also at Bushy Run in 1763. After the peace he was placed on half-pay. He 
married Christian, daughter of Robert Murray of Glengarnock. General Stewart 
of Garth says that he joined the regiment in 1765 and was dropped in 1772, hav- 
ing attained the rank of field officer. This statement, however, is very doubtful 
for in 1774, after the death of his brother, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Graeme 
of Duchray, John is served heir and is styled "John Graeme, Captain, of Duchray, 
heir male special in Over Duchray, Stirlingshire, and in Easter and Wester Red- 
nock, Perthshire." Captain Graeme died at his house of Rednock in October, 
1790, and is then styled "late Captain in the 42nd." — Or and Sable; Stcivart's 
Sketches. 



156 CAPTAIN MICHAEL GRANT. 

In 1754 Captain Grant was master of the brig Elizabeth & Catherine trading 
to Dover. In 1756 he succeeded Captain Thomas Miller in command of the brig 
Maria. In Ecbruary of 1757 he was captured on his voyage from London to 
New York by a French Privateer off Portland, England, and a prize crew placed 
on board. .Next day the British sloop of war Badger hove in sight, gave chase, 
attacked and took the privateer and sent a lieutenant after the Maria. The French- 
men, in their efforts to escape, ran her on a reef tw'o miles from shore and es- 
caped in the boats, while Grant and his crew were rescued, the brig going to 
pieces. On July 4th, of the same year, he was appointed to command the snow 
Chippingliain, a Letter of Marque mounting ten guns, and Thomas Miller was 
the agent. In 1759 he is found doing business as a dry goods merchant in the 
next house to Malcolm Campbell (our Treasurer). In 1762 he was again at sea 
as master of the brig Anne in the .African trade and in 1763 master of the schooner 
Friendship trading to Havana. In 1773 he is Naval Officer at West Florida, a 
government position, and in 1781 is of Kings County "Gentleman." In 1781 he 



92 



BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 



was master of a small sloop the Betsey in the Quarter-Master-General's department 
which "attended the guard at the Wallabout," meaning the guard over the prison 
ships. On i\Iarch 17th, 1783, "on his arrival within the British lines at New 
York," one Michael Grant addressed a memorial to Sir Guy Carleton offering to 
assist in the general hospital and asking consideration and provisions. Were it 
the same man it would mean that he was a Loyalist refugee. This person is more 
Hkely to have been a son of our member. One of this name, a Loyalist, settled in 
Digby, Nova Scotia, in l784.—Caiiclon Papers; The Press. 



157 LIEUTENANT WILLIAM HAGGART. 

Lieut. Haggart received his appointment in the 77th, or Montgomery's High- 
landers, in 1757, and was promoted to be Lieutenant in 1758. He served all 
through the French and Indian War and after the reduction of the regiment in 
1763 evidently remained for some time in the country. In 1764 he petitioned the 
government for 2,000 acres of land on Otter Creek on the east side of Lake 
Champlain and the Return of the Survey in 1765 shows that the lands were then 
in Albany County but now in Addison, Vermont. In 1765 his name appears on 
the half-pay list, and remained thereon until 1793 when he probably died. His 
son of the same name was Quarter-Master of the regiment. No later references 
have been found. His name does not appear during the Revolution period unless 
the son was the Lieutenant Haggart of Burgoyne's army who was killed at the 
skirmish of Hubberton in July, 1777. — Pord; Land Papers, Albany. 



158 REV. THOMAS JACKSON. 

Manager 1765-66. 

The following, the earliest notice found, appeared in the New York Gacctte 
May 10th, 1762. "For teaching the Latin and Greek Languages, the Geography 
and Antiquities requisite for the Classics, &c. A School is to be open'd on the 
18th of May Instant in New Street, ne.xt Door to the Sign of Sir Peter Warren, 
opposite to the Presbyterian Church : Which Branches, together with Writing and 
Cyphering shall be taught in the best Method for qualifying young Gentlemen for 
the College: And all interested may depend particular Attention shall be had to 
every Thing that may promote their Knowledge and Virtue, in the Power of 
Thomas Jackson." In 1765 he was appointed by the Board of Aldermen, librar- 
ian of the Corporation library in the City Hall, at the salary of £4 yearly giving, 
however, but little of his time to this work. Readers were expected to pay two 
.shillings per month for the use of a folio volume, one shilling for a quarto and 
six pence for an octavo or duodecimo. At the same time he was appointed librarian 
of the Society Library, a more important position. In that year his school had 
flourished so that he was encouraged to move to more pretentious quarters secur- 



1762 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 93 

ing from the City Corporation the Exchange, "the best house in town for a pub- 
Hck school," paying a rent of sixty pounds per annum. In this venture he became 
associated for a short time with Peter Wilson (member 1789). They advertised 
an "Academy of instruction in ail branches of useful education for gentlemen and 
ladies of eight years old and upwards." Later in the year he opened an evening, 
school in the Exchange "for the greater convenience of young people." While 
residing in New York Mr. Jackson was a devoted member of the English Presby- 
terian Church, later known as the Brick Church. Pie served the church as elder 
and session clerk and was one of those who petitioned the city fathers for "The 
Angular Piece of Ground" on which the Brick Church so long stood. The time 
and occasion of his leaving New York are thus recorded in the old Session Book 
under date of August 26, 1768: "j\Ir. Thomas Jackson, a worthy member of this 
Session, having applyed himself to the Ministry & removed out of this City, is no 
longer considered a Member of this Judicature." Where Mr. Jackson settled has 
not yet been ascertained. In the History of the Brick Church it is stated that he 
was a "Soldier of the Revolution," but he has not been identified as such unless he 
was the Lieutenant Thomas Jackson who accompanied Colonel Tallmadge in the 
raid from the Connecticut shore in December, 1780. They were probably influ- 
enced by Lieutenant Heathcote Muirson, son of our member. Dr. James De Lancey 
Muirson, in tiie selection of St. George's Manor, Muirson's former home, as the 
place of attack. The raid was successful, in that they carried off about fifty old 
men who were taking no part in the Revolution, but living quietly in their homes. — 
Hist. Society Library; Hist. Brick Church; Min. Com. Council; the Press. 



159 CAPTAIN WALTER MITCHELSON. 

Captain Mitchelson received the following appointments in the army : Lieu- 
tenant Fire Workers, Royal Regiment of Artillery, in 1757 ; Second Lieutenant 
Royal Artillery in 1760; First Lieutenant Royal Artillery in 1764. In 1759 he was 
one of the defenders of Fort Ligonier, on the Western frontier, when it was 
attacked by the French, and one of his comrades, writing to a friend in New 
York under date of July 7th, stated, "We are extremely obliged to Lieutenant 
]\Titchelson of the Artillery for his vigilance and application. After a few well- 
play'd shells and brisk Fire from the Works the Enemy retired." He sailed on 
the ship Britannia for London, October 30, 1766. In 1774 he was stationed 
either at Gibraltar or in Minorca, where he remained until 1777. In 1778 his 
name does not appear on the Army List, either active or retired, and he must 
therefore have sold out or died. — A'^. Y. Mercury; Ford; Army List. 



160 GENERAL JOHN REID. 

John Robertson was the eldest son of Alexander Robertson of Straloch, 
whose forefathers for more than three centuries were always called Barons Rua, 



94 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 

Roy or Red, from the first of the family having had red hair. The signature of 
of the family was always Robertson, all the younger children bearing that name. 
John, though the heir of the family, did not observe this rule, but retained the 
name and signature of Red, which he changed to Reid. He was born at Inver- 
chroskie in Strathardle, Perthshire, February 13, 1721, and received his early 
education in Perth, and being intended for the law was sent to Edinburgh Uni- 
versity. Destiny, however, determined that he should be a soldier, so he entered 
the army in 1745, with a commission as Lieutenant in Loudoun's Highlanders, 
taking part in "The Forty-five." He was taken prisoner at Prestonpans, but 
was released the following spring. He served with his regiment in Flanders and 
took part in the defence of Bergen-op-Zoom, and at the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle 
he was placed on half-pay. In 1751 he became Captain-lieutenant in the Black 
Watch and in 1752 he obtained his captaincy. Four years later, on the outbreak 
of the war with France, he sailed with his regiment to America. He was not 
present at the first attack on Ticonderoga, as he was on the sick list and left 
behind at Albany. In 1759 Reid, by that time a Major, took part in the second 
advance to Lake Champlain under Amherst, which resulted in the surrender of 
Forts Ticonderoga and Crown Point. On him devolved the command of the 
42nd during the greater part of the campaign of 1760, which ended with the 
capture of Montreal and the expulsion of the French from Canada. Reid 
remained in America until December, 1761, when the regiment was ordered to the 
West Indies. There he took part in the capture of Martinique, and at the storm- 
ing of Morne Tortenson, on January 24, 1762, was in command of the first 
battalion, which suffered heavy loss, and he himself was wounded in two places, 
recovering in time to take part in the expedition against Havana that year. 
After the surrender of Cuba he returned to New York and with the rank of 
Lieutenant-Colonel. On December 28, 1762, he married Susannah Alexander, 
sister of William Alexander, the self-styled Lord Stirling. Early in 1763 his 
regiment was stationed at Albany and later in that year it was sent to the relief of 
Port Pitt, then besieged by the Indians, who were defeated in the well-fought 
battle of Bushy Run. In the following summer the 42nd again formed part of 
another expedition under Bouquet against the Indians on the Ohio and Muskin- 
gum Rivers. In 1765 Lieutenant-Colonel Reid commanded the forces in the 
district of Port Pitt, where he was somewhat annoyed by the lawless frontiersmen. 
In 1767 the Royal Highland Regiment left America for Ireland and Reid pre- 
sumably accompanied it, and in 1770 he was placed on half-pay. In 1771 he was 
the owner of a large tract of land in Vermont, obtained partly through his marriage 
with Miss Alexander and partly by grant from the Colonial authorities. On 
these lands he had placed tenants, but the people of Bennington expelled them 
on the frivolous pretext of having a prior claim to the lands, granted them by 
the government of New Hampshire. His after-claims for compensation, before 
the Commissioners, resulted in practically no redress. In May,' 1778, the ancestral 
estate of Straloch passed out of the family, the General being unable to come to 
his father's assistance. In 1780 Reid raised practically at his own expense the 



1762 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 95 

95th regiment, of which he was appointed Colonel. In October, 1781, he became 
Major-General and at the peace in 1783 his regiment was disbanded. He was 
raised to the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1793, appointed Colonel of the 88th, 
or Connaught Rangers, in 1794, and became General in the army in 1798. In 
1796 his cousin, General John Small, left him by will some four or five thousand 
acres of land in Nova Scotia "as a mark of . . . respect . . . and attachment 
to the preservation of his name and representation for succeeding ages." The 
General had only one daughter, Susannah, who married Dr. John Stark Robert- 
son (member, 1793). This marriage was disapproved of by the General and he 
became estranged from his daughter, refusing ever after to see her. It was 
probably this circumstance which induced him to realize on his property in Nova 
Scotia. His entire fortune, amounting to about £52,000, was left by will to 
certain trustees, giving the liferent use to his daughter and the reversion to 
Edinburgh University "for establishing and endowing a Professor of Music in 
the College and University of Edinburgh, where I was educated and spent the 
pleasantest part of my youth." He also left directions that a concert should be 
given annually on or about his birthday, to commence with several pieces of his 
own composition, particularly "The Garb of Old Gaul," a composition written 
by Sir Charles Erskine and set to music by Reid while Major of the Black Watch, 
and which was long the regimental march, and may be so now. Reid also 
composed several military marches and was regarded as the best gentleman 
player on the German flute in England. General Reid died in the Haymarket 
district of London, February 6, 1807, and was interred in St. Margaret's, 
Westminster. — Brown's Hist, of the Highlands; Diet. Nat. Biog.; Appleton; Col. 
Doc; Richards' Black Watch; Gent. Mag. 

[Name appears in Register as Colin Reid, the manner in zvhich the zvord 

Colonel was zurittcn leading to the mistake. The pamphlet of ijjo gives 

"Colonel Reid."] 



161 COLONEL BEVERLY ROBINSON. 

Colonel Rouinson was born in Virginia in 1723, where his father, John, 
was President of the Council and Speaker of the House of Burgesses. Colonel 
Robinson married Susannah Phillipse. In 1756 he was in the dry goods business 
in Wall Street and in 1757 of the firm of De Lancey, Robinson & Co., Duke 
Street, where they sold European and Indian goods, also sugar, indigo, rice, and 
New York, Jamaica and West India rum. In 1759 he was Major under Wolfe 
at Quebec. In 1763 he was Commissary and Paymaster of New York Forces. 
At the Revolution he took the Royalist side and raised the Loyal American Re<^i- 
ment and became its Colonel. His five gallant sons also espoused the cause of the 
mother country. Colonel Robinson took a prominent part in the capture of Fort 
Montgomery in 1777. He was concerned in Arnold's treason, his country man- 
sion being used by Arnold. He was one of those who pleaded for Andre's life. 
His estate was, of course, confiscated and the compensation paid him by Great 
Britain was quite inadequate to his losses, his services and his merit. After the 



96 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1762 

war he went to New Brunswick and became a member of the first council of 
that colony. He was a great-nephew of John, Bishop of Bristol, afterwards of 
London, who had been Lord Privy Seal in the reign of Anne. Colonel Robinson 
died at Thornbury, near Bath, England, April 9, 1792, at the age of 70 years. 



162 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL NICHOLAS SUTHERLAND. 

Sutherland was appointed Ensign in the 62nd, Royal Americans, in 1756, was 
transferred as Lieutenant to the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, in 1757, pro- 
moted to be Captain-Lieutenant in 1758, and Captain in 1761. He served in 
the expedition against Fort-du-Quesne in 1758 and with Amherst in 1759 in 
his expedition to the Lakes. In 1760 he was sent on detached duty against the 
Cherokees and was wounded. He also served in the expeditions against Mar- 
tinico and Havana in 1762 and in 1763 was placed on half pay. In 1764 he 
received a grant of land situated between Ticonderoga and Crown Point, Essex 
County, New York. In 1765 he was again called to the colours as Captain in 
the 21st, or Royal North British Fusileers, and in 1772 he was raised to the rank 
of Major. In 1776 he was gazetted Lieutenant-Colonel of the 47th. He was 
with Burgoyne in 1777, and while the army was in retreat he was sent forward 
to construct a bridge at Fort Edward. He returned to the main army and was 
one of the negotiators sent to Gates, who agreed to the convention and surrender, 
a convention which was dishonourably repudiated by Congress. In 1778, while at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, he was in ill health and application was made for 
leave to go to Europe and suggesting his exchange for Colonel Webb, a prisoner 
in the hands of the British in New York. Colonel Sutherland died July 18, 1781, 
and in the notice in the New York Royal Gazette he was styled Colonel of the 
Sutherland Fencibles. 



163 CAPTAIN CHRISTOPHER VANS. 

This member was identified in the pamphlet issued by the Society in 1911 
as Captain Christopher Vail, but the death notice of that individual subsequently 
found gave his age, which made necessary the abandonment of that theory. In 
the pamphlet of 1770 the name appears as above. It does not appear in the Army 
List, nor has it been found in the shipping list of 1762 either as Vans, Vance or 
Vaus. No Captain Christopher with any name resembling Vans has been noted. 
This member therefore remains unidentified. 



1763 



164 THOMAS BUCHANAN. 

Thomas Buchanan, eldest son of George and Jean Lowden Buchanan, was 
born at Glasgow, December 24, 1744. His father was a man of fortune and 



1763 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 97 

liberal education and a leading merchant in Glasgow during the early part of the 
18th century. After finishing his studies at the University of Glasgow Thomas 
determined to visit America, and arrived in New York soon after he had com- 
pleted his eighteenth year. Walter Buchanan, a cousin of his father, was then 
engaged in business in New York and Thomas in a short time became a partner 
with him. Their store was for many years in Queen Street, opposite the upper 
end of the Fly-Market, and their business was principally confined to importing 
and selling goods from Glasgow, London, Liverpool and Bristol. In 1765 they 
became one of the largest shipowners in New York. The firm underwent several 
changes, Walter ultimately withdrawing, and the business eventually became 
merged in Thomas Buchanan & Son. During the Revolutionary War Thomas 
remained neutral, retaining the esteem of both Americans and British. To his 
firm was consigned the cargo of tea in the Nancy, Captain Lockyer, which was 
returned to London by the indignant citizens of New York in 1774. In 1775 he 
was one of the Committee of One Hundred. At the second meeting of the 
Chamber of Commerce in 1768 he was elected a member, although only in his 
twenty-fourth year, and from 1780 to 1783, was Vice-President, and in the latter 
year was elected President, but declined to serve. Stevens gives the following 
portrait of him : "His hair was sandy, his eyes light blue, his complexion florid ; 
he was of middle height and not very stout in his youth but grew larger with 
advancing years; he then wore his hair powdered and tied in a cue, which was 
daily arranged with much particularity. His usual dress was a blue coat with 
bright buttons, light waistcoat, small clothes and silk stockings. He always wore 
a white stock and gold buckles. The style of his dress was that generally adopted 
by gentlemen of the old school of his age and position." His country seat was 
on the East River, near Hurl Gate. He married Almy, daughter of Jacob Town- 
send of Oyster Bay, and by her had five daughters and one son, George. The 
son died young and unmarried. Almy married Peter P. Goelet ; Margaret mar- 
ried Robert Ratsey Goelet ; Martha married Thomas Hicks, son of Whitehead 
Hicks, the Mayor of New York; Elizabeth married Samuel Gilford, and Frances 
married Thomas Campbell Pearsall. All of their male descendants are eligible 
to membership in this Society. Recently a writer in the New York Herald stated 
that tradition avers that the young wife was unwilling to give up the country life 
to which she was accustomed and specially desired a home where she could keep 
a cow. To humour this wish Mr. Buchanan bought the farm, and much of the 
wealth of the above families may be attributed to Mrs. Buchanan's desire to keep 
a family cow on Manhattan Island. The following excerpt from the minutes 
of The Buchanan Society of Glasgow, dated November 6, 1792, shows his interest 
in things Scottish : "At this Meeting Thomas Buchanan, Esquire, Merchant in 
New York, eldest son of Conveener George Buchanan, Maltman, in Glasgow, 
was admitted a Member of the Society, for whom George Buchanan, his brother, 
paid into the Treasurer five guineas." He died at his residence in Wall Street, 
September 10, 1815, "leaving behind him an unstained reputation and the example 
of an honourable and highly successful merchant and honest man." 



98 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1763 

165 WALTER BUCHANAN. 

Manager, 1772-1773. 

Walter Buchanan was born in Glasgow, January, 1721, and was, so far as 
known, the first of the family in New York. He seems to have been a son of 
Alexander Buchanan of Gartacharne, who was uncle of George, father of our 
member, Thomas, and head of this particular family of Buchanan. On March 15, 
1762, Walter advertised in Gaine's New York Mercury a variety of dry goods, 
"Sagorthees, duroys, Plyden leather breeches, &c., at his store on Peck's Slip, 
next door to the sign of the Half Moon, as imported in the last vessels from 
London, Liverpool and Glasgow." Shortly thereafter he took into partnership 
Thomas, his first cousin once removed, under the firm name of Walter & Thomas 
Buchanan. In 1772 the firm dissolved partnership and for a time Walter carried 
on business on his own account. On July 20, 1769, he married Lillias Campbell, 
daughter of Lachlan Campbell of Campbell Hall, Ulster County, New York, and 
widow of our member, Dr. James Murray. The Presbyterian Church Records 
givethebirthof a daughter Jane in 1771 and of a son John in 1772, both of whom 
died young. About the time the British occupied New York Walter moved to 
Hanover, New Jersey, and there on June 4, 1777, his son, Walter Washington 
Buchanan, was born, and on April 11, 1780, a daughter, Elizabeth, who died 
October 4, 1804. When the war was over he and John Thomson, who had 
retired to Pluckemin, New Jersey, returned to New York and in 1784 formed a 
partnership under the firm name of Buchanan & Thomson, at 243 Queen Street, 
dealing in dry goods, cotton, rum, sugar, &c. In May, 1785, they advertised that 
they intended to "decline business" and offered their stock for sale on that basis. 
On June 15, 1786, Buchanan sailed for London in the ship Betsey. In May, 
1787, the firm dissolved and Buchanan moved to 217 Water Street; in 1790 to 
55 Queen Street and in 1791 to 17 Great Dock Street. In 1795 he was located 
near the shipyards at Cherry Street, which would indicate that he had drifted into 
a poor neighbourhood as his business was declining. Adversity seems to have 
overtaken him, as from 1804 until 1814 his name at intervals appears on the 
books of our Managers. On May 25, 1815, he died at Schenectady, New York, at 
the advanced age of 94 years and 4 months and was buried in St. George's Church- 
yard there. 

166 JOHNSTON FAIRHOLME. 

Manager 1772-73. 

In his early days Johnston Fairholme was a merchant in the Island of Jamaica, 
West Indies. When he came to New York is not known. At the breaking out of 
the war he withdrew to Perth Amboy. In July, 1776, he was arrested by Major 
Duyckinck and sent to General Livingston at Elizabethtown. He was subse- 
quently sent to the Provincial Congress, which directed him to remain on parole 
at Trenton, but later permitted him to Hve at Bordentown. He became a member 
of the Chamber of Commerce April 6, 1773, and an Honorary member of the 
Marine Society. 



1763 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 99 

167 ALEXANDER FORBES. 

In early life Forbes went to sea and in 1750 we find him master of the ship 
Dover, belonging to Captain John Waddell. Forbes then lived at the back of 
the Spring Garden. On October 30, 1756, he married Eva, daughter of John 
Bussing. He was then a shopkeeper, but afterwards became a farmer in the Out 
Ward. He was appointed Poor House Keeper from May 1, 1760, at a salary of 
£70 per annum. In 1763 he advertised for a "Publick Whipper," adding that 
"good encouragement will be given to any Person that may incline to offer." 
Evidently the inmates were not permitted to be idle, for he advertised that he 
had "Oakum, Candle Week, Shoe Thread, and Garden Greens" for sale and 
would give ready money for old junk. One is curious to know why old junk 
was wanted in the Alms House. Because he was deprived of the services of a 
"Whipper" his salary was enlarged by £20 on August 15, 1764, evidently on the 
principle that he must provide his own Whipper or do the job himself. He was 
then known as Overseer of the Work House, Alms House and House of Correc- 
tion. In 1772 he still held this position. He died in January or February, 1784, 
his will being admitted to probate February 14th of the same year. His widow 
and a son, William, and four daughters are mentioned in his will and his brothers, 
John and William, were appointed executors. Forbes may have been of the 
family of John Forbes of Hempstead, Long Island, who left sons named Alex- 
ander, John, William and Robert. — Minutes N. Y. Common Council; the Press. 



168 COLONEL PETER ROBERT LIVINGSTON. 

Colonel Livingston, eldest surviving son of Colonel Robert Livingston, third 
Lord of the Manor, was born April 27, 1737. He became a merchant in New 
York and carried on business in 1761 at his store "behind the Post Office," where 
he sold dry goods, rum, molasses and sugar. In that year he was elected to 
represent the Manor in the Provincial Assembly and again in 1768 and 1774. He 
was commissioned Colonel of the Manor of Livingston, or Tenth Albany Regi- 
ment of Militia on October 20, 1775. On the outbreak of the Revolution he 
espoused the popular side in the struggle of the Colonies for independence and 
was elected a member of the New York Convention. On the 26th of September, 
1776, he was chosen by ballot to be President of this Convention, in the place of 
Abraham Yates, Junior, who had been granted leave of absence for the purpose of 
visiting his family. He also acted for some time as chairman of the New York 
Committee of Safety. He performed no military service during the war. Owing 
to his want of military experience. General Ten Broeck, in the summer of 1778, 
objected to his being appointed to the command of the Expedition to Unadilla. It 
was his young brother, Henry, who commanded the Manor regiment at Saratoga. 
He is said to have resigned his commission September 21, 1780. On June 6, 1758, 
he married Margaret, daughter of James Livingston. He died at Livingston 
Manor, November 15, 1794, leaving several children. — The Livingstons of Cal- 
Icnder; Year Book N. Y. Society, S. A. R.; Gen. and Biog. Rec, Vol. 41, p. 300. 



100 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1763 

169 BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM MALCOM. 

Secretary 1765-67, 1772-75; Treasurer 1773-74; Alanager 

1784-85; Second Vice-President 1785-87; 1790-91 ; 

First Vice-President 1787-88. 

William Malcom was born in Aberdeen in the year 1745. He came to this 
country at an early age and embarked in business in 1763 as an importer of 
Scottish goods, being then located near the Fly Market. What the character 
of those goods was can only be guessed at from the fact that he was a ship 
chan-Jler immediately before and after the war. At the outbreak of the Revolu- 
tion he became an ardent partisan of his adopted countr\', became prominent as 
a "Son of Liberty," and in 1776 raised at his own expense the 2nd Regiment, 
known as Malcom's, in which he served as Major and Colonel. He was 
appointed, April 30, 1777, Colonel of the 16th Additional Continental Regiment, 
serving therein until his retirement, April 22, 1779. During this period he was 
appointed Adjutant-General of the Northern Department under General Gates. 
At the close of the war he commanded the militia of New York and Richmond 
Counties. He joined the Chamber of Commerce in 1784, became Assistant Alder- 
man of the Montgomery Ward in 1785 and a member of the Legislature for the 
years 1784, 1786 and 1787. He married Sarah Ayscough and by her had three 
sons, who at a later date became members of the Society. This Society is indebted 
to General Malcom for his warm interest in it, and it was through his friendly 
instrumentality that the Society in 1784 was revived and again enabled to con- 
tinue the work of "relieving the distressed." General Malcom died September 1, 
1791, and was buried with military and Masonic honours in the "burial yard 
appertaining to the Brick Church near the Park." The following epitaph ap- 
peared on the monument raised over his grave and is taken from the Collection 
of American Epitaphs: 

"In memory of general William Malcom, esquire, a native of Scotland, 
and, for thirty years, a citizen of New York, a man in whom were united 
some of the principal qualities, which serve to characterize both nations. 
Industry, social manners, and good sense, endeared him to an extensive 
acquaintance. A cultivated understanding joined to the love of liberty, led 
him to appear among the foremost of those, who asserted the rights and 
secured the freedom of the United States of America. He died on the first 
day of September, 1791, in the forty-seventh year of his age, leaving a large 
family and many friends to lament his death." 



170 CAPTAIN DAVID MASTERTON. 

Captain Masterton was a native of Scotland. In 1759 he was master of the 
privateer brig True Briton and in May of that year, after a fight of two hours, 
captured the French sloop Enterprise with the loss of a few men wounded, while 



1763 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 101 

in September he captured oft' the south side of Hispaniola another French sloop, 
Le Constant, bound from Martinico to Marseilles, and brought her into New 
York. In October he sailed for Jamaica as master of the ship Martha. In 1761 
he was master of the sloop William & Mary, also for Jamaica. In 1762 he was 
"in the King's service" transporting troops in the brig Brookland. In 1763 he 
was trading in the same brig between Bristol and Jamaica, making, as was usual. 
New York a port of call. In 1765 he was master of the snow Mercury, also in 
the Bristol trade. This vessel was described as new and of cedar. In 1766 he 
sailed the brig Nancy for Leghorn, and in the two following years traded with 
Surinam in the same brig. In 1773 he was master of the brig William, trading 
to Newry, in Ireland. That same year he conducted a ship chandlery business 
between Burling's Slip and the Fly Market. In January, 1774, he advertised 
his house for rent and offered his goods at first cost, "as he was leaving off the 
shop keeping business." From this time on David must have left New York, 
or at least no reference has been found until 1778, when he is again located near 
the Fly Market. In 1779 he showed his loyalty by signing an address to Gov- 
ernor Pattison offering to help defend the city. On December 31, 1762, he 
married Margaret Bogert, daughter of Peter Bogert and Maria Roome, his wife, 
and brought up a family of eight children, two of them, Alexander and Peter, 
became members of the Society at a later date. According to the directories he 
carried on his business from 1787 to 1793 at 49 Water Street and thereafter till 
1802 at 172 Water Street, but it is probable that the change was only a change in 
the numbering. In 1803 he removed to 71 William Street, where he died, January 
17, 1805, "an old and highly respected citizen." — The Press. 



171 ROBERT MIDDLETON. 

Many references to individuals named Middleton have been noted, many 
without Christian names, but only one Robert Middleton has come within our ken. 
The following is not offered as an identification, for the date of the item is prior 
to the election of our member, but it is given for what it may be worth. 
• "Thirty Pistoles Reward. 

Wilmington, April 8, 1762. 
"Run-Away on or about the 27th of last month from his Bail, and in debt 
to sundry creditors to the Amount of several Thousand Pounds, a certain Robert 
Middleton, about 35 years old, 5 feet 5 or 6 inches high, of a dark complection, 
middling round Vissage, sharp Nose, dark Eyes, cheerful Countenance much 
pitted with the Small-pox, middling well built, is free and agreeable in Company, 
forward in talking. Card-playing, and drinking but not apt to be drunk, snuffs 
and sings well, but with a strong Voice; when he went away wore a short black 
Wig, his Apparel uncertain : It is supposed he will endeavour to get to his Partner, 
James Weir, who sail'd from this Port last Spring, to Tortola, with Captain Joell 
and is not yet returned. Whoever takes up said Middleton, and secures him in 



102 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1763 

any Gaol on this Continent or elsewhere so that his Bail and his Creditors may 
have him again, shall have the above Reward, paid by us the subscribers, James 
Bratten, George Thompson, John Miller, Esq. ; Isaac Richardson, Esq. ; William 
Clingan', Esq.; John Douglas, Esq.; Robert Karree, John Fleming, Thomas 

Karling. 

N, B. — Said Middleton followed shalloping from Wilmington to Philadelphia. 
All Masters of Vessels are forwarned not to carry him ofi."—Weyman's Gacctte, 
April 12, 1762. 

172 CAPTAIN JAMES PATERSON. 

Captain Paterson was a mariner and believed to be of the brig Eagle, which 
traded to Belfast and Liverpool. About this period there were a number of ship 
captains named Paterson, whose Christian names are not given. In January, 
1764, a letter addressed to Captain James lay in the Post Office and was adver- 
tised in the Mercury. On February 10, 1764, one of the name and Elizabeth 
Haley secured a marriage license. His name does not appear in the pamphlet 
of 1770. 



173 MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SMALL. 

John Small was the third son of Patrick Small and Magdalen Robertson, 
sister of Alexander Robertson, the father of General John Reid, member 1762. 
These two members were therefore first cousins and were evidently on terms 
of close friendship. Small was born at Strathardle, Perthshire, in 1726. He 
entered the army early in life and his career throughout was an eventful one. He 
first saw service with the Scots Brigade in Holland, being appointed Ensign in the 
Earl of Drumlanrig's regiment when raised for service under the States-General 
in 1747. This regiment was reduced in 1752. In 1756 Small was on the half-pay 
list, and on the eve of the departure of the 42nd for America he received an 
ensigncy and soon after a lieutenantcy in that regiment. He fought with the 
Black Watch at Ticonderoga in 1758, accompanied Amherst the following year 
in the expedition to Lake Champlain, and in 1760 went down from Oswego to 
Montreal. After the surrender of that city he was sent in charge of French 
prisoners to New York. In 1762 he served in the West Indies, taking part in 
the capture of Martinique and Havana, and obtained his promotion as Captain. 
The second battalion of the 42nd was reduced at the peace in 1763 and returned 
to Scotland and Small was again placed on half-pay. In 1765 he was appointed to 
a company in the 21st, or Royal North British Fusiliers, which came soon after to 
America. When the first battalion of the 42nd left for Europe in 1767 many 
of the men of that regiment volunteered to stay in America and joined the 21st 
in order to serve under Small, who was deservedly popular. That same year 
he was appointed Major of Brigade. It was probably during the interval between 
the Seven Years' War and the War of the Revolution that he began to acquire 



1763 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 103 

the property in Nova Scotia, part of which he afterwards bequeathed to his 
cousin, General Reid. In 1775 he received a commission to raise a company of 
Highlanders in Nova Scotia. He was present as a brigade major at the Battle 
of Bunker Hill. Trumbull, in his painting of that battle, shows General Warren, 
who had fallen, being defended by Major Small, who wards ofif the British 
grenadiers who were about to despatch Warren. Richards, in his work on the 
"Black Watch at Ticonderoga," states that in the course of that day Small owed 
his life to General Putnam, who, seeing him standing alone at a time when all 
around him had fallen, struck up the barrels of the Americans' muskets. The 
latter story, however, may be a case of placing the boot on the wrong foot. 
Shortly after Small was appointed Major-Commandant of the second battalion 
□f the 84th, or Highland Emigrants, raised by General Allan McLean. In 1780 
he was raised to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1782 he was quartered on 
Long Island, and in 1783 his battalion was disbanded at Windsor, Nova Scotia, 
where the men settled and formed the present town of Windsor. Small, once 
more on half-pay, returned home and in 1790 became a Colonel in the army and 
in 1793 was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey. In October, 1794, he 
became Major-General and on March 17, 1796, he died at Guernsey in the 70th 
year of his age and was buried in the church of St. Peter Port. General Stewart 
jf Garth wrote of General Small, "No chief of former days ever more fairly 
secured the attachment of his clan, and no chief ever deserved it better. With 
in enthusiastic and almost romantic love of his country and countrymen, it 
seemed as if the principal object of his life had been to serve them, and promote 
prosperity. Equally brave in leading them in the field, and kind, just and con- 
:iliating in quarters, they would have indeed been ungrateful if they had regarded 
lim otherwise than they did. There was not an instance of desertion in his bat- 
alion." — McLean's Highlanders in America; Richards' Black Watch; Stewart 
yf Garth. 



174 GEORGE WILSON. 

George Wilson was a wine merchant at this time, of whom nothing further 
s known. 



1764 



175 CAPTAIN ROBERT ALEXANDER. 

Robert Alexander became a Freeman of the City in 1758 and was then 
ityled merchant. In 1760 he dealt in mercery and millinery next door to Mr. 
\nthony Lamb's in Rotten Row. In 1762 he was master of the schooner Nancv, 
rading to Liverpool, Cork and North Carolina. In the winter of 1763 he was 
igain ashore. Some time thereafter he was the junior partner in the firm of 



104 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1764 

Thomson & Alexander and this copartnership expired on May 1, 1770, and was 
succeeded by Robert Alexander & Co. On March 5, 1772, one Robert Alexander 
and Jane Willett applied for and were granted a marriage license. On April 2, 
1772, he went to London as a passenger, returning in October of the same year. 
In 1777 the same firm was located in Water Street, between the Coflfee House 
and Old Slip, and the character of the business seemed to be ship chandlery. 
Thereafter Alexander no longer has any part in New York life. He probably went 
home with the army. 

[Appears on our Records as George, a palpable error.] 



176 CAPTAIN JAMES DREW. 

Captain Drew was in the merchant service. In 1760 he was master of the 
snow Fox and was captured by the French near Antigua, but was recaptured by 
the privateer Sturdy Beggar, Captain Robert Troup. Captain Drew made a 
gallant defence, but he, his crew and passengers were subjected to cruel treatment. 
In 1764 he was master of the Manufacturer, engaged in the Bristol trade. In 
1772 he lost his ship, the Thomas and Robert, while entering the harbour of 
Dunkirk. In 1779 one Captain Drew of the privateer Lady Erskine, of eight 
guns, was captured by two privateers off New London. Our member may have 
been the Captain James Drew who married Lydia Watkins, April 16, 1792, and 
lived in the Out Ward in 1793, at which time he made his will. While acting 
Lieutenant on H. M. S. Cerberus, of which his uncle was the captain, both uncle 
and nephew were drowned at Plymouth, England, in January, 1798. 



177 LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR ANDREW ELLIOT. 

Lieutenant-Governor Elliot was born in Scotland, November, 1728, and was 
the third son of Sir Gilbert Elliot, Baronet, Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland, known 
as Lord Minto. He was educated in Dalkeith school and the High School of 
Edinburgh. A story is told of his early youth which shows the strictness with 
which he was brought up. One day Andrew objected to eating boiled mutton at 
dinner, and Lord Minto turned to the servant who stood beside him, saying, "Let 
Mr. Andrew have boiled mutton for breakfast, boiled mutton for dinner and 
boiled mutton for supper until he has learned to like it." After school he was 
placed for a short time in the house of Mr. John Coutts to learn business. In the 
autumn of 1746, before he was full eighteen years of age, he sailed for America 
to seek his fortune and, with a capital of i700 provided by his father, he set up 
as a merchant in Philadelphia. On October, 1754, he married his first wife, 
Eleanor McCall, who was the daughter of a Philadelphia merchant and had some 
fortune. She died in 1756, leaving one daughter, Eleanor, and Andrew married 
secondly in 1759 or the beginning of 1760 Elizabeth Plumstead, who also had 



1764 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 105 

some fortune, being possessed of houses and lands to the vahie of £5,000. There 
is a tradition in the family that Washington was in love with this lady and made 
her an offer of marriage and that she preferred the young merchant to the young 
soldier and became Mrs. Elliot. Elliot appears to have thriven in business, and 
in 1759 and following years, when at war with France, he acted as storekeeper. 
In 1761 he gave up trading and in 1763 revisited England for the first time, after 
an absence of seventeen years. He brought his wife and family with him and 
his daughter Agnes (Nancy), afterwards Lady Carnegie, was born in his father's 
house in Edinburgh. While in Scotland he received through the influence of his 
brother, Gilbert, member of Parliament for Selkirk and confidant and counselor 
of Lord Bute, the appointment of Collector of Customs at New York, December, 
1763, and in January, 1764, the Receivership of the other duties and revenues of 
the Province, and then returned to America in the ship Roebuck, landing in Phila- 
delphia in August of that year. Hitherto he had lived in Philadelphia, but now, 
in consequence of his official position, he removed to Nev^f York. He was strongly 
attached to his old home in Scotland and gave the name "Minto" to his house at 
New York, situated on the Bowery Road near Ninth Street, which he described 
as situated outside the town, on a rising ground commanding the two rivers. 
During the troubles occasioned by the passing of the Stamp Act in 1765 Elliot 
showed much courage and a determination at all risks to do his duty during the 
disturbances that preceeded the actual outbreak of the civil war, and afterwards 
remained at his post to the last. On April 5, 1775, he writes that blood had been 
shed at Boston, that 300 armed men had marched to his house and demanded 
the key of the Custom House, but he himself was treated with civility. He appealed 
to the Government and a captain of a man-of-war ; the key was returned and 
business went on. Three months later he writes that 1,700 Connecticut men were 
encamped close to his house and that he was the only person who had not run 
away. He stuck to his post till these men took possession of the city, when he 
removed with his family to Amboy. When the city was reoccupied by the British 
troops in 1776 he returned to New York. In May, 1777, General Howe appointed 
Elliot the head of a newly-established Military Court of Police and soon after 
Superintendent of Trade, with military authority. In May, 1778, General Jones, 
Howe's successor, appointed Elliot Superintendent-General of the Police of New 
York. In June of that year the Commissioners sent out from England to treat 
with the Americans, arrived in New York on board the Trident, commanded by 
his brother "Jack." In March, 1780, he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of 
the Province of New York, to which no salary appears to have been attached 
but which made him a Member of Council. General Robertson was the Governor- 
in-Chicf, and he. Chief Justice Smith and Lieutenant-Governor Elliot were sent 
to Washington's headquarters to intercede for Andre, but they were not allowed 
to land. Elliott had the full confidence of General Robertson and Sir Henry 
Clinton, the Commander-in-Chief, but the Home Government, in 1781, made 
complaints about the management of the Collector's office. He not only cleared 
himself of these charges and was returned to office but was employed on important 



106 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1764 

missions. On one of these he met Washington and renewed his old acquaintance, 
who compHmented him on the character he maintained in his office at New York. 
At the peace he left the country in December of 1783. He was much respected in 
New York. He had suffered great losses during the war and his property in 
Pennsylvania was confiscated but that in New York saved, and he preserved 
enough from the wreck to enable him after his return to Scotland to purchase 
"Greenwells," in Bowden Parish in his native county, Roxburgh, where he devoted 
himself to farming. The Elliot estate in Greenwich Village was sold to Randall 
in 1790 for £5,000 and is now Sailor's Snug Harbor property. He has been 
described as a man of strong sense, sterling loyalty and high respectability. He 
could never quite forgive his nephew. Sir Gilbert, afterwards Lord Minto, for 
having followed Burke on the question of America. He died at Mount Teviot, 
May 2^, 1797, and was buried at Minto. Mrs. Elliot died in May, 1799, and 
was buried beside her husband. — Applcton; The Border Elliots. 



178 CAPTAIN GEORGE KIDD. 

In 1760 Captain Kidd was master of the snow Bedford and in 1761 he was 
captured by the French on his passage from Madeira to Philadelphia and taken 
into Martinico. In 1764 he was master of the ship George and John, trading to 
London with passengers and freight. In all probability he was the senior partner 
of George and John Kidd of Philadephia, who were at that time located a few 
doors above Race Street and engaged in the wholesale and retail dry goods 
trade. 



179 DONALD McLEAN, M.D. 

Manager 1766-73 ; Treasurer 1774. 

Donald McLean was the third son of Charles of Drimnin, in Morvern, Mull, 
who led the McLeans arid fell at Culloden. His mother was Isobell, daughter of 
John Cameron of Erracht. Donald came to this country in 1757 as surgeon of 
the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, serving all through the campaign. In 1762 
he was in the wholesale and retail drug and wine business in Philadelphia under 
the firm name of McLean & Steuart "at the Sign of the Golden Pestle, in Second 
Street, near the Market," selling out, however, at the end of the year to Harris, 
Middleton & Smith. Both McLean and Steuart came to New York and went into 
the drug business, each on his own account. In 1764 McLean petitioned for a grant 
of 2,000 acres of land east of the Kinderhook Patent, and in 1766 he again peti- 
tioned for 2,000 acres of the tract of land purchased from the "Catts kill Indians." 
In 1768 a Return of Survey showed that the lands allotted to him were in Cairo, 
Greene County, New York. In 1766 he formed a copartnership, the firm becom- 
ing McLean & Treat, their drug store being in Hanover Square. In 1771 this 



1764 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 107 

partnership was dissolved and McLean continued the business on his own account. 
In 1774 he removed to Water Street, five doors west of the Coffee House, and 
on December 30, 1776, an advertisement appeared which stated that he "is now 
happily delivered from his late captivity and again returned to this city to his 
former place of residence in Water Street." He probably had visited his old 
companions in arms and had been captured by the enemy. Captain McDonald, in 
one of his letters to McLean, jocularly remarks that they proceeded to "Tech 
you the Method of Riding upon a Raile & Such other Manly Exercises as break- 
ing your head, &c." The fiery Captain mentioned one Gilliland, one of McLean's 
tormentors, as being one of the "70 or 80 Rascalls Called Officers confined in flat 
Bush Church" after the Battle of Long Island, and adds that had he foreseen 
then "he would have been ready to put the Dirk in him." Dr. McLean married, 
June 29, 1780, Henrietta McDonald of Invernessshire, daughter of Captain Allan 
McDonald of the 84th Regiment. Miss McDonald, her mother and sister had 
been virtually prisoners for three years at Schenectady, and escaped in disguise 
and under many difficulties. Dr. McLean died in New York City, January 10, 
1782. Rivington's Gazette states that he was very much respected for his great 
integrity, benevolence and good humour. The business was carried on in the 
interest of the widow by his nephew, Donald McLean, Junior. This led to a 
closer alliance, for on March 26, 1783, they secured a marriage license. In 
August of that year the business was advertised for sale on the ground that 
McLean was about to leave the country. 



180 COLONEL THE HON. RICHARD MAITLAND. 

Colonel Maitland, fourth son of the Vlth Earl of Lauderdale, was born in 
1724. He obtained a company in the 43rd Regiment, September, 1754, became 
Adjutant-General under Wolfe at Quebec, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and was appointed by General Murray to carry home the tidings of the victory. 
In 1764 he was appointed Deputy Adjutant-General on the staff of the army in 
North America. While in New York his home is described as being "next door 
below Widow Chambers' in Broad-way, with Stables, Coach House and Back 
Store." He received the rank of Colonel in 1772, and died July 13th of that 
year, leaving, by his wife, Mary McAdam, four sons, all of whom served their 
country either in the army or the navy, the youngest. James, a posthumous child, 
followed his father's profession, and as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 75th fell at the 
head of his regiment at the storming of Bhurtpore, in India, in 1805. The Nnv 
York Advertiser, in noting the death of Colonel Maitland, states that "he was 
polite in his address, of a sweet, affable and benevolent Disposition, without the 
least Tincture of the sour and austere, of the captious and censorious, of the 
assuming and overbearing. He was of a frank, open and generous mind ; a 
Stranger to all Artifice and Disguise; Faithfulness and Veracity, Honour and 



108 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1764 

Integrity, Candour and Humanity, were his just characteristics." Colonel Mait- 
land was buried in Trinity Church Yard. The descendants of his second son, 
Patrick, or Peter, eventually succeeded to the Earldom of Lauderdale after a 
memorable legal contest known as "The Lauderdale Peerage Case." 



181 CAPTAIN JOHN MUNRO. 

The earliest reference to Captain Munro which came to our attention ap- 
peared in the Presbyterian Church Records of this city, where the marriage, on 
April 12, 1758, of "John Munro, of Rhode Island, to the widow Jane Caldwell'' 
is recorded. In 1757 he was master of the sloop Two Friends, trading between 
New York and Rhode Island. In 1762 he was master of the Newport 
Passage Boat. In 1767 he was master of the Queen of Spain, trading to Poole, 
England. In 1769 he returned to his own particular business and was master of 
the sloop Lady Moore, from Boston and Rhode Island. He probably was the 
Captain John Munro, who became a member of the Marine Society on December 
23, 1795. No later references have been found. 



182 DAVID SPROAT. 

David Sproat was the son of David Sproat of Port Mary, near Dundrennan 
Abbey, Kirkcudbright. He came to Philadelphia in the year 1760 and soon 
entered into mercantile business as an importer and dealer in cloths, dry goods, 
etc., being located in 1767-68 on Front Street between Chestnut and Walnut 
Streets. On October 25, 1765, he was one of the signers of the Non-importation 
Resolutions. When war opened between the Colonies and Great Britain, he felt 
it his duty to cast his fortune with the mother country, and this proved to be at 
great pecuniary sacrifice. He entered the British service as a volunteer under 
Lord Howe in the expedition to the Chesapeake, preparatory to the occupation 
of Philadelphia, and after the battle on the Brandywine, September 11, 1777, Mr. 
Sproat was commissioned Commissary of prisoners. On October 13, 1779, he 
was made Commissary-general of naval prisoners, and was stationed in New 
York City, where American prisoners of war were confined on a number of 
prison-ships in the harbour. Charges of cruel treatment of prisoners, as to their 
care, clothing and food, reflecting severely upon those in charge, were freely 
made in the public press and in letters and pamphlets ; but a recent publication by 
Mr. James Lenox Banks, entitled, "Daind Sproat and Naval Prisoners in the 
War of the Revolution," shows, by letters and official documents, that Mr. Sproat 
had used all the means in his power to alleviate the condition of prisoners under 
his charge. Mr. Banks in the book referred to says that many of the statements 
as to the treatment of prisoners were largely based upon unproven charges of 
early writers and upon traditions founded on the bitter feeling of the day, when 



1764 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 109 

accusations were made that might have been tempered upon second thought. Mr. 
Sproat endeavoured to secure release from his painful duties, but Lord Rodney 
prevailed upon him to continue in that service as "the only person I can find 
capable of managing the business properly." Mr. Sproat made personal appeals 
for money to relieve the prisoners under his charge, for the purchase of suitable 
supplies of clothing and bedding, and advanced for this purpose £550 of his own 
money, which Congress in 1784, upon the recommendation of Robert Morris, 
ordered to be repaid to him, thus showing the confidence of that body in Mr. 
Sproat's honesty and in his work under such conditions. In a petition presented 
to the British Government for reimbursement for losses sustained, he said "that 
in consequence of his loyalty to the Crown he had been attainted of High Treason 
and his Estates confiscated and sold. His house was ransacked by the Commit- 
tee, his desk broken open, his Books, papers and furniture much damaged, his 
clerk confined in a Dungeon, his Servants turned out of doors, and his House 
converted into a Hospital for the accommodation of the Rebel Soldiers." Mr. 
Sproat left New York for Scotland in December, 1783, and settled on the entailed 
estate at Port Mary, Kirkcudbright. The following year he was elected a member 
of the Town Council and was twice elected Provost. He died there in October, 
1799, aged 65 years. — Hist. Cat. St. Andrciv's Society, Pliiladcll>hia; ct al. 



183 CAPTAIN JAMES STEVENSON. 

Captain Stevenson was the son of James Stevenson and Sarah, daughter 
of Johannes Gronendyck. His father was a native of Scotland, who came to 
America after the '15, became a Freeholder in the City of Albany in 1729, and 
held there several responsible trusts, among which was that of Receiver of Taxes. 
During the French and Indian War he served for a time as Commissary of 
Ordnance and regimental stores and provisions, receiving his commission from 
the Earl of Loudoun in 1756. He had two sons, James, our member, and John, 
the first President of Saint Andrew's Society of Albany, and one daughter, Sarah, 
who became the wife of General Gabriel Christie of the British army. His name 
appeared on the old bell, cast in 1751, which hangs in the tower of St. Peter's 
Church, Albany. Captain James joined the army in early youth and became 
Lieutenant in the 47th Regiment in 1758, Captain in the 28th Regiment in 1764 
(in which year he joined the Society), and on the return of that regiment to 
England was transferred in 1767 to the 60th, or Royal Americans, with which 
he served up to 1773. He returned to New York from England on the ship 
Beaver in October, 1768. He was sent to the fort and trading post at Detroit, 
where he was in command for some time, and on leaving there in 1772, when 
his regiment was ordered to Jamaica, the people of the district presented him with 
an address. His name does not appear in the British Army List of 1774, nor in 
Ford's list of officers who served during the Revolution, so that it is probable that 
he sold his commission. In 1774 he petitioned the government for 3,000 acres 



no BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1764 

of land in right of his father, who had died in 1769, and received the Return of 
Survey of these lands, situated in Ticonderoga, Essex County, New York. What 
part he took in the Revolution has not been ascertained, but from the fact that 
a caveat against the above land was entered December 1, 1784, it is a fair 
assumption that he remained loyal, and the property being in the hands of the 
enemy he was not permitted to enjoy it, and it probably was confiscated by the 
State. It is stated that he became a Colonel in the British army and died in 
London in 1799. In our Treasurer's accounts, under date of June 20, 1797, we 
find that one "Capt. Stevenson, a man of good character, but in low circumstances, 
a British officer, with a wife and nine small children, received the Society's 
bounty. This may be only a coincidence, but the circumstances warrant us in 
believing that it was our member who had struggled along in the only country he 
knew, unfitted by his life as a soldier to earn sufficient to support his family. It 
is to be hoped that the Society assisted him to make a respectable living. — Hist. 
Sketch of Albany St. Andrew's Society; Land Papers; the Press. 



1765 



184 THOMAS BELLARDIE. 

Thomas Bellardie, or Ballardie, was probably a planter or merchant in the 
Island of Jamaica, it having been ascertained that there was a family of that name 
there. No reference to Thomas has been found. 



185 PETER BLAIR, M.D. 

Dr. Blair was a surgeon in the Royal Artillery and accompanied Braddock 
in his campaign. The identification of Dr. Blair comes under the head of the 
"Romance of Research." After examining about fifty volumes of newspapers 
and a very large number of other authorities, Dr. Blair was found in the follow- 
ing manner. In the Mercury of September 16, 1765, there appeared a notice by 
John Duncan, of Schenectady, advertising for a runaway slave, and at the end 
of the description of the slave there came a list of his former employers. Dr. 
Blair being the first of such, and the above meagre account of him was added. 
No other reference has been found. In 1765 his name does not appear in the 
British Army List of active or retired officers. 



186 CAPTAIN ROBERT GEORGE BRUCE. 

The military appointments of Captain Bruce are as follows: Lieutenant 12th 
Regiment, May 14, 1757 ; Engineer extraordinary and Captain-Lieutenant, March 
17, 1759, with similar rank in 1768; Engineer in ordinary and Captain, May 25, 



1765 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIIiTY 111 

1772. His name appeared in the British Army List in 1778, but not in 1779. 
One of tiiis name was appointed a member of His Majesty's Couneil of Dominica 
on October 29, 1773. — Br. Army List ; .-lets of Privy Council. 



187 ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, M.D. 

Dr. Campbell was a native of Scotland and a resident of Norfolk, Va., from 
1744 to 1775. He became an honorary member of the Society while on a visit 
to New York in 1765. He practiced his profession for twenty years and after- 
ward engaged in trade in Norfolk. When the Revolution broke out he owned 
large property in lands, houses and slaves, besides stock in trade and outstanding 
debts. In 1775 he was of some assistance to Lord Dunmore and therefore became 
a marked man. He was taken prisoner at Great Bridge and sent to Williams- 
burgh, where he was confined four weeks and then liberated on parole. In 1776 
a party from the fleet attacked Norfolk and his wharf and stores were burned, and 
in May he procured passage to Bermuda in H. M. S. Nautilus. There he 
remained during the war, supporting himself and family by practicing his pro- 
fession. In 1784 he returned to Virginia for the purpose of recovering debts and 
remained there until 1789. His landed property had been saved through the 
exertions of his son and by an error in the confiscation proceedings. In 1789 
he appeared before the Claims Commissioners at Halifax and was awarded £3,980. 
He then stated that his family was in Bermuda and that he had no other place 
of residence. His subsequent career has not been traced. — Loyalist Papers. 



188 MAJOR WILLIAM DUNBAR. 

Major Dunbar of Woodside, Morayshire and Montreal, Canada, was third 
son of Sir George Dunbar, second Baronet of Mochrum. He entered the army 
as Lieutenant of the 44th Regiment of Foot, June 6, 1757, was made a Captain 
July 22, 1758, and served with his regiment throughout the French War. Charles 
Lee, who was always getting into trouble, wrote his sister that Dunbar had saved 
his life when attacked by a "rascally surgeon" just after the Battle of Ticonderoga, 
and added that Dunbar behaved gallantly at the attack on Niagara. From the 
Letter Book of Captain Alexander McDonald of the 84th we learn that Captain 
Dunbar had sold his commission after the peace of 1763 and had retired from 
the army, settling in Canada. Prior to 1770 Captain Dunbar married in Mont- 
real Josette Catherine, daughter of Fleury D'Eschambault, agent for the Com- 
pagnie-des-Indes, with headquarters in the Chateau de Ramezay. On the 26th of 
March, 1770, a daughter was born to them, who, about 1788, married Dr. George 
Selby of Montreal. There was another daughter, Jessie, who married Ralph 
Henry Bruyeres of the Royal Engineers. There seems to have been no other 
children. Burke says that the father-in-law was the Count de Chambaud, but this 



112 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1765 

is an error, no doubt brought about by the similarity of the French pronunciation. 
On October 8, 1773, Dunbar returned from London on the ship London, Captain 
Chambers, and in Rivington's Gazetteer he is styled Major and late of the 44th, 
and now "Town Major of Quebec." In May, 1775, he was captured on his 
way from Quebec to Boston and held prisoner until exchanged at Charlestown, 
opposite Boston, in June following. While on a vessel bound from Montreal to 
Quebec to assist in the defence of the latter city in December, 1775, Dunbar was 
captured by the Americans and kept a prisoner. At the Revolution Captain 
Dunbar received the appointment of Major in the 84th, Royal Highland Emi- 
grants, raised by Allan McLean, and succeeded in raising his company principally 
in Quebec. This appointment roused the ire of Captain McDonald, who repeat- 
edly wrote querulously on the injustice of making Dunbar outrank him. Major 
Dunbar remained with his regiment, the 84th, until the close of the war, when the 
regiment was disbanded. He settled in Canada and in 1775 was placed on the 
half-pay list. He died at Montreal, October 16, 1788. — McDomld's Letter 
Book; Caf'tain J. B. Dunbar of Pitgavcny; Archives Chateau de Ramesay; Lee 
Papers; the Press. 



189 JOHN FRENCH. 

John French was Secretary to Sir Henry Moore, Governor of the Province 
of New York, and was appointed by him Surrogate of the Prerogative Court in 
1766. He then resided at Amsterdam, Montgomery County, New York. Under 
date of "Fort George, this 11 of June 1766" the Governor issued the following 
order, now on record in the Surrogate's office of New York City: "To Mr. 
Goldsbrow Banyer, Deputy Secretary of this Province. Having appointed Mr. 
John French my Surrogate in the Prerogative Court of this Province, I desire 
you to deliver to him the seal of office on his demanding it. (Signed) H. Moore." 
Next day French received the Seal and gave his receipt for it. He died at Sandy 
Hook in July, 1768, and his will is on record in New York. After providing for 
the payment of his debts, he left ever>'thing to his wife, Jane, and added this 
tribute to her, "in whom I am well pleased." His widow sailed for London, 
October 18, 1769, on the ship Britannia.— From Col. Doc.; Nc^v York Wills; the 
Press. 



190 GENERAL LORD ADAM GORDON. 

Adam Gordon, fourth son of Alexander, second Duke of Gordon, and Lady 
Henrietta Mordaunt, his wife, daughter of the famous Lord Peterborough, was 
born about the year 1726. He entered the army in 1743 as a Cornet in the North 
British Dragoons, now known as the "Scots Greys," and in 1745 was raised to 
the rank of Lieutenant in "ye Independt Company of Foot to be forthwith raised 
for our (the King's) service." In September of the following year he got his 



1765 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 113 

Company in ihe Foot Regiment commanded by Brigadier-General James Flem- 
ing. In December of the same year he was given a Company in the Royal Regi- 
ment of Foot of Ireland, now the Royal Irish, commanded by his cousin-german, 
Brigadier-General John Mordaunt. In January, 1756, he became Captain-Lieu- 
tenant in the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards (the Scots Guards) with rank of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and became Captain in June following. In 1758 he served 
with General Edward Bligh on the coast of France when Cherbourg was cap- 
tured. In January, 1763, he received command of the 66th Regiment and in 
April, 1764, sailed with the regiment for Jamaica, touching at Madeira, Antigua 
and St. Christophers. Later in the year he came to the Provinces, making a tour 
throughout this country and Canada, and in May, 1765, he was in New Yovk 
where he met many members of this Society and all the prominent men of the 
Colony. In October following he sailed for home in the Hariot Packet. (In 
the MS of his tour he gives the following interesting statistics on the New York 
of that day. "There were in the six Wards 2,734 dwelling houses ; 312 store 
houses ; 12 churches and meeting houses ; 1 alms house ; 1 city hall ; 1 gaol ; 3 brew 
houses; 7 still houses; 5 sugar refineries.") In 1775 Gordon was appointed 
Colonel of the 26th or Cameronian Regiment ; in 1777 he was raised to the rank 
of Lieutenant-General ; in 1778 he was made Governor of Tynemouth Castle 
and in 1782 was appointed Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Foot, or Royals as 
they were then called, but now known as the Royal Scots, which command he 
held till his death. From 1789 to 1798 he was Commander-in-Chief of the Forces 
in Scotland, and took up his residence in Holyrood Palace which he repaired ex- 
tensively. In 1793 he was raised to the rank of General and in 1796 was made 
Governor of Edinburgh Castle. He represented Aberdeenshire in Parliament 
from 1754 to 1761 and again from 1761 to 1768. He also represented Kincardine- 
shire from 1774 to 1780. Gordon married Jane, daughter of John Drummond 
of Megginch, Perthshire, and widow of James Murray, second Duke of Atholl. 
She is said to have been the subject of Dr. Austen's song "For lack o' gold she 
left me, O." Lord Adam died at his seat, "The Barn," Kincardineshire, on 
August 13th, \80l.— Diet. Nat. Biog.; Genealogist. 



191 MAJOR ALEXANDER GRANT. 

Alexander Grant was commissioned Ensign in the 77th, Montgomery's High- 
landers, in 1758, and must not be confounded with Alexander, third son of Pat- 
rick, Vllllh of Glenmoristnn, who was commissioned Ensign in the same regi- 
ment in 1757, nor with the Alexander Grant of the "Black Watch." Grant 
served with his regiment throughout the campaign, was raised to the rank of 
Lieutenant in 1762, and retired on half-pay on the disbandment of the regiment 
m 1764. He settled on a farm belonging to Col. Beverly Robinson on the "Gore," 
north of the village of Paterson, Putnam County, New York, and acquired prop- 
erty and influence in the community. From the Government he received a grant 



114 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1765 

of 4,000 acres in the Catskill district. He married Sarah, daughter of the Rev. 
Elisha Kent, of the town of Southeast in Putnam County. At the Revolution 
he and Captain Archibald Campbell, another half-pay officer, were the first to 
raise provincial recruits to the support of the government. These were collected 
about the Hudson River and Grant and Campbell succeeded in bringing their men 
to Staten Island where the army landed. Governor Tryon, in a letter to Lord 
George Germaine, wrote that Grant had acquitted himself so honourably as to 
receive the thanks of General Howe transmitted to him in public orders. After 
some months these recruits were forwarded to Halifax where they arrived a few 
days before the embarkation of the troops for New York and returned with them. 
A regiment called the New York Volunteers was formed and Grant was given 
a captaincy therein. At the Battle of White Plains Grant's company occupied the 
left of the second column. On June 29, 1777, he was in New York and made a 
foraging expedition from King's Bridge towards White Plains, engaged the 
enemy and returned with cattle and horses. At the storming of Forts Montgom- 
ery and Clinton October 7, 1777, when he was in command of his regiment as 
Major, he was one of the killed and was buried on the field, his tombstone being 
in place as late as 1846. His widow had to give up the home in Putnam County 
and after Grant's death Sir Henry Clinton placed her on an abandoned farm near 
Newtown, Long Island, which she occupied for three years. Her pension as 
widow of a Major, i30 per annum, was insufficient to support herself and chil- 
dren. The Major also owned some property in New York City and after the 
Peace claims against this property were made and allowed on account of damage 
said to have been done to the farm, the chronicler admitting the injustice of the 
claim. It mattered nothing that Grant had fought for the colonists in the French 
and Indian war and gave his life while doing his duty as a soldier during the 
Revolution, or that the Major's farm had been in possession of the Americans 
for a like period, or that his Catskill lands had been confiscated. So long as there 
was any property to be attached the widow and innocent children, although Amer- 
ican born, must be made to suffer. After the war the widow went to St. John. 
New Brunswick, and ultimately settled in Annapolis. While crossing the Bay of 
Fundy she was shipwrecked and perished of cold and exposure in a snow storm 
March 9, 1787. She left one son Robert and three daughters. — Sabine; Cot. Doc; 
Annols of Naclown; Winsloiv Papers; Ontario Archwcs Report ipo^; the Press; 
Ford; Hist. Putnam Co. 



192 CAPTAIN JOHN HUNTER. 

Captain Hunter in 1765 was master of the ship Elizabeth trading to London 
and later of the snow Thistle to Londonderry; in 1775 of the ship John to Dublin 
and Glasgow; in 1778 of the ship Monti^omery for Glasgow, and in 1786 of the 
.ship Geori^e, of Glasgow, Thomas Buchanan & Co., agents. In 1794 the George 
was armed with 8 carriage guns, as a protection from French privateers. The 
latest reference is in the year 1795 when he was in New York with the George. 



1765 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 115 

193 REVEREND ARCHIBALD LAIDLIE, D. D. 

Dr. Laidlie was born at Kelso, Roxburghshire, Scotland, December 4, 1727. 
He received his academical education in his native town, and afterwards studied 
for the ministry at the University of Edinburgh. He was ordained in 1759, 
and was immediately installed pastor of the English church in Flushing, on the 
island of Walcheren, Netherlands. There he laboured for four years, when he 
received a call to the Collegiate Dutch Reformed Church of New York. He ar- 
rived at New York on March 29, 1764, and on April 15, following, preached his 
first sermon. He was the first minister of the Dutch Church in America to 
preach in English. On July 18, 1768, he married Polly Hoffman, daughter of 
Col. Martin Hoffman, "a young lady endowed with all the Qualifications neces- 
sary to render the Marriage State happy." A man of distinguished talents and 
an able theologian he was eminently successful as a preacher, but his ministerial 
labours were interrupted by the Revolution. From the scenes of agitation and 
peril that were occurring in the city of New York, he found a refuge at Red 
Hook, where he remained till the close of his life. In 1770 he published an 
English translation of the Heidelberg Catechism for the use of his church, and 
the same year the degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Princeton College. 
He was Chaplain to the 1st Battalion of Independent Minute Men during the 
Revolution. He died at Red Hook, New York, November 14, 1779. His daugh- 
ter Catherine married Anthony Dey "at the Mayor's," February 21, 1800. His 
only son William, Lieutenant in the 2nd U. S. infantry, died in his 31st year at 
Westminster, Vermont, on June 15, ISO!.— The Nat. Cyclo. of Amcr. Biog: the 
Press. 



194 CAPTAIN GEORGE McDOUGALL 

George McDougall became a Lieutenant in the 60th regiment, May 30th, 
1759, and served throughout the French and Indian war. In 1761 while in Detroit 
bis commanding officer gave him permission to cultivate land on Hog Island three 
miles above Detroit. He cleared 50 acres and built a house but the Indians 
swooped down on his settlement and destroyed it, and judging by the next item 
he himself became a prisoner. Sir William Johnson, writing to Sir Jeffrey Am- 
herst on July 30, 1763, states that McDougall made his escape from the Ottawa 
Indians and succeeded in entering Detroit while it was invested, and that he had 
a knowledge of the Ottawa language. At the peace he was placed on half-pay. 
On March 5th, 1765. he petitioned for a grant of 2,000 acres of land on "Patten 
Kills," and in the following October the survey showed that these lands were 
situated about where Shoreham, Vermont, now is. At that time he joined the 
Society. We next find McDougall one of the proprietors or sharers in an Adven- 
ture to exploit ore lands on Lake Superior, under an Act of the Privy Council 
in London. At the Revolution he was appointed Captain in the 84th regiment or 
Royal Highland Emigrants, June 14th, 1775, and served until the regiment was 



116 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1765 

disbanded in 1783. His subsequent career has not been traced but it is fair to 
assume that he remained in Canada after the peace. — Ford; Col. Doc; Br. Army 
List; Acts of Privy Council. 



195 THE HON. WILLIAM PAGAN. 

Manager 1770-1775. 

WilHam Pagan was a native of Glasgow and was the second son of George, 
merchant there. He entered Glasgow University in 1764 but could only have 
remained one year. In 1766 he was master of the sloop Britannia trading to St. 
Eustatia; in 1769 he was admitted Freeman of the City of New York showing 
that he had located here. In 1772 he was doing business as shipping agent and 
in 1774 he advertised for sale "a quantity of Indian Corn and Black Eyed Pease, 
also a few packs of Southern Beaver fit for shipping." In 1776 he was one of 
the addressers of Lord Howe. In 1777 the firm became Robert Pagan & Co., in 
the dry goods business in Queen Street. In 1778 he kept a provision store under 
his own name. He joined the Chamber of Commerce in 1779. He was part 
owner with Robert Dale in a privateering vessel. About this time he settled in 
Falmouth, Maine. There were three brothers, and all were Loyalists. William 
went to St. John, New Brunswick, after the Revolution and took a very active 
part in the government of that city and Province. His name appeared as Alder- 
man in the Charter granted to that city. He represented a ward of St. John in 
the first General Assembly of New Brunswick, February, 1786. He was also a 
member of the Governor's Council. He was for fourteen years member of the 
Board of St. John Grammar School and was a vestryman of Trinity Church. He 
was chiefly instrumental in the founding of the First Presbyterian Church in St. 
John, Saint Andrew's, and was one of the first elders of the church. He was 
also first president of the St. Andrew's Society of St. John, March 8, 1798, and 
altogether seems to have been first in most things, living a busy and useful life. 
He died at Fredericton, March 12, 1819. — Jack's Hist, of St. John; Contemporary 
Press. 



196 JAMES PHYN. 

James Phyn was born in the County of Kent, England, March 12, 1742. He 
must have been of Scottish parentage as the rules of the Society, bearing upon 
admission to membership, were in 1765 very strict upon this point. When a 
young man he came out from London and became associated with John Duncan, 
member 1756, and carried on a most extensive business with Montreal and the 
great lakes, making Schenectady his headquarters. In 1765 his brother George, 
Lieutenant in the 21st or North British Fusiliers, paid him a visit. After a time 
Duncan retired and Phyn took into partnership four brothers named EUice, all 
of whom made fortunes. In November, 1768, he married Euretta Constable. 



765 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 117 

\s the Revolution approached Phyn deemed it wiser to return home and leave 
)ehind all his property in the Mohawk valley. Alexander Ellice was the first of 
he partners to return. In November, 1774, Phyn left New York for London 
aking with him his wife and family. The Colonial Documents show that he was 
he bearer of a letter from Colonel Guy Johnson to the Earl of Dartmouth, dated 
October 6, 1774, in which Mr. Phyn is described as a "Mcht of t^ood credit and 
nost fair character returning to London," and "this Gentleman's extensive ac- 
[uaintance with the back Country, & his strict integrity enables him to answer 
,ny occurring Questions in the compass of his knowledge in a candid & satisfac- 
ory manner." Robert Ellice remained in Schenectady to collect outstanding ac- 
ounts. While away from his home and property much of it was destroyed by 
General Haldimand as a military necessity and Phyn, in 1787, made a claim 
efore the Commissioners that his loss amounted to £5,000. His address at that 
ime was 27 Mark Lane, London. On September 29, 1805, his partner, Alex- 
nder Ellice, died, and the notice in The Gentleman's Mai:,acine. stated that he 
/as "of the house of Phyn & Ellice." When Mr. Phyn returned to Schenectady 
as not been ascertained. He died there on November 2, 1821, and was buried 
n Vale Cemetery. — Hanson's Hist, of Schenectady; Col. Doc; Loyalist Papers 



97 CAPTAIN JOHN REID. 

Captain Reid was probably the one of that name who was master of the snow 
Interprisc, trading to Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1765, and probably also the one of 
hat name who in 1779 advertised in Riznngton's Royal Gazette of November 27th 
liat he was a "merchant, at the Scotch Arms, 941 Water Street, who intended to 
mbark on the first vessel for Glasgow," who desired to pay his debts and to 
ollect what was owing him on pain of putting the claims in the hands of an at- 
Drney. This last is not intended as a definite identification but merely as an 
iference. 



98 CHARLES SCOTT. 

In the pamphlet of 1770 this member is designated "Mr." Charles Scott, 
lereby destroying the former identification. In 1761 Charles Scott was inter- 
sted with George Traile, member 1756, in certain Articles of Association to 
'ork Royal mines in New Jersey and in the Articles he was designated "of New 
'ork." Governor Colden wrote to Amherst concerning him, stating that he in- 
;nded making inquiry into Scott's character and business in New York and 
3und only that Governor Melville of Grenada "had an esteem of him and friend- 
hip for him and had used him to go with a flag of truce to Martinico." Colden 
1 another letter stated that Scott spoke perfectly all the modern languages, was 
man of learning and particularly skilled in chemistry. In 1763 we find that 



118 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1765 

Scott and another, both of London, petitioned for "a grant under the Great Seal, 
of a 99 years lease of all Royal Mines of Gold and Silver found, gained, dug, 
or opened by them in New York," agreeing to render to His Majesty, His Heirs 
and Successors, "One fifteenth dish of the Gross Ore that shall be gotten or one- 
twentieth part of the Gold and Silver which may be extracted therefrom by smelt- 
ing or amalgamation." Thus early was the prospector abroad in the land. As 
we have seen George Traile found no gold or silver mine much as he needed one, 
and no one knows of any gold or silver mines around New York other than the 
workings at the same period by Frederick Phillipse on his Manor in Westchester 
County. It is therefore probable that Scott returned to London. — A'^. Y. Col. 
MSS.; Nezv Jersey Papers; Coldcn Papers; Acts of the Privy Council (Colonial). 



199 WILLIAM SETON. 

Manager 1766-72. 

William Seton, son of John Seton of Dysart, Fife, and Elizabeth his wife, 
was born at Edinburgh, April 24, 1746. He came on a visit to America in 1758 
and in 1763 settled in New York City. In 1767 appeared an advertisement by 
William Seaton & Co., notifying the public of the removal of their Counting 
House from Maiden Lane to their Ware house on Cruger's Dock, where they 
carried on a business in dry goods, European and Indian goods. On March 
2nd in the same year he married Rebecca Curson who lived but a short time and 
later he married her sister Anna Maria Curson, daughters of Richard Curson of 
Maryland. On August 2, 1768, he was admitted to the Chamber of Commerce 
and in 1770 became a Freeman of the City. He formed a partnership with his 
brother-in-law, Richard Curson, under the firm name of Curson & Seton and in 
1770 they advertised as wholesale grocers and notified the public of their removal 
from Dock Street to Hunters Quay alias Rotten Row. In 1775 he was one of 
the Committee of One Hundred. He does not appear to have taken part in the 
events which preceded the Revolution but his leaning was towards the loyalist 
side. On June 27, 1777, he was appointed Assistant Ware House Keeper, an 
Ciffice which he retained to 1780 and probably to the close of the war. In 1779 
he was appointed a Notary Public and was the last under the Crown. In 1782 
he was named Secretary to the Superintendent of Police. In 1782 he advertised 
as Deputy Agent of the French Packets, his office being at 215 Water Street. 
At the close of the war he had to begin life anew and the moderation which he 
liad shown during the struggle and the kindness which marked his whole life 
stood him in good stead. In 1784, on the organization of the Bank of New 
York, the first banking institution in the country, he was appointed cashier, which 
post he held until he retired in 1794. At that time he was senior partner of the 
firm of William Seton & Co., dealing in wines and groceries at their store in the 
Sloat fronting Hanover Square. He soon after established the firm of Seton, 
Maitland & Co., William Maitland becoming his partner. He resided at one 



1765 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 119 

period at the Banking House in Hanover Square, afterwards the corner of Stone 
and Mill Streets, the store and office being in the rear in Mill Street. It was the 
usage of the times for merchants to occupy the lower story of their dwelling 
houses for business purposes. His country residence was at "Craig Don" m 
Bloomingdale. He died in New York, June 9, 1798.— Domett's Hist, of the Bank 
of Nc7v York; John Atistin Stevens; the Press. 



1766 



200 JAMES ROSS. 

James Ross was a school teacher. His advertisement states that he was 
"Living next door to Widow Douglas at the Back of the New Gaol, nigh tlie 
Barracks. Teaches Reading, Writing, Latin, Arithmetic, Vulgar and Decimal." 
He opened his school September 19th. 1764. This is the only reference which 
has been found and nothing is known of his subsequent career. 



201 CAPTAIN WILLIAM STEWART. 

In 1756 Stewart was master of the schooner Charming Nancy and in 1767 
of the ship Mary trading to Cork. He became a member of the Marine Society 
April 24th, 1770. In 1778 he was master of the brig Fanny for Belfast, and in 
1783 of the ship Castle Douglas from London, apparently owned by William and 
James Douglas. 



1767 



202 COSMO ALEXANDER. 

Cosmo Alexander was a portrait painter who came to this country from 
Edinburgh, for the benefit of his health. Dunlap, in his History of the Arts of 
Design, states that Alexander first settled in Rhode Island, where he painted the 
portraits of leading Scottish gentlemen. When he came to this country he was 
between fifty and sixty years of age. Wilfred H. Munro in his Picturesque 
Rhode Island says "he was ostensibly a painter, but was surmised to have come 
to America upon a political mission" ; there seems to be no foundation for this 
statement. In 1766 Alexander was a member of the Incorporated Society of 
Artists, London. Gibbs the Architect, who was an Aberdonian, left him his 
house, pictures, etc. Scharf-Westcott's History of Philadelt^hia states that Alex- 
ander settled in Philadelphia in 1770-71, where he painted a portrait of John 
Ross, but the records of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia show his 



120 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1767 

membership in 1766. Doctor Waterhouse, in his Memoir of Gilbert Stuart, re- 
fers to portraits by Alexander, "of the Keiths, the Fergusons, the Grants, and 
the Haniiltons," all familiar names in those days in Philadelphia. While in New 
York in 1767 he must also have painted portraits of its citzens but none have been 
noted. Gilbert Stuart, whose fame as a portrait painter is well known, was born 
of Scottish parents in Rhode Island, and there, when a young lad, he was pre- 
sented to Alexander, who, noting "signs of genius in Stuart gave him lessons 

in the grammar of the art, drawing, and the groundwork of the palette." Mr. Alex- 
ander took Stuart with him on his travels in America, and they went to South 
Carolina and then to Edinburgh, where Alexander, soon after reaching his native 
city, died on August 25, 1772. Before his death Mr. Alexander committed 
Stuart to the care of Sir George Chambers, and he, too, soon after died, and 
Stuart, thus thrown on his own resources, suffered many hardships before reach- 
ing this country. The ground work of his education, so well begun under Alex- 
ander and continued until the latter's death, contributed largely to Stuart's later 
fame. — Hist. Cat. St. Andrnv's Society of Philadcll>hia; Scottish Notes & 
Queries. 



203 ANDREW ANDERSON, M. D. 

During the French and Indian war Dr. Anderson was an assistant surgeon 
in the army and so described himself in a petition which he presented to the gov- 
ernment in 1767, for 2,000 acres of land on the West Side of the North Branch 
of the Hudson River. After the peace in 1763 he seems to have been on the 
retired list, and resident in New York, but in 1774 he was again in active service 
on the staff of the army in North America, as surgeon's mate and store-keeper of 
medicine, with headquarters in New York. In 1772 he became a member of the 
Marine Society. In 1782 he appears in the British Army List for the last time 
and he was then of Dominica in the West Indies. — Albany Land Grants; Riz'ing- 
ton's Almanac, J774; British Army List. 



204 MAJ.-GEN. SIR ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, K. C. B., M. P. 

Archibald Campbell, second son of James Campbell of Inverneil, was born 
there August 21, 1739. He was educated at the University of Glasgow and The 
Royal Military Academy, Woolwich ; was appointed Practitioner Engineer and 
Ensign in the Royal Engineers in 1758; sub-Engineer and Lieutenant in 1759; 
Engineer Extraordinary and Captain-Lieutenant in 1763. Between the years 1758 
and 1762 he was employed in three expeditions to the Coast of France and the 
West Indies, and was at the capture of Martinique, Guadaloupe, Dominica and 
the neighbouring islands. In 1767, on his way home, he arrived in New York, 
and thereafter he was sent to the East Indies, where he served as Chief Engineer 
of Bengal till 1772, with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel Bengal Engineers from 



1767 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 121 

September 1, 1768. He resigned in 1772, having executed the service on which 
he had been employed. His career as an Indian Engineer was a brilliant one, and 
gained him a high reputation. Fort William, the Citadel of Calcutta, was con- 
structed from his designs, as well as several other important works. On his 
return to Scotland he was elected M. P. for the Stirling burghs in 1774. In 1775 
Colonel Simon Fraser raised another regiment, the 71st, and Campbell was 
selected as Lieutenant-Colonel of the Second Battalion. On his arrival in America 
he was captured in Boston harbour, while the city was in the hands of the 
y\mericans, and was held a prisoner until exchanged for Ethan Allen the follow- 
ing year. He was then appointed a Brigadier-General and given command of 
the expedition against Georgia. He was entirely successful, seizing Savannah 
with the loss of only four killed and five wounded. The following year he was 
superseded and, disagreeing with his successor, returned to England on leave. 
He was promoted to be Colonel in the army, and in 1782 Major-General and 
Governor of Jamaica. His efiforts in defence of the West India Islands against 
the French were entirely successful, and the assistance rendered the forces in 
America in the way of supplies, information and reinforcements was of immense 
benefit. For his services he was invested a Knight of the Bath in 1785 and 
appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief at Madras. In 1787 he was 
appointed Colonel of the 74th Highlanders. In 1789 he returned in ill health to 
Scotland and was at once re-elected M. P. for Stirling burghs. In 1779 he mar- 
ried Amelia, daughter of Allan Ramsay, the painter, and grand-daughter of the 
poet. He died March 31, 1791, at his residence in Upper Grosvenor Street, 
London, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a monument was erected 
to him in the Poets' Corner. From the inscription thereon we learn that he was 
■'equally admired and regretted for his eminent civil and military services to 
his country. Possessed of distinguished endowments of mind, dignified manners, 
inflexible integrity, unfeigned benevolence, with every social and amiable virtue." 
— Diet. Nat. Bios,., Corrected by Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine ; An. Reg. 
1791. 



205 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALEXANDER McDONALD 

Manager, \772-\77i. 

Colonel McDonald was the representative head of the family of McDonald 
of Ardnamurchan, and although the estate had been sold by his grandfather, 
Angus, he was designated "Ardnamurchan" in accordance with Highland custom. 
He was born in Scotland about the year 1727. He seems to have entered the 
army about 1744 and probably served in the Black Watch. On the outbreak of 
the French and Indian War he was commissioned Lieutenant in the 77th, Mont- 
gomery's Highlanders, and served through the war with that regiment, distin- 
guishing himself in the expedition to Fort Duejuesne. He was wounded in the 
attack while with the advance guard under Major Grant of Ballindalloch. I le 
also served with his regiment in the West Indies. At the end of the war he 



122 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1767 

settled in the vicinity of New York and went into business as a wine merchant 
and ship chandler in this city. He married Susannah Myer, grand-daughter of 
Mrs. McPheadris and niece of Mrs. Robert Gilbert Livingston. In 1766 he 
advertised at private sale his farm of eighty-two acres at New Rochelle. In 1767 
he was in business near the Merchants' Coffee House, where he sold dry goods, 
wines and hand organs. In 1769 he made an assignment to William Neilson and 
in the same year became a member of the Chamber of Commerce. In 1770 he 
became a Freeman of the City and is described as an Innholder, having moved 
to King Street, where, according to Stevens, he bartered Madeira wine for 
country produce and gave notice that "the one article is to be received when the 
other is delivered." In 1773 his house in King Street was to let. As it became 
apparent in 1774 that hostilities were inevitable he offered his services to General 
Gage, and on September 30th of that year he left his farm on Staten Island and 
traveled to the Mohawk Valley for the purpose of raising men from amongst the 
Highland immigrants in that section of the Province. Stevens says that "he 
was charged on the 14th of June, 1774, in the Provincial Congress 'with con- 
certing measures and employing agents to enlist men, to be employed against the 
liberties of America.' " A committee was sent to Staten Island to arrest him and 
search his house, but the committee reported that ^IcDonald had gone to Boston 
and that "no papers relating to the raising of troops had been found." The report 
had a basis of truth, for McDonald, with Allan McLean, was then in Boston, 
where, as he says he arrived "in the nick of time when a parcel of low lived rebel- 
lious rascals were about to take possession of himself and his house." McLean 
and he interviewed the British General, and offered to raise men to form two 
battalions, which they ultimately did and which became known as the 84th, or 
Highland Emigrants, McDonald receiving a Captaincy in the second battalion. 
In his letters from Halifax to William McAdam and others in New York he 
complained of the brutal treatment accorded his wife and family, and wondered 
why he, who had served his King and country for over thirty years, should be 
condemned to death by his former neighbours for simply doing his duty. McDon- 
ald states in a letter to General Howe that he had been tempted by the Americans 
with an offer of high command which he had rejected with indignation. In 
October, 1776, he brought his wife and four children to Plalifax and in the 
following year another son was born to them. His children were Alexander, 
Donald, David, Gilbert and Susannah Helena. In 1777 he sent his two eldest 
boys, Alexander, then seven years of age, and Donald, to his sister in London iu 
the care of Major John Small. She was instructed to send them to Edinburgh 
to William McDonald, a Writer to the Signet, to whom he sent later £400 for 
the education of the boys. He also wrote to his brother, the Rev. John McDonald, 
requesting that the boys be instructed in morality and religion, but that they must 
not be made clergymen. In one of his letters, dated Fort Edward, November 28, 
1778, he writes of himself that "those that knows me knows well that T alwnvs 
loved my Character above money." Notwithstanding this self praise, his letters 
show that he was quite alive to the main chance. Pie had a great antipathy to 



1767 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 123 

Robert G. Livingston, whom he accused of poisoning the mind of liis wife's 
grandmother, Mrs. McPheadris, against his wife, and called him "the old un- 
natural brute." Through his lawjer, David Campbell (q. v.), he made an effort to 
induce the authorities to grant him "a firm deed of all Livingston possessed in New 
York, and the farm he owned near St. George's Ferry on Staten Island." On 
January, 19, 1779. he wrote from Halifa.x to William Mc.Xdam announcing the 
death of his wife. At Halifax McDonald was in command of the battalion during 
the entire period of the Revolution, and on going on the retired list in 1783 he 
was gazetted Major in the army by brevet, and in 1794 he was raised to the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel. His Letter Book, which contains nmch interesting infor- 
mation, was published by the New York Historical Society. Stevens, in his 
Chamber of Commerce Records, mistakenly states that Captain McDonald was 
a sea captain. The Colonel returned to New York after the Revolution, but at 
what date has not been ascertained. As he rejoined the Society in 1789 it was 
probably in that year. He again went into the ship chandlery business and can 
be traced up to 1816, when he became insolvent March 16th of that year. The 
firm of Ward & Bishop, of 20 South Street, advertised for McDonald on the 
16th of the same month, described him as Captain of the 84th, mentioned his 
brother, "late of Hudson, N. Y.," intimated that both were in the city or its 
vicinity, and that if they would call they would learn of something to their 
advantage. On July 30, 1797, one Susan McDonald married Captain Andrew 
Marschalk of the United States army. This is believed to have been Captain 
McDonald's daughter. Where and when McDonald died has not been ascertained. 
In 1817 he would have been ninety years of age, and in the course of nature must 
have passed over about that time. No trace of any one of his four sons has 
developed during our researches. The family of Ardnamurchan is no longer 
known to have a representative. 



1768 



206 CAPTAIN DAVID BEATON. 

Captain Beaton was master of the snow Albany, trading between London, 
New York, and South Carolina. In 1762 he came out with the Virginia fleet, 
under convoy of H. M. S. Gosport, Captain Jervis, 40 guns, and when near the 
coast left the convoy and came to New York. In 1766 he was master of the 
snow Augustine, trading to London, and in 1767 of the brig Venus, trading to 
Dublin. In the Mercury of May 8, 1769, Captain Beaton reported one of those 
accidents common at sea. On April 21, while on his voyage to New York, his 
vessel was struck by lightning and his main topmast was lost, one boy killed and 
many of his men rendered unconscious for several hours. On June 3rd following 
he and Sarah Dring were granted a marriage license. In 1770 and 1771 he was 
master of the snow John, for Liverpool. From that time until 1774 no reference 



124 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1768 

has been found. In the latter year the Albany Postoffice advertised on January 
5th that a letter awaited "David Beaton, of the Lakes." As he was not reported 
in the shipping list after 1771 it is fair to assume that this wanderer in the wilder- 
ness, this pioneer of civilization, was our member. 

[Name in pamphlet of I'/JO on\y.\ 



207 THOMAS, LORD DRUMMOND. 

President, 1773. 

Thomas, Lord Drummond, twelfth President of the Society, was the eldest 
son of James Drummond of Lundin, who became Earl of Perth, and Rachael 
Bruce, his wife. He was probably born at Largo, Fifeshire, as he was baptized 
there, July 21, 1742. Lord Drummond first came to America in 1768 to look 
after an estate in or near Perth Amboy, New Jersey, which belonged to his kins- 
man, the Earl of Melfort, and which had escaped forfeiture to the Crown in the 
"Forty-Five." He was in New York in 1772 and returned to England in 1774, 
landing at Plymouth on December 19th of that year. After a short stay in 
Scotland he returned to New York, where his loyalist sympathies were not 
appreciated and he sailed suddenly on April 26, 1776, for Bermuda, in company 
with Dr. Middleton, John Loudon McAdam and Henry Nicholls. He seems to 
have migrated between that island and New York for five years, the state of his 
health and the rigourous climate preventing any lengthened stay here. So far as 
is known he was not an officer in the British army, but seems to have served as 
a volunteer with Fraser's Highlanders in New Jersey, and it is said was at the 
battles of Brandywine and Germantown. At one time he was taken prisoner, but 
Washington gave him leave to go to New York on parole He returned to 
England in 1780, where he stayed for a few months, sailing again for Bermuda, 
with the intention of spending the winter there. He died of consumption at 
Lisbon the following November at the early age of thirty-eight years. Lord 
Drummond never married. T/i-c Nexv York Royal Gazette of December 2, 1780, 
pays the following tribute to his memory. "The affability, courteous manners, and 
benevolent disposition of Lord Drummond, are well known here. He had an 
elegant taste for the Belles Lettres, and for Drawing, he was pretty conversant 
in several living languages. His company was much coveted, as he was always 
cheerful and lively in conversation. In business, public or private, he was patient 
and indefatigable. In 1775 he brought Great Britain and the Colonies nearer to 
an equitable conclusion than they ever afterwards attained." 



208 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THE HON. JAMES SUTHERLAND, 

LORD DUFFUS. 

Kenneth, Hid Lord Dufifus, grandfather of Lieut.-Col. Sutherland, was a 
brave naval officer and was attainted in 1715 for his share in the Rebellion of 



1768 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 125 

that year. His son Eric, titular IVth Lord Dufifus, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir James Dimbar of Hempriggs, and their eldest son James, the subject of 
this sketch, was born in 1747. He was served heir to his father February 22nd, 
1770. He was appointed from half-pay Lieutenant in the 26th Cameronians in 
1768, and came out to New York in the Hariot Packet, Captain Oake, landing 
October 17th, 1768. He was promoted to a Captaincy in the same regiment in 
1770. His name does not appear in the Army List of 1772. After reaching 
the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel he retired from the army, and settled on his 
estates in Caithness. The family honours were restored to him by Act of Par- 
liament May 25th, 1826, and Lord DufTus died the following year, unmarried, 
at the advanced age of eighty years. — Heraldry of the Hurrays; the Press; et al. 



209 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THE HON. ALEXANDER MAITLAND. 

Lieut.-Colonel Maitland was a son of the Vlth Earl of Lauderdale and 
brother of Col. the Hon. Richard Maitland (member 1764). He was originally 
in the Marines, but as this service did not afford a sufficient field for his active 
and enterprising mind he was transferred to the line His services and rank in 
the army prior to his appointment as Major in the 71st, Eraser's Highlanders, 
have not been ascertained. In due course he succeeded Col. Campbell as Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 71st and was sent in command of the Light Infantry expe- 
dition to Savannah, December, 1777. His arrival at Savannah, at a most criti- 
cal moment, inspired confidence in his friends, while it struck the enemy with 
surprise, as they did not expect he would be able to penetrate by a circuitous 
route, after they had secured the fords and passes. Colonel Maitland lived in 
the trenches with the soldiers and "by his courage, his kindness of heart, and 
affability to his men, secured their affection and fidelity. His dicdect was the 
Scottish doric and, proceeding from a tongue which never spoke in disguise, it 
carried conviction to all. Equally brave, generous and unassuming, his memory 
will be respected while manly fortitude, unstained honour, and military talents 
are held in estimation." During the skirmishing warfare in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania, in the years 1776 and 1777, he was particularly active. Ever on 
the alert, and having his Highlanders always ready, he attracted the particular 
notice of Washington. Some communications having passed between them as 
old acquaintances, although then opposed as enemies, Colonel Maitland sent inti- 
mation to the American commander that in future his men would be distinguished 
by a red feather in their bonnets, so that he could not mistake them, nor avoid 
doing justice to their exploits, in annoying his posts, and obstructing his convoys 
and detachments; adding, that General Washington was too liberal not to ac- 
knowledge merit even in an enemy. Eraser's Highlanders wore the red feather 
after Colonel Maitland's death, and continued to do so till the conclusion of the 
war. Such was the origin of the red feather subsequently worn in the Highland 
bonnet. In the year 1795 the red feather was assumed by the Royal Highland 



126 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1768 || 



Regiment. His death occurred in 1780 occasioned Ijy the fatigues lie suffered 
in his great march from Beaufort to Savannah. In Rivington's Gazette of April 
26, 1780, appears the following from the pen of Margaret Allen de Lancey, wife 
of James de Lancey. 

O'er Maitland's corpse, as Victory reclin'd 
Reflecting on the fate of human kind 
"Is this," she cried, "the end of all my toils?" 
What now avail thy laurels and thy spoils! 
Worn with fatigues, thou cam'st thy friends to save. 
Gave them relief, and sunk into the grave. 
Now Grief and Joy together blend their cries, 
Savannah's saved, yet gen'rous Maitland dies. 
In vain, around, thy conq'ring soldiers weep. 
Thy eyes are clos'd in death's eternal sleep. 
Yet while a grateful King, and Country sighs. 
O'er thy lov'd ashes Marbles proud shall rise. 
Nay, even tliy foes reliev'd awhile from fear, 
Confess thy virtues and bestow a tear; 
Own that as valour strung thy nervous arm. 
So gentle pity did thy bosom warm. 
O, double praise, to make the haughty bend 
Yet make the vanquish'd Enemy thy Friend ! 
Thus Maitland fails, but to his deathless praise, 
Both Friends and Foes a grateful altar raise. 



I 



210 MAJOR-GENERAL JOFIN SCOT, M. P. 

General John Scot was a descendant of Sir John Scot, who published the 
earliest topographical work on Scotland and who was knighted in 1617. Gen- 
eral Scot succeeded to the Barony of Scotstarvit about 1766 and was the last of 
the Barons, as he was also the last direct male descendant of the Scots of Buc- 
cleuch. He was quite as eccentric as his illustrious progenitor. He chose the 
army as his profession and in 1754 he held a Captaincy in the 62nd, Royal Amer- 
ican, Regiment, under Sir John St. Clair. In 1761 he was Colonel of the 3rd 
Regiment of Guards, in 1768 Colonel of the 26th Cameronians and in 1770 
Major-General. He organized the British forces in New York at the time of 
the Revolution. He sat continuously in Parliament for over twenty years as 
member from Fifeshire from 1768 until his death. About 1763 he purchased 
Balcomie Castle, and its lofty tower, which still remains, forms a well-known 
sea mark. His three daughters married into the peerage and became respectively 
Duchess, Countess and Viscountess. General Scot died at Balcomie Castle De- 



1768 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 127 

ceinber 20, 1775, and was buried in the old church yard of Kilrenny, where a 
splendid mausoleum was erected by the Duchess of Portland in memory of her 
father. 

[His name appears on our Roll as Colin Scot, the tnanncr in "which the 

word Colonel teas urittcn leading to the mistake; in the pamphlet of lyjo 

the name appears as Colonel Scott.] 



211 THE HON. HUGH WALLACE. 

Hugh Wallace was a native of Ireland who came to the Province in 1752, 
and settled in New York. In 1759 he was engaged in a general business, some- 
what in the nature of ship chandlery, and in later years in the linen trade. His 
brother Alexander was in company with him under the firm name of Hugh & 
Alexander Wallace. They became men of wealth and position, and each mar- 
ried a daughter of Cornelius Low of Raritan, N. J. In 1769 Mr. Wallace was 
appointed a member of His Majesty's Council. He had a mansion on Dock 
Street which was the resort of the great dignitaries of the Province and his man- 
ner of life was costly and elegant. He became President of the Chamber of 
Commerce in 1770. Strong efforts were made to induce him to take the Ameri- 
can side in the Revolution and General Gates made him flattering offers but to 
no purpose. In August, 1776, he was arrested and sent to Connecticut where 
he was confined for five months. Finally he and his brother Alexander, on 
December 17, 1776, were permitted to go on parole, to New York City and Long 
Island. Three years later they were both attainted and according to the Act 
were to be seized and punished with death "without benefit of clergy," if found 
on State soil. While the city was occupied by the British the brothers carried 
on their business and at the Evacuation Hugh went to Ireland settling at Water- 
ford. In 1785 he petitioned the Government for compensation for his losses. 
Governor Skene when testifying in his behalf said he was a "selfish merchant." 
He died December, 1787. — Old Merchants of N. Y.; Coke's Notes on Loyalists' 
Claims; Mather's Refugees. 



1769 



212 CHARLES AITKEN. 

Charles Aitken was a resident of the Island of St. Croix in the West Indies 
who frequently visited New York. The following reference is taken from the 
New York Mercury of August 26, 1771. 

"On Thursday last (August 22, 1771) was married by the Rev. Dr. 
Auchmuty, at the Seat of Jacob Le Roy, Esq ; Charles Aitkin, Esq ; a Gen- 
tleman of large Fortune in the Island of St. Croix, to Miss Cornelia Beek- 
man, daughter of the late Mr. Cornelius Beekman, Merchant, of this City, 



128 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1769 

an amiable young Lady blessed with every requisite to secure their mutual 

Happiness." 

Mr. Aitken owned a farm in Harlem, probably through his wife, and in 
September, 1774, he advertised that one of his slaves, a mulatto named Pierot, 
had run away from there and ofifered a reward for his return. For some time 
during the Revolution this farm was occupied by Commissary Howard and part 
of the 84th Regiment. In 1783 Aitken offered the farm for sale. He became 
an Honourary member of the Marine Society and appeared on their records under 
the name of Aikens. The Antigua Chronicle, reporting the death of Aitken, 
which took place at St. Croix in May, 1784, stated that he "was for many years 
an inhabitant of the West Indies and had large property interests in St. Croix 
as well as in the (American) continent from which he had returned only a fort- 
night before his death," and that he was "a native of North Britain of an ancient 
and respectable family, and possessed of a very excellent understanding." He 
left no male issue. 

[Appears on Roll as Ailkins on account of an uncrossed "t".] 



213 MAJOR JOHN BROWN. 

Major Brown was the son of George Brown of Knockmarloch, in the Parish 
of Riccartoun, Ayrshire, and Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Shedden of Beith. 
He entered Glasgow University in 1740, and no doubt finished his education 
there. He received a commission as Lieutenant in the 60lh, Royal Americans, in 
1756, was promoted to be Captain in 1760, and served throughout the entire 
campaign. He went on half-pay in 1763, but returned to the regiment in January, 
1764, and became Major of the 3rd Battalion in 1775. In 1770, while on his way 
to the garrison at Fort Niagara with three batteaux laden with baggage and 
stores, he was shipwrecked near White Oak Orchard on Lake Ontario, the boats 
being knocked to pieces but with no loss of life. Brown with three men set ofif 
through the woods and trackless snow and after three days arrived at Niagara. 
On June 11th, 1772, he married Molly Livingston, daughter of Peter Van Brugh 
Livingston. After the war he returned to his estate in Ayrshire and died in 
Edinburgh, June 17th, 1784.— CoZ. Doc; Glas. Univ. Mat. Albums; Robertson's 
Ayrshire Families; the Press. 



214 CAPTAIN WALTER BUCHANAN. 

The only definite references to this member are the following. In 1764 he 
was cast away on Cape Sable and in 1769 he was master of the Pearl which on 
October 23rd arrived in New York from the Straits of Ivaca. He was prob- 
ably of Glasgow and may have been related to Walter and Thomas. 



1769 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 129 

215 JOHN CAMPBELL. 

Philip Skene says that the father of the four Campbells, John, Archi- 
bald, Alexander and James, was one of the first people in the country there- 
abouts (Argyle Township). This statement may serve to identify the family 
with which our member was connected. John had cousins in Kingston, Jamaica, 
and probably on that account went to the Island and became a planter, but like 
many others he had to leave it on account of his health. The newspapers in 
recording his death June 21, 1770, said that he was a native of Scotland and had 
I)een many years in Jamaica. His will mentions three brothers and three sisters, 
his mother Ann and his cousins Duncan and Alexander of Kingston, Jamaica, 
Rev. Mr. Mason and widow Mary Mackie or MacKay. His executors were 
Peter Middleton, Johnston Fairholme, and Walter Buchanan, all members of the 
Society. 



216 CAPTAIN PATRICK CAMPBELL. 

Peter, or Patrick Campbell, stated in his Memorial that he had been "happily 
settled at Trenton in New Jersey at the commencement of the late Rebellion in 
America." He joined the British army in 1776 and received a warrant from 
Lieut. -Col. Isaac Allan to raise a company for his regiment and was appointed 
Captain of the 2nd Battalion of the New Jersey Volunteers. After the capture 
of the Hessians at Trenton, January, 1777, he endeavoured to join a detachment 
of troops at Princeton and was made prisoner and sent under guard to Phila- 
delphia and there confined closely in jail. On the approach of the British towards 
Philadelphia he was removed to Fredericktown in Maryland but he made his 
escape from the jail of that place, and by the assistance of some Loyalists, was 
enabled to join the army in Philadelphia in September, 1777. On joining his 
regiment in Staten Island after nearly a year's absence he found all the companies 
filled and that he was left entirely unprovided for. In December, 1778, his regi- 
ment was ordered to Georgia under the command of Colonel Campbell (General 
Sir Archibald Campbell, member 1767) and Captain Campbell purchased a com- 
pany in the 3rd Battalion Skinner's Light Infantry. In October, 1778, Capt. 
Patrick Ferguson of the 70th (who fell gloriously at King's Mountain), report- 
ing to Sir Henry Clinton on the raid on Little Egg Harbor, mentioned Capt. 
Peter Campbell, of the 3rd Jersey Volunteers, with others, and stated that much 
of the success of the enterprise was owing to him and them. Campbell was 
present at the reduction of Savannah and was dangerously wounded being re- 
ported in the London Gazette of February 23, 1779, as follows : "Captain Peter 
Campbell of the 3rd Battalion Skinner's Light Infantry, killed at Savannah, 
Georgia." This notice appeared also in Rivington's Royal Gazette of February 
6. He was at Charleston, January 16, 1779, the defence of Ninety Six in June, 
1781, the battle of Eutaw Springs September 9, 1781, and continued with the 
Southern army until the evacuation of Charleston in December, 1782. Having 



130 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1769 

owned property in Pennsylvania he was directed by the Executive Council oi 
that State to surrender himself for trial within a specified time or stand attainted 
for treason. The property, appraised at £3,390:2:0 Sterling, was confiscated and 
sold. At the reduction in 1783 he was placed on half-pay and retired to Fred- 
ericton. New Brunswick. On February 10, 1784, he addressed a Memorial to 
the Commissioners of Claims, through his attorney William Taylor, recounting 
his services and his losses and asking compensation. He owned a house and 
lot in Philadelphia and one of the items was a negro valued at £50. On Feb- 
ruary 10, 1787, a final determination was arrived at and he was awarded £1,163. 
Captain Campbell died at Mangerville, Fredericton, New Brunswick, in 1822. — 
Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldinc; Loyalist Papers; Fergusons Two Soldiers. 
[In pamphlet of 1770 as Mr. Patrick Campbell.] 



217 CAPTAIN ROBERT ELDER. 

In 1761 Captain Elder was engaged in the African slave trade, clearing for 
Africa in August of that year in the sloop Pitt, and in 1763 he advertised a 
"Parcel of fine Young healthy Slaves most of which have had the small Pox." 
He commanded several vessels up to 1771, beyond which date his sea service 
has not been traced. In 1770 he became a member of the Marine Society and in 
1786 a Resident member of our Society, he being up to that date an Honorary 
Member. He owned one share in the Tontine Cofifee House. He married Ann 
Logie, November 3rd, 1787. In 1789 he was in business at 2 Duke Street. In 
his later years Captain Elder lived in a "beautiful country place on the North 
River, about 2 miles from the Coffee House." This place he left to his daughter 
Elizabeth who married William C. Ludlow on October 27th, 1804. Elder 
died in 1797 his will being admitted to probate August 7th, of that year. He 
may have died at sea. Mrs. Elder died at No. 1 Harrison Street on April 1st, 
1810. 



218 GEORGE McKENZIE, M. D. 

There seems to be considerable doubt as to the name of this member. In 
the published list of 1770 the name appears as Dr. George, but in the Sketch 
Book of 1823 over fifty years later it is given as Dr. John. The only army sur- 
geon named McKenzie was identified with the 60th Regiment up to 1762. The 
British Army List of 1756 shows the appointment of John to that regiment as of 
February 2, 1756. On 1761, however, it was discovered that an error had been 
made and that the name should have been James. This is confirmed by the 
History of the Regiment. This individual severed his connection with the Regi- 
ment in 1762. In the British Army List of 1761 appears the name of Surgeon 
John of the Hospitals of Great Britain on half-pay. The identity of our member 
of 1769 cannot be deternained definitely. The only reference to any one of the 



1769 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 131 

above name appears in the History of Antigua where it is stated that Dr. George 
McKenzie was licensed to practice medicine and surgery there on March 4, 1765. 
It is quite probable that this was our member as any one traveling between 
Antigua and Europe would call at New York. 



219 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER MARQUIS. 

Captain Marquis was in the employment of George and John Buchanan of 
Glasgow, and his cargoes were regularly consigned to Walter and Thomas 
Buchanan, their agents here. In 1766 he was master of the snow Thistle of 
Glasgow ; in 1771 of the ship Glasgow and later in the year of the ship Buchanan. 
In 1772 he was again in command of the Glasgow; in 1774 he became a member 
of the Marine Society ; in 1775 he was master of the ship Patty, a Letter of 
Marque, carrying sixteen guns and twenty-nine men. This ship was of 240 
tons burthen, copper bottomed and built at Staten Island for Walter and Thomas 
Buchanan. He was attacked August 21, 1777, while on his voyage from Tene- 
riffe to New York, by two Privateers, one of fourteen, the other of sixteen carriage 
guns, besides a great number of swivels, and full of men. Here is the account of 
the aflfair as it appeared in the New York Mercury of September 29, 1777. "They 
both came up, one on each Quarter, and attempted to Board the Patty. Capt. 
Marquis was fortunate enough, the first Broadside, to give the smallest vessel 
such a Dose as made her sheer off, and prevented her coming near enough again 
to do him much Damage, though she kept up a constant firing. The other en- 
gaged him very warmly for six glasses, when Capt. Marquis gave him a Broadside 
with round, double head and Cannister Shot in each Gun, which brought down 
fore and main topsail Yards to the Tops, and Mainsail to the Deck, and caused 
such a confusion and Screaming on Board as prevented their firing but a few 
more guns. Whereupon they as fast as possible hauled their Wind, and crowded 
all the Sail they could to get off. Capt. Marquis gave Chase to the smallest Ves- 
sel, who likewise crowded all Sail ; and both being in a light Set of Ballast, out- 
sailed Capt. Marquis who was deeply loaded." He was wounded in another 
engagement on September 23, 1780, with an American frigate of 26 guns hailing 
from Salem, Mass. Captain Marquis reported that "the carnage on board the 
frigate must have been great as she appeared full of men and was twice beaten 
off" notwithstanding the disparity in strength. Again on his passage from Lisbon 
in the early summer of 1781 he was attacked off Bermuda by a privateer brig 
of 18 guns, and full of men and engaged her for "five glasses" after which the 
brig sheered off and. being the speedier sailor, escaped. Nothing further regard- 
ing this srallant seaman has been noted. 



220 REVEREND JOHN OGILVIE, D. D. 

Dr. Ogilvie was a son of William Ogilvie, younger son of Sir Walter Ogilvie, 
afterwards Baron Ogilvie of Deskford. He was born in New York City, 1722, 



132 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1769 

and died there November 26th, 1774. He graduated from Yale in 1748 in the 
same class with Bishop Seabury. After receiving orders he was appointed, March 
17, 1748, by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, at a 
salary of iSO per annum, to the mission to the Mohawk Indians, among whom 
he laboured for ten years. He was appointed Chaplain to the Royal American 
regiment and was present in every campaign during the French and Indian War. 
He was with Sir William Johnson in 1759 and the next year with General Am- 
herst in his expedition against Canada. For a period prior to 1764 he was in 
charge of the Protestant Congregation at Montreal. On September 26th, 1764, 
he was appointed Assistant Minister in Trinity Church, New York, which post 
he held during the remaining ten years of his life. He received the degree of 
D. D. from Marischal College, Aberdeen, in 1769, and King's College, New 
York, in 1770. From 1770 to 1774 he was one of the Governors of King's Col- 
lege. Mrs. Grant of Laggan says he "was highly respected and indeed much 
loved by all who were capable of appreciating his merit. His appearance was 
singularly prepossessing; his address and manners entirely those of a gentleman. 
His abilities were respectable, his doctrine was pure and scriptural, and his life 
exemplary, both as a clergyman, and in his domestic circle, where he was pecu- 
liarly amiable ; add to all this a talent for conversation, extensive reading, and a 
thorough knowledge of life." He was tall and graceful, had a dignity which 
commanded respect and an affability of manner which endeared him to his ac- 
quaintances. He had an excellent voice, his elocution was free and easy, his 
imagination lively, his memory retentive and his judgment solid. \\'ith these 
qualifications he could not fail of being a popular and admired preacher. He 
was stricken with apoplexy while in the reading desk of his church and lan- 
guished for a few days, dying without a struggle, and leaving the reputation of 
a most exemplary and faithful clergyman. — Scot. Notes & Queries; Appleton; 
Pa. Packet; ct al. 



221 CHARLES STEUART. 

Charles Steuart was born in Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, in the year 1725. 
At the age of twelve he was sent to Edinburgh University, where he made mathe- 
matics his principal study. In 1741 he was sent to Norfolk, \'irginia, as store- 
keeper for Robert Boyd, a large tobacco merchant in Glasgow. He soon ac- 
quired a thorough knowledge of business, established a character for integrity, 
became the partner of a resident merchant and finally founded a business 
of his own at Norfolk, Virginia. His political preferment seems to have been 
owing to his humane attentions to some Spanish officers and a lady of high 
rank who were driven into Virginia in distress, while on their passage from 
Havana to Cadiz. The circumstances of their case were such as to attract the 
notice of the British and Spanish governments and Mr. Steuart, on going to 
England, was received with marked respect by the ministers of both. Mr. Gren- 
ville, Chancellor of the Exchequer, conferred upon him in 1750 the office of 



1769 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 133 

Deputy Surveyor-General of the Customs for the Province of Pennsylvania. In 
1765 he became Surveyor-General for New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and 
Canada and in 1769 for the district of Quebec. In 1767 he was appointed Cashier 
and Paymaster of the Customs in America. The occasion of his visit to New 
York in 1769, when he received Honorary membership in this Society, was his 
appointment as one of thirteen commissioners to settle and determine the boun- 
dary line between New York and New Jersey. This body met on October 7, 1769, 
in the long room of the Chamber of Commerce and Mr. Steuart was its Chairman. 
He retained the office of Surveyor-General during the Stamp Act troubles and 
until the establishment of the Board of Customs at Boston about 1773. He 
returned to England just before the appeal to arms and, detained by the con- 
tinually increasing asperity of the controversy, never returned to America. His 
name is connected with one of the celebrated cases in English jurisprudence. 
While living in London his slave Somerset became idle by indulgence and at last 
deserted his service. In punishment Mr. Steuart put him on board a ship bound 
to Jamaica. That is one version. Another account is that the negro was turned 
out into the street to die during an attack of sickness, and when he regained 
his health, by the humanity of Granville Sharp and others, he was claimed 
by his master as his property. Be the truth what it may, it is certain that at the 
instance of Mr. Sharp a writ of habeas corpus was obtained and that Lord 
Mansfield decided not only that Somerset was free but that his master could not 
send his negro servant from England to a colony or any other country. The 
result of this trial was a movement to abolish the slave trade. Mr. Steuart pos- 
sessed an ample fortune and continued to reside in London until 1790 when, 
settling his affairs, he retired to his brother's house, St. Andrew's Square, Edin- 
burgh, where he died November 27, 1797. — Sabine's Loyalists; Nnv Jersey 
Archives; The Press. 
[Former identification 2vrong; correction made possible by pamphlet of 1770.] 



222 WILLIAM STEUART, M.D. 

In 1762 Dr. Steuart was in partnership with Dr. Donald McLean, member 
1764, in Philadelphia, at "the Sign of the Golden Pestle," in Second Street near 
Market, selling out, however, to a new firm at the end of that year. In 1764 
Dr. Steuart came to New York and advertised as a Druggist and "Chymist" 
from London, succeeding James Murray, whose place of business was opposite 
the Meal Market. In 1767 he was at the "Golden Head,'' having removed from 
between Burling's and Beekman's Slips to house lately occupied by Walter and 
Thomas Buchanan, in Queen Street, between Hanover Square and the Fly- 
Market, and was there in 1774. In 1778 he was located at the corner of Water 
Street and the Fly-Market, but this may be the same premises differently 
described. In 1780 he sold his business and left the country. In 1781 he adver- 
tised in the New York newspapers that he was then engaged in London in ship- 
ping drugs to New York and solicited the business of New York druggists. 



134 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1770 

1770 



223 COLONEL WILLIAM ANSTRUTHER. 

William Anstruther, fifth son of Sir Philip Anstruther, second Baronet of 
Balcaskie, Fifeshire, was born July 27, 1738. He obtained a commission as 
Lieutenant in the 26th Foot, the Cameronian regiment, in 1757, and became 
Captain in the same regiment in 1766. In 1770 and 1771 he occupied a room in 
the barracks at the Battery in New York. In 1772 he was in command at Crown 
Point. He took part in the defence of St. John, New Brunswick, and on the 
surrender of that place to the American forces under Montgomery, November 3, 
1775, he became a prisoner and was sent with his regiment to Reading, Penn- 
sylvania, where he remained until exchanged. In 1777 he retired from the army 
and in 1779 was at Bergen, New Jersey. Captain Anstruther was commissioned 
Major, in 1779, in Donken's Royal Garrison Battalion, raised by the government 
for garrison duty only, the battalion being unfitted for more arduous work, and 
for a time was in command at Bermuda. At the conclusion of the war he retired 
to St. Andrews, Charlotte County, Nova Scotia. In 1790 he became Captain of 
one of the companies of Royal Invalids, stationed on the Island of Jersey, Com- 
mandant in 1794 of the same at Guernsey, and Colonel in the army in 1795. 
Colonel Anstruther's correspondence in 1782 while in Bermuda shows that he 
was a very indifferent speller, and that he busied himself importuning Sir Guy 
Carleton and others for military appointments for his two sons, one of them, 
Philip, being then at school in Glasgow. He stated that he was an unfortunate 
old officer who had to purchase every step of his promotion and had "losed" his 
limbs or the use of them in the service, and, moreover, had lost three brothers 
and great property in lands, so that his sons had nothing to expect from their 
"much reduced father." Philip eventually went into the navy. Colonel Anstruther 
died in the year 1805 and his widow, Isabella McLeod, survived him until January, 
1836.— Co/. Doc; Sabine; Ford; N. Y. State Hist. Rcpt. 1S97; Carleton Palmers; 
Burke. 



224 DOUGAL CAMPBELL. 

Dougal Campbell was Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of Charleston, 
South Carolina, and was a resident of that town in 1757. He was a man of 
considerable force of character and not to be turned aside from his purpose. 
Lord Adam Gordon characterizes him also as quarrelsome in his cups. In 1766, 
when the people were agitated in consequence of the Stamp Act, Campbell 
objected to going on with the business of the Court without stamps. Notwith- 
standing orders of the judges he refused to recede from his position, and they 
thereupon requested Lieutenant-Governor Bull to suspend Campbell, which he 
refused to do, Campbell being within the law. On the Repeal of the Stamp Act 
there were great rejoicings, every one fraternizing, judges, clerk and people. The 



1770 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 135 

judges in retaliation severely reprimanded Campbell and fined him £100, but the 
fine was suspended. When the Court met in May, 1766, Campbell submitted and 
petitioned for remission of the fine, but was held in ilO. In August, 1770, Camp- 
bell landed in New York on his way to Canada. A day or two after his arrival 
at Lake George he was seen to enter the woods. On his not returning, search 
parties were organized, but no trace of him was ever found. Perhaps his pugnacity 
was responsible for his disappearance. His next of kin was Lieutenant George 
Robertson of H. M. S. Fowey and Campbell's estate was handed over to him. — 
So. Car. as a Royal Province; Land Grant.<;; the Press. 



225 CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD KENNEDY, R. N. 

ELEVENTH EARL OF CASSILIS. 

Captain Kennedy was born in America and probably in New York. He was 
the son of Archibald Kennedy, Collector of Customs at New York and 
Receiver-General of the Province, by his first wife, who had been a Miss Massam. 
He was a lineal descendant of Thomas, second son of the third Earl of Cassilis. 
Captain Kennedy's connection with the Royal Navy began in 1744, when he was 
very young, and during the 27 years he remained in it he saw much service. He 
received his commission as Captain, April 4, 1757. In 1759 he was in command 
of the Flamborougli. of 20 guns, cruising off the coasts of France, Spain and 
Portugal, and in 1760, after capturing a French privateer of greatly superior 
strength, he was given command of the frigate Quebec, of 36 guns. He distin- 
guished himself by many brilliant actions, in consequence of which he was pre- 
sented in 1761 by the British merchants of Lisbon with a handsome piece of 
plate worth £200. In 1762 he had command of the frigate Blonde, 32 guns, but 
his best known command was that of the Coventry, of 28 guns, which came here 
in 1765, or perhaps earlier, and was for a long period on the New York station. 
He married, first, in 1765, Katherine, only daughter and heiress of Peter Schuyler, 
who died without issue in 1767. His second wife was Anne, daughter of John 
Watts, by whom he had three sons, Archibald, who became the twelfth Earl of 
Cassilis and first Marquis of Ailsa, John and Robert, the latter succeeding to 
No. 1 Broadway, the family mansion in New York. He also had one daughter. 
During the Stamp Act excitement in 1766 Governor Colden proposed to put the 
instruments or stamped paper aboard Kennedy's ship, but he declined to receive 
them and was suspended or superseded and placed on half-pay. In 1777 the 
Americans, believing that his wife was giving aid to the enemy, arrested Captain 
Kennedy at Morristown, New Jersey, but he was afterwards released on parole. 
His property consisted of several houses at the lower end of Broadway, his 
country home at Pavonia, "within half a mile of Powles Hook Ferry House," and 
a house in Newark, which was plundered by the Americans in 1777. The Ken- 
nedy mansion. No. 1 Broadway, was occupied during the Revolution by General 
Israel Putnam. Here for some weeks Washington came frequently from his 



136 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1770 

headquarters at Richmond Hill to confer with his officers. Later the house was 
occupied by Sir William Howe and Sir Henry Clinton. Here Major Andre wrote 
the letters to Benedict Arnold which preceded Arnold's betrayal and Andre's 
capture and execution. After the Revolution it was sold to Nathaniel Prime and 
in 1794 became the Washington Hotel. As such at one time it housed Talley- 
rand, Napoleon's exiled minister. The old mansion was torn down by Cyrus W. 
Field in 1882 and an office building erected on the site. In 1919 the property was 
acquired by the International Mercantile Marine Co. and the building remodelled. 
On the death of his great-grandfather in 1792 Captain Kennedy succeeded as 
eleventh Earl of Cassilis and died at London, December 30, 1794. His wife, 
Anne Watts, died at Edinburgh, December 20, 1793. — Scottish Nation; Stevens; 
Burke; Col. Doc. 



226 JOHN MURRAY, EARL OF DUNMORE. 

President, 1770-1771. 

Lord Dunmore, Royal Governor of Virginia, was bom in 1732 and died at 
Ramsgate, England, May, 1809. He was descended in the female line from the 
house of Stuart. He succeeded to the peerage in 1756, was appointed Governor 
of New York in 1770 and of Virginia in July. 1771. On his arrival at Williams- 
burg in 1772 he dissolved the Virginia Assembly, and in May, 1774, he again 
dissolved the same body, because it resolved to keep the 1st of June, the day for 
closing the port of Boston, as a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer. In the 
following April Lord Dunmore caused the removal of the powder from the 
magazine at Williamsburg to a British ship. This incensed the people and they 
took up arms under Patrick Henry. Lord Dunmore, becoming alarmed at this 
action, convened the council, but nothing changed Henry's purpose. Lady Dun- 
more was sent aboard the Fozvey, man-of-war, and the Governor issued a procla- 
mation against "a certain Patrick Henry" and his "deluded followers," but upon 
the receipt of the news from Lexington he fled to Fort Johnston, sending his wife 
to New York. In 1776, when the British army arrived in New York, Lord 
Dunmore was joined by a few royalists, and carried on a petty warfare, plundering 
the inhabitants on the James and York rivers, and carrying ofT their slaves. On 
December 9 his followers suffered a severe defeat at the battle of Great Bridge, 
and shortly afterward he burned Norfolk, then the most populous and flourishing 
town of Virginia. He was afterward obliged to take refuge aboard his fleet, which 
was driven by well-placed batteries from one place to another till he anchored near 
the mouth of the Potomac. Continuing his predatory warfare, he established 
himself in June on Gwynn Island, in the Chesapeake, there vainly awaiting aid, 
but was dislodged by the Virginians in July, being wounded in the leg. Washing- 
ton said in December, 1775 : "I do not think that forcing his lordship on shipboard 
is sufficient. Nothing less than depriving him of life and liberty will secure peace 
to Virginia, as motives of resentment actuate his conduct to a degree equal to the 



1770 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 137 

total destruction of that colony." Lord Dunmore with his fleet of fugitives con- 
tinued during a part of 1776 on the coasts and rivers of Virginia, but after various 
distressing adventures, he burned the smaller vessels, and sent the remainder to 
the West Indies. In 1779 his name appeared in the Confiscation Act of New 
York. He returned to England and in 1786 was appointed Governor of the 
Bermudas. His wife, Elizabeth, who died at South wood House, near Ramsgate, 
England, in 1818, was the daughter of the Earl of Galloway. — A[>plcton. 



227 LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR EDWARD FOY. 

Edward Foy received a commission as First Lieutenant of Fire Workers in 
the Royal Artillery in 1755, became Captain-Lieutenant in 1759, and Bridge 
Master in 1761. In the month of July, 1759, he acted with such bravery at the 
battle of Minden as to be specially distinguished on the day after the battle by 
the Commander-in-Chief in his address to the army. He was promoted to a 
captaincy in February, 1764, and accompanied Lord Dunmore, as his private 
secretary, to New York in 1770, and went thence with his lordship to Virginia in 
1772. He married, in Christ Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey, on April 26, 
1772, Hannah Van Home, daughter of John Van Home of Kills Hall and in 
1773 had a son born to him. In July he was a passenger for London in the ship 
Duchess of Gordon. He was gazetted Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire 
in July, 1774. During his stay in Virginia Captain Foy unfortunately shared 
much of the odium that attached to the Governor, with whom he retired on board 
the Foiivy on June 8, 1775. In the address of the House of Burgesses on the 
19th of June following, they accuse the Governor of "giving too much credit to 
some persons who, to the great injury of the community, possessed much too large 
a share of his Lordship's confidence" (alluding to Captain Foy as "an Englishman 
of violent passions and hostile prejudices against us," who was considered Gor- 
ernor de facto). The Countess of Dunmore sailed soon after and arrived in 
England in August, 1775. Captain Foy returned home about the same time with 
despatches for the Ministry, and at the close of the following year his name is 
found countersigned to an official paper issued at Crown Point by Governor 
Carleton of Canada, shortly after his defeat of the American fleet on Lake Cham- 
plain. General Pattison notified Lord Townshend in 1779 that Foy had died in 
Canada. — Col. Doc; the Press. 



228 ROBERT CAMBRIDGE LIVINGSTON. 

Manager, 1773-1774. 

Robert Livingston, Jr., son of Robert, the third lord of the manor, was born 
December 26, 1742. He assumed the name of Cambridge as a middle name to 
distinguish himself from the other Livingstons named Robert, and because he 



138 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1770 

was a graduate of Cambridge University. His place of business was 13 Great 
Dock Street. He married Alice, daughter of John Swift, and died at Hudson, 
New York, August 23, 1794. His widow became the wife of Governor James 
Craufurd, member 1799. — The Lk'ingstons of Livingston Manor; et al. 
[Appears on Roll as Robert Livingston, Jun.] 



229 WILLIAM MAXWELL. 

Manager, 1774-75; 1784-85; Treasurer, 1785-87; Second Vice-President, 
1787-88; First Vice-President, 1788-92. 

Mr. Maxwell, second son of Charles Maxwell, an upholsterer in London, was 
born January 1, 1728. He came of the Maxwells of Terraughty and fourth in 
descent from John, sixth Lord Herries. He married, November 30, 1749, Marian, 
daughter of Judge McBraire, of Glasgow. On September 4, 1772, William Max- 
well and family, passengers on the ship Juno, landed in New York, and in the 
same year Maxwell & Williams advertised that they were "from Bristol, at 
Robert and John Murray's Old Store." They further stated that at Bristol they 
"for many years carried on a large and extensive trade in the snuff and tobacco 
manufactories," and that they "have erected in this city a complete apparatus for 
carrying on the said business in all its branches." In 1773 their store was in the 
Fly-Market and their works at Bayard's Sugar House in Wall Street. After May 
of that year their store was at the lower end of Wall Street. On September 27, 
1784, his wife Marian died. In 1785 Maxwell contributed 120 towards Saint 
Andrew's Hall, and in 1786 became Vice-President of the Bank of New York 
and subsequently its President. In 1786 his address was No. 4 Wall Street. In 
1787 he was Treasurer of the Mutual Assurance Co., engaged in insuring against 
fire loss. He died February 8, 1792, and the New York Journal says that he was 
"a character too well known to require any panegyric." He died intestate and 
letters of administration were granted to his sons, James Homer and William 
Maxwell, both of whom became members of the Society. 



230 LIEUTENANT PATRICK MONCRIEFFE. 

Lieutenant Moncrieffe was appointed in 1761 to an Independent Company, 
later known as the 103rd Regiment of Foot, or the Volunteer Hunters, which 
was disbanded in 1763 and Moncrieffe was placed on the half-pay list. He was 
recalled to the colours in 1767 as Ensign in the 16th Foot, transferred to the 26th 
Regiment in 1769, and promoted to a lieutenantcy in the same regiment in 1770. 
He sailed for London March 13, 1771, on the Duke of Cumberland packet. His 
name appears on the roster of the 26th up to 1778 and on the half-pay list as 
of the 103rd Regiment up to 1800, and probably later. 



1770 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 139 

231 MAJOR CHARLES PRESTON. 

This officer became Captain in the 26th Foot in 1759, and Major in the same 
regiment in 1768. He served throughout the campaign until the peace in 1763 
and then did garrison duty throughout the country. In 1770 he had been stationed 
for three years at New Brunswick, New Jersey, with 160 men. On the transfer 
of the company to New York the inhabitants presented him with an address 
During the time the company had been in New Brunswick there had been only 
two deaths, while there were fifty cliildren born to them. In 1771 Preston occu- 
pied rooms in the barracks at the Fort in New York. In 1773 he was on duty 
in Montreal, and in 1775, when Ethan Allen had captured the fort of St. John, in 
New Brunswick. Colonel Templer of the 26th sent Preston with 140 men to 
drive Alkm out. Hearing of this Allen made an attempt to surprise Preston, 
but faih'ng to do so he immediately took boat and sailed away. With a garrison 
of 550 men of the 7th and 26th Regiments and over 100 Canadians Preston put the 
fort in a good state for defence. He was besieged for seven weeks by Mont- 
gomery, the soldiers were often knee-deep in mire, ammunition ran short, but it 
was only when the garrison was near starvation and after the base surrender of 
Fort Chambley, which was depended on to keep open communication between 
St. John and Montreal, and the faihire of Carleton and Allan McLean with their 
forces to get to his relief, that Preston was prevailed on to entertain terms of capit- 
ulation. Montgomery, when praising the garrison for its fortitude and perse- 
verance, so far forgot himself as to introduce into the terms of capitulation the 
insulting phrase, "I wish they had been in a better cause." Preston insisted that 
these words in the conditions be erased, stating that "the garrison being deter- 
mined rather to die with their arms in their hands than submit to the indignity of 
such reflection." This firm attitude had its full influence upon Montgomery, who 
was not prepared for a fight in which "no quarter" would be given or taken, and 
the words were expunged. Preston then capitulated and the garrison marched 
out with the honours of war, November 3, 1775. The prisoners were sent to 
Albany and afterwards to New Jersey. Major Preston was on the Roster of 
the 26th Regiment up to 1777, but thereafter his name does not appear either in 
the active or retired list of the army. It is a singular commentary on fame that 
the subsequent career of this gallant officer is unknown, not even the history of 
the regiment having a word to say on the subject. — Kingsford's History of Can- 
ada; History 26th Regiment; British Army List; Ford. 



232 MAJOR DAVID SCOTT. 

Captain Scott was an officer of the Royal Artillery. In 1773 he was stationed 
at St. Augustine. In 1780 he was acting as Commissary of Horse, and in De- 
cember, 1782, he received an address from the principal inhabitants of Kings and 
Queens Counties, Long Island. On March 29, 1783, he was gazetted Major in 
the army. His name was dropped from the army list in 1793. — Pattison's Letters; 
the Press. 



140 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1770 

233 LIEUTENANT WILLIAM SMIBERT. 

This name appears in the Sketch Book of 1823 as Captain Smybert, without 
any Christian name. There was no Captain Smybert in the British army in 1770. 
There was, however, one Ensign William Smibert, who was in New York in 
1770, attached to the 26th (Cameronian) regiment and who in 1771 was still in 
barracks in New York. On May 12, 1772, he sailed on the ship London for 
London. On February 22, 1776, he was raised to the rank of Lieutenant, and 
in 1777 his name does not appear in the roster of the regiment nor in the Army 
List. 



234 COLONEL JOHN SYME. 

Colonel Syme was a son of Colonel John Syme, Sen. (who emigrated from 
Scotland to Virginia and died in 1731), by his wife, Sarah, daughter of Isaac and 
Mary (Dabney) Winston. On the death of Colonel John his widow married 
Colonel John Henry, a native of Aberdeen, and became the mother of Patrick 
Henry, the orator, who was thus half brother to our member. Colonel John 
.Syme, Jun., was born in the year 1730; married about 1756, Mildred Meriwether 
(born May 19, 1739, died 1764), daughter of Nicholas Meriwether, Jr. Colonel 
Syme was frequently a member of the House of Burgesses from Hanover, Va., 
and was a member of the Revolutionary Conventions of 1774-1776. He fre- 
quently served as a member of the Legislature. During the war, while acting 
under the orders of the Governor of Virginia, he was active in the Commissariat 
Department, mustering troops, collecting stores, horses, &c., mending roads, 
transporting cannon and grinding flour for the army at his mill at Rocky Mills, 
in Hanover County. In May, 1778, he was a Colonel on the Staff with Wash- 
ington at Valley Forge, and in June he was at Headquarters at Kingston on the 
Hudson. In 1790 he received the appointment of Sheriff of Hanover County. 
He had a son, Captain John, who died in 1793, after a very short illness, at the 
home of Samuel Jordan Cabell, whose wife, Sally, was Colonel John's sister. 
The obituary of John Syme appeared in the Virginia Argus of December 4, 
1805.— The Cabclls and their Kin; Cal. Va. State Papers; Va. Hist. Mag. 



235 CAPTAIN ROBERT WADDELL. 

Captain Waddell was born in Scotland in the year 1734. The following are 
the military appointments of this officer so far as has been ascertained : "Lieu- 
tenant Robert Weddall, 26th, Cameronians, February 7, 1759 ; Captain-Lieutenant 
Robert Weddall, 26th, Cameronians, October 31, 1770; Lieutenant Robert Waddle, 
57th Regiment, October 9, 1775." These different spellings refer to one and the 
same man, the last being phonetic. In 1770 the 26th Regiment occupied the bar- 
racks in New York. In the New York Journal of January 31, 1771, appeared an 



1770 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 141 

announcement of the death of Lieutenant Waddell, in the 38th year of his age, 
leaving behind a disconsolate widow, etc. The following week this was con- 
tradicted, Waddell being in perfect health and a bachelor, and the editor, having 
wasted a lot of sympathy, preached a homily on the heartlessness of the practical 
joker, and for months thereafter the Journal reported no deaths. When or how 
Lieutenant Waddell attained his Captaincy and what his career was in the Revo- 
lution have not come within our ken. His connection with the 57th Regiment and 
the army ceased in 1778. On August 7, 1791, there died in Jermyn Street, Lon- 
don, Robert Waddell, Esq., of Crawhill, near Linlithgow, who may have been our 
member. 



1771 



236 THE HON. ROBERT CATHERWOOD, M. D. 

The earliest reference to Dr. Catherwood which came to our attention 
appeared in the New York Mercury of October 5, 1763, in the advertised list 
of letters in the New York Post Office. In 1765 Dr. Catherwood was garrison 
surgeon of East Florida and was stationed at St. Augustine and identified with 
that station up to 1777. His marriage to Miss Jenny Chads, "lately arrived from 
England," is noted in the South Carolina Gazette of Charleston on February 17, 
1767, and he is there styled "The Honourable." showing that he was probably a 
member of the Governor's Council. In the New York Post Boy of September 2, 
1771, appeared the notice that Dr. Catherwood had come to New York from St. 
Augustine in four weeks while on a "tour" to Halifax, and also stated that he had 
just built new barracks in St. Augustine. His visit to New York in 1771, 
which accounts for his membership in the Society, was occasioned by the death 
in Charleston in May of that year of Dr. William Catherwood, Surgeon of the 
40th regiment, who had been Barrack Master at Halifax and Inspector of the 
Out Posts in Nova Scotia. Dr. William had been visiting Robert in St. Augustine 
and was on his way North when he died. These men were probably brothers, 
and Robert's "tour" was, without doubt, for the purpose of looking after Wil- 
liam's estate. The last reference to Dr. Robert was in 1777, when he preferred 
trivial charges against the Barrack Master of St. Augustine, forwarding them to 
his superior. Dr. Adair. In 1783 his name does not appear in the British army 
list. 

Dr. William Catherwood, formerly identified as our member, has not been 
traced to New York. — Carleton Papers; the Press. 

[This name appeared in our first printed Roll in iSjj as Dr. Colder- 

wood and in Morrison's History as M. D. Calderwood, a mistake in both 

instances.] 



142 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1771 

237 WILLIAM LOWTHER. 

William Lowther was a native of Great Britain. About 1756 he became a 
resident of Edenton, North Carolina, where he engaged in trade and became 
a Justice of the Peace. So far as known he had three brothers, George, John and 
Tristrim, the latter of Northampton County, North Carolina, and two sisters, 
Nelly and Nancy, all mentioned in Tristrim's will. William stayed in Edenton 
until his health broke down, and in 1771 he removed to New York and engaged 
in the provision business near Peck's Slip. Stevens says that in 1775 Lowther 
was the owner of the sloop Francis, which was permitted by the Committee of 
Safety to sail with her cargo to the Carolinas. In 1776 he applied to Sir Hyde 
Parker to go South again. He found North Carolina aflame with rebellion and 
his life was in danger. All his property was confiscated and, to save his life, he 
purchased a deck boat, about five tons burthen, and after much difiSculty and 
danger he arrived in New York in June, 1777, where he remained till 1783. 
During this period he engaged in the shipping business and fitted out several 
privateers. He purchased a house in Dover Street and built a large brick ware- 
house, which was occupied by the British. He married Barbara Gregory and 
had a son, Tristram (member, 1784), and two daughters. Barbara married in 
Boston in the year 1784 Captain Archibald Maclaine of Lochbuie, attached to 
the 84th, or Royal Highland Emigrants. This gentleman possessed a harsh, quar- 
relsome nature. He quarrelled with his commanding officer, Brigadier Allan 
McLean of Torloisk, our member, and brought charges against him. A Court of 
Enquiry sentenced Archibald to suspension from the army, which finding, on being 
presented to George III, was changed to dismissal. On his return to England to 
lay the matter fully before the King he took his bride with him. On the way 
across the Atlantic he engaged in a quarrel with a fellow traveller named Daniel 
Monroe, who tried his best to avoid Captain Archibald. One day, threatening to 
kill Monroe, he started for his stateroom, when Monroe waylaid him and ran him 
through with his sword. Monroe was tried and acquitted. The young bride 
applied to her father-in-law, John of Lochbuie, for relief but he refused on the 
ground that not having been married one year she was not entitled under Scottish 
law to any share in the estate of Lochbuie. She even petitioned the King, but 
a deaf ear was turned to her. At last, in 1787, she sued her father-in-law, who 
set up the above defence, but the Court made short work of his plea and granted 
her "aliment." Another daughter in 1790 married the Hon. John Page of Vir- 
ginia. Mr. Lowther became a member of the Chamber of Commerce in 1779. 
In 1783 he was settled temporarily in St. Andrews, New Brunswick. In 1784 
he returned to New York and engaged in the tobacco business at 78 Cherry Street. 
In 1787 Lowther went back to Edenton to look after his property there and 
found his lands and tobacco warehouses all confiscated. He appealed to the 
Commissioners of Claims for compensation for his losses. In July, 1790, on his 
return from a trip to Europe, he advertised "That a combination of circumstances 
necessitated his removal to Europe" and he therefore offered for sale his houses 
in Cherry Street. No later references have been found. — Loyalist Papers, Vol. 
46, p. 584; Gen. & Biog. Rec.; Hist, of Macleans; the Press. 



1771 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 143 

238 WILLIAM McDOUGALL. 

In 1769 McDougall was registered as a Gentleman and Freeman of the City. 
In 1774 he was in the dry goods business and advertised that he was "At the 
corner of the Fly-Market. Intends to go to North Britain in the Fall. Wants to 
sell his goods cheap for cash, and also his land in the Scotch Patent, Charlotte 
County." Governor Clinton, writing from Poughkeepsie, February, 1779, men- 
lions McDougall "of this place" as a suitable person to assist the Commissaries. 
In 1783 McDougall was living at Poughkeepsie, showing that he had been a 
refugee during the British occupation of New York. In August of that year he 
advertised for sale his house in New York, situated opposite the northwest corner 
of the Fly-Market, facing Queen Street. Nothing further has been found regard- 
ing this member other than the death of his daughter, Ann, wife of Charles G. 
Van Megen, Esq., of the Island of St. Croix, in Brooklyn, June 13, 1815, in her 
52nd year. In the notice her father is described as "late." It is a singular coin- 
cidence that one of the same name was a United Empire Loyalist, who served in 
the Commissariat department of the British army during the Revolution, and 
who subsequently settled in Shelburne, Nova Scotia, afterwards removing to 
upper Canada. His son, Daniel, had a son, William, member of the provincial 
Parliament, who represented Canada at the World's Fair in New York in 1853. — ■ 
Sabitic; the Press; Clinton Papers. 



239 ARCHIBALD McLEAN, M. D. 

Dr. McLean was a native of the Island of Mull, who came out to Jamaica, 
West Indies, and became a "surgeon and practitioner of Physic" in the Parish of 
Trelawney there. Archibald came to New York in 1771. On January 9, 1772, 
he made his will, and after providing for his five sisters in Scotland, he left to 
his "good friend," Dr. Donald McLean of New York (a fellow member), his 
"riding chairs and his silver Surgeon's Pocket Instruments and £20 for mourn- 
ing," and to William McAdani (also a member), £20 for mourning. Dr. McLean 
died unmarried. His will was proved April 29. 1772. Mc.'Vdam and McLean 
were named as his executors in New York, while Donald McLean of Airds, in 
Mull, was appointed to carry out there the terms of the will, whom failing he 
was to be succeeded by Donald's son-in-law, Captain John Campbell of Ardtornish. 
The above may identify the family to which Dr. McLean belonged. 

[In Morrison's History Dr. McLean is also given as Manager, 1794- 
95. The Manager of that date was Archibald McLean of McLean's "Inde- 
pendent Journal," who joined the Society in 1785.] 



144 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1771 

240 JOHN WITHERSPOON, D. D. 

Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

John Witherspoon was born at Gifford, Haddington, February 5, 1722, and 
was the son of James Witherspoon, minister of the Parish of Yester. He 
graduated from Edinburgh in 1742 and in 1745 was ordained minister of the 
Parish of Beith, Ayrshire. While watching the Battle of Falkirk he was taken 
prisoner and confined for two weeks in Doune Castle. He was installed pastor 
of Paisley in 1757, received the degree of D. D., Aberdeen, 1764, declined the 
presidency of Princeton in 1766, but accepted a second invitation and was inaug- 
urated August 17, 1768. He was a leader of the Presbyterians of this country in 
embracing the American side in the difficulties with the British Crown. He was 
elected to the Convention that framed the New Jersey Constitution, and he sur- 
prised his fellow members by his knowledge of law. In June of 1776 he was 
elected to the Continental Congress and did much to influence the members in 
passing the Declaration of Independence. During the course of the war he 
occupied several important positions and served until its close. In 1783 he visited 
England, intending to appeal for help towards Princeton, but found it politic to 
refrain from doing so. He returned to Princeton, did not resume the work of 
teaching, but occupied himself with the administrative affairs of the college till 
the close of his life. For two years before his death he was blind. His writings 
were many, mostly of a religious character. He died near Princeton, N. J., 
September 15, 1794. 

[Name appeared in Morrison's History as Wothcrspoon, M.D.] 



1772 



241 RICHARD NICOLLS COLDEN. 

Richard Nicolls Colden, son of Alexander Colden and Elizabeth, second 
daughter of Richard Nicolls, graduated from Columbia (then King's) College in 
the class of 1766, and on the 27th August of that year received a commission as 
Ensign in the 42nd, Royal Highlanders, then stationed in Pennsylvania. Whilst 
quartered in the Isle of Man he married a Scottish lady, Henrietta Maria Bethune, 
by whom he had two sons, Alexander and Cadwallader. He left the army at 
the close of 1771, or early in 1772, returned to New York with his family, was 
appointed Surveyor and Searcher of Customs there, which office he held at the 
time of his death. He died August 15, 1777, and his death was announced by 
Governor Tryon to Lord Germaine 24th August, 1777.— N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rec, 
Vol. III. p. Tji; Col. Doc. Vol. VIII. p. an. 



• 



1772 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 145 

242 LIEUT.-GENERAL THE HON. ALEXANDER LESLIE. 

General Leslie, second son of Alexander, fifth Earl of Leven and fourth Earl 
of Melville, and Elizabeth, daughter of David Monypenny of Pitmilly, was born 
in 1731. He was appointed Captain in the 64th regiment of infantry on its for- 
mation in 1758, and acted as aide-de-camp to General Barrington in the Barbadoes 
in 1759. In 1760 he married a daughter of Dr. Walter Tullidelph of Tullidelph, 
in the County of Forfar, who had been a planter and member of the Council of 
the Island of Antigua. By this lady he had an only child, Mary Anne, who in 
1787 married John Rutherfurd of Edgerston and died without issue. In 1766 
Captain Leslie was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment and came 
with it to America in the year 1769. He sailed for London October 22, 1770, on 
the ship Neiv York, and in October, 1772, came from Antigua to Philadelphia 
and thence to New York, at which time he joined the Society, and again sailed 
for home. In 1776 he returned to America in command of the 59th Foot. He 
acted as Brigadier-General and commanded the light infantry at the battle of 
Long Island. He served with great distinction during the war, particularly at the 
Battle of Princeton. In June, 1779, he was in command on Staten Island and on 
February 19th of that year was raised to the rank of Major-General ; in 1780 he 
was at the capture of Charleston, invaded Virginia with 3,000 men and joined 
Lord Cornwallis in North Carolina in December of that year. He led the right 
wing at Guilford and was commandant at Charleston when it was evacuated. 
In 1782 he was in command as Lieutenant-General at Savannah, Georgia, and 
gave up his command on account of ill health. After serving for many years as 
second in command of the forces in Scotland, Lieutenant-General Leslie died at his 
seat, "Beechwood," near Edinburgh, December 27, \79A.—Appleton; Burke; et al. 



243 ALEXANDER ROSS, M.D. 

Dr. Ross was a native of Scotland who had emigrated to the Island of Jamaica 
and after a time removed to New Brunswick, N. J., where he practiced his pro- 
fession. He may have been an army surgeon. While in New Brunswick he 
resided at "Ross Hall" on the east bank of the Raritan about a mile above the 
city. Dr. Ross married February 11, 1775, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Farmer, 
a lady celebrated for her beauty. Her father removed from Staten Island to 
Perth Amboy in 1711. Dr. Ross died at "Ross Hall" Saint Andrew's Day, 1775, 
aged 52 years, and was buried in Christ Church yard where a monument records 
the facts. His widow married Dr. Charles A. Howard and resided at "Ross 
Hall" for many years. — Hist. Union and Middlesex Cos., N. J. 



146 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1773 

1773 



244 ANDREW DREYER BARCLAY. 

Andrew D. Barclay was the third son of Andrew and Helena (Roosevelt) 
Barclay. Nothing is known of him further than that in May, 1776, he was 
granted letters of administration on the estate of his father, and the probability is 
that during the entire time of the British occupation of New York he was engaged 
in carrying on his father's business. At the evacuation he probably retired to 
Nova Scotia, the family being loyal, as his death, which took place in 1784, was 
not recorded in the New York newspapers. It is ascertained through the appoint- 
ment on January 31, 1785, of his brother James as Administrator of the father's 
estate and the statement of Andrew's death is then set forth. At that period he 
must have been about thirty years of age, and the fact that his name in some 
genealogies is entirely omitted would argue that he died unmarried and without 
issue. 

[The previous identification lias no reference to the above hut to his 

nephew zvho joined in 1793.] 



245 JAMES BARCLAY. 

James Barclay was the second son of Andrew and Helena (Roosevelt) Bar- 
clay, and was bom in the year 1750. He graduated from King's College with 
the degree of M. A. in 1766. In 1773 he was engaged in business on Hunter's 
Quay where he sold Jamaica spirits, rum, sugar, etc., and in 1777 was located 
at Little Dock Street, corner of the Exchange. He enlisted as a New Jersey 
volunteer in the cause of the King, was taken prisoner on Staten Island in 1777 
and sent to Trenton. He married in November, 1772, Maria Van Beverhout 
(1752-1791) who bore him fourteen children. In 1783 he was engaged in the 
auction and commission business at 14 Hanover Square, facing the Old Slip, 
where he remained till his death, having no doubt made his peace with the gov- 
ernment. He handled anything and everything that was for sale even to negro 
slaves, an advertisement of that nature appearing as late as September, 1786. On 
the death of his brother Andrew D. he was appointed, January 31, 1785, adminis- 
trator of his father's estate. He rejoined the Society in 1786. On March 15, 
1791, he died after a lingering illness in his 42nd year, his wife surviving him only 
until July 5th following, she dying in her 40th year. 



246 COLONEL THOMAS BARCLAY. 

Col. Barclay, son of Henry Barclay, D. D., Rector of Trinity, was born in 
New York, October 12, 1753. He graduated from King's College in 1772 and 
studied law with John Jay. At the beginning of the Revolution he entered the 



1773 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 14? 

lli-'tish Army under Sir William Howe as a Captain in the Loyal American regi- 
ment and was promoted to be Major by Sir Henry Clinton in 1777. He con- 
tinued in active service till the peace. His estate in New York was confiscated, 
and at the close of the war he went with his family to Nova Scotia. He, together 
with his brother-in-law, Lieut. -Col. Beverly Robinson, and many soldiers of 
their regiment, formed a settlement at Wilmot's Woods, in the wildest part of 
Nova Scotia ; there they remained for several years, living in log-huts, and endur- 
ing many hardships imtil their colony was well established. At the beginning 
of the French Revolution they were called into active service, Mr. Barclay being 
appointed Colonel of the Nova Scotia Legion, and Mr. Robinson of a New Bruns- 
wick regiment. The former was at that time practicing law at Annapolis, and 
the latter had removed to Fredericton, in New Brunswick. Of the House of 
Assembly of that Province Col. Barclay was for some time Speaker, and of the 
Militia, Adjutant-General. From 1796 till 1828 he was employed under the 
Crown in civil stations of great trust and honour. He was successively a com- 
missioner under Jay's Treaty, British Consul-General for the Northern and East- 
ern States, and Commissary for the care and exchange of prisoners. At the con- 
clusion of the War of 1812 he was appointed Commissioner under the Treaty 
of Ghent. He died in New York April 21, 1830. On the north wall of the chan- 
cel of St. Paul's Chapel, in the City of New York, there is a mural tablet to his 
memory. — Sabine; Gen. & Biog. Rcc; et al. 



247 CAPTAIN HENRY COUPAR. 

The first reference to Captain Coupar appears among the marriage licenses, 
he and Janet Taylor receiving one May 29, 1767. In 1768 Captain Coupar was 
master of the brig Charlotte trading to Liverpool and the West Indies ; in 1770 
of the brig Speedwell trading to the Canaries; in 1771 of the ship Samson, a fast 
packet ship, freight and passengers, to and from London ; in 1778 of the ship 
Sally in the same trade up to 1780; and in 1787 of the ship Favorite also in the 
London trade. He became a member of the Marine Society January 13, 1772. 
His after career has not been ascertained. He probably retired from the sea and 
settled elsewhere than in New York. 



248 ROBERT ERSKINE, F. R. S. 

Robert Erskine, son of the Rev. Ralph Erskine, of Dunfermline, was born 
there September 7, 1735. In 1771 or 1772 he came to America to act as manager 
for the London Company's extensive iron mines at Ringwood, Charlottesburgh 
and Long Pond, in the upper part of the present Passaic County, New Jersey, 
in which position he proved to be a man of excellent capacity. In 1774 he was in 
active sympathy with the colonists. In the summer of 1775 he organized a mil- 
tary company, composed of men employed at the iron works, and was commis- 



148 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1773 

sioned Captain by the Provincial Congress. Subsequently, when Washington 
passed through the Ringwood valley, on his way from the Hudson River, he 
made the acquaintance of Erskine, and finding him an accomplished civil engi- 
neer, offered him the rank of Chief Engineer in the army. Erskine seems to 
have been a very modest man for in one of his letters to Governor Clinton in 
reference to this appointment he says that he felt himself not qualified particularly 
as to artillery as he had never seen a bomb thrown nor a gun fired except at a 
review or birthday, but so far as practical geometry and mechanics were neces- 
sary he could undertake with some confidence. He at first declined the appoint- 
ment and Clinton writes him expressing regret. He was induced, however, to 
accept the position of Geographer and Surveyor-General to the American army 
and Washington commissioned him to this office July 27, 1777. While serving in 
this capacity he made a series of maps, still preserved in the New York Historical 
Society, showing the tojxtgraphy of the country, every stream, road and house 
from the Hudson River, westerly, to Ringwood, and from Jersey City to Corn- 
wall. Erskine died October 2, 1780, and was buried at Ringwood, N. J. In 
communicating to Congress the fact of his death, Washington referred to him 
as "That useful and valuable officer." — Neii' Jersey Archives, 2nd Series, Vol. i; 
Clinton Papers. 



249 JAMES GILLAN. 

James Gillan was a planter in St. John's Parish, Antigua, of whom little 
has been noted. In a later generation there was a Dr. Thomas Gillan frequently 
mentioned, who married Sarah Edwards in 1794, and who was returned in 1810 
as member for Falmouth, who may have been a son of James. Thomas died in 
St. Paul's Parish and was buried at Red Hill in 1825. In 1787 James Gillan 
was one of the executors of William Schivez an accountant. The will mentioned 
two brothers, Kenneth and George, all of Inverness, the latter being employed by 
Gillan. James Gillan died prior to 1797. — Hist. Antigua. 

[The former identification as Major John Gillan of the 55th Regiment 

had to be abandoned as that Regiment was in Ireland in 1773.] 



250 PETER VAN BRUGH LIVINGSTON, JR. 

Peter Van Brugh Livingston, Junior, son of Peter Van Brugh Livingston 
and Mary, eldest daughter of James Alexander and sister of "Lord Stirling," 
was born March 31, 1753. He married Susan Blondel or Blundell. In 1778 he 
was at 856 Planover Square and part of his business was importing Irish butter. 
He died at Richmond, Va., September 23, 1786, and was interred in the Church- 
yard there. 

[This appears in Morrison's History as Philip Van B., Jr., bnt in the 

pamphlet of 1770 it is given as Peter V. B., Jnn.] 



1773 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 149 

251 ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON, LL. D. 

Vice-President 1784-85; President 1785-92. 

Robert R. Livingston, son of Judge Robert Livingston and Mary Beekman, 
was born in New York City, November 27, 1746, and died at Clermont, N. Y., 
February 26, 1813. He graduated from King's (now Columbia) College in 1765 
and studied law with William Smith and his own kinsman William Livingston. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1773 and for a short time was associated in partner- 
ship with John Jay who had been his contemporary in college. Mr. Livingston 
met with great success in the practice of his profession and received from Gov- 
ernor William Tryon in 1773 the appointment of Recorder of the City of New 
York, but lost the office in 1775 owing to his active sympathy with the revolu- 
tionary spirit of the times. In 1775 he was elected to the Provincial Assembly 
of New York as representative from Dutchess County and was sent by that body 
as a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he was chosen one of a com- 
mittee of five to draft the Declaration of Independence. He was prevented from 
signing this document by his hasty return to the meeting of the Provincial Con- 
vention, taking his seat in that assembly on July 8, 1776, the day on which the 
title of "Province" was changed to that of "State'' of New York, and he was 
appointed on the committee to draw up a State Constitution. At the Kingston 
Convention in 1777 the Constitution was adopted and he was appointed first Chan- 
cellor of New York under its provision, which office he held imtil 1801. Chan- 
cellor Livingston continued a delegate to the Continental Congress until 1777, 
was again one of its members from 1779 to 1781 and throughout the entire Revo- 
lution was most active in behalf of the cause of independence. As Chancellor he 
administered the oath of office to Washington on his inauguration as first Presi- 
dent of the United States. He held the office of Secretary of Foreign Aflfairs 
from 1781 to 1783 and in 1788 was Chairman of the New York Convention to 
consider the United States Constitution, whose adoption he was largely instru- 
mental in procuring. The post of Minister to France was declined by him in 
1794 and he also refused the Secretaryship of the Navy under Thomas Jefiferson. 
In 1801, being obliged by constitutional provision to resign as Chancellor, he 
accepted the mission to France. He enjoyed the personal friendship of Napoleon 
who, on Livingston's departure in 1805, presented him with a splendid snuflf box 
containing a miniature likeness of himself painted by Isabey. He was successful 
in accomplishing the cession of Louisiana to the United States in 1803 and also 
began the negotiations tending towards a settlement for French spoliations on 
the commerce of the United States. He was principal founder of the American 
Academy of Fine Arts in New York in 1801 and its first president; for some 
time he was president of the New York Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts 
and trustee of the New York Society Library on its reorganization in 1788. In 
1792 the degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by the regents of the Uni- 
ver.sity of New York. He was called the "Cicero of America" by Benjamin 
Franklin and his statue has been placed in the Capitol at Washington. A de- 



150 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1773 

scription of his private character by one who knew him intimately is as follows : 
"In Mr. Livingston, to the proud character of integrity, honour and disinterested- 
ness, was added the mild, yet ennobling features of religion. An inquiring be- 
liever in its truth, an exemplar of its gentle eflfects on character, he daily sought 
its consolation, and strengthened his pious resolutions in the rich inheritance it 
promised. He was devoted to the Protestant Episcopal Church, from an enlight- 
ened preference of its doctrines and discipline. . . . His person was tall and com- 
manding and of patrician dignity — gentle and courteous in his manner — pure and 
upright in his morals. His benefactions to the poor were numerous and unos- 
tentatious. In his life, without reproach, victorious in death over its terrors." — 
Applet on; Morrison's History. 

[Appeared heretofore under date of 1784.] 



252 CAPTAIN DANIEL SHAW. 

The marriage of Captain Shaw in June, 1757, to Sarah Miller is the earliest 
reference to this member coming under our notice. In 1761 Capt. Shaw was 
master of the sloop Rebecca trading to New Providence ; in 1762 he was engaged 
transporting troops to Havana and for many years was master successively of 
several vessels trading to the West Indies. In 1773 he became a member of the 
Marine Society. In 1775 he was of the firm of Shaw & Long, whose store was 
located between Burling and Beekman Slips, and dealt in earthen and glassware, 
wines, spirits, cheese, &c. That same year, there being no dinner of the Saint 
Andrew's Society owing to the disturbed condition of the city, he presided on 
Saint Andrew's Day at the dinner held by the "Company of Caledonian Rangers" 
at which twenty-one toasts were drank of a character which left no doubt on 
which side the sympathies of the "Rangers" lay. In 1783 he was one of a num- 
ber appointed to collect funds for the Presbyterian congregation. In 1785 the 
partnership of Shaw & McKinnon "three doors from the Coffee House" was dis- 
solved by mutual consent, Neil McKinnon continuing the business at the same 
place while Daniel opened a grocery store at 19 Cliff Street in the rear of St. 
George's Chapel. He died August 28, 1788, in the 55th year of his age, "justly 
lamented." 



253 CAPTAIN ROBERT SINCLAIR. 

In 1759 Captain Sinclair kept a dry goods store opposite the Fly-Market and 
in 1763 became insolvent and went back to the sea. In 1765 he was master of the 
ship Hope and in 1767 of the snow Amelia, carrying freight and passengers to 
London, and at this time had a store on Crommelin's Wharf near the "Sign of 
the King of Prussia." In 1768 his store was in French Church Street, in 1770 
in Maiden Lane and then his business had become a wholesale one. In 1772 he 
was located on Hunter's Quay. He became a member of the Marine Society 



1773 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 151 

in 1771. He marrieil Janet Stevens and for a time seems to have lived in Albany. 
A son Robert was born to him June 8, 1769. He died in 1786. His widow 
married one Moncrieff. — Pros. Ch. Rec; N. V. Press: jrHls. 



254 ALEXANDER STEWART. 

Alexander Stewart was born in Scotland in the year 1715. He became a 
Freeman of the City of New York in 1742. Mr. Stewart for many years was a 
cooper and wine merchant, and in his later years senior partner of Stewart & 
Nicoll. For a time his place of business was in Broad Street, and at his death 
his wine cellar was in Bayard Street. He died April 9, 1776, in the 61st year of 
his age. The New York Mercury stated in its obituary of Mr. Stewart that "He 
passed thro' Life greatly beloved, and what is remarkable, without an Enemy. 
His reputation was irreproachable. He was steady in his Friendship, pious and 
remarkable for his humane Temper and extensive Charity to the Poor." His 
wife Susannah predeceased him on May 27, 1774. 



1774 



255 CAPTAIN WILLIAM BROWN. 

This member, in all probability, was the same person whose name appeared 
in the Honorary list of the St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia in the year 1774 
and he is there stated to have been a resident of Granada. The New York Mer- 
cury mentions Capt. Brown of the Granadas as being in Philadelphia in 1771. 
It is rather difficult to identify his ship, but it is believed to have been the brig 
Dolphin in 1767 and the brig Elkabeth in 1770. With the Dolphin he cleared 
from New York for Campbeltown, surely an unusual port of call, but probably 
the Captain's native place. 



256 JOHN GUMMING. 

John Gumming was a native of Scotland who in early youth went to London 
where he became apprenticed to his brother Alexander, a watchmaker, and after 
learning his trade became a partner in the business, and accumulated considerable 
money. Having aspirations for the life of a country gentleman he decided to 
come out to the Colony of New York, and, as land without tenants was undesirable, 
he conceived the idea of bringing tenants with him. In July, 1774, he landed 
in New York with 200 "dependents" and bought 10,000 acres of land in the Cats- 
kills in the neighbourhood of Coxsackie paying i600 for this large estate and 
spending £3,400 for improvements, building houses for himself and dependents 



1S2 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1774 

and clearing the land. He named his estate "Oswald Field." Before he was 
well settled the Revolution broke out and immediately his troubles began for he 
took the side of the Crown and had something worth taking away. In 1776 he 
says he was "harassed continually by Committees and Court Martials." He sent 
57 of his people, capable of bearing arms, to join the British and he undertook 
to care for their women and children. He went to New York and was there 
offered a Company in Allan McLean's regiment, probably by his fellow member, 
Alexander McDonald, who was at that time active in the work of recruiting. 
This offer Cumming declined on the ground that "he could not leave his wife 
and family in the hands of the enemy." On his return to "Katts Kill" in 1777 
he was arrested and taken to Esopus and was at first released on parole but later 
placed in Albany jail, from which place he carried on considerable correspondence, 
as may be seen in the Clinton Papers. Richard Varick, in a letter to Governor 
Clinton, says he was "a man of pretty considerable influence with the Enemy." 
After being in jail about three years he was imprisoned on a sloop in the river, 
from which he eventually escaped and lived in the woods during most of the win- 
ter. He managed to reach New York and in 1780 his case was considered by 
Governor Robertson from whom he received some kind of certificate. He re- 
mained in New York two years, his wife and five children joining him. His 
troubles, however, were not over for he embarked for England in the snow Ad- 
venture which sprang a leak and sank. He reached London eventually and at 
last feeling safe vowed never to return to America. On March 3, 1783, he ad- 
dressed a Memorial to the Commissioners claiming compensation for his losses. 
Their decision seems unique. They decided that he "was no friend to this country 
(Great Britain) in carrying out so many emigrants," but "as he had behaved 
well after he got there," they allowed him £60 per annum. Thereafter Cumming 
is no more heard of. — Loyalist Papers; Clinton Papers. 



257 CAPTAIN RICHARD DUNCAN. 

Captain Duncan was a native of Berwick-on-Tweed and was the son of John 
Duncan (member 1756). He came to America with his father in 1755. In 1758 
he was appointed Ensign and Quarter-Master in the 44th regiment, and when 
the end of the French and Indian war approached his father prevailed upon him 
to sell out. He then went into business with his father but business was not to 
his liking and proved irksome. In 1764 he purchased an Ensigncy in the 55th 
regiment and served three years with his regiment in Ireland. While there he 
received news of his father's failure in business and mortified, because unable to 
embrace opportunities of purchasing promotion, he applied for leave to return to 
America. On arrival he found affairs worse than represented so obtained leave 
to again sell out so that the money obtained might go to his father's use. In 
return his father conveyed to him 3,500 acres of land in the "Patent of Prince 
Town" and 2,000 acres in the "Patent" called Glens Purchase, both in the Prov- 



1774 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 1S3 

ince of New York, and gave him a general deed for both tracts subject to a 
mortgage of £3,000 New York currency. When the Revolution broke out he was 
living in Schenectady. In June, 1776, Captain Munro (member 1757) arrived 
at his father's house in company with Gen. Allan McLean (member 1756) both 
men in disguise and Duncan assisted them to escape to Canada accompanying them 
on their way as far as Sir John Johnson's seat. Shortly after Duncan received 
the appointment of Captain in Sir John Johnson's regiment known as the King's 
Regiment of New York, and familiarly called "The Royal Greens." He took 
part in the attack on the Mohawk River settlements in 1780 and is said to have 
commanded his company with great gallantry and success in the retreat when 
attacked by Gen. Van Rensselaer. He was with Burgoyne at Saratoga and later 
at Ticonderoga. He served with the regiment eight years until its reduction in 
1783, when he was retired on half-pay as Captain. He was never taxed with 
cruelty or severity by the settlers. On making representations to the Commis- 
sioners of Claims he was allowed £1,144 to compensate him for his losses. He 
was for a time a member of the Executive Council of Upper Canada, and resided 
at Wiliiamsburgh. He married March 4, 1807, Margaret Radcliff of Albany. 
After his father's death Captain Duncan resided for many years at Hermitage, 
an accomplished Christian gentlemen, of extremely urbane manners, and very 
much respected. He died February 1819. — Loyalist Papers; The Press. 



258 WILLIAM REID. 

William Reid was a cooper and farmer in East Chester, New York, where 
he was born. Nothing is known of him prior to the Revolution. He was an 
Ensign in the Westchester County regiment of militia just immediately before 
the breaking out of hostilities. His home became alternately the prey of each 
side. First his house and farm was seized by the Americans and on the approach 
of the British returned to him, but his hay, cider, rum and molasses were appro- 
priated and in 1777 the Americans seized his horses, oxen, hogs, rum, wheat, 
etc. By this time he seems to have had enough of this sort of treatment and 
joined the British at White Plains when the army reached there. For six months 
he acted as a Refugee Light Horseman in De Lancey's corps. Afterwards he 
resided in New York during the war. Here he acquired leasehold property 
which was rented out. At the close of the war he went to Cornwallis, Nova Sco- 
tia. In 1785 he presented a Memorial to the Claims office setting forth his losses 
and troubles. — Loyalist Papers. 



259 CAPTAIN WILLIAM RITCHIE. 

Captain Ritchie was a native of Paisley and adopted a seafaring life. Ac- 
cording to the custom of those days he was permitted by his owners to engage 
in trade. Prior to 1769 he had been in business "near Peck's Slip" with Thomas 



154 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1774 

Budd and thereafter, dissolving the partnership, continued the business on his 
own account. In 1772 he was again at sea in command of the sloop William 
trading to South Carolina. His will, made in Albany in 1776, was admitted to 
probate at Amenia, Dutchess County, August 2, 1781. In it he mentions his wife 
Elizabeth, his mother and three sisters in Scotland and his sister Margaret, wife 
of James Ronalds, member 1786. 



260 CAPTAIN JAMES SUTHERLAND. 

After an exhaustive search this member has not been identified. At first it 
was thought that he was identical with the member of 1768 but no evidence has 
appeared that Lord Duffus was in this country in 1774. There was no one of 
this name in the army in that year nor in the provincial troops. He may have 
been a ship captain, but if so the fact has not been noted. 



End of Part I. 



Part II 
POST- REVOLUTION PERIOD 

1784-1806 



Saint Andrews Society 



OF THE 



STATE OF NEW YORK 



1784 



261 ANDREW BROWN. 

In 1784 Andrew Brown was a member of the firm of Brebner & Brown, 
woolen and linen drapers at 14 William Street. In 1786 their "elegant dry goods 
ware-house" was advertised "to be let"' and in 1787 the firms of Brebner & 
Brown, New York, and James Brebner & Co., Kinderhook, dissolved partnersliip. 
Thereafter Brown engaged in business in Albany, New York, retaining his place 
of business in New York City up to his death. In 1791 he was junior warden of 
St. Andrew's Lodge No. 3 of Free Masons, and an Ensign in the New York Mil- 
itia. He married April 18th, 1801, Janet Somerville, of East Chester. On Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1802, there was formed in Albany the United Irish and Scotch 
Benevolent Society, and as it had been determined that its first President should 
be a Scotsman, Andrew Brown was chosen. The experiment of joining the two 
races in a charitable organization would not work, no quorum ever getting to- 
gether, and the Society was dissolved October 7th, 1803. Three days thereafter 
the Saint Andrew's Society of the City of Albany was organized and Brown 
became 2nd Vice-President. In 1804 he was elected 1st Vice-President and 
served until 1807. In March, 1806, he look as a partner one John Reid, the firm 
becoming Brown & Reid. Brown died in .-Xlbaiiy, February 16th, 1807, and the 
Society there attended his funeral in a body, and as a further mark of respect 
they resolved to wear crape for thirty days. 



262 ROBERT BRUCE. 

Manager 1786-87; 1791-92 

Robert Bruce was born in the royal burgh of Inverurie, in the Garioch, Aber- 
deenshire, and was the son of Bailie William Bruce of that town. He emigrated 
from Aberdeen about the year 1768 and came to Norfolk, Va., where he embarked 
in business. He came under the notice of the Earl of Dunmore, Governor of 
Virginia, who took a great interest in him, brought him to New York, and there 
Bruce established himself in the year 1780 as a cooper at 39 Murray's Wharf and 
also formed the copartnership of Bruce & Adams as grocers and wine merchants, 
locating opposite his cooperage. In 1783 the partnership was dissolved, Bruce 
advertising that he intended to depart for Britain for the benefit of his health, 
and, in another advertisement, oflfering for sale his house and lot and a family 
of negroes, "together or separate," giving as his reason that he was "going home." 
No evidence that he carried out his plans has been found. His attachment to 
the mother country never faltered and in consequence he experienced many vicis- 
situdes of fortune and much personal liardship and loss of property. Having been 
distinguished for his integrity, industry and fidelity to the cause to which he was 

159 



160 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

attached he was much respected by all with whom he had any intercourse. In 
1784 his brother Peter had come out to New York and the brothers engaged in 
the business of general groceries under the firm name of Robert and Peter Bruce 
at the same location on Murray's Wharf, which, in 1785, had become 3 Front 
vStreet, and there they remained until 1795. In December of that year five of 
their stores filled with goods were totally consumed by fire entailing a loss of 
$17,000 of which only $5,000 was covered by insurance. This was prob- 
ably pounds instead of dollars. In 1791 he was Captain of the 8th Company of 
the Second Regiment of New York Militia. In the course of the years their 
business had grown into a wholesale one and their transactions became of large 
extent. They owned several ships which traded to the West Indies and Nova 
Scotia. In 1794 Robert was a director of the Mutual Assurance Company. 
When Astor arrived from Germany he found that Robert Bruce was the richest 
man in the city. Mr Bruce married Mary Langley and had four sons and three 
daughters. It is said that an accident to one of his sons led to the laying of the 
first pavement in Wall Street. Mr. Bruce died in New York, November 28th, 
1796, and was buried in the family vault in the old Presbyterian Church yard in 
Wall Street. His widow survived him until May, 1814. — Old Merchants of New 
York; Aberdeen Journal; New York Press; etc. 



263 COLONEL JAMES CHRYSTIE. 

Colonel Chrystie was born near Edinburgh January 13, 1750, and was the 
eldest son of John and Janet (Clarkson) Chrystie. He and his brother emigrated 
to Philadelphia early in 1775. When the war broke out he took the American side 
and enlisted in the Pennsylvania Regiment commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Craig, and served in Arnold's expedition to Canada. He was appointed January 
5, 1776, First Lieutenant in the 2nd Pennsylvania Battalion and became Captain 
in the 3d Pennsylvania Battalion November 11, 1776, and was with Wayne at 
Ticonderoga and Stony Point. At the time of Arnold's plot Washington chose 
Chrystie for service in connection therewith, a service carried out to Washing- 
ton's satisfaction. Chrystie gained a high military reputation and at the close 
of the war was given the brevet rank of Major, receiving an honourable dis- 
charge in November 1783. He established himself in business in New York, 
opening a store for the sale of china, glass and earthenware at 17 Maiden Lane. 
At the inauguration of Washington in 1789 he was in command of the infantry. 
At that time he was a Lieutenant-Colonel of State Militia, and acting as Brigade 
Inspector of the Brigade of the City and County of New York. He took no ac- 
tive part in the affairs of this Society and at no time was he an officer. He 
married Mary, daughter of the Rev. John Albert Weygandt of the Lutheran 
Church of Germantown, N. J. It has been said that he accompanied Wayne in 
his expedition against the Indians in Ohio and that he was present at the Battle 
of Miami. That battle did not take place until about eighteen months after Col. 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 161 

Chrystie's death. It is very doubtful whether he went with Wayne at all as he 
was at that time in the grip of consumption. For a long time he suffered from 
that disease and passed away on Sunday, March 31, 1793. He was buried with 
military honours in the Scotch Presbyterian Church-yard. Letters of Adminis- 
tration were granted to his widow in July following. The business was carried 
on, first by the widow, and later by her sons, Thomas and James, and on the death 
of Thomas another son, Albert, became a member of the firm which then became 
known as Albert and James Chrystie. One of his sons, John, became Colonel of 
the 23rd Regiment, U. S. army, and died at Fort George, Canada, after the re- 
treat to that place in 1813. Chrystie Street is named after him. 

His grandson, William Few Chrystie, joined this Society in 1883 and his 
great-grandson, John Albert Chrystie, joined in 1880. 



264 WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM, M. D., R. N. 

Dr. Cunningham was surgeon of H. M. S. Windsor. He was elected to 
Honorary membership in the Marine Society. He died at his home in Cortlandt 
Street, New York, January 17th, 1789, his will being proved May 8th of that 
year. His brother-in-law, William Maxwell, and his nephew, George Turnbull, 
testified as to his handwriting, at the probate of the will. At the time of his 
death he was one of the oldest surgeons in the British navy. 



265 DAVID CURRIE. 

Treasurer 1784-1785 

David Currie was a brother of Archibald (member 1761) and probably came 
to New York at the instigation of Archibald but at what date has not been ascer- 
tained. He was here prior to the outbreak of the Revolution and followed his 
brother in his adherence to the American cause. We have seen that Archibald 
was a refugee and David seems to have made his headquarters at Fishkill. On 
May 9th, 1777, he was appointed by the Provincial Congress Commissary to pro- 
vide the Continental Troops with articles not allowed by the Commissary- 
General. The Committee of Safety voted him £3,000 June 3rd, 1777; the 
Legislature gave him £1,000. March 10-11, 1778, to use in New York and Penn- 
sylvania; £5,000. 30th June, 1778 and £6,000. 4th November, 1778. He received 
a total of £18,876. 2s. 7d. between 12th June, 1777, and 6th Augvist, 1779— the 
most of which was expended for port wine, brandy, rum, spirits, chocolate, pep- 
per, coflfee and tobacco. By resolution of the Legislature, 21st February, 1778, 
he was appointed Sutler for New York State. He also bought clothing in 
Boston and other places in Massachusetts for a period of two years, commencing 
9th May, 1777, and his compensation was twenty-four shillings per day. At the 
termination of the war he and Archibald returned to New York and again en- 



1 



162 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

gaged in the dry goods business under the firm name of Archibald & David 
Currie, and later in the year 1784 they took in as a partner, Isaac Sebring, their 
brother-in-law, the firm becoming Curries & Sebring. This arrangement did not 
remain in force for any length of time for in 1789 the old firm was doing business 
at 43 Great Dock Street and in 1793 at 10 Little Dock Street. David and Archi- 
bald joined in the petition to the Legislature on April 13th, 1784, asking it to 
grant a new Charter to the Chamber of Commerce. David married Margaret, 
daughter of Cornelius and Alethea Sebring, his brother Archibald, as we have 
seen, having married her sister, Catherine. For many of the last years of his 
life David was afflicted with disease, and shortly before his death he languished 
under much pain and distress. He died Thursday, July 10th, 1794, in his 45th 
year, and the Daily Advertiser has this kindly word to say of him, "when in 
health he was a cheerful companion, and in his deportment through life, modest 
and unassuming, upright in his intercourse with the world and in his friendship 
sincere." His widow, who survived him for the long period of forty-eight years, 
died at Fishkill, New York, on November 8th, 1842, in her ninety-third year. — 
Nczv York in the Rei'.; Mather; The Press. 



266 GEORGE DOUGLAS. 

Manager 1784. 

George Douglas was a son of John Douglas of Newton Douglas, now Castle 
Douglas, and Mary, daughter of James Heron of Penningham, Wigtownshire. 
In early life he went to London where his elder brothers, William, afterwards Sir 
William, and James had established themselves in business. On May 30, 1774, 
the parent house established a branch wholesale dry goods business in New York, 
William & James Douglas, which was looked after by James. In 1782 James 
returned to London or to his estate of Orchardton, and on leaving New York 
announced that the business would be carried on under the new firm of George 
& Samuel Douglas & Co., at 233 Queen Street. Samuel had come out in 1777 
and was in business on his own account until this arrangement was made. This 
new copartnership expired January 1, 1784. and was renewed for three years at 
the end of which time Samuel returned to London. From 1787 George con- 
ducted the business on his own account at 236 Queen Street. During the years 
1793 and 1794 he had a partner, the firm being Douglas & Roe. This firm did 
not confine itself to dry goods, selling such articles as corn, wheat, flour, tar, 
tobacco, wine, etc., probably on commission. In 1794 he was a director in the 
Mutual Assurance Co. During the years 1795, 6 and 7 he was again in business 
alone at 173 Pearl Street. On March 1, 1797, he formed another partnership 
with Nathaniel Lawrence as Douglas & Lawrence, which continued to do business 
at the same place. On December 23, 1784, Mr. Douglas married Peggy, other- 
wise Margaret, daughter of Captain Peter Corne, and by her had a large family. 
In January, 1799, he advertised for sale or exchange "that noted stand in Cort- 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 163 

landttown, near Peekskill, now in occupation by Benjamin Douglas, Jun., 
suitable for a stagehouse, tavern or store, for which it has been long in use." One 
wonders whether this house is still a house for man and motor. Mr. Douglas 
died of yellow fever at Kings Ferry, near Peekskill, October 9, 1799, and his end 
was very pathetic. While he was apparently convalescing from the fever 
a daughter had been seized with it and had been gradually succumbing. Op- 
pressed with grief and anxiety the father went to her bedside and seeing her near 
her end he suddenly withdrew, threw himself upon his own bed, and in less than 
an hour both father and daughter had passed away. His sons, George and 
William, became members of the Society in 1816 and 1819, respectively. — The 
Press. 



267 ROBERT DUNBAR. 

Robert Dunbar was a Scottish resident of Falmouth, Virginia, who received 
Honorary membership in the Society. In 1782 he was apparently a Refugee in 
New York at 37 Maiden Lane, and in 1784 he was still in New York. Prior to 
1794 he married Elizabeth Gregory, daughter of Francis Thornton and Anne 
Thompson, and granddaughter of Francis Thornton and Frances Gregory, the 
daughter of Roger Gregory and Mildred Washington. Mrs. Dunbar was also 
a grand-daughter of Lady Spottiswood. In 1806 Dunbar owned and offered 
to lease large works on the North bank of the Rappahannock within two miles of 
Fredericsburg and one mile of Falmouth. These were known as "Hunter's 
Works." There were several mills for manufacturing, lumbering and grinding, 
with forges, etc., and houses for millers, coopers, blacksmiths and other work- 
men. Nothing is known of this Robert Dunbar by the family in Morayshire, his 
name not appearing on the family tree. One of this name, Robert Dunbar, 
Senior, died at his seat near Washington, Mississippi, March 14th, 1826, in his 
78th year. — Old King William (County) Homes and Families; Capt. Dunbar^ 
of Pitgaveny. 



268 THOMAS DURIE. 

Thomas Durie, a native of Scotland, took the American side in the Revo- 
lution and was appointed by Washington Deputy Commissary of Prisoners. In 
this capacity he came into prominence on the surrender of Cornwallis. It was 
he who compiled the list of prisoners on that occasion and sent it to Washington, 
which is now among the Washington Correspondence in the Library of Con- 
gress. By his letters to Washington he can be traced from Yorktown to 
Philadelphia, New Windsor, Elizabethtown, Gloucester and Newburgh. After 
the peace he settled in New York, and the first mention of him that has been 
noted is his contribution of £5 tov/ards Saint Andrew's Hall in 1785. On May 
19th, 1786, he advertised from 5 Great Dock Street, that he had for sale dry 



164 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

goods, barley in kegs, soap and candles in boxes. In 1787 he had removed to 15 
Little Dock Street, and in 1789 to No. 30, in the same street, where he remained 
until 1794 when he removed to 71 Water Street between Coenties and Old Slips. 
He was a member of the Chamber of Commerce and served on its Arbitration 
Committee. He was also a member of the Belvidere Club. He died prior to 
July 10th, 1801, on which date letters of administration on his estate were granted 
to the public administrator. 



269 DAVID GALBREATH. 

David Galbreath was the son of Thomas Galbreath who in June, 1771, 
arrived from Scotland in the Friendship, and engaged in the haberdashery, 
millinery, hosiery and men's furnishings trade, but so far as our records show 
did not join the Society. On his departure for Scotland, in November, 1779, 
Thomas turned over the care of the business to his son, David. In November, 
1780, after winding up his father's business, David entered into partnership 
with one Thomson under the name of Galbreath & Thomson, at 219 Queen 
Street. This partnership was quickly dissolved and on April 1st, 1781, David 
sailed for Europe. The date of his return to New York has not been noted, 
but in 1784 the same firm was engaged in the dry goods business at 228 Queen 
Street, near the Fly Market, and notified the public that the copartnership 
had expired. On September 1st, 1784, David Galbreath & Co. were doing 
business at the same store. On October 12th, 1785, David married Cornelia, 
third daughter of John Stites, a New York merchant. He continued in business 
at the same stand until 1789 when the premises were advertised "To Let." 
On July 3rd, 1791, he, with his wife and family, sailed from New York for 
Bristol, on the ship Bristol, Captain Robert Adamson. In 1793 Galbreath was 
in partnership with one Thomas Elmes, as Galbreath & Elmes, at 30 Queen 
Street. This firm dissolved September 1st, 1802, and Alexander MacGregor 
was appointed to make a settlement with debtors and creditors. Thereafter 
nothing is known until April 10th, 1811, when David and his eldest son, 
Thomas, came to New York on the ship Hercules from Liverpool on their 
way to New Orleans, probably on business. While returning from New Orleans 
on the brig Cannon the son died, September 8th, 1811, in his 22nd year. The 
notice of death stated that David was then "of London." David died at 
Gibraltar, February 6th, 1812. — The Press. 



270 ADAM GILCHRIST, Senior 

It is not known when this member joined the Society but his name appeared 
in the pamphlet of 1784 among the Honorary members. He was a contributor 
to the fund raised for the proposed Saint Andrew's Hall. In 1756 he seems 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 165 

to have been the leading tailor of that day, and advertised in that year as 
'from London," and that he lived in Prince's Street, near Captain Richards'. 
In 1766 his business was "next door to the great White Corner-House in Dock 
Street, Opposite the Exchange." In 1772 he removed thence to Broad Street, 
next door to the General Post Office, and in that year was elected Assessor 
for the South Ward. When the war broke out he retired with his family to 
Smith's Clove, Orange County, New York, and remained there during the 
entire struggle. In 1784 he returned to New York and lived opposite the New 
Printing Office in Beaver Street while his business was in Princess Street, 
ind in the year in which he died his home was at the corner of Nassau and 
^nn Streets. He had then retired from business as he was designated "gentle- 
man" in the Letters of Administration granted to his son Robert on October 
?6, 1797. Mr. Gilchrist was a native of Scotland. He died at Westchester, New 
York, aged 77 years. 



27\ CAPTAIN ADAM GILCHRIST, Junior. 

Adam Gilchrist, Jr., eldest son of the preceding, was born in New York 
City, June 11, 1760. During the Revolution he took the American side and 
served in Captain Felter's Company of Colonel McClaughry's regiment of 
Ulster County militia. He was captured along with others and for over three 
years remained a prisoner on Long Island. He seems to have served for a 
few months as Ensign in the 5th Pennsylvania regiment. It is said also that 
he served as an officer under Col. William Washington. After the war he began 
business in New York and in 1784 was senior member of the firm of Adam 
Gilchrist & Co., at 2 Queen Street, where this firm dealt in a miscellaneous 
line of goods. During 1785-86 Gilchrist was Secretary of the New York 
Chamber of Commerce and Master of St. John's Lodge No. 1, F. & A. M. 
Probably not meeting with the success he desired he removed in 1786 
to Charleston, South Carolina, and engaged in business there, eventually build- 
ing up an extensive mercantile establishment which owned its own line of 
vessels plying directly between Liverpool and Charleston. He became director 
in the Charleston branch of the United States bank. Secretary of the Charleston 
Chamber of Commerce and one of its founders. He was also a member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati of that State, of which he was Assistant-Treasurer 
from 1798 and Treasurer from 1806 to 1813, and on the Records of that Society 
is designated Captain. He was also a member of several other organizations 
in the City of Charleston. Mr. Gilchrist was twice married, first in New York 
on June 10, 1784, to Hester Budd, youngest daughter of Dr. John Budd of 
Charleston, who died in Charleston, September, 1806, and second to Elizabeth 
Lamboll Thomas. Captain Gilchrist died in Charleston in the year 1816 and 
was buried in the Circular Church Yard there. — From a descendant ; Clinton 
Papers and the Press. 



166 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

272 THOMAS GILLESPIE. 

Thomas Gillespie was of the firm of Thomas & James Gillespie, which began 
business in 1781 at 21 William Street, dealing in dry goods and broadcloths. 
In 1795 the firm became Colin Gillespie & Co., carrying on business at 156 Pearl 
Street, corner of Wall Street. One of this name married Judith Breen, July 17, 
1784. She died at German Flatts July 19, 1817, and the notice stated that she was 
the wife of Thomas Gillespie and "formerly of this city." This Thomas of German 
Flatts may have been our member, it being quite common for New York mer- 
chants of that day to retire from business and settle on a farm or small estate, 
and this would account for his disappearance from New York. If so he had 
a son, Robert, a merchant in German Flatts, who married Maria Clute at 
Schenectady in 1818. — Old Merchants of Ncji' York; Presb. CIi. Records; the 
Press. 



273 JAMES GRANT. 

James Grant was in the grocery business for many years at 33 Roosevelt 
Street, and accumulated considerable property in that neighbourhood and land 
in Cherry Valley, Otsego County. In due course he retired from business and 
died July 9th, 1823, at his residence in Oak Street, aged 70 years. The follow- 
ing notice by Grant in the Daily Advertiser of May 6th, 1801, seems to be well 
worth preserving, giving, as it does, some indication of the character of the 
man : "Having been informed that one of the bawling patriots of '76 was heard 
m.aking his brags about the Free Negroes, in the fifth ward last Wednes- 
day ; that he had the pleasure of challenging me at the Poll, as an alien, and 
prevented me from voting, I take this method to inform such of the citizens 
as do not know that bawling Patriot, that he is a lying rascal ; and that I did 
vote at the fifth ward Poll, for Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Senator, and 
Assemblyman. I will inform you also that the drunken ruffian that insulted 
Gen. Hamilton, on Wednesday la.st, at the Poll in the fifth ward, was this 
Patriot's principal companion during the days of election. I have a due vene- 
'•ation for the real Patriots of '76 ; however, I must confess that I would not 
give a pair of old shoes for ten thousand such patriots as these." Stand Fast 
Craigellachie. — The Press. 



274 ALEXANDER HAMILTON. 

Alexander Hamilton, soldier, statesman, financier, was born in the Island 
of Nevis in the West Indies, January 11, 1757. His father, James Hamilton, a 
Scottish merchant of St. Christopher, was a younger son of Alexander Hamilton 
of Grange, Lanarkshire, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir R. Pollock. His mother 
was Rachael Faucette of French Huguenot descent, the divorced wife of John 
Michael Levine. Business misfortunes having caused his father's bankruptcy 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 167 

and his mother dying in 1768, young HamiUon was thrown upon the care of 
maternal relatives in St. Croix where, in his twelfth year, he entered the count- 
ing house of Nicholas Cruger. In 1772 some friends, impressed by a description 
by him of the terrible West Indian hurricane in that year, made it possible for 
him to come to America to complete his education. He arrived in Boston in 
October, 1772, a slender, under-sized but precocious lad, not then quite sixteen. 
After a few months at a grammar school in Elizabethtown, N. J., he presented 
himself at Princton and astonished the president by announcing his intention 
of going through tlie course as quickly as possible without regard to the regular 
classes. Princeton would not have him on these terms and he then applied to 
King's College (now Columbia), New York, and was accepted. When eighteen 
this lad was writing pamphlets and newspaper addresses that were credited to 
the most eminent men in the Revolutionary cause. At twenty he was Lieutenant- 
Colonel on the staff of Washington. At twenty-four he led the storming party 
that captured one of the redoubts at Yorktown. Most of those remarkable 
documents that came from the camp of Washington were from the brain of 
Hamilton. His real career, his greatness, his amazing genius and surpassing 
talent had no full scope however until after the war had closed. With the career 
of Hamilton this sketch does not pretend to deal in detail. His life work is 
embodied in the history of his adopted country. 

In 1780 he married Elizabeth, daughter of General Philip Schuyler, and 
thus became allied with one of the most distinguished families in New York. 
In the meantime he had begun his political efforts upon which his fame princi- 
pally rests. His letters to the newspapers, his service in Congress, his advocacy 
of the Constitution all led up to the greatest of his writings, The Federalist, which 
remains a classic commentary on American constitutional law and the principles 
of government. When the government was inaugurated Hamilton became 
Secretary of the Treasury. The success of his financial measures was immediate 
and remarkable. In 1795 Hamilton resigned and returned to the practice of law 
in New York, at 58 Wall Street, near the corner of Wall and Broad Streets. 

Few Americans have received higher tributes from foreign authorities. 
Talleyrand, impressed when in America with Hamilton's brilliant qualities, 
declared that he had the power of divining without reasoning and compareil 
him to Fox and Napoleon. Of the judgments rendered by his countrymen, 
Washington's confidence in his ability and integrity is perhaps the most signifi- 
cant. Chancellor Kent, and others less competent, paid remarkable testimony 
to his legal abilities. Chief Justice Marshall ranked him second to Washington 
alone. Madison said, "That he possessed intellectual powers of the first order 
and the moral qualities of integrity and honour in a captivating degree." The 
remarkable quality of his mind lay in the rare combination of acute analysis and 
grasp of detail with great comprehensiveness of thought. 

In person Hamilton was rather short and slender ; in carriage erect, dignified 
and graceful, deep-set, changeable, dark eyes vivified his mobile features and set 
off his light hair and fair ruddy complexion. The captivating charm of his man- 



168 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

ners and conversation is attested to by all who knew him, and in familiar life he 
was artlessly simple. 

The story of the quarrel forced by Aaron Burr upon Hamilton and its fatal 
consequences, which plunged a nation into mourning, is well known to every 
one. 

Hamilton's association with the Society and his activities therein are not 
now known to us. He held no office but he attended the Annual Festivals when 
possible, and the News prints of the day mention his occasional presence. 
It is on record that both he and Burr attended the banquet prior to his death 
and that Hamilton on invitation sang a song. On his death the members were 
ordered to attend his funeral. In 1806 the Society raised a monument to his 
memory on the spot where he fell, the ground being ceded by a fellow member, 
Captain James Deas, while the work was carried out by James Douglass and 
Thomas Fotheringhame, also members of the Society. The Rev. Timothy 
Alden in his Collection of American Epitaphs and Inscriptions, purports to give 
an excerpt from the Minutes of the Society relative to the character of the monu- 
ment and the inscription thereon. As will be seen the inscription given by him 
differs from what actually appears on the slab now preserved in the New York 
Historical Society. 

"On this spot fell 11 July, 1804, in the 48 year of his age, major-general 
Alexander Hamilton. 

"As an expression of their profound respect for his memory, and 
their unfeigned grief for his loss, the Saint Andrew's Society of the State 
of New York have erected this monument. 

"The Committee appointed to carry into effect the resolve of the Society 
for erecting a monument to the memory of the late major general Hamilton, 
beg leave to report : 

"That they have caused to be built, on the spot where their illustrious 
brother fell, a white marble monument, twelve feet in height, and of a pyra- 
midical form. The site commands a view of the City of New York and 
west side of the Island, and an extensive water prospect reaching from, in 
the North River, several miles above it, across the Bay, through the Narrows, 
to a point not far from the Light House, so that every inhabitant of the 
city, every one who sails up and down the Hudson, and every stranger who 
approaches our port, may see at once the memorial which the Society has 
erected to the irreparable loss of America. 

"The Committee, judging that it would not only be most agreeable to 
the wishes of the Society, but would best accord with the solemn recollec- 
tions called forth by the place, have made the inscription very short and 
simple, and is in the words at the head of this article. 

"On the front are inscribed the following verses, from the Roman poet." 
Incorrupta Fides, Undique Veritas, Quando Ullum 
Invenient Parem? Multis Ille Quidem Flebilis Occidit. 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 169 

No two quotations of the words from Horace agree. Ode 24 gives it as 
follows : 

Incorrupta Fides nudaque Veritas 
Quando ulluni invenient parem ? 
Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit 
Every authority however substitutes quidem for bonis as in Horace. This 
may be translated as follows : 

When shall unspotted faith and naked truth ever find his equal? He dies 
lamented by many. 

The actual inscription was as follows : 

On this Spot 

fell 

July 11, 1804 

Major General 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON. 

As an expression 

of their aiifectionate regard 

to his Memory 

and of their deep regret 

for his loss 

The Saint Andrew's Society 

of the state of New York 

have erected 

THIS MONUMENT. 

The Society has always looked upon Hamilton as its most distinguished 

member. — Ency. Brit.; the Press; et al. 



275 LIEUTENANT-COLONEL UDNEY HAY. 

During the war of the Revolution Lieut. -Col. Hay served with the Penn- 
sylvania troops. He received the appointments of Asst. -Deputy Quarter-Master- 
General, July 30, 1776: Brevet Lieut. -Col. and Asst. -Deputy Quarter-Master- 
General, January 9, 1777, and was discharged May 29, 1778. He served sub- 
sequently in the same positions until the close of the war. He was wounded 
in the attack on Stony Point under Anthony Wayne. After the war he was 
located for a time in Poughkeepsie, occupying the Glebe house of Christ 
Church there from November 20, 1783, to April 20, 1784. He subscribed 
towards a salary for the incumbent of Christ Church with the proviso "until the 
Presbyterian Pulpit is ii'ell filled." He also subscribed for a pew in 1785. In 
1801 Mrs. Sarah Play and Maria Hay were adherents of this church, but whether 
related to Col. Hay is not known. He was appointed New York State Agent 
for the Canadian Refugees and in the Nezv York Packet of July 8, 1786, 
he advertised his appointment and informed them that a ship would take those 



170 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

who intended to settle on the lands around Lake Champlain provided by Con- 
gress, and that the ship would touch at West Point and Fishkill Landing, and 
on arrival at Albany transportation to their destination would be provided. In 
March, 1783, a fire, which consumed his dwelling house, destroyed his papers, 
and on November 21, 1788, Peter T. Curtenius, State Auditor, published the 
above fact and stated that he had "the utmost confidence in him." A committee 
of three, which had been appointed to investigate, also testified in his favour, 
praising his "candour and uprightness, integrity, activity and assiduity." In 
1790 an Act was passed for his relief. He is next heard from in Burlington, 
Vermont, where on July 4, 1796, he delivered the Fourth of July oration. For 
a time he lived in Underbill, Vermont, acquired large tracts of land there and 
represented that town in the State legislature from 1798 to 1804. Col. Hay at 
the time of his death was a member of the Council of Censors. He died at 
Ijurlington, Vermont, on September 6th, 1806. He left no estate. — So. Cinn.; 
N. Y. Press and Burlington Sentinel. 

[Name appears on Records as Sidney Hay.] 



276 HUGH HENDERSON. 

In 1783 Hugh Henderson was a dry goods merchant at 24 Queen Street 
and in 1785 contributed £10 towards Saint Andrew's Hall. In 1788 he was 
compelled to make an assignment. In 1790 he was located at 7 William Street. 
From that date he has not been traced. In the Scotch Church Records it is 
stated that he had married Hannah Sheaff, and that in 1784 and again in 1787 a 
daughter had been born to them. His name did not appear in the list of mem- 
bers of the Society published in 1796. It is significant that in 1794, when all 
subscriptions to the Hall were returned, Henderson's was not, showing that 
even at that date all trace of him had been lost, and the money was never claimed. 



277 ROBERT HODGE. 

Robert Hodge was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1746, and learned his 
trade there. At the expiration of his apprenticeship he went to London, and 
after working there two years as a journeyman printer, came in 1770 to Phila- 
delphia, where he found employment in the printing office of John Dunlap. Two 
years later he formed a partnership with Frederick Shober. They established 
themselves in Baltimore "where they intended to have published a newspaper," 
but not meeting with sufficient encouragement they removed to New York toward 
the close of the same year. The partnership was dissolved early in 1775, Hodge 
selling his interest in the business to Shober, and engaging in bookselling. On 
the approach of the British Hodge fled to the country, abandoning a large part 
of his stock which was subsequently destroyed by the British. After residing 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 171 

in New York State for a year or two he went to Boston, "and there, in connec- 
tion with others, opened a printing house." After the war he returned to New 
Vork and resumed business as a bookseller. About 1788, he, with Samuel 
Campbell and Thomas Allen, added a printing office to the bookstore. Each of 
the members of the firm maintained a separate place of business in his individual 
name, their publications being advertised for "sale at their several bookstores." 
Among the books issued by them was The Nctu York Directory for 1789, the 
third attempt at such a publication. Allen withdrew from the firm before 1792 
when Hodge and Campbell issued an edition of the Bible. About this time the 
building used by the firm, which was also Hodge's dwelling, was destroyed by 
fire entailing heavy loss. Soon afterward Hodge and Campbell separated. 
The former continued the business of a bookseller for several years but about 
1800 disposed of his stock and purchased an estate in Brooklyn, where he resided 
imtil about 1810. In an advertisement in the Gazette of June 22nd, 1810, he 
describes this property as his "handsome and commodious Country Seat, situ- 
ated on the high ground of Brooklyn, on Sand Street which leads to the new 
Bridge, Newtown, Flushing, &c., only a short distance East of the Episcopal 
Church." He then returned to New York and lived at No. 3 Beaver Street until 
his death. He died on the 23rd of August, 1813, leaving considerable property 
to charity, to a sister and to numerous nephews and nieces. — Hildeburn's Printer.'; 
and Printing in New York; the Press. 



278 NEIL JAMIESON. 

Neil Jamieson was a native of Scotland and was probably born in Glasgow 
or its neighbourhood. He came to America in 1760 as factor and agent of the 
house of Glassford, Gordon, Monteith & Co., of Glasgow, of which he was a 
partner. He located in Norfolk, Va., and remained there until the Revolution 
broke out. When Lord Dunmore took refuge on a ship in the James river 
Jamieson remained on shore, and his house was one of the first searched by the 
American forces when they took possession of Norfolk. By that time he had 
fled to a small ship of his own and remained many months under the protection 
of the fleet. Owing to his great influence he was enabled to be the principal 
means of providing for the fleet and the distressd Loyalists, sending to Antigua 
for provisions. Through his credit Lord Dunmore was able to draw upon the 
Government for i;30,000 for vi'hich Jamieson received one half of one per cent 
on the transaction. He was frequently approached by the Americans and tempted 
with flattering ofifers in order to draw him away from the British side, but his 
loyalty was not for sale. His valuable property was all seized, burnt and de- 
stroyed, or confiscated and sold. A distillery, worth £9,000, was burnt and 
destroyed on his refusal to join the Americans. He came north with Lord 
Dunmore in 1776 and went to England. In 1777 the Lords of the Treasury 
ordered payment of £200 to be made him, describing him as a zealous friend and 



172 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

supporter of the government, and recommended that employment or assistance 
be given him by way of temporary relief until his affairs could be adjusted. He 
returned to New York and remained there until April, 1786. While there he 
engaged in business on his own account and entered largely into privateering. 
After the evacuation in 1783 he endeavoured to get leave from Virginia, where he 
was proscribed, to return there to collect debts. He joined the New York Chamber 
of Commerce, July 6, 1779. In 1777 he was located at 933 Water Street 
and in 1786 at 5 Hanover Square. He again returned to London and made an 
appeal for compensation for his losses and was allowed £3.905. Mr. Jamieson 
married Pembroke, daughter of Colonel and Sheriff John Thoroughgood and 
Margaret Lawson his wife, by whom he had a son, Neil, who studied at Glasgow 
University and, it is presumed, a daughter, Margaret. One Margaret Jamieson 
(b. Virginia, May 16, 1764) married James Macdowall of Glasgow, a cadet 
of the family of Garthland, on August 29, 1782, and became the mother of three 
daughters, all of whom married Scottish law lords. The third daughter, Isabella 
Graham, married m 181S Thomas Maitland, Lord Dundrennan. If this Margaret 
Jamieson were Neil Jamieson's daughter, of which there is little doubt, then 
Jamieson was a progenitor of the Maitlands who claim descent from Lord 
Dundrennan, a number of whom were members of this Society. Mr. Jamieson 
died in London, June 30, 1798, in his 70th year. — Loyalist Papers; Hist. MSS. 
Com.; Va. Hist. Mag.; et al. 



279 SAMUEL KERR. 

Little has been gathered concerning Kerr other than that he was a Loyalist 
refugee from Virginia who came to New York, probably with Dunmore in 1776. 
In 1781 he was located at 216 Queen Street and in the first City directory of 

1786 his name appeared as "Carre & " (should be Blackburn), merchants, 

215 Queen Street. In 1784-5 he was Deputy Grand Master, F. & A. M. He 
had married Ann Corbett and on June 24th, 1786, their daughter, Agnes Ann, 
married William Wilson, a merchant of New York and a fellow member of the 
Society. The firm remained as Kerr and Blackburn, in the wine business and 
Jamaica trade, until March 30, 1798, when it was dissolved. He made an appeal 
for compensation for his losses in the Revolution but it has not been ascertained 
that the British Government granted him any redress. He returned to Norfolk 
and became a director of the Norfolk Bank. He had a son, George Brown Kerr, 
born September 28th, 1787, who may have survived him. He died in Norfolk, 
Va., October 26th, 1801, "an old and respectable merchant." 



280 THOMAS LAWRANCE. 

In 1783 Thomas Lawrance was associated with one Alexander Morison of 
New Jersey, the firm being Morison & Lawrance, and this connection was dis- 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 173 

solved June 4th of that year. He then did business on his own account at 61 
Cherry Street, but seems to have been unsuccessful, for in 1788, as an "insolvent 
debtor," he applied to the court for discharge. He died in New York, June 12, 
1804, in his 52nd year, and was buried in St. Paul's Chapel yard. 



281 ROBERT LENOX. 

Secretary 1785-91; 2nd Vice-Pres. 1792-94; 1st Vice-Pres. 1796-97; 

President 1798-1814. 

Robert Lenox was the son of James Lenox, of the Parish of Kirkcudbright, 
and grandson of William Lenox, of Rlilnhouse in the same parish. His mother 
was Elizabeth, daughter of David Sproat, all of the Parish of Kirkcudbright. 
He was born in the town of Kirkcudbright, December 31, 1759, and died in New 
York City, December 13, 1839. His parents were in somewhat straitened cir- 
cumstances and unable to support their large family and consequently Robert 
Lenox, with his brothers, David and William, came to America just prior to 
the Revolution, being sent out to join their uncle, David Sproat, a merchant in 
Philadelphia, who had come to this country in 1760. After his arrival Robert 
was sent to school for a short time at Burlington, New Jersey, and then joined 
his uncle who had moved to New York. He appears to have remained with his 
uncle, who was then acting as Commissary-General of Naval prisoners in North 
.America, and was employed as clerk, acting at times as "director of Flags of 
Truce." During the war he made various trips between New York, the West 
Indies, Charleston and elsewhere to conserve his uncle's business interests, 
and was at one time taken prisoner by a French man-of-war but soon released 
at the request of his brother. Major David Lenox, who had taken up arms on 
the American side. Upon the evacuation of New York by the British in 1783 
he went to Scotland with his uncle, Mr. Sproat, to assist him in settling his 
accounts with the British Government. He returned to this country in the follow- 
ing September and then took up his permanent residence in New York City. 
Previous to his departure he had married a daughter of Nicholas Carmer, a 
merchant of this City, who was later a vestryman of Trinity Church and one of 
the Commissioners for rebuilding that church in 1788. Robert was subsequently 
joined by his youngest brother, James, who came out from Scotland, and they 
established the great commercial house of Jas. Lenox & Wm. Maitland in 1796. 
James Lenox retired from the firm in 1818 and returned to Scotland, where he 
died in 1839 ; the firm becoming successively Kennedy & Maitland ; Maitland, 
Phelps & Co., and later Maitland. Coppell & Co. Robert Lenox soon became 
one of the greatest merchants of the day, trading extensively abroad, in the West 
Indies and throughout this country. His business transactions for many years 
surpassed in importance and extent those of any other merchant in this City at 
that period and he rapidly amassed a large fortune. He was a man of great 
strength of character and unswerving integrity. Through a fortunate invest- 



174 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

ment in land, bounded by Fourth and Fifth Avenues and Sixty-eighth and 
Seventy-fourth Streets, which became known as the "Lenox Farm," and which 
he held tenaciously and impressed upon his son, James Lenox, the wisdom of 
holding, the family became very wealthy. The History of the Chamber of 
Commerce states of Robert Lenox : "He was one of the most extensive as well 
as successful merchants in the United States," and at his death, "an eminent 
merchant who for a period beyond the ordinary course of human life had been 
distinguished for great prudence, a clear and sound judgment and unblemished 
reputation." Mr. Lenox held numerous positions of trust and importance during 
his lifetime. He was Alderman of this City, 1795-97, and 1800-02; one of the 
founders of the Lying-in Hospital, incorporated in 1799, and its President, 
1829-35; a member of the Chamber of Commerce; Vice-President, 1819-26; 
and President from 1826 until his death in 1839; a Trustee and Chair- 
man of the Board of Managers of the Sailors' Snug Harbor; a Trustee 
of Princeton College; an elder of the First Presbyterian Church for over 
thirty years, and director in many other institutions and corporations. 
In politics he was a Federalist, a strong believer in free trade and one of the 
delegates to the celebrated free-trade convention held at Philadelphia in the 
autumn of 1820. In January, 1824, he was appointed Chairman of the Committee 
of Correspondence organized to oppose the threatened increase of the tariff. — 
Morrison's Hist.; ct al. 



282 HENRY BROCKHOLST LIVINGSTON 

Manager 1788-89. 

Brockholst Livingston, Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, was 
born in New York City, November 26, 1757. He was the son of William Liv- 
ingston, Governor of New Jersey. After due preparation he entered Princeton 
College whence he graduated in 1774, and two years later was appointed Captain 
in the American Army, and soon after was promoted to be Major and attached 
to the staff of General Philip Schuyler. He was present at the siege of Ticon- 
deroga, and in October, 1777, took part in the attack by Benedict Arnold on 
Burgoyne's army at Saratoga. He was promoted to be Lieutenant-Colonel. 
When John Jay, his brother-in-law, was sent as Minister to Spain in 1779 
Livingston went with him as his private secretary. He returned in 1782 and 
on his way was captured by a British man-of-war, taken to New York 
and imprisoned, but was soon after set free. Livingston then went to Albany 
and became a student in the law office of Peter Yates, where he remained about 
a year, when he was admitted to practice at the bar. In 1802 Livingston married 
at West-Chester, N. Y., on September 6, Ann N., daughter of Gabriel H. Ludlow. 
That same year he was appointed Judge of the State Supreme Court, in which 
position he remained until 1807, when he was appointed an Associate Justice 
of the U. S. Supreme Court, to succeed William Paterson. He continued to 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 175 

retain this position till his death. He was a trustee of the New York Society 
Library, and a Vice-President of the New York Historical Society. He received 
from Harvard in 1818 the degree of LL.D. Mr. Frederick R. Coudert in the 
preface to Volume H of The Bench and Bar of Nezv York, tells the following 
story: "It seems that Mr. Livingston was a bit of a wag — this was of course 
1,'efore he was placed on the bench — and amused himself on a certain occasion 
in writing an account of a political meeting, which had been attended by some 
of his political adversaries. These he sought in turn to ridicule. His raillery 
seems to us at this day quite harmless. He spoke of a Mr. Fish as a stripling 
about forty-eight years old, and of Mr. Jones as 'Master Jimmy Jones, another 
stripling about sixty.' Why Messrs. Jones and Fish should have resented so mild 
a form of pleasantry does not appear, but they did feel deeply whatever sting 
there may have been in these mysterious imputations. They demanded an ex- 
planation of Mr. Livingston while he was walking on the Battery with his wife 
and children. The explanation does not appear to have suited Mr. Jones who 
proceeded to chastise Mr. Livingston with a cane, whereupon Mr. Livingston 
became, in his turn, dissatisfied and gave evidence thereof by challenging and 
killing Mr. Jones, after which performance he felt at liberty to resume his 
promenade, en faniille, on the Battery, which he did without further molestation. 
Mr. Jones having been removed in this summary and orthodox fashion there 
was nothing to prevent Mr. Livingston from reaching high political preference. 
He accordingly became shortly after a Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States." He died in Washington, March 19, 1823. — Nat. Cyclo. of Am. 
Biog., Vol. II; Mr. Frederick R. Coudert. 



283 TRISTRAM LOWTHER. 

Tristram Lowther was the son of William Lowther (member 1771) and 
Barbara Gregory and was probably born in Edenton, North Carolina. He 
entered King's College, New York, in 1774, but owing to the Revolution did not 
complete his course. In 1784, when he joined the Society, his father was engaged 
in business in New York, and Tristram may have assisted him or may have been 
prosecuting his study of the law. In 1788 Mr. Lowther was engaged in the 
practice of law in Edenton where his father had business interests. He has 
not been traced further. 



284. PETER McDOUGALL. 

Peter McDougall was probably a native of Inverary, Scotland, or of that 
vicinity. In 1795 he advertised the loss of his watch, and stated that the maker 
wa3 John Ross of Inverary. In 1782 he was located at Water Street where he 
dealt in dry goods, shoes, &c. In 1784 he was doing business at 12 Queen Street. 
In 1785 the partnership of Peter McDougall & Co. was dissolved and he con- 
tinued the business on his own account. On April 7th, 1791, he married Helen, 



176 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

daughter of Alexander Robertson, our Treasurer, and in 1794 he entered into 
partnership with his father-in-law, the firm name becoming Alexander Robertson 
and Peter McDougall, and their place of business 191 Pearl Street. He took 
an interest in Masonrv- and was elected, June 5, 1793, a Deputy Grand Master 
in New York City. He was an enthusiastic fireman, and in 1798 was Vice-' 
President of the Hand in Hand Fire Company. He was a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and served on its monthly Committee to hear and adjust 
grievances. He always wrote his name V'Dougall (contraction of MhicDougall) 
and was probably a Gaelic speaking Highlander. He died of yellow fever, 
September 19th, 1798, and the newspaper comment was "Thus String after 
String is severed from the Heart." 



285 CAPTAIN JAMES McINTOSH. 

Captain Mcintosh was the son of William Roy Mcintosh of Dell of Mori! 
in Strathdearn, and Marjory, sister of John Mcintosh of Aberarder, Provost 
of Inverness. According to his own statement, made in 1810, Mcintosh came 
to New York in 1776. That Captain Mcintosh ever went to sea is not known 
but that he owned ships in the coasting trade is assured. The editor of the New 
York Journal, commenting on a fiery letter which Mcintosh had written relative 
to the "piratical plunder committed (by the French) on our commerce in the 
West Indies," styled him Captain Mcintosh. In 1783 he was of the firm of 
James Mcintosh & Co., which on August 31st of that year dissolved partnership. 
In 1786 he was a grocer and ship chandler at the corner of Jacob and Ferry 
Streets. In 1794 he had located at 14 Beekman Slip and had become a man of 
substance. His cousin, James IMcIntosh, son of Provost John, writing from 
Savannah in 1792 says. "I got the length of New York. My cousin James be- 
haved like a brother. He sent me to this place, gave me the management of ten 
thousand pounds sterling in liquors and groceries and allows me half the profits 
for managing the business." Fraser-Mackintosh states that Capt. Mcintosh re- 
turned to Scotland and made an unsuccessful attempt to establish a family in 
Stratherrick. However that may be, he returned to New York, became a bank- 
rupt in 1801, a produce and commission broker in 1802 and an inspector of cotton 
in 1806, and no better judge of cotton in the country, "for he himself hath said 
it." He died there November 4th, 1811. in liis fifty-se\'enth year. His widow, 
Margaret, died July 17, 1815, in her 44th year. — A. M. Mackintosh, Historian 
of Clan Cliatlan; Letters of Tzi'o Centuries: The Press. 



I 



286 JAMES HOMER MAXWELL. 

Manager 1793-94; 2nd Vice-President 1794-97. 

James H. Maxwell, son of William Maxwell (member 1770), was born in the 
year 1756, probably in Bristol, England. From 1784 to 1794 he was located at 21 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY l77 

Beaver Street and at the latter date was of the firm of Coulthard, Brooks & Max- 
well, which dissolved on June 5th, of that year. From 1795 to 1803 we find him at 
So. 1 John Street. From 1805 to 1815 he resided in Greenwich Street at Numbers 
36, 78, and 302 respectively, and from 1817 to 1828 at 325 Washington Street, 
[n 1786 he was a trustee of the Newark Academy. He married May 22nd, 
1787, Kitty Van Zandt, daughter of Jacobus Van Zandt, and at the date of his 
narriage was designated as of "j\lill Hall in the Jersies." His marriage seems 
o have been the most notable event of his career as such references as have been 
"ound invariably descant upon the fact that his wife had been Librarian for the 
)fficers at Valley Forge, that she had danced the minuet with Washington at his 
jiauguration Ball and that both she and her husband had been friends of Wash- 
ngton. Their daughter Maria married. May 24, 1810, in St. John's Church, 
Richard M. WoodhuU. Mr. Maxwell died August 11th, 1827, in his 71st year 
md his widow, Catharine, then residing at 271 Washington Street, died Sep- 
ember 24, 1830, in her 71st year. 



!87 WILLIAM MAXWELL, Junior. 

Mr. Maxwell was the son of William Maxwell (member 1770). Little or 
lothing is known of this member of the family except that he was in the grocery 
)usiness at 15 Water Street and also a distiller at 225 Greenwich Street. He 
vas one of the executors of his father's estate and died of yellow fever August 
il, 1799, and intestate, his widow Esther being granted Letters of Administra- 
ion on November 7, 1799. 



188 ANDREW MITCHELL. 

Manager 1789-91 ; 1802-03. 

In 1777 Andrew Mitchell was located at 228 Queen Street, corner of King 
street, opposite the Fly Market, and engaged in the wine trade and fine groceries, 
n July, 1781, he married Margaret Stites, daughter of John Stites, a merchant 
if New York, and probably of the Long Island family of that name. So far 
LS known, two sons were born to them, Andrew, May 16th, 1785, and John, 
anuary 12th, 1787, who in later life added the initial "S" to his name, probably 
lis mother's name. The lady's sister had married David Galbreath. In Loudon's 
^ackct of November 24, 1783, there appeared an announcement of Mitchell's 
mention to depart for Britain "in a few days" and offering to rent his house and 
hop at 224 Queen Street "until the following May." On September 1, 1799, a 
ract of land in Harpersfield, Otsego County, which they had mortgaged to 
iay Stevenson (member 1784) was advertised for sale but the transaction 
lad somewhat the look of a friendly action and may have been done to clear 
he title. On October 15, 1800, there appeared notice of the dissolution of 



178 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

the firm of Mitchell & Pierson, and the continuance of the business by Mitchell. 
In 1804 Mitchell was located at 177 Pearl Street, which may be the same premises, 
the name of Queen Street having been changed to Pearl Street, where he re- 
mained until 1812, when he seems to have retired from business. In 1805 he 
was associated with Walter Mitchell (member 1799), and they were designated 
"shippers." In 1807 he became a member of the Dumfries and Galloway So- 
ciety. Mr. Mitchell died May 28, 1836, aged eighty-four years. 



289 DAVID MITCHELSON. 

David Mitchelson was probably the son or brother of Lieut. Walter Mitchel- 
son who joined the Society in 1762. He may also have been the one of that 
name, located in Boston, who in 1774 was an Addresser of Governor Hutchinson, 
and a Protestor against the Whigs the same year and in 1776 accompanied the 
British army to Plalifax. In that case he came to New York on its occupation 
by the British and in 1777 was located at 9 Fly Market where he dealt in a general 
assortment of crockery, wine glasses, tumblers, shoes, knives and forks, tea, 
coffee, raisins and garden seeds. In the following year he is designated as a grocer 
and seems to have been in good circumstances. In 1783 one of his customers was 
Sir Guy Carleton. In 1787 he became Agent in New York for John Baine & 
Grandson, type founders of Glasgow, who eventually came to America and 
founded in Philadelphia the first type foundry in this country. In 1790 his place 
of business at 39 Water Street, corner of the Fly Market was "To Let," showing 
that he had given up business and in 1799 he was living in retirement at 93 
Bowery Lane. Mitchelson returned to his native country and died at Fife Place, 
somewhere in Scotland, on the 27th of October, 1802. 



J 

I 



290 JACOB MORRIS. 

Jacob Morris, son of Lewis Morris, one of tlie Signers of the Declaration 
of Independence, was born at Morrisania, December 28, 1755. He was educated 
for a mercantile career but on the outbreak of the war offered his services to 
Congress and was appointed aide-de-camp to Gen. Charles Lee. He fought in 
the battle of Long Island, at Fort Moultrie, the second battle of Trenton, at 
Princeton and at Monmouth. He was also attached to the staf? of Gen. Nathaniel 
Greene. On the declaration of peace he returned to New York and subsequently 
was elected to both the Assembly and the Senate of the State. In 1787 he 
removed to Butternuts, Otsego Co., N. Y., where he died January 10, 1844. One 
of his sons Mr. W. A. P. Morris, a lawyer of Madison, Wis., was still living on 
December 13, 1913, according to a letter which recently appeared in the New 
York Evening Post. 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 179 

291 HENRY MOVES, LL.D. 

Dr. Moyes, the blind lecturer on Experimental Chemistry, was born in 
the "lang toon o' Kirkcaldy," in 1750. He lost his sight, by the smallpox, 
before he was three years old. The only thing which he remembered seeing 
was a water mill in inotion, and it was a puzzle to him, in his childhood, 
how the water flowed in one direction, while the wheel turned round in the 
opposite. His talent for mechanics was early chosen. Though blind he was 
very fond of using edged tools, and he amused himself by making little wind- 
mills and even constructed a loom with his own hands. He enjoyed the ad- 
vantage of a good education, and commenced his public career by lecturing 
on music at Edinburgh, but, not succeeding as he expected, he gave his whole 
attention to Natural and Experimental Philosophy. For many years he sup- 
ported himself by lecturing on Chemistry, Astronomy, Optics and other 
branches of the Newtonian Philosophy. He was peculiarly happy in his lec- 
tures on Chemistry and astonished his hearers by performing all his experi- 
ments himself. He left Scotland in 1779, and traveled through the principal 
towns of England where he was well received as a lecturer; he then visited 
America, landing in Boston from the ship United States, Captain James Scott, 
on May 25th, 1784. The following paragraph respecting him appeared in one 
of the American newspapers of the day : "The celebrated Dr. Moyes, though 
blind, delivered a lecture on Optics, delineated the properties of light and 
shade, and gave an astonishing illustration of the power of touch. A highly 
polished plate of steel was presented to him, with the stroke of an etching tool 
so minutely engraved on it that it was invisible to the naked eye, and only 
discoverable with a powerful magnifying glass. With his fingers he discovered 
the extent, and measured the length of the line." While in America he went 
from city to city lecturing, and Columbia, Harvard and other colleges gave 
him degrees and professorships, while the ladies everywhere made much of 
him, one New York lady writing the following sonnet which' appeared in 
the New York Packet of December 9th, 1784. 

DOCTOR MOYES. 

What tho' for thee no splendid sun appear. 

And varying seasons deck in vain the year; 

Nor hitmon form e'er caught thy wond'ring gaze 

Which speaks in accents loud, its Maker's praise? 

Depnv'd of Light's all animating ray! 

Yoii still enjoy unclouded mental day: 

For thy "mind's eyes" extensive view 

Surveys all nature's System thro; 

And the Great source of all her laws, 

The sole, divine, creative cause. 

(Signed) A Female attendant at the Lectures. 



180 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

He sailed from Charleston, South Carolina, on the ship Am-clia for Lon- 
don in June, 1786. On his return from America he took a house in Edinburgh, 
where he resided for some time, beloved and admired by all who knew him. 
In 1790 he gave lectures in the principal towns of Ireland, and finally settled 
in Manchester. Dr. Bew, the friend of Moyes, says, "that when he was 
introduced into company he was sometimes silent. The sound directed him 
to judge of the dimensions of the room, and the different voices of the num- 
ber of persons who were present. His distinctions in these respects were very 
accurate, and his memory so retentive that he was seldom mistaken. I have 
known him instantly to recognize a person on hearing him speak though more 
than two years had elapsed since the time of their last meeting. He determined 
very nearly the stature of those w-ith whom he was speaking by the direction 
of their voices." He contrived for himself a system of palpable arithmetic which 
possessed the advantage of neatness and simplicity. He was entirely unacquainted 
with the use of ardent spirits, or fermented liquors. He had a natural dislike 
to animal food of every description; his meals were plain and simple. He was 
very partial to a seaweed known by the name of dulse ; this he would boil, and 
dress up with a little butter, which with a crust of bread, and a draught of spring 
water, was the only luxury in which he indulged. He was remarkable for cheer- 
fulness of temper, for brilliancy of conversation, and for the power with which 
he infused his own enthusiasm into his students. He taught in an academy in 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, and many men, who afterwards attained eminence, enjoyed 
the instructions of Dr. Moyes, who was altogether a most remarkable man. He 
visited Pittenweem in 1805-6 and walked about there leaning on the arm of his 
young reader. Dr. Moyes was proprietor of the estate of Lumbanny, near Falk- 
land, and died at Manchester in 1807. He never married and his estate went to 
a collateral heir. — FiHana and the Press. 



292 CAPTAIN DANIEL NIVEN. 

Captain Niven was born in Islay, Argyleshire, in the year 1742, and was the 
son of Duncan Niven. He came to New York about 1765. On the death of his 
first wife in 1784 he took as his second wife Jane Wallace, and had a numerous 
family of cliildren. During the war he removed his family to a farm near New 
Windsor, New York, on which there was a flour mill. Early in the war of the 
Revolution he volunteered his services and was actively engaged in various duties 
in and about the City of New York and in New Jersey. Becoming acquainted 
with Washington he received a commission as Lieutenant of Engineers in the 
Continental army and was much employed at West Point and other places along 
the river. He was instrumental with others in drawing the plan of Fort Putnam ; 
lie superintended the laying of the great chain across the Hudson River and was 
at West Point at the time of Arnold's treason. After the war he became an archi- 
tect and builder in New York, and later, on his retiral to Newburgh, the Governor 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 181 

appointed him a magistrate or Justice of the Peace, and he became also a Judge 
of the Common Pleas. He was a devout Christian, calm, thoughtful and deter- 
mined, a sturdy Presbyterian, and in his office a terror to evil doers. Strong 
sense, unaided by cultivation, but united with tried integrity, recommended him 
to respect and confidence. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 
He died at Newburgh, New York, November 20th, 1809, aged 67 years, and 
was buried in the Old Town burying ground at Newburgh. His widow, Jane, died 
at Newburgh, April 9th, 1828. From the fact that a grandson was named Thorn- 
ton M. Niven it may be fairly assumed that the family had some connection with 
the Nivens of Thornton in the parish of Bourtie, Aberdeenshire. His great, great, 
grand-nephew, James Malcolm Motley, a descendant of his brother, Duncan, 
joined the Society in 1893. — History of Orange County; the Press. 



293 JAMES RENWICK. 

Manager 1789-1791 ; 1st Vice-President 1792-1793. 

James Renvvick was bom at Lochmaben in the year 1744. He came to New 
York from Liverpool or Manchester in 1783 with his wife, Catharine Mee, whom 
he married in 1768. In 1784 he had established himself at 7 Great Dock Street, 
his business being hardware, hosiery, dry goods, etc., and advertised "a few boxes 
of well assorted medicines." In 1789 he had removed to 92 William Street, and in 
1794 he is found as senior member of the firm of Renwick, Son & Hudswell, at 
82 William Street. He was an enterprising, shrewd merchant who was well 
known in the mercantile world of the eighteenth century and a public spirited and 
philanthropic citizen. He was one of the organizers in 1789 of "The Mercantile 
Society for Employing the Industrious Poor and Promoting Manufacturing," and 
was specially generous to church and charitable work. He died September 25, 
1803. — Famous Families of New York and the Press. 



294 ALEXANDER RIDDELL. 

Alexander Riddell was senior member of the firm of Alexander Riddell & 
Co., wholesale dry goods merchants, located in 1778 at 520 Hanover Square. 
In 1781 their address was 213 Queen Street, probably the same premises, and in 
the following year Riddell advertised that he was "going to Europe" and offered 
their stock low for cash. In 1783 the firm was reorganized and became Riddell, 
Colquhoun & Co., remaining so until February, 1785, when they advertised that 
Ihey were "about to wind up the business and to leave the State this Spring." 
The following year their place of business was "To Let" and Riddell, on Novem- 
ber 3rd, advertised thai he, as attorney for the assignees of the firm, was about to 
leave the State. The firm of Robert & Alexander Riddell of Baltimore made an 



182 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

assignment to Samuel Kerr and Peter McDougall in October, 1786. In 1787, 
however, he is still active in New York as a shipping agent at 32 Little Dock 
Street, and this is the last reference noted in the Press of the day. The firm 
seems to have been the New York representatives of James Mitchell & Co., of 
Glasgow. It is probable that our member went to Baltimore and continued in 
business there. 



295 ALEXANDER ROBERTSON. 

Treasurer 1787-91. 

The first mention noted of Alexander Robertson is as a merchant in the year 
1766, and in 1769 he was admitted Freeman of the City and styled "Gentleman." 
In Vol. II of the Historical Register of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadel- 
phia it is there stated that he was a native of Falkirk and that his wife was Mary, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Corrin) Smith. William Smith was a native 
of Dumfriesshire. In 1770 Robertson's shop was in Maiden Lane near the Fly 
Market, and in 1772 he had removed to Queen Street. No mention of him has 
been found from 1774 until 1784 when an advertisement appeared in the news- 
papers on May 10th of that year notifying the public that he had returned 
to the city and was located at 12 Hanover Square, and in the dry goods business. 
This shows that while the city was in the hands of the British he was a refugee. 
The firm was then known as Alexander Robertson & Co. On April 20, 1786, 
he advertised that the co-partnership was dissolved and that the new finB would 
be Robertson, Smith & Co., and would remove to 52 Smith Street. His partner 
in this new firm was James Smith who, however, did not join the Society. He 
was probably his brother-in-law. The firm was again dissolved in 1788 and be- 
came Alexander Robertson & Co., as formerly. In 1789 he was Treasurer of the 
New York Manufacturing Society, and in 1791 was the largest subscriber to the 
stock of the Bank of New York, subscribing for 34 shares. He married, December 
23, 1784, a widow, Mrs. Ann Shanvin, his first wife having died July 9th pre- 
ceding. In 1794 he was associated with Peter McDougall, his son-in-law, and 
doing business at 191 Pearl Street. On his daughter's marriage to McDougall 
he sent to the sick in the alms-house and the debtors in jail 150 loaves of bread, 
300 lbs. of beef, 130 pounds of cheese, 3 barrels of strong ale and 3 barrels of 
apples. The correspondent who sent the information to the press signed himself 
"Old Times," and winds up by quoting 

"Blush grandeur, blush, ye proud withdraw your blaze 
Share, if ye dare, your wealth ; if not, give praise." 

In 1794 he retired from the directorate of the Mutual Assurance Company. In 
1796 he was Treasurer of the Missionary Society. In 1799 he gave two lots in 
Pine Street to the Scotch Church, which were sold and the proceeds formed an 
endowment for the maintenance of the Robertson School, now located at 3 West 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 183 

95th Street, New York City. In this coruiection the following rhapsody, addressed 
to the editor of the New York Daily Gazette, which appeared in the issue of Feb- 
ruary 26, 1791, seems worth rescuing from obscurity. 

Blush grandeur, blush ! proud courts withdraw your blaze 
Ye little stars ! hide your diminish'd rays ! 

Pope. 

Mr. McLean. 

The astonishing instance of liberality, in the act of Mr. Robertson's donation 
to the Scotch Presbyterian Church in this City, claims the approbation, and merits 
(he encomiums of every friend to humanity. Some denominations have established 
charitable institutions, but they have been result of an union of exertion. That 
proposed to be erected by Mr. Robertson is the act of an individual, and, standing 
alone, is the more conspicuous. This gentleman, having risen from very humble 
beginnings to his present elevated state of opulence, by the varied successes of 
honourable trade, is daily practising the divine precepts by dispensing relief to 
the really necessitous. 

Thrice happy man ! enabled to pursue 
What many wish, but want the pow'r to do ! 
Oh say what sums, those generous hands supply 
What mines, to swell that boundless charity ? 

His agency and perseverance in forming the Manufacturing Society, and in 
collecting subscriptions for setting on foot that institution, by which means many 
of the industrious poor are comfortably subsisted, is another shining trait in his 
character and merits the plaudits of the humane. 

What nothing earthly gives, or can destroy 
The soul's calm sunshine, and the heart felt joy. 
Is virtue's prize. 

May his disinterested benefaction be imitated, and his ultimate reward be a 
reception into those glorious mansions, where hope is realized by fruition, and 
every benevolent virtue compensated by ineffable and interminable felicity. 

Who taught that heav'n-directed spire to rise? 
'Tis R(obertson) ! each lisping Babe replies. 

Benevolus. 

On December 6th of that year his daughter, Mary, married Albert Wyckoflf; 
another daughter, Elizabeth, married, November 18th, 1806, James Walsh ; his 
daughter, Helen, became the wife of Dr. John B. Rodgers. So far as known he 
had only one son, Robert Smith Robertson, who survived him. Mr. Robertson 
died in 1816 and a tablet was erected to his memory in the Scotch Presbyterian 
Church. 



184 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

296 CHARLES ROBERTSON. 

No mention of Charles Robertson prior to his subscription towards Saint 
Andrew's Hall has been noted. In the directory of 1786 he appeared as "Store- 
keeper" at 83 William Street, and in the directories of 1787 and 1789 he appeared 
as "Dry Goods" and "Storekeeper," respectively, and at the same address. In 
1793 he removed to 17 Queen Street, corner of the Fly Market. In 1794, while 
at 82 Maiden Lane, he gave up business and his store was occupied on May 1st, 
by William & John Hervey. In 1797 and 1798 his address was 136 Pearl Street, 
where he carried on a wholesale and retail business in hardware, guns, saddlery, 
cutlery, jewelry, shoes and dry goods. No further reliable trace of him has been 
found. 



297 JOHN RUTHERFURD. 

John Rutherfurd was born in New York City September 20, 1760. His 
father, Walter Rutherfurd, son of Sir John Rutherfurd of Edgerston, was 7th 
President of the Society (q. v.). John studied at Princeton under Dr. Wither- 
spoon and graduated from that college in 1776. He was admitted to the bar and 
attained distinction in his profession, for many years having charge of much of 
the property of Trinity Church. In 1781 he removed to New Jersey, and became 
one of the foremost promoters of the best public measures of that State, which 
he also represented in the Legislature. In 1788, though only 28 years of age, he 
was chosen a presidential elector, and from 1791 to 1798 served in the United 
States Senate, resigning at the close of his second term, being the last survivor 
of the Senators of Washington's administration. Mr. Rutherfurd then gave his 
attention to his landed estates in New Jersey, devoting himself specially to scien- 
tific agriculture, by which the value of his property was measurably enhanced. 
In the important territorial controversy between New York and New Jersey 
in 1825 he was one of the Commissioners appointed to adjust the boundary line ; 
also in 1829 and 1833 he served with the appointed Commissioners in settling the 
line between those States and Pennsylvania. He married Helen, daughter of 
Lewis Morris, Signer of the Declaration of Independence. His city home was 
at 219 Broadway where the Astor House once stood, where he remained from 
1807 to 1812. In 1807 he was appointed Street Commissioner in New York 
City and laid out Tompkins Square. He died at "Tranquility," New Jersey, 
February 23, 1840.— Nat. Cy. Am. Biog., Vol. II; et al. 



298 JAMES SAIDLER. 

Manager 1784-1786. 

Like many early merchants of New York James Saidler may have begun 
business as a sailor and merchant trader for in 1774 one Captain James Saidler 
was master of the brig. York packet, for Liverpool, the agents in New York 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 18S 

being Walter and Thomas Buchanan. Be this as it may he is dctinitely located 
in New York in 1784 as junior member of the firm of Wilsons & Saidler in the 
dry goods business at 12 Queen Street, and in August of the following year this 
firm was dissolved, the business being carried on by William Wilson & Co., at 
the same address. In January, 1785, Saidler advertised that he had opened a dry 
goods and hardware store at 34 Queen Street, and in April following he adver- 
tised from the same address that he had commenced the business of insurance 
broker, and also offered his services in buying all kinds of goods on commission. 
He followed this up in October by advertising that he had added wines to his 
business and oiTered to take in payment, in lieu of cash, lumber or pot and pearl 
ash. In 1798 he was of the firm of Saidler & Waterbury in the auction business 
at 131 Water Street, which firm was dissolved January 1, 1801, and a new firm, 
composed of himself, Henry Saidler and John Graham, Jr., was started Septem- 
ber 15th, 1801, at the same address, under the firm name of Saidler & Graham. 
He seems to have kept his insurance business to himself and separate entirely 
from his auction business. He was also a member of the firm of Saidler & Mc- 
Gregor in the dry goods business. He belonged to the Masonic fraternity, being 
the first Master of Union Lodge No. 8, instituted November 29th, 1783, and 
from 1783 to 1785 was Junior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of the State. 
He married, first, Margaret Dallas, daughter of William and Isabella Dallas of 
New York, (b. Sep. 18, 1760; d. there Jan. 28, 1788), who left three children, and 
on August 7, 1788, he marfied Jean or Janet, daughter of James Graham. She 
was born in Scotland, February 3rd, 1771, and came to New York with her par- 
ents in 1773. In 1794 he subscribed for two shares in the Tontine Coffee House. 
He died suddenly July 31st, 1803, and was buried in Trinity Church yard. His 
wife carried on the business, in partnership with Donald McGregor, as Saidler 
& McGregor until October 31st, 1804. She died January 12, 1850. One daughter 
married Gideon Pott, member, 1807. Another, Mary C. married Benjamin Lin- 
coln Swan, and their grandson, Benjamin Lincoln Swan, Junior, became a member 
of the Society in 1870. — St. Nicholas Society Book and the Press. 



299 JAMES SCOTT. 

Manager 1784-85; 1786-87; Secretary 1791-93; 
First Vice-President 1798-1809. 

James Scott was a son of the Rev. Richard Scott of Ewes, in Diunfriesshire 
Scotland, and was probably born there in the year 1762. According to Scoville 
in The Old Merchants of New York, James Scott was the son of Walter Scott 
who had been "out in the 45," father and son subsequently emigrating to New 
York. He also states that both father and son distinguished themselves as "brave 
and zealous patriots" in the war of the Revolution. The statement may be correct 
so far as it refers to Walter and his son, James, but it is altogether wron<T so far 
as it refers to the parentage and career of James Scott, the New York merchant 



186 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

of that day. Prior to 1782 John Calderwood & Co., of London, had a branch 
in New York of their dry goods business and James Scott was a partner in that 
firm. The firm in New York in 1780 is beheved to have been Scott & Alhngham, 
at 179 Queen Street. In 1784 James Scott & Co. were doing business at 44 Queen 
Street, and the firm retained this name and the connection with Calderwood until 
1792, when on September 1st of that year they advertised the dissolution of both 
the New York and London houses and the continuation of the business in New 
York, by James Scott, and on his own account. In 1794 his address was 274 Pearl 
Street where he remained until 1803 when the building was offered for sale and 
the firm of Scott & Co., consisting of Scott, Israel Seaman and Joseph Tremain 
was dissolved and a new firm, Scott & Tremain, succeeded. The Scott of this firm 
was George Scott and probably the brother of James. On February 5th, 1793, Scott 
married Elizabeth Crommelin Sowers, grand-daughter of John R. Myer. James 
Scott was a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity. He was a member of St. 
Andrew's Lodge, No. 169, and was appointed Grand Secretary to the Grand 
Lodge, July 27, 1786, retaining that office till March 5th, 1788, when he resigned 
on the grounds that he was about to leave the State. Confirmation of this state- 
ment appeared in an advertisement which stated "that he was about to go to Great 
Britain." In 1792 he was elected Junior Grand Warden and re-elected in 1793 and 
1794. He became Senior Grand Warden in 1795 and re-elected to the same office 
in 1796 and 1797. In 1797 he became a Director of the New York Insurance 
Co., and on March 1st of the same year Governor De Witt Clinton appointed him 
one of the Committee on the Revision of tlie Constitution. In 1807 he became a 
member of the Dumfries and Galloway Society. For many years he carried on 
alone a large business in Washington Street and had his home in Greenwich Street. 
He dealt in cotton, logwood, mahogany, sugar, and other merchandise, but his 
principal business was in cotton, receiving consignments from every part of the 
South. In 1815 he had branch establishments in Richmond and Manchester in 
Virginia. Robert Lenox and he were warm friends. His country residence was 
at Jamaica, Long Island, where he had a mansion, carriage-house, smoke-house, 
ice-house, etc., covering 50 building lots and land surrounding covering 650 lots, 
all of which were offered for sale in 1835. In noting his death it is stated that he 
was "late of this town and a native of Scotland." He died December 24th, 1826, 
aged sixty-four years, and was buried in Prospect Cemetery, Jamaica, Long 
Island. One of his executors was his nephew, Richard Irvin, 24th President of 
the Society. His widow (born June 16th, 1774) died in Brooklyn, New York, 
January 8th, 1860. There seems to have been no children. 



300 LEWIS ALLAIRE SCOTT. 

Lewis Allaire Scott was born February 11, 1759, and was the son of John 
Morin Scott, 3rd President of the Society (q. v.), and great, great grandson 
of Sir John Scott, Baronet, of Ancnim in Roxburgh. What part, if any, Scott 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 187 

took in the war uf the Revolution does not appear nor was lie educated in his 
father's Ahna Mater, Yale. He married, January 18, 1785, Juliana Sitgreaves, 
of Easton, Pa., and had an only son, John Morin Scott, born in New York City, 
October 25, 1789, who became Mayor of Philadelphia in 1841. During his brief 
career Scolt became Secretary of State, succeeding his father in that office, receiv- 
ing his commission from Governor Clinton, October 23, 1784, and retaining that 
position until his death. His home was at 2 George Street (now Broadway), 
where the Astor House long stood. Mr. Scott died March 17, 1798, and was 
buried in Trinity Church yard. 



301 GEORGE SERVICE. 

George Service and his brother, Rdbert, were engaged in business in 1777 
as Robert & George Service, laces and edgings, at Eneas Graham's House. It is 
probable that they were sons of Capt. John Service, who in 1758 was master of 
the brig Elhabctli, hailing from Irvine, Ayrshire, and who in that year gave up 
the command to his son, Robert. It is also probable that Robert Service was the 
Loyalist refugee of that name who was a "Trader" in Boston and who went to 
Halifax in 1776 with his family of four and who was proscribed and banished 
in 1778. Were such the case, and it seeins to be unquestionable, it would have 
been natural for him to come to New York as the city was then in possession of 
the British, while Boston was in the hands of the Americans. In 1778 the firm 
had removed to 526 Hanover Square, corner of Wall Street, and in 1780 to the head 
of the Coffee House Bridge. On July 17, 1783, when it became apparent that the 
Evacuation was near, the firm petitioned Sir Guy Carleton to be jyermitted to go 
to Nova Scotia to secure lands for themselves and their friends, evidently intend- 
ing to leave New York, but they did not carry out their intention. In 1783 they 
were located at 234 Queen Street and in 1786 they removed to 27 Queen Street. 
Their business was a wholesale one and their line English, Indian, Russian and 
Scottish goods. In 1787 they had gone out of business and Robert had gone back 
to the sea. In 1791 the firm was again in business and subscribed for 7 shares of 
the stock of the Bank of New York. In 1793 Mr. Service became a Director in 
the New York Branch of the Bank of the United States. He probably returned 
to London or Glasgow. In 1805 Robert was declared insolvent and, as an absent 
debtor, his property was attached, a legal method then frequently invoked in his 
absence against the most solvent individual. He died in London, March 30, 1820, 
aged 85 vears. The death of George has not been noted. 



302 WILLIAM RALSTON SHEDDEN. 

Manager 1785-86; 2nd Vice-President 1789-90. 

William Shedden was the youngest son of Robert Shedden of Beith and 
Roughwood, Ayrshire. When a young man he and his cousin, Robert, son of 



188 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

William of Auchingree and Kerse, Ayrshire, came to Norfolk, Va., in the year 
1757. There they engaged in business and became prosperous. Robert married 
there intending to settle down with Norfolk as his permanent home. At the 
Revolution both William and Robert reinained loyal and in consequence of their 
wealth and standing in the community were subjected to persecution. They were 
forced to take refuge on Lord Dunmore's fleet. Robert came on with Dunmore 
to New York and established himself in business, forming the firm of Shedden 
8i Goodrich, which engaged extensively in privateering. William resided for 
a time in Bermuda but eventually came to New York, and no doulbt was taken 
into his cousin's business. At the peace in 1783 Robert returned to Scotland but 
William remained and established the house of Shedden, Patrick & Co., practi- 
cally successors to Shedden & Goodrich. A curious advertisement appeared in 
the newspapers in July, 1783. Shedden & Goodrich gave notice that "they are 
going to Europe but while the King's troops remain in garrison their books will 
remain here and every seaman to whom they owe money will be paid." William's 
partners in the new firm were his cousin, Robert, John Patrick, probably a nephew, 
and W. B. Todd. The firm conducted a large business importing goods from the 
West Indies, and acting as agents for West Indian planters, owned their owm ships 
and traded in every sea, having a large trade with St. Petersburgh. In 1788 they 
were regarded as the largest merchants in the city. William Shedden was one of 
the largest contributors in 1785 to the St. Andrew's Hall fund. In 1793 he was 
elected a director of the Eanl< of New York. He married Ann Wilson, and by 
her had one daughter, Jane Ralston, and a son, William Patrick Ralston. Mr. 
Shedden died of consumption November 16, 1798, and the New York Spectator 
has this to say of him: "It is but a small tribute due to the memoi-y of this 
gentleman to say that in him society has sustained a loss almost irreparable. His 
philanthropy knew no bounds, his great and shining talents were uniformly exerted 
for the good of mankind. As a merchant his opinions were almost equal to a law, 
they being founded on the unerring principles, the immutable basis of justice and 
of truth. He was honest ... he was honorable." In his will Mr. Shedden 
appointed his nephew, William Patrick, Writer to the Signet, guardian of his son, 
William. This boy returned to Scotland and was there educated for the law. — 
Robertson's Ayrshire Families; Diet. Eminent Scotsmen; Old Merchants of Nczv 
York. {See Addenda page 399) 



303 COLONEL JOHN STEVENS 

Col. Stevens was the son of John and Elizabeth (Alexander) Stevens and 
nephew of General William Alexander, "Lord Stirling." He was born in New 
York in 1749; graduated from King's (Columbia) College in 1768 and was ad- 
mitted to the bar, practicing little, however. During the war he held several offices, 
one of which was Treasurer of New Jersey, 1776-9, and at its close he married 
Rachel, daughter of John Cox, of Bloomsbury, New Jersey, residing in winter on 
Broadway and in summer at Hoboken. He devoted himself to mechanical inven- 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 189 

tions and did much to perfect and establish steam navigation. In 1787, while driv- 
ing one day along the banks of the Delaware River, he came in sight of the boat 
which John Fitch, a Connecticut mechanic, had built. He examined it with great 
attention and thereafter began experimenting on his own account. In 1804, as 
a recent writer in the Evening Post has said, he had "developed a screw propellor 
m all its essential details as it is used to-day in driving the mammoth greyhounds 
through the oceans ot the world." Col. Stevens and his sons worked industriously 
along the lines of steam propulsion of water craft, and for more than a quarter 
of a century they were the only builders and ojjerators of steamboats on the Hud- 
son and Delaware Rivers. In 1811 he established between Hoboken and New 
York the first steam ferryboat service in the world. In 1813 he designed an iron- 
clad ship which embodied the monitor type and was the first ironclad ever worked 
out for construction. In 1817 he obtained a charter, the first in America, for a 
railroad from the Delaware to the Raritan. Six years later ihe secured acts of 
Legislature for the incorporation of the Pennsylvania Railroad. From the base 
of Castle Point hill Col. Stevens constructed a steam locomotive and track in 
1823 capable of carrying passengers at a speed of twelve miles an hour, which was 
the first engine and train that ever ran on a railroad in America. In 1790 he 
petitioned Congress for protection to American inventors, and in due time a bill 
was passed on April 10, 1790, which became the foundation of the American 
patent laws. He died at Hoboken, New Jersey, March 6, 1838. — Appleton; N. Y . 
Evening Post; ct a!. 



304 - HAY STEVENSON. 

Hay Stevenson was one of four brothers, natives of the Borders, who settled 
in New York, Thomas, James and Alexander, however, being in a different Hne 
of business. In 1783 Hay Stevenson & Co. were in the general dry goods line at 
7 Queen Street, in 1792 at 239 King Street, and subsequently at 135 Water Street 
and 167 Pearl Street, with James Dall as partner. He married, July 29, 1790, 
Jessie Graham, eldest daughter of Isabella Graham, widow of Dr. John Graliam, 
surgeon of the 60th, Royal Americans. Her sister was the wife of Divie Bethune. 
Hay joined, by certificate from Scotland, the First Presbyterian Church under Dr. 
Rodgers. Mrs. Stevenson lived only until August 4, 1795, leaving an only son, 
John Graham Stevenson, and Mr. Stevenson fell a victim to yellow fever Sep- 
tember 24, 1799. 



305 JOHN TAYLOR 

Manager 1791-93; 1799-1801. 

John Taylor was born in Fintry, Stirlingshire, in 1752, and came to the 
Colony in 1773. In May, 1777, he was engaged in the auction business, his 
vendue store being near the Fly Market, and in 1779 at 15 Queen Street. In 



190 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

that year he became a member of the Qiamber of Commerce. In 1781 he was a 
member of the firm of Bumside, Taylor & Co. In 1783 the firm was dissolved, 
the business closed out and Taylor went back to Scotland and married Margaret 
Scott at Glasgow, October 27th, of that year. He returned to New York in 1784 
and engaged in the importation of dry goods at 225 Queen Street, under the firm 
name of John Taylor & Co. At a later period he united with him his two sons 
James and Andrew, and continued the business, chiefly on commission, under the 
style of John Taylor & Sons, at 185 Pearl Street, the same premises, the street 
having been renamed and renumbered. He died in New York City June 30, 1833, 
and was buried in Murray Street Churchyard. He is said to have been a man of 
strong, vigourous and discriminating mind, of the strictest integrity, perfectly 
reliable, and most punctual in meeting his engagements. He was also a man of 
earnest religious convictions. Scoville says that in 1816 he subscribed $150,000 
towards a Government loan. Mrs. Robert W. de Forest, in her work, John Johns- 
ton, says that Taylor's city house was at 23 Cliff Street, and his country home 
was on a farm of about ten acres situated between 39th and 40th Streets and 
ran from Fifth Avenue to the Bloomingdalc Road (Broadway), the house being 
a large one among beautiful trees, encircled by a piazza with large white columns. 
His daughter Margaret married September 2, 1817, John Johnston (20th Presi- 
dent of the Society). Mrs. de Forest also says that two of Taylor's sons were 
Robert Lenox and Andrew and that they owned several vessels sailing for Liver- 
fMDol, Savannah, Mobile and other Ports. A biography of John Taylor by Emily de 
Forest has recently been published. — John Austin Stevens; Mrs. de Forest; The 
Press. 



306 JOHN THOMSON. 

Manager 1790-91; 1796-97; 
Treasurer 1799-1819. 

John Thomson is believed to have been a native of Glasgow and related to the 
family of that name which was prominent in Glasgow mercantile circles at that 
period. His brother Robert "was one of the first, if not the first, v/ho introduced 
cotton manufacture into this place (Glasgow)." Robert died in Glasgow Decem- 
ber 15, 1820. In 1784 John Thomson was associated with Captain Walter Bu- 
chanan under the firm name of Buchanan & Thomson, conducting a business at 
243 Queen Street, believed to be dry goods. In 1787 the firm dissolved, Buchanan 
remaining at 217 Water Street to which they had moved in the interim. John 
is later found at different numbers in Queen Street until 1794 when his address 
became 203 Pearl Street, probably the same premises, where he remained many 
years. In 1817 his son Ale.xander was taken into partnership under the firm 
name of John Thomson & Son at 2 Burling Slip, the residence still remaining 
203 Pearl Street. John Thomson died at Glasgow December 3, 1821, aged 84. 
After 1820 the firm disappears and the firm of Alexander Thomson & Co., takes 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 191 

its place. Mr. Thomson was a man who was much respected and trusted, as 
is evidenced by the number of wills which contained his name as one of the execu- 
tors. He was for twenty years Treasurer of this Society showing that his country- 
men had implicit confidence in him. 



307 CAPTAIN GEORGE TURNBULL, R. N. 

Manager 1791-92; 2nd Vice-Pres. 1797-98; 
1st Vice-Pres. 1809-12. 

Captain George Turnbull is believed to have been a native of Perthshire, and 
a relative of Col. George Turnbull, member 1757, probably a cousin. He joined 
the I'rilish Navy and rose in the service until on his retirement he had attained 
the rank of Post-Captain. No record of his services has been found. The Cap- 
lain came to New York just after the close of the Revolution. Captain Turnbull 
took a vei"y active interest in the affairs of the Society, and rose to the position 
of First Vice-President. He married first Marian (daughter of William Max- 
well), who died at Second River, New Jersey, in May, 1785. On August 9th, 
1787, he married Samarah Vanhorne who died December 14th, 1789. He mar- 
ried a third time and in London, on January 8, 1791, Margaret, daughter of 
Charles Maxwell of Bury Street, St. James's. This Charles Maxwell was a 
brother of William, Margaret therefore being a cousin of Captain Tumbull's 
first wife. There is no evidence that he ever engaged in business except 
as a director of the Bank of New York to which office he was elected in 
1800. He had a country seat in Greenwich village, situated at the North 
side of 8th Street near 6th Avenue, where he spent part of the year. He 
had three daughters, Margaret Owen who married John Day, Rene Georgiana 
who married Henry Wilkes, and Ann who married David Robertson. He had 
also two sons William P. and George, Junior, the latter engaged in the wine 
business. These two young men were lost at sea in 1821 on their passage in the 
brig Minat'a from Smyrna to New York, the vessel never having been heard of. 
Captain George died in New York, November 13, 1825, in his 81st year. He 
left his property in trust to his wife Margaret who died at Beccles, England, 
January, 1829, aged 72 years. In St. Marks Church, Stuyvesant Place, there is 
a tablet conmiemorating Capt. Turnbull. his wife and his two sons. 



.308 JOHN TURNER. 

John Turner, known as John Turner, Junior, may have been a son of one 
John Turner who on December 31st, 1781, was spoken of in the newspapers of 
that date as "late of Virginia, merchant," but it is more probable that he was the 
son of John Turner, a merchant of Philadelphia, who was attainted, his property 
confiscated, who was in New York in 1782 and a Loyal Associator. This Joim 



192 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

Turner went to Shelbume, Nova Scotia, with a family of eight persons. Vv'hen the 
Americans entered Philadelphia those who were loyal to the government left hur- 
riedly. Turner and Hugh Dean came over to New York and began business 
together as commission merchants and vendue masters. In 1781 Turner seems 
to have been in the dry goods business alone at 9 William Street. In 1783 the 
firm of John Turner, Jr. & Co., advertised European and Indian goods, wholesale 
and retail, "at the Sign of Commerce," 79 William Street, and by 1797 they had 
removed to 182 Pearl Street. He married Christiana Moncriefif, daughter of widow 
Jane Moncriefif, and niece of John Paterson, the New York printer, and had two 
sons, John Alexander and Archibald and a daughter Maria. John Alexander died 
at Charleston on April 29th, 1798, at the age of 18. In October, 1800, Mr. Turner 
took his son Archibald into partnership, and practically retired with a "genteel 
competency," acquired after a diligent prosecution of business for upwards of 
twenty years. He moved to his "country seat" on the Greenwich road, near Love 
Lane, and there he died May 10th, 1801, and his wife survived him only until June 
21st, 1801, dying in her 41st year. 



309 ROBERT WILSON 

There is some doubt as to whether or not this individual ever was a member. 
His name appears in the Sketch Book published in 1823 but not in the pamphlets 
of 1785 or 1788 where it should have appeared if anywhere. It appears in the first 
City directory issued in 1786 and this no doubt was the authority for the inclusion 
of the name in the list of members published in the Sketch Book. His name does 
not appear in the MS List in possession of the Society. Be that as it may however 
we can only assume that the Secretary of 1823 had good grounds for inserting 
the name. 

The Robert Wilson of 1784 was a merchant doing business at 224 Queen 
Street, and may also have been a partner in the firm of Wilsons & Saidler which 
dissolved in 1785, Wilson placing his afifairs in that year in the hands of trustees, 
of whom one was William Shedden. Probably this action brought about his resig- 
nation from the Society, thereby accounting for the non-appearance of his name 
in the pamphlet of 1785. He may have been the Captain Robert Wilson in the 
West Indian trade who hailed from Paisley, whose name appeared in the news- 
papers as early as 1762, who became a non-resident member of the Philadelphia 
Saint Andrew's Society in 1791. In 1793 he was again in business at 15 Duke 
Street and in 1794 at 125 Front Street. He probably was a brother of William 
Wilson. He died October 23, 1797, after a tedious illness, leaving a widow and 
children. His widow Eliza died February 1, 1808. Their daughter Eliza married 
August 3, 1809, James Bowne of Newark, and another daughter Louisa married 
John Griswold, January 5, 1826. 



1784 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 193 

310 WILLIAM WILSON 

Manager 1789-90; 1792-94; 1799-1801; 1813-15; 1817-19. 

William Wilson was a native of Scotland and in 1784 senior member of tlie 
firm of Wilsons & Saidler engaged in the dry goods business at No. 12 Queen 
Street now Pearl Street. In 1785 the firm dissolved and became William Wilson & 
Co., removing in 1788 to 220 Queen Street and in 1789 to 215 Queen Street. They 
were very heavy importers of British dry goods and dealt largely in tobacco, Indian 
meal and Antigua rum. His correspondent in Manchester, England, was the firm 
of Peel, Yates & Co., the senior member being Sir Robert Peel, the father of the 
great Prime Alinister. About 1799 a son of Yates came out to this country. He 
was fearfully dissipated, got into debt and was finally locked up in the debtors' 
prison, a square building that stood in the City Hall park where the Register s 
office now stands. According to Scoville it was a pleasant place to live in. In 
describing it he says the building had a tower with a bell in it and a railing round 
the cupola where the prisoners were wont to sun themselves. On June 19, 1786, 
Wilson married Agnes Ann, daughter of Samuel Kerr, member 1784, and by her 
had five daughters ; Content, wife of Henry E. Ingraham ; Janet, wife of Thomas 
Suffern, a very wealthy merchant whose uncle, George Suffern, was a close friend 
of Wilson ; Ann Corbett who married Leonard W. Kip, a lawyer ; Mary Eliza who 
married Richard H. Chamberlaine of Norfolk, Va., and Margaret Kerr who mar- 
ried, August 6th, 1829, William W. Lamb of Norfolk, Va. Among Wilson's in- 
timate cronies were John I. Glover, William Renwick and Thomas Buchanan, the 
last two being members of the Society. Mr. Wilson was connected with the Scotch 
church in Cedar Street under Dr. Mason and followed him to the new church in 
Murray Street, for the building of which Mr. Wilson is said to have furnished the 
money. Mr. Wilson was treasurer of the church and took an active part in its af- 
fairs. He was one of those who met at the City Hall, November 29th, 1816, to 
promote a Savings Bank and when it commenced operations on the third of July, 
1819, he became one of tlie trustees. Mr. Wilson was a Mason and a member of St. 
Andrew's Lodge, No. 3. He was noted for his benevolence. Mr. Wilson died July 
13, 1844, aged 83 years and his widow survived him until December 17, 1854, when 
she passed away in her 87th year. — Old Merchants of Nnv York ; The Press. 



311 JOHN YOUNG 

John Young was a saddler to trade and is believed to be identical with the 
John Young, Junior, who opened a shop in September, 1762 "at the Sign of the 
English Hunting Saddle, on the North side of Market Street, and fourth door above 
the new Printing Office," in Philadelphia. When he settled in New York is un- 
known but in 1784, on his return to the City, and opening a shop at 18 Queen 
Street, he is styled "an exiled mechanic," showing that during the Revolution he 
had settled elsewhere. In October, 1786, he married Margaret Bassett. In 1788 
he headed the contingent of saddlers, harness and whip makers in the parade in 



194 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1784 

celebration of the adoption of the Federal Constitution. He died of yellow fever 
at 14 Gold Street, September 16, 1798, aged fifty-six years, leaving his widow, his 
mother, Marian Young, and a brother James, a weaver in Glasgow. His widow 
died at Albany in September, 1800, aged sixty-five years. 



1785 



312 THOMAS ALLEN. 

Manager 1792-1793. 

In 1784 Thomas Allen advertised that he was "lately from Edinburgh" 
and engaged in business as a bookbinder and stationer at 32 Maiden Lane, which 
happened to be John McLean's printing office. In May, 1786, he removed to 16 
Queen Street, corner of the Fly Market, and advertised that he made a specialty 
of making and binding merchants' account books and of selling Bibles, Prayer 
and Hymn books ; later he notified the public that he had imported from Am- 
sterdam "an elegant assortment of quills." In 1792 he was at 12 Queen Street, 
and designated himself "publisher and bookseller." He was the representative 
of a number of British publishers and the first agent in America for the Encyclo- 
pedia Britannica. He retired from business and, according to his successor, 
Thomas Arden, "in very easy circumstances." In 1800 he was in Scotland, re- 
turning to New York from Greenock in the Fanny on September 10, 1801. At 
his death in December, 1826, after providing for relatives, he left $4,000 to 
the New York Orphan Asylum. In his will there is a note of sadness. He 
provided that Robert Campbell Allen, "who is now absent" should receive during 
his natural life the income from $10,000 "if he return to New York." The 
inference is that Robert was a wayward son. 



313 CAPTAIN JAMES BLACK 

Captain Black saw service in the Revolution having been appointed, January 
5th, 1776, Ensign in the 2nd Pennsylvania Battalion; First Lieutenant of Mal- 
com's New York regiment, serving from July 4th, to December, 1776; Captain 
of Malcom's Additional Continental regiment on the recommendation of Governor 
Clinton to Washington, March 11th, 1777; transferred to Spencer's regiment 
April 22, 1779. In November, 1777, he was appointed Sub-Commissary of Cloth- 
ing for the State troops, an office more onerous than lucrative and one that sub- 
jected him to much criticism. His health having broken down he retired January 
1st, 1781. After the war he settled in New York City. He became identified 
with the New York Militia and in 1791 was 2nd Major of the Third regiment. 
Captain Black entered into partnership with his comrade. General William Mai- 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 195 

com, in the sliip chandlery business, which arrans^femcnt continued up to the death 
of General Malcom in 1791. Thereafter a new firm, James Black & Co., con- 
tinued at 49 Beekman Street until October 25th, 1793, when the firm became 
Black & Carsan, only to be dissolved in its turn six months later, and on May 
1st, 1794, Black conducted business alone at 17 Ferry Street. In 1797 he had 
a "small wooden grocery store" at 52 Front Street, near Coenties Slip, and as 
a climax to his troubles this took fire. He died on June 26th as a result of in- 
juries received thereat. His will, proved July 10th, 1797, makes no mention 
of wife or children and leaves all to his two brothers, William and Peter, and 
his three sisters, names not given. — 5". A. R. Book; Clinton Palters; The Press. 



314 JAMES BREBNER. 

In 1784 Brcbner and Brown, woolen and linen drapers, were located at 8 
William Street. This was the first advertisement met with where the advertiser 
used lliis manner of designating that business. In 17S6 they removed to 14 Wil- 
liam Street and shortly after their warehouse was "To Let." While Brebner 
was a partner in the business in New York City he made his home in Kinder- 
hook, N. Y., and there also carried on business. In September, 1787, the firms 
of Brebner & Brown of New York and James Brebner & Co. of Kinderhook, 
dissolved partnership. The next mention of Brebner occurs in 1789 when he 
was tried and found guilty, before the court of Oyer and Terminer of Columbia 
County, of outrageous assault and battery, but was granted a new trial at the 
next term of court. Curiously enough the Packet while chronicling the facts, 
styled him James Brebner, Esq. He had evidently retired from business and was 
living the life of a country gentleman. The title Esquire in those days was not 
usually given to active merchants unless they were merchant princes. A search 
of the wills of Columbia County might give further particulars. Brebner may 
have been a member of the Aberdeen family of that name, one of whom, Alex- 
ander Brebner of Learncy, was twice Provost of that city, and was engaged in 
the manufacture of linen and woolen goods at Gordon's Mills. 



315 DAVID CAMPBELL. 

David Campbell, second son of John, Vth of Barcaldine, was educated for 
the legal profession. He entered Glasgow University in 1748 and was then styled 
"of I'.elmont.'' On December 1st, 1755, he was admitted a Writer to the Signet 
in Edinburgh. He married March, 1756, Jean, daughter of Archibald Campbell 
of that city. About 1774 Campbell got into trouble in connection with some 
dealings at the Ayr Bank the nature of which has not been disclosed and his 
relatives became busy raising money to send him to New York. This was the 
bank conducted by Douglas. Heron & Co. which failed so disastrously in 1773. 



196 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

This house had a branch dry goods business in Philadelphia, on Chestnut Street, 
between Front and Second Streets in 1772. The intention was that Campbell 
and his family should at once start for America as the case was urgent, but 
it seems Campbell came to New York alone. He qualified to practice in America 
as agent and surveyor by acquiring a knowledge of English forms of law and 
land measuring which differed materially from the Scottish practice. His wife, 
who remained in Scotland, applied for assistance to the Society of Writers to 
the Signet and in a minute of that Society, under date of March 11th, 1775, it is 
stated that Campbell "had been obliged from the distress of his affairs to go 
abroad and had left her with six children destitute of every comfort and necessary 
of life." It was agreed to pay Mrs. Campbell the sum of Twenty-five pounds 
Sterling on the understanding that nothing further would be done for her until her 
husband should give in to the Society a demission of his office as a Writer to the 
Signet. This Campbell did on June 26th, of that year. On the 24th of June, 
1776, that Society again paid Mrs. Campbell £25 and ordered that she should 
be put upon their list of pensioners for a like sum yearly during the pleasure of 
the Society only. In 1777 Campbell advertised in New York as an "Attorney- 
at-Law and Public Notary" and that he had an office for Insurance, giving his 
address as "Box, Merchants Coffee House." In 1780 he was located at 2 Wall 
Street, next door to the Coffee House. He also had a farm at Greenwich village 
'"near the road leading from the Bowery to the North River Road." On May 
8th, 1786, Campbell was tried before the Supreme Court and convicted of de- 
livering forged notes as securities for monies in which he was indebted, know- 
ing the same to be forged, and was sentenced to pay a fine of £200 and be im- 
prisoned six calendar months without bail or main prize. There must have been 
some mitigating circumstances as a petition in his favour was very largely signed, 
the result of which is not stated in the Press. The following week his household 
furniture and farming utensils in Greenwich were sold. A great many real 
estate transfers, in which Campbell's name figures, appear on the Records about 
the period in question. He continued to practice law up to 1804 but his name 
disappeared from the Directories thereafter. What became of him has not been 
ascertained. A list of members of this Society was published under date of 1785 
and in the copy in the New York Historical Society David Campbell's name is 
stricken out by some former owner, the inference being that David's name was 
deleted from the Roll by action of the Society. The Minutes of the Society 
for that period are no longer in existence and this must remain an inference 
only. — Blf^^honsc Papers; Archives of Society of Writers to the Signet; A'. Y. 
Journal : Daily Advertiser; et al. 



316 JOHN CAMPBELL 

John Campbell was a potter or manufacturer of earthenware. On March 
3rd. 1761, he became a Freeman of the City. In 1763 he advertised that he lived 
at the upper end of the Broadway, directly opposite the Old Spring-Garden House, 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 197 

opening on the Commons, and that he "takes this Method to inform the Pubhck 
that he makes Earthen-ware of the Sort that is made in Philadelphia." In 1774 
he was still at the upper end of Broadway and then "opposite the Negroes Bury- 
ing Ground'' and stated that "he had set up the business of making pantile, also 
Philadelphia earthenware." During tlie Revolution no advertisement of his ap- 
peared. Mather .states in his Refugees of Long Island that on August 17, 1776, 
:he New York Provincial Convention appointed him on a Committee to remove 
:he women, children and infirm persons out of New York before the enemy, 
:hat is the British, attacked. He Ijecame .'\ssistant Deputy Quarter-Master-Gen- 
?ral with rank of Major during the war, with lieadcpiarters at Continental \'illage 
n Dutchess County. His duties seem to have been connected with artificers and 
canisters, and securing forage. He contributed liberally to the .American cause 
ind received in acknowledgment a large quantity of Continental money. In 
[788 his "pot works were near the Hospital." On December 25 of that year he 
vas Chairman of the General Committee of the Society of Mechanics and Trades- 
nen. He was afitiliated with Tammany Hall and Mather, quoting the Old Mcr- 
'Itants of Nczv York, states that he was a Sachem from 1779 to 1791. In 1790 
ic was elected "Father of the Council" and in 1792 was elected Alderman of 
he 6th Ward, serving until 1796. In 1795 he was a Governor of the New York 
hospital. By 1798 he had a definite street number, that part of Broadway at the 
)resent Post Office being known as Great George St. In 1794 it became known 
IS Broadway again. Mr. Campbell died ^May 26, 1798, in the 59th year of his 
ige and his will was proved April 15, 1799. He left a widow, Sarah, three 
laughters and one son, Thomas, and a son-in-law, Thomas Kirk. One of his 
laughters married a Mr. Cooper and became the mother of the well known Peter 
Zooper. — Appleton; Gen. & Biog. Rec; the Press. 



117 MALCOLM CAMPBELL 

Malcolm Canipbcll with his wife, Lucy McClellan, and family landed in 
•sTew York from the packet ship New York on October 3, 1785, and one of his 
irst acts was to become a member of this Society at its preparatory meeting in 
•November of that year. He was a son of Ale.xander Campbell who is said to 
lave fought on the side of Prince Charlie at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, a 
tatement almost unbelievable of a Campbell. Malcolm was a teacher of languages, 
laving received his education and the degree of A.M. in St. Andrew's University, 
iis first home in the new land was at the foot of Cortlandt Street and he opened 
. preparatory school at 32 Broad Street. In 1790 Mr. Campbell's academy was 
.t 85 Broadway. By April, 1791, he had joined forces with Alexander McDonald, 
Iso a member of the Society, and Edward Shepherd, and they advertised their 
cademy as at their new building at 32 Broad Street, comer of Beaver Street, 
n 1798 he was located at 66 Cortlandt Street and in 1799 at 148 Broadway, 
orner of Lil^erty Street. Mr. Campbell edited the first American edition ot 
7icero's Orations and of C(csar's Commentaries and also revised, corrected and 



198 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

published in 1808 L'Abbe Tardy's French dictionary. On November 9th, 1807, 
his eldest daughter, Ann, married Mr. O'Farrel, "late of the Island of Porto 
Rico." Mr. Campbell died October 11, 1821, aged 63 years, leaving in addition 
to Ann above mentioned, another daughter, Marv', who was appointed admin- 
istratrix of his estate and a son, James, Surrogate of New York County. Malcolm 
and his wife were buried in the graveyard of the Wall Street Presbyterian 
Church. — Mrs. Gouverneur's "As I Remember" and the Press. 



318 SAMUEL CAMPBELL 

Manager 1801-1803, 1808-1816; Treasurer 1819-1829 

Samuel Campbell was born in Edinburgh, July 18, 1765, and was the son 
of Samuel Campbell (1736-1813) born at St. Andrews, Fife, where his father, 
John, was Master of the Grammar School. Mr. Campbell's father was a book- 
seller and bookbinder in Edinburgh and had married Catherine Taylor. When 
the Campbells came to New York cannot be definitely stated but our member is 
found doing business in 1785 at 44 Hanover Square. In 1786 he issued a book 
catalogue which contained over 5,000 titles and his advertisement characterized 
them as "a choice collection of P)Ooks in every branch of science and literature, 
all new, the best editions, in good binding, etc." There are few book catalogues 
of that magnitude today. Song sheets seemed to be popular at that time and in 
an advertisement he gave a long list of such whose titles are not now familiar, 
viz., "Blow High, Blow Low ; Water Parted from the Sea ; The Returning Shep- 
herdess; The Siege of Gibraltar; Through the Wood, Laddie; Jocky Ball; The 
Leaves So Green O; With Horns and with Hounds; Tell Me Cruel Cupid," and 
many others. In the same advertisement he added rather incongruously that he 
had for sale "a few copies of the Book of Common Prayer." Mr. Campbell v/as 
married, first to Eliza Duyckinck, on December 14, 1786, by the Rev. James 
Wilson. This lady died of yellow fever September 13, 1798, leaving four children. 
He married secondly Euphemia Duyckinck, sister of his first wife, July 26, 1799, 
and by Bishop Moore in New York. Mr. Campbell's business consisted not only 
in selling books but in publishing many standard Scottish and English works. 
Falconer's Shipwreck was one of the first undertaken. He purchased a home- 
stead of 200 acres beyond the Orange Mountains now called ^ilillburn and the 
home that he erected there was only pulled down about ten years ago, to make 
way for the Essex County Park with its reservoir for the town of Orange. There 
he built a mill for the manufacture of paper and this industry became very profit- 
able and was continued by his sons. His home in New York was for many years 
at 124 Pearl Street. He was an elder of the Presbyterian church on Wall Street 
for some years. He died in New York June 26, 1836. His sons, John and George 
Washington Campbell, his grandsons, Samuel and Moses Taylor Campbell, and 
his great-grandson, Schuyler Campbell, all became members of this Society.— 
Miss Harriet Kip Campbell; et al. 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 199 

319 DAVID CATION 

David Cation was probably a son of David Cation who matriculated in Glas- 
gow University in 1749 and who was the son of David Cation, a merchant of 
Glasgow. The grandfather, David, was one of the surveyors of Greenock 
appointed by Lord Cathcart in 1751 ; was also contractor for the building of 
the Harbour Breast west of the Mid Quay and afterwards removed to Glasgow, 
where he was known as "Merchant and Architect." In 1781 our member was 
Secretary of Lodge No. 169, Ancient York Masons. On July 22, 1784, his 
marriage to Susannah Lasher took place, followed on April 7th, 1785, by the 
birth of a son, Daniel McCormick, and on November 7th, 1786, by the birth of 
another son, James Archibald. In 1787 he was located at the corner of Golden 
Hill and William Streets, and was agent for the Virginia Line of packets, tem- 
porarily succeeding William Lowther. In 1789 he was a "Storekeeper" at 56 
Broad Street and in 1791 a dry goods merchant at 24 Maiden Lane, removing 
in 1793 to 4 William Street. That same year he began the auction and com- 
mission business under the firm name of Cation & Dcas at 33 Wall Street. In 
1791 he was a Lieutenant in the New York Militia. In 1798 his wife and child 
died of yellow fever. Shortly thereafter he married a second time. In 1799 he 
had become a Custom House Inspector and an officer in the Public Stores at 
the "Quarantine Ground." His death is noted as follows: "Returning (Sunday, 
November 21, 1802) from Church at Richmond, Staten Island, to the ferry in 
a carriage the horse took fright and ran away and Cation was killed." His 
widow, Hannah, was appointed administratrix of his estate. She died December 
11, 1840, at the age of 81 years. 



320 JOHN COCHRAN, M.D. 

Dr. Cochran w^as born at Sudbur>', Chester County, Pa., September 1, 1730, 
and was a son of James Cochran, a native of the North of Ireland, who emigrated 
to l^ennsylvania in the early part of the 18th century. Dr. Cochran was educated 
at the grammar school of Dr. Francis Allison, studied medicine with Dr. Thomp- 
son of Lancaster, and served in the French and Indian war as surgeon's mate 
in the hospital department in Sir Peter Halkett's regiment. According to Wash- 
ington, Cochran was a Surgeon-General in the British service. At the close of 
that war he settled in Albany, New York, where he married Gertrude Schuyler, 
sister of General Schuyler. He soon after removed to New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, where he acquired a great reputation. He was one of the founders of 
the New Jersey Medical Society in 1766, and in 1769 was elected President. 
In 1771 he advertised that "he takes in patients who desire to have the smallpox 
by the new process of inoculation." During the Revolution he was driven from 
his home by the British and his house was burned. In 1776 he volunteered for 
hospital service in the American army and on Washington's recommendation to 
Congress he was commissioned, April 11, 1777, Physician and Surgeon-General 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

in the Middle Department, and in 1781 he was commissioned Director-General 
of Military Hospitals and attached to Washington's staff. When the war was 
over Washington gave him the Headquarters' furniture. He removed to New 
York with his family, living at 96 Broadway, and resumed the practice of his 
profession. Washington, "retaining a cheerful recollection of his past services," 
appointed him Commissioner of Loans for the State of New York, an office he 
held until disabled by a stroke of paralysis. He then resigned and removed to 
Schenectady, New York, where he died April 6, 1807. Washington and Lafayette 
addressed him familiarly as "Good Doctor Bones." Wilson says he was a genial, 
kindly man held in high esteem by all classes of the community. — New Jersey 
Archnrs, 2nd Scries, Vol. 1 ; Tliachcr's Am. Med. Biog. 



321 WILLIAM CRAMOND 

William Cramond was one of four children of Jane Cramond of Tain, Ross- 
shire, all of whom were living in 1799, when James Cramond, brother of William, 
died leaving William a reversionary interest in half of his estate. When Cramond 
came to this country is not known but in 1779 he was in New York as a refugee 
from Manchester, Virginia, and General Pattison, writing to Col. Roger Morris 
under date of September 22nd, confirms an order issuing rations to Cramond 
and others. When Cramond received Honorary membership in the Society in 
1785 he was a member of the firm of Philips, Cramond & Co., of Manchester, 
Va., and Philadelphia, Pa., his brother James representing the firm in the latter 
city and in New York. Shortly thereafter William settled in Philadelphia. In 
1794 he was executor of the estate of another of our members, Andrew Clow. 
He became a resident member of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia 
and one of the incorporators named in the charter of that Society granted in 
1809. In 1812 he was one of the Managers of the Pennsylvania Population 
Company. He died October 26th, 1843. His brother, James, of 5 State Street, 
New York, who died there September 29th, 1799, from an attack of yellow 
fever, was a merchant of strict integrity, eminently distinguished for the clearness 
of his head and the goodness of his heart. — Carleton Papers; the Press. 



322 BENJAMIN CROOKSHANK. 

Mr. Crookshank was a native of Aberdeen and was bom in the year 1723. 
In 1758 he married Miss Beane who died in 1786 at the age of 107 years. He 
subscribed £5 to the Saint Andrew's Hall "to be paid either in work or furniture". 
He is described in the directory of 1787 as "Architect, joiner and cabinet maker". 
He kept a furniture store, first at 16 William Street and later in Fair, now 
Fulton, Street. He accumulated a considerable estate, his will disposing of 
stock in the Mutual Insurance Company, and in the Merchants Bank and Mech- 



1785 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 201 

anics liank, as well as real estate. One of his daughters, Mary, married first 
James Lee in 1749 and secondly in 1802 Peter Hattrick, a fellow member of the 
Society. A son by the first wife, James, who learned his father's trade, died in 
1789. Mr. Crookshank died 14tli August, 1819, aged 96 years, and was buried 
in St. Paul's Chapel yard. 



2,2^ JOHN CURRIE. 

Manager 1789—1809 

John Currie was born, it is believed, in Rothesay, Bute, in the year 1743. 
During the Revolution he kept a country store at New Windsor, New York, 
under the firm name of John Currie & Co., and on August 14, 1783, announced 
in Loudon's Packet that the partnership was about to be dissolved. This was 
preparatory to his removal to New York after the Evacuation. He engaged in 
the grocery business, locating at the Albany Pier. On April 1, 1790, the firm 
of Marselis & Currie, of which he was a member, was dissolved and Currie 
carried on the business on his own account, while later in the year the firm of 
Currie & Suydam was formed and engaged in business at the same place. This 
partnership continued until September 1793, when it was also dissolved and 
Currie again continued the business alone. In 1799 his store was at 15 Coenties 
Slip while his home was at 18 Broadway. In 1801 Currie & Whitney carried 
on the business while Currie's home was at 52 Greenwich Street. In 1803 they 
advertised, giving their address as 15 .Mbany Pier while the directory gives their 
address as 15 Coenties Slip, thereby identifying the location of the Albany Pier 
at that period. Mr. Currie was a member of the first session of the First 
Reformed Presbyterian Church, and also a ruling elder. John Currie died in 
New York City, March 24, 1809. His obituary in the Spectator says "that few 
men lived a more blameless life" . . . and that he had a "conscience void of 
offence." His widow Catherine died February 4, 1827, in her 69th year. 



324 CAPTAIN JOHN DARRAH. 

Captain Darrah became a member of the Marine Society in 1784. He 
married Susannah Waterbury, and had a son Duncan born April 12, 1786. For 
many years he was master of "the remarkable and fast sailing" sloop Ferret, 
trading between St. John, New Brunswick, New York, Bermuda, Kingston, 
Montego Bay and Turks Island in the West Indies. In 1788 he kept a grocery 
store. In 1801 he was master of the schooner Vktorx trading to Jamaica. At 
the annual meeting of the Society in November, 1804, it was ordered tliat the 
expenses of Captain Darrah's funeral be paid by the Society, and in the accounts 
of the Managers, under date of December 14, it is so noted. On March 13, 
1809, our Treasurer refunded to his widow, Susannah, his subscription to the 
Saint Andrew's Hall Fund, made in 1785. 



202 BIOGRAPHICAL RllGISTER 1785 

325 CAPTAIN JAMES DEAS. 

Captain Deas was a native of Scotland and was probably the son of James 
Deas, a native of Alloa, who for twenty years or over was a periwig maker and 
hair dresser in New York, who remained loyal to the Crown, lost his property 
and returned to his old home in Alloa. Capt. Deas was a seafaring man and 
became a member of the Marine Society in 1789. In 1783 he was engaged in 
the grocery business at 63 Broad Street ; in 1789 he was a ship broker at 5 Front 
Street and in 1793 formed a copartnership with David Cation, a fellow member, 
and engaged in the auction business at 33 Wall St. His home was on Deas's 
Point, Weehawken, pleasantly situated on a knoll overlooking the river. He 
married Susan Ludlow of Rahway, N. J., was a member of the Wall Street 
Presbyterian Church and was ultimately buried in one of the vaults of the church. 
The famous duelling ground of Weehawken was on his property and being a man 
of peace whenever he scented a duel he would hurry to the place of meeting, 
rush in between the parties and by his snaviter in modo or fortitcr in re heal 
their wounded honour and establish peace. He ceded the ground on which 
this Society erected the monument to Alexander Hamilton. Capt. Deas died 
April 22nd, 1812. 



326 JOHN DONNAN. 

In 1784, John Donnan was junior member of the firm of Burke & Donnan, 
doing business in groceries and wines at 4 Beekman Slip. On November 1, 
1785, the firm was dissolved and Donnan continued the business, adding to the 
notice that he had "pickled herrings for sale". In March, 1786, he moved to 
216 Queen Street, near the Fly Market, and advertised his business as a whole- 
sale and retail grocery, adding that he would take in payment red and white 
oak hogshead and pipe staves. In July of the same year he removed from Queen 
Street to Cruger's Wharf, corner of Old Slip, and designated his business as 
"Cheap Grocery Store". On December 27, 1787, he married Betsy Dudley. 
In 1793 he advertised that he had commenced the business of bottling porter at 
60 Broad Street, four doors from City Hall, and solicited patronage for his 
"porter cellar." In May, 1749, he removed from Broad Street to 54 King Street, 
a little above Queen Street. He then kept a tavern in Broad Street and in 
1796 at 3 Lumber Street. His name does not appear in the directory thereafter. 
In 1796 Donnan was a recipient of the Society's bounty, one payment of £2 in 
June 1796 having the legend attached "no alteration having taken place in his 
circumstances." The following excerpt from the Minutes of the Society under 
date of November 30, 1796, probably the only one extant prior to 1835, was 
found among the Treasurer's vouchers. "On Motion Resolved that Ten pounds 
be given by the Society to John Donnan to assist him, being about to depart for 
the West Indies (signed) Geo. Johnston, Secy." L'nderneath appears John 
Donnan's signature acknowledging payment of the amount by George Douglas, 
Jun., Treasurer. 



178S SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 203 

327 SAMUEL DOUGLAS. 

Samuel Douglas, youngest of the four brothers who were at different times 
identified with New York, was a son of John Douglas of Newton-Douglas and 
Mary, daughter of James Heron of Penningham, Wigtownshire, and was born 
at Newton-Douglas, now Castle-Douglas. He was engaged in business in London 
and associated with his brothers James and William. In 1784 his brother 
George came to New York to establish himself and formed the firm of George 
and Samuel Douglas, locating at 233 Queen Street and engaging in the general 
dry goods business. Samuel came out in 1785 in the interests of the firm and 
while here was elected to honorary membership. The firm was dissolved January 
1st, 1787, and thereafter his name disappeared from any record in New York. 
He returned to London and occupied a house in America Square, and in 1787 
became a subscriber to the second or Edinburgh edition of Burns' Poems. He 
must have accumulated a fortune and retired from business some time before 
his death which occurred in Edinburgh April 12, 1824, and the Nczv York Ez'cnin^ 
Post of May 31st, 1824, describes him as "Samuel Douglas, Esq., of Netherlaw, 
youngest and last brother of the late Geo. Douglas of this City." 



328 WALTER FRAZER. 

Walter Frazer was a tailor doing business at 13 Maiden Lane and probably 
came from Falshope, Selkirkshire, as in his will he mentions his sister-german 
of that place. He married, September 18, 1784, Jamina Carter, who survived him. 
He died in May, 1793. 



329 JAMES GILCHRIST, M. D. 

Dr. Gilchrist, son of Adam Gilchrist, Senior, member 1784, and Mary 
llulcher, his wife, was bom in New York, February 4, 1762. When only seven- 
teen years of age, fired with military ardour and a warm enthusiasm for the 
.American cause, he obtained on June 23, 1779, a commission as Ensign in the 
5th Pennsylvania regiment, the same regiment which his brother Adam joined. 
He was promoted to be Lieutenant May 23, 1781, and retired, January 1, 1783. 
It is said that he distinguished himself by a coolness and bravery beyond his 
years. On retiring from the army he entered with equal ardour on the study 
of medicine. His Alma Mater has not been ascertained. Education in medicine 
in those days usually meant an apprenticeship with a practicing physician. On 
obtaining proficiency he accepted the appointment as surgeon on board an East 
Indiaman the Empress of China, Captain Green, and on his return he opened 
an office in 1785 at 66 Cherry Street in this City. He was here only a short 
time and migrated to South Carolina with the intention of engaging there in the 



204 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

practice of his profession. What war could not accomplish disease succeeded 
in doing, probably consumption, the frightful scourge of that time. He died at a 
place called Waccamaw in that State on the 14th of October, 1787, and in the 
twenty-sixth year of his age. He was a young man of pleasing appearance and 
fine accomplishments. — Heitman's Hist. Register; N. Y. Independent Journal. 



330 ROBERT GOURLAY. 

Robert Gourlay was probably a native of Falkirk, Stirlingshire. This is 
inferred from the will of his daughter, Isabella, who died at Xewburgh in 1804. 
Therein it is stated that her mother was Margaret Burns of Alloa, Clackmannan- 
shire, and that her uncle was John Gourlay, merchant in Falkirk. Mr. Gourlay 
probably came to New York in 1785. His wife opened a millinery shop at 
number 13 or 14 William Street, her name only appearing in the City Directory. 
In 1786 Robert's name appeared in the Nczv York Journal. In 1789 he had 
removed to No. 93 William Street, corner of Maiden Lane, and his name appeared 
in the Directory for the first time as "Storekeeper." As a matter of fact he dealt 
in dry goods and carpets, wholesale and retail, as appeared later. It was a case 
of "Creep, afore ye gang." In 1791 and thereafter until 1796, he enjoyed the 
dignity of "merchant." On March 18, 1796, he advertised in the Minen-a that 
he e.xpected to leave town on May 1st, and that he would sell out his stock for 
cash. The family moved to the village of Newburgh-on-the-Hudson, Orange 
County, New York, where Gourlay invested in considerable landed property. 
In 1798 he was one of the trustees of the Presbyterian Church of Nevvburgh. 
When his first wife died has not been ascertained, but when his daughter Isabella 
made her will in 1804, she mentioned her own mother as noted above and also 
her "mother-in-law," meaning step-mother, whose name was also Margaret. 
Gourlay had three sons, Archibald, Robert and James, and three daughters, 
Isabella, who died in 1804, Elizabeth, who died in 1837, and Christiania. Mr. 
Gourlay died in 1818, his will being admitted to probate at Goshen, Orange 
County, on August 4th of that year and his executor was Andrew Gifford, a 
fellow member, the families being on close terms of intimacy. Young Robert 
went into partnership in 1820 with John Noble Gifford, another member, who was 
a son of Andrew. Robert Gourlay, Junior, was born in New York, May 1st, 
1788. In the war of 1812 he became a captain in the 46th U. S. Infantry. He 
married in Newburgh in 1816, Maria de Witt Clinton, daughter of Charles 
Clinton, second son of General James ClintOn. In the Historical Papers of the 
Newburgh Historical Society it is there stated that Capt. Robert Gourlay was a 
son of Dr. Robert Gourlay, who came from Ireland with the Clintons and settled 
in Little Britain. This statement is incorrect and is probably an inference drawn 
from his marriage with a member of the Clinton family. Captain Gourlay gave up 
business in New York and moved back to Newburgh. There he had a store on 
Water Street and died October 3d, 1858. His widow died at the home of her 



785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 205 

iaughter, the wife of the Rev. John Brash, at South Amboy, New Jersey, June 
3rd, 1883. Mr. Brash was also a member of the Society. It is beheved that 
Robert Gourlay, Junior, also became a member in 1825, at the time his partner 
Jid, but if so the evidence was destroyed in the fire of 1835. 



531 ROBERT GRAHAM 

Robert Graham was a schoolmaster who opened an evening school in Novem- 
ber, 1784, in the "old City Hall" and styled himself "Writing Master and 
\ccountant." In the first City directory of 1786 his name appeared as "Grimes, 
Schoolmaster, 7 King Street." In 1789 and 1790 Graham & Johnston had an 
academy on Little Queen Street and in 1790 Mr. Graham had his own academy 
it 20 Nassau Street, while he lived next door at No. 18. In 1785 he subscribed 
flO towards the St. Andrew's Hall Fund, and when the money was returned to 
:he subscribers in 1794 Mr. Graham was paid in person. He must have been 
ocated then at some place near New York, but his movements have not been 
:raced beyond 1790. 



132 PATRICK HART 

Patrick Hart's name first appeared in the year 1777, when he imported a 
inc of goods by the Lilly, Captain Cochrane, and offered them for sale at Robert 
Bogie's store in Hanover Square. In 1779 he was located at 73 Queen Street 
jetwecn I'eck's Slip and Dover Street, where he sold tea, sugar, blankets, shoes, 
tc, while in 1781 Patrick Hart & Co. were located at 202 Queen Street, and in 
1783 at 11 Queen Street, and had added wines and dry goods to their line. It is 
>robable that Hart was a refugee from Virginia, who came North with Dunmore, 
nit no reference of that character has been noted. Hart must have left New 
^ork in 1785 and returned to Virginia, as he became an honorary or non-resident 
nember of the Society, giving that State as his domicile. From that date all trace 
)f him has been lost. 



333 ALEXANDER HOSACK 

Manager 1787-1789 

Alexander Hosack was born in Elgin, Morayshire, in 1736. He entered 
he army in the Artillery branch of the service and came out with General Am- 
lerst and distinguished himself at the capture of Louisburg in 1758. He probably 
settled in the country after the peace in 1763. In 1785 he was domiciled in New 
Vork. In 1786 his name appears in the first City directory as a woolen and 
linen draper at 78 William Street. In 1794 his address was 120 William Street 



206 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

and ill May of that year he "decHned business," that is, he retired from business. 
In 1796 "wishing more retirement," he offered his house for sale. He had 
married Jane Arden, daughter of Francis Arden, a New York merchant, and by 
her had four sons, David, William, Alexander and James, and one daughter Jane. 
All are mentioned in his will except James, who had probably died. As one of his 
executors was Robert Campbell, a lawyer in Hackensack, it is likely that when 
he "declined business" that he retired to the neighbourhood of that place and 
lived there until his death on January 9th, 1826, in his 90th year. His will was 
proved January 16th, 1826. His widow died at Morristown, N. J., on September 
30th, 1828, in her 87th year. 



334 CAPTAIN ROBERT HUNTER 

In 1785 there seem to have been two men named Captain Robert Hunter, 
one who had served with the American army in the Revolution, and the other 
who had served in the mercantile marine and as a British privateer. In tlie 
pamphlet of 1785 our member is designated "lumber merchant," in that of 1786 
as "Captain Robert," and in that of 1788 as "of the New York Militia." Robert 
Hunter, the lumber merchant, began business in New York at 20 Wall Street in 
the year 1784, as a licensed vendue and commission merchant. This property, 
opposite the Coffee House Bridge, Hunter had purchased. At that time he was 
a Captain in Lieut. Col. Burr's regiment of militia. Hunter seems also to have 
been a member of the fimi of Hunter, Oliver & Co., in the lumber business, which 
was dissolved May 26th, 1786, and which was carried on thereafter by Hunter. 
In 1790 he had removed his commission business from 20 Wall Street to 240 
Queen Street. In 1793 he formed a co-partnership with George Hunter, the firm 
becoming George Hunter & Co., at the same address. Captain Hunter was an 
adherent of the Scotch Church. In 1793 Dr. Mason, then a very young man, 
decided to abolish the usual Fast Day prior to Sacrament Sunday and Hunter 
wrote a scathing letter to the Advertiser of December 16, 1793. George Lindsay, 
who was then Clerk of the Session, replied. Hunter was threatened with being 
"read out of the Church" and he was eventually "excommunicated." An anony- 
mous writer in the Advertiser of the 18th December bitterly attacked Hunter and 
stated that he was "elated with the possession of wealth ; desirous of distinction 
but without abilities to attain it; and very unfit for the exercise of any important 
function either in church or state from a natural and cultivated impatience of 
control." The able writer of this diatribe showed that he was just as hot headed 
as Hunter. In 1798 one of this name, an innkeep>er, was a member of the 
Caledonian Society of that date, but so far as ascertained was not related to our 
member. On ]\Iarch 9th, 1799, the firm of George Hunter & Co.. composed of 
Robert, George and John Hunter, was dissolved, George entering into partner- 
ship with Thomas Major in the vendue and commission business, while John, 
who was a son of Robert, carried on the original business under the firm name 
of John Hunter & Co. Captain Hunter, having retired from business to his seat 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 207 

at Harlem, died there on Thursday, March 27th, 1800, in the 65th year of his 
age, and the funeral took place from the house of his son John, at 135 Greenwich 
Street. Heitman's Historical Register of Officers in the Continental Army in 
the Revolution states that Captain Robert Hunter who had served during the 
Revolution died May 7th, 1835. This officer served for many years in the Cus- 
tom House at New York. 



335 JOHN INGLIS 

John Inglis was probably a partner in the dry goods house of Riddell, Col- 
quhon & Co., a branch of a Glasgow house. When that firm went out of business 
Inglis came here from Glasgow and was its attorney to settle up its affairs, and 
on completion of his task returned to his home, his name appearing on the 
Honorary List of 1788. He may have been a brother of David Inglis, of Glas- 
gow, a well known calico printer of that period. In 1791 Inglis was at 5 Fly 
Market, his name appearing on the Assessment Roll of that year. In 1819 Mr. 
Inglis or one of the same name, was in New York, as he was then a witness to 
the will of James Thomson, member 1810, who was of the house of R. & J. 
Thomson & William Steele, in the dry goods business, the parent house being 
a Glasgow one and Inglis may have been connected with that firm. 



336 BENJAMIN KISSAM, M.D. 

Dr. Kissam, son of Benjamin Kissam an able lawyer of New York, was born 
in the year 1759. He entered Columbia College in 1775 and on graduating 
went to Edinburgh to study medicine. There he received his degree of M. D. 
and remained until 1784. He returned to America on the ship Eagle in August 
of that year, the voyage occupying six weeks, and the two hundred passengers 
aboard passed resolutions thanking him for his attention to them. In 1785 he 
became Professor in the Institute of Medicine, Columbia College, an office he held 
until 1792 when he resigned. He became a Trustee of the College in 1787. On 
January 10, 1786, he married Cornelia, daughter of Isaac Roosevelt, by whom 
he had two daughters, Emma C, who married Francis A. Livingston in 1817 
and Helena who married John L. Lefferts of New Utrecht, Long Island, in 1821. 
Dr. Kissam died at his residence in Greenwich (village), July 14, 1803, and his 
widow died at Rhinebeck, July 1, 1818. 



.337 CAPTAIN JAMES LAMR. 

Captain Lamb, a native of Scotland, was born in 1719. In 1760 he was 
located on "Rotten Row, next door but one to Samuel Loudon's" where he sold 
wines and liquors, tea and coffee; in 1767 he added "Scotch carpets and Carpet- 
ing" and from 1768 to 1770 his location was "Hunter's Quay," a more polite 



208 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

designation but the same location. In 1770 he advertised from Rotten Row that 
he wanted no more than thirty scholars to whom he would impart reading, writ- 
ing, merchants' accounts and navigation and stated that he had sixteen years' 
experience at sea as master and mate. From 1773 to 1777 he went to sea, probably 
owing to lack of business, and on the earlier date he became a member of the 
Marine Society. In his old age he probably had to eke out a precarious existence. 
The following advertisement lends colour to this surmise, 'Chocolate made and sold 
by James Lamb at No. 87 Fair (Fulton) Street, corner of Dutch Street, also 
a salve commonly known by the name of Mrs. Jandin's Salve, its usefulness has 
been known in this city near a century ; it is made up in rolls, two shillings each." 
Perhaps some of our medical members can identify this salve. Mary Jandin 
was the name of his wife whom he married in 1766. He died in New York Sep- 
tember 17th, 1787, and his obituary says that he "came to the country when young 
and lived in this city many years with reputation; he possessed many virtues 
and passed through life without noise and bustle ; his piety and friendly disposi- 
tion recommended him to the esteem of his friends." His widow lived for many 
years at 6 Mill Street. 



338 PETER LAURIE. 

Nothing has been discovered concerning this member otlier than that he 
was in New York in 1785, his signature appearing on the Saint Andrew's Hall 
Subscription list, but his contribution of £5 was returned in 1794 to Colin Mac- 
Gregor. He may have been the "Peter Louri, Jeweller" who became a Freeman 
of the City on December 3rd, 1751, who, during the Revolution, may have returned 
to London. While here in 1785 he received Honorary membership in the Society. 



339 PHILIP PHILIP LIVINGSTON. 

Philip Philip Livingston was the oldest son of Philip "the Signer" and was 
born in Albany, May 28th, 1741, (O. S.) He went to the West Indies locating 
in Kingston, Surrey County, Jamaica. There he married Sarah Johnson of the 
Parish of St. Andrew on June 29, 1768. He became a member of the Assembly 
of the Island. In 1784 he was in New York at 185 Water Street settling up his 
father's estate. He died in New York November 2, 1787, "greatly respected and 
universally lamented" and his will, proved March 28, 1788, mentions his wife 
Sarah, his children Philip Henry, George, Catherine, Christina, Sarah, Edward 
and Jasper Hall. His widow died November 6, 1802. 

[The name of the above nozvherc appears on our Records, but it docs 
appear in the list of membership published in the first City directory of 
1786, and is therefore included. Members of the same name and of a 
later date icere supposed to be dupli^catcs of the one preceding and were 
omitted. This has been established by the recently discovered 
pamphlets. ] 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 209 

340 ROBERT GILBERT LIVINGSTON. 

Robert G. Livingston, Jr., was the eldest son of Robert Gilbert and Cath- 
arine (McPheadres) Livingston and was baptized April 2, 1749. In 1771 he 
was engaged in the dry goods trade in Dock Street, "Next door to Messrs. Hugh 
& Alexander Wallace, near the Coffee House." In July, 1773, he announced that 
he had "declined trade and intended leaving the city." On August 23, 1775, he 
was Colonel and Deputy Adjutant-General in the Northern Army under General 
Schuyler and also Major of Minute men in Dutchess County. Whether or not 
he saw any service during the war is unknown. He was a member of the Pro- 
vincial Congress 1775-76. He was apprehended by the Committee of Rhinebeck 
precinct and sent to Fishkill with proofs of disloyalty to the American cause. 
John Jay presided at the examination and Livingston was ordered to gaol at 
Kingston. He was subsequently granted a rehearing in January 1777 and the 
Committee concluded that he had failed to prove his innocence but, as he was 
willing to take the oath of allegiance to the State, it was ordered that he should 
be reprimanded and, on taking the oath, discharged. After the war he engaged 
in a general business under the firm name of Barnes & Livingston at No. 2 
Cruger's Dock. The firm dissolved in January, 1786, and Livingston removed to 
No. 7 corner of King and Queen Streets. The business seems to have been 
principally ironmongery and kindred goods. On the death of his father in 1789 
he offered for sale their beautiful country seat at Corlear's Hook and he removed 
to Mr. Minthorn's in the "Bouerie Lane, near the two mile stone." He subse- 
quently resided at Red Hook on the Hudson. He died March 12, 1791. — 
Stevens, The Press, etc. 



341 SAMUEL LOUDON. 

Samuel Loudon was born in Scotland in 1727. He established himself in 
New York as a ship-chandler alx)ut 1753, and in January, 1756, married Sarah 
Oakes. About 1772 he became a bookseller. In 1775 he bought the interest of 
the senior partner in the business of Hodge & Shober, which the latter had then 
just purchased from his partner, but the firm of Shober & Loudon had a brief 
existence. Before the end of the same year Loudon bought out Shober and 
became sole proprietor of the establishment. In January, 1776, he began The 
New York Packet which he conducted on Whig principles. Loudon, tho' a 
zealous Presbyterian and warm republican, undertook to print a pamphlet in 
answer to Common Sense and accordingly advertised in all the papers its speedy 
appearance. The Whigs became alarmed and a "meeting was summoned, the 
parties met, and after swallowing a sufficient quantity of Rumbo (at the house 
of Jasper Drake, a tavern-keeper upon the dock) about twelve at night they 
sallied forth, headed by Alexander McDougall, John Morin Scott, Isaac Sears, 
John Lamb, Peter R. Livingston, the brother-in-law and John Smith and Joshua 
Hett Smith, full brothers of William Smith, and a few other warm inveterate 



210 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 178S 

republicans attacked the house of the printer, broke open the doors, pulled him 
out of his bed, and forcibly seized upon and destroyed the whole impression with 
the original manuscript." On the approach of the British in 1776 Loudon re- 
moved to Fishkill in a sloop and continued the publication of his newspaper there 
until the close of the war enabled him to return safely to New York City. His 
wife Sarah Oakes must have died in Fishkill and there he must have married 
his second wife, Lydia Griswold, sister of Governor Matthew Griswold of Con- 
necticut. This second wife died in 1788. In February, 1792 he began The Diary 
or Loudon's Register, a daily paper which had not a very long existence. In 
1776 Loudon printed in folio an edition of The Charter of the City of Ne^v York. 
and in the following year became for a short time State Printer, and during this 
period printed the first edition of Tlie Constitution of the State of N'ezi* York, 
Fishkill, 1777. In 1783 he printed the notorious Newburgh letters in a pam- 
phlet called A Collection of Papers relating to Half Pay to the Officers of the 
Army, which were several times reprinted. In 1784 he published Alexander 
Hamilton's Letters from Phocion and a report of the famous case of Rutgers vs 
Waddington. Among his later publications were The Lazn's of the City of New 
York, and another edition of the City Charter granted by Governor Montgomerie, 
both of which appeared in 1786. In 1787 he took his son John into partnership, 
and about 1792 retired from business. During his career he was for long a 
storm centre and perforce had many friends and many enemies. The Nczi' York 
Gazetteer in one of its issues applied the following epigram to him: 

"To good and evil equal bent 

He's both a devil and a saint." 
He died at Middletown Point, N. J., February 24th, 1813. — HUdeburn's Printers 
and Printing in Neiu York; the Press. 



342 MAJOR-GENERAL ALEXANDER McDOUGALL. 

Ronald McDougall, father of our member, came to New York with Capt. 
Lachlan Campbell about 1740 bringing his family with him, and in 1755 was 
engaged in business and also owned a farm in the upper part of Manhattan 
Island. His son Duncan attended to the farm. Alexander was born in the parish 
of Kildalton in the Island of Islay in 1731. The father, being a religious man, 
intended to give Alexander an education to fit him for the ministry but the son 
determined to become a sailor and at the age of fourteen went to sea. During 
the French war he commanded the privateers Barrington and Tyger and ac- 
cumulated a moderate fortune. At the close of the war he went into trade and 
in 1763 advertised sugar and rum for sale at Samuel Loudon's on Hunter's Quay. 
At the same time he gave himself to study and made "very singular advancement 
in the cultivation of his mind." On September 26, 1767, he married Hannah, 
daughter of the Rev. David Bostwick, Minister of the First Presbyterian Church 
of New York. He early became an active member of the "Sons of Liberty" 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 211 

and was arrested in February, 1770, on a charge of being the author of the 
Address to the Betrayed Inhabitants of New York, and on refusing to give bail 
was committed to prison. He was regarded by his friends as another Wilkes, 
and number 45, the number of the North Briton, for writing which Wilkes was 
prosecuted, became the watchword of McDougall's sympathizers. In December 
following he was again arraigned at the bar of the Assembly on the same charge 
and was defended by George Clinton. It was not until the Assembly was pro- 
rogued on March 4, 1771, that he was liberated. In March, 1775, he was a member 
of the Provincial Convention, and was renominated as one of the candidates for 
the Continental Congress at Philadelphia, but was not elected. In the same year 
he received a commission as Colonel of the 1st New York regiment and rose in 
1776 to the rank of Brigadier-General, and in the following year was present 
at the battle of Germantown. In 1777 he was appointed Major-General. and 
in 1778 superseded Putnam in the Command of the Highlands. After the flight 
of Arnold he was put in charge of West Point, October 5, 1780. In 1783 he 
was elected to the New York Senate and continued a member of that body until 
his death. He became President of the Society of the Cincinnati, of the Marine 
Society and of the Rank of New York. He died June 8th, 1786, leaving a son 
and daughter. One who knew him stated that he "possessed great presence of 
mind, was methodical and connected in the arrangement of his ideas, wrote well, 
spoke, though with some impediment, yet with tolerable ease, and had great fire 
and vehemence without hurry or precipitation." In 1894 a tablet to his memory 
was placed in the First Presbyterian Church of New York and a duplicate in 
the parish church of Kildalton, Islay. His grandson John McDougall Laurance 
joined the Society in 1798. — Colonial Documents; Appleton; etc., etc. 



343 COLIN MacGREGOR. 

Mr. MacGregor's usual signature was "Coll. MacGregor" and by this name 
was he known. Since his day, however, his signature has misled historians, some 
of whom take it that Coll meant Colonel. His name was plain Colin, as given 
above, and this is established by many business advertisements in the New York 
newspapers of his day. In 1785 he was a merchant at 31 Hanover Square, and 
must have been then a man of substance. In the Minerva of March 28, 1797, 
he furnished his confreres with a bit of autobiography worth quoting. "I came 
to this country 16 years ago (1781) respectably established myself in business; 
and I have the vanity to think that I have lived in it with a reputation unsullied 
ever since .... I have sprung from a family not given to lying, and from a 
country whose natives are not addicted to running or gasconading." Modest and 
perfervid Scot. He did not confine himself strictly to his own business, but oc- 
casionally speculated in lands, especially soldiers' land grants, one of his pur- 
chases in 1785 being ore lands in the Adirondacks for which he paid £500. At 
his death it was found that he had very large interests in lands. In 1791 he had 



212 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

removed to 223 Queen Street, and in 1793 to 52 Wall Street, where he offered 
for sale Muscovado sugar from St. Lucia. In 1794 he offered for sale 6,000 
acres of land in the "Katts Kill Patent" and at that time was located at 28 Wall 
Street. In 1795 he was a member of the Grand Jury and he signed as Secretary 
a presentment on the filthy condition of the streets. In 1797 he was located at 
49 Vesey Street, and the following year at 108 Greenwich Street. This latter 
year he received Honorary membership in the Saint Andrew's Society of Phila- 
delphia. He was a member of the Chamber of Commerce and frequently served 
on the monthly Arbitration Committee of that body. In December, 1798, he ad- 
vertised for sale property in Bowery Lane, in Greenwich Street, and farm lands 
throughout the State, "Intending for Europe." His intentions, however, were 
never carried out as he became bankrupt in 1799. He died February 24th, 1801, 
and was buried from Alexander MacGregor's house, 190 Pearl Street. His 
daughter. Ann, had married Duncan MacGregor, a native of Glasgow, who 
settled in Amsterdam, New York, and had a son named Alexander. 



344 ARCHIBALD McLEAN. 

Manager 1794-1795. 

Archibald McLean was a native of Glasgow. In 1783 John and Archibald 
McLean, presumably brothers, issued from Hanover Square, McLeans Indepen- 
dent Journal. In it appeared the first numbers of The Federalist which has been 
said to be "the greatest treatise of government that has ever been written." In 
1786 Archibald had a book store and printing establishment at 231 Queen Street. 
In 1789 John died and thereafter Archibald seems to have been alone. In 1793 
his headquarters was at the "Franklin's Head" Hanover Square. In 1797 he 
became associated with John Lang at 116 Pearl Street as publishers of the Nezu 
York Gas^tte and General Advertiser. He died of yellow fever September 22nd, 
1798, and one of his contemporaries gives the following trite sample of the 
necrology of the period. On noting the death the newspaper added that "as an 
old and respectable character in a puMic line, nothing by way of encomium is 
necessary." No wonder so many early prominent New Yorkers sank into ob- 
scurity 



345 JOHN McLEAN. 

John McLean was probably also born in Glasgow. He was associated for 
a time with Archibald in publishing McLeans Independent Journal. He removed 
to Norfolk, Virginia, where he engaged in business as a Printer and Bookseller 
and may have gone into the newspaper business also but this has not been as- 
certained. He died there May 18, 1789, at the age of 32 years, and the notice of 
his death states that he was proprietor of the New York Daily Ga::ettc. 



178S SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 213 

346 JOHN MASON, D.D. 

Chaplain 1786-1793. 

Dr. Mason was born in Linlithgow in the year 1734. liis early training 
was nnder the influence of the Associate or Secession Church of Scotland. When 
it became divided in 1746 he became identified with the Anti-Burgher party and 
pursued his studies at Abernethy. At the age of 20 he spoke Latin and at 24 
he was Assistant-Professor in Logic and Moral Philosophy there. In 1761 he 
was ordained and sent to New York to take charge of the Cedar Street Church, 
afterwards known as the Scotch Church. Believing the causes which divided 
the Presbyterians in Scotland did not exist in this country, he laboured for their 
union into one denomination. Although suspended by the Scottish Synod he 
persevered and in June 1782 a general union of the Reformed Presbyterians was 
effected under the title of "The Associate Reformed Church," and of this body 
Dr. Mason was the first Moderator. He received the degree of D.D., from 
Princeton in 1786, of which college he was a Trustee. During the Revolution 
he was appointed from the State of New Jersey, Chaplain in the Continental 
army, subsequently Chaplain of the 3rd (Gansevoort's) New York Continentals 
on November 21st, 1776, and later was made Chaplain to the posts along the 
Hudson. West Point seems to have been his residence in 1780. His first wife 
Catherine died June 5th, 1784. He married secondly on December 12, 1786, 
Sally Van Alstyne. There is a mural tablet commemorating his ministry on the 
wall of the Scotch Church. He died in New York, April 19th, 1792. — Applcton; 
the Crisis of the Revolution; ct al. 



347 JAMES MILLIGAN. 

Notwithstanding his prominence in the national government this member 
has not been definitely traced and identified. The following appointments have 
been ascertained from the Records of the Treasury at Washington : July 25, 
1775, to March 9, 1776, to sign Continental money; July 26, 1776, Commissioner 
of Accounts; December, 1777, Commissioner for Auditing Claims; February 3, 
1778, Conmiissioner of Claims; November 5, 1779, Member Chamber of Ac- 
counts; November 9, 1779, Auditor General; October 13, 1781, Comptroller; 
November 1, 1787, Office of Comptroller discontinued. In 1768 Milligan, then 
of Fort Pitt, became a non-resident member of the Philadelphia Saint Andrew's 
Society, a resident member thereof and its Secretary in 1772, resigning from 
that Society in 1801. In June 1772 Milligan was in London testifying before 
a committee of the Board of Trade, and on February of that year made a sworn 
statement before the Lord Mayor relative to the number of settlers on the other 
side of the Allegheny Mountains, evidently giving the result of his experience 
while at Fort Pitt. What position Milligan occupied there has not come to our 
knowledge. Joseph Nourse, writing to Major-Gcneral Gates in 1779 from Phila- 



214 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

delphia, calls Milligan a "Scotchman Man" and assumed that Gates could not 
have had him in mind when directing Nourse not to use any Scotchman in 
transmitting his correspondence, thereby showing that Gates looked upon them 
all as likely to be Loyalists while Nourse knew Milligan could be depended upon. 
While Congress sat in New York Milligan became a member of this Society. 
In January, 1801, Milligan was elected a director of the Insurance Company of 
North America. One of this name was a member of the Cincinnati of South 
Carolina through his services from 1777 to 1783 as Lieutenant in Pennsylvania 
regiments in the Revolution. He may have been a son of Dr. George Milligan 
of Ayrshire, Surgeon of the Three Independent Companies of Foot located at 
South Carolina in the year 1756, and Surgeon of the Royal Garrison at the 
Revolution. 



348 JAMES MITCHELL. 

James Mitchell, of the firm of James Mitchell & Co., of Glasgow, came to 
New York to open a branch business. He established the firm of Riddell, Col- 
quhoun & Co., but this firm had but a brief existence being wound up November 
3, 1786. Whatever interests James Mitchell & Co., of Glasgow had in New 
York were assigned to Samuel Kerr and Peter McDougall, Alexander Riddell 
signing for the company. Mitchell's name did not appear in the published list 
of 1788, showing that he must have been a transient. The Mitchells of Glasgow 
were prominent merchants there. 



349 JOHN MUNRO. 

John Munro was a merchant in Jamaica, West Indies, and while in New 
York received Honorary membership. Mackenzie's History of the Munros makes 
no mention of this individual. 



350 JOHN MURRAY. 

Manager 1798-1788. 

John Murray was the son of John Murray, termed "the Good", a native of 
Perthshire, and was born in the town of Swataca, Pa., in 1738. Early in life 
he came to New York and entered the counting house or store of an elder brother, 
Robert, with whom he was at a later period associated in partnership under the 
name of Robert & John Murray. The firm was later continued under the styles 
Murray & Sansom, John Murray, John Murray & Son, and John Murray & 
Sons. He was a man of quiet and unobtrusive manners, and plain and simple 
habits, particularly averse to display of any kind ; as a citizen among the foremost 



785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 215 

n the support of all the religious and philanthropic institutions of the day, in his 
-eligious belief a Presbyterian and for many years an elder in Dr. Rodgers" 
rhurch. As a business man he was comprehensive in his view, of strict integrity 
md successful. He took no prominent part in public afifairs and is not known 
;ver to have held an office. In his political opinions he was a Federalist and 
miong his intimate friends were Rufus King and Alexander Hamilton. He 
aecame a member of the Chamber of Commerce in 1779, its Vice-President in 
1788 and President from 1798 to 1806. He and his brother remained neutral 
luring the war and were distinguished for their kindness and hospitality to the 
prisoners of war. John was a director of the Missionary Society, treasurer of 
he Charity Society, trustee of the City Dispensary, director of the United States 
Bank in 1804, treasurer of the New York Hospital in 1792 and director of the 
Bank of New York in 1792. Scoville says that at one period of his life he was on 
he verge of bankruptcy but was saved by drawing the highest prize in a lottery, 
scoville also says that Murray owned all Murray Hill and that it was named 
ifter him. His brother Robert, however, owned "Inclenberg'' or "Inclinbarrack'' 
n 1770, a farm three and a half miles from the city where Mrs. Robert Murray 
mtertained Lord Howe after the Battle of Long Island. John Murray died from 
yphus fever at his house in Pearl Street on October 11, 1808, aged 70 years. — 
^ortrait Gallery Chamber of Commerce ; Old Mercfiants of Nezu York; Com- 
nercial Advertiser; etc. 



551 PETER OGILVIE. 

Peter Ogilvie was a son of William Ogilvie, a cordwainer or manufacturer 
md dealer in leather, who had removed from New York to Haverstraw and died 
here in 1785. Ogilvie studied law and on October 22, 1774, was admitted to the 
iar. In 1787 he was appointed Judge of the Court of Probate. He married 
\nn de Witt and by her had six children, William, Ann (who married Dr. Daniel 
Proudfit), Catharine, Peter (b. Nov. 21, 1786), Maria (who married William 
rialsey) and James. Judge Ogilvie died at Hanover, N. J., July 11, 1831, aged 
52 and his wife died November 27, 1848, aged 90. 



552 FRANCIS PANTON. 

Francis Panton was born in Aberdeen in the year 1742, and probably be- 
onged to the family of Panton of Pitmedden. In July 1761 he married Mary 
"ampbell and in September 1763 he took as his second wife Jane Helme. He 
served as a storekeeper with the army in New York prior to the Revolution, 
jeneral Robertson certifying to this fact, and in a petition to the government 
n 1775 for a grant of 2,000 acres of land in Charlotte County he is there styled 
'late Staff Officer." He received 2,000 acres in Chester, Warren County, N. Y. 



216 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

He is next found as First Lieutenant in the New York Militia in 1776. He seems 
to have severed his connection with the army for in 1778 he was engaged in the 
haberdashery business at 35 Wall Street, second door from the Coffee House. 
He did not confine his trade to men's furnishings but also kept a line of goods 
attractive to the ladies. His contribution of £10 towards the Saint Andrew's 
Hall Fund shows that he was a man of substance. One reference in 1791 styled 
him "Wigmaker" which may very well be. One of this name, a "Peruke Maker," 
became a Freeman of New York, February 3, 1761, and were he our member 
he would have then been in his twentieth year. His last address was 59 Wall 
Street which he owned. He died of yellow fever September 23, 1798, aged 
56 years, leaving his widow, Jane Helme, and, so far as known, two sons, Francis 
and Henry Helme Panton. His widow died December 27, 1816, in her 74th 
year. He was probably a brother or cousin of the Rev. George Panton, who 
took his M. A. in Aberdeen and was ordained in 1773 by some Scottish or 
English Bishop, returning to New Jersey and later to New York and after the 
Revolution, with other loyalists, departing to Nova Scotia in 1782, and to England 
in 1786, where he died. Francis, son of our member, died in New York City, 
May 7, 1841, aged 71 years. — Albany Land Papers; Scott. N. & Q.; the Press. 



353 WILLIAM PATRICK. 

William Patrick was the son of James of Shotts, Ayrshire, and Anne, daugh- 
ter of William Shedden, of Auchingree and Kerse, Ayrshire. He became a 
resident of Virginia and was a partner in the firm of Shedden, Patrick & Co., 
of New York, probably only so far as the Southern business was concerned. 
John Patrick, his third cousin, was the New York partner and both were related 
to William and Robert Shedden. His death took place at his residence. Smith- 
fields, Va., January 13, 1806. 



354 ANDREW PICKEN. 

On October 3, 1785, Andrew Picken, a native of Stewarton, in Ayrshire, 
with his wife and two children, landed from the packet ship N.e7v York and im- 
mediately advertised himself as "lately from Britain" and informed the public 
that he had opened a dancing school at No. 1 Smith Street. On joining the 
Society he subscribed £10 towards Saint Andrew's Hall, probably by way of 
getting favour among his Scottish compatriots, but he was sufficiently thoughtful 
of the Treasurer in that he saved him the trouble of returning the money by never 
making good his subscription. In January, 1786, Picken held a public dance at 
Cape's which seemed to have been well patronized. His wife is said by a 
descendant to have been a daughter of Sir Charles Burdett and her mother a 
daughter of the Earl of Wyndham. Burke does not confirm these statements. 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 217 

It is further said that the marriage was a clandestine one and that Mrs. Picken 
vainly attempted a reconciliation with her father and in consequence concluded 
to come to America. In April, Picken's domestic trouhles appeared on the 
surface for he warned the public to "credit no one on his account." In June, 
affairs reached a climax as the following statement to the public shows, and as it 
is curious now-a-days, altho' far from uncommon then, it is given in full. 

"June 26, 1786, the Character of the Subscriber having been publicly de- 
famed, on Thursday and Saty last, in Child's newspaper; in order to vindicate 
himself, he is under the disagreeable necessity of submitting the outlines of his 
case to public consideration. He declares that on the first day of Feby, 1782, 
he was lawfully married in Inverary, in Great Britain to Mary Wyndham Bur- 
dett ; that they have lived happily together until the month of April last, and 
that he had had two children, a boy and a girl, who reside with him — 
That Richard Quirick, who now stiles himself Richard Richards Cusiac, found 
means to seduce his said wife, and caused her to elope with him from her husband 
to Philadelphia in April last — That the subscriber being informed that he had 
retd to this city, caused him to be arrested for the lawless inroad he had made in 
the peace of his family — That although he has not, nor is it possible he should 
ever again receive this unfortunate woman; he conceives it a duty he owes to the 
community and himself, to punish Quirick, in order that happier families may, 
by this public example, be preserved from similar attempts of unprincipled men. 

(signed) Andrew Picken." 

An earlier veiled notice in the newspapers described Picken as a "gentleman 
of good character" and his wife as "a remarkably little fair woman ... of a 
genteel education and family, who went off with a low-bred clown, a hatter by 
trade, and a native of Ireland." What happened to Quirick or Cusiac has not been 
ascertained. On October 25th of the same year, another daughter, Janet, was born 
to this unhappy couple and this may have led to a reconciliation. Picken re- 
mained in New York teaching the young of both sexes, and his dancing school 
seems to have been quite fashionable. He died in 1796 and the wayward Mary 
was appointed administratrix of his estate, November 2nd, 1796. Their daughter, 
Sarah Jane married a Rabbi of Richmond, Virginia. 

[Appeared in History as Andreiv Perkins; subscription boob, in pos- 
session of the Society, contains the signature of Andn^v Picken.] 



355 GEORGE REID. 

George Reid, then of Charleston, South Carolina, on coming to New York 
to be married to a Miss Breck, received honorary metubership in the Society. 
Scoville in his Old Mcrch<ints of Nctv York states that sisters of Mrs. Reid 
married John Lloyd Aspinwall and W. H. Aspinwall. In 1792 Reid became 
a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of Charleston. In July, 1805, he was 
appointed by the Batavian Republic, Consul for the States of South Carolina and 



218 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

Georgia. In the thirties of last century the firm of George Reid & Co., of Port 
of Spain, Trinidad, represented there the interests of the Dennistouns of Glasgow. 
Mr. William Wood, one of our Presidents, who was related to the Dennistouns, 
was a partner in this firm. Whether or not this George Reid was our member 
of 1785 or his son or in fact related, has not been determined. 



356 ROBERT ROBERTSON. 

Robert Robertson was a brother of Alexander Robertson, the Treasurer. 
He was born in Edinburgh, April 6th, 1740. In his younger days he probably 
went to sea. On February 7th, 1769, he was admitted a Freeman of the City 
and designated "Gentleman." His brother Alexander was admitted the same 
year. He was engaged in the dry goods and carpet business with his son of 
the same name, first at 71> William Street and later at 132 William Street. In 
1789 the firm became insolvent but made a settlement. In December, 1795, they 
were burned out and this seemed to be the climax of their misfortunes. In 
1798 his son Robert died of yellow fever. Robert Robertson died at 285 Green- 
wich Street, November 6, 1805, and was buried in Trinity Church yard. 



357 WILLIAM ROBERTSON. 

William Robertson was a son of Alexander, Treasurer of the Society. In 
September, 1788, it was reported from Philadelphia that he had died at sea on his 
passage from London to that port on board the packet ship Harmony and at 
the early age of 22 years. 



358 JOSHUA SANDS. 

Joshua Sands was the son of John and Elizabeth (Cornwall) Sands and 
was born at Sands Point, October 12, 1757. At the age of fifteen he became a 
clerk in the city until 1776 when Colonel Trumbull persuaded him to accept a 
situation in the office of the Commissary-General of the American army. In 
June, 1780. he married Ann Ayscough, daughter of Dr. Richard Ayscough of 
the British anny. In 1783 the firm of Comfort & Joshua Sands was formed 
and carried on business at 50 Queen Street, their line being European goods, 
ironmongery and cutlery. In 1784 they advertised their willingness to accept in 
payment "New York Depreciation Certificates, State Agents Certificates, New 
York State money, Morris & Hillegas's Notes and light gold." In 1784 Joshua 
joined the Chamber of Commerce. The firm remained in business until 1794 
when it dissolved. In 1792 he was appointed Collector of the Port and was 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 219 

removed by Jefferson in 1801. He was a vestryman of Trinity, 1784-92; Director 
and President of the Merchants Bank; State Senator, 1792-99; Congressman, 
1803-5, 1825-7; and President of the Board of Trustees of Brooklyn. Sands 
Street in Brooklyn was called after him, for in 1801 he organized a great rope 
walk there, the first and most extensive cordage works, erected wharves and 
identified himself thereafter with that town. He died in Brooklyn, September 
13, 1835. — Thompson's Long Island; Scoville; etc., etc. 



359 DAVID SETH, M.D. 

Dr. Seth arrived in New York in May, 1784, and located at 56 WilHam 
Street, and in his advertisement described himself as "late from Edinburgh". 
In 1789, lie located at 47 Nassau Street opposite the "Brick Meeting" and ad- 
vertised as "Physician and man midwife." He seems to have had no head for 
business and liad to make an assignment in 1792 to Roljert Hyslop, who advertised 
for a missing Daily Charge Book covering a period of eighteen months. Dr. Seth 
disappeared from New York after that date and no further reference has been 
found. 



360 CHARLES SMITH. 

Charles Smith, when he joined the Society, was a member of the firm of 
James Buchanan & Co., doing business at the corner of Water and DePuyster 
Streets. Buchanan, who died in 1786, was a native of Montrose and unmarried. 
He made Smith his executor "confiding and relying upon his proved integrity 
and honour." In 1790, the firm became Charles Smith & Co., then at 2 Ver- 
letenbergh Street. In 1794 they located definitely at 130 Pearl Street where they 
remained until 1811 when they removed to No. 1 Beaver Street. Smith died 
March 22, 1813, in his 75th year. His will practically left all he possessed to 
Robert Adie of Dundee, and his family. This Robert Adie had married Charles 
Smith's niece, Margaret. 



361 JAMES SMITH. 

James Smith belonged to Kirkcudbright, and is believed to have been a 
ship master and probably the father of James R. Smith. As there were several 
of that name it is impossible now to differentiate between them. The inference 
to be drawn from the data collected is that Smith was not only a ship captain, 
but a ship chandler with a store at No. 41 Wall Street, that he gave up business, 
and being in good standing in the Society and intending to return to Kirkcud- 
bright, claimed, and according to custom, received Honorary membership. 



220 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

362 JAMES R. SMITH. 

Manager 1795-96; 1804-11. 

James Smith was born in Scotland in the year 1757. He probably came to 
New York about 1785, no reference of an earher date having been found. In 
that year he subscribed towards the Saint Andrew's Hall Fund. He may have 
been the James Smith of the firm of Robertson, Smith & Co. which dissolved 
July 25, 1788. His name appears in the directory of 1789 for the first time and 
at 15 Queen Street, engaged in the dry goods business, where he remained until 
1794, his address then becoming 211 Pearl Street, probably the same location. 
On October 6, 1790, he notified the public that he intended to assume "R" as a 
middle initial in order to distinguish him from others. If "R" meant anything it 
meant Robertson in compliment to Alexander Robertson who had given his son 
Robert the middle name of Smith, altho' in the Old Merchants of New York it 
is said that it meant red after his complexion. The Robertsons were known as Rua, 
Roy or Red. This addition to his name may have been taken in deference to the 
wishes of his bride, Hannah Caldwell, daughter of the Rev. James Caldwell, of 
Elizabethtown, N. J., of Revolutionary fame, whom he married at Philadelphia, 
in October, 1790. In 1791 he was a Captain in the 4th Regiment of New York 
Militia. For many years he was located at 211 Pearl Street. In 1796 he took 
Albert WyckofT into partnership, and this connection continued up to April 2, 
1804, when it was dissolved, WyckofT forming a new partnership with Robert 
Smith Robertson, our Treasurer's son. In 1811 Smith removed to 53 Broadway, 
but whether he occupied this for business purposes as well as residence has not 
been determined. He had a country seat, which he named "Walnut Hill," on the 
Orange Road near Newark, and which in his will he designates his homestead. 
He was a member of the Chamber of Commerce, owned two shares in the Tontine 
Coflfee House, and subscribed for two shares of Bank of New York stock. In his 
will he left lands in Ulster County, New York, to the Scotch Presbyterian Church 
in Cedar Street, part of which was to establish a fund for the benefit of the poorer 
members of the church and to be known as the "Lord's Fund for His Poor People." 
The income of this fund was to be laid out in fuel and provisions for the poor. 
He also left a similar bequest to the Theological Seminary of the Associate Re- 
formed Church for the education and maintenance of poor and pious youths. Mr. 
Smith died June 4th, 1817, in his 61st year. His widow married secondly the 
Rev. Dr. John R. B. Rodgers and died February 20th, 1825. Mr. Smith was 
survived by his son James, his daughters, Elizabeth, Janet and Hannah and a sister 
Margaret in Scotland, wife of James Dyson. His brother Dunbar Smith had 
predeceased him. 



363 CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH. 

Captain Smith, a mariner hailing from Greenock, received Honorary mem- 
bership in the Society. One of this name became a member of the Marine Society 



785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 221 

)n November 8th, 1784. One John Smith, a mariner, died intestate and Letters 
)f Administration were granted to his father-in-law Walter Nichols on July 7, 
797. Could our member have been the Captain Smith of the Nancy with whom 
Jurns expected to sail from Greenock in 1786 when intending to go to Jamaica: 



164 JAMES ALEXANDER STEWART. 

James Stewart was a son of Alexander Stewart, the wine merchant, nienibet 
1773. As the City grew and names were duplicated James Stewart, like many 
)f his contemporaries, found it necessary to add a middle initial to his name 
md in 1790 he adopted the initial "A," indicating that he was the son of Alex- 
mder. This change of name has in many instances made it difficult to identify 
I member as one invariably started on the wrong track. In 1771 he was in 
partnership in the shipchandlery business with his brother Alexander. In 1778 
\ firm of the same name was engaged in business at Hacketts Town, Sussex 
bounty, New Jersey. James of this firm was accused by the Commissioners 
jf having joined, aided or assisted the British Army while at Staten Island under 
[iowe and was arrested and sent to Pennsylvania, confined in prison there and his 
jstate in New Jersey confiscated. This individual was a native of New Jersey, 
jut whether or not he was identical with our member has not been determined. 
From 1784 onward James was a member of several firms, Randall Son & Stew- 
arts ; Stewart & Jones ; and on his own account. The first two firms were friendly 
:ompetitors as shipchandlers, ironmongers, etc., but on opposite sides of the town 
is if to catch the trade of both rivers. From 1796 onward James seems not to 
liave been active, living quietly in his home No. 16 Broad Street or on his estate 
it Bloomingdale. His store opposite the Coffee House he desired to be kept 
in the family and so directed in his will. On May 9th, 1771, he married Sarah, 
daughter of John Schermerhorn, by whom he had two sons, John James and 
William James, the only children mentioned in his will. Mr. Stewart died at 
his seat at Bloomingdale, February 11th, 1813, at the age of seventy years and 
iiis wife Sarah died in April of the following year. 



365 JOHN THOMSON. 

This member was of the firm of Thomson & Reid engaged in the dry goods 
and ship chandlery business. In March, 1783, they advertised that they intended 
positively to go to Britain that Spring and in July of the same year, while at 28 
Little Dock Street, they advertised that they intended leaving the city. In June, 
1784, they were still doing business and were then located at 20 Water Street. 
The published list of 1785 described him as "Merchant, Water Street," while 
the list of 1788 described him as "Junior" meaning the younger in membership 



222 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

of the two men of that name. In 1785 he subscribed £3.4.0. sterHng to the Saint 
Andrew's Hall Fund. No reference in the newspapers subsequent to June, 1784, 
has been found. 

[This appeared heretofore as "John Thomson, Honorary, West Indies," 
from the fact that in the MS List of Members the initial letters IV. S., in 
pencil after the name, lucre deciphered IV. I., and therefore supposed to mean 
West Indies, luhile the initials really meant Water Street, and this is con- 
firmed by the printed list of 1785.] 



366 JAMES TILLARY, M.D. 

Sixteenth President, 1814-18 

James Tillary was born in Scotland in 1756 and died in New York, May 
25, 1818. Having received some preliminary medical knowledge in the North 
of Scotland, probably as apprentice with a country doctor, he went to Edinburgh 
to complete his studies at the medical school there, afterwards receiving an ap- 
pointment as surgeon in the British army, coming to this country during the 
Revolution. Soon after his arrival in New York he resigned from the army 
and began the practice of his profession. In April, 1779, he married Brachey 
( ?) Cleaves. During the epidemics of yellow fever in 1795 and 1798 he remained 
at his post. He was a Trustee of Columbia College from 1799 to 1818, and he 
was elected surgeon of the New York Hospital in 1792 but resigned after 
one month's service. Later he became a member of the New York County 
Medical Society and in due course served as its President. He served as Physi- 
cian of the Society from 1786 to 1809. The following advertisement appeared 
in the Post Boy March 2, 1786, "Doctor James Tillary, is appointed by the St. 
Andrew's Society, to attend poor persons, who will find him at his house No. 89 
Broadway." The doctor was in great demand socially for his wit and humour 
and was a member in 1784 of the Black Friars Club. He became Second Vice- 
President of this Society in 1812; First Vice-President in 1813 and finally Presi- 
dent from 1814 to 1818. Doctor Tillary was the only President of the Society 
who died during his incumbency of the office. On tlie announcement of his 
death the Society was hurriedly called and the following preamble and resolution 
were adopted : 

The Society having received the afflicting intelligence of the decease 
on this day, of their worthy president. Dr. James Tillary, and deeply 
deploring their loss, and being desirous of manifesting, by every mark of 
respect, for his memory, their sense of his eminent virtues and social and 
benevolent qualities — 

Therefore, Resolved, That the Society will assemble at Washington 
Hall, at 4 o'clock tomorrow afternoon (May 30, 1818) each member 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 223 

wearing the badge of the Society, and from thence accompany his re- 
mains to the place of interment, and further tliat the members will 
wear crape upon the left arm for one month. 
The funeral address was delivered by his friend and fellow member Dr. David 
Hosack, who knew him well. At the Annual Banquet in 1823 Alexander Suther- 
land Glass gave the toast "The memory of our late worthy and lamented President 
Dr. Tillary," adding "Alas poor Yorick ! Where are your gil:>es, your songs, your 
flashes of merriment that were wont to set the table in a roar." — Morrison's 
History; Tlutclicr's Am. Med. Biog.; the Press. 



367 HENRY TROUP. 

Alanager 1793-94 

Henry Troup was born in Scotland in 1755. In 1789 he was a clerk with 
John Murray, and in 1793, having learned American business methods, became 
a merchant at 24 George Street. In 1796 he was associated with Albert Ryck- 
man, at 89 Water Street, and engaged in the china, glass and earthenware busi- 
ness. Later he was located at 93 Front Street, where he died May 27th, 1801, 
and was buried in Trinity Churchyard. The Daily Advertiser of May 28, 1801, 
said of him that he had a "temper open, generous and warm" and that he "pos- 
sessed a mildness which endeared him living and a faithfulness in friendship 
which will sanctify his memory." He could not have been very prosperous as 
in course of time his widow, Eliza, described in the Managers' books as "indigent 
and deserving," became a pensioner of the Society until her death July 4th, 1825, 
at the age of sixty-two. Whether or not Henry Troup was related to Colonel 
Robert Troup, who joined the Society at the same time, has not been discovered. 



368 COLONEL ROBERT TROUP. 

Manager 1786-87; 1st Vice-President 1794-96. 
2nd Vice-President 1813-14; 1st Vice-President 1814-15. 

Colonel Troup was the son of Captain John Troup, R. N. (member 1756) 
and v/as born in New York City in 1756. In 1775 the Rev. Myles Cooper was 
President of King's College, and being an ardent Tory expressed his political 
opinions with the utmost freedom, the consequence of which was that one night 
a mob broke into the College grounds intent on doing him violence. Two of 
our members, students at the time, kept the mob at bay by haranguing it from 
the steps of the President's house until Dr. Cooper had time to escape over the 
hack fence in the scantiest of apparel. These two young men were Alexander 
Hamilton and Robert Troup. After graduating from King's College in 1774 
Troup studied law in the office of John Jay. He was a Lieutenant in the militia 
of New York City under Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Stockholm. In May, 1776, 



224 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

he was appointed 1st Lieutenant of Lasher's regiment of New York Mihtia and 
was made aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull. On the 
morning of the Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, he and three or four 
other officers who were on outpost duty at the intersection of Broadway and 
Jamaica turnpike, were captured by the British, and Troup was confined in the 
prison ship Jersey at Wallabout, and afterwards in the Provost prison in New 
York City, remaining a prisoner until exchanged December 9, 1776. In February, 
1777, he became Major and Aide-de-camp to General Gates and October 14th 
of the same year Lieutenant-Colonel and as such served in the Battle of Saratoga 
and was present at the surrender of Burgoyne. In Februarj', 1778, he was ap- 
pointed by Congress Secretary to the Board of War and on February 8, 1780, 
he resigned. He then read law under Judge William Paterson, afterwards 
Governor of New Jersey. In 1784 he lived at 35 Hanover Square and later at 
32 Queen Street and in 1786 was practicing law at 67 Wall Street and in 1787 
at 18 Smith Street. Some years after peace was declared he was appointed 
Judge of the District Court of the United States for New York and in 1786 
he wa.s elected a member of the State Legislature. He was an original member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati and was a Trustee of Columbia College 
from 1811 to 1817. In 1822 he published several important papers on 
the policy of the State towards the canals and also in regard to the claims re- 
specting Trinity Church. For many years he resided in Geneva, New York, 
where he acted as agent for Sir William Pulteney's estate in Western New York. 
He married February 18, 1787, Janet, daughter of Peter Goelet, leaving tw6 
sons who died unmarried. Col. Troup died at his home in Hudson Square, 
New York City, January 14, 1832. — N. Y. Genealogical & Biographkal Record; 
N. Y. Book of the Cincinnati; Bench and Bar of Neiv York. 



369 REV. JAMES WILSON. 

Chaplain 1786-88. 

The Rev. James Wilson was associate pastor of the Scotch Church in New 
York and colleague of the Rev. Dr. Rodgers. He was received by the Presby- 
tery of New York in 1785-6 as an ordained minister from Scotland. Yale and 
Princeton gave him the Honorary degree of M. A. in 1785. His health having 
broken down he resigned from his charge and preached his farewell sermon in 
New York on January 27, 1788, having won the sincere and high esteem of the 
church, and in the following month went to Charleston, South Carolina. He 
joined the Saint Andrew's Society of Charleston in 1788 or 1789. He was ap- 
pointed to take charge of a small congregation at a settlement near Charleston, 
named Wilton, no longer in existence, and in 1789 he was released on account 
of the inability of the congregation to support him. According to the Yale 
catalogue he died in \799.~Howe's Hist. Presby. Ch., in South Carolina. 

[In the first printed sketch book of 1823 the name appeared as Rev. 

John Wilson.] 



1785 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 22S 

370 JOHN WILSON 

Manager 1802-1804. 

John Wilson was a native of Fifeshire, and a ship's bread baker to trade. 
According to Scoville in The Old Merchants of Nciv York he carried on busi- 
ness on Fair Street, now Fulton Street, from 1795 to 1808, which statement is 
correct as far as it goes, but Wilson came to New York much earlier than 1795. 
In 17S7, according to the City Directory, he was located at 37 Fair Street and 
in 1778, nine years earlier, one of this name was a caterer at the corner house 
near the Exchange. In November, 1790, he offeretl two lots for sale, Nos. 37 
and 3S Fair Street, on which were a stable, a store and a three storied bakehouse, 
32.xl8, containing two ovens. If not sold by December first following they were 
then to be offered at public sale. No reason was given for this. In 1806, having 
business to settle in the West Indies, he made an assignment of all his estate, real 
and personal, for the benefit of his creditors. In 1807 he owned a bake-house 
and stable in Brooklyn. He died August 19th, 1809, on board the brig Peace 
on her voyage from Jamaica. He left a widow, two sons and one daughter, so 
far as known. The sons carried on the business for many years, but the widow 
and daughter both became recipients of the Society's bounty. 



371 GEORGE WRIGHT. 

George Wright was a merchant of Virginia who received Honorary mem- 
bership in the Society. On March 26, 1776, he was granted a permit by the 
Committee of Safety of Williamsburg, Va., to leave the Colony. He was evi- 
dently a Loyalist. He came North to New York and engaged in business with 
John Likly as ship chandlers and auctioneers at No. 9 Water Street, three doors 
west from the middle corner of the Fly Market. This connection continued 
until August, 1778, after which no reference has been noted until the notice of his 
death on August 7, 1787, at Nassau, New Providence, in the West Indies.^ 
Cat. Va. State Papers; the Press. 



372 PETER WALDRON YATES. 

Mr. Yates was born in Albany, New York, August 23, 1747. In 1774 he 
attended an Indian Congress at Johnstown. He was a lawyer by profession 
and well known in the courts of Albany both before and after the Revolution. 
He was a member of the Committee of Correspondence in 1775, but resigned, 
having angered his colleagues by a letter ridiculing a public reception that was 
given to General Philip Schuyler. His popularity was so great that he was re- 
elected but declined to serve. He was the bosom companion of Clinton and 
Chancellor Livingston and assisted them by his activity and influence, and they 



226 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1785 

gratefully remembered him until they died. Affable in his manners, sober and 
dignified in his deportment he enlightened every society in which he entered. 
He represented New York in the General Congress from 1785 to 1787. From 
1765 to 1801, a period of 36 years, he was master of Union Lodge No. 3, of 
Albany, now Mount Vernon No. 3, and afterwards Senior Grand Warden of the 
Grand Lodge F. & A. M., New York. He died at Caughnawaga, March 9th, 
1826.— Co/. Doc. Vol. VIII.; Appleton; Peter Ross. 



1786 



373 WALTER ADAMS. 

Walter Adams was a resident and merchant of Montego Bay, Island of 

Jamaica, and while on a visit to New York became a non-resident member of 

the Society. He seems to have stayed some time in New York, for in 1789 he 

was a witness to the will of James Johnson and therein he spelled his name Adams. 

[This appears on our Roll as Adam.] 



374 ROBERT AFFLECK. 

Manager 1794-1795. 

Robert Affleck was a native of Scotland and was born in the year 1749. 
When he came to New York is unknown but it was probably after the Revolu- 
tion, the earliest reference found being his subscription in 1785 to the Saint 
Andrew's Hall Fund. He was then located at 60 William Street where he carried 
on a dry goods business. In 1798 he was located at 108 William Street, where 
he died on Sunday, August 26th, 1798, in his 50th year, leaving his widow Ann 
and an only son John who died of consumption, December 5, 1812. 



375 CAPTAIN WILLIAM BLACKBURN. 

In 1775 Mr. Blackburn was one of a committee of London merchants who 
met there to discuss the American situation and he represented New York at 
the meeting. In 1784 he was in partnership with Samuel Kerr, a fellow mem- 
ber. On May 26, 1785, Blackburn returned from London in the Edzmrd, Cap- 
tain Henry Coupar (member 1773). The partnership with Kerr was dissolved 
November 30, 1789. Blackburn's name not once appeared in the City directories, 
and it is not likely that he remained here for any length of time, if at all. One 
of this name was a shipmaster who traded at that time between London, New 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 227 

York and the West Indies, and it was he, no doubt, who was Kerr's partner. It 
was a common practice in those days for one of the partners in a firm to remain 
at sea not only bringing out the merchandise, but attending to the purchases 
abroad. About 1789 Blackburn settled in Philadelphia and engaged in business 
as a broker and in that year became a member of the Saint Andrew's Society 
there. In 1807 he was agent for a lottery in that city. He died at Philadelphia, 
November 19, 1808, in his 61st year. In his will he left all his estate to his wife 
Mary. 



376 GEORGE BOND. 

In November, 1778, George Bond was a clerk in the Office of the Secretary 
of the Continental Congress which then met in Philadelphia. On November 16, 
1779, he was elected Deputy Secretary, and much of the Journals of Congress are 
in his handwriting. He retained this office as late as 1783. On February 24, 
1785, George Bond advertised that he had opened a Notary Public and Con- 
veyancing Office at his house, No. 5 William Street, this Citj-. On March 10th, 
1788, he was appointed Assistant Justice or Police Magistrate, and was then 
located at 58 William Street, and in 1791 at 33 Wall Street. He also advertised 
that he was an attorney and counsellor at law and that he had an office for the 
purchase and sale of lands, in other words he was a real estate agent. In 1791 
he served as Captain of one of the Battalion Companies of the New York Militia. 
In 1792 he left New York and returned to Philadelphia after an absence of eight 
years. There he opened a law office in 1793, at 159 Vine Street, but does not 
appear to have met with success. He then became supercargo on vessels trading 
to the West Indies, and in 1806 died at Port-au-Prince. His wife returned to 
Philadelphia, and in 1807 made an appeal to this Society for assistance and the 
Managers' Book notes the fact that the payment made was "voted by the Society." 



377 DANIEL BOWIE. 

Daniel Bowie was a grocer at 38 Crown Street. In 1783 he was located 
at 36 Partition Street and in 1808 at 60 Partition Street. He married in October, 
1782, Hannah, sister of John B. Dash, but had no children. His brother, Henry, 
saihng master of the U. S. frigate Gucrricrc, had a son Daniel named 
after our member. In 1799, Bowie was appointed on a committee to help dis- 
tressed widows and orphans caused by the severe epidemic of yellow fever. He 
probably had accumulated a modest fortune as in 1815 and again in 1820 he was 
assessed for taxation on $5,000. In 1815, he was connected with the New 
York Sugar Refinery Co., and acted as inspector at the election of the board of 
directors. Bowie died at Jamaica, Long Island, on July 22nd, 1822, in his 67th 
year. 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 ; 

378 JAMES BOYD. 

Manager 1795-1796. 

James Boyd was born in Scotland in the year 1749. When he came to New 
York has not been ascertained, but in 1786 he was established as a grocer at 
2 Pearl Street. He gave up the grocery business, however, and in 1789 was a 
"writing clerk" or lawyer's clerk and witnessed the wills of several people. In 
1791 he obtained the position of clerk in the New York branch of the United 
States Treasury, which he held for many years. In 1794, his home was at 22 
Pearl Street where he remained till his death. On September 29, 1799, his wife, 
Elizabeth, died of yellow fever. From 1800 onward he is noted in the city 
directories as an accountant, and always at the same address. His son, John 
James, member 1816, retained this property and made it his residence until 1850. 
In his will made in 1803, Boyd mentions three children, James, John and Eliza- 
beth. His son James predeceased him. Mr. Boyd died near Bloomingdale, Octo- 
ber 21st, 1822, aged 7i years, "much respected by all who knew him." He was 
buried in the cemetery on Houston Street and his remains were removed there- 
from to Greenwood in 1846. 



379 PETER BRUCE. 

Manager 1795-1797. 

Peter Bruce was the son of Bailie William Bruce, of Inverurie, Aberdeen- 
shire. He came to New York about 1770 on the solicitation of his brother, 
Robert, and went into business with him in the grocery line at 3 Front Street, 
below the Coffee House, removing in 1795 to 120 Front Street, Peter's home being 
above the store. Their business became large and eventually a wholesale one and 
later Stephen Wendover was taken as a partner. In 1796 they were burned out in 
one of the many disastrous fires which happened about that time. The business 
after 1796 was carried on by sons of Robert and Peter and after the dissolution 
of their firm in 1801, the business was continued by Wendover and Hopkins. 
Peter married July 6, 1786, Ann Langley of Virginia, member of an old Southern 
family, and by her had several children. Scoville says two sons and one daughter, 
Mary, but there was also a second daughter, Ann Langley, who married Gerardus 
A. Cooper, November 16th, 1813, according to the Spectator. Scoville also 
says that while Robert was a Tory, Peter was a Whig and hints that this was 
an arrangement dictated by policy. Peter Bruce died intestate December 21st, 
1796, and his widow, Ann, was appointed Administratrix. She died December 
24th, 1817, in her 57th year. — Old Merchants of Neiu York; the Press. 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCTETY 229 

380 WILLIAM COCK. 

William Cock was the son of Abraham and Hildah (Minthorne) Cock. He 
graduated from Columbia College in 1775 and in 1790 received the degree of 
A. M. On March 27th, 1782, he and Dorothy Wallace were granted a marriage 
license. He was admitted to the bar in 1784 and in the following year became 
Deputy Register of the Court of Chancery, subsequently becoming Register, which 
office he held until his death. In 1781, he appears as a notary at Burling Slip and 
the following year he removed to 66 Wall Street, near the "Main Guard opposite 
the Old Presbyterian Meeting" and advertised as "Notary, Conveyancer, etc." 
This was where the Mortimer Building, No. 11 Wall Street, long stood, in which 
the writer was located for many years. Singularly enough an old deed of this 
property shows that in 1786 Cock and his wife Dorothy disposed of part of it. 
The seal attached to the document shows a cock perched on a tower. Mr. Cock 
was prominent in Masonry, serving as Master of Lodge No. 212; as Grand 
Secretary, to which office he was elected, December 5, 1782, at Assembly Hall, 
at Roubalitz, in the City of New York ; as Junior Grand Warden, June 5, 1783, 
and Grand Master, September 19, 1783. He was also an honorary member of 
the Marine Society. He died July 7, 1793, about 38 years of age, and was buried 
with masonic honours in Trinity Qiurchyard. He left no will and "friends 
of the deceased," James Saidler and Dr. James Tillary (both members of the 
Society) were appointed administrators of his estate. He had a country place 
at Metinicock, Oyster Bay, Long Island. Two sons survived him, Archibald 
Minthorne and William, the latter dying January 27, 1815. — The Press; Col. 
Coll. Cat.; Col. E. M. L. EMers, Grand Secretary F. & A. M. 



381 JOHN CORBETT. 

John Corbett or Corbitt was a merchant in Jamaica, West Indies, according 
to our Records, who received Honorary membership in the Society. Nothing 
has been found regarding him unless he be the person of that name referred to in 
the Calendar of Virginia State Papers, who was wounded at the Battle of Mon- 
mouth and petitioned the Governor and Council of Virginia, October 4, 1788, 
for a continuance of his pension which had been withheld from 1786 on the 
ground that he had no certificate from Steuben. 



382 JAMES CRAIG, SENIOR. 

James Craig, Senior, was one of the leading merchants of Philadelphia, 
and an active member of the Saint Andrew's Society of that City, joining it in 
1750 and holding the offices of Treasurer in 1765, Vice-President in 1775, and 
again in 1786-88. He was owner and part owner of a number of armed 



230 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

privateers during the Revolution, engaged in harassing British trade. On Janu- 
ary 9th, 1776, he (with Robert Morris and others) was appointed a Commissioner 
of Naval Stores. His election to Honorary Membership in this Society wa.s 
probably brought about through the influence of Robert Lenox. During the 
early days of the Revolution, William Lenox, no doubt a relative of Robert, was 
arrested and confined in gaol in Philadelphia and released September 5, 1777, 
on James Craig giving his word of honour that Lenox would appear when 
wanted. Mr. Craig was a native of Scotland and died in Philadelphia, October 
9th, 1793, in his 76th year. His wife, Janet, died September 5th, 1807, in her 
85th year.— Hist. Cat. St. Andrew's So. of Phila.; Kelly's Notes, N. Y. Hist. So. 
[Appeared in Morrison's History as John Craig; as above in pamphlet of 1788.] 



383 ANDREW CRAIGIE, M.D. 

Andrew Craigie was born in Boston, June 7, 1743. During the war of the 
Revolution, he served as Apothecary General, being located most of the time in 
Philadelphia and on November 3, 1783, was discharged. He became a member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati and an Honorary member of the Alarine Society. 
In 1784, he formed the co-partnership, Craigie, Wainwright & Co., apothecaries, 
at 27 Wall Street, this city, and continued to May 1, 1788, when the partnership 
was dissolved and Wainwright carried on the business. Dr. Craigie removed to 
Cambridge, Mass., and his residence is well known as the former home of the 
poet Longfellow. He died at Cambridge, September 19th, 1819. 



384 CAPTAIN PETER CUNNINGHAM. 

In 1779, Cunningham and Wardrop were auctioneers and that year ad- 
vertised that they were going to do business as insurance brokers also. Scoville, 
in his Old Merchants of New York, mentions this firm. Their names, however, 
do not appear in the directory of 1786 nor thereafter. As Wardrop went to 
Virginia in 1788 it is probable that the firm went out of existence and that 
Cunningham left the city or went to sea. 



385 ROBERT DODS. 

Robert Dods was a silk dyer and cleaner. In an advertisement in the New 
York Packet, January, 1785, he stated that he came from London. He was then 
on Broadway near St. Paul's Church. He and his wife seem to have been an 
industrious couple, for in the same "Ad" it is stated that she did "Mantua making 
in all its branches and newest taste." One of this name became a member of 
the Marine Society in 1780. On July 23, 1788, he and John Morrison headed 



786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 231 

he dyers in the procession held in honour of the adoption of the Constitution. 
n 1793 he was located at 47 Broadway, and in 1798 at 178 Broadway. He 
lied intestate in New York prior to October 8th, 1800, his widow, Elizabeth, 
)cing appointed his administratrix on that date. She died April 16th, 1806, 
n her 65th year. 



!86 CAPTAIN GEORGE DOUGLAS. 

George Douglas was probably the commander of the Letter of Marque 
iornet of 6 guns in commission in 1779, who, on retiral from the sea, engaged 
n the provision and grocery business. Our member carried on this business from 
785 to 1789 at 14 Fly Market and then removed to 14 Little Water Street, below 
he Exchange. In August, 1790, he assigned all his property, real and personal, 
James Saidler and John Taylor, for the benefit of his creditors. The following 
nonth he went to sea as master of the brig Robert, which cleared for Kingston, 
araaica. In September, 1791, he was still in the Robert, trading to the West 
ndies. In 1800, John Taylor notified the creditors of George Douglas, Senior, 
ate merchant in New York, to send in their statements. Mr. Taylor gave no 
ixplanation of the ten years delay in settling claims. On January 16th, 1806, 
ine Captain George Douglas of the brig Luna died at Montego Bay, Jamaica. 
Dn February 24th, 1808, Elizabeth, "daughter of the late George Douglass, 
ormerly merchant of this city, died at the house of Abraham Varick, 56 Water 
street." — The Press. 



187 CAPTAIN JAMES FARQUHAR. 

Captain Farquhar, son of Dr. William Farquhar (member 1756) of the 
amily of Gilmilnscroft, Ayrshire, was born in Scotland in the year 1742. In 
.757, we find him at school in Hempstead, Long Island, under the tuition of 
he Rev. Samuel Seabury. At an early age he went to sea and when twenty- 
)ne "sailed the ocean blue" as master of the brig Gambia trading to Africa, 
)robably for slaves. In 1765 he was in New York and was one of the witnesses 

the receipt for the stamped paper which the Mayor gave when it was turned 
)ver to him for safe keeping. In 1766 he was master of the ship Polly for 
^ondon, and William Seton & Co. were the agents in New York. In 1767 he 
lad transferred to the Bishop of Osnaburgh, in 1768 to the ship Jemima, both 
'or London with passengers and freight. On September 15, 1774, he married 
ilizabeth. daughter of Richard Curson and sister-in-law of William Seton, and 
hereafter he "went no more aroving" but settled down in this city in the wine 
Hisiness. In 1784 he was located at 24 John Street. It was said that he w^as 
Mie of the seconds to a duel, which took place April 21, 1786, "behind the 
rlospital" between Samuel Curson, probably his brother-in-law, and Mr. Burling, 

1 gentleman from Baltimore. Next day the newspaper said it was misin- 



232 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 178o 

formed when it stated that there were seconds at the duel, but made no denial 
of the duel. In 1789 he had removed to 5 Hanover Square where he remained 
five years. That same year he became President of the Marine Society hold- 
ing that office until 1824. In 1790 he was a member of the first United States 
Grand Jury held in New York State, and also became a vestryman of Trinity 
Church. In 1794 he removed to 7Z Pearl Street, in 1798 to 150 Pearl Street 
and in 1803 to 32 William Street. In 1800 he was appointed Warden of 
the Port. On October 30, 1817, his daughter, Caroline Matilda, married John M. 
Barry, of the island of Teneriffe, who was probably in the wine trade. His 
son, William, died at Trinidad in the West Indies, of malignant fever, August 
25, 1817, and another son, Charles Wilkes Farquhar, died at "Greenhill" in 
New York City, March 18, 1824. Captain Farquhar died in New York, October 
21, 1831, aged 89 years, leaving his widow, the daughter above mentioned, a 
son, James, of Holland Patent, and several grandchildren. His widow, Eliza- 
beth, died in the Island of Trinidad, on April 7, 1843. aged 87 years. Their 
daughter, Mary Augusta, died in Philadelphia, November 6, 1881, the last of the 
Farcjuhars of Gilniilnscroft and was buried in St. IMark's Churchyard in this city. 
— The Press. 



388 DUNCAN FERGUSON. 

Duncan Ferguson kept a "Slopshop" at 10 Fly Market, and graduated from 
that designation to "Shop Keeper" and latterly to "Clothier." His last location 
was 118 Front Street, where he died in 1805, his widow, Elizabeth, carrying on 
the business for some years at 125 Greenwich Street. In 1808 and 1809 she was 
granted by the Society the regular widow's pension and at that time lived with 
James Scott, which may indicate a relationship. She died in 1823 and letters 
of administration were granted to her brother, John Day. 



389 



CHARLES FYiFFE, M.D. \ 



Dr. Fyffe was a native of Scotland and of the family of Dron and was 
probably born in the year 1727, in the town of Leith, where others of the same 
name in Jamaica, in his time, were born. He came out to Virginia in 1744, 
living in Norfolk up to 1776. In 1757 he was appointed a Justice of the Peace 
and Naval Officer for Georgetown. For over twenty years he practiced his 
profession and subsequently engaged in trade also, building up materially both 
his business and his influence. When the Revolutionary troubles broke out he 
took the side of the Crown and gave all the assistance in his power to Lord 
Dunmore, the consequence being that he had to flee to Charleston, S. C. Lord 
Dimmore gave him a special commission of the peace to go to Georgetown and 
there take the submission of the inhabitants and administer the oath of allegiance. 



1786 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 233 

When Green's army approached he again had to flee for his hfe to Charleston 
ind departed so suddenly that he was unable to save anything. He was captured 
it the Battle of Great Bridge by Col. Woodford, of the Virginia troops, and in 
December sent prisoner to the Convention at Williamsburg as an enemy to the 
American cause, and was confined for four weeks and then released on parole. 
He had a wife and family, large property in lands, houses and slaves, as well as 
stock in trade and outstanding debts, and was thus a man of substance. On the 
Srst of January, 1776, his wharf and stores were set on fire by a party from 
Dunmore's fleet and the remainder of his property was destroyed by the American 
:roops, thus apparently being between the devil and the deep sea. He remained 
mtil May looking after his aflfairs when Lord Dunmore procured him a passage 
:o Bermuda on H. M. S. Nautilus, Captain Collins, where he endeavoured to 
support himself by the practice of his profession. After a time he proceeded 
:o London to lay his case before the authorities, arriving there in January, 1783. 
Ele claimed his losses amounted to £12,000 and the government granted him an 
uinuity of £100. In the meantime a process in the courts of Norfolk was begun 
:o have his property sequestrated by the State, but a friend entered a caveat in 
Favour of his son, Donald, who lived in Grenada. Owing to errors and ir- 
•egularities, the process was quashed. In 1786 he made a statement that his 
■ope-walk, tan works, as well as a distillery, had been confiscated and sold. 
[n his Memorial, dated January 13, 1787, he enters somewhat into detail relative 

what happened to him after peace had been declared. Therein he states that 
lis allowance of ilOO per annum had ceased December, 1784, as he had gone 
lack to South Carolina, that he had accepted £50 in full in the hope that he 
night recover his property, but that as he had only succeeded in getting back 

1 very small part of what he had lost, he petitioned for the restoration of his 
'ormer allowance. The statement of his losses is interesting. He valued the 
;moluments of his office of Deputy Naval Officer at Georgetown as being worth 
ibout £40 or £50 a year, that he practiced his profession for 36 years and had 
earned £150 to £200 per annum, that his landed property was worth £5,000, that 
le had owned 50 or 60 negroes worth £3,000 and that his other losses were above 
nO.OOO. A sympathetic government rewarded his loyalty by restoring to him 
lis pension of £100. While in London he put up at the Carolina Coffee House 
ind here he subscribed to the second or Edinburgh edition of Burns' Poems. 
Dn November 30, 1781, he became a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of 
rharleston and while in New York, in 1786, on his way to London, he received 
Honorary membership in this Society. Nothing of his after life has come within 
lur ken. — Loyalist Papers in New York Public Library; Scot. Notes & Queries. 



390 JAMES GALLOWAY. 

James Galloway was the proprietor of the estate of Unity Hall in the parish 
Df Saint James in the Island of Jamaica. He was a Justice of the Peace in that 
parish and assistant judge in the adjoining parish of Trelawny from 1797 to 



234 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

1802. From the latter year to 1817 he appeared on the list of assistant judges 
but was not a resident of the parish. Galloway was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Trelawny regiment from 1794 and Colonel from 1796 to 1806. In 1802 he and 
his wife waited on General Nugent and his wife and they are referred to in "Lady 
Nugent's Journal." In 1808 he was magistrate for St. James. In 1810 he was 
elected a Member of the Assembly for St. James, but in 1814 his seat was 
vacated at his own request. He was one of the directors of the Falmouth Water 
Company from 1801 to 1816. By his will we find that on his plantation he had 
268 slaves and 194 head of stock. He also mentioned his son, the Rev. James 
Galloway, of the county of Hertford, Great Britain, Clerk in Holy Orders, whom 
he made residuary legatee. The following inscription on the tablet erected to 
his memory in Falmouth Church reads: 

Sacred to the memory of 
JAMES GALLOWAY, ESQ. 
Late of this Parish, 
And of Unity Hall Estate, St. James 
who died on the XXVIII. day 
of August MDCCCXXXIII. 
Aged LXXV. years. 
Resident fifty-six years in Jamaica 
He secured the esteem of society 
By the kindness and integrity of 
His private character while during 
The Maroon war and as a Magistrate 
And member of the Assembly he faith- 
fully discharged his public duties." 
The coat of arms on the tablet is as follows: "a lion rampant, ducally crowned, 
impaling, quarterly first and fourth, a cross cross-let ; second and third, three 
battle axes in pale. Crest, a grenade. Motto "ALTIOR." — Monumental In- 
scriptions of the British West Indies; Rev. C. G. McGregor, Falmouth; Geo. F. 
ludah, Saint Jago dc la Vega: "J" in tlic Kingston, Jamaica, "Gleaner" of May, 
1912 ; Frank Cundall, of the Institute of Jamaica. 



391 ROBERT GILCHRIST. 

Robert Gilchrist, son of Adam Gilchrist, member 1784 (q. z'.) was born 
in New York City, August 10th, 1763. In March, 1787, he was engaged in the 
grocer>' and ship chandlery business at 32 John Street. On July 14th, 1787, he 
married Betsy or Elizabeth Roosevelt, daughter of Nicholas and Elizabeth 
(Thurman) Roosevelt. He seems not to have confined himself to the above busi- 
ness, as in 1789 he purchased and sold securities, while in 1790 he was agent in 
New York for the sale of John Duncan's lands. He was located successively at 
20 South Street, 18 Princess Street, 3 Beaver Street and 105 Pearl Street. In 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 235 

1791 lie subscribed for three shares in the Bank of New York. He owned also 
one share in the Tontine Coffee House and was an honorary member of the Marine 
Society. In 1797 he was appointed administrator of his father's estate. In 
1808 he was in Westchester, probably at his father's former home. In 1810 he 
offered his three storied brick store, 105 Pearl Street, for sale or rent. In 1812 
he offered for sale his farm and country seat at Castle Hill Neck, Westchester, 
New York, and about this period removed to Johnsburgh, Warren County, New 
York, where he died October 10th, 1817, aged 55 years. His widow, Elizabeth, 
died at Albany, New York, September 11th 1819, in her 56th year. His oldest 
son, Robert (b. April 28th, 1795), lived at "The Glen," Warren County, probably 
the family homestead, and died at Fernandina, Florida, April 30th, 1869. His 
other sons were John Thurman (b. Sept. 10, 1801 ; d. May 25, 1871) and Edward 
Russell (b. Aug. 14, 1803; d. May 15, 1879; member of Saint Andrew's Society 
of Albany, New York). His daughters were Elizabeth (b. Dec. 10, 1792; d. 
Sept. 16, 1832) ; Maiy (b. Apl. 3, 1797; d. Aug. 19, 1867) and Hester Ann (b. 
Sept. 28, 1799; d. Oct. 27, 1808). 



392 JOHN GROZART. 

John Grozart was a native of Scotland. In 1776 he engaged in the dry 
goods business in Hanover Square and in 1780 at 228 Queen Street. From 1790 
to 1795 he changed his location each year, remaining, however, from 1795 to 
1800 at 51 Beekman Street. From 1802 to 1809 he was located at 8 Cortlandt 
Street, where he sold stout, porter, cheese, linens, Britannia and glassware, which 
would indicate a grocery business. His residence was at Rivington Street, corner 
of Essex Street, on Delancy's ground near the ropewalk. In 1810 he seems to 
have failed in business or retired through sickness as his only address was his 
Rivington Street home, where he remained until 1823, when he removed to 163 
Delancey Street, near Arundel Street. In 1825 he became a j>ensioner of the 
Society and the Manager of that year stated that he was "80 years of age and 
very lame." He died January 8th, 1826, in his 79th year, his widow, Margaret, 
surviving him until July 20, 1829, when she died in her 76th year. The widow 
continued to receive the Society's bounty until her death. So far as known they 
had one son, John, who predeceased them, another named Andrew and one 
daughter, Margaret, who married. May 10th, 1810, Bumell Brown. 



393 LIEUTENANT ALEXANDER JAMES HAMILTON. 

Manager 1787-90; 1793-94; 1799-1800. 
2nd Vice-President, 1801-1809. 

Alexander James Hamilton was born in Scotland in the year 1748 and was 
the only son of James Hamilton "Keeper of His Majesty's Stores, appointed as 
of Chatham, now at Woolwich" and Miss Daes or Deas, probably the latter 



236 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

as it is Scottish while the former is not. His father was the eldest son of 
Alexander of Ballincrieff ("undoubted male representative of the ancient family 
of Innervvick"), who married Lady Mary Kerr, daughter of William, Marquis 
of Lothian. Alexander James Hamilton was commissioned Lieutenant in the 
45th Regiment, May, 1775. The regiment was stationed in Ireland that year and 
came to America the following year, serving here until 1778. He did not return 
with his regiment as his marriage in New York on February 11th, 1778, to 
Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary (Odium) Deane, and the records of the 
births of their children prove. In 1780 we find him referred to in the press as 
"late Lieutenant in the 45th Regiment." From 1786 to 1793 he conducted busi- 
ness at 101 Water Street, principally as a distiller, and carried at the same time 
a line of general groceries. In 1793 he dissolved partnership with James Arden, 
who, at that time, returned to England. He then removed to 286 Water Street, 
or this may have been the same location with a diflferent number, and remained 
there until 1819. In an advertisement in the City Directory of 1809, he defined 
his business in the following terms "a complete assortment of groceries, wines, 
liquors, and cordials of all kinds, white wine and cyder, vinegar, colouring for 
spirits, iron liquor for leather dressers use, with a large assortment of teas, sugars, 
spices, etc., etc." From 1817 to 1823 his home was at 11 Cherry Street, but 
in the latter year, he removed to No. 6 Barclay Street, which, according to the 
directory, was a boarding house. Scoville states that Mr. Hamilton met with 
reverses and that his sister. Lady Cox, allowed him an annuity until his death, 
sufficient to sustain his position as a gentleman. He continued to reside at No, 
6 Barclay Street until he died. May 15th, 1827, aged 79 years. His widow and 
several sons and daughters survived him. — A^ Y. Gene. & Biog. Rec. Vol. A6, 
p. 160; Old Merchants of Neiit York; Contemporary Press. 



394 JAMES HARDIE. 

James Hardie was born in Aberdeen in the year 1750 and died in New 
York in 1832. He received his education in Marischal College, Aberdeen, and 
graduated therefrom. For a time he taught navigation on a British man-of-war. 
He became an inmate of the family of Professor James Beattie, as secretary or 
tutor or both, and after a time Dr. Beattie suggested to Hardie that he emigrate 
to New York and gave him letters of introduction to his friends. He took his 
A. B. at Columbia in 1787 and in 1790 the degree of A. M. In 1787 he and John 
Campbell opened an evening Academy at 3 Little Queen Street, but a month 
later Hardie gave this up and opened a public school at 3 Broad Street. He soon 
formed dissipated habits and, after drifting aimlessly along in the current of 
life for several years, picking up a precarious livelihood, he finally obtained a 
minor position in the Board of Health. His salary was small, barely enough to 
keep body and soul together, and he eked it out by doing hack work for the 
publishers, when he got the opportunity. In this way he became author of quite 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 237 

a number of books, tbe most curious of which is An account of the Yellow Fcz'er 
in Nezv York (1822). He encountered the yellow fever in its most malignant 
form with consummate bravery during its several visitations after 1795. He also 
pubHshed a descriptive account of New York, issued in 1822, and completed a 
Biographical Dictionary in 1830, and proved that he could \k industrious and 
painstaking when he liked. He lived through many vicissitudes, assisted by the 
Society for many years, and died in great indigence, of cholera, in 1832. In 
1828, Mrs. Hardie received money from the Society to enable her to return to 
Scotland and as there are no payments to her thereafter, it is prolxible that she 
departed, leaving her husband behind. — Dr. Peter Ross; Dr. J. W. Francis; Apple- 
ton; Archives of the Society. 



395 CAPTAIN WILLIAM HUNTER, Junior 

The first mention of Captain Hunter is his joining tlie Marine Society 
in 1770. His home was in Alexandria, Virginia. As the sailing lists at that 
time do not give Christian names it is not now possible to say what ships he 
sailed nor in what seas he traded. On his tombstone in Alexandria appears the 
following : — 

Scottish Arms and Motto. 

Sacred to the memory of William Hunter, Jr., born in 
Galston (Ayr), Scotland, 20 January, 1751. The Char- 
acteristicks of his life were unbounded benevolence and 
friendship. He died in Alexandria, 19 November, 1792, 
beloved, esteemed and lamented. The St. Andrew's Society 
of Alexandria, whose founder he was, and among wliom he 
resided until removed by death, erect this monument as a 
tribute of gratitude and respect. 



396 JAMES INGLIS. 

When the British left Philadelphia in 1778 and the City was occupied by 
American troops, the Loyalists took refuge in New York and James Inglis was 
of the number. He located at 915 Water Street, where he had a "Licensed 
Auction Room." That is the first time this description was noted, for prior 
to that date, auctioneers in New York termed themselves "Vendue Masters." In 
December, 1781, he was located at 33 Water Street. In November of 1783 he ad- 
vertised that he was about to remove to Port Roseway (Shelburne, Nova Scotia). 
He returned, however, and in 1787 was a licensed auctioneer and commission 
merchant at 21 Wall Street, opposite the Coffee House Bridge, which he opened 
on May 4th. In 1789 he engaged in the china, crockery and glassware business 



238 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

in the Fly Market. In 1799 he became insolvent. In 1803 he kept a boarding 
house at 25 Liberty Street. Thereafter his name disappeared from the direct- 
ories. He had a son of the same name who was an attorney but his name also 
disappeared at the same time. 



397 JOHN JOHNSTON. 

Manager 1792-1793. 
Honorary 1792. 

John Johnston, son of David Johnston, 13th President of the Society, was 
born at his father's country place "Annandale", Lithgow, New York, June 13th, 
1762. His mother was Magdalen Walton, daughter of Jacob Walton and Mary 
Beekman and grand-daughter of Admiral Walton of the British Navy. Mr. 
Johnston entered the legal profession and practiced law in New York City. In 
1791 he was a Captain in Company 3 of the 2nd Regiment, New York Militia. 
On May, 23, 1792, he married Susannah, daughter of Dr. Samuel Bard, who 
had a country place at Hyde Park. Thereafter he seems to have settled in 
Dutchess County and became first presiding judge of the Court of Common Pleas 
of that County. He died at Hyde Park, New York, August 29th, 1850, and 
was buried in St. James' Church cemetery there. 

[In 1792, on leaving the city, Mr. Johnston's name zt"<u placed on the 

Honorary list and in the published list of 1796, his name appeared as 

Johnston of "Annar Bank," no doubt intended for "Annandale," his father's 
country place. In the same publication, however, his name is also entered 
correctly and the Secretary of the day, knowing that there was an Annandale 
in Dumfriesshire, gave him the latter domicile. In consequence we have 
had two members on our Roll under dates of 1786 and 1792 when in fact 
there should be one ow/y.] 



398 JOHN KEMP, LL. D. ; F. R. S. E. 

Manager 1788-89. 

The following obituary appeared in the New York Spectator: "Died on 
Sunday morning, November 15, 1812, in the 50th year of his age, John Kemp, 
LL.D. ; F. R. S. E., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Colum- 
bia College. In the death of this gentleman the literary world and especially Col- 
umbia College hasi sustained a loss of no ordinarv' magnitude. He was bom at Ach- 
lossan, in Aberdeenshire, N. B., April 10, 1763. His early studies were prose- 
cuted with so much ardour and success that he received in the Spring of 1781. 
at the age of 18, the degree of ]\I. A. in Marischal College, Aberdeen, and, after 
a contest which lasted two days with unprecedented severity, bore away from 



786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 239 

ompetitors of high attainment, the prize of the Mathematical Bursary founded 
ly Dr. Lindell. Before he had reached his 21st year lie was elected a Fellow of 
he Royal Society of Edinburgh. Thus enriched with the treasures and laden 
vhh the honours of science at a period of life when others, for the most part 
ave acquired only the elements, and wearing the wreaths of victory over an- 
igonists by whom defeat would have been no disgrace, he came to the United 
(tates about the termination of the War for Independence. His first settlement 
.•as at Dumfries, in \'irginia. After a short residence in that place, where he 
ad charge of the Academy, he came to New York and was immediately employed 
1 Columbia College. His first appointment on the 4th of April, 1785, was to teach 
lathematics for one year. .At the expiration of the year he was chosen professor 
f that branch of study and engaged, pro tempore, to instruct the youth in 
natural Philosophy. His perfect and undisputed acquaintance with these depart- 
lents of science soon led to their combination in him altho' originally designed for 
wo professorships. As soon as the news of his appointment arrived in Britain 
he degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him unsolicited by King's 
"ollege, Aberdeen. He was also chosen a member of the Agricultural Society 
1 the State of New York at the constitution of that body. His occupations 
.ere now sufficiently extensive and laborious but notwithstanding he accepted, 
n the 8th of May, 1795, the additional charge of Professor of Geography, 
listory and Chronology, the functions of which new trust he continued to exer- 
ise, without relaxing his other Academical labours, until he found his strength 
nequal to elTorts from which his inclination never shrunk . . . His place 
annot easily be supplied. Good Mathematicians are few, experimental Philo- 
Dphers are fewer ; but the union of both in the same individual is rare and un- 
requent . . . His remains were deposited in the family vault in Wall 
(treet Church." 



99 JOHN KEVAN. 

John Kevan was in the grocery business and of the firm of Macwilliam & 
Cevan, which was dissolved. May 1st, 1785. He then became a partner in the 
rm of Kevan & Larson or Carson (each name appearing in directories of 
789 and 1790) and was located on Front Street. In 1795 the firm is styled 
."arson & Caven and their address is given as Lombard Street, corner of Rutgers 
itreet near the shipyards. Kevan died of yellow fever in November, 1798, and 
is brother, Douglas Caven, was appointed administrator of his estate. In the 
Tinted list of 1788 the name appeared as Gavin, but the spelling is taken from 
is signature when subscribing toward the proposed Saint Andrew's Hall in 
7S5. The spelling in the directories in undoubtedly phonetic. The name is now 
renounced by descendants with the accent on the second syllable whereas in 
hose days in New York and in Scotland still it is pronounced with the first 
yllable accentuated. 



240 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

400 WILLIAM KING. 

William King, according to the 1788 printed list of members, was a merchant 
of Jamaica. In 1786 he was of the firm of William King & Co., and opened a 
store at 65 William Street, New York, selling dry goods, boots and shoes. The 
name appeared in the Directories for 1786 and 1787 only and it is probable 
that King came to New York for the sole purpose of disposing of a surplus 
stock and then returned to Jamaica. He may, however, have been the William 
King who was a merchant in Philadelphia, who died prior to 1836, and who may 
have had connections in Jamaica. 



401 ALEXANDER LECKIE. 

Leckie was a large dry goods importer chiefly of English and Scottish 
goods. In 1778 he did business at 213 Queen Street, removing in September 
of that year to 320 Dock Street while in November he took a partner, the firm 
becoming Leckie & Forsyth. The following year they removed to 525 Hanover 
Square where they remained to the close of the war. He joined the Chamber 
of Commerce February 4, 1783. Being a Loyalist, he retired from New York and 
v.'ent to Shelburne, Nova Scotia. His subsequent career has not been traced. 



402 EDWARD LIVINGSTON. 

Edward Livingston was born in the year 1764, at Clermont, Livingston 
Manor, in Columbia County, New York. He went to school at Albany, and 
then at Kingston, Ulster County. In 1779 he entered an advanced class at 
Princeton College, where he took his degree of A. B. two years afterwards. 
Having selected the law for a profession, he pursued the study of it at Albany ; 
and upon being admitted to the bar in 1785, established himself in the City of 
New York. There, before he had attained the age of thirty, he had acquired 
a high reputation for his attainments as a jurist and ability as an advocate. 
In 1794 Mr. Livingston was elected a member of Congress from the district 
of New York and remained a memljer of that body for six years, being then in 
opposition to the government of Mr. Adams. Shortly after retiring from Con- 
gress he was appointed by Mr. Jefferson to the office of U. S. Attorney for the 
District of New York ; and in the year 1801-2 held the office of Mayor of the 
City of New York. Having become involved through the misconduct of persons 
intrusted with collections of debts for the United States, Mr. Livingston thought 
proper to resign his office, and removed to Louisiana, with the design of availing 
himself of the rising fortunes of that newly acquired territory to retrieve his 
pecuniary condition, a design in which he was successful. He ultimately paid the 
obligations which he had incurred, both principal and interest. He was ap- 
pointed by the Legislature of Louisiana one of the Commissioners to prepare 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 241 

1 system of Judiciary for that State. This gave rise to the civil code of Louisiana, 
justly considered as a work of great merit, and reflecting the highest credit 
jpon the framers. In 1821 lie was appointed sole Commissioner to prepare 
1 system of criminal law, which still further extended his reputation as a man 
jf profound mind and great learning. It attracted the public in Great Britain 
ind France ; and, as a work deserving the consideration of the world at large, it 
was reprinted in London, and translated into the French language at Paris. A 
iiographer of Mr. Livingston remarks: "The beauty of its arrangement, the 
ivisdom of its provisions, and the simplicity of its forms, have never been sur- 
passed, probably never equaled, in any similar work ; and it is not without entire 
justice that this admirable production has contributed, perhaps more than any 
>ther of his labours, to secure Mr. Livingston that eminent place which he holds 
imong those who are regarded not merely as distinguished jurists, but as eminent 
ihilanthropists." In 1853 Mr. Livingston was elected a member of Congress 
from the State of Louisiana ; and in 1829 was appointed by the Legislature to 
1 seat in the Senate. In 1831 he was appointed by President Jackson (whose aide 
be had been at the battle of New Orleans) to the office of Secretary of State, 
[n the year 1833 he was appointed Minister to France in a time of peculiar 
importance, and conducted his mission in the most satisfactory manner. On his 
return to America, in the spring of 1835, he retired to his seat at Rhinebeck, on 
ihe Hudson River, where he died on the 23rd day of May, 1836. — Valentine's 
Manual 1853. 



W3 JOHN ROBERT LIVINGSTON. 

John R. Livingston was a brother of the Chancellor, and third son of Judge 
Robert R. Livingston, of Clermont. He was born at Clermont, February 13th, 
1755, and died at Red Hook on the Hudson, September 26th, 1851. He does not 
seem to have seen any war service although tendered a commission in 1775 as 
[Taptain in the 4th (Dutchess) regiment, which he did not accept. Just before 
:he war he had powder mills on the Saw Kill near Red Hook. He was appointed 
October 3rd, 1776, by the New York Convention, Army Agent for the purchase 
yf clothing for the New York troops. He and Abraham Lott were allowed two 
ind one-half per cent, commission on their purchases. Judge Jones in his History 
relates an episode at Trenton, N. J., in which Livingston figured, which, if true, 
would stamp him as a man more ferocious than brave. On December 11, 1784, 
his wife, Margaret, died at Boston, where they had been for some time. On 
June 21, 1786, appeared the following notice in the press: "We hear that John 
R. Livingston, Esq., of this City, is appointed Secretary to his excellency, the 
President of Congress." On May 30, 1789, he married secondly, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Charles McEvers and in 1793 he was located at 24 Broadway. He 
was not successful as a merchant and eventually removed to Red Hook on the 
Hudson, dying at the great age of ninety-six years. 

[Re-elected in 1813 and appears on Roll under name of John F. Livingston.] 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

4(M WILLIAM SMITH LIVINGSTON. 

William S. Livingston, great-grandson of Robert Livingston "The Nephew", 
and nephew and godson of Chief Justice William Smith, the Historian, was 
born August 27, 1755. During the war he was stationed on the Hudson River 
under "General Putnam in 1777. Just before the British attack on Fort Mont- 
gomery, October 6, 1777, he had occasion to visit Governor Clinton, who detained 
him there, and employed him to meet the British flag, and on the storming of the 
Fort he was taken prisoner. He escaped from the prison-ship Martcl in Decem- 
ber, 1777. At the battle of Quaker Hill, Rhode Island, he was in command of 
Col. Webb's Connecticut regiment, and was slightly wounded, receiving praise 
from General Greene for his gallantry, August 29, 1778. He resigned his com- 
mission October 10, 1778. The Sons of the Revolution book states that he was 
Brigade Major of Stirling's Brigade at the Battle of Long Island, but the 
Livingston Book says that his being at the Battle is "doubtful." The latter 
work, however, states that he was "said to be at the Battles of Trenton and 
Princeton and wounded at the latter engagement." In 1779 he was admitted 
to practice as an attorney-at-law in all courts of record in the State of New Jersey. 
In 1786 he removed from 52 Wall Street to No. 50 Smith Street, "fronting 
Garden Street, commonly called the Old Dutch Church Street." He died June 
25, 1794, and was interred in the New Dutch Churchyard of this city. — Gen. and 
Biog. Rec. Vol 41, p. 199. 



405 CAPTAIN JAMES McARTHUR. 

Captain McArthur was a non-resident member of the Society and London 
is given as his home. In 1778 he was master of the brig Betsey trading to 
and from Glasgow with freight and passengers. In 1780 he was master of the 
ship Hercules, also of Glasgow, and in May of that year while on his voyage 
to New York, he was fired on, by mistake, by a British privateer. In 1786 he 
was master of the ship Sophia Baylcy trading between London, New York and 
Jamaica. At this time his agents in New York were Kerr and Blackburn, both 
members of this firm being members of the Society. 



406 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McCALL. 

Captain McCall was a mariner hailing from Antigua and received Honorary 
membership. He may have been one of the Philadelphia family of that name 
and in that case, son of George and grandson of Samuel, merchant in Glasgow. 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 243 

407 NE7\L McINTIRE. 

Xeal or Neil Mclntire was engaged in the wine and grocery business at 
19 Peck Slip and was located in that neighbourhood until 1797 while his residence 
was at 32 Beckman Street. In 1798 he removed to 43 Ferry Street and in 1799 
to the Bowery Lane. In June, 1800, he became insolvent and nothing is heard 
of him thereafter. 



408 MICHAEL McLACHLAN. 

At the time McLachlan became connected with the Society he was a visitor 
from Jamaica in the West Indies. In 1765 he was located either at Passage 
Port or St. Jago de la Vega in Jamaica. The Post Boy of May, 1765, relates 
a story of an attack on him by three negroes while on his way to the latter 
place. They stabljed him, pulled him off his horse, robbed him of upwards of £186, 
a silver snuff box and some wearing apparel. It may not be far fetched to 
imagine that he was on his way to New York. On December 30, of the same 
year, Lieut. Michael McLaughlin joined with others in a petition for lands and 
described themselves as "late belonging to the troops raised in the province of 
New York." This indicates that he served with the Provincial troops in the 
French and Indian war. On June 19th, 1786, he received a certificate of 
location of 4,980 acres of land, part of Township One, in Jessup's Purchase, 
Wells, Hamilton County. This may indicate that he took the American side 
during the Revolution, and got title to the lands previously allotted him. In 
1789 he became a resident of New York, and established a brewery at New 
Slip, which, in 1790, was named New Market. In 1793 he was a merchant at the 
Catherine Docks while his brewery was located at 36 Chatham Street. In 1797 
his general business was located at 4 Catherine Slip, and his brewery at 139 
Chatham Street. For a time Thomas Robertson was in partnership with him 
in carrying on the brewery. He died, January 23, 1802, and was buried in 
St. Paul's Churchyard, and on his tombstone it stated that he was a native 
of Scotland, "Who in infancy was left an orphan by the Rebellion of 1745." 
This stone, a flat slab embedded in the grass in the northwest corner of the yard, 
has at the top the crest of the Maclachlans and the present Chief, Maclachlan 
of Maclachlan, of Castle Lachlan, on being appealed to states that Michael was 
not a son of Lachlan of the '45, but that he probably belonged to a cadet branch 
of the family. On August 27th, 1802, Jane, the widow, married her late hus- 
band's brewer. Philip Garniss, a marriage which turned out unhappily. In 
December, 1804, they attacked each other in the newspapers, Garniss' notice 
being particularly brutal. The outcome of the controversy does not appear, but 
it is probable that Garniss was bought off. The only son of McLachlan, Alex- 
ander, died January 15th, 1819, aged 22 years, and is buried beside his father. 
His daughter, Julianna. married, September 18, 1814, David Gardiner, of the 
Gardiner's Island family. This Gardiner was a lawyer, and lived for many years 



244 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

in Lafayette Place, opposite the old Astor Library, in a house in Colonnade 
Row. He was a close friend of President Tyler. He and his daughters visited 
the President at Washington in 1844. On the trial trip on the Potomac of the 
steam frigate Princeton, February 28th, 1844, Gardiner and his two daughters 
were guests of the President. An explosion of one of the great guns took 
place and Gardiner was one of those killed. On June 26th, following, President 
John Tyler, married as his second wife, Juliaima, daughter of David Gardiner. 
The wedding breakfast was partaken of in the old house in Colonnade Row. 
After the death, in 1864, of Mrs. Gardiner, the daughter of Michael McLachlan, 
her will was contested and the case became quite a celebrated one. An account 
of it appears in New York Reports. .35, Tyler v. Gardiner. — Albany Land Grants; 
Wingatc's St. Paul's Chapel; The Press; et d. 



4C9 CAPTAIN DANIEL McPHERSON. 

Captain McPherson was a resident of Alexandria, Va.. whose Christian 
name was probably Donald, the change from Donald to Daniel being frequent 
in America. He seems to have been master of vessels belonging to Philadelphia. 
One of this name, and probably our member, as sailors proverbially go far 
afield for their wives, married in September, 1774, Ann Knight, of Antigua, 
according to the Parish Registers of St. Peter's in that Island. Captain Mc- 
Pherson died master of the Voltaire of Philadelphia, while on a voyage from 
Batavia to Amsterdam on Februarj' 8, 1822. 



410 REV. WALTER MONTEITH. 

Chaplain 1789-90; 1791-93. 

Mr. Monteith was a native of Scotland and was ordained pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church of New Brunswick, N. J., December 6th, 1786, at a salary of 
£200. He was of middle stature, dignified in mien and formal and precise in his 
manners, and dressed after the old fashion, wearing a wig well curled and 
powdered. He was a systematic and doctrinal preacher and was much respected 
by his people. He held this charge for eight years till April 22, 1794, when the 
connection was dissolved, and no reason therefor appears on the books of the 
Session or Presbytery. Dr. Robert Davidson, a subsequent pastor, who de- 
livered a historical address on the church, hints that it was possible that his 
salary was not paid as promptly as desirable. In August, 1792, he married 
Eleanor or Nelly Noel. In the Ne7i' York Gazette of October 19, 1799, appears 
a notice of his death at Albany, N. Y., on the 9th inst. and a long panegyric 
by a friend. His widow died January 3rd, 1831, in her 73rd year.— f/w/. Union 
and Middlesex Cos., N. J. 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 245 

411 MAJOR ANDREW MOODIE. 

Prior to the Revohition and as late as 1774, Andrew Moodie was a gunner in 
the Royal Artillery. In 1775 lie enlisted in the American army at Poughkeepsie, 
New York, and was appointed, December 6, 1775, Lieutenant in Captain John 
Lamb's Company of New York Artillery, and later Captain in the 2nd regiment 
Continental Corps of Artillery. The offer of this appointment may have been 
too much for his loyalty. In the assault on Quebec, December 31, 1775, while 
serving as Adjutant, he was taken prisoner, kept in confinement until paroled 
August 3, 1776, and then sent in a cartel to Elizabethtown, N. J. and exchanged 
April 18, 1777. In 1783 he was promoted Major by brevet and continued in 
the service until honourably discharged, January 1st, 1784. On April 17th, 
following, he was appointed Commissary-General of New York. He was a 
member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He married Margaret Galloway, 
and the following children were born to them, William, Ann, Margaret, Helen 
and Jean. In 1787 we find him as Weigh Master in New York. He died 
November 17th, 1787, and the obituary notice in the press says "he was a brave 
and accomplished military officer." He was buried with military honours. In 
1797 his children were reported to the Managers as "in great distress" and a 
sum of money was given them. — Prcs. Ch. Rcc; the Press. 



412 GENERAL STAATS LONG MORRIS, M. P. 

General Morris was a son of the Hon. Lewis and Catherine (Staats) Morris, 
grandson of the Hon. Lewis and Isabella (Graham) Morris and great grand- 
son of James Graham, Attorney General of the Province of New York, from 
whom the Morris family claimed its Scottish descent. General Morris was born 
in Morrisania, New York, August 27th, 1728. He was educated at Yale 
and entered the British army early in life, becoming Captain of the 36lh Foot, 
May 31st, 1756. That same year he married Lady Catherine Gordon, daughter 
of the 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, and widow of Cosmo, 3rd Duke of Gordon, and 
mother of the notorious Lord George and Lord William Gordon. Through 
the influence of his wife, Morris raised the 89th Highlanders and became its 
Lieutenant-Colonel, serving at the siege of the French Colony of Pondicherry 
in India, in 1761. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in 1763. 
Major General in 1777 and General in 1796. On September 14, 1768, he brought 
his wife, the Duchess of Gordon, to New York, coming out in the ship Bculali, 
Captain John Henderson. From 1774 to 1780 and again from 1780 to 1784, he 
served as M. P., for the Elgin Burghs. On September 17, 1786, he again 
landed in New York, having taken passage in the British packet Speedy and 
this time was promptly made a member of the Society. He was again a visitor 
to this country in 1791, when he landed in Philadelphia. Without doubt, his 
visits were for the purpose of looking after his property here, which he 
ultimately deeded to his relatives in this country, having no issue. His wife. 



246 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

the Duchess, died in 1779, and was buried in Elgin Cathedral and towards the 
end of the following year, he married Miss or Mrs. Jane Urquhart. In 1797, 
Morris was appointed Governor of Quebec, holding that office when he died, 
April 2nd, 1800. His remains were interred in the north aisle of Westminster 
Abbey on 7th April following. The lettering on the stone is now obliterated 
by the wear of countless feet. Through the courtesy of the late Whitelaw Reid, 
United States Ambassador to Great Britain and member of the Society, who, 
on our solicitation, appealed to the Abbey authorities, we are enabled to say 
that the stone lx)re only the simple inscription "Gen. Morris 1800." — Applcton; 
Brown; Bolton; Valentine's Manual; the Press. 



413 JAMES DE LANCEY MUIRSON, M. D. 

Dr. Muirson was a son of Dr. George Muirson, Sheriff of Suffolk County 
in 1764, a prominent citizen of r>rookhaven, L. I., a Loyalist, whose property 
was confiscated, and Mary, widow of Daniel Smith and daughter of the Rev. 
Benjamin Taylor. His grandfather, the Rev. George Muirson, who died in 
1708, was minister of the Episcopal Church in Rye, N. Y., and had married 
Gloriana, daughter of Col. William Smith, Proprietor of the Manor of St. George 
on Long Island. His father, Dr. George, died in New Haven, February 20, 
1786. James graduated from King's College, now Columbia, in 1772, and in 
1778 was a partner in the firm of De Normandie & Muirson, druggists and 
chemists at 214 Queen Street. He probably was of sporting proclivities and took 
part in the many races on Long Island inaugurated by the British officers, for 
there appeared in the press a notice that he was the owner of "a full blooded 
Barbary stallion." In 1782 he removed to 223 Queen Street, "head of the Fly 
Market" and in 1784 was located "near the Fly Market." In February, 1786, 
we find him at 150 Water Street, and a notice in the press states that "a house 
in Water Street, near the Crane, occupied by Dr. James Muirson, to be let." He 
disappeared thereafter from New York and is next heard of in London, where 
he made a claim before the Commissioners for compensation for the loss of 
his estate, consisting of 160 acres in Suffolk County, Long Island, and was 
awarded £660. He had two brothers, Heathcote, who fought on the American 
side and was killed, and Sylvester, who fought with the British and later l>ecame 
a Captain in that service. Dr. IMuirson died in London, September 12. 1791. — 
F. G. Mather; Westchester Wills; the Press. 

[This member appeared twice in Morrison's History as M orison and also 

as Morrison and imthont the middle namc.^^ 



414 ROBERT MUTER. 

Robert Muter was probably the Loyalist, evidently of Norfolk, whom Gen- 
eral Charles Lee in 1776 ordered Col. Muhlenberg to arrest and secure his 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 247 

effects. Muter was a resident of Virginia when he became an honorary member 
of the Society. He married at Norfolk, February 9th, 1771, Margaret, daughter 
of John Bell. Only one reference to any one of this name in Virginia, other 
than the above, has been found and this was a notice of a legacy to Robert 
Muter by Thomas Perkins, Esq.. of Yorktown, Virginia. On ajjpealing to the 
Muter family in Scotland we were informed that about 1786 there was one 
Robert Muter who had been at St. Vincent, who had stayed some time in Amer- 
ica and had returned prior to 1790 to Stonehouse in Lanarkshire, the ancestral 
home of the family, and settled on the farm of Sidehead and died about 1799. 
Another Robert died at Wilmington, N. C, in July, 1806, aged 59 years. — Lee 
Papers; the Press. 



41. S LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES PATON 

James Paton came from Stirling in 1774 and settled in Woodbridge, N. J. 
When the war broke out lie joined the Light Dragoons (2nd regiment. Con- 
tinental Army) commanded by Col. Elisha .Sheldon of Connecticut, when they 
were first organized in 1776, and continued his connection with them until 
1779. In January, 1778, he was commissioned as a Cornet. In the skirmish 
of the 7th and Sth of June, 1780, near Connecticut Farms, N. J., Paton was 
wounded by a ball entering below his left temple and coming out nearly op- 
posite. He managed to reach the home of his uncle John Adams where he was 
concealed until the 19th when he was made prisoner and placed on parole. In 
the skirmish he had been acting under the command of Capt. Obadiah Meeker 
of the Essex Horse which was in the force commanded by General William 
Alexander "Lord Stirling." In 1788 he was commissioned by Governor Liv- 
ingston Captain of the First Battalion of Middlesex (New Jersey) Militia. 
In 1792 Captain Paton was assigned by Gov. Paterson to the command of a 
company of light infantry organized in that county. He was placed on Gov. 
Bloomfield's staff in 1811 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, having seven 
years previously held a Major's commission in the First regiment, Middlesex 
Militia. He was twice commended for his bravery and spirit by his commanding 
officers. He died November 6, 1816, in his 58th year. He had married twice — 
to Hannah Edgar, daughter of David Edgar, who died in 1801, and to Ann 
Bloomfield, sister of Governor Joseph Bloomfield of New Jersey, who survived 
him 34 years. He left one child, David Edgar Paton, who became a member 
of the Society and died without issue. — IVilliam Edgar in Perth Amboy Evening 
Nezus, August 30, 1911; Daily's Woodbridge and Vicinity. 



416 ALEXANDER PEACOCK. 

On July 10, 1784, McDonald & Peacock, merchants in the Fly Market, dis- 
solved partnership. In November, 1784, all the stock of Alexander Peacock, No. 



248 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

32 opposite the Fly Market, consisting of rum, sugar, china, delft and glass- 
ware, was sold by auction for the benefit of his creditors. One of his assignees 
was John Taylor a fellow member. For a time no mention of him appeared 
but about 1790 he seems to have become a butcher and occupied stall No. 45 
for many years in the Fly Market and had as well a place in the Bowery Lane. 
He also had a farm on Long Island probably at Peacock's Point, near Glen Cove. 
He died December 21, 1821, aged 77 years, and his wife Ruth died in Brooklyn 
September 10, 1836, aged 57 years. This may have been a second wife judging 
by the difference in ages. Eliza Ann Peacock, of Peacock's Point, Long Island, 
married Edward Vail, of Vail, Kensett & Co., on November 7, 1844. 



417 JOHN ROBERTSON. 

John Robertson was a merchant tailor doing business at 8 Water Street 
and later at 25 Water Street. He was probably the brother of Alexander Rob- 
ertson, member 1784, as it is known that the latter had a brother John. He 
died of yellow fever October 15, 1795, leaving his wife Maria and seven young 
children. The Diary styles him "an honest, industrious, peaceable citizen.'' The 
widow endeavoured to carrv on the business. 



418 JAMES RONALDS. 

Manager 1803-1812. 

James Ronalds was born in Paisley in 1752 and came to this country about 
1776. During the Revolution he removed to Bedford, Westchester County, and 
in 1783 he was located in New Rochelle where he conducted a public tavern. 
He returned to New York after the Evacuation and wrought as a joiner and 
carpenter, living at 107 Queen Street, and carrying on business at 89 Fair 
(Fulton) Street. He had the contract with Samuel Thomson to build the Pres- 
byterian church in Murray Street, removed many years ago to 8th Street. Sco- 
ville adds "The original name of Ronalds was Ronald, he adding an 's' after 
he came to this countrj-." In the first city directory his name appeared as "Ron- 
nells. Carpenter;" in 1789 as "Ronalds, Cabinet-maker;" and in 1803 as "Ronalds, 
Carpenter and Builder." In 1809 he was director in the Washington Mutual 
Insurance Company. He married Margaret Ritchie, a sister of Captain William 
Ritchie, member 1774. Ronalds died Sunday, May 17th, 1812, and his widow 
Margaret died on the Friday following. 



419 ALEXANDER ROSS. 

Alexander Ross was a baker at the corner of Gold and Goldenhill streets 
hich later became known as 65 John Street. On November 26, 1797, he 



w 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 249 

married Barbara, daughter of Casper Salmer. At his death on July 12, 1805, 
he left valuable property in the city and his fellow members, Thomas Stevenson 
and George Gosman were his executors. His will mentions no children. 



420 ROBERT ROSS. 

Robert Ross seems to have been a Deputy Commissary-General during 
the French and Indian war, his superior being Robert Leake. Leake, Ross and 
Frederick William Hecht, another deputy, joined in several petitions to the 
government for grants of large tracts of land throughout the Province and 
appear to have been very successful. In 1773 Ross became Executor of Robert 
Leake and in 1774 his address in an advertisement, is given as "at the North 
River." In October, 1782, in a letter from John Graham of St. Augustine, 
Florida, to Sir Guy Carleton in New York, it is stated that Ross resided for 
many years as a merchant and planter in the Cherokee Indian country, probably 
subsequent to 1763, the closing year of the French and Indian War, and in a 
Memorial by Ross himself to Carleton it is stated that he served in the Com- 
missary-General's Department as Comptroller of Transports Accounts during 
the Revolution. General Leslie writes Carleton in 1782 that he had appointed 
Ross temporarily as Commissary of prisoners and had sent him to Havana with 
the Spanish prisoners under a flag of truce. In the pamphlet published in 1788 
he is there styled "Joiner," the old Scottish term for carpenter which probably 
meant that he was a builder. He died August 16th, 1790, leaving no will and 
was then styled of "New York City, Gentleman," thus testifying to the fact 
that he had retired from business. His widow, Deborah White, was appointed 
Administratrix. She died in 1812. They left a daughter Margaret who died 
at Eastchester, October 17, 1812, another daughter Ann and a son Robert. 
This Robert located in New Rochelle and married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
and Mary (Scott) Litchfield, and granddaughter of John Morin Scott. This 
lady died February 15, 1799. Ross married secondly his wife's half sister .\nn 
Scott, daughter of Dr. Charles McKnight and Mary (Scott) Litchfield. Robert 
Ross died at his seat in East Chester. July 11, 1818, and his widow died Decem- 
ber 7, 1838. They left a daughter Mary Adelaide who became the wife of 
Thomas Ellison and died at New Windsor, New York, September 30, 1845. 



421 CAPTAIN HUGH RUSSELL 

Captain Russell was for nearly thirty years master of the ship Hercules 
trading between London, New York, Savannah and Antigua. He received 
Honorary meml>ership in the Society and in 1788 is designated "of Antigua." 
He died, after a lingering illness, at Savannah, Ga., July 22nd, 1797, in his 
sixty-third year. 



250 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

422 WILLIAM SEMPLE. 

William Semple was a merchant of Philadelphia and a member also of 
the Saint Andrew's Society of that city of which he became Secretary in 1771 
and Treasurer in 1772. In 1766 he occupied a store in Front Street near Wal- 
nut Street where he dealt in a general assortment of dry goods and in 1769 
and 1770 was associated with one Buchanan as Semple & Buchanan at the same 
stand. In 1771 he appears as doing business under his sole name down to 1775. 
During the Revolution he has not been traced and may have been a Loyalist. 
After that period Robert Semple, probably a son, did business in New York 
and Philadelphia. William who was an honorary member of this Society no 
doubt came here on a visit to Robert. One William Semple died at Bath, Eng- 
land, March 17, 1789. No sketch of William Semple has appeared in either 
of the volumes published by the Philadelphia Society. 

[Appeared in History as William Sample.] 



423 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER STEWART. 

Captain Stewart was the son of Alexander Stewart, cooper and wine mer- 
chant in Bayard Street, member 1773. In early life Stewart went to sea and as 
early as 1768, when only twenty-two years of age, was master of the sloop 
Peggy trading to Bermuda and Antigua while at the same time he was engaged 
in the ship chandlery business in Rotten Row, removing in 1769 to Cruger's 
Wharf, probably the same location. In 1770 he became a member of the Ma- 
rine Society, and a Freeman of the City, and was master of the sloop George. 
In 1771 he was in partnership with James, his brother, and the firm was James 
and Alexander Stewart, doing business at the same address. In 1772 he was 
master of the ship Hope trading to Liverpool and in 1775 of the Henrietta from 
St. Thomas and Liverpool. In 1778 a firm of the same name was engaged in 
business at Hacketts Town, Sussex County, New Jersey. From 1784 to 1812 
Capt. Stewart was in several partnerships, Stewart & Jones, Randall Son & 
Stewarts and A. Stewart & Co., in business as ship chandlers. He married 
about 1785, Elizabeth McCurdy, and had several children: Alexander John. 
Robert James a member of the firm when he died of consumption in his twenty- 
third year at his father's seat at Bloomingdale, Ann Susan who married Edward 
L. SchieiTelin the son of Jacob the druggist, Elizabeth who married James K. 
Hamilton, Susan B., Sarah M. and Janet. Mr. Stewart died January 20th, 1808, 
and was buried from his house in Garden Street. — Scoz'ille; Contemporary Press. 



424 CAPTAIN FRANCIS TELFORD. 

Captain Telford was probably a native of Dumbarton for in his will he 
leaves $500 to the Parish Church of that town, although this bequest was 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 251 

cancelled by a subsequent codicil. When he became a non-resident member of 
the Society in 1786 he gave his home as Greenock, Scotland. He subsequently 
located in New York, and then became a resident member. He sailed to many 
ports and some of the vessels he commanded belonged to Robert Lenox. In 
1793, while going from Barbadoes to Dominica in the schooner Adonis, he was 
captured by the French privateer Petit Triomphc, of 6 carriage guns and 6 
swivels, and according to his own story was plundered of everything "except an 
old check shirt, leaving him nearly in a state of nature." He writes bitterly 
against the French from on board the prison ship in Port Royal, Martinique. 
He became a member of the Marine Society in 1790. In 1808 Capt. Telford 
was master of the ship Phoenix, and while on a voyage from New York to 
Lisbon was again captured by the French on November 23rd of that year. 
Two large 44 gun frigates and two flutes of 20 guns each, pierced for 48 guns, 
on their way with stores to the Island of Guadeloupe, overhauled him and took 
the Phoenix in tow, transferring to the French ships all the crew except a boy. 
Ne.xt day boat crews came aboard and plundered the Phoenix of everything 
that suited them and then scuttled her. Telford and the boy were taken aboard 
the Clorinda frigate where he remained a prisoner until December 7th, when 
he was sent on board the Loire frigate. On the 13th both frigates struck on 
the west coast of Antigua, and Telford adds "where we touched also, and 
shortly lost sight of the frigates and never saw them more." On the morning 
of the 18th they passed St. Johns Harbour and in the evening were close in with 
the North end of Basseterre, Guadaloupe. The following morning they were 
chased by a number of British cruisers into a small port called Lanslybam, 
where all the prisoners were landed. They were forced to march by land to 
Basseterre and there Telford was detained in prison seven weeks until the 
Island was captured by the British. The Hag under which he had so long sailed 
and which had protected him in his younger days came to his rescue in his 
later years but Telford had no words of gratitude to waste in the story given 
to the press on April 25th, 1810, in the form of an affidavit. His wife Rebecca 
died in August, 1817, aged 61 years, and he survived her until 1836, dying 
on August 22nd, at the patriarchal age of 96. He had a daughter Rebecca 
who became the wife of William Scott of New Rochelle, New York, a lumber 
merchant in New York City, and a member of the Society. 



42.S CAPTAIN JAMES TYRIE. 

Manager 1801-1803. 

Captain Tyrie became an honorary member while a resident of Greenock 
and may have been a native of that place. He became a resident member in 
1801. He has been traced as master of many vessels trading to London, St. 
Petersburg, Liverpool, Barcelona. Gibraltar, etc. Before the Revolution he was 
in the employment of Shedden and Goodrich and may have engaged in priva- 



252 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1786 

teering, that firm having many ships engaged in that work. In 1785, while in 
the brig Apollo, on his return from the bay of Honduras, he was cast away on 
Glover's Reef. In 1794 he was captured by the French frigate Galatea and 
carried into Brest. He became a member of the Marine Society in 1788. In 
1801 he left the sea and opened a grocery and ship chandlery store at 74 Water 
Street and later removed to 123 Front Street. He died December 16tli, 1806. 
in his 48th year. This Society, the Marine Society, the several Masonic Lodges 
of the city and the pilots of the port, together w-ith his friends and acquaintances 
attended his funeral. His wife, Phoel>e, survived him until November 6th, 1834, 
dying at the age of 66 years. 



426 MAJOR-GENERAL PIERRE VAN CORTLANDT, LL.D. 

Pierre Van Cortlandt, second son of Lieut. -Governor Pierre Van Cortlandt 
and Johanna Livingston, was born at the Cortlandt Manor House, Croton-on- 
Hudson, August 29, 1762, and died there June 13, 1848. After receiving a com- 
mon school education he entered Rutgers College from which he graduated 
in 1783 and in 1843 his Alma Mater conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. 
After leaving college he studied law under Alexander Hamilton and after a 
time began to practice and soon entered politics. In 1792-4 and 5 he was a 
member of the State Assembly. He was a presidential elector for Jefferson 
in 1800 and for General William Harrison in 1840. In 1811-12 he represented 
his district in Congress. On the death of his brother, General Philip, in 1831 
he succeeded to the estate and thereafter became active in Westchester County 
affairs. In 1833 he was elected President of the Westchester County Bank and 
continued so till his death. He was also active in State military matters and 
attained the rank of Major-General. On June 4, 1801, he married first Cath- 
arine Taylor, widow of Capt. John Taylor, of the British army, and daughter 
of Governor George Clinton. This lady died at Peekskill, N. Y., January 10, 
1811, and on May 10, 1813, he married, secondly, Ann, daughter of John Ste- 
venson of Albany, by whom he had a son Pierre who eventually succeeded 
to the estate. This second wife died at Albany, February 20, 1821. In religious 
matters General Van Cortlandt was afiiliated with the Episcopal Church and 
for many years acted as one of the Wardens of the church in Peekskill, New 
York. — Appleton; Strykcrs Am. Reg.; Hough's Am. Biog. Notes. 



427 JOHN WATTS. 

Manager 1790-91 ; Second \'ice-President 1791-92. 

John Watts was born in New York City, August 27, 1749, and died there 
September 3, 1836. He was a son of the Hon. John Watts (member of the 
Kings' Council) and Ann de Lancey. He graduated from King's (Columbia) 



1786 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 253 

College in 1766 with the degree of A. M. and delivered the Latin Salutatory. 
Thereafter he studied law and in 1774, when 25 years of age, was appointed 
Recorder of the City of New York, and was the last to hold that office under 
the Crown. From 1791 to 1794 he was Speaker of the Assembly of New York, 
from 1793 to 1796 a member of Congress and from 1802 to 1808 was a Judge 
of Westchester County. His home was at No. 3 Broadway and his summer 
residence was near New Rochelle on a slope overlooking Hunter's Island. He 
was one of the wealthiest men of New York and owned much property, not only 
there but throughout the State. He was very fine looking. As a writer and 
speaker he possessed much conciseness of expression, and Samuel R. Ruggles 
once said of him that "John Watts could express more on a page of notcpaper 
than most men could on a sheet of foolscap." John G. Leake, a wealthy resident 
of New York City, dying childless, left his extensive properties to his relative 
Robert J. Watts on condition that Mr. Watts should assume the name of Leake. 
That gentleman, the only living son of John, accepted the property on the terms 
mentioned, but very soon died. Mr. Leake's will being defective as to the real 
estate owned by him it escheated to the State of New York, but the personal 
property went to Robert, and from him to his father, who being grieved that 
his only male representative should have consented to change his name, and 
deeply afflicted by the loss of his son, determined that he would not benefit 
personally by the money thus acquired but apply it to the purpose designed by 
Mr. Leake in case Robert J. Watts had not assumed the name. He then founded 
and endowed the charity entitled The Leake and Watts Orphan House. Mr. 
Watts married his cousin Jane de Lancey in October, 1775, and they were 
considered the handsomest couple of their day. His statue is now in Trinity 
Churchyard robed as Recorder. — Applcton; Scliarf ; N. Y. Biog. Mag. 



1787 



428 ANDREW AITKEN. 

Andrew Aitken, according to a certain Genealogy, was the son of Thomas 
Aitken, and a native of Ayrshire, who came to the Province of New York in 
1775. Only one reference to this member has been found in the newspapers of 
his day. The imaginative author of the above work, forgetting the old proverb 
that "A' Stewarts are nae sib to the King," suggests the family's connection with 
certain Aitkens in Fifeshire entitled to bear arms and describes the particular 
coat minutely, and appropriates it without any scintilla of proof. Andrew mar- 
ried Ann Lemon, probably in 1784, and the genealogist is equally generous and 
indefinite in providing her with possible distinguished ancestry. He was probably 
unaware that in 1825 George Robertson published an exhaustive work on the 
Families of Ayrshire entitled to bear arms and failed to mention any family of 



254 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1787 

Aitken in that County. Andrew Aitken, according to the City directories was 
a shoemaker engaged in his trade at 40 Broadway in 1786, in 1789 at 23 Water 
Street, and in 1790 and 1791 at 60 Water Street, and these are the only references 
in that mine of information. In those days shoemakers were often cordwainers, 
that is, dealers in and sometimes manufacturers of leather, but no evidence has 
as yet been found that Aitken was other than a maker and seller of shoes. In 
the pamphlet published by this Society in 1788 Aitken is there designated "shoe- 
maker", thereby confirming the directories. The Presbyterian Church Records 
give the birth of a daughter Mary, July 5, 1787, and the Genealogy gives a son 
John born in New York Saint Andrew's Day, 1785, who was sent to Edinburgh 
to be educated, and who is the first of the name in the Genealogy, to be accorded 
any extended notice. Aitken died in July, 1793. No will appears in the office of 
the Surrogate of New York nor were Letters of Administration granted. His 
widow Ann advertised asking that debtors pay up. 



429 JOHN AULDJO. 

John Auldjo was a non-resident member whose domicile was in London, 
according to our meagre Records. One Thomas Auldjo from 1791, or earlier, 
was American Vice-Consul at Poole, England, and had his residence in Cowes. 
One John Auldjo was here in 1796 as a letter addressed to him lay in the New 
York post office, and was advertised. One Mr. Auldjo and family came here in 
the ship Amity from Liverpool on May 13, 1818. One Alexander Auldjo for 
thirty-five years a resident of Montreal died in London in 1821 at the age of 63. 
It is more than probable that John Auldjo came here in 1787 on his way to Mont- 
real having business relations with Alexander. Our member may have been a 
son of John Auldjo of Portlethen, Aberdeenshire, who died at his house of 
Claypools on the 16th August, 1786, in his 76th year. George Auldjo, who 
succeeded John of Portlethen, became Provost of Aberdeen. 



430 ROBERT CAMPBELL. 

Robert Campbell, youngest son of Samuel Campbell, bookseller and book- 
binder in Edinburgh, was born there April 28, 1767. He was a brother of 
Samuel, member 1785, and probably came out to America at his solicitation. In 
December, 1782, he or one of the same name, taught surveying, drawing, etc., at 
18 Duke Street. If the date of birth be correct he was not then sixteen years of 
age. In the pamphlet of 1788 his vocation is given as bookseller, but the name 
does not appear in the City directory. He was probably employed by his brother 
Samuel. After a time Mr. Campbell removed to Philadelphia and engaged in 
business there as a printer, publisher, bookseller and stationer. In 1790 he 
advertised from "his new Book and Stationery Store, on the West side of Second 



1787 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 25S 

Street, below the market and five doors above Chestnut Street." He was very 
successful and in 1800, while in the prime of life, he had acquired a competence 
and intended to retire to enjoy it. Returning by water from Ualtimore by way of 
Newcastle, where he had gone to close out his interests there, he was caught in a 
rainstorm and thoroughly drenched. Apparently pneumonia set in and after 
five days he died on August 14, 1800, at his country residence at Frankford, now 
within the city limits of Philadelphia. He left a widow and at least two sons, 
Robert and Samuel. The New York branch of the family has lost all trace of 
the Philadelphia branch. A portrait of Robert Campbell is in the possession of 
the New York family now at Morristown, New Jersey. — Miss H. K. Campbell; 
N. v.; Philadelphia Press. 



431 JAMES FERGUSON. 

James Ferguson was a grocer "near the Teawater pump," who was in part- 
nership with John Rankin during 1789 and 1790. In 1791 the partnership was 
dissolved and Ferguson seems to have been alone at 98 Water Street, corner of 
Dover Street. In 1795 the numbering was changed to 278 Water Street. In 
1797 Ferguson & Sloley had porter vaults at the same address. This Ferguson 
was named John, however, and may have been a son. In 1798 James removed to 
2 Bowery Lane. In 1803 he became insolvent and in 1805 petitioned for discharge 
from bankruptcy. He was then located on Greenwich Street near the State 
prison. From that date it is difficult to trace him, there appearing to be another 
of the same name in the grocery business. In 1818 one of this name was at 
440 Greenwich Street, after which the name no longer appeared in the directories. 



432 GEORGE GOSMAN. 

Manager 1792-93: 1799-1800. 

George Gosman, son of James Gosman of Edinljurgh and Margaret Wright 
his wife, was born in Scotland, probably in Edinburgh, in the year 1754. He no 
doubt came to New York with his brother Robert, who arrived in September, 
1774. During the Revolutionary War he served with the New Jersey troops, 
according to a tradition in the family, but the name does not appear in Stryker's 
list of New Jersey soldiers of the Revolution. Gosman was a master mason and 
builder and was located at 2 Cortlandt Street. As early as 1779 he was conrtected 
with the First Associate Reformed Church. In 1788 he was ordered by the City 
to remove Pitt's mutilated statue, which had become an eyesore and objectionable 
to the people. Gosman was a man of considerable means and charitable withal. 
In 1789 he donated 90 fowls, 11 ducks, 20 pounds of butter and $30 in money 
to the poor who were suffering from yellow fever. In 1789 he acted as Insjiector 
of Elections and in 1797 his name appears in the list of volunteer firemen. He 



256 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1787 

was one of those who subscribed in 1791 for two shares of stock of the Bank of 
New York. He married Janet Duncan and raised a family of nine children, five 
being daughters: Elizabeth; Janet who married Peter DeWitt, June 15, 1807; 
Margaret who married Rev. Robert Bruce, May 24, 1810; Ann Wright who mar- 
ried Abraham Halsey, July 26, 1816, and Joanna Mary who married William E. 
Wilmerding, May 14, 1821. The sons were George Wright who became a mem- 
ber of the Society in 1807; Robert who died October 15, 1815, at the early age 
of 24 years; William who married a Miss Brokaw, and Thomas Beveridge who 
married Margaret Rankin. George Gosman died May 26, 1820, aged 66 years 
and his widow Janet died April 22, 1823. — The Press; Miss I. H. Gasman. 



433 ROBERT GOSMAN. 

Robert Gosman was also the son of James Gosman of Edinburgh and Mar- 
garet Wright and was born in Scotland, probably in Edinburgh, January 14, 
1756. He left his native land and arrived in New York in September, 1774, and 
engaged in the business of a master carpenter and builder, locating in 1789 at 
60 Crown Street and ten years later at 108 Liberty Street. During the Revolu- 
tionary War he served with the New Jersey troops, according to the tradition in 
the family, but the name does not appear in Stryker's list. In 1812, on account 
of the ill health of his son Jonathan B., he removed to Kingston, Ulster County, 
where his son John was minister of the Reformed Dutch Church in that village. 
In 1818 he removed to Red Hook, Dutchess County, to the home of his daughter 
Eliza, wife of the Rev. Andrew N. Kittle, where he remained until 1835, remov- 
ing with his daughter and son-in-law to Stuyvesant, Columbia County. Mr. 
Gosman was twice married ; first to Elizabeth Steinhour by whom he had two 
sons, James and John; second to Joanna Blake by whom he had three children, 
Jonathan B. (b. N. Y. Sept. 1, 1787), Eliza and Margaret. He was connected 
with the First Associate Reformed Church in 1779 and like his brother was a 
volunteer fireman. He also subscribed for two shares of the stock of the Bank 
of New York. He was a man of considerable means and sent his sons to Colum- 
bia College. Jonathan B., writing of his father, said "he was an excellent, 
exemplary and very useful man." His wife Joanna died at Stuyvesant, February 
26, 1838, at the age of 80 and he followed her January 10, 1841, aged 85.— The 
Press; Miss Gosnian, great-granddaughter. 



434 CAPTAIN CHARLES GRANT. 

In 1782 Captain Grant was master of the ship iVcic York in the London 
trade and later was master of the ship Mercury from Tenerifife. He was elected 
to Honorary membership in the Society. 



1787 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 257 

435 ANDREW GRAY. 

Andrew Gray kept a slopshop or ready made clothing store on Front Street 
near the Fly Market. He died prior to September, 1793, his will being proved on 
September 24th of that year, and his executors were three members of the Society. 
He left a son John and a daughter Jane. 



436 JAMES JOHNSTON. 

James Johnston was first in the grocery and provision business at 188 Water 
Street and later engaged in the purchase and sale of Bankers' certificates, which 
probably meant that he dealt in exchange. In 1791 he appears on the Assessment 
Roll for £600 personal property. In 1793 he assigned to Robert Lenox and others, 
pnd was styled in the newspapers "Absconding and fraudulent debtor" to which 
libel he objected in a letter dated "Philadelphia, April 28, 1794," saying that he 
had submitted to the laws of Pennsylvania and had been discharged as an insolvent 
debtor. He died prior to 1808 for his widozi' was then being assisted by the 
Managers. 



437 GEORGE LINDSAY. 

Manager 1791-92. 

George Lindsay was a native of Scotland. As early as 1766 the firm of 
Lindsay & Sharp, stonecutters, was located at the foot of Ellis Slip, and on Janu- 
ary 31, 1769, Lindsay became a Freeman of the City. Whether or not this was 
our member we are not prepared to say, but it is a fair inference that he was. 
In 1784 Brown & Lindsay, stone and marble cutters, advertised that they had 
returned to the City in July, showing that during the British occupation they 
had become refugees. They located at the foot of Crown Street. North River. 
In 17% the firm became Lindsay & Knox and their location was Washington 
Street near Greenwich Street. On the death in 1804 of George Knox, his part- 
ner, Lindsay became associated with Alexander Campl>ell and the firm became 
Lindsay & Campbell. In 1798 Lindsay was Assistant Alderman in the Fourth 
Ward. Grant Thorburn refers to Lindsay and states that Lindsay was at his 
marriage. In 1796 his name appeared as one of the Directors of the Missionary 
Society and in 180+ as a subscriber to the Free School building. He accumulated 
considerable property and in his will devised $1,000 to the Trustees of the Scotch 
Church, $250 to the United Foreign Society and $250 to the New York Orphan 
Asylum. In the Scotch Church at 96th Street and Central Park West, over 
which congregation Lindsay had been a ruling elder for nearly half a century, 
there is a tablet to his memory. He left a widow, Elizabeth, but evidently no 
children. His name son George Lindsay, son of his partner Campbell, was left 
$3,000 in trust. Lindsay died January 26, 1826, in his 84th year. His obituary 



258 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1787 

in the CommercicJ Advertiser states that "Seldom, indeed, has the benign influence 
of the truths of Christianity been more strikingly illustrated than in the life and 
death of George Lindsay." His widow Elizabeth lived to the age of 98 years 
and died May 25, 1847. 



438 JOHN McCLELLAN. 

This member was of the firm of McQellan & Tabele, located at 68 William 
Street and designated in the directory as Storekeepers, while one of their adver- 
tisements shows that carpets were their specialty. In 1793 the firm was dissolved, 
McClellan continuing to carry on the business. His name appeared in the direc- 
tory of 1794 for the last time. His name was dropped from the membership list 
published in 1796. 



439 AENEAS McKAY. 

Tn 1783 McKay was in London, living at No. 5 Crown Court, Westminster, 
and under date of July 1 sent a "Memorial" to Sir Guy Carleton in which he 
outlined his prior activities. He stated that he had been ensign and adjutant in 
the 52nd Regiment and in 1777 quitted the army; that he had been active in the 
discipline of the Loyalists in New York under General Robertson ; that he 
believed his situation would have been dangerous had he remained (in New 
York), and that he was then in London without money or friends. He appealed 
for a commission as lieutenant, quartermaster or adjutant either in the regular 
army or in one of the provincial regiments so as to entitle him to be placed on 
half-pay. McKay seems to have got no encouragement and therefore braved the 
danger of returning to New York. In November, 1779, he was appointed Assist- 
ant Barrack Master at New York. It is probable that McKay exaggerated his 
services in "disciplining" or drilling the Loyalists. He was actually engaged, for 
a time at least, as a deputy agent of the contractors for victualling the troops in 
North America, and this work probably influenced his choice of a business when, 
^i 1787, he opened a grocer's shop at 38 Cherry Street. His venture was not a 
successful one and in 1798 he became insolvent and unable to make a settlement. 
When over sixty years of age he began teaching school in order to eke out a 
living and continued to do so until his death, March 27, 1812, at the age of 74 
years. — Carleton Papers; Hist. MSS. Com.; the Press. 



440 JOHN McQueen. 

John McQueen was a native of Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, and probably the 
son of John, member 1756. If so he was "beyond the seas" when his father died 
in 1784. McQueen was a tailor and habit maker and for many years was located 



1787 SATNT ANDREWS SOCIETY 259 

at 12 Ferry Street. In 1791 he .subscribed to three shares of the stock of the 
Bank of New York. In 1812 he was connected with the Brick Church. His 
dauf^fhter Ann married John Graham, 19th President of the Society. He died 
in his 61 st year on May 18, 1818, and his widow Elizabeth survived him until 
May 13, 1840, when she died at 117 Chambers Street, the home of her son-in-law, 
at the aije of 85 years. 



441 CAPTAIN DANIEL MARTIN. 

Captain Martin was master of the brig Favourite Lass cnp^aged in the West 
Indian trarlc. In 1789 he was master of the brigantine Jcanic for Glasgow and 
in 1792 had command of the ship Britannia for Glasgow with passengers and 
freight. In 1795 he had command of the packet ship Amsterdam for Greenock. 
No later reference has been found. His name was omitted from the published 
list of 1796. He may have been the Daniel Martin of Red Lion Street, Wapping, 
who died April 3, 1795. 



442 WALTER MINTO, LL.D. 

Dr. Minto was born at Coldingham, in the Merse, Berwickshire, December 6, 
1753, and died at Princeton, N. J., October 28, 1796. He graduated from Edin- 
burgh University and became tutor in the family of George Johnstone, once 
Governor of West Florida, and traveled with his charges over the continent of 
Europe. He came to this country in 1786 and became principal of an academy 
at Flushing, Long Island, but resigned a year later on being appointed to the 
Chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Princeton, which position he 
filled till his death. He married at Pleasant Hill near Princeton on October 5, 
1789, Maria, daughter of Joseph Skelton. He received the degree of LL.D. from 
Aberdeen in 1787 and was the author of several interesting works, the best 
remembered of which is An Account of the Life and Writini^s of John Napier of 
Mcrchislon published in 1787. — Peter Ross; The Press. 



443 JOHN PATERSON. 

On December 14, 1786, the firm of Kollock, Carroll & Paterson of The 
Evcninf^ Post announced its dissolution, the buying out of Kollock and the con- 
tinuance of the paper by Carroll & Paterson at 32 Maiden Lane. In 1789 Pater- 
son was located as a printer at 34 Fair Street, now Fulton, and from 1795 to 
1797 as a printer and bookseller at 54 Partition Street. His name does not 
appear in the directories after 1797. His zi'idon' Elizabeth died at 62 Oliver 
Street, the home of her son Alexander, a gilder, on November 30, 1831, aged 
about 85 years. 



260 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1787 

444 DUNBAR SLOAN. 

No reference to Dunbar Sloan prior to the Revolution has been found. He 
was a Loyalist who went to the Barbadoes, but not liking the climate went thence 
to Halifax, and for several years carried on the iron business in Lower Water 
Street in that city. He became a member of the North British Society of Halifax. 
Later he came to New York and re-established himself in business. In 1793 he 
was a member of the firm of William Buchanan & Co., in the dry goods business, 
which was dissolved that year. In 1822 he had a farm of 230 acres on the East 
bank of the Passaic about two miles above Newark bridge, New Jersey. He 
died in New York, November 13, 1836, after a lingering illness, aged 82 years. 
So far as known he left two sons, James S. Sloan in the grocery business and 
William Dunbar Sloan a wood inspector and grocer also. The latter's eldest 
daughter, Ann Eleanor, married Nathaniel Thorn on January 1st, 1837. — Sketch 
Book, North British Society of Halifax; The Press. 



445 JAMES STUART. 

Manager 1795-96; 1797-98; 1800-02; 1S07-16. 

James Stuart dealt in fine groceries and wines as well as ships' stores, and 
was located at 10 Smith Street. On March 12, 1792, he became a Freeman of 
the City. In 1794 he removed to 17 William Street and in 1800 to No. 10 in the 
same street, where he remained until his death. He died May 26, 1822, aged 63 
years, and the Society issued a call to his funeral in which it stated that James 
Stuart was "one of its oldest and most useful members, and many years a man- 
ager of the Society." So far as known this was the first time the Society made a 
call of this kind for any member other than an active officer. In after years his 
widow became a pensioner of the Society, continuing such until her death 
about 1850. 



446 GEORGE WALKER. 

George Walker was a native of Clackmannan, a surveyor in Virginia and 
a merchant of Philadelphia who was a resident in 1787 of Georgetown, Maryland, 
now Washington, D. C. When that city was being laid out by the Commissioners 
in 1796 Walker, who was an owner of considerable property there, objected to 
some of the acts of the commission which affected his property and in the columns 
of the Washington Gazette he attacked them with boldness in a general arraign- 
ment of the management of the city's affairs, eliciting spirited replies. One of this 
name, of Elizabeth City, Va., married Anne, daughter of George Keith, the con- 
troversialist. Another, or the same, was sworn in as Justice of the Peace for 
Prince Edward County in January, 1754. — Hist, of Natl. Caj^ital: Va. Hist. 
Mag.; George F. Black. 



1788 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 261 

1788 



447 HUGH AITKEN. 

This gentleman became an Honorary member while a resident of Virginia. 
The name is spelled as above in published list of 1796, while in the History it is 
spelled Aiken. No reference to him has been found. 



448 JAMES BARRON. 

Manager 1791-92. 

James Barron joined the Society as a non-resident member while he was 
engaged in business in the Island of Jamaica. While in New York he formed the 
acquaintance of General William Malcom's daughter and on July 4, 1789, mar- 
ried her. In Decemlier of that year he took up his residence in New York and 
engaged in business at 22 King street, where he sold among other things Jamaica 
spirits. In 1790 he is designated as merchant and located at 52 Wall Street, 
where he remained until 1792 when he removed to the corner of Beekman Slip 
and Water Street, known as Malcom's Wharf. Here he sold rum, saltpetre, 
sugars. Eastern boards, etc., the plain inference being that he was in the ship 
chandlery business. In that year he became a resident member of the Society. 
He was also interested with Alexander Robertson, our Treasurer, in a brewery at 
the North River, probably 22 King Street. The firm name was Robertson, 
Barron & Co. This arrangement does not seem to have lasted very long as 
Robertson withdrew. In 1795 Barron removed to the shipyards at Cherry Street 
but whether or not he engaged in ship building is not known. He belonged to 
the Masonic fraternity and was treasurer of St. Andrew's Lodge No. 3. He 
died in the year 1803, but where has not been determined. One of this name 
died at Trinidad, April 14, 1803, and another at Charleston, S. C, in October of 
Ihe same year. In 1804 the city directory gives his widow at 97 Cherry Street. 
She died suddenly April 3, 1813. They left a son William Malcom Barron, of 
the United States Navy, who married February 11, 1813, Eliza, daughter of 
William Willcocks of New York. 



449 SIMON ALEXANDER BAYLEY. 

Mr. Bayley was a gold and silversmith and in 1784 of the firm of Van Voor- 
his, Bayley & Coley, located at 27 Hanover Square. In the will of Prentice 
Bowcn he is styled "Buckle maker." In 1785 Bayley seems to have been on his 
own account at 240 Queen Street, opposite the Post Office, where he remained 
until 1793 when he removed to 44 Maiden Lane. His wife Ann died in August, 



262 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1788 

1790, in her 30th year, and was buried in Trinity Church yard. He married again 
August 11, 1792, Catharine Bicker, daughter of Victor Bicker, a hatter of New 
York. In 1797 he took his son-in-law James Douglas into partnership, the firm 
becoming Bayley & Douglas, and they are designated as manufacturers in gold, 
silver and jewelry as well as coach trimmings, saddlery and harness furnishings. 
In that year they were located at 102 Pearl Street. He was very lusty and stout, 
according to his own account in an advertisement notifying the public that his 
wearing apparel had been stolen. The description of his dress is interesting. He 
wore a broadcloth coat, light drab in colour with covered buttons of the same, a 
dark claret watch coat, clouded velveret waistcoat with plain gilt buttons, boots 
with black tops and red edges. The thief evidently ignored the breeches, as they 
are not mentioned. Bayley died intestate in 1799, probably a victim of yellow 
fever, and his son-in-law Douglas was appointed administrator September 7, 
1799. He was probably a native of Dumbarton as the New York papers announced 
the death of one of the same name in that town on October 28, 1818, and the wife 
of this man three days thereafter. These were probably the parents of our 
member, hence the notice in the New York press. 



450 WILLIAM BELL. 

Scoville in his Old McrcJiants of New York says "the first ship ever sent to 
Canton from New York was sent by the old firm of Franklin, Robinson & Co., of 
279 Pearl Street, and was one of the largest that had then been built. The super- 
cargo was William Bell ... a tall, fine looking man. During the later 
years of his life any one passing down Wall Street would see him in the middle 
of the day, sitting on the stoop of Mr. McCormick's house. No. 57 Wall Street." 
Bell was a native of Perthshire. For many years he was a merchant in Philadel- 
phia as well as New York. One of his ships the Minerva was captured by the 
Algerine corsairs in 1793. In 1794 Mr. Bell was a member of and one of the 
proprietors of the Belvedere Qub. His daughter Hester married in Philadel- 
phia, November 7, 1810, Alexander John Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart, 
our member of 1784. In the course of years Mr. Bell accumulated a fortune 
which he left to numerous nephews and nieces. He died May 29, 1843, aged 83 
years. Mr. Bell's portrait appears in the water colour drawing of the Park 
Theatre in 1822. 



451 ROBERT BUCHANAN. 

Robert Buchanan was a native of Scotland, probably of Glasgow, who came 
out to America in 1760 to serve an apprenticeship in a store in Annapolis, Mary- 
land. About 1764 he went into business in partnership with his brother James 
and one Briscoe. According to his own testimony in 1785 before the Commis- 
sioners of Claims in London, he took an active part in opposing the Revolution. 
He never joined with the Americans in any of the measures taken by them nor did 



1788 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 263 

he take the oath or sign any Association. In consequence he was frequently 
insulted and in 1776 was forced to sign a parole that he would not give any in- 
telligence of what was going on, etc., in which he reserved the right to go to 
England or the West Indies. About March, 1776, he sailed from Philadelphia for 
Lisbon, and thence to England. The property he left behind consisted of a few 
goods and uncollected debts. His brother James resided in England or Scotland 
during the entire war, while Briscoe, who had preceded Robert to England, re- 
turned to Annapolis and took the oath of allegiance, thereby presumably grabbing 
the business to himself. He estimated the losses of the firm at £7,000 and claimed 
his loss to have been one-third. He testified also that from 1780 he had been in 
business in Glasgow as an underwriter and that he was about to go to Nova Scotia 
and probably would go to Maryland. He may have been on his way to Maryland 
or returning therefrom when in 1788 he became a Contributing Member of this 
Society. The Board of Claims, after admitting that he was a Loyalist, decided 
against his claim for compensation because in the opinion of the members 
Buchanan had sustained no loss as a Loyalist. Presumably Buchanan returned 
to Glasgow and resumed the business of underwriting. — Coke's Notes on Loyalist's 
Claims. 



iS2 CAPTAIN JOHN D. CAMPBELL. 

John Cam])bcll was a sea captain and trader whose home was in Campbell- 
town, Argyleshire, his status in the Society being Honorary, or non-resident. From 
1765 on there were several masters of vessels of this name, and it is now im- 
possible to give the names of the several ships on which he sailed. He made his 
bome in New York in 1798 and for many years lived at 69 Mott Street. In 1808 
be sailed the Linnet described as a British schooner consigned to, or belonging to, 
W. & R. Bruce. He became a member of the Marine Society, March 14th, 1796. 
He seems to have assumed the middle initial "D" in 1802. Some time after 1796 
be became a resident member of the Society. He died June 6th, 1820, aged 62 
y^ears, and this Society and the Marine Society were invited to attend his funeral. 



153 CAPTAIN GEORGE CHISHOLM. 

Captain Chisholm was a mariner and probably master of the brig Jamaica 
from Montego Bay. His home port has not been ascertained. In 1796 he located 
in New York where he remained several years but later seems to have located 
elsewhere as no reference to his death in New York has been found. He may have 
leen the George Chisholm, mariner, a native of Aberdeen, who died at Buenos 
Ayres in 1830. This individual had a brother, an architect, who had been in the 
navy and fought at Camperdown. 



264 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1788 

454 DONALD FRASER. 

Donald Fraser was probably the Deputy Barrack Master and Billet Officer in 
New York who presented a Memorial to Sir Guy Carleton on April 21, 1783, 
praying that in view of the approaching Evacuation his pay as a staff officer be 
continued or that he be given a commission in the Royal Garrison Battalion. 
Fraser became a schoolmaster in New York and in his day seems to have been a 
man of note. On June 13th, 1786, he was married, by the Rev. James Wilson, to 
Janet, daughter of John Grant, and the newspaper item, in the quaint language of 
that day, stated that "the lady is possessed of many accomplishments to render 
the marriage state happy." In 1789 his school was located at 51 William Street. In 
1791 he published a work on Arithmetic called The Young Gentleman and Lady's 
Assistant. In 1793 he was president of the Provident Society. In 1795 he pub- 
lished The Columbian Monitor; Being Pleasant and Easy Guide to Useful Knozvl- 
edgc. In 1798 his "Academy" was located at 178 William Street and in an 
advertisement of that year his name was given as Daniel, the two names, as 
already explained, being synonymous. He published that year A Collection of 
Select Biography or the Buhvark of Truth. In 1795 he was President of the 
Caledonian Society. On October 7th, 1800, his wife died. In 1801 he opened an 
evening class for young women and established a circulating library and book- 
seller's shop at the same address. In 1803 he published The Wonderful Collection 
or Entertaining Miscellany. In 1807 he published A History of All Nations, and 
at different times An Essay on the Origin and Antiquity of the Scotch and Irish 
Nations, etc., and The Mental Flower Garden for tlte Fair Se.v. In 1811 he was 
appointed a city weigher, and in that year published The American Magazine of 
Wonders and Marvellous Chronicle, and a Geographical, Historical and Chrono- 
logical Compendium, etc. All of the above works are today known only to the 
bibliographer. Mr. Fraser died December 18th, 1820, in his sixty-fifth year. 



455 THOMAS HAY. 

Thomas Hay was a member of the grocery firm of Stewart & Hay, located 
on the Albany Pier. The following notice in The Diary or Loudon's Register may 
explain why little is known of Hay. "This day (Oct. 18, 1792) the partnership 
of Stewart & Hay is dissolved ; and those who are indebted to the said firm are 
requested immediately to settle their accounts, as one of the partners is going on a 
foreign voyage." Signed, James Stewart, Thomas Hay. The traveler was Hay; 
where he went or whether he returned, is unknown. His name, however, did 
not appear in the active list of members published in 1796. 



456 ANDREW INDERWICK. 

In 1783 Andrew Inderwick, baker, advertised that he was "intending shortly 
for Europe" and offered for sale his house and bake house on Great Dock Street 



1788 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 265 

describing them as the "best stand in the City." He was evidently a LoyaHst. 
VVhsthar or not he went to Europe is not known but in 1789 his name ap- 
peared in the City directory as doing business at the old stand. For five years 
thereafter he remained there and in 1794 removed to 50 Pearl Street where he 
remained until 1802. Then he removed to No. 2 Bowery and added groceries to 
his bakery business. In 1793 he was Master of Hiram Lodge No. 7, F. & A. M., 
all of whose officers at that time were Scotsmen. In 1817 he seems to have re- 
tiretl from business and removed to 2 Doyer Street. In 1819 his name disappeared 
from the City directory. He seems to have had a son James who graduated from 
Columbia College in 1808 with the degree of A. M. and thereafter entered the 
United States Navy, as a Surgeon, and died in 1816. No further trace of Inder- 
wick has been found. 



457 JOHN JAMIESON. 

Nothing is known of this member other than that he was a native of Scotland 
and that he died July 20, 1803, after a lingering illness. His name did not ap- 
pear in the directory and he may therefore have been an employee of some one 
of our members. 



458 CAPTAIN GEORGE LINDSAY. 

Captain Lindsay was a mariner whose home port was Greenock, and his 
ship, the Margaret, trading from the Clyde to Virginia. 



459 JOHN MOWATT. 

Manager 1794-1795. 

John Mowatt was born in Montrose, August 11th, 1740. He must have 
come to this country at an early age. In July 1765 he married Jane or Jean 
Quereau and in 1766 they had twin children, Alexander and Joshua, born to 
them on May 23rd, and on November 24th, 1767, another son, John. In 1777 he 
advertised in the Mercury as a Cabinet and Chair Maker, in William Street, near 
Maiden Lane, "at the Sign of the Chair," and announced that he carried on busi- 
ness, as usual, making mahogany household furniture. In the first directory of 
1786 his name appeared as an ironmonger at 87 William Street where he re- 
mained until 1793. It is probable that he added ironmongery and hardware to 
his furniture business. His name did not appear in the directory again until 1799 
when he was located at 94 William Street where he remained until 1803. From 
1807 to 1829 he carried on business at 225 William Street. Then he removed to 
No. 1 Franklin Street where he died March 15th of that year, aged 89 years. 
John's sons, Alexander and John, Jr., became members of the Society at a later 
date, and his great grandson, Charles Grayson Mowatt, joined the Society in 1901. 



266 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1788 

460 THOMAS STEVENSON. 

Manager 1802-1805. 

Thomas Stevenson was one of four brothers, the others being Hay, James 
and Alexander. Thomas and James were in partnership and engaged in the iron 
business. Ahhough designated as blacksmiths they seem to have been foundry 
men as they dealt in stoves, grates, iron chests, gun carriages, shot, etc. He was 
also known as a wliite smith. Tlieir place of business was at 32 Maiden Lane, 
but for many years Thomas Hved at 17 Gold Street. In 1807 he was Treasurer 
of the Dumfries and Galloway Society, thereby indicating the "airt" whence he 
came. On January 17th, 1788, he married Ann McDonald and by her had three 
sons, Thomas, Jr., John B., and Hay, and two daughters, Agnes, who became the 
wife of Hugh Maxwell and Maria. In 1818 he was associated in business with 
one Dennis Lonin and on May 20th of that year the firm announced its dissohition 
and the retirement of Stevenson. While winding up his business affairs he offered 
to lease a stone quarry located within 50 yards of the North River and not more 
than 9 miles from the city. I\lr. Stevenson died September 8th, 1824, aged 67 
years. 



461 JAMES TOD. 

Dr. John Witherspoon of Princeton, desiring to start a press there, induced 
James Tod to come out from Scotland for that purpose. Tod issued, in May or 
June, 1786, the first number of the Princeton Packet and General Adz'crtiscr, 
Princeton's first newspaper. That summer or autumn he published for the Col- 
lege a catalogue of its graduates and officers, tlie first to be issued in octavo form; 
late in 1787 he printed President Witherspoon's famous baccalaureate sermon of 
1775 on Christian Magnanimity with the Address to the Senior Class which the 
Doctor repeated each commencement after he first delivered it; and later still in 
the same year, 1787, he issued a volume of Seriiwns by the president's friend the 
Rev. John Muir of Bermuda. After eighteen months Tod gave up the task and 
took to teaching. In 1788 he became attached to Erasmus Hall Academy in 
Brooklyn as a teacher in the classical department. He was also Secretary of the 
Board of Trustees of the school and in 1791 was appointed custodian of the ap- 
paratus and books. He was distinguished as a teacher of Latin and Greek. In 
1792 he had to relinquish his appointment on account of sickness. He is next 
heard of as conducting a private academy at New Utrecht, Long Island. He 
married and had a family of seven children. His career came to a close Novem- 
ber 3rd, 1802, in his 50th year, and the New York Weekly Museum says of him 
that he was "a gentleman of the first education and highly eminent for his abilities 
as a teacher." Some friends, in the interest of Mrs. Tod and her family, engaged 
a teacher and endeavoured to carry on the school but how long this arrangement 
lasted is unknown. Mrs. Tod eventually returned to Scotland and died at Glas- 
gow July 16, 1840, aged 78 years.— TV. F. Evg. Post; Wills Boughton, Ph.D. of 
Erasmus High School; the Press. 



1788 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 267 

462 JOHN WARDROP. 

John VVardrop was a non-resident member of the Society and at the time 
was located in Virginia. The following reference in the Matriculation Albums of 
the University of Glasgow no doubt refers to our member. "Johannes Wardrop 
filius natu Secundus Jacobi Mercatoris Glasguensis, A. D. 1762. (John Wardrop, 
second son born to James a merchant of Glasgow). Born at Glasgow, August 
29th, 1752, American Merchant and Importer there. Ruined through the Ameri- 
can War. Died at Glasgow, 11th November, 1833." It is also i)robable that 
he was the John Woddrop (sic) who wrote to Lord Dartmouth in 1773, dating 
his complaint from the Tolbooth of Glasgow where he was imprisoned for a small 
debt and as he alleged because he would not renounce his right and title to lands 
in Virginia. On February 12th, 1802, James Stuart, the Manager of that date, 
assisted Mr. Wardrop to return home to Glasgow. 



463 CAPTAIN DONALD WHEELER. 

"Fighting Don Wheeler," to coin an appropriate if posthumous soubriquet, 
hailed from New Providence in the Bahamas. When that Island capitulated to 
the Spaniards in 1782 Wheeler was master of the brig Ranger belonging to Tortola 
and was actively engaged in harassing the Spaniards. After the conclusion of 
peace between Spain and Great Britain, but before the fact was known, a private 
e.xpedition organized by Loyalists in the Carolinas and Florida and headed by 
]Major Andrew Devaux and Captain Wheeler, recaptured Nassau, the principal 
town of New Providence. The small party of not more than 225 men surprised 
the Spanish governor and he, with his garrison of about 700 men. was induced to 
surrender. In 1783 Wheeler with two others attacked and captured three galleys 
belonging to the Spaniards. On November 4, 1788, he was master of the brig 
Providence and when twenty-five days out from New Providence bound for North 
Carolina he put in to New York "in distress." He was just in time to take part 
m the celebration of St. Andrew's Day. No doubt his "brither Scots," assisted 
by John Barleycorn, gave him a warm reception and on that particular day 
Wheeler no doubt forgot his previous troubles. In 1793, when Great Britain 
and France were at war. Captain Wheeler, then master of the privateer schooner 
Mayiiozi'er, engaged in privateering. The American newspapers bitterly assailed 
Lord Dunmore and his "graceless crew" for their "enormities" in preventing 
American trade with the French possessions in the West Indies. The cry of 
"Freedom of the Sea" was then exploited and perhaps for the first time. Captain 
Wheeler w^as one of the most active in capturing and searching American block- 
ade runners and had he ventured to New York at that time his reception would 
probably have been warmer than it was five years before. His widow, "formerly 
of Glasgow," died in 1833. 

[Appears in History as of Proiidcnce. R. /.] 



268 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1789 

1789 



464 WILLIAM HENDERSON. 

Manager 1793-1794. 

In 1789 William Henderson advertised that he bought and sold Soldiers' 
Land Rights, Militia Class Rights and Warrants, and in the month of May noti- 
fied the public that he had opened an insurance office for shipping, at 186 Water 
Street. His name appeared for the first time in the City directory of 1789. In 
1790 he advertised his removal to 34 Hanover Square opposite the Bank. He was 
one of the committee of the Tontine Coffee House and had one share on his own 
life giving the year of his birth as 1767. In 1791 he was one of the largest con- 
tributors to the Saint Andrew's Hall fund. In 1794 he was a director in the 
Northern and Western Inland Lock Navigation Company and that same year 
bought township No. 5 in the Adirondacks, selling it again in 1795. At that time 
also he was Master of Holland Lodge No. 8, F. & A. M. and one of three Com- 
missioners at the laying of the corner stone of the Park Theatre in 1795. On the 
fourth day of June, 1798, he married Sarah, daughter of William Denning, and 
had by her a son William Denning Henderson who eventually became an attorney 
in New York. In 1809 he was a director in the United Insurance Company and in 
1814 became president of the Globe Insurance Company at 55 Wall Street, while 
his residence was at No. 5 Pearl Street. About 1802 his home was at 25 Wall 
Street, but this he sold to the Merchants National Bank. He died presumably in 
1827 as in the following year the name of his widow, Sarah, appeared in the 
directory. His widow died at Boston, May 14, 1835, and his son died February 
12th, 1852. 



465 JOHN HUD SWELL. 

In 1785 Hudswell's name appeared in the newspapers as a merchant at 7 
King Street. In 1793, however, he became definitely identified as a partner in the 
firm of Renwick, Son & Hudswell, dry goods merchants, at 92 William Street. 
His name did not appear in the directory of 1796 nor thereafter nor has any 
reference to him from any source come under our notice. He probably returned to 
Liverpool or Manchester where the firm seems to have had a parent house. 



466 ROBERT INIacGREGOR. 

Robert MacGregor was the only brother of Colin MacGregor, member 1785, 
and was also related to John and Alexander McGregor, also members, but the 
degree of relationship has not been ascertained. He was a member of the firm 
of McClallen, MacGregor & Co., glass manufacturers, Albany, New York. This 



1789 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 269 

firm owned the Albany Glass Company, and received from the State a loan of 
£3,000 to run for eight years, three years without interest and five years at the 
rate of five per centum per annum, one instance of the State assisting an infant 
industry. In 1795 MacGregor retired from the firm. He died in New York, 
November 1st, 1797, aged 44 years, and was buried in Trinity Churchyard. 



467 REV. JAMES MUIR, D.D. 

Dr. Muir, second son of the Rev. George Muir of Paisley, was born in the 
manse of Cumnock, Ayrshire, April 12th, 1757, and died at Alexandria, Virginia, 
August 8th, 1820. Dr. Muir graduated from Glasgow University in 1776, 
studied theology at Edinburgli and was licensed in London in 1779 to preach 
as a dissenting minister, after which he taught school. In 1781 he was ordained 
an evangelist at the Scots Church in London and accepted a call from a company 
of Scots Presbyterians in Benuuda, where he remained for eight years, acting 
also as principal of the Academy there. In 1788 he came to New York and was 
invited to preach in the Brick Presbyterian Church in Beekman Street as a candi- 
date for the office of associate minister with the Rev. Dr. Rodgers of the Wall 
Street Church. The new church had not then severed its connection with the 
old one, the associate minister of the Wall Street Church taking charge of the 
pulpit of the Brick Church. There were two parties in the church, the one in 
favour of Mr. Muir, and the other desiring the appointment of a Mr. Morse. 
These gentlemen preached on probation for several months, and in the meantime 
the contest ran high and threatened very serious consequences, as Dr. Miller says 
in his life of Dr. Rodgers. It lasted a year when Mr. Morse withdrew. Mr. 
Muir accepted a call to Alexandria, Virginia, and the church in New York was 
left in peace. On leaving New York he received Honorary membership in the 
Society. In 1791 Yale conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
He published in 1810 several volumes of sermons. Dr. Muir was a man of wide 
views, tolerant of all opinions which he believed to be honestly held or uttered, 
and thoroughly orthodox. — Glas. Univ. Albums; N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rec, Vol. 
XXV ; Appleton. 

{Appeared heretofore under date of 1819.] 



468 PETER JAY MUNRO. 

Secretary 1793-1796. 

Peter Jay Munro was born in Rye, N. Y., January 10, 1767, and died in 
Mamaroneck, N. Y., September 22, 1833. He was a son of the Rev. Harry 
Munro (b. Inverness, 1730; d. Edinburgh, 1801), who came out as Chaplain of the 
77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, took part in the French and Indian war and 
afterwards became Rector of St. Johns Church in Yonkers, N. Y. Peter was 



270 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1789 

fifth in descent from Sir Robert jMunro, xxivth of Foulis. His mother was Eve, 
daughter of Peter Jay. At the age of thirteen Peter accompanied his distinguished 
uncle, John Jay, to Madrid, upon the appointment of the latter as United States 
Minister to Spain in 1779. His previous education had also been under the direc- 
tion of John Jay. During a residence of three years in Madrid and two years 
in Paris he became proficient in the Spanish and French languages. Returning 
to New York City in 1784 he studied law with Aaron Burr, and after his admis- 
sion to the bar he soon acquired a large practice, and with comparative rapidity 
won recognition as one of the leaders of the New York bar. He was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of 1821, and by appointment of Governor Tomp- 
kins was chairman of its judiciary committee. He married Margaret, daughter 
of Henry White, of the Governor's Council, a Commissary in the British service 
and a prominent merchant in New York, who returned to England in 1783 and 
whose estate was confiscated. Receiving a severe stroke of paralysis in 1826 while 
in the discharge of professional duties, Mr. Munro retired to his estate on Munro's 
Neck, now Larchmont, which was so called by Edward K. Collins who purchased 
the property from Munro, on account of a fine plantation of Scottish larches 
planted to conceal the view from the road. Here he lived until his death. — Bench 
and Bar of New York; Bolton; Applcton; Geneal. Mag. 



469 ANDREW PATTISON. 

No reference of any kind relative to this honorary member has been found. 
His domicile is given as Paisley. Could he have been "the kindly Alexander Pat- 
tison of Paisley who subscribed for 12 copies of the Edinburgh edition of Bums' 
Poems, and afterwards won Burns' gratitude by doing much to promote the sale 
of the work?" 



470 JOHN RANKIN. 

John Rankin was a native of Scotland and for many years a resident of New 
York. He was in the grocery business, and a member of the firm of Ferguson & 
Rankin, 98 Water Street. His partner was James Ferguson, member 1787. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of George Adamson, and had a daughter, Elizabeth, 
who married Isaac Sebring, June 28, 1800. In 1791 Rankin went into business 
for himself and located at the corner of Chatham and Mulberry Streets, ultimate- 
ly forming a new copartnership with his brother Henry, and there he remained 
until his death on March 15, 1800, "uniformly maintaining the character of an 
honest and industrious man." His widow Elizabeth survived him until 1803. 
When he made his will in 1800 he had a sister, Margaret Graham, a widow, living 
in or near Glasgow. Henry, his brother, became prominent in insurance circles 
and had a grandson Henry Rankin Freeland, who became a member of the 
Society in 1872. 



1789 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 271 

471 CAPTAIN SOLOMON SALTUS. 

Captain Saltus was a mariner and seems to have come from Bermuda where 
his father resided. He was engaged in the West Indian trade until he gave up 
the sea and engaged in the ship chandlery business. On April 21, 1772, he mar- 
ried Sonchey Van Dyck. The name Sonchey seems to have been anglicized into 
Cynthia. In 1775 he became a member of the Marine Society. In 1779 while 
master of the sloop Industry he sailed from the Island of St. Kitts on September 
3rd, and on the 24th was captured by the Rattlesnake, Letter of Marque, from 
Virginia, his sloop was plundered and he was left with the mate and one sailor. 
In 1785 he became master of the sloop Union and in 1787 of the new brig Betsy, 
a New York and Charleston Packet, which belonged to George Douglas, Jr. In 
1789 he was located at 26 Beekman Street and engaged in the ship chandlery 
business where he remained until 1795 when he located at 65 Front Street, be- 
tween Coenties and Old Slips. In 1800, the firm of Saltus, Son & Co., was dis- 
solved, Edmund Seaman retiring and Nicholas Saltus, a son, taking his place. 
They removed later to 32 South Street and still later to 43 Beaver Street. The 
business of the firm in course of time had changed to that of iron merchants. 
Mr. Saltus died March 3, 1834, aged 89 years. The Gaccttc said of him that 
he was "a good if not a great man," and that "calmness and Christian serenity 
marked his exit." His widow Cynthia survived him until July 3, 1837, when she 
died at the age of 87 years. They left two sons, Francis and Nicholas, both of 
whom became members of the Society. 



472 JOHN SWANSTON. 

This member's name appeared in the directory of the year 1792 only, as John 
& James Swanston, merchants, 22 Maiden Lane. In 1793 and 1794 the name of 
James only appeared. After the latter year the name did not appear until 1799 
when widow Swanston's name was recorded, but whether she was the widow of 
John or James cannot now be determined. 



473 JAMES SYMINGTON. 

James Symington was a teller in the Bank of New York and lived at 167 
Broadway. He married, October 9, 1794, Frances Payne, daughter of Agatha 
Evans, who left her a considerable estate. Symington died in 1796 and the 
widow married again on November 28, 1797, taking as her second husband 
Dr. Edmund Bainbridge. 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1789 

474 WILLIAM TURNBULL. 

Manager 1795-1796 

William Turnbull was the son of Hector Turnbull of Perth, brother of 
Colonel George Turnbull, member 1757. When Turnbull joined the Society he 
was a storekeeper at 15 William Street, and this is the earliest mention found. 
In a letter to Frederic de Peyster, the executor of his uncle's estate, under date 
of Luncarty, near Perth, April 1, 1813, he states that he had begun his business 
career twenty-five years previously as member of the firm of Sandeman Turnbull 
& Co. of Glasgow in the wine trade and with a capital of £300 of his own and 
£500 belonging to his wife who was Mary Sandeman. This would mean that he 
began in 1788 and that the firm sent him to New York as their representative 
although the business here was carried on in his own name. He remained in 
New York up to 1797 when he returned to Perthshire. In the letter to de Peyster 
noted above he states that his firm had recently gone into bankruptcy and that his 
personal losses amounted to about £20,000 and that he was then employed on a 
salary in charge "of the works" at Luncarty. In 1814 he again went into business 
as a bleacher at the Bleach fields at Huntingtower near Perth. In 1824 he was in 
New York, probably looking after the interests of the several heirs of his uncle, 
as, judging by his correspondence with de Peyster, the burden of looking after 
their interests seems to have fallen on his shoulders. The last reference found 
shows that he was still in Huntingtower in 1827. There was another William 
Turnbull identified more particularly with Philadelphia, who was a member of 
the Society there in 1774, and probably a relative. — De Peyster MSS., N. Y. 
Hist. So.; the Press. 



475 DAVID WILLIAMSON. 

Williamson was a seedsman, florist and nursery man and was located at the 
Mile End on the Greenwich Road, opposite the State Prison. It is said that his 
nursery and orchard were the resorts of sportsmen who went there after "meadow 
larks." Williamson died August 4, 1807. 



476 PETER WILSON, LL.D. 

Dr. Wilson was born in Ordiquihill, Banffshire, November 23, 1746. His 
youth was spent with a cultivated clergyman, who imbued him with a love for 
the classics. He devoted himself specially to this department of literature during 
his course at Marischal College, Aberdeen, from which he graduated A.M. in 
1765, and won a wide reputation for classical scholarship. He then emigrated 
to America. His after life can be told best in his own words as they appear in a 
letter to Dr. James Beattie, now preserved in the Aberdeen University Library. 

"Soon after my arrival in this city (New York), I engaged as an assistant 
in a Grammar School (Rev. Thomas Jackson's), where I continued two years; 



17S9 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 273 

when I was called to take the charge of an academy newly instituted in Hack- 
insack, in the county of Bergen, in New Jersey. There I immediately met with 
opposition, violent and unexpected, which, by Perseverance and Diligence, I 
at length surmounted. My rivals were obliged to submit and quit the field. 
At Hackinsack I continued for 22 years, during which time the academy was 
raised to a considerable degree of Respectability. I became known, and was 
elected for 5 years successively into the Legislative Assembly of the State of 
New Jersey, compiled and published a body of laws by order, and under the 
authority of the Government, with notes and remarks, and filled some other 
public offices. Finding, however, my circumstances almost ruined by the Revo- 
lutionary War, I refused to suffer myself to be elected either to Congress or 
to the Legislature after that period, and to this resolution I have hitherto steadily 
adhered. 

"From Hackinsack I was called, and accepted the Professorship of 
Languages and of Greek and Roman Antiquities in Columbia College, in New 
York, where I continued three years, with some degree of credit. The measures 
I proposed for the benefit of the college were thwarted by the president at the 
time, with a view to procure my resignation, and to substitute a relation of his 
own in my place. I was deceived, as were the trustees. My pride took fire ; 
I left the college, and presided over an academy (Erasmus Hall) at Flatbush, 
on Long Island, for five years with some degree of reputation. The gentleman 
who succeeded me soon discovered his incapacity; the college lost some repu- 
tation, the number of students dwindled to one half ; and he was at length com- 
pelled to resign. I was again invited to accept my former charge in this col- 
lege with double my salary, and have been here now three years. About two 
years ago, (1798) and whilst a professor of this college, the degree of Doctor 
of Laws was conferred on me, without solicitation, and without my knowledge, 
by LTnion College, in Schenectady, in this State, over which I was invited to 
preside about a year after; but which for various reasons I rejected. The de- 
gree I received as a testimony of public regard I have no reason to contemn, 
though the quarter from which it came is far from being so respectable as 
Marischal College." 

Dr. Wilson married Catherine Duryee and had two sons and three daugh- 
ters so far as known. He published several important text-books which have 
had a wide use in the educational institutions of the country, notably. Rules 
of Latin Prosody, Introduction to Greek Prosody, and Compendium of Greek 
Prosody, together with editions of the classics. Dr. Francis in his description 
of him as a teacher could not refrain from his usual caustic dissection but was 
compelled to add ''few of our American Colleges have enjoyed the blessing 
of so earnest a teacher." His health failed and he died in Barbadoes, N. J., 
August 1, 1825. On his tombstone in Hackensack Church yard his career was 
summed up in the words "a zealous and successful patriot and Christian, and 
exemplary in all the public and social and domestic relations which he sustained." 
— Nat. Cy. Am. Biog.; Dr. Francis; Applcton; Abdn. Jour. N. & Q. 1913. 



274 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1790 

1790 



477 ALEXANDER BROWN. 

Alexander Brown was a cooper by trade, an important branch of industry 
in those days. His name first appeared in the directory of 1789 when his coop- 
erage was located between Burling Slip and Beekman Street near the river. 
He removed to 184 Front Street in 1794 and thereafter moved each year until 
1800 at which date his cooperage was located at 108 Front Street while his 
home was at 48 Beaver Street. Thereafter his name no longer appeared in the 
directory and further references regarding him have not been found. 



478 WILLIAM BUCHANAN. 

William Buchanan was senior member of the firm of William Buchanan 
& Co., dealers in dry goods and naval stores, whose place of business in 1790, 
the first time the name appeared in the directory, was at 14 Hanover Square. 
Next year they removed to 27 Queen Street. In 1791 his name appeared on the 
Assessment Roll for £300 personal property. In 1793 they removed to 81 Broad 
Street and Brooklyn Ferry Stairs, and the firm, of which Dunbar Sloan was a 
member, was dissolved. In 1796 they were burned out, and it almost naturally 
followed that insolvency was the next event, for insurance was not then as now 
so easily procured. On July 3, 1798, as an insolvent debtor, he petitioned for 
discharge, which he no doubt secured. He then formed the firm of Buchanan 
& Mabie which disappeared after 1799. In January of 1798 William Buchanan 
"a merchant of Glasgow" was a passenger on the Jay bound for Europe. His 
American venture was evidently not a success. 



479 THOMAS CHRYSTIE, M. D. 

Dr. Chrystie, second son of John and Janet (Clarkson) Chrystie of Haile's 
Quarry near Edinburgh, was bom there April 12, 1752, and baptized at Pent- 
land. During the years 1770 to 1772 he attended certain classes in Edinburgh 
University but did not graduate therefrom. He was licensed by the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Edinburgh and of Glasgow on May 21, 1774. 
With his brother James (also a member of this Society) he sailed for this coun- 
try and landed in Philadelphia in the month of February, 1775. In the spring 
of 1776 he entered the navy as a surgeon on the brigantine Liberty and later 
entered the Revolutionary army as surgeon in the 4th Virginia Artillery under 
Colonel (afterwards General) Morgan, with whom he participated in the attack 
upon Quebec under Montgomery; was at Valley Forge in 1778 and went to the 
South with Gates. While in the service, and in the beginning of the year 1780, 



1790 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 275 

he married Hannah McDonald, a widow, and daughter of the Rev. John Albert 
Weygand, who, however, died within a year after the marriage. He ditl not 
marry again but remained in the service till the end of the war, and being 
honourably discharged, retired to his estate on James River, near Hanover- 
town, Va., where he continued in the practice of his profession for many years, 
respected and beloved. His will shows him to have been a kindly man as is 
testified to by his thoughtful consideration for his slaves, whom, by the laws 
of Virginia, he could not free. His portrait, now in possession of one of the 
family, shows him as a rather stout man with dark hair and complexion. He 
died at Hanovertown, Va., February 22, 1812, aged 60 years. — Contribiilcd 
by the late Thomas Mackaness Ludlo7tJ Chrystie, great- grandnephciv. 



480 HUGH DEAN. 

Hugh Dean was one of the many Loyalists who had to begin life anew 
after the Peace of 1783. Much of his story can be gathered from his own 
deposition made at Halifax on July 20, 1786, before the Commissioner of Claims 
for compensation for losses sufifered during the Revolution. He testified that 
he was a native of Scotland and that he came to America in the year 1770, 
and in 1775 was settled on the Eastern shore of Maryland as a trader. In 
1773 he had purchased 500 acres of land in Somerset County, Maryland, paying 
at the rate of 40 shillings per acre for the land and the buildings thereon. He 
had cleared fifty acres for corn and the rest was chiefly woodland, valuable 
for its lumber. From the beginning of the troubles he declared his attachment 
to Great Britain and was in consequence molested and prevented from carry- 
ing on his business. He engaged in the uprising of December, 1776, was wounded 
in the thigh and taken prisoner, and was kept in jail for eleven months. During 
that time he made three attempts to escape of which the last was successful, 
so that he got on board the Richmond frigate and went to New York. All 
his land was confiscated, together with the buildings and implements thereon, 
as well as three negro men and one negro woman each worth about £40 cur- 
rency. He states further that he did not owe a shilling but left debts due him 
amoimting to £2,500 currency. These figures are not impressive now but meant 
much in those early days. He seems to have been some time in Philadelphia 
and in association with one John Turner, both of them coming to New York 
in 1778 and becoming auctioneers here. In 1779 he was a member of the firm 
of Fegan & Dean, auctioneers, and in 1781 of the firm of Hugh and Alexander 
Dean. In 1783 he was a prize agent. At the evacuation he went to the Bahamas, 
residing in New Providence. In 1790 he returned to New York and opened 
a store at 38 Beekman Street, but his name appears in the Directory for that 
year only. The impression gained from his statement that he was a trader 
meant that he was a ship Captain and several references at that time to a Cap- 
tain Dean have been found. His after career has not been ascertained. 



276 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1790 

481 JAMES GIBSON 

James Gibson was the son of William Gibson a shoemaker who died in 
1793. Both father and son were natives of Paisley, Scotland. From 1790 to 
1793 James was manager of the New York Manufacturing Society at 40 Vesey 
Street. In 1794-95 he was an accountant living in Lombard Street. In 1796-98 
he was a measurer and broker as well as accountant and during these years 
was located at 193 William Street. From 1799 to 1810 he is designated as 
broker only, removing at intervals to Coenties Slip, 29 Beekman Street, 31 John 
Street, 13 Cedar Street and 209 Pearl Street. In 1803 he advertised upland 
cotton, cotton bagging and pot ashes. In 1805 he advertised English coals 
for sale. His principal business, however, was in cotton which was landed at 
Staten Island and stored there until marketed. In 1811 he seems to have retired. 
He lectured in 1808 on "Impostors" at Sheppard's School room and one won- 
ders what the circumstances were which led to the selection of that theme. He 
married Jean Morrison of Orange County, N. Y., who was connected with 
the Denniston family and through them related to Governor Clinton. For several 
years Mr. Gibson was an elder in Dr. jMason's Church. He was on terms of 
the closest intimacy with the Renwick family and took a leading part in the 
social life of the city. He died September 20th, 1816, aged sixty-three years 
and his widow Jane, or Jean, died in Elizabeth, N. J., on June 29, 1850, in 
her eighty-ninth year. They left a son James Renwick Gibson who had a son 
James Renwick, who in turn left a son Robert Renwick. 



482 PETER HATTRICK. 

Peter Hattrick was the son of Peter (1719-1800) and Mary Crawford 
(1730-1808) his wife, and was born in Greenock in the year 1755. When he 
came to New York is not known but it w^as probably about the time he joined 
the Society as an Honorary member in 1790. He must then have been a transient 
visitor as he did not become a resident member until 1798. Mr. Hattrick en- 
gaged in the dry goods business and was for many years at 310 Pearl Street 
and latterly at 131 William Street. His first wife, Elizabeth, a native of Scot- 
land, died of consumption December 2, 1799. On April 28, 1803, he married 
Mary, widow of James Lee, and daughter of Benjamin Crookshank. Her son 
Col. James Lee, at a later date became a member of the Society. In one of 
the many fires, which periodically devastated parts of New York, Hattrick was 
burned out and lost everything owing to his insurance having lapsed. About 
this time he became a partner in and representative of the Glasgow house of 
John Fyfe & Co. The New York house was known as Peter Hattrick & Co., 
consisting of Hattrick, John Fyfe and James Lee. Hattrick's stepson, and car- 
ried on a general dry goods business. This arrangement terminated June 1. 
1818, Fyfe retiring, the New York firm then becoming Hattrick, Lee & Co. 
His only child Mary Crawford Hattrick married (June 16, 1824) the Rev. 



1790 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 277 

Joseph Hiirlbut of Albany and one of her sons, William Wilberforce Ilurlbut, 
became a nicml>er of the Society in 1888. Peter Hattrick died in New York 
City, June 11, 1832, and his widow Mary died December 18, 1849, in her 88th 
year. — John E. Hnrlbut of JVappin;:;, Conn.; The Press. 



483 ROBERT JAMIESON. 

For many years Robert Jamieson resided and did business in this country, 
but in what part thereof has not been ascertained. In one of his visits to New 
York he became a contributing; member of the Society, that is he made a dona- 
tion to the charitable funds of the Society, and appears on our Records as an 
Honorary member. In 1800 Jamieson was in New York and again in 1804 
when merchandise on the brig Brandyii'ine from Greenock was consigned to 
him. He made his home after leaving this country in the town of Lochwinnoch 
on the beautiful Calder water in Renfrewshire. There, in the early part of last 
century, were manufactured linen, thread, and leather, and it may be that Jamie- 
son was engaged in one or another of these industries and came to New York 
[periodically to market his product. The notice of his death, which took place 
at Lochwinnoch on April 29th, 1822, designates him as a merchant. In 1843 
one Mrs. Robert Jamieson was the "gude wife" of Brodick Inn, Brodick, in 
the Island of Bute. They probably bore no relation to each other. 



484 GOVERNOR SAMUEL JOHNSTON. 

Governor Johnston was born in Dimdee, December 15, 1733, and died at 
Skewarkey near Edenton, North Carolina, August 9, 1816. He came to this 
country with his father John who settled in North Carolina, became Surveyor- 
General and acquired large estates there in 1736. John was the son of John 
ot Stapleton, Dumfriesshire, an officer in a Scottish regiment in the French 
service. Samuel was educated for the bar, and from 1767 was clerk of the 
Superior Court of Chowan County, North Carolina, and at the same time a 
naval officer under the Crown. He soon became known as a politician and law- 
j'Cr, became an ardent patriot, a member of the Assembly in 1769, when he 
was placed on its Standing Committee of Enquiry and Correspondence, an 
active member of the first two Provincial Congresses, and presided over the 
third and fourth. Bancroft says the movement for freedom was assisted by 

"the calm wisdom of Samuel Johnston a man revered for his integrity, 

thoroughly opposed to disorder and revolution, if revolution could be avoided 
without yielding to oppression." In August, 1775, he was elected Chairman 
of the Provincial Council and virtually became Governor of the State. He was 
chosen Treasurer of the Northern District of North Carolina in that year, was 
a member of the Continental Congress of 1781-82 and in 1788 was elected 



278 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1790 

Governor of the State, presiding over the Convention that failed to ratify the 
Federal Constitution, which he supported with all his influence. In the fol- 
lowing year he also presided over the Convention that adopted the Constitution. 
In 1789-93 he was a member of the United States Senate, as a Federalist, and 
in February, 1800, was appointed Judge of the Superior Court, resigning in 
1803. His son James was the largest planter in the Ignited States on his death 
in 1865. — Appleton; Geo. F. Black; et al. 



485 JOHN McBEAN. 

This member's name appeared in the City Directory of 1790 for the first 
time, and he then kept a store at No. 3 William Street. In 1791 he was entered 
on the Assessment Roll for il50 personal property. From 1791 to 1793 he 
was located at 83 William Street and in 1794 at 120 William Street. On the 
19th of June of that year Mayor Varick issued a warrant for the attachment 
of all McBean's property as an "Absconding and concealed debtor." In the 
month of July the store 120 William Street was occupied by another and Mc- 
Bean disappeared from the scene. His name was dropped from the li.st of 
members published in 1796. In 1808 his assignees advertised a distribution 
of assets. 



486 MAJOR-GENERAL ALEXANDER McGILLIVRAY. 

Alexander McGillivray was an Indian Chief, born in the Creek Nation, 
Coosa County, Alabama, circa 1743, and died in Pensacola, Florida, February 
17, 1793. His father was Lachlan McGillivray of the family of Dunmaglass; 
his mother was a half breed Creek Princess of the influential Wind family, 
whose father had been a French officer of Spanish descent. He had thus ii3 
his veins the blood of four nations, and in his character were some of the traits 
of them all. He possessed the polished urbanity of the Frenchman, the du- 
plicity of the Spaniard, the cool sagacity of the Scotsman and the silent subtlety 
and inveterate hate of the North American Indian. He received a classical 
education from his father's brother, a Scottish Presbyterian clergyman of Charles- 
ton, (and a member of the Charleston Saint Andrew's Society) but on reaching 
manhood returned to his mother's people, among whom he was at once given 
the position to which he was entitled by his talents and the influence of his 
family. He assumed a kind of barbaric pomp, being constantly attended by a 
numerous retinue from whom he exacted all the deference due to royalty. He had 
several wives, whom he lodged in as many different "palaces," at which he 
entertained his guests in rude magnificence. His influence was always great 
among his nation and also with their allies the Seminoles, being able to bring 
into the field not less than ten thousand warriors. He sided with the British 
in the Revolutionary war, and in retaliation Georgia confiscated such of his 



1790 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 279 

lands as lay within her limits. This excited his bitter enmity and led to a long 
war against the western settlers. The treaty of peace of 1783 was no sooner 
signed than he entered into an alliance with the Spaniards and made constant 
raids along the Cumberland River only to be beaten back. The United States 
Government made repeated overtures for i>eace, but he seriously listened to none 
till he was invited to New York in 1790, to hold a personal conference with 
Washington. Seeing in this an opportunity for personal display, he went, at- 
tended by twenty-eight of his principal chiefs and warriors. He was received 
with great ceremony by the United States officials, who concluded with him a 
treaty by which they restored to the Creeks a large territory, paid McGillivray 
$100,000 for his confiscated property and gave him the commission of Major- 
General in the United States Army. He returned home and at once instigated a 
fresh raid. He pursued his treacherous policy till his death. He was a curious 
compound of the wild savage and the educated white man. He was a skilful 
speculator, a shrewd merchant, an astute politician, an able writer of state papers 
and a match in diplomacy for the ablest statesman. At the same time he was a 
British Colonel, and a Spanish and American General and he played these 
different nationalities so skilfully against each other as always to secure his own 
interest and that of his nation. The following quaint account of the meeting 
of the Society at which Colonel McGillivray was made an Honorary member is 
taken from the New York Daily Advertiser of Monday, August 16, 1790: — ■ 
"Last Thursday evening, the St. Andrevi''s Society of the State of New York, 
held their quarterly meeting at the City Tavern — The Society, anxious of shew- 
ing their respect to the character of Col. McGillivray, availed themselves of his 
presence in this city and unanimously elected him an honorary member of the 
Society ; immediately after, a committee was appointed to conduct him to it. 
The Colonel was introduced to the presiding officers in their places, and received 
the compliments of the Society. When the business of the Society was finished, 
he partook of a collation provided for the occasion, and mingled with great 
affability in the festivity of the evening. An occasional song was prepared, 
and addressed to the chief, in terms so artless and yet so affecting, as touched 
the hearts of the members with sensations uncommonly pleasurable." Mc- 
Gillivray left a son, who was sent home to Scotland, where his grandfather, 
Lachlan, is said to have been then alive in Invernessshire. — Appleton's; The 
Press. 



487 ALEXANDER McKENZIE. 

This member was a visitor from the Island of Jamaica and received Hon- 
orary membership in the Society. Alexander McKenzie was an attorney at law, 
in Jamaica, his name appearing on the list from 1793 to 1809. He was assistant 
Judge and of the Quorum for Clarendon from 1801 to 1803. He, or one of the 
same name, was Captain in the Clarendon Regiment of Foot Militia. — Frank 
Ciindali, scc'y. Inst, of Jamaica. 



280 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1790 

488 PATRICK MURDOCH. 

Patrick Murdoch was a schoolmaster in Greenwich Street, when he joined 
the Society in 1790. He was educated in Edinburgh University, and came out 
to America and taught school for a number of years in Wilmington, Delaware. 
In 1789 he received an appointment to a school in Hackensack, but went instead 
to an academy at Elizabethtown, N. J. He was known to Knox, Secretary of 
War, and other influential people, who gave him references. In an advertise- 
ment in the Daily Advertiser, May 16, 1789, he is thus described "A gentleman 
whose character as a man and abilities as a teacher were attested by very ample 
recommendations." What became of him afterwards has not been ascertained. 
[Nanw appears in History as Murdock.] 



489 COMMODORE JAMES NICHOLSON, U. S. N. 

Commodore Nicholson was born at Chestertown, Maryland, in 1736, and 
died in New York City, September 2, 1804. His father came from Berwick- 
upon-Tweed and was given a grant of land known as Nicholson's Manor near 
the passage of the Blue Ridge, Virginia, that is still known as Nicholson's Gap. 
He held offices of trust under the government. The son was trained to the sea, 
was at the capture of Havana in 1762, and made New York his home from 1763 
to 1771. On April 30, 1763, he and Frances Witter were granted a marriage 
license. In 1775 he entered the Revolutionary Navy as master of the Defence 
a Maryland vessel. In this ship, in 1776, he recaptured several vessels that 
had been taken by the British, and in June, 1776, he was appointed to the com- 
mand of the Virginia of 28 guns. In January, 1777, he succeeded Commodore 
Esek Hopkins as Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, and held that post till its 
dissolution. A strict blockade of the Chesapeake prevented the Virginia from 
leaving the bay, and Captain Nicholson and his crew joined the army and took 
part in the Battle of Trenton. In a subsequent attempt to get to sea the 
Virginia struck upon a bar, and was captured, but the captain and most of the 
crew escaped. Congress instituted an enquiry into the circumstances, which 
resulted in Captain Nicholson being acquitted of all blame. He afterwards 
commanded the frigate Trumbull of 38 guns and, on June 2, 1780, had a severe 
action of three hours duration with the Wyatt, losing thirty men before the 
ships parted. In August, 1781, he was captured and detained as a prisoner 
until near the close of the war and saw no more service. After the war he 
resided in New York, where, from 1801 to 1804, he was United States Com- 
missioner of Loans. Governor Clinton, while writing of Washington's arrival 
in New York, for inauguration, says: "In 1789, a Commodore Nicholson steered 
the barge (built for the occasion) manned at the oars by thirteen shipmasters 
and pilots, dressed in white uniforms, which carried Washington from Eliza- 
bethtown to the foot of Wall Street to his inauguration." He says further: 
"There were dozens of boats gay with flags and streamers in its wake, bands 



1790 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 281 

of music in some of them and all vessels dressed in holiday attire each saluted 
as Washington passed. As he landed at Murray's wharf, which was carpeted 
and the railings hung with crimson, he was met and welcomed by a deputation 
of citizens, of whom Chancellor Livingston was the leader." From the foregoing 
it will be seen that Saint Andrew's Society had some little part in that historic 
jvent. — Appieton, et-al. 



490 JOHN REID. 

John Reid appears on our records as of Virginia and no clue as to any one 
af that name in Virginia has come within our notice. It is believed, however, 
that the date of Reid's connection with the Society really began a few years 
L-arlier and that he was the one of that name who opened a bookseller's shop in 
1787 at 17 Water Street, "nearly opposite the Cofifee House," who had prol>ably 
:ome from Virginia. This individual married, June 11, 1788, Barbara Mac- 
jregor. believed to be the sister of Colin, member 1785. This lady died, January 
31, 1790, and six months after, to the day, Reid married Kitty McKinnon, 
Jaughter of Neil McKinnon, the old soldier of the French and Indian War. 
Kittv died August 31, 1811, aged 42 years. In 1790 Reid started a circulating 
library and on his shop had a prominent decoration, a sign with the head of 
Thomas Paine, "an index of the reigning spirit of the time," according to Dr. 
Francis. In 1794 Reid offered to publish Democracy, an Epic Poem. In 1802 
le added to his business, at 106 Water Street, the sale of lottery tickets and was 
5o engaged in 1808. No mention of Reid appears in the newspapers after the 
latter date, until the announcement of his death on September 18, 1828, in bis 
Hth year. His will mentions his daughter, Isabella, ami his son, Archibald, only, 
while the will of Neil McKinnon mentions three other sons, who probably pre- 
deceased their father. 



491 THOMAS ROBERTSON. 

Robertson was a brewer on the Greenwich Road, removing, in 1793, to 93 
Bowery Lane and in 1794, to 137 Chatham Street, where he remained until 
1802. For a time he was associated with Michael McLachlan, member 1786, 
who died in 1802. In 1803 Robertson removed to 43 Cheapside, remaining there 
until 1806. Thereafter his name did not appear in the City directories nor has 
any reference elsewhere been found. 



492 CHARLES STEWART. 

Charles Stewart, son of James Stewart and Tuntia ( ?) Burger, was born 
in New York, March 6, 1765. In 1790, the first year in which his name appeared 
in the city directory, he was a storekeeper at 72 William Street. The following 



282 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1790 

year, he is styled "Shopkeeper," still a modest appellation, testifying probably 
to the fact that his business was small. In 1794 he removed to 138 William Street 
where he remained until his death. This move, however, raised him to the 
dignity of a "Merchant," his business being that of wholesale dry goods. He 
must have been a very conservative, canny Scot, as he did not resort to ad- 
vertising, probably resting content with the maxim that "mony a meikle maks 
a muckle." On April 13th or 18th, 1789, he married, as his second wife, Mary, 
daughter of Richard Davis, and by her had seven children, all of whom sur- 
vived him. He died intestate in New York City, May 3, 1810, at the age of 
45 years, and was buried in St. Paul's Churchyard, and his widow, Mary, was 
appointed administratrix. She died, July 28, 1833, aged 61 years. One of their 
sons. Dr. James Stewart, was born in Beekman Street, April 7, 1799, and died 
in New York City, September 12, 1864. A daughter, Jane, married Henry 
Erevoort in 1838. — Medical Register; the Press. 

Another of the same name, who became identified with New York in 1790, 
and who might have been our member, had been a ship captain and became a 
grocer that year at 26 Murray Street, corner of Church Street. He married 
Catharine Bagley in 1781, and so far as known had one son Charles. The father 
died of apoplexy, March 29, 1S05, "an old and respectable citizen" and his widow, 
Catharine, died, January 31, 1812, aged 59. The son, Charles, who had suc- 
ceeded his father in the grocery business, died May 9, 1819, in his 35th year, 
and was buried on the Northside of Trinity Church. — The Press. 



493 JOHN WARRAND. 

It is more than probable that John Warrand joined the Society prior to the 
year 1790, and that on his leaving New York that year, he claimed honorary 
or non-resident membership. In 1785 and 1786 he was doing business at 4 
Great Dock Street, where he advertised for sale, rum, port wine and window 
glass, on board one vessel and another line of goods on another vessel. This 
looks as if he were in the auction or commission business. In 1785 he ad- 
vertised for sale the British schooner Rebecca. His name appeared on the first 
City directory of 1786 for the first and last time. Where he was located after- 
w'ards, nowhere appears. From the fact that his name did not appear in the 
membership list pubhshed in 1796, he must have been no longer a resident of 
New York. 



494 CAPTAIN JAMES WRIGHT. 

Captain Wright served during the Revolution with the Virginia troops. 
His military record is as follows: — Appointed 2nd Lieutenant. 11th Virginia, 
July 31, 1776; 1st Lieutenant, March 23, 1777; Regiment designated 7th Virginia, 
Sept. 14, 1778: Captain, July 2, 1779; transferred to 3rd Virginia, Feb. 12, 1781 ; 
served to the close of the war. While on a visit to New York, in 1790, he 
received Honorary membership in the Society. 



1790 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 283 

495 THOMAS WRIGHT. 

Thomas Wright was a dry goods merchant at 21 Maiden Lane and in 17[)2, 
at 4 William Street. His name did not appear thereafter. 



1791 



4% JAMES ANDERSON. 

James Ander.'^on came from Georgetown, S. C., on a visit to New York, 
became a non-resident member of the Society, and, on October 3rd, of that year, 
married a Miss Webb of this city. This latter fact may lead some genealogist 
to identify Mr. Anderson. One of this name subscribed for one share of the 
stock of the Bank of New York. 



4V7 CAPTAIN WILLIAM ARMSTRONG. 

Capt. Armstrong, son of David Armstrong, of Kirtleton, Sheriff of Dum- 
friesshire, was born at Kirtleton, near Gilnockie, in that shire. He was a great- 
grandson of William Armstrong, the moss-trooper, known as "Christie's Will", 
who kidnapped Lord Durie. one of the judges of the Court of Session, so that 
he might not give judgment against Will's friend, the Earl of Traquair. On 
being appealed to by Traquair and reminded by him, that on one occasion he 
had saved Will's life "At the Jeddart air, frae the justice tree", Will showed a 
grateful appreciation : — 

"Gramercy, my Lord, for your grace to me ! 

"When I turn my cheek, and claw my neck. 

"I think of Traquair, and the Jeddart Tree." 

Traquair tells the story of his lands that were endangered and, seemingly in a 
contemplative mood, conveys a hint to Will: — 
"But if auld Durie to heaven were flown, 
"Or if auld Durie to hell were gane, 
"Or — if he could be but ten days stown — 

"My bonny braid lands would still be my ain." 

Will at once rose to the occasion. 

"O mony a time. My Lord," he said, 

"I've stown the horse frae the sleeping loun; 
"But for you I'll steal a beast as braid, 

"For I'll steal Lord Durie frae Edinburgh toun." 

"O mony a time, my Lord," he said. 

"I've stown a kiss frae a sleeping wench; 
"But for you I'll do as kittle a deed, 

"For I'll steal an auld lurdane afT the bench." 



284 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

This he promptly proceeded to do, kidnapping Durie on the li:il<s of Leith, at 
a place called the Frigate Whins, carrying him off to the Tower of Graham, 
keeping him confined in one of the dark dungeons in that peel until the case 
was decided in Traquair's favour, and bringing him back in the night to the 
Frigate Whins, where he had found him. Sir Walter Scott, in his introduction 
to the ballad, states "Wild and strange as this tradition may seem, there is little 
doubt of its foundation in fact." There is a doubt, however, as to the identity 
of the hero. Christie's Will was a grandson of Johnnie Armstrong, fiirst of 
Gilnockie, a Border reiver, handed down to fame in another ballad, "Johnnie 
Armstrang" which describes the summary execution, by order of James V. of the 
reiver and about fifty of his followers, at Carlinrigg, near Langholm. In the 
words of the ballad^ 

John murdered was at Carlinrigg, 

And all his gallant cumpanie; 
But Scotland's heart was ne'er sae wae, 

To see sae mony brave men die. — - 
Because they saved their countrey deir, 

Frae Englishmen ! Nane were sae bauld 
While Johnnie lived on the border syde, 

Nane of them durst cum neir his hauld." 

With the blood of long generations of fighting men in his veins it was onlj 
natural that our member. Captain Armstrong, should enter the army. He was 
gazetted in 1774, Ensign in the 17th regiment of infantry, then in Ireland, 
and Lieutenant in 1775. The regiment came out to America in 1776 and took 
part in the War of the Revolution. Armstrong was in the engagement at Stony 
Point on the Hudson. In 1781 he was transferred to the 64th regiment with 
the rank of Captain-Lieutenant and Captain and served with that regiment until 
1783. It was in garrison at New York that year and Armstrong acted as Deputy 
Quarter-Master-General. In January, 1782, Sir Henry Clinton sent Armstrong 
under a flag to Comte de Rochambeau with the money which Lord Comwallis 
had borrowed from the Count. Armstrong must have sold out in 1783 as his 
name did not appear in the Army List of 1784, in the active or retired list. A 
Loyalist of this name settled in Digby, Nova Scotia, in 1784, receiving 135 
acres of land there. When Armstrong returned to this country after the peace, 
is uncertain, but as he joined this Society in 1791, and the earliest reference 
noted in the newspapers was also in 1791, at the time he became a stock broker 
in partnership with Isaac Moses at 58 Broad Street, it is fair to assume that it 
was in that year. On October 5th. 1793, he married Margaret Marshall, 
daughter of the widow Marshall who married John Ramsey. In 1794 he sub- 
scribed for one share in the Tontine Coffee House. He seems also to have been 
in partnership from 1792 to 1798 with one Barnwell (Armstrong & Barnwell) 
in the ship-chandlery business. In the latter year that partnership expired by 
limitation. He then carried on alone an insurance and real estate business at 
89 Liberty Street, and shortly after entered into partnership with one John 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 285 

Smith in the ship-chandlery business. That latter venture proved a failure 
and in 1S03 the firm was declared bankrupt. In 1797 he got into an alter- 
cation with one Dr. Romayne, whom he posted in the newspapers, accusing him 
of attempting to bite his nose, that Romayne, therefore, was a scoundrel and a 
rascal and, although no gentleman, he, Armstrong, insisted on getting satis- 
faction, which, on Romayne refusing, Armstrong lampooned him in the news- 
papers. In 1806 he became the principal agent of Samuel G. Ogden, a New 
York merchant, who got entangled with Miranda in his attempts to free Caracas 
in South America. The expedition appealed to Armstrong's love of adventure 
and, true to his moss-trooper ancestry, he eagerly joined the enterprise as a 
colonel of riflemen and ([uarter-master-general. As we have seen he was of a 
choleric nature and quickly got involved in quarrels with every one around hira 
and finally quitted without leave and went to London. On June 22, 1810, Arm- 
strong married secondly, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Christopher Roberts, of 
Elizabethtown, and he was then designated "of the city of London." When he 
died at his residence in Elizabethtown, N. J., on January 27, 1830, he was 
designated "Col. William Armstrong of the British Army." His membership 
in the Society was resident in 1791, and later was changed to Honorary and 
his domicile is given on our Records as Elizabethtown. His widow, Elizabeth, 
died August 7, 1833, aged 64 years. His grandson , David Maitland Arm- 
strong, became a member of the Society in 1866. — Old Merchants of Nczv York; 
Hough's Am. Biog. Notes; Chronicles of the Arm-strongs ; Minstrels\ of the 
Scottish Border; the Press; Sabine; Carleton Papers. 



498 REV. ANDREW BROWN, D. D. 

Dr. Brown was born August 22, 1763, in the Parish of Biggar, Lanark- 
shire, and was the oldest son of Richard Brown, who at one time had been a 
weaver, and Tibbie Forrest, his wife. He matriculated in Glasgow University 
in 1776, when only 13 years of age. There he was educated for the ministry 
and was in due time licensed to preach by the presbytery of Biggar. He was then 
employed for a short time as a tutor in a family, one of whom became his first 
wife. In 1787 he was ordained to the pastoral charge of St. Matthew's Church, 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and continued there until 1795. He wrote a history of 
Nova Scotia, the manuscript of which is now in the British Museum, which 
remains unpublished through an accident. The vessel carrying the manuscript 
to Great Britain was wrecked, and, among other wreckage, it came ashore in 
an old trunk near Southampton and years afterward was discovered in a 
chandler's shop in London. Fortunately only a few leaves were missing. It 
was purchased by some one who knew its value and deposited in the Library 
of the Museum. A great deal of it has appeared since in publications, credited 
to other writers than Brown. While in Halifax he was a most popular member, 
a good speaker, and was long remembered for his keen satire and quaint humour. 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

and while in Nova Scotia outstripped all his contemporaries in genius and 
literary acquirements. In 1791 he was apiiointed by the Home Government 
Garrison Chaplain to the Scottish Presbyterian troops in Halifax, with a salary 
of seventy pounds sterling. This he received until his departure from Halifax 
in 1795. He was also the first Chaplain of the North British Society of Halifax. 
After his return to Scotland he became minister in Lochmaben from 1795 to 
1799, in the New Greyfriars, Edinburgh, for one year and in St. Giles from 1800 
to 1834. In 1799 he received the degree of D. D. from Edinburgh University. 
In 1801 he succeeded Dr. Blair in the University as Professor of Rhetoric and 
Belles-Lettres and in 1813 became Moderator of the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland. Dr. Brown's style was elegant and ornate, though somewhat 
diffuse and his delivery insinuating rather than commanding; he excelled es- 
pecially in prayer. He died at Primrose Bank, near Edinburgh, February 19, 
1834, and was interred in Greyfriars Churchyard. — Annals North British So. 
Halifax; Glas. Univ. Mat. Album; Biggar and the House of Fleming. 



499 ANDREW CLOW. 

Andrew Clow was a business man of Philadelphia, and in partnership with 
David Gay, under the firm name of Andrew Clow & Co. He had relatives in 
Jamaica, Long Island, where his daughter died in 1790. She was buried in the 
vaults of the Eirst Presbyterian Church of New York. Mr. Clow died prior to 
February 24, 1794. 



500 JAMES CUMMINGS. 

James Cummings was a dry goods merchant. In 1786 he appears to have 
been a member of the firm of McVicar & Cummin, in William Street. In 1789, 
however, he was doing business on his own account at 1 William Street. His 
name appeared annually thereafter, sometimes spelled Gumming and again Cum- 
mings. In 1791, on subscribing towards Saint Andrew's Hall, he signed "Cum- 
mings." In 1794, when at 67 Maiden Lane, he "declined" the retail business 
and sold out to John Ogden. He started business again in October of that year, 
presumably as a wholesale merchant. At this time he was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and affiliated with St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 3. In 1798, 
while at 160 Broadway, his home being at 77 Liberty Street, he advertised a 
line of drygoods that differed from anything heretofore observed, viz.."Baftas, 
Gossas, Guzenahs, Allibad, Sannahs and Humhums" which may interest some 
of our present day merchants. In 1804 he went through bankruptcy, and in 
1805 formed a copartnership with Schuyler Livingston, who had also been 
forced through the bankruptcy court. They conducted a wholesale and retail 
dry goods business under the style of James Cummings & Co. On April 1st, 
1808, the partnership was dissolved, Livingston becoming an auctioneer, and 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 287 

Cunimings gave up tlie retail business and continued the wholesale department 
on his own account. In October, 1808, he took Caleb J. Halsted into partner- 
ship, the firm becoming Cummings & Halsted. In April, 1809, lie became as- 
sociated with Napthali Phillips in the auction and commission business. There 
after Cummings can be traced through the directories from one business address 
to another, never remaining more than five years at one place. The same may 
be said about his various homes, but they were invariably down town until 1832, 
when he removed to 532 Broadway. On January 29, 1802, he married Catharine, 
daughter of John Nugent, Esq., of tiie Island of Trinidad. Mr. Cummings died 
in New York City, July 16, 1832, aged seventy-one years. 



501 SIR WILLIAM DOUGLAS, BARONET. 

Sir William was the eldest son of John Douglas of Newton Douglas and 
Mary, daughter of James Heron of Penningham. In early life he went to 
London, and with his brother James established a business there. About 1770 
the brothers became associated with James Heron under the firm name of Doug- 
las, Heron & Co., and opened a branch in Philadelphia. Heron must have been 
either William's uncle or cousin, probably the latter. This partnership expired 
March 1, 1773, and in September William Douglas advertised the fact in such 
a way as to lead one to infer that Heron was forced out. This was the year in 
which that firm made its disastrous failure, involving the Bank of Ayr and 
creating a great sensation at the time. The following year the brothers estab- 
lished a branch of their London house in New York, taking the store "lately 
occupied by Mr. William Steuart, Druggist." Their advertisement stated that 
the dry goods on sale were chosen by James, and it is apparent that James was the 
active partner in New York, while William remained in London. In the month of 
April, 1782, James, probably foreseeing an end to British rule and being without 
doubt a Loyalist, turned his business over to his younger brothers, George and 
Samuel Douglas, and left for London. It is likely that the two elder brothers 
retained an interest in the New York house and we may account in this way for 
William's visit here in 1791, when he received Honorary membership in the 
Society. Sir William received a baronetcy, July 17, 1801. 

Castle Douglas, Kirkcudbright, was called originally Causewayend and 
afterwards Carlinwark, and did not get its present name till 1792. This name 
alludes to the Castle of Thrieve, the old feudal stronghold of the Douglases. 
The following is taken from the Gazetteer: "Mr. William Douglas (Sir William) 
the respectable and enterprising merchant, who became the proprietor of Carlin- 
wark, now purchased the estate of Castle Stewart, in Wigtownshire, altered the 
name of the village, Newton Stewart to Newton Douglas, obtained for the place 
under this name a charter, erecting it into a burgh-of-barony and commenced 
vigourous efforts to make it a seat of important manufacture. A company, with 
Mr. Douglas at its head, erected, at an expense of upwards of £20,000, a large 



288 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

factory for spinning cotton, and connected it with the introduction and support 
of cotton weaving. Air. Tannahill, under the patronage of -Mr. Douglas, com- 
menced a small manufacture of coarse carpets. The village promised under all 
this stimulus to be a place of some importance, but it did not, however, materialize. 
The new name of Newton Douglas soon fell into disuse and gave place to the 
original name of Newton Stewart. The carpet factory proved an utter failure. 
The cotton factory worked well for a few years, declined, was abandoned and 
was ultimately converted into a quarry for the building of cottages and farm 
houses." The master mind had been taken away. Sir William built and oc- 
cupied Gelston Castle a few miles from Castle-Douglas. He died, September 
20th, 1809, at the home of his brother, Samuel Douglas of America Square, 
London, and, leaving no issue, the baronetcy became extinct. — Gazetteer; Burke; 
AIcKerlie's Gallozmy; the Press. 



502 JAMES DUNCAN. 

James Duncan was a brother-in-law of Peter Fenton, whose sister he married. 
He seems to have been in the ship chandlery business in 1789, as Duncan & 
Panton, which firm dissolved September 18, 1794. In 1796 he was a member 
of the firm of J. & Alex. Dimcan, designated as merchants, at 115 William 
Street. Thereafter no mention of anyone of this name appeared in the news- 
papers until 1811, when James Duncan, a member of the firm of James Cum- 
mings & Co., signed the announcement of that firm's dissolution. That in- 
dividual went into the auction business at 153 Pearl Street, and is believed to 
be the person, a native of Scotland, who died, November 8, 1812, at the age 
of 35 years, and consequently not our member, although he may have been a son. 
Peter Fenton's will establishes the fact that Duncan had three sons, James, 
Lawrence and Peter. No further facts have come under our notice. 



503 JOHN GRAHAM. 

John Graham was either a brother or a son of Robert Graham, member 
1785. In 1791, when John Graham joined the Society, he lived at the same 
house as Robert, 20 Little Queen Street. In the City Directory John is designated 
as a merchant. In 1794 he removed to 13 Cedar Street, and the following year 
to 272 Water Street. After 1797 no trace of this member has been found. He 
may have been the blind Scottish poet, who. in the twenties and thirties, contributed 
so many songs to our Annual Festivals. The poet has been traced to the year 1842. 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 289 

504 HENRY JOHNSTON. 

Henry Johnston was a schoolmaster, who was associated with Robert 
Graliam in conducting an "Academy" in Little Oueen Street, now Cedar Street, 
while his home was at 50 Fair Street, now Fulton Street. In March, 1792, 
he dissolved partnership with Graham and advertised that he intended opening 
a .school for young children at 55 King Street. Johnston received his educa- 
tion in a grammar school in the North of England, under an eminent master 
there. He came to this country and brought his parents with him and, being 
unmarried, lived with them. Although well trained in languages, he devoted 
himself entirely to instruction of children in reading, writing and speaking the 
English language with propriety and grammatical accuracy. In this branch 
of study he was indefatigable and carried it much farther than was usual in 
schools of that day. In consequence he had marked success as a teacher, but at 
the e.xpense of his health. Probably his intense application had something to do 
with his premature death on April 19, 1792. He was a young man of irreproach- 
able character, and his early demise was regarded as a public loss. — N. Y. Gacette. 



505 CAPTAIN JOHN KENNEDY. 

Captain Kennedy hailed from Kirkcudbright and while in New York with 
passengers and freight in the good ship Active of Liverpool, consigned to James 
Renwick, as agent, he received Honorary membership in the Society. This 
voyage was made shortly after his marriage in Kirkcudbright, on October 7, 
1790, to Mary Lenox, sister of Robert Lenox. Their sons David Sproat and 
James Lenox Kennedy became members later. 



506 ARCHIBALD LEITCH. 

Leitch was a boot and shoe maker at 46 Little Dock Street and was uncle 
of Archibald Currie. He died intestate in April, 1794 and Currie was appointed 
administrator of his estate. 



507 PHILIP LIVINGSTON. 

1st Vice-President 1793-1794. 

Philip Livingston, known as "Gentleman Phil", son of Peter Van Brugh 
Livingston, and nephew of Philip, the Signer, was born November, 3, 1740. He 
was a graduate from King's College in 1760 and got his degree of A. M. in 1763. 
Lord Adam Gordon, who met the family in 1765, calls young Philip a "buck." In 
1773 he was located in Jamaica, West Indies, where he remained some time, 
owning property there. He was Secretary to Sir Henry Moore, Governor of 



1 



290 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

New York, and his sympathies were with the mother country. After the war 
he went to England, and remained there some years. After his return to New 
York he married, October 20, 1790, Corneha, daughter of Daniel Van Hnrne. 
From 1797 to 1806, he was a Trustee of Columbia College. He died May, 
1810.— A^. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rec. 



508 ALEXANDER McDONALD. 

Alexander McDonald was a school teacher and is believed to have been a 
student at Kings College, Aberdeen, from about 1778 to 1783. That individual 
was a native of Invernessshire, who seems to have taken his course at College 
irregidarly and did not graduate. In 1789 McDonald advertised in the New 
York newspapers that he had "lately quitted South Carolina and was connected 
with the academy of Graham & Johnston as French teacher." In 1792 he took, 
a voyage for his health and on his return taught French in the evenings at 6 
Beaver Street and during the day at Campbell & Shepherd's Academy. In 1793 
he again went away for his health, and on his return resumed his duties as 
"French and English teacher" at the same Academy. In 1785 one of his name 
published at Norwich, Conn., The Youth's Assistant, a practical arithmetic, a 
duodecimo volume of 102 pages, of which several later editions were published. 
In reply to a query in the New York Sun, it was stated that close upon half a 
century ago, this McDonald had become a tradition among the earlier New York 
merchants, his practical skill with figures being accounted genius. We are unable 
to say definitely that the arithmetician and the French teacher are one and the 
same. The latter died of consumption at Albany, September 24, 1793, and 
was buried in the yard of the Presbyterian Church where the Washington Park 
now is. — P. J. Anderson of Aberdeen Unizrrsit\ ; Charles Evans of Chicago 
{American Bibliography) ; The Press. 



509 JOHN MACGREGOR. 

Manager 1796-1798. 

John MacGregor was one of four brothers who came from Thornhill, Perth- 
shire, two of whom, John and Alexander, became dry goods merchants in New 
York, while William and James, who were tanners, curriers and shoemakers, 
eventually moved to Saratoga County and became farmers. In 1791 John estab- 
lished the house of John MacGregor & Co., at 31 Maiden Lane, engaging in the 
dry good business. In 1793 he was the junior partner in the house of Rhodes 
& MacGregor at 234 Queen Street and later at 179 and 187 Pearl Street. On 
March 1st, 1798, this firm dissolved and John, with his brother Alexander, who 
was already located at 190 Pearl Street, established the firm of John & Alexander 
MacGregor. In September of this year John married, at Kingston, Ulster Co., 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 291 

Ann, daugliter of Jacob Trempcr. The partnership of the brothers was short- 
Hved, for in 1800 John is again doing business on his own account, his house and 
office being at 84 Broadway and his store at 7 Fletcher Street. John MacGregor 
died at Glasgow on the 19th of August, 1802, and one of his friends jniblished 
in the New York Evening Post of October 2, 1802, what was no doubt a well 
deserved paneg>'ric. — Hist, of Washington County; The Press. 



510 IVIE McILWRAITH. 

Ivie Mcllwraith was a carman of the 12th class and lived at 12 Dutch 
Street. He was probably a master teamster. His name appears in the directories 
from 1789 to 1796 as "Muckleworth." On October 14, 1786. he married 
Mary Smith, and in the marriage notice the name is spelled "Muckleworth." 
In 1797 Mary's name only appears in the directory, showing that Ivie must 
have died, and in corroboration we find that she married, January 20, 1798, Thomas 
Sprowl, and again the name is spelled phonetically. Ivie was related in some 
way to John Currie, who, in his will, made in 1806, left property to the children 
cf "Ivie Meckleworth deceased." I have retained the spelling of our Records 
because I have found in the Glasgow University Matriculation Albums, that one 
"Ivie Mcllwraith, oldest son of John, farmer in the county of Ayr" matriculated 
in 1847. The Christian name being so unusual the fact that two men with the 
same surname have borne it is significant and justifies the belief that it was a 
family name. In the Kilmarnock .Standard of October 17, 1914, "Carrick" 
states that in 1772, one Hugh Meiklewrath is mentioned in the first page of the 
minute book of the Secession congregation of Ayr and that at a later period 
this name was transmogrified into Mcllwrath or Mcllwraith. "Carrick" also 
states that the name "Ivie" still runs in families in Ayrshire. 



511 CAPTAIN WILLIAM McIVER. 

Captain Mclver was master of the brig Mary of Kingston, Jamaica, and 
held a Letter of Marque against the French. In 1793 Capt. Mclver seized an 
American vessel, but on investigation his owners gave up the ship. In 1794 
he was master of the ship NereiLs on a voyage from Jamaica to London, and in 
1795 of the ship James from Savannah to St. Johns, which was captured by a 
French privateer, plundered and abused, and in November he entered a protest 
against the seizure. In 1798 he was master of the Nef>tune of 12 guns, engaged 
in privateering. No further references have been found. 



512 CAPTAIN JOHN McKENZIE. 

Captain McKenzie was probably identical with one of that name who. 
in 1776, was master of the ship Inverness, which, on March 3d of that year, was 



292 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

seized and burnt in the river Savannah and in which our member, David MilHgan. 
was interested. Capt. McKenzie joined the Chamber of Commerce on Januarj' 
7, 1783. Sabine, in his work on the Loyahsts, states that McKenzie commanded 
a vessel engaged in transportation of suppHes for the British troops and, on the 
Evacuation, removed to Shelbourne, Nova Scotia, and died in Liverpool in that 
Province in 1825. 



513 ALEXANDER MASTERTON. 

Alexander Masterton was the son of David Masterton and Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Peter Bogert and Maria Roome, his wife, and must have been born prior 
to 1764, and elsewhere than in New York, as the baptisms from 1764 to 1773 
and from 1783 to 1798 of the very numerous family born to that worthy couple 
were recorded in the Dutch Reformed Church, and Alexander's name is not among 
the number. In 1773 David, the father, was master of the brig fFi///am, engaged 
in the Irish trade, sailing between New York and Newry and had a shop in 
1773, between Burling's Slip and the Fly Market, where he sold Jamaica spirits, 
rum, wines, etc. From 1789 to 1793 Alexander Masterton was junior partner 
of the firm of McLeod & Masterton, engaged in business at 86 William Street. 
His fvartner, Donald McLeod, married Masterton's sister, Ann, or Tanake, as the 
name appeared in the Records of the Dutch Church. In 1794 Masterton was in 
business for himself as a licensed auctioneer at 89 Maiden Lane. Thereafter 
his name did not appear in the city directories, and his name was omitted from 
the published list of members of 1796. 



514 PETER MASTERTON. 

Peter Masterton was a son of David and Margareta (Bogert) Masterton, 
and was baptized, December 2, 1746, his grand-parents, Petrus Bogert and 
Maria Roome, being the witnesses. Peter studied law, and on February 10, 
1790, was admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court. In 
1791 he was a Lieutenant in the Light Infantry. From 1789 his name appeared 
in the directories, first at 52 Water Street and in 1795 at 131 Fly Market. Like 
his brother, Alexander, nothing has been found concerning him thereafter, and 
it must be because both of them left the city. His name also was omitted from 
the published list of 1796. His father, in his will, left in trust for him, £2.000 
New York Currency, and states that he "was not satisfied with the conduct oi 
his son, Peter." 



515 QUENTIN MILLEN. 

Quentin Millen was probably a native of Glasgow, judging by his will, 
which refers to his daughter, her children and grandchildren there, and to his 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 293 

friend, Captain Hugh Morris "at the Greenhead" of Glasgow. During the 
Revolution Millen was engaged in business in Edenton, North Carolina. He 
was one of those Loyalists who were persecuted and driven out and who took 
refuge in New York. At the close of the Revolution he went for a short time 
to Nova Scotia, but not long after returned to New York. Here he engaged in 
the grocery business and, like many others, migrated from place to place through- 
out the city. In 1809 he retired from business and took up his residence at 
49 Rose Street, where he remained until he died, August 30, 1817, aged eighty- 
two years. His sons, John and Alexander, predeceased him, the latter dying in 
Edenton, where Quentin probably had interests. Millen left considerable prop- 
erty and money in the Glasgow branch of the Royal Bank of Scotland. His 
vvidov/, Emma, died in New York, September 3, 1818, aged eighty-one years and 
six months. — Loyalist MSS.; the Press. 



516 GEORGE MILLER. 

George Miller was a native of Scotland and an eminent merchant of Dobbs 
County, North Carolina. For a time, during the Revolution, he seems to have 
acted heartily with the Whigs. He was a meml)er of the Conventions, in 1774 
and 1775, which Governor Martin denounced and which sustained the proceedings 
of the Continental Congress. In 1776 he fell off, declaring he was by no means 
ripe for so strong and questionable a measure as that of entire separation from 
the mother country. His defection was much regretted as he was a gentleman 
of consideration and of noble traits of character and did what he could to allay 
the bitterness of faction. In 1779 his property was confiscated and he returned 
to London and was one of the Loyalist Addressors to the King. In 1787 he 
was appointed Consul and Deputy Commissary for the States of North Carolina, 
South Carolina and Georgia. It was said, in 1790, by a distinguished whig that 
he lived in high style and kept a chariot. He died at Hans Place, Knightsbridge, 
England, in 1798. While on a visit to New York he was made an Honorary 
member of the Society. — Sabine. 



517 CAPTAIN JAMES MILLER. 

Captain Miller received Honorary membership in the Society and at the 
:ime was domiciled in London. It is believed that his usual port of call, on his 
I'oyages to and from America, was Philadelphia, and he may have ultimately 
located there, but no definite reference to Captain Miller, subsequent to his visit 
:o New York, has been found. 



294 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1791 

518 ALEXANDER MOWATT. 

Alexander Mowatt was the son of John Mowatt, a native of Montrose and 
Jean Quereau, his wife. The father was engaged for many years as ironmonger 
at 87 William Street. Alexander was born May 23, 1766, probably in New 
York. In 1791 he served in the New York Militia as Ensign in the first Company 
of the 2nd Regiment, and in 1798 had attained the rank of Captain in the same 
Regiment. In 1793 he and John, either his father or his brother, engaged in 
business at Queen Street, later 230 Pearl Street, but in 1797 Alexander appeared 
to be alone and engaged in the lumber business. In November, 1795, he married 
at Flushing, Long Island, Elizabeth Post, daughter of Jotham Post. In 1798 his 
name did not appear in the directory while the following year he was with his 
father at 94 William Street. In 1800 he removed to 23 Cherry Street and was 
styled merchant, but in 1802. while at the same address, he was designated 
"Weigher". That year he offered for sale a mulatto woman and child, the 
domestic servants of the day being, for the most part, chattels. In 1803 his 
business address was 200 Water Street, where he remained until his death, which 
took place January 12, 1812. His widow, Elizabeth, died November 21, 1865, 
in her ninetieth year, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Berrian. 



519 ARCHIBALD ROBERTSON. 

Archibald Robertson was born at Monymusk, Aberdeenshire, May 8, 1765, 
and died in New York, December 6, 1835. He was the eldest son of William 
Robertson of Aberdeen, son of James of Drumnahoy, parish of Cluny, Aberdeen- 
shire, and Jane Ross, daughter of Alexander Ross, of Balnagown, Rossshire. In 
early youth Archibald manifested a great love for the fine arts, and when his edu- 
cation was completed at Aberdeen University studied and practiced from 1782 to 
1791 in Edinburgh, Aberdeen and London. In 1791 he came to New York at 
the solicitation of Dr. Kemp of Columbia College, Chancellor Livingston and 
others, and advertised that he was a "Limner from the Royal Academy, London." 
and that he had opened an Academy where he purposed to teach drawing and 
painting. He came under favourable circumstances, bringing letters from his 
friend and patron. The Earl of Buchan. One of these was addressed to Wash- 
ington and was accompanied by a snuff box made from the wood of the "Wallace" 
tree. Robertson delivered the I'etter and the snuff box and stayed six weeks with 
Washington, and while there painted a miniature portrait on ivory of Washington 
and a miniature of Mrs. Washington. He also painted a large portrait of Wash- 
ington in oil for Lord Buchan which was sent to him in April of 1792. On his 
return to New York he followed his profession as a painter and instructor work- 
ing mostly in water colours and crayons. He and his brother established the 
"Columbian Academy of Painting" at 89 William Street and for thirty years he 
was busy as painter and teacher. He was distinguished as a great linguist and 
spoke with fluency English, French, German and Spanish and was familiar with 



1791 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 295 

Hebrew, Greek and Latin. In 1802 he assisted in the project of formincr an Art 
Academy and in 1816, on the founding of the American Academy, he was elected 
a director. In November 1794 he married Eliza Abramse. He wrote a Treatise 
on Drawing published in New York about 1796 and a Treatise on Art (in Letters 
and Papers of Andrew Robertson) published in London 1895. One of the most 
cherished of his Lares and Penates was a violin which belonged to his father and 
which he bequeathed to his son William. His widow Eliza died April 5, 1865, in 
her eighty-ninth year. 



520 MATTHEW WATSON. 

Matthew Watson was a merchant tailor in Albany as early as 1765, and in 
an advertisement of May 13, 1791, stated that he came to New York "on the 
advice of many of his friends" and was ready for business at No. 3 Queen Street. 
He died April 16, 1797, and the New York Journal stated that "He united the 
character of a quiet and industrious citizen with that of an upright honest man ; 
as such he was respected by society and lamented by his friends." He died intes- 
tate and his son William was apjiointed one of his administrators. 



1792 



521 JOHN BENNIE. 

John Bennie was a native of Scotland who opened a school on September 26, 
1785, at No. 6 Cliff Street "near the bottom of Fair Street," where he taught 
English and the higher mathematics as well as navigation. In his advertisement 
he stated that he had taught for several years in Britain and for some time in 
America. In May following he removed to 39 Golden Hill. He seems to 
have removed from New York for a time but in 1793 he again became a resident 
and was located at 39 Nassau Street and the directory styled him accountant. 
In 1802 he was secretary of St. Stephen's Society, and in 1805 Secretary of the 
Provident Society and of the Mutual Benefit Society. For many years he was 
in the employment of Thomas Buchanan, remaining with the firm until his death at 
Bellevue June 29, 1817, aged 66 years. He seems to have left a son John, a 
printer, who died September 26, 1824, at the early age of 26 years. 



522 REV. JOHN BISSET. 

Chaplain 1793-1800. 

This gentleman was born in Scotland about 1762, and was probably a native 
of Culsalmond, Aberdeenshire. He was the son of the Rev. John Bisset (1723- 



296 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1792 

1797) minister of Culsalmond, 1751, and of Brechin, 1769, and Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Angus, minister of Culsahnond. His grandfather was the Rev. John 
Bisset (1691-1756) minister of New Rlachar 1717, and of East Church, Aberdeen, 
1728, whose Diary was published in Vol. I of the Spalding Club Miscellany, and 
his grandmother's name was Agnes Pirie. His great grandfather was Patrick 
Bisset of New Deer circa 1690. Like his father and grandfather our member 
entered Marischal College, Aberdeen, and graduated therefrom in 1779. He 
studied for the ministry and was ordained in this country by Bishop Seabury. In 
1789 he was rector of Shrewsbury Parish, Maryland. In 1792 he was called tg 
Trinity Parish, New York, and performed the duties of Assistant Rector. Mr. 
Bisset served as deputy from New York to the General Convention of the Episco- 
pal Church and acted as Secretary of that body. In 1794 he was Secretary of 
the New York Society for promoting Christian Knowledge and Piety. In 1785 
he was elected Assistant Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Free Masons of 
this State. That same year he received the appointment in Columbia College of 
Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, retiring from that position in 1799. Dr. 
Berrian, in his Historical Sketch, acknowledges that he had often heard of Mr. 
Bisset's eloquence and popularity, and William A. Duer in his Reminiscences of 
an Old Yorker says that he was "a more eloquent and powerful preacher, if not 
a more popular one, than any preceding or succeeding him in the office. . . . Be- 
sides being an excellent preacher he was ... a sound divine and a ripe and good 
scholar." Mr. Bisset resigned his position in Trinity Church, March 10, 1800, 
and in the same year went to London where he died about the year 1810. — Hist, of 
Trinity Church; Gen. & Biog. Rec. Vol. 35 ; P. I. Anderson, Abcr. Univ. 



523 CAPTAIN JOHN BUCHANAN. 

John Buchanan was a native of Scotland, who came to New York about 1791. 
In the Directory of 1793 John Buchanan's location is given as 91 Broadway. In 
1794 he was of the firm of Buchanan & Mabie, doing business, first at 50 Broad 
Street, and later at 206 Pearl Street. This partnership was dissolved November 
26, 1798, and thereafter Buchanan continued at the same stand until 1803. In 
1799 his business was probably that of dry goods commission merchant and ship- 
ping agent, judging by his advertisements. He married Ann, only daughter of 
William Luce, and had a son George who died of malignant fever in Jamaica, 
West Indies, in January, 1806. They had a daughter Ann who married April 
28, 1793, one Robert Johnston. Buchanan's name did not appear again in the 
city directories nor in the newspapers so far as is known. He died at 177 William 
Street on March 8, 1812, and the Society was invited to attend his funeral, 
thereby showing that he had kept up his connection with the Society. He died 
intestate and his widow became administratrix of his estate. 

(Sec Addenda page 399) 



1792 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 297 

524 GEORGE CLELAND. 

Cleland was a blacksmith and farrier and is first noted as sucli in 1787, al- 
though he may have been here earlier. In 1789 he resided at the corner of Nassau 
Street and Maiden Lane and the following year at 15 Maiden Lane, no doubt the 
same spot. The directory of 1792 states that his house and store were at 15 
Maiden Lane, while his workshop was at 52 Crown Street. For many years his 
name appeared as Cliland but latterly it was always spelled Cleland. In 1795 
he removed to 53 Maiden Lane and in 1796 was designated ironmonger and con- 
tinued to be so called until he removed in 1802 to Broadway "above the Union 
Furnace." Here he remained only one year and in 1803 removed to 118 Harman 
Street, moving again to 27 Elizabeth Street, and later, in 1810, on retiral from 
business, to the "upper end of Broadway." He was a member of the Washington 
Benevolent Society and in 1803 a Trustee of the First Associate Refonned 
Church. His wife died April 4, 1811, and he soon followed her, dying July 6, 
1811. In 1815 his heirs were said all to be abroad. 



525 CADWALLADER COLDEN. 

Cadwallader Colden was the son of Cadwallader Colden of Coldenham and 
Elizabeth Ellison of New Windsor. The father of our member was the third son 
of Lieut. -Gov. Cadwallader Colden and Alice Christy of Kelso, his wife. Nothing 
has been learned regarding this member of the Colden family other than that he 
married Elizabeth Fell and Christina Grififin. He seems to have been the eldest 
son and probably succeeded to the estate of Coldenham. It is also probable that 
it was he who was of the firm of Kissam & Colden, public notaries in 1792, lo- 
cated at 202 Water Street. He died at Coldenham, Ulster County, New York, 
about February 9th, 1797. 



526 ARCHIBALD DRUMMOND. 

Archibald Drummond was a bookseller and stationer on Greenwich Street, 
near the Battery and is first noted in the directory of 1792. Here he remained 
two years, removing in 1794 to 59 Fair Street, and in 1796 to 132 Water Street, 
where he remained until 1798. His home in the latter year was at 53 Pine Street. 
In December, 1795, when Francis Child & Co., proprietors of the Daily Adver- 
tiser, sold out to John Morton, it developed that Drummond was a member of the 
firm and on its dissolution Drummond entered into partnership with Henry 
Waddel, the firm to be A. Drummond & Co. Waddel, however, "declined"' after 
two days and Drummond carried on business alone. In April of 1799 he ad- 
vertised his household furniture for sale, and removed from New York. He 
made Philadelphia his home and became a member of the Saint Andrew's Society 
of that City. No doubt in due time the Historian of that Society will tell the 
story of Archibald Drummond. 



298 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1792 

527 JOHN DUFFIE. 

John Duffie, son of Duncan Duffie, a native of Edinburgh, and Mary Thom- 
son, his wife, was born in New York City December 14, 1763. He began his 
business career as a clerk with Isaac Clason and later went into the grocery busi- 
ness with his brother-in-law Cornelius C. Roosevelt. He married Maria, daughter 
of Cornelius and Margaret (Herring) Roosevelt. In 1790 they were located at 
6 and 8 Old Slip and in 1798 both at Old Slip and 75 Front Street. In 1799, 
during the prevalence of yellow fever, they removed to 50 Vesey Street, but re- 
turned in the autumn to their old place of business in Front Street. The business 
by this time was entirely confined to dealing in salt. In June, 1798, Mr. Duffie 
engaged a young salesman, William Whetten Todd, nephew of John Jacob Astor, 
who had been in his employment. In 1805, on the retirement of Mr. Roosevelt, 
Mr. Todd became a partner and in 1807 became Mr. Duffie's son-in-law by marry- 
ing his eldest daughter Maria Caroline. Mr. Duffie was for many years Trustee 
of the Gold Street Baptist Church and Secretary of the Board. He owned a large 
parcel of land at Kip's Bay on the east side of Murray Hill. The Episcopal Church 
of St. John the Baptist, on the corner of Lexington Avenue and 35th Street, stood 
on a portion of the Kip's Bay parcel granted by the family for the purpose. The 
story or joke in that vicinity at the time, according to Scoville, was that the church 
received its name from family afTection and veneration for John Duffie who was 
a steady pillar and deacon of the First Baptist Church on Golden Hill. He was 
honorary member of the Marine Society. Among the men of his own day John 
Duffie was regarded as one who had achieved his share of wealth and independence. 
He died at his seat at Greenwich (village) July 9, 1808, lamented by a large 
circle of friends and generally esteemed. He was survived by his widow, one son, 
the Rev. Cornelius Duffie, Rector of St. Thomas Church, and several daughters. 
The business was carried on by his son-in-law and in a later generation by grand- 
sons. — Old Merchants of New York; Todd Genealogy; Contemporary Press. 



528 JAMES GALBREATH. 

James Galbreath was no doubt a relative of David Galbreath (member 1784) 
who left for Europe in July, 1791. In 1792 a partnership was formed between 
James Galbreath and Thomas Elmes under the firm name of Galbreath & Elmes. 
Their first place of business was at 30 Queen Street. In 1794 they removed to 234 
Pearl Street and in 1799 to Slote Lane. In 1801 and 1802 they were located at 
133 Pearl Street. After that time neither the firm's name nor that of Galbreath 
appears in the City directory and it is surmised that in the eleven years in which 
he was engaged in business in New York he realized sufficient to enable him to 
return to Scotland with a competence. 



792 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 299 

i29 JOHN GARDINER, M.D. 

In 1777 Dr. Gardiner lived in Pearl Street, New York. During the Revolu- 
ion Dr. Gardiner was Surgeon's Mate on board the Continental frigate Con- 
'cdcracy, Capt. Seth Harding, in 1777; he was taken prisoner July 22, 1781, and 
:onfined in the prison ship Jersey. He settled in Southhold, Long Island, in 1781, 
md practiced medicine there until his death in October, 1823, at the age of 72 
/ears. He had a large field to cover from Mattituck to Plumb Island, more than 
hirty miles, and gained the respect and esteem of the country side. Dr. Gardiner 
vas twice married, first to Abigail Worth and second to Peggy, eldest daughter 
)f Major Calvin Moore. He was buried in Southold Cemetery where a large 
stone marks his grave and records his virtues. — Griffin's Journal; S. A. R. Book; 

'he Press. 

[Appears in History as Gardner.] 



^30 ANDREW GIFFORD. 

-Andrew GifFord was born at Loanhead near Edinburgh in the year 1761. 
[le learned his trade of cabinet maker and came to New York some time after the 
Revolution. He married Margaret Noble, a native of Edinburgh. On April 21, 
1786, he entered into partnership with George Olive in the business of manu- 
facturing furniture at 14 Fletcher Street, near the Fly Market. In 1789 he en- 
:ered into a new partnership with John Scotland, also a member of the Society, 
.mder the firm name of GifFord & Scotland. They not only manufactured and 
sold furniture but they dealt in mahogany, both wholesale and retail. In March, 
1798, they advertised that "they were determined to relinquish their business 
md would sell their stock, property, etc.," and in 1799 the firm was dissolved by 
mutual consent, Scotland to carry on the business thereafter. For the years 1799 
and 1800 GiiTord's name does not appear in the City Directory but in 1801 he is 
again engaged in business conducting a lumber yard in Greenwich Street and deal- 
ing in fine woods and all kinds of timber and lumber. In 1804 he advertised 
building lots "near the Banks at Greenwich." This refers to the fact that at every 
recurring epidemic of yellow fever, to which the city was then subject, the banks 
of the city moved up to Greenwich village to be out of the danger zone. In 1812 
he moved his "mahogany yard" to White Street, near the Arsenal, and in April 
following announced his intention to retire from business and offered his stock 
for sale. In 1818 he was one of the managers of the American Bible Society. He 
lived on 11th Street in "the village" for many years. He was the first session 
clerk of the Reformed Presbyterian Church under Dr. McLeod and for a time was 
a ruling elder. He died November 28, 1846, aged 86 years, leaving a son, James 
Noble GifFord (who became a member of the Society in 1825), and a daughter, 
Elizabeth, who became the wife of David Wylie. He left considerable property 
situated on both sides of 11th Street between 5th and 6th Avenues. His will dis- 
tinctly provided that no part of his estate should go towards the payment of his 
son's debts. 



300 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1792 

531 JAMES LENOX. 

Manager 1798-1799. 

James Lenox, son of James and Elizabeth (Sproat) Lenox of Kirkcudbright, 
was born in the year 1772, and baptized April 6, of that year. His father was 
a shoemaker in Kirkcudbright and married Elizabeth Sproat on November 29, 
1750. James Lenox, the son, came to this country in 1789. In 1793 he was a 
partner in the firm of Nicholas G. Carmer & Co., dealers in iron and iron products, 
at 230 Queen Street, and on the dissolution of that firm on November 1st, of that 
year, he took a trip to Scotland. His stay in New York being short his name ap- 
peared in 1792 on the Honorary list of the Society and he did not become a resi- 
dent member until 1798. In 1794 he became associated with William Hill, a mer- 
chant at 137 Water Street, as Hill & Lenox, and this connection being dissolved in 
1796 he, with his brother Robert and with William Maitland, formed the co- 
partnership of James Lenox & William Maitland, at 4 William Street. They 
removed in 1799 to 48 Broad Street and in 1804 to 29 Greenwich Street near the 
Battery. In 1815 Maitland retired from the firm to attend to the business in 
Liverpool, transferring his interests in New York to Mr. Lenox. The finn was 
succeeded by Lenox, Maitland & Co., composed of James Lenox, Robert Mait- 
land and David Sproat Kennedy. Mr. Lenox resided for many years at 14 
Greenwich Street. In 1813 he was a director of the Bank of New York. Not 
meeting with the success in business that he wished Mr. Lenox returned to Scot- 
land in 1817 and purchased the estate of Dalskairth, in the Stewartry of Kirk- 
cudbright, where he died, a bachelor, on May 10, 1839. His brother Robert 
inherited one-third of his estate. — N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Record; Kclby's Notes, 
N. Y. Hist. So. 



532 HUGH McDOUGALL. 

Hugh McDougall was a painter, gilder and glazier, and was a member of the 
General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, acting in 1795 as one of the 
Stewards at the annual festival held by that Society. He was a man of considera- 
able activity, dealing in all kinds of paints, oils and white lead, and did not confine 
himself to articles of his own trade but dealt also in cotton, logwood, deerskins, 
and even offered in 1799 a brig for sale. In 1802 he got into a controversy with 
Cheetham, a newspaper man, showing he had at least courage, if not discretion, 
and at another time, while a trustee of a bankrupt, he quarreled with his co- 
trustees, thereby displaying another phase of his character. While at 92 Broadway 
that year he was ousted from the property and according to him by "an un- 
principled creditor, an unjust lawyer and a sheriff culpably negligent," a com- 
bination very difficult to overcome. In 1803 he advertised that he kept the 
Shakespeare Inn, five miles from town, and offered "Genteel Board and Lodging 
for Gentlemen." From 1808 his imdow made regular calls upon the Managers 
and was characterized as "importunate." Their peace of mind was not disturbed 
on Sarah's account after November 22, 1811, as she died on that date in her 45th 
year. 



792 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 301 

i33 JOHN MITCHELL MASON, D.D. 

Chaplain 1793-1822. 

Dr. John Mitchell Mason was born in New York City, March 19, 1770. His 
ather, the Rev. Dr. John Mason, minister of the Scotch church, personally in- 
tructed the son and prepared him for college. He graduated from Columbia in 
789, and continued his theological studies at the University of Edinburgh. He 
vas recalletl the following year by his father's death, and was chosen to succeed 
lis father as pastor in his church in New York, and soon became the recognized 
eader of the American Reformed denomination. He went to Scotland in 1801, 
ly order of the Synod, to induce other clergymen of his faith to come to the United 
states. During his ministerial career he was associated from 1811 to 1816 with 
he government of Columbia College as provost. His high qualifications for the 
idministration of the college are shown in the college statutes, adopted under 
lis sway, and in the report upon the state of the college attributed to his pen, 
vhich was a vigourous presentment of his ideas of college duties and discipline. 
■Te had pronounced views and believing that the ministers of his denomination 
hould be educated at home, he inaugurated a movement which resulted in the 
;stablishment of the Union Theological Seminary, and was appointed the first 
)rofessor when it was opened in 1804. He established the Christian Mai:^azinc 
n 1806, in the pages of which he conducted the celebrated controversy with Bishop 
rlobart Ufxm the claims of the Episcopacy. He resigned his pastorate in 1810, 
md formed a new congregation, as his affiliation with the Presbyterians had given 
)t¥ense to some of his denomination. Charges were preferred against him in 
.811, but the synod refused to condemn him. Failing health obliged him to sever 
lis connection with Columbia in 1816, and seek a change of air in a visit to Europe, 
vhere he spent a year, and upon his return resumed his ministerial duties until 
1821 when he was elected president of Dickinson College, Carlisle. Pa. Here he 
■emained for three years, when his health again became impaired and he was com- 
jelled to resign. When Dr. Atwater resigned the presidency in 1815, various 
:fforts and expedients in management were resorted to, to repair the exhausted 
inances of the college, but none succeeded, and the college was closed for six 
('ears. It was thought that the great reputation of Dr. Mason would revive an in- 
erest in its afifairs and the college was reopened. Dr. Mason was unremitting in 
lis efforts to increase the financial strength of the institution but the state of his 
lealth was such that he was compelled to relax his labours. He had a great repu- 
:ation for robust eloquence, and was a powerful preacher and controversialist. 
Dr. Robert Hall of England on hearing him preach was so impressed by the flow 
3f eloquence that he remarked, "I can never preach again." He was called the 
arince of pulpit orators. His advocacy of open communion gained for him great 
distinction in the religious world. His writings, consisting mostly of sermons, 
were published in four volumes by his son. He was a great admirer of Plamilton. 
and contemplated writing a life of him. He delivered an oration on the occasion 
of Hamilton's death which commanded wide attention. The University of Penn- 



302 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1792 

sylvania conferred upon him the degree of D.D. Dr. Mason was one of the 
founders of the American Bible Society and for several years held the office of its 
foreign secretary. He died in New York City December 29, 1829. — Nat'l Cy. 
Am. Biog. Val. 6, p. 438; et al. 



534 JOHN SCOTLAND. 

In the year 1789 John Scotland entered into partnership with Andrew GifFord 
for the manufacture and sale of furniture and as dealers in fine woods, mahogany 
principally. This partnership continued until March of 1798 when something 
happened to disturb the relations between the partners and they then inserted an 
advertisement in the press that they were "determined to relincjuish their business'' 
and that their property and stock were for sale. On May 1, 1799, the partner- 
ship was dissolved by mutual consent and Scotland carried on the business. On 
September 9th, of that year, he fell a victim of yellow fever then ravaging the city, 
and his obituary notice said simply "a merchant justly respected." He took an 
interest in church matters, being for a time Treasurer of the Benevolent Society 
of the Presbyterian Church. His widow Isabella survived him until March 19, 
1841, when she died aged 81 years, at the home of her daughter, the wife of 
Henry Camerden. 



535 ALEXANDER THOMSON. 

Manager 1797-1798. 



»s^ 



When Alexander Thomson joined the Society in 1792 he was engaged in 
the dry goods business at 22 Nassau Street. On May 1, 1795, he entered into part- 
nership with Thomas Delves under the firm name of Delves & Thomson, buying 
and selling home and foreign produce and British manufactures on commission, 
and acting also as ship and insurance brokers, at 85 Wall Street on Jones' Wharf. 
In 1797, when he became manager of the Society, succeeding his father, John 
Thomson, who had been elected Treasurer at that time, he was doing business at 
56 Wall Street. In 1802 he formed the firm of Alexander Thomson & Co., John, 
Jr., his brother, being associated with him, at 22 Pine Street. From that date 
until 1810 they moved from place to place and then gave up business on account 
of the war of 1812. Alexander returned to New York in 1815, again joined the 
Society, and began business on his own account at 112 Pearl Street where he 
remained until 1827. On January 1, 1822, he formed a new partnership under 
the firm name of Alexander Thomson & Co., his nephew, James Lawson. who 
came out from Glasgow, becoming his partner. In 1823 he won a suit against 
J. & N. Haight for the repeal of a patent on the making of ingrain carpets. In 
1824 his son, Alexander, Junior, was taken in as partner. In 1830 the firm of 
Thomsons & Macfarlane was formed consisting of the two Alexanders, father and 



1792 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 303 

son, and Andrew Macfaiiane and they carried on business at 87 Pearl Street. At 
the same time the house in Glasgow was known as A. & A. Thomson & Co. 
In October, 1831, he was appointed United States Consul at Glasgow and served in 
that capacity until December, 1843. Mr. Thomson died at his home in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1848. 



1793 



536 ANDREW DREYER BARCLAY. 

Manager 1797-1799. 

Andrew D. Barclay, eldest son of James and Maria (\'an Beverhout) Bar- 
clay and grandson of Andrew Barclay, fourth President of the Society, was born 
probably in New York, on Aug~ust 30, 1773. The initial "D'' of his second name 
probably stood for Dreyer or Drauyer that of his great-grandmother, a similar 
initial being assumed by his uncle, the member of 1773. In 1791 he took over his 
father's business at 22 Hanover Square and entered into partnership with James 
McEvers, the firm being McEvers & Barclay, who were auctioneers and commis- 
sion merchants. In 1793 they removed to 194 Water Street and in 1795 to 127 
Water Street. Mr. Barclay was one of those who signed the brokers' agreement 
to trade with each other at Y\'7fi commission. Scoville states that he owned one 
share in the Tontine Coffee House. In 1797 Barclay was in business alone, Mc- 
Evers having died in the meantime. Mr. Barclay died at New Providence, March 
3, 1801, where he had gone in search of health, and the Commercial Adi'ertiser 
stated that "the death of this valuable and singularly virtuous young gentleman is 
truly regretted." 



537 CAPTAIN ALEXANDER GOLDEN. 

Captain Golden was master of the ship Active trading between Liverpool and 
the West Indies, New York and Philadelphia as ports of call. He died at sea 
July 25, 1796, on his voyage from Jamaica to New York, and his remains were 
landed and interred by the crew on Gape Gorientes in the Island of Cuba. He be- 
came a member of the Marine Societv in 1794. 



538 CAPTAIN DAVID DEAS. 

Captain Deas was a sea faring man engaged principally in the West Indian 
trade. In January, 1787, while on his voyage from Curacoa to New York in the 
sloop Sally he was forced after forty-one days to put into Newport in distress. 
Water and provisions had run short and while in this condition he encountered the 



304 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1793 

sloop Polly, Capt. Gardner, in a wrecked condition. He stood by her and rescued 
those of the crew that remained aboard. This, however, added to their miseries as 
it shortened their rations of food and water. The newspapers of the day paid 
their tribute of praise to the humane conduct of Capt. Deas. In May he was 
master of the brig- Mary bound for Kingston, Jamaica. At the same time he was 
engaged in the grocery and wine trade at 216 Queen Street. In 1803 we find him 
at 113 Water Street. The date of his death has not been ascertained but his 
zvidow Elena died April 6, 1825. No will of Deas is recorded in New York nor 
were letters of administration granted on his estate. 



539 ALEXANDER EWEN. 

This name appears in the MS Record but is not in the published list of 1796. 
Neither is it in the City directories of that time nor has it been noted in the news- 
papers of the period. Had it been the name of a transient visitor to the city it 
would have appeared in the Honorary list. The view taken after due consideration 
is that the Secretary who compiled the MS list, copying from the Constitution Book 
in which all signatures appeared, deciphered the name wrongly. The question 
therefore is who was the member? As this would be purely speculative no attempt 
to determine it is made at this time. 



540 ANDREW GARR. 

Andrew Garr or Girr was born in the year 1745 near the village of Auchen- 
cairn, in the Parish of Rerrick, Kirkcudlu-ightshire. He was the eldest of four 
children the others being John, Grizel and Ann Girr. Captain John's house, 
st3-led "Bunker Hill House" near Auchencairn was standing in 1899 and it was 
said to have been partly paid for by money sent him by his brother Andrew from 
America. Andrew Garr learned the trade of ship building and went to London 
where he married. His wife's name is not known but it is surmised that it was 
Sheffield. In 1783 or 1784 he came to New York bringing with him his son 
Andrew Sheffield Garr. In 1790 he was engaged in business at No. 43, in 1794 
at No. 118 and in 1809 at No. 66 Cherry Street. In 1810 he removed to 66 Rutgers 
Street. He had ship yards on the East River at the foot of Rutgers Street and on 
Water Street and also owned a lumber yard near Catharine Slip. In 1800 he 
married secondly Mary Ogden, probably of New York, by whom he had one child 
Janet (b. Dec. 11, 1800). He married a third time Margaret Garr of New Haven. 
In 1802 he advertised that he was about to quit business and offered for sale his 
stock of spars, masts, etc. He died at his home, 66 Rutgers Street, on Sunday, 
April 12, 1812, and was buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery. In 1866 the body 
and headstone were removed to Woodlawn.- — Mrs. Helen. Garr Henry of Morris- 
foxvn, N. J ; The Press. 



1793 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 305 

541 MATTHEW JERVIS. 

Matthew Jervis was a tavern-keeper, being so designated in his will. He 
kept a "Porter House'' on Garden Street. In the Presljyterian Church Records 
appeared his marriage to Patience Cox, a widow, on May 23, 1791, and her 
death took place September 24, 1802, at "The Bowery, a little above Bayard's 
Lane." From the fact that he had a brother, Walter Jervis, of the Bridge of John- 
son near Paisley, we infer that our member also came from there. He adopted 
the spelling "Jarvis" and was so known, probably because he desired the accus- 
tomed pronunciation. He died at 76 Wall Street of yellow fever August 16, 
1803. 



542 JOHN KNOX. 

Manager 1797-1799. 

John Knox was a native of Edinburgh. When he came to New York is not 
known and he has not been identified with the life of the city earlier than the year 
that he joined the Society. He may have been the senior partner of the firm of 
Knox & Cowan who, in 1780, dealt in European and Indian goods at 31 Wall 
Street, and in 1781 at 235 Queen Street. In 1793 our member is definitely located 
at 184 Queen Street. In 1795 and 1796 he was senior member of the firm of Knox 
& Briggs, merchants at 187 Front Street, while in the latter year he also did 
business alone at 304 Pearl Street. In 1797 Divie Bethune was taken into part- 
nership, the firm becoming Knox & Bethune, at 11 Liberty Street, while Knox, 
always with an anchor to windward, conducted a commission and insurance busi- 
ness at 97 Water Street. His partnership with Bethune was dissolved August 1, 
1798, and thereafter for many years he had no partner. The business seems to 
have been of a varied character embracing such articles as rum, sugar, cut glass, 
earthenware, tobacco, flour, mahogany, Swedes iron, logs, cordage, cotton, mag- 
nesia. Bills of Exchange, white lead, paint, porter, muslins and ale. During the 
epidemics of yellow fever in 1798 and 1803 he joined the colony at Greenwich 
village which, though not distant from the business life of the city, was yet in the 
country and comparatively safe. In 1804 he took as a partner George Laurie, 
the firm becoming Knox & Laurie, and in their advertisement they described them- 
selves as "Insurance Brokers and Commission Merchants." On the first page of 
the first number of the New York Ez'cning Post, Monday, November 16, 1801, 
John Knox advertised the sailing of the British brig Mincri'a, whether as agent 
or owner is not stated. Mr. Knox died July 18. 1810, and seems never to have 
married. 



543 JOHN McCARR. 

John McCarr was a native of Newton-Stewart, Wigtownsliire. and born about 
1757. When he came to this country is unknown, but it was prior to the Revolu- 



306 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1793 

tion, as it is an established fact that he fought with the Americans in that long 
struggle. To which regiment he was attached has not been ascertained. His name 
first appeared in the City directory of 1793, the year he joined the Society. The 
only outstanding fact noted, other than that he was a soldier, was the loss of his 
pocket book in 1794, which contained $855.00, and while he may have been a "canny 
Scot" in gathering the "gear" yet the loss of it shows that his claim to rank as 
such is somewhat doubtful. His business was that of a merchant tailor. In 1796 
he advertised for sale 29,000 acres of land in the district of Georgetown, South 
Carolina. From 1797 to 1811 his name disappeared from the directories, and re- 
appeared in the latter year with a new address almost every year thereafter until 
1832. About that time he appealed to Congress for relief but it is not known that 
his appeal availed him anything. He was then very old and infirm and became a 
pensioner of the Society in 1834 remaining such until his death which took place 
between October 10, 1842, and May 9, 1843. On the latter date his ?t'idozv 
first received assistance. — The Press; Citv Directories; Managers' BooIjs. 



544 ARCHIBALD McDOUGALL. 

Archibald McDougall was probably the son of Alexander and Margaret 
(Shaw) McDougall and was born January 20, 1767. In 1793 his name appears in 
the directory as a merchant at 3 Great Dock Street. Later he is described as grocer 
and later still as ironmonger. In 1799 his name appears for the last time and he 
was then at 6 Coenties Slip. No will is recorded in New York nor were any let- 
ters of administration on his estate granted by the court. 



545 SAMUEL MILLER, D.D. 

Chaplain 1800-1813. 

Dr. Miller, son of the Rev. John Miller, was born at Dover, Delaware, Octo- 
ber 21, 1769, and died at Princeton, New Jersey, January 7, 1850. He gradu- 
ated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1789, studied theology and was 
licensed to preach in 1791, and the same year was installed as assistant pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of New York, remaining with it until 1813. He 
received in that year the appointment of Professor of Ecclesiastical History and 
Church Government in Princeton Theological Seminary and held this office until 
1849. He was for a time corresponding Secretary of the New York Historical 
Society. The University of Pennsylvania gave him the degree of D.D. in 1804. 
He published many works and it has been said that his Brief Retrospect of the I8th 
Century, published in 1803, "marks an era in our literature." In Vol. 24 of the 
Genealogical Record appears a letter which refers to Dr. Miller and Princeton and 
for its naivete is worth quoting. "Such a sacrifice, a man of his talents, to bury 
himself in a red-mud New Jersey village on such a wild goose scheme, as a theo- 



1793 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 307 

logical school to train young men for the Ministry. Why can they not study with 
well-known clergyman, as in times past? It will never succeed, die for want of 
breath." His personal appearance when first called to the ministry is spoken of in 
Spragiic's Annals in the following terms : "He had much more than common ad- 
vantages in respect to personal appearance. Of about the middle size, he was 
perfectly well proportioned, with a fine intelligent and benignant countenance which 
would not be likely to pass unnoticed in a crowd. His manners were cultivated 
and graceful in a high degree, uniting the polish of Chesterfield with the dignity 
and sincerity of a Christian minister." 



546 ROBERT MUNRO. 

Robert Munro was probably the conveyancer and broker who in the years 
1796 and 1797 was located at 4 Beekman Slip and 212 Water Street. His name 
did not appear in the directories thereafter. In the pamphlet of 1796 his name 
is given as Robert G. Munro. 



547 ALEXANDER ROBERTSON. 

Alexander Robertson, brother of Archibald, member 1791, was born in Aber- 
deen May 13, 1772, and died in New York, May 27, 1841. He received his 
education in Marischal College, Aberdeen. He followed his brother Archibald to 
New York in 1792, after receiving some instruction in miniature painting from 
Shelly in London. He painted landscapes in water colour, and, like his brother, 
was well known as a teacher. He was Secretary of the Academy of Fine Arts. On 
August 6, 1806, he was married by the Rev. Mr. Hamilton to Janet McLaren, a 
native of Scotland and by her had several children. 



548 JOHN STARK ROBERTSON, M.D. 

John Stark was the eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Stark, minister of I'al- 
merino, and laird of Ballindcan and Newbigging in Fife. The Starks are by tradi- 
tion descended from one Paul Robertson, of the Struan family, who, having com- 
mitted man-slaughter early in the sixteenth century took refuge in Balmerino, 
became a tenant of the Abbey and assumed the name of Stirk or Stark. John 
Stark was born in 1747 (his mother being a Bruce of Kinloch) and succeeded his 
father as minister and laird in 1772. He proved anything but an exemplary country 
minister, and, after trouble with his Presbytery, resigned his charge in 1781. After 
qualifying in medicine he settled in Bath, England, as a physician and assumed the 
name of Robertson, but whether he did so as simply carrying out the family tradi- 
tion of descent or because of his marriage, in 1790, to Susanna, daughter of General 



308 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1793 

Reid (member 1762, q. v.) is unknown. General Reid strenuously opposed the 
marriage and became completely estranged from his daughter, refusing even to see 
her. In 1792, however, the General offered his daughter her mother's property in 
America if she would go to New York and live there, an offer she gladly accepted. 
(Her mother was Susanna Alexander, sister of William Alexander, the self-styled 
Lord Stirling). They sailed for New York in the Spring of 1793 and remained 
until 1800. They took a house in Cortlandt Street and met and entertained all 
the people of consequence in the city and the vicinity as well as visitors of promi- 
nence. Walter Rutherfurd, in one of his letters, states "we see the Robertsons 
often .... her taste in dress is elegant and much followed .... he falls in strong 
with the Democrats." Late in 1799 Mrs. Robertson determined to return in the 
hope of making peace with her father. They went to Canada, c'ia Boston, and 
sailed from Halifax, landing in London July following. On the way home the ship 
was chased by a French privateer and with great difficulty escaped, but not without 
the sacrifice of guns and everything heavy on deck. Her father relented some- 
what, sending her presents, but still refused to see her on account of a vow he had 
taken, and friendly relations had not been resumed when he died in 1807. Dr. 
Robertson was in Paris in 1803 and became a prisoner of war, and in one of his 
letters quotes Sterne's poor starling "I can't get out, I can't get out." He died in 
Paris August 8, 1809, of consumption, leaving no children. His widow succeeded 
to Ballindean. but she made Paris her home, where she died May 31, 1838. The 
estate of Ballindean passed to her husband's nieces, the Misses Stark of Kingsale, 
one of whom married a Christie of Durie. — "Ubiqiie" and A. E. Hamlet in Weekly 
Scotsman, Dec., 1913, and "Rntherfurds of that Ilk." 



549 JOHN SCOTT. 

Asst.-Secy. 1794-1796. 

John Scott was junior member of the firm of Hector & John Scott, of London 
and New York. On April 16, 1793, John came over in the Ship Ellicc from 
London and advertised his return with an assortment of dry goods and that he 
would open a store at 17 Queen Street, corner of the Fly Market. The firm con- 
tinued in business until January 1, 1798, when the partnership expired by limita- 
tion and John's name is not thereafter mentioned. The business was carried on 
by Hector alone, and it is probable that John returned to London, although he may 
have retired to lead a country life in this country as so many of the New York 
merchants of that day did. On March 15, 1803, there appeared in the Daily 
Advertiser a notice of the firm's dissolution in 1798 which was signed by Hector 
for himself and for John, showing that John was not then in New York. One of 
this name married in New York, Mary Thorp, on June 5, 1792. One John 
Scott, of Montgomery, Orange County, died in New York July 21, 1840, and was 
buried in Montgomery. This person was born in 1762. 



1793 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 309 

550 LIEUTENANT JAMES SETON. 

James Seton, son of William Seton, member 1765, was born in New York, 
August 28, 1770. He obtained a conmiission as Ensign in the British army in 
1782, and was then sent to school at Richmond, England. He was appointed to 
the 74th Regiment, then at Halifax in command of Col. John Campbell. After a 
few years he returned to New York and enjoyed himself in society where he was 
very much liked, being remarkably handsome and intelligent. He became Lieu- 
tenant in 1794. For many years he was a half-pay officer but finally resigned from 
the service, renounced his allegiance and became a citizen of the United States. 
Archbishop Robert Seton (member 1895) in his work An Old Family, or The 
Sctons of Scotland and America, from which the above is taken, is not very clear 
in his dates. In 1791 James Vvas with his brother at 12 Hanover Square. In 1792 
he became a partner in the firm of Hoffman & Seton, vendue and commission 
merchants, at 67 Wall Street. The senior member of the firm was Martin Hoff- 
man whose sister, Alary Gillcu, James Seton married. Mr. Seton was a member 
of the Belvidere Club which came into existence about 1798 and which was termed 
a "hilarious association.'" It was strong on the promulgation of popular rights and 
in vindication of Democratic principles. In 1806, while the firm still carried on their 
own particular business, James Seton & Co., a separate firm, acted as insurance 
brokers. Each firm was partner in the other firm's business, an arrangement which 
terminated in January, 1806, and each thereafter carried on independently. On 
May 20, 1807, his wife died leaving him with one son and three daughters. In 
1818 the firm of Hoffman & Seton no longer appeared in the directory but James 
Seton & Co., at the same address, 65 Wall Street, continued in business. He was 
then styled wine merchant and auctioneer and continued in those lines at various 
addresses until 1830 when he seems to have retired. The Archbishop states that 
at the beginning of the war of 1812 Seton was offered the rank of Major and a 
position on the stafif of Gen. Van Rensselaer who commanded the New York 
Militia. His portrait appears in the water colour painting of "The Interior of the 
Park Theatre, Nov. 7, 1822." Mr. Seton died July 17, 1832.— Dr. /. IV. Francis; 
An Old Family. 

[Re-elected in 1806] 



551 WILLIAM STEWART. 

William Stewart manufactured and sold all kinds of willow goods but princi- 
pally baskets of every description, so that he was described as a "Basket Maker." 
He began business in 1792 at 20 Murray Street, from there removing in 1797 to 44 
Warren Street, where he remained until 1804. His next stand was 22 Barclay 
Street, removing in 1810 to No. 28 in the same street. At this latter address he re- 
mained until 1819, when he seems to have retired from business to live quietly at 
86 Mott Street, where he died some time between October 29th and December 



310 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1793 

16th, of the year 1828. On 'Februarj' 13, 1809, he married Mrs. Catliarine 
Hopkins and she survived him, together with two sons, William and John, and 
three married daughters, Catharine Debevoise, Hannah McKane and Mary 
Hoghland. 



552 CAMPBELL WILSON. 

Campliell Wilson was junior member of the dry goods firm of Bruce and 
Campbell Wilson of 43 Queen Street, corner of Beekman Street. On November 
16, 1793, Campbell notified the public that he had arrived from London in the 
brig Mary, Captain Hailey, with an elegant assortment of dry goods and would 
immediately open for business. As a speedy means of getting acquainted he joined 
the Society on Saint Andrew's day of that year. During 1795 and 1796 their 
place of business was 89 Wall Street. Their line of trade was not confined to dry 
goods for they advertised corn for sale in lots of 5,000 bushels and flour by the 
hundred barrels. On October 6, 1796, Campbell notified the public that he was 
about to embark for Europe and offered for sale the remainder of the lease of his 
store on Jones' Wharf, and empowered Augustus C. Van Home to wind up 
affairs. In March of the following year, however, he became senior member of the 
firm of Campbell & John Wilson & Co., in Water Street, and advertised wines and 
London porter for sale. 



1794 



553 WILLIAM BRODIE. 

William Brodie was a notary public and conveyancer at 157 Pearl Street 
"opposite Mr. Rivington's." He came apparently from Philadelphia as in his 
notice to the public, through the newspapers, he refers to his many friends there. 
He died October 6, 1795, "an esteemed, useful and respectable member of 
society." — The Press. 



554 GEORGE CAMPBELL. 

Mr. Campbell began the dry goods business at 120 William Street in June 
of 1794 in the store formerly occupied by Alexander Hosack. The firm name was 
George Campbell & Co. In 1796 the firm had changed to Campbell & Stouten- 
burgh and this firm was in turn dissolved on May 1st of 1798. One of this name 
married on August 20, 1794, Janet Hay of Haverstraw. After 1798 no further 
reference to Campbell has been found and his name no longer appeared in the city 
directories. 



1794 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 311 

555 JOHN CAMPBELL. 

John Campbell was born in Scotland in the year 1770. He came to New 
York in 1786 and although only in his seventeenth year was in charge of a gram- 
mar school at 12 Golden Hill Street. In 1788 he removed to 35 Broadway "nearly 
opposite the Burnt Church" (Trinity) and in 1790 to 7 Little Queen Street, "op- 
posite the Scotch Presbyterian Church" where, with other studies, he taught Latin 
and Greek. On January 5, 1793, he married Sarah Guest. In that year he re- 
moved to 1 King Street, and in 1794, while associated with Edward Shepherd, 
removed to 32 Broad Street. From 1794 to 1798 his school and residence seem to 
have been at 4 Pine Street, but in the latter year the school was at 9 Beekman 
Street. In 1795 he was granted by Columbia the honorary degree of A.M. He 
died October 6, 1801, leaving a widow and three small children. In August, 
1802, the widow offered for lease the school and its furniture. The Daily Adver- 
tiser of October 9, 1801, gave a very flattering obituary in which it stated that 
the "unwearied zeal and assiduity which he uniformly displayed .... procured 
him a lilicral and extensive share of public patronage; his philanthropic disposition 
induced him to study the interest and happiness of his fellow citizens." 



556 WILLIAM DICKSON. 

William Dickson, of London and Calcutta, came from Ostend in January, 
1794, apparently for the sole purpose of carrying out the last wishes of a departed 
American friend. Mr. Dickson was a merchant in Calcutta and one Jacob Sarly, 
of New York, being sick was cared for by Mr. Dickson in his own home until his 
death. Mr. Dickson then administered the affairs of Sarly in Calcutta and brought 
with him to New York all accounts, papers, vouchers, etc., no mention being made 
of other valuables. He advertised in the newspapers the above state of facts and 
intimated his willingness to give up everything to any person entitled to receive 
them. He attended the meeting of the Society in February and was elected to 
Honorary membership. In the same year he resided at 199 Greenwich Street, 
corner of Vesey Street, and became a member of the Marine Society. In 1797 
he owned the ship Astres and was engaged in the cotton business. On May 13, 
1798, he married Jennet Maria Helen Compadra "of the East Indies, late from 
England." Notwithstanding the Spanish name the Scottish blood is indicated in 
the Christian name of the lady. In 1799 he was in the dry goods business at 13 
Chatham Row, and advertised for sale property on the highest ground in the City, 
near the New Theatre in Chatham Row, "untouched by the yellow fever of the 
year before." In 1800 he was at 15 Park Place. It must have been about this 
time that his connection with this country ceased. No record of his death has been 
found. 

[Appeared heretofore tinder date of 1819, but found in the recently discovered 

pamphlet of 1796.] 



312 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1794 

557 DAVID HOSACK, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.R.S.E. 

Second Vice-President 1814-1815. 

Dr. Hosack was bom in New York City August 31, 1769, and died there 
December 21, 1835. He was the son of Alexander and Jane (Arden) Hosack, 
his father being a native of Elgin and an artillery officer, who served at the capture 
of Louisburg in 1758, settled in this country after the peace in 1763, engaged in 
business, and became a member of the Society 1785. David received his earlier 
education at the grammar school of Dr. McWhorter in Newark, New Jersey, and 
completed his preparatory education under Dr. Peter Wilson at his school in 
Hackensack. He spent two years in Columbia College and while there he also took 
up the study of medicine under such eminent men as Bayley, Bard, Post, Moore, 
Kissam and Romayne. It is worthy of remark that a majority of these men 
had been educated in Edinburgh. He then entered Princeton from which he 
graduated in 1789. He received his degree of M. D. from the College of Phila- 
delphia in 1791. He began the practice of medicine in Alocandria, Va., but in 1792 
went to Edinburgh, where he remained two years. He was ever wont to look 
upon his sojourn in Edinburgh as the most advantageous of his career, for there 
he enjoyed the instruction and society of Professors Gregory, Duncan, Beattie, 
and other professional and literary men of that seat of learning. He then went 
to London and continued his studies under such men as Marshall, Pearson of 
St. George's, Earle and Abernethy of St. Bartholomew's, Curtis of Brompton 
Garden and Smith, President of the Linnsean Society. Returning to New York 
in 1794 he brought with him a collection of minerals and plants. Soon after 
he was appointed professor of Botany in Columbia, and while thus engaged he 
founded the Elgin Botanical Garden in 1801, using it for the instruction of his 
pupils. The selection of the name indicated a love for and a pride in the home 
of his ancestors, that beautiful old town in the "Laigh o' Moray" with its "Lan- 
thorn of the North" quietly nestling in the haugh by the bonnie banks of the 
Lossie, now a stately ruin still showing evidence of its former grandeur. This 
Botanical garden was the first of its kind in the new world and was the pride of 
the New Yorker of that day. In the winter of 1795-96, Dr. Hosack formed 
a connection with Dr. Bard, who on retiring left to his care an extensive prac- 
tice. During the prevalence of the yellow fever in New York, 1795-98, Dr. 
Hosack won the highest praise from the most eminent among the profession. 
He became professor of Materia Medica and in 1807, when the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons was established, was called upon to preside over the 
departments of Materia Medica and Midwifery. From 1820 to 1828 he was 
President of the New York Historical Society. In 1828 he became connected 
with Rutgers Medical College which had but a short existence, and then he 
retired to his splendid estate at Hyde Park, New York. Dr. Hosack was hon- 
oi:red at home and abroad. He was made a Fellow of the Linnjean Society of 
London. His Alma Mater, Princeton, gave him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 
He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1816 and in the follow- 
year the Royal Society of Edinburgh conferred on him a like distinction. He 



1794 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 313 

was early matle a member of the American Philosophical Society. Philip Hone 
in his diary writes very kindly of him and Dr. Francis says "his life was a triumph 
in services rendered and in honours received," while Dr. Alott described him as 
having "a tall, bulky form, piercing black eyes, and a sonorous voice. No one 
better maintained the dignity of his calling."' The Botanical Gardens comprising 
nearly twenty acres, and extending from what is now Forty-seventh Street to 
Fifty-first Street, and from Fifth Avenue almost to Sixth Avenue, were pur- 
chased from Dr. Hosack by the State of New York and in 1814 the State 
granted the entire property to Columbia College. — .Ipplcton; Francis; Hone; 
Jones' Am. Portrait Gallery; Thachcr's Am. Med. Biog.; et at. 



558 GEORGE JOHNSTON. 

George Johnston was a brother of William Johnston of Kirkcudbright, the 
friend of John Johnston, the 20th President of the Society. In 1794 Mr. 
Johnston was engaged in business in New Orleans and while visiting New York 
received Honorary membership in the Society. In 1796 he settled for a time in 
New York as he then is classed as a Resident member. He fomied the firm of 
George Johnston & Co., doing business at that time at 112 Front Street. In 
1819 he formed a copartnership with Robert Doorman, a son or brother of James 
Doorman who was the head of the firm of Doonnan & Johnston. They carried 
on the business of commission merchants. When he left New Orleans is not 
known. In the course of time he was elected President of the Guardian Insurance 
Company. When he became an old man be had "a caustic temper'' and was 
lame in one leg. He had the misfortune to fall when getting out of an omnibus 
and a wheel passed over his good leg, breaking it in several places. He was in 
consequence confined to his house and became very irascible. "The Old Gen- 
tleman is as crusty as ever," his friend John wrote of him. He died, unmarried, 
at his home 35 Dominick Street, on August 14, 1847, aged 80 years, leaving 
everything he possessed to his friend and kinsman John Johnston. — Mrs. Emily 
de Farcst; The Press. 



5.59 WILLIAM MAXWELL. 

Manager 1803-1804; 1805-1807. 

William Maxwell was a native of Paisley and there is a tradition in the 
family that be owned a brew^ery or distillery there, presumably the latter, as he 
went into that business when he came to this country about 1790. In 1794 he 
had a distillery at the Cross Street, at the Fresh Water Pond between Magazine 
and Mulberry Streets. The firm of William Maxwell & Co., at 219 and 221 
Greenwich Street, of which he was senior member, dissolved and formed a new 
firm. Maxwell & David, the partner being one Thomas David. Here they manu- 



314 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1794 

factured and sold "York Rum, American Geneva and Cordials." In 1798 he 
was still at 221 Greenwich, but in April of that year he offered for sale at the 
Tontine Coffee House a lease for 99 years of two lots on that street. In 1802 
he was engaged in the manufacture of soap, candles, etc., and had moved his 
distillery to 29 Ferry Street. In 1803 he became a member of the Dumfries and 
Galloway Society. In 1804 he gave up his distillery in Ferry Street and offered 
the premises for rent. In 1806 his distilling business and tallow chandlery seem 
to have been all together in Robinson Street and on Febniary 17 of that year 
his soap factory, distillery and four other buildings were destroyed by fire. In 
1809 he went to Baltimore, and in that year his membership in the Dumfries 
and Galloway Society became honorary or non-resident. From that time until 
his death nothing has been learned concerning him. Mr. Maxwell died of apo- 
plexy December 13, 1837, aged 78 years. Mr. Maxwell's son, Hugh Maxwell, 
became 22nd President of the Society. Mr. Morrison in his biography of Hugh 
Maxwell states that "The Maxwells formed a powerful border family . 
and at one time claimed to be the Earls of Nitltsdale, having obtained the title for 
adherence to the cause of the Stuarts in iyi6." This is not history. William 
Maxwell, Vth Earl of Nithsdale, who was "out in the Fifteen," was condemned to 
death in 1716 along with Derwentwater and Kenmure, and his romantic escape 
from the Tower is well known to every Scotsman. His title was forfeited and 
he died in Rome in exile. No evidence that this family of Maxwell was in any 
way connected with the Earls of Nithsdale has as yet been produced. 



560 WILLIAM RENWICK. 

William Renwick was the son of James Renwick (1744-1803) member 
1784, a native of Lochmaben, and his wife Catharine Mee. William was probably 
born in Liverpool or Manchester in the year 1769 and no doubt came out to this 
country with his parents in 1783. It is said that in 1791 he was a merchant in 
Liverpool, and was probably there representing his father's New York firm. In 
1794 he took the most important step of his life, one which gave him surety from 
posterity's forgetfulness. He married Jean Jeffrey, daughter of the Rev. Dr. 
Andrew Jeffrey of Lochmaben, the "Blue Eyed Lassie" of Burns, and commem- 
orated by him in the song "I gaed a waefu gate yestreen," and in yet another, 
not so well known, but on which Mrs. Renwick set greater store, beginning 
"When first I saw my Jeanie's face" and concluding with the following lines: 

"But gang she East or gang she West 
'Twixt Forth and Tweed all over, 
While men have eyes, or ears, or taste 
She'll always find a lover." 

After marriage they came out to New York and William became a partner 
in his father's firm under the name of Renwick, Son & Hudswell. In 1796 he 



1794 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 315 

formed a copartnership with Benjamin Gray of Liverpool under the firm name of 
Renwick & Gray at 67 Maiden Lane and later at 127 Pearl Street. In 1801 this 
partnership was dissolved. Mr. Renwick and his wife entered into the social 
life of the city and while the husband became prominent as a merchant their 
social standing was much indebted to the charming personality of the wife he 
had chosen. Mr. Renwick died at their home, No. 18 Cortlandt Street, Novem- 
ber 8, 1808, in his 40th year. Mrs. Renwick spent nearly three score years in 
this city and her home in Barclay Street was a cherished resort of Washington 
Irving, James K. Paulding and Henry Brevoort, Irving humourously calling it his 
"Ark."' Mrs. Renwick was to the last a great admirer of her early friend, and 
her recollection of Burns is well worth quoting, — "Poor, poor Burns, how often 
have I seen him in the cold winter's night, when he had been riding for hours 
over the moors and mosses after smugglers, open our little parlour door and 
walk in, with his great lionskin coat and fur cap covered with snow and his fine 
Newfoundland dog, Thurton. at his side, looking stern and dour as if at war 
with all the world ; with what kindness he was welcomed by my dear parents, 
while my sister and self seated him in my mother's easy chair, brought dry 
slippers, and prepared for him a warm, comfortable cup of tea ; then seating our- 
selves on our low creepies at his feet watch his countenance brighten up into 
almost more than mortal beauty and intelligence, and listen to his inspired words, 
every one of which was absolute poetry. There is no event of my happy early 
days that I look back upon with such pride as having sat at the feet of such 
a man." 



561 JOHN SMITH. 

John Smith was a native of Forres. In 1791 he began business as a dry 
goods merchant at 140 William Street where he remained many years. His name 
appeared in the directory of 1818 for the last time. There is no will on record 
in the Surrogate's office, and the date of his death has not been ascertained. He 
married General William Malcom's eldest daughter, Mrs. Agnes Wetzell, on 
December 28, 179.3, she being then a widow. This was coincident with the date 
of Smith's membership. In later years Mrs. Smith became a recipient of the 
Society's bounty. 



562 PETER STEVENSON. 

It is difficult at this late day to determine who or what this man was. In 
1793 he was located "opposite Bayards Lane" and 1797 in the Bowery Lane. 
At a later date one of this name was a tavern keeper who may probaI)ly be the 
same individual. He left no will on record in New York nor did he leave any 
estate on which letters of administration would be granted had he died intestate 
in New York. 



316 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1794 

563 REV. JOHN URQUHART. 

John Urquhart was head master of the Newark Academy in 1793. He 
entered Kings College, Aberdeen, in 1777, being then designated "Rossiensis" 
(native of Rossshire). He graduated M. A., at Marischal College, Aberdeen, 
in 1782. The trustees of Newark Academy in their advertisement described him 
as "a gentleman of character and abilities." On May 22, 1797, in St. Paul's 
Church, in New York, Holy Orders were conferred upon him by the Right Rev- 
erend Bishop Provoost. In 1809 he entered upon his duties as minister of the 
joint churches of Peekskill and Philipston in the parish of Cortlandt, New York, 
and remained there until 1814. His career has not been traced further. In the 
year 1814 the Society assisted the wife of one John Urquhart to go to her hus- 
band in Virginia with her six children. In 1817 she was back in New York, and 
in the year following received the full annual widow's portion, although it is not 
stated that she was a widow. Whether or not this was the widow or wife of our 
member cannot now be determined. — P. J. Anderson of Aberdeen University; 
The Press; managers' Accounts. 



564 CHARLES WHITLAW. 

Charles Whitlaw came to New York in 1794 and, as he himself has stated 
in a pamphlet published in 1839, joined this Society and the Caledonian Society 
at that time. His name appears on our Records under the year 1812, and as 
Honorary, of London, indicating that he had at that date left New York and 
severed his connection with the Society. I find by the newspapers, however, that 
he was a member of the Standing Committee in 1813, and again in 1816, so that 
he was a resident member up to the latter year at least. In the pamphlet he pays 
the Society the following tribute: "I found that the great bulk of both societies 
had raised themselves by their own industry to the high rank they then and now 
(1839) hold. I found them of the highest moral integrity; they then thought 
honesty the best policy, and most rigidly adhered to her dictates," and, on the 
authority of Governor Clinton, he stated "that the State of New York was more 
indebted to Scotsmen for her greatness than to all other nations put together." 
The earliest reference to Charles Whitlaw was his marriage on December 28, 
1801, to Elizabeth Adger or Edgar, and the newspapers, evidently copying from a 
badly written notice, call him "Whittow," and "Whillow." In the pamphlet 
noticed above he styles himself as "of the working class." In 1807 appeared in 
the newspapers for the first time the notice that he carried on a Nursery "at Kip's 
Bay beyond the 3 milestone on the middle road," where he raised for sale, seeds, 
flowers, shrubs and trees of all kinds. In 1809 he began a series of experiments 
to determine the best method of preserving vegetables. He also discovered a 
method of packing beef in tins and prepared soup in the same way. On the solici- 
tation of President Madison and Governor DeWitt Clinton he traveled the country 
from 1815 to 1819 giving lectures to the farmers' sons and daughters on botany, 



1794 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 317 

horticulture and agriculture. In 1816 he gave a lecture to the ladies of New 
York on the Temple of Flora and the Physiology of Botany, which he illustrated 
by transparencies 120 yards long and 4 feet high. In the same year he became a 
member of the Philadelphia Saint Andrew's Society. About 1820 he went to 
London and there he established what he called a Medical and Botanical Insti- 
tution. One of its appurtenances was a Patent Medicated Vapour Bath for the 
cure of scrofula and kindred diseases. In 1834 he established similar baths in 
New York, one at 280 Broadway and another at 305 East Broadway, and 
announced that he would attend each daily until he embarked for England. He 
also offered the patent rights for sale. He traveled over England a good deal, 
lecturing principally on agriculture and the proper treatment of land. He enlisted 
many prominent people in his work, and had the jjatronage of the Duke of York. 
He corresponded with such men as Sir John Sinclair, the noted agriculturist. 
He wrote several pamphlets on medical and botanical subjects. So far as has 
been ascertained no sketch of the career of this versatile Scot has been written, 
and the date of his death has not been ascertained. 



565 BRUCE WILSON. 

Bruce Wilson was senior member of the firm of Bruce Sc Campbell Wilson 
which began business here in 1793 and continued until 1796. After that date both 
the firm and the individual members thereof disappeared, no subsequent traces 
of either having been found. 



1795 



566 ADAM ANDERSON, M. D. 

Dr. Adam Anderson was surgeon to the St. Ann's Regiment of Foot Militia 
of Jamaica from 1786 to 1796. He was Assistant Judge of St. Ann from 1794 to 
1813. In 1807 his son Samuel came to New York to get a business education and 
died here of typhus fever December 27, 1809, at the age of 21 years. In 1815 
Adam and John Anderson owned Huntly in St. Ann with 92 slaves and 195 
head of stock. The name of their plantation may possibly indicate the "airt" 
whence Dr. Anderson came. — Frank Cundall, scc'y. of ilic Institute of Jamaica, 

and the Press. 

[Appeared heretofore under date of 1800.] 



318 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1795 

567 DIVIE BETHUNE. 

Manager 1796-1797. 

Divie Bethune is said to have been born in Dingwall in 1771, and all accounts 
agree in that he was born in Rossshire. In early life he resided in Tobago where 
his only brother was a physician. Bethune settled in New York in 1792 and in 
1795 was of the firm of Vanden Eden & Bethune, wholesale grocers, at 90 Mur- 
ray's Wharf. He was next associated with John Knox, as Knox & Bethune, at 
11 Liberty Street, but his partnership expired August 1, 1798. He then formed a 
copartnership with Andrew Smith, under the firm name of Bethune & Smith, 
which continued until August 1, 1803, when Smith left this part of the country. 
The firm also acted as insurance brokers, while the regular business became a 
miscellaneous one, not being confined to groceries alone but embracing dry goods, 
hardware and even sailcloth. In 1798 Bethune became Treasurer of the New 
York Missionary Society. In 1804 he removed to 92 Wall Street where he seems 
to have carried on business on his own account. On July 1, 1795, he married 
Joanna, daughter of Isabella Graham (1742-1814; a native uf Lanarkshire and 
widow of Dr. John Graham, surgeon of the 60th, Royal American, regiment, 
who died in Antigua in 1774. After Dr. Graham's death Mrs. Graham engaged 
in philanthropic work, and was the originator of the Penny Bank in Edinburgh 
started for the benefit of the poor, out of which grew the Society for the relief of 
the Destitute Sick. Mrs. Graham in 1789, at the solicitation of Dr. John Wither- 
spoon and others, came out to America, and engaged in philanthropic work in 
which her daughter bore a share. Mrs. Graham had a great influence on Mr. 
Bethune and he, having become a prosperous merchant and probably having a 
consequent leisure, entered whole-heartedly into the spirit of the work in which 
his wife and mother-in-law were engaged. With them he helpd to organize the 
New York Orphan Asylum, the Society for the Relief of Poor Widows and Small 
Children and engaged in other beneficent and charitable work. I\Irs. Graham 
was known as the Mother of Sabbath Schools in America. Before a Tract Society 
was formed in this country Mr. Bethune printed ten thousand tracts at his own 
expense and himself distributed them. He also imported Bibles for distribution. 
From 1803 to 1816 he was at the sole expense of one or more Sunday Schools. 
He was quite active in Scottish matters and there can be no doubt that the fire- 
side of Divie Bethune was reminiscent of Scotland, and that he and his wife 
were deeply imbued with Scottish song and sentiment. In witness of this one 
needs only refer to the tribute paid by their son, the Rev. Dr. George Washing- 
ton Bethune, Presbyterian Minister in Brooklyn, in that beautiful song, "The 
Auld Scotch Sangs," so dear to many Scottish hearts. 

Oh ! sing to me the auld Scotch sangs 

In the braid auld Scottish tongue; 
The sangs my father liked to hear, 

The sangs my mither sang 



1795 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 319 

When she sat beside my cradle, 

Or crooned me on her knee, 
An" I wadna sleep, she sang sae sweet 

The auld Scotch sangs to me. 

Divie Bethune passed away, at his home 71 Murray Street, on September 
18, 1824. ISesides his son George he left two daughters, Isabella Graham, who 
married the Rev. George Duffield of Carlisle, Pa., and Jessie Graham, who 
married the Rev. Robert McCartee of Philadelphia, both in the year 1817. — 
Am. Biog. Diet.; N. Y. Observer; Boston Reeordcr; the Press. 



568 DAVID BRIGGS. 

On November 1, 1794, David Briggs entered into partnership with John 
Knox under the firm name of Knox & Briggs, and engaged in the hardware and 
grocery business. In 1797 Briggs formed the copartnership of Briggs & Hunt, 
grocers, at 143 Fly Market. From and after 1799 the name disappeared from 
the City directories, until 1816, when one of this name was a merchant at 161 
Pearl Street. On June 17, 1817, this latter married Mrs. Targee, widow of 
John Tarjiee. This David Briggs became a member of the Brick Church in 
June, 1816, but remained only a short time. 



569 CAPTAIN JAMES DRUMMOND. 

In 1794 Captain Drummond and his crew of the ship Lydia from Liverpool, 
Nova Scotia, were rescued and carried into New York. In 1796 he became a 
member of the Marine Society. On August 1, 1797, he was master of the ship 
Favourite, carrying passengers and freight, and on that voyage brought out a 
complete set of bells and an elegant clock for Trinity Church. He married and 
became domiciled in New York. He died suddenly in April, 1801, at Nassau, 
New Providence, on board the brig Georgia Paekct, leaving a young widow. 
The New York Gazette states that he was an "honest and highly respected young 
man." David Auchinvole, a fellow member, was his executor. 



570 JOHN HERVEY. 

John Hervey was the son of Capt. William Hervcy (pronounced Harvey) 
and was associated in 1793 with his father in business under the firm name of 
William & John Hervey at No. 4 William Street. They dealt in dry goods, 
sheepskins, parchment, paper hangings, playing cards, etc. The father William 
went to sea while John attended to the business in New York. Capt. William of 



320 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1795 

the ship Ellicc, with passengers and freight for London, was boarded in October, 
1793, while at anchor oflf Sandy Hook Lighthouse, by the French Admiral and 
the Captain was taken on board the Admiral's ship and subjected to harsh treat- 
ment on the ground that he had Frenchmen aboard his ship. When released 
Capt. Hervey made a vigourous protest in a letter to the Daily Advertiser. In 
the autumn of 1796 John died and the business was carried on under the same 
name until 1801 when the firm became insolvent. Captain Hervey had another 
son, William, Jun., who married Catharine Clopper. In 1812 and 1813 the 
Captain was living in, or kept a boarding house, while from that date his name 
disappeared from the directory. From 1813 to 1818 the name of Widow Cath- 
arine appeared, showing that young William had died prior to 1813. 



571 JOHN MUNRO. 

Assistant-Secretary 1796-1799. 

John Munro carried on a commission business on Jones' Wharf while he 
also conducted an insurance office at 97 Greenwich Street, where he resided. 
Each business was kept separate and distinct. On October 17, 1796, he married 
Olivia, daughter of Rev. Azel Roe of Woodbridge, New Jersey, and in the same 
year he took his brother-in-law, Isaac F. Roe, as a partner in the commission 
business, the firm becoming Munro & Roe. On March 1, 1798, this partnership 
was dissolved, John continuing the business alone on Jones' Wharf while taking 
another partner, David Gordon, into his insurance business, this firm becoming 
Munro & Gordon. In 1802 the firm removed to 187 Pearl Street. Mr. Munro 
died October 6, 1802, at his home in the country, "at the Bowery Common," from 
an attack of "bilious cholic" and after twenty-four hours' illness. The Evening 
Post, in its obituary, eulogizes him as follows, "as a merchant, respectable for 
his integrity and knowledge of business ; and as a private citizen highly valued 
for the eminent degree in which he possessed and received the social virtues." 
He left a widow, Olivia, and several small children. 



1796 



572 JAMES BISSET. 

James Bisset was a merchant tailor who did business at 160 Pearl Street until 
1801, when he became a bankrupt. His widow applied for and received assistance 
from the Managers in 1803. 



1796 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 321 

573 LEWIS FARQUHARSON. 

Lewis Farquharson was in the grocery business for a few years in Cortlandt 
Street. In 1797 he occupied a house near Greenwich (village) not two miles 
from New York commanding a beautiful prospect of the North River. This 
property formerly belonged to Captain Robert Elder, our member. About the 
year 1800 Farquharson went to Schenectady, New York, and there successfully 
carried on the manufacture of tobacco. His property consisted of two lots on 
one of which was his dwelling and on the other his factory. He employed 20 
presses at work and his patent snuff mill was run by the power of two horses. 
In the New York Gazette of April 12, 1813, appeared the notice that as he 
intended to remove to Europe his property on Main Street, Schenectady, and his 
business were for sale at a bargain. He was evidently in a hurry to get back 
to his native country, on account of the war then going on. The property was 
transferred to Richard Cooke and on March 1, 1815, was by him offered for sale. 
As this was on the declaration of peace it looks somewhat as if the transfer to 
Cooke was made in a friendly way in order to avoid possible confiscation. 
Whether or not Farquharson returned to this country is not known. 



574 ARCHIBALD GRACIE. 

2nd Vice-Pres. 1799-1801 ; 17th President 1818-1823. 

This distinguished merchant was born at Dumfries on the 25th of June, 
1755. He received his mercantile education in a counting house in Liverpool. 
Mr. Gracie sailed for New York on the 27th of April, 1784, and soon after his 
arrival married Miss Esther Rogers, daughter of Samuel Rogers of Norwalk, 
Conn., and a sister of Moses Rogers of New York. He established himself first 
in Petersburgh, Virginia, where in the year 1796 he was ranked among our first 
merchants. The geographical position of New York did not escape his fore- 
sight, for he early pronounced its destiny to be the commercial emporium of the 
Western World, and selected that port for the home of his mercantile operations, 
as well as permanently made it his residence. Here riches flowed in, and honour 
and usefulness were his reward for a long term of years. Endowed with rare 
sagacity and sound sense, to which he added great experience, his commercial 
enterprises were laid with judgment and executed with zeal. His house flag was 
known in most of the ports of the Mediterranean and the Baltic seas, of the, 
Peninsula, of Great Britain and China and his name was synonymous with credit, 
probity and honour. The Spanish government entrusted to him at one time theif 
bills of exchange, drawn on Vera Cruz, to the extent of ten millions of dollars. 
These bills were brought in a French frigate to New York in 1806, and Mr. 
Isaac Bell, who had charge of them, was upset in a boat, and a reward of two 
hundred dollars was offered to the finder of the trunk which contained them. It 
was picked up a fortnight later at Deal Beach near Long Branch, New Jersey. 



322 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1796 

The bills were dried and collected in specie by Mr. Gracie and two other distin- 
guished merchants — Mr. Oliver of Baltimore, and Mr. Craig of Philadelphia. 
But a season of reverses came. Embarrassed by the capture of ships and car- 
goes by France, under the Berlin and Milan decrees of Napoleon, and by the 
failure of foreign correspondents and domestic debtors — disaster upon disaster 
befalling the commercial community — his mass of wealth, accumulated by a long 
life of enterprise and industry, was entirely swept away in the common ruin — a 
sad verification of the proverb "Riches take to themselves wings and fly away." 
But he never boasted of them, nor trusted in their continuance. Public confi- 
dence had often been manifested toward him by appointments to places of trust ; 
and now his friends, whose esteem he never lost nor forfeited, sought to secure 
a continuance of his usefulness, and an asylum for his declining years, in the 
presidency of an insurance company, created for these purposes. But the effect 
of the blast which had prostrated him was not yet over for here again adversity 
crossed his path, and the hazards of the ocean proved ruinous to the affairs of 
the company. Benevolence and beneficence were the shining characteristics of 
Mr. Gracie. His dwelling was long the mansion of elegant, unostentatious hos- 
pitality, and his door never closed against the poor. Washington Irving, in writ- 
ing of the family, says "it is a charming warm hearted family, and the old gentle- 
man has the soul of a prince.'' Oliver Wolcott said of him, "he was one of the 
excellent of the earth, actively liberal, intelligent, seeking and rejoicing in occa- 
sions to do good." It is no slight testimonial to his standing and worth, that he 
reciprocated honour in a long and confidential intimacy with Alexander Hamil- 
ton and Gouverneur Morris. Mr. Gracie died on the 12th of April, 1829, in the 
seventy- fourth year of his age. — Applcton's Cyclopedia of Commcrcml and Busi- 
ness Anecdotes; Morrison's Hist.; Iriing; Wolcott. 



575 BENJAMIN GRAY. 

Benjamin Gray was the tenth son of James Gray, farmer in the Parish of 
Calder, Lanarkshire, and was born there in 1762. He entered Glasgow Uni- 
versity in 1775 and after leaving there became a merchant in Manchester and in 
1796 a partner in the firm of Renwick & Gray of New York. In 1798 he was 
resident in New York but it is believed only temporarily. On March 30, 1801, the 
partnership was dissolved and the published notice stated that "Mr. Gray was 
then in Europe." He carried on his business in Manchester and died at Seedley, 
near that city, November 14, 1846, aged 84 years. — Glasgow Univ. Mat. Alb.; 
The Press. 



576 ROBERT LINDSAY. 

Robert Lindsay was at one time a resident of Charleston, South Carolina, 
and engaged in business there. In January, 1774. the Soutli Carolina Gacctte 



1796 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 323 

notes the fact that he liad returned from London, where he probably had gone 
to purchase goods. When the troubles began Lindsay supported the Government 
and became a marked man. He fled to New York about 1780 and was one of 
those who signed the address to Sir llcnr)- Clinton that year and also signed a 
petition praying to be armed in defence of the Crown. In 1782 he was outlawed 
by South Carolina and his property confiscated. At the peace he went to Eng- 
land and later returned to New York and thence to Charleston, probably with a 
view to recover some of his property. He died in England in 1803. His eldest 
daughter, Jane Diana Sarsfield, married James Rose, a planter of Kingston, 
Jamaica, July 7, 1825. — Sabi>ic; the Press. 



577 SIR ROBERT LISTON, LL.D. 

Sir Robert was the second son of Patrick Listen of Torbanehill, West 
Lothian, and was born at Overtoun, Parish of Kirkliston, October 8, 1742. He 
studied at Edinburgh University, and later became private tutor to the two sons 
of Sir Gilbert Elliot of Stobo. When Hugh Elliot, one of the pupils, adopted 
the diplomatic career he became his private secretary and accompanied him on 
his mission to Munich, Ratisbon and Berlin. In 1783 he was appointed secre- 
tary to Lord Mountstuart, afterwards the Marquis of Bute, at Madrid. He 
succeeded Mountstuart as Minister Plenipotentiary May 4, 1783. In 1785 he 
was given the degree of LL.D. by Edinburgh University. He filled the following 
posts: Envoy-Extraordinary at Stockholm, 1788-1793; Ambassador-Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at Constantinople, 1793-1796. On February 17, 1796, 
he was appointed Ambassador-Extraordinary and Minister-Plenipotentiary at 
Washington, w'here he remained till the Peace of Amiens. He was then appointed 
Envoy-Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Batavian Republic at the Hague 
till 1804 and for seven years thereafter he went into retirement on a pension. In 
1811, on resumption of relations with Turkey, he was appointed Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Constantinople and remained there till 
1821. He died at Millburn Tower, near Edinburgh, July 15, 1836. He was an 
accomplished linguist in ten languages. At his death he was "the father of the 
diplomatic body throughout Europe." — Diet. Nat. Biog. Sullivan in his letters 
thus describes him "a Scotsman of common size, dark complexion and not distin- 
guished for courtly manners. He wore a wig with curls at the sides and had an 
amiable knowing face." 



578 JOHN MOW ATT, Junior. 

John Mowatt, son of John Mowatt and Jean Ouercau, was born in New 
York City, November 24, 1767. His father, also a member of the Society, was 
a native of Montrose. He married March 14, 1792, Charlotte Rodman. From 
1792 to 1797 Alexander and John, brothers, were in business, first at 28 Queen 



324 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1796 

Street and subsequently at 228-230 Pearl Street, probably the same location, the 
name of the street having changed. From 1798 onward John was in the hardware 
business alone at 230 I'earl Street; in 1807 at 228 Pearl Street and in 1811 at 
217 Pearl Street. He died May 18, 1821, aged 54 years. His sons, the Mowatt 
Brothers, were the first to tow barges to Albany in 1825. His eldest son, John 
Edgar, married February 21, 1824, Martha Grayson and on January 4, 1829. 
passed away at the early age of 33 years. 



579 HECTOR SCOTT. 

Manager 1798-1799. 

Hector Scott was a native of Scotland who came to New York about 1793 
and started a branch of the dry goods house of Hector & John Scott of London, 
under the same firm name, first at 17 Queen Street and in the following year at 
204 Pearl Street. On January 1, 1798, the partnership expired by limitation, 
and Hector continued the business alone at 125 Pearl Street. On May 10, 1799, 
he married Juliet, daughter of Luther Martin, Esq., of Baltimore, Attorney Gen- 
era! of Maryland. In 1800 the ship Apollo, Captain Lee. the cargo of which 
belonged to Scott, was seized by the British and taken to Halifax. In the prize 
court the Attorney General argued that Scott was a British subject who could 
not throw ofif his allegiance, that he was trading with the enemies of his country 
(the French) and therefore was a traitor and his property ought to be confiscated. 
The defence claimed Scott was American. As the vessel was undoubtedly Ameri- 
can it was released but the cargo was retained. What became of it ultimately 
does not appear, but it probably was confiscated as Scott's business seems to have 
declined about this time. His name does not appear in the directory of 1803. 
In 1804 he opened a "Land Office" at 56 Wall Street while his home was in 
Greenwich village. In 1806 he had a land and stock office and the following year 
had become an auctioneer. He formed a copartnership with one McCarty under, 
the firm name of Scott & McCarty which continued until 1811. From 1817 
onward his name no longer appeared in the directories, and as there is no will on 
record in New York he probably left the country on account of the war. 



1797 



580 REV. WILLIAM BEST. 

William Best was a Professor of Languages, an A. B. of Trinity College, 
Dublin, and according to the Columbia Catalogue was entitled to the prefix "Rev- 
erend." Before coming to America Mr. Best taught school in Dublin for sixteen 
years. His last employment there was as principal of an Academy in Bolton 
Street. On leaving for America the Senior and Junior Fellows of Trinity gave 



1797 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 325 

Slim "the most flattering and respectable testimonials of moral and literary char- 
icter." In 1794 he opened a Preparatory School, or Greek and Latin Academy, 
it 17 Beaver Street "nigh the Battery." He was the author of an educational 
work, now very rare, entitled A Coicise System of Logics, In Question and 
Ansiver, which was published in 1796 in New York by our member Samuel 
Campbell. In 1797 the Misses Best, presumably daughters of our member, kept 
1 separate school for young ladies in which they taught English and French. In 
1/98 he received from Columbia College the honorary degree of A. M. In that 
^fear his eldest daughter Ann, married July 4, Stephen Di.xon, Esq., of Petersfield, 
>n the East River. At that time his academy was at 97 Greenwich Street "near 
he Circus." His name does not again appear in the New York directories. He 
s last heard of in October, 18CM-, in Savannah, Ga., where he officiated at a mar- 
riage ceremony, thus showing that he was then a minister in that city. 



v'^l ROBERT HALLIDAY. 

Manager 1814-1815; Second Vice-President 1815-1816; 
First Vice-President 1816-1821; President 1823-1828. 

Robert Halliday, son of Robert Halliday, was born about 1770 in Ayrshire. 
Fie died April 18, 1840, at his residence in New York City in the 71st year of 
lis age. In 1790 Mr. Halliday went to live in Birmingham, England, where he 
-emained six years. Here he laid the foundation of his business training and 
:areer, and after securing a contract to represent two important Birmingham 
;teel manufacturing firms in the United States he sailed for this country in 1796. 
His success was marked from the start and his services proved of such value 
hat William Cairns, of Torr and Shirland near Castle Douglas, the senior part- 
ler of one of the firms, gave him his sister Mary in marriage and later took him 
nto the firm as a partner, the firm becoming Cairns, Frears, Halliday & Car- 
nichael. Joseph Frears, one of the partners, had married Mary Cairns, the aunt 
jf William Cairns, so that the firm was somewhat of a family aflfair. Mr. 
Halliday soon acquired a considerable fortune in business and built himself a fine 
residence bounded by Greenwich, Washington, Banks and Bethune Streets, 
ivhich, before the river front was filled in, had a clear view of the North River 
ind had a private bulkhead, bathhouse, lawns and shrubbery and an office on the 
Dremises where his accounts were kept. In 1807 he became a member of the 
Dumfries and Galloway Society and an Honorary member of the Baltimore Saint 
'Vndrew's Society. Mr. Halliday took an active part in charitable and social 
ifl^airs and was identified with many of the earlier institutions and societies of 
:his city. He is said to have been six feet three inches in height, weighing two 
lundred and forty pounds and to have possessed unusual strength. He took 
^rcat delight in curling and was wont to travel to Montreal to visit his daughter, 
Mrs. Breckanridge, and incidentally play his favourite game on the ice of the St. 



326 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1797 

Lawrence. He appears to have been a man of many accomplishments, playing on 
the violin, well versed in polite literature, and with a wonderful memory for 
Scottish verse which he was wont to quote by the page. He possessed a choice 
library of books. At his death he was a director of the Greenwich Insurance 
Company; President of the Northern Dispensary; Chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of the Presbyterian Church at Greenwich Village and a member of 
the American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews. — Morrison's 
History; Family of Cairncs or Cairns. 



582 JOHN HYSLOP. 

Manager 1803-1818. 

John Hyslop was born in Scotland in the year 1762 and learned there the 
trade of a baker. On coming to New York he established himself at 26 John 
Street, where he conducted the business of a baker for many years. In 1807 
he became a member of the Dumfries and Galloway Society, thereby establish- 
ing the fact that he came from the Borders. That year he became a director 
of the Washington Mutual Assurance Company. For fifteen years he was a 
Manager of the Society and active in its charitable work. He was no doubt 
related to the first Robert Hyslop, who died in 1798, as that gentleman made him 
one of his executors. In 1820 misfortune overtook him and he became insolvent 
and an inmate of the debtors' prison, and his bakehouse, a three-storied fireproof 
building in the rear of 27 John Street, was offered for lease. His wife Jane 
McNeil died April 15, 1824, and he followed her on November 12 of the same 
year. 



583 JOHN MILLEN. 

John Millen was the son nf Ouentin ]\Iillen, member 1791, and may have 
been born in Glasgow or in Edenton, North Carolina. In 1783 he settled in 
Granville, Nova Scotia, where he had gone as a Loyalist refugee. He no doubt 
returned to New York at the same time his father did. He received the appoint- 
ment of Teller in the Branch Bank of the United States and lived in 1797 at 
179 William Street, and in 1804 at 46 Vesey Street. In 1798 he was an Ensign 
in the 5th Regiment of New York Militia. He married one Jane Hosack and 
they had a daughter, Jane Hosack, born February 26, 1804. This daughter 
married November 3, 1824, at New Brunswick. N. J., Henry Augustus Ford of 
Morristown, N. J. Mr. Millen died intestate prior to August 27, 1807, when his 
widow Jane was appointed Administratrix. 

[Appears on Roll as Miller.] 



I 



797 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 327 

;84 RICHARD HUGH MORRIS. 

Mr. Morris was a son of Captain Hugh Morris at the Greenhead of Glas- 
;;ow. In 1796 he began business in New York, principally as a shipping agent 
tnd commission merchant. On June 16, 1797, a marriage license was issued to 
lim and Miss Mary Ford. From 1799 to 1805 his place of business was at 
10 Liberty Street. He was owner, or part owner, of the brig A[oscs Gill, which 
raded between New York and Greenock. In 1804 his brother. Captain John 
VIorris, came to New York and took over the business at 10 Liberty Street, and 
lied in 1807 leaving an only son. Richard again came out from Glasgow to 
lettle up his brother's afifairs and on December 15, 1808, with his nephew, sailed 
■or Falmouth on the British packet Chesterfield. Llis after career can probalily 
)e traced in Glasgow. He had a son Hugh who entered Glasgow University 
n 1818. 



^85 ANDREW SMITH. 

Sometime in the year 1793 Andrew Smith came out from Scotland and 
)pened a school at 60 Maiden Lane and advertised that he would teach Latin. 
[^reek, English and French, and stated that he had for several years taught 
n a parochial scliool in Scotland. He seems to have had an acquaintance with 
Dr. Kemp, or brought letters of introduction to him, as he gives the Doctor as 
■eference. In 1794 he removed to No. 5 Cedar Street, where he remained until 
1806. Columbia gave him the Honorary Degree of A. M. in 1798. He took an 
ictive interest in education and in 1799 was Secretary of the Associated Teach- 
:rs. In 1811 he resided in Greenwich Village. On leaving New York he taught 
;chool somewhere in New Jersey. Associated with him was his nephew James, 
vho had married his daughter Isabella. In the Proceedings of the New Jersey 
ilistorical Society for the year 1884 Andrew Smith and his nephew are men- 
ioned and it is there stated that Andrew was a good scholar and a successful 
eacher. Eventually Andrew located in East Newark, Harrison Township, where 
:e died in 1852, leaving everything to his daughter Isabella, and she died in 
Deceml)er of the same year. This is the lady to whom William Dove, member 
1802, left twenty thousand dollars. 



1798 



=186 ALEXANDER ADAMSON. 

Mr. Adamson arrived in New York in the ship Fanny, Capt. Braine, from 
jreenock in October, 1795. He engaged in the dry goods business at 197 Pearl 
Street. In 1801 he had departed from the City, and on May 13 appeared an 
idvertisement that John MacGregor and James Thomson were Attorneys for 
fMexander Adamson "late of the City of New York." What became of him 
Iocs not appear, but it is fair to assume that he returned to Scotland. 



328 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1798 

587 DAVID AUCHINVOLE. 

Manager 1799-1801. 

David Auchinvole was in the dry goods business in Hanover Square in 1798. 
The following year he purchased the stock of Hay Stevenson, of 141 Pearl Street, 
and married his sister Anna, daughter of Thomas Stevenson, on February 14. 
In 1801 his brother-in-law. Hay, died and he became his administrator. In 
1803, while at 30 Broad Street, he became bankrupt and his goods, consisting 
of earthenware, carpets, musHns, shawls, handkerchiefs, etc., were disposed of. 
He probably made a compromise as he continued in business until 1811 when 
he again became insolvent. When his wife Anna Stevenson died has not been 
noted, but he married secondly Margaret McDonald, a native of Perthshire 
and sister to the Hon. John McDonald of Gananoque, Canada, the first of this 
family to be connected with this Society although indirectly. In later times sev- 
eral members of the Gananoque MacDonalds have become useful and respected 
members of the Society. Mrs. Auchinvole died at Gananoque April 6, 1842, in 
her 61st year. To return to the husband David. In 1813 he established the 
Shuttle Hill pjleachery at Paterson, New Jersey, a tract of seven acres, probably 
the first of its kind in the country. The war had necessitated the establishment 
of new industries, especially those in which they had theretofore been dependent 
upon Great Britain. At the beginning of the following year he offered the 
property for sale stating that he had made engagements which obliged him to 
wind up this business, but without being specific. He showed considerable 
prescience when he stated in his advertisement that "Paterson bids fair to 
become the most extensive manufacturing place in the State if not in the United 
States." It is probable that about this time he removed permanently to Hudson, 
New York, where he engaged in the manufacture of woolens and linens. In 
1822 he came to New York to attend the Cattle Show and Fair and received 
a prize for an exhibit of flannels of a superior quality and diaper linens "quite 
good enough for freemen." The next item is the notice of his death, which 
took place at Hudson, New York, March 4, 1830, when he was supposed to be 
about 66 years of age. His death was caused by apoplexy. He seems to have 
left besides a widow, a son Alexander, and two daughters, Janet and Mary (all 
mentioned in James Stevenson's will), one of whom married John S. McDonald 
of Gananoque. It is probable that Auchinvole came from the town of Dumbar- 
ton, with which place a family of this name was long identified, one David 
Auchenvole being a town councillor there in 1850. 



588 CADWALLADER DAVID GOLDEN. 

Cadwallader David Colden, son of David Golden, was born at Springhill, 
L. I., April 4, 1769. He received his early education partly at home from a 
private tutor, and at a school in Jamaica, not many miles distant from Spring- 
hill. In the spring of 1784 he accompanied his father to England, where he 



1798 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 329 

attended a classical school near London, until the autumn of 1785, when he 
returned to New York. He then commenced the study of law in the office of 
Richard Harrison, but family affairs compelling him to visit the Province of 
New Brunswick, he pursued his legal studies there for some time and completed 
them on his return to New York with Peter Van Schaick at Kinderhook. He 
was admitted an Attorney in January, 1791 ; commenced practice in the City of 
New York for a short period, and then removed to Poughkeepsie where his 
success was so decided as to encourage him to resume his station at the New 
York City bar in 1796. In January, 1798, he was appointed Assistant Attorney 
General for the Southern District, and by his zeal, industry and talent, laid the 
foundation of his subsequent eminence as a lawyer. In a few years his intense 
application to business impaired his health and seriously alarmed his friends, 
who induced him in the spring of 1803 to visit France, where (and in other parts 
of the Continent) he si>ent eighteen months. Returning with restored health 
and constitution invigorated, he found no difficulty in recovering and rapidly 
extending his business, and in a few years he stood, as a commercial lawyer, at 
the head of the profession, while in every other respect he was ranked among 
the first. He was appointed District Attorney in February, 1810, and served 
one year. In the war of 1812, having been commissioned Colonel of a Regiment 
of Volunteers by Governor Tompkins, he left his large and lucrative practice to 
attend to military duties, contributing his aid efficiently in the erection of the 
fortifications, which were then deemed necessary for the defence of the City 
of New York. He was elected a member of the Assembly in 1818 and in the 
same year succeeded Jacob Radcliff as Mayor of the city, presiding in the 
Municipal Court with marked ability, dignity and impartiality, and fully sustain- 
ing the high reputation which that Court had obtained. In 1822 he was elected 
to Congress, and in 1824 to the Senate of his own State, which he served during 
the sessions of 1825-26 and 1827. The education of youth was with him a 
favourite object, and the public schools of New York ranked him among the 
most active and efficient of their founders and patrons. He was Governor of 
New York Hospital from 1812 to 1827, and one of the earliest and most zealous 
promoters of the system of internal improvement in this State. In 1827 he 
devoted much time to superintending the construction of the Morris Canal, con- 
necting the waters of the Delaware River with the bay of New York. He pre- 
pared an elaborate memoir on the completion of the Erie Canal, published by 
the Common Council of New York, and wrote the life of his friend, Robert 
Fulton, which was his chief literary production. In the latter years of his life he 
contemplated the publication of the writings of his grandfather, Lieut. -Governor 
Colden, with a memoir of his life, from original papers in his possession, but 
he made only partial advances in this undertaking. He was ever solicitous to 
afford encouragement to the younger members of his profession, and to genius in 
the Arts and Sciences ; to such, he liberally imparted his counsels and his hospi- 
talities, and even when requisite, pecuniary aid, while no advocate at the bar 
was more prompt to lend his professional services, without reward, in defence 
of the poor and unfortunate. A mural tablet in Grace Church, New York City, 



330 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1798 

bears testimony to his honourable and useful career. He married April 8, 1793, 
Maria, daughter of Rev. Samuel Provoost, D. D., and Maria, his wife, daughter 
of Benjamin Bousfield, Esq., of Lake Lands, near Cork, Ireland. He died in 
Jersey City, N. J., February 7, 1834; his wife died May 10, 1837.— A^. Y. Gen. & 
Biog. Rcc, Vol. iv., p. 179; ct al. 



589 ALEXANDER SUTHERLAND GLASS 

Assistant Secretary 1799-1803; Secretary 1803-1816. 
Manager 1816-1821; Second Vice-Pres. 1821-1823. 

Alexander Sutherland Glass was a son of John and Ann (McKay) Glass 
of Tain, and was probably born in Scotland. His father must have died prior to 
1774, and his mother, acting under a diploma from the College of Physicians 
in Edinburgh, practiced the profession of midwifery. In 1775 she married sec- 
ondly Alexander McLean, surgeon in the British Army, who died at Fredericks- 
burg, N. Y., in 1780. In 1793 Mr. Glass was located at Nassau Street, corner 
of Beekman Street. In 1800 he was of the firm of Grififen & Glass, auctioneers, 
and in 1808 of the firm of Hoffman & Glass. This was Martin Hof?man, former 
partner of James Seton. In 1819 the firm took in as partners Lindley M. Hoff- 
man, William and Robert J. Gerard, and became Hofifman, Glass & Co. In 
1823 that firm dissolved, the HolTmans retiring and the remaining partners 
became known as A. S. Glass & Gerards. Mr. Glass was a man of some standing 
in the city, became an honorary member of the Marine Society and was Master 
of Holland Lodge, F. & A. M., on two occasions, and in 1824 was a director of 
the Globe Insurance Company. He had a sister, Christina, who married William 
Gerard (member 1810) but he himself never married. He was a very active 
member of the Society, filling the offices from Assistant Secretary up to Second. 
Vice-President. In 1827, his health becoming impaired, he went to the West 
Indies in the hope of restoring it. At the banquet on Saint Andrew's Day that 
year, Air. Lang proposed the toast "Our Absent Friend, Alexander S. Glass, 
Esq. May a winter's residence in a genial climate restore his health, and favour- 
ing breezes waft him in safety to the bosom of his family and to us." This 
kindly wish was of no avail. Mr. Glass died at St. Croix, February 13, 1828. He 
was buried in the family vault in the First Presbyterian Church of Wall Street. 
The Evening Post states that he was highly respected for his mild and courteous 
demeanour, great benevolence and steadfast integrity. His half brother. Dr. 
Hugh McLean, also a member of the Society, was a well known figure in New 
York in his day. On Saint Andrew's Day, 1829, Mr. Lang again proposed a 
toast to his memory. 



590 JOPIN McDOUGALL LAURANCE. 

Mr. Laurance was a son of Judge Advocate General John Laurance and 
only grandson of General Alexander McDougall. He was born December 13. 



798 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 331 

775. On February 8, 1790, he was entered as Counsellor before the United 
states Supreme Court and had an office at 53 Wall Street. He was the first 
lereditary member admitted by tlie New York State Society of the Cincinnati, 
n 1794 he was Judge of the New York District Court. In 1800 he 
vas associated with Abraham M. Walton in the law business at 50 Wall Street. 
ic owned a tract of land in the neighbourhood of Clayton at French Creek, Jef- 
erson County, N. Y'., where he had gone a day or two previous to his death for 
he purpose of transacting some business with his agent. He was found in his 
oom, sitting at the table with his pen in his hand, where he had been engaged in 
writing, and apparently had expired without a struggle May 22, 1835. 



91 WILLIAM MAITLAND. 

William Maitland, eighth son of David Maitland of Barcaple, and Mary Cur- 
ie his wife, was born October 31, 1770. He came to New York and became a 
lember of the firm of James Lenox & WiUiam Maitland, large importers and 
xporters in their day. Scoville says he was of the firm of Seton, Maitland & 
^o., which may be true, although that firm was of an earlier date. His name 
oes not a]5pear in the New York directories prior tO' 1798. While in New York 
c made his home for many years at 29 Greenwich Street. In 1815 the firm 
(■as dissolved and succeeded by Lenox, Maitland & Co., the new members being 
J-obert Maitland and David Sproat Kennedy. William Maitland returned to 
Jver{X)ol, and on his own account carried on the business of the former firm, 
le married in 1813 Sarah Matilda, youngest daughter of James Douglas of 
)rchardton, Ijrother of Sir William Douglas of Castle Douglas and Gelston 
lastle a member of the society. This lady fell heiress to Gelston Castle and 
here Mr. Maitland died August 5th, 1842. In the notice of his death he was 
tyled "of Auchlane." His widow Sarah died October 15, 1852, aged fifty-two 
ears. The only issue of the union was a daughter, Matilda Elizabeth. 



92 SAMUEL BAYARD MALCOM. 

Secretary 1799-1803. 

Mr. Malcom was the son of General William Malcom and Sarah Ayscough 
lis wife. He was born in New York City in the year 1776, graduated from 
Columbia in 1794, and thereafter studied law. For a time he practiced his pro- 
ession and later became private Secretary to President John Adams. He was 
f a literary turn of mind and wrote several books. He married in 1802 
Catharine \'an Rensselaer, daughter of General Philip Schuyler of Albany, 
'rom Samuel Bayard of New York, an uncle on his mother's side, after whom 
e was named, he inherited a handsome fortune. His principal occupation was 
he looking after his wife's property in Cosby's Manor, and other sections of the 



332 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1798 

State. His residence was on Genesee Street, Utica, New York. He became a 
member of the Saint Andrew's Society of Albany, N. Y., at its organization in 
1803 and withdrew therefrom in 1808. He died at Stillwater, New York, No- 
vember 29, 1815. His widow took as her second husband Major James Cochran, 
son of Dr. John Cochran, Surgeon-General of the Revolutionary army, and 
moved to Oswego in the year 1825, clearing the forest for the home which she oc- 
cupied for thirty-three years, honoured, beloved and respected. She died at 
Oswego, August 26, 1857, in the 77th year of her age. At the time of her 
death she was post-mistress of Oswego. — A God-child of Washington; Cornr- 
mcrcial Advertiser; Hist, of Utica. 



393 JOHN TURNBULL. 

William Turnbull, in his advertisement in the Aliiicrz'a of August 7, 1797, 
notified the public that he was "declining"' business and that his brothers John 
and Richard would succeed him at 90 William Street. John was the eldest son 
of Hector of Perthshire and nephew of Col. George Turnbull, member 1757. 
Before coming to America he married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Sandeman 
of Luncarty by his wife Ann, daughter of the Rev. John Glas, founder of the 
Glasites. From 1799 to 1804 Turnbull carried on the business alone at the same 
address. Thereafter his name disappears from the directories and on Septem- 
ber 1, 1806, Letters of Administration on his estate were granted to his fellow 
member, James Scott, showing that he must have died very shortly prior to that 
date. In Valentine's Manual for 1864 appears a facsimile of Turnbull's signa- 
ture dated 1791. — Burke's Family Records; de Peyster MSS.; the Press. 



1799 



594 WILLIAM BLACKSTOCK. 

Mr. Blackstock was a dry goods merchant in New York and later in Bos- 
ton. On August 18, 1801, he married in Boston, Eliza Maxwell, daughter of 
James Maxwell of that City. At that time he was a member of the firm of James 
Blackstock & Co., of Manchester, England, and of William Blackstock & Co., of 
188 Pearl Street, Ne\v York. They dealt in laces, edgings, upholstery, etc. This 
partnership was dissolved April 20, 1803. He was in New York in 1806, as his 
daughter, Jane Sisson, was baptized by Dr. Miller of the Collegiate Presbyterian 
Church. In February of that year he offered to let 79 Maiden Lane, where he 
was then located, as suitable for a retail business. It is probable he was about 
to move to Boston. On October 10, 1827, his eldest daughter, Mary, was mar- 
ried in Boston to Thomas Dike Shumway, merchant tailor, Brooklyn, one of the 
Boston Shumways. Mr. Blackstock then went to Providence, Rhode Island, 



799 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 333 

ind while there another daughter, Jane Sisson, married Samuel Topliff, Pro- 
jrictor of the Merchants Hall News Room, Boston. Mr. Blackstock soon re- 
urned to that city and his residence there in 1834, 1835 and 1836 is given 
■espectively as 2 Newton Place, 47 High Street and 62 High Street. He died 
n Boston December 4, 1836, aged 61 years, leaving his widow, Elizabeth, four 
lOns, George W., James Maxwell, Francis G. and William, and so far as known 
wo daughters whose marriages are noted above. 



i95 ROBERT BUCHAN. 

Robert Buchan was a sawyer and lumber merchant at the "Air Furnace'' 
in Greenwich Road from 1793 to 1809. He then removed to 24 North Moore 
street and in 1823 to Number 80 in the same street. In 1810 the lumber yard 
vas described as "by the new Fort opposite St. John's Church." In 1808 he 
ook his son-in-law, David Clark, into partnership as Buchan & Clark, which 
irrangement remained in force up to 1814. In 1815 Buchan took Alexander 
vlicoll into partnership in the sawing business, their sawyard being situated 
opposite J. Barker's Furnace, on the North River," while his lumber business 
■t 351 Greenwich Street was carried on in his own name. He married Ann 
\mos and by her had three sons, Robert, who became a druggist, and in 1833 a 
lirector in the North River Insurance Co. ; George, who in his father's will is 
leclared to be "absent,'' and who died at New Orleans January 6, 1835, and 
3avid Clark (1804-1852). There were also four daughters, Mary, who mar- 
led (Feb. 2 or 9, 1803) David Clark, member 1802; Ann, who married Henry 
iobinson; Eliza, who married William Hill, Jan. 2, 1826; Margaretta, who 
narried May 20, 1829, William H. Mott. Mr. Buchan died May 9, 1827. in his 
i9th year and his widow Ann survived him, dying Sept. 2, 1835, aged 72 years. 



196 KENNETH CLARK. 

Nothing is known concerning this member other than that he hailed from 
'Jorth Carolina and, while on a visit to New York, received Flonorary member- 
hip in the Society. 



197 GOVERNOR JAMES CRAUFURD. 

Governor Craufurd was the second son of Patrick, Vllltli of Drumsoy and 
\uchnames, and Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of George Middleton, banker 
n London. In October, 1760, he was appointed Governor of Guadaloupe, and in 
V94 was Colonel in the Guards, Equerry to the Oueen and Governor of r>er- 
nuda. Walter Rutherfurd states in one of his letters that Craufurd, while Gov- 



334 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1799 

ernor of Bermuda, got the name of Jacobin "from the great civility and protection 
he gave to our vessels carried there" and that "the clamour lost him the place 
and has made him an idol here." The Governor arrived in New York, Novern- 
ber 26, 1796, and on July 4, 1797, he was toasted at a dinner of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce in New York. Washington gave him a warm invitation to ] 
Mount Vernon. He married September 27, 1797, Alice Swift Livingston, 
daughter of John Swift of Philadelphia, and widow of Robert Cambridge i 
Livingston. The newspaper notice states that they were married by the Bishop I 
of New York and left next day for their seat at the Manor. On their return 
from their honeymoon they hired 168 Greenwich Street, described as an elegant 
three storied house which in April of 1799 took fire, and the circumstance is 
notable from the fact that for the first time water was played upon the upper 
floors of the house by means of a "leathern engine pipe" in the hands of several 
"active and spirited young gentlemen, from the roof of an adjoining building." 
Notwithstanding their efforts the house was "burned out." They then removed to 
28 Cortlandt Street, which they hired from Alexander Ross, the baker, at a 
rental of $1,000 per annum. What the rent of that property is now one can 
imagine. In 1801 they removed to 76 Broad Street and later to 351 Broadway 
where the Governor died March 22, 1811. His widow died Febniary 4, 1816, 
aged 64 years. — Robertson's Ayrshire Families; Contemporary Press. 



598 JOHN FORSYTH. 

John Forsyth was a merchant tailor and is first noted in 1792 as doing 
business in Little Queen Street. The following year he removed to 108 Water 
Street; in 1799 to 116 and in 1810 to 105 Water Street. He remained at the 
latter address until his death. In 1821 he took as a partner Thomas Rich, Jun., ■ 
and in the following year, on August 21, died intestate in his 59th year. He 
had married, date not known, Elizabeth Wendover, who was born in New York 
City, January 28, 1764, and died there October 8, 1834. Their son William died 
in New York, December 26, 1822. in his 20th year. 



599 ANDREW FOSTER. 

Manager 1821-1823. 

Andrew Foster, son of John Foster and Barbara Fairnie, his wife, was born 
at Kinghorn, in the "Kingdom of Fife," June 25, 1772, and died at his home, 
No. 5 Bowling Green, New York City, December 25, 1849. The exact year of 
Mr. Foster's appearance in New York has not been ascertained but an adver- 
tisement under date of April 30, 1798, stated that Foster & Giraud "commenced 
the grocery business at the corner of Taylor's Wharf and Front Street." His 
jiartncr Giraud was Jacob Post Giraud and his sister, Ann Giraud, became the 



1799 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 335 

first wife of Mr. Foster. She was born July 19, 1776, and died on the 10th 
Septeniljer, 1816. Mr. Foster married secondly Ann, daughter of Hermance 
Ten Eyck of Albany, on March 1, 1819, at Albany, and by the Rev. Dr. Brad- 
ford. This lady was bom March 26, 1788, and died July 13, 1851. In 1800 
Mr. Foster was carrying on business at Greenwich Street and later at 65 South 
Street. In course of time the firm became shipping merchants and owned many 
ships. After Mr. Giraud retired Mr. Foster's sons were admitted to partnership, 
the firm becoming Andrew Foster & Sons. One of his descendants states "I 
have always heard that he was a man of force, of high character and of a good 
heart. It is believed he was an elder in the Presbyterian Church." Mr. Foster's 
standing in the comnumity is well attested to by the many estates administered 
by him as executor or trustee. In 1808 he became a director in the Jersey Bank, 
in 1809 a director of the New York State Bank, also of the Commercial Insur- 
ance Co., and the Washington Mutual Assurance Company. His portrait is in 
possession of the family. His son, Jacob Post Giraud Foster, joined the Society 
in 1850, and his grandson, Frederic de Peystcr Foster, to whom we are indebted 
lor much of the above information, joined the Society in 1913. 



600 DAVID GORDON. 

David Gordon came to New York in 1799 and promptly joined the Society. 
He was taken into partnership by John Munro under the firm name of Munro 
& Gordon and they carried on the ship chandlery business on Jones' Wharf and 
opened an insurance brokerage office the same year at 66 Pine Street. In 1802 
they removed from Pine Street to 167 Pearl Street. On October 6, of that 
year, Munro died, and in 1803 Gordon became insolvent. The business carried 
on at Jones' Wharf, groceries, wines, etc., seems to have been removed to 18 
Broadway and later to 52 South Street. In January, 1808, Gordon joined the 
Dumfries and Galloway Society. In 1807 he represented, in New York, Max- 
well & Wellwood Hyslop of Jamaica. At that time he was attacked in the news- 
papers as ''a violent stickler for the American ticket" and as "a federal merchant," 
heinous charges no doubt. He made an emphatic denial and stated that he was 
not a citizen and took no part or interest in politics. In 1809 his name disap- 
peared from the directories and it is probable that it was in this year that he 
became an Honorary or Non-resident member, giving his future address as 
Edinburgh. In October, 1811, in a Court of Chancery suit, his name appeared 
as one of the defendants and in the citation he was "said to be in Great Britain." 



601 CAPTAIN HENRY HASTIE. 

Captain Hastie was probably a native of Glasgow and may have been of the 
family of that name whose members were prominent Glasgow merchants in the 
early years of last century. In 1800 and 1801 the firm of Henry Hastie & Co. 



336 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1799 

did business at 106 Liberty Street, removing almost immediately to 103 Water 
Street. In 1801 he advertised for sale a small country seat on Staten Island, 
and thereafter his name is not connected with New York life. On January 13, 
1820, one Henry Hastie, Agent of the Underwriters at Lloyds, died in Norfolk, 
Va., and this was probably our member. 



602 ANDREW HOSIE. 

Andrew Hosie was a native of Glasgow, and son of Andrew who died at 
Glasgow in November, 1825. In 1801 he began business in New York at 139 
Water Street, carrying a line of hosiery, shawls, muslin, calicos, cambrics, carpets, 
etc. Prior to this date he was probably acting as salesman with some house in 
order to learn American business methods. In 1802 he removed to- 4 Fletcher Street, 
in 1804 to 25 Liberty Street, and in 1807 to 103 Maiden Lane. In the directory 
he was designated "Hosier," probably meaning men's furnishings. He married 
Ann, daughter of William and Christina (Glass) Gerard on May 12, 1804. On 
May 23, 1826, his daughter Ann Eliza married Schuyler Livingston. It is stated 
in the Genealogical Record of July, 1874, that he died at St. Croix, where he had 
gone for his health, but the date is not given. This is an error, as Mr. Hosie died 
at 42 White Street, New York, on January 10. 1818, at the age of thirty-eight 
years. His name appeared in the directory of 1812 for the last time. It is there- 
fore probable that having gone to St. Croix for his health he came home to die. 
His widow died August 23, 1877, in her 96th year. 



603 DAVID KING. 

David King was a well known tavern keeper who for many years ministered to 
the wants of his neighbours in a little frame house at No. 9 Wall Street, removing 
in 1815 to No. 6 Slote Lane. His daughter married William Niblo who, in 1814, 
opened the Bank Coffee House on the corner of Pine and Willinm Streets, in rear 
of the Bank of New York, a very popular resort of the merchants in its clay. In 
1821 King gave up his tavern in Slote Lane and removed to 48 Pine Street ; in 1822 
to 23 Liberty Street, and in 1824 to 139 Chambers Street, where he died June 8 
of that year, in the 65th year of his age. — Old Taz'crns of Nczv York; flic Press. 



604 JOHN LANG. 

Manager 1804-1805; 1824-1827; 1st Vice-Pres. 1835-1836. 

The following obituary appeared in the New York Spectator of March 19, 
1836, and is given as a specimen of necrological writing of that period. 

"It is with unaffected sorrow that we record the death of our highly esteemed 
fellow citizen, John Lang, Esq., Editor of the N. Y. Gacettc, in the 68th year of 



1799 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 337 

his age, an event that took place early in the afternoon of yesterday. Mr. Lang 
was the father of the profession in this City and State and has left behind him but 
four others, vvc believe, in the United States, connected vvitli the press, or who 
have been connected with it, who were his seniors either in age or in the profes- 
sion. Mr. Lang was born in the town of Peekskill, of Scottish parents, we believe, 
or at least of Scottish descent. His early life was spent amid the bustling scenes 
of the American revolution. He was employed in the Commissary department 
and was sent to Virginia with supplies while Cornwallis was at Yorktown, and 
about the time of the surrender. At the close of the war he was apprenticed to 
Samuel Loudoun, then the printer of the New York Packet. In 1797 he became 
associated with Archibald McLean in the publication of the New York Gazette, 
on whose decease, in 1800, he assumed the entire ownership and editorship of that 
journal. Very soon afterwards he received John Turner into partnership, which 
connection was continued upward of thirty years, until Mr. Turner withdrew 
from the concern, to enjoy in private life that competency of this world's goods 
vv-hich had been secured by his industry. Mr. Lang remained; and death alone 
has dissolved his connection with an establishment with which all his pride was 
associated, and which amid all the turmoils, changes and storms of party he has 
conducted with singular prudence, industry and consistency. 

"Commencing life as it were with the establishment of those great principles 
of civil personal liberty upon which our beautiful form of government was con- 
structed and upon which it was the desire and the expectation of its framers it 
should be administered, he early imbibed those wholesome principles, and main- 
tained them to the last 'without variation or shadow of turning.' In his paper, 
however, he was never a bitter partisan. He did not aspire to the higher walks 
of political discussion, and seldom mingled in controversy, his ambition being to 
conduct a sound and useful commercial and business newspaper. In this he suc- 
ceeded with singular address : and such have been the blamelessness of his course, 
the kindness and urbanity of his manners, and his consistency of life and conduct 
in all the private and social relations of society, that he has not left an enemy 
behind. 

"The illness of which he died was induced by the great conflagration in 
December (1835). The destruction of his office and building and the difficulties 
encountered in immediately resuming business, depre.-^sed his spirits, and brought 
upon him a nervous disease which resulted in his death. Although his means were 
not ample, but abundant, the idea became fastened upon his mind that be had been 
reduced to poverty, and he sank under it. He has left to his family, however, an 
unblemished name." 



605 JOHN McADAM. 

X'othing is known of this member other than that he was a resident of 
Jamaica, in the West Indies, and received Honorary membership in the Society. 
He may have been one of the McAdams of Liverpool and New York, who were 
extensively engaged in the American and West Indian trade at that period. 



338 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1799 

606 CAPTAIN ANDREW McCREDIE. 

Captain McCredie was the son of William McCredie, third laird of Peirceton, 
near Irvine, Ayrshire, and Barbara, his wife, daughter of Robert Wilson, mer- 
chant of Glasgow. He was bred to the sea and at an early age was in command 
of an East Indiaman. He located at Savannah, Ga., and for many years was a 
"respectable" merchant there. While in New York he received Honorary mem- 
bership in the Society. He was lost in the China seas in 1805. This latter 
statement is open to question, as the Evening Post of July 11, 1807, gives notice of 
McCredie's death at Savannah. — Robertson's Ayrshire Families. 



607 ALEXANDER M.\cGREGOR. 

Alexander MacGregor was one of four brothers who came to this country 
from Thornhill, Perthshire. Mr. William Wood, however, in his Autobiography. 
states that he believed that MacGregor was a native of Kirkintilloch, Dumbarton- 
shire. Mr. MacGregor engaged in the dry goods business in New York as junior 
partner in the firm of Thomson & MacGregor, and this firm dissolved September 
1, 1797. In 1798, his brother John and he formed the firm of John & Alexander 
MacGregor, at 190 Pearl Street, carrying on there a large wholesale dry goods 
business. In December, 1802, he advertised that he was "intending for Europe" 
and offered for sale houses in Greenwich and Gold Streets and a country house 
within a mile and a half of the Cofifee House. His store, then in Pine Street, was 
four stories in height and fire-proof. He left New York and went to Liverpool, 
where he became a great cotton merchant. He joined the house of J. & A. 
Dennistoun, the senior partner, James Dennistoun, of Golfhill, near Glasgow, being 
the grandfather of William Wood, our future president. In 1823 Mr. MacGregor 
lived in one of the pleasantest villas erected about 1801 on the hill south of St. 
George's Street, forming the tongue of land at the junction of St. George's Hill 
and Netherfield Road. MacGregor Street commemorates the name of the quondam 
proprietor. About 1826 Mr. MacGregor became manager of the branch of the 
Bank of England. Mr. Wood states that the word picture of Osbaldistone and 
Tresham in Rob Roy might have been drawn from Alexander MacGregor. He 
was an overbearing and disagreeable man but a clever merchant. He married 
Helen I'lnlay, widow of Major Finlay of the Engineers, military secretary to the 
Duke of Richmond. They lived in good style on their estate at Everton, near 
Liverpool. Mr. MacGregor died in Manchester, England, December 6, 1828. His 
will was probated in New York, December 18, 1828. Alexander MacGregor, 
Junior, his nephew, and Andrew Foster, were the New York executors. 



1799 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 339 

608 HUGH McLEAN 

Hugh McLean conducted a dry goods business in New York from 1800 to 
1806 at various locations. In 1804 his particular line was wholesale millinery. 
After 1806 his name docs not appear so that he probably returned to Scotland. 
One of this name, said to be "for many years a merchant in New York," was the 
fifth son of John and grandson of Donald McLean of Kilmoluaig, in the Island 
3f Tyrie, and died without issue.^Hist. and Gen. Act. Clan MacLcan; the Press. 



509 ROBERT McMILLAN 

The following tribute to the memory of McMillan was inserted "by request" 
n the New York Gaccttc of June 25, 1800, and was evidently written by the widow 
)f George Douglas, who had been Mr. McMillan's employer. "Departed this life 
)n Saturday last (June 21, 1800) Mr. Robert McMillan, a native of Scotland, who 
or several years had been a clerk to George Douglas, Jr., deceased, whose esteem 
le merited and in the fullest sense did possess. George Douglas knew his probitj' 
md ability, whose widow had the greatest confidence in his integrity, and at her 
lusbnnd's death appointed him her attorney. She respected him as a sincere 
ricnd, laments his death and sensibly knows her loss. He died on Long Island, 
vhere he went to look for health, and there was respectfully interred. A con- 
mmption stopped his breath." McMillan died intestate, the public administrator, 
Daniel Phoenix, taking charge of his estate and reporting in the newspapers De- 
:ember, 1801, that there were in his hands $686.67. McMillan left a widow and 
hree children unprovided for. and they, for many years, were assisted by the 
society. 



do JAMES MAITLAND 

James Maitland was a native of Scotland. While in New York he was as- 
ociated with Maitland, Howell & Co., this firm being composed of Benjamin 
Jaitland, William Howell and James IMaitland, and was engaged in the business 
)f ship chandlers and ironmongers. James married, September 16, 1797, Elizabeth, 
laughter of William Seton. After the reverses sulTered by the house in 1801 
ilaitland seems to have become second teller in the P.ank of New York. Soon 
iter he disappeared to parts unknown, leaving his family to be taken care of by 
elatives and friends. One of his sons. Captain William Seton Maitland of the 
J. S. army, died at sea in 1836, while returning from the Seminole war. Another 
on, Benjamin, married Frances Maitland. One of this name, "for several years 
>ast a resident of Jamaica," died at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., September 4, 1836. 
"his may have been our member. 



340 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1799 

611 WALTER MITCHELL. 

Manager 1800-1802. 

Walter Mitchell was senior partner of the New York house of Mitchell, 
Napier !& Co., which seems to have been a branch of the house of Andrew & 
Thomas Napier, of Charleston, S. C. On March 24, 1800. these firms were dis- 
solved and new arrangements made which left out Mitchell. He then started 
business as a general merchant and from 1800 to 1804 was located at 181 Pearl 
Street; from 1805 to 1814 at 18 Gold Street, and in 1815-16 at 35 Beaver Street. 
The merchandise dealt in was of a miscellaneous character, such as dry goods, 
tallow, hides, lion, tiger and deer skins, horse hair from the river Platte, coffee 
and sugar. His first wife, Ann, died March 30, 1809, in her 36th year, and on 
April 22, 1810, he married at Newark, N. J., Susan Plum, daughter of Joseph 
Plum of Newark. He was not successful in business, probably owing to his con- 
vivial habits, and removed to Newark. Evil days came upon him, and in his 
later years he became a pensioner of the Society. He died at Newark, Septem- 
ber 10, 1834, aged 66 years, leaving, so far as known, one daughter, a school 
teacher in New York. 



612 PETER AIORISON. 

In 1797 Peter Morison entered into business with William Bruce, eldest son 
of Robert Bruce, under the firm name of Morison & Bruce, at 120 Front Street. 
They were dealers in dried codfish, pickled salmon and mackerel, sounds and 
tongues, and advertised as wholesale and retail grocers. In 1805 they dissolved 
partnership, each continuing in the same line of business. Morison removed to 
116 Front Street where he remained until 1816, removing that year to 83 James 
Street. Whether this latter signified his home address and his retiral from busi- 
ness has not been ascertained. In 1800 he was Senior Deacon of St. Andrew's 
Lodge, No. 3, F. & A. M. On Febn:ar>' 5, 1801, he married Mary Graham, 
who died June 3, 1805, and in March of 1806 he married at Claverack, N. Y., 
Maria Delves Hawkins of Liverpool, England. In 1810 he met with reverses 
and became insolvent, but seems to have made a settlement and continued in busi- 
ness. After 1819 his name does not appear in the directories. In 1831, while 
"much reduced and suffering" he applied to the Society for aid. He was then 
living at Flatbush, Long Island. For several years assistance was given him. 
He probably died in 1836 or 1837. 



613 THOMAS CAMPBELL MORTON. 

Thomas Morton was probably a native of Fifeshire and was horn in the vear 
1772. He began his business career in New York in 1793 at the comer of Pearl 
and Market Streets. His advertisement appeared in November of that year 



?99 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 341 

tinoiincinf; the opening of a dry goods store in Hanover Square facing the Old 
hp. This may be the same location as that of the directory given above. He 
amoved in 1795 to 194 Pearl Street where he remained until 1809, except during 
brief period in 1800. when his store was burned out on January 18, entailing a 
)ss of $15,000. In 1810 he removed to 92 William Street where he remained 
ntil his death. In 1819 he assumed the initial "C"' to differentiate between him- 
;!f and another, a custom then very common. Mr. Morton was related to the 
'aton family, his sister, Jacobina, having married in 1799 David Paton of 
'reuchie, Fifeshire, becoming the mother of James, Thomas and William Paton, 
II three members of the Society. James Paton married his cousin. Euphcmia, 
aughter of Mr. Morton, thus making the connection between the families all the 
loser. Another daughter, Jane, married Alexander Watson, a merchant in 
lorth Carolina. A third daughter, Catherine, became the wife of John Mortimer, 
un., a wholesale dry goods merchant in New York. The fourth daughter, 
'ranees, became the wife of Homer Morgan and died in 1841 at the early age 
f 27 years. There seems to have been two sons, Peter, who became a member of 
le Society, and Thomas C, who died July 1, 1846. Mr. Morton is said to 
ave been an elder or other officer in the First Presbyterian Church and a fellow 
luirchman and friend of Robert Lenox. Another of Mr. Morton's friends was 
mdrew Anderson of St. Augustine, Florida, also a member of the Society. Mr. 
lorton was the brother-in-law of Thomas Allen, member 1785, and had come 
ito possession of Mr. Allen's copy of the Encyclopedia Britannica and this he bc- 
ueathed, with other heir looms, to his son, Peter. Mr. Morton died at his home 
2 William Street on April 30, 1833, at the age of sixty-one years. 



14 WILLIAM SAUNDERSON. 

William Saunderson was a silversmith and jeweler who came to New York 
1 1799 and in 1800 opened a shop at 13 William Street. This venture was not 
uccessful and after 1802 his name no longer appeared in the directories nor did 
lis name occur in the newspapers of the period. 

[Name appears on Roll as Saunilcrs.] 



il5 ANDREW SMITH. 

On Januarv 1, 1796, the firm of Dunlap, Woolsey & Smith was dissolved. 
\.ndrew Smith settling its affairs. On August 2, 1798, Smith became a part- 
ler of Divie Bethune under the firm name of Bethune & Smith. They were 
ommission merchants and insurance brokers at 11 Liberty Street. On Septem- 
>cr 5, of the same year, Smith married Isabella Graham, youngest daughter of 
Dr. John Graham, surgeon of the 60th, Royal Americans, and Isabella Graham, 



342 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1799 

his wife. Her sister, Joanna, had previously become the wife of Divie Bethune. 
On January 26, 1803, he, with his wife and servants, sailed on the ship 
Alleghany for IMadeira, Madras, and Calcutta, and on August 1st, r>ethune ad- 
vertised that Smith had occasion to leave the country for a time, and, preferring 
another line of business, Smith therefore had severed his connection with Divie 
Bethune who would continue in his own name thereafter. In April of 1804 
Smith and his family returned from India in the same ship Alleghany. In July 
of 1804 he again announced that he intended to leave America and appointed 
Samuel Boyd and his brother, James Smith, to settle his accounts. James 
Smith may have been our member James R. Smith, who was a native of Kirk- 
cudbright. Mr. Smith went into business for a time in Richmond and appeared 
on our Roll as Honorary in 1803 and of Virginia. In 1825 Mrs. Smith opened 
a boarding and day school for young ladies at 9 Murray Street and mentions in 
her advertisement that her mother, Mrs. Isabella Graham, at an earlier period, 
carried on a similar school in New York for many years. After a time Mr. 
Smith took up his residence in Washington, D. C, and there on June 25, 1828, 
his daughter, Isabella Graham, married Jacob Mott Weaver of Richmond, Va. 
When age and infirmities crept upon them he and his wife returned to Scotland 
and lived with their son-in-law, John Brydon, of Kingston Place, Glasgow. Mr. 
Smith died some time in the fifties while Mrs. Smith survived him until March 
2nd, 1860. Like her mother and sisters Mrs. Smith was noted for her interest 
in philanthropic work, for the strength of her cultivated mind, her ardent piety 
and her devotedly useful life. — The Press. 



t 



616 ALEXANDER SOMERVILLE. 

Alexander Somerville was a son of Dr. Archibald and Margaret Somerville, 
natives of Roxburghshire, and was probably born there in the year 1772. Mr. 
Somerville began business in New York in 1798 as a bookseller and stationer 
at 290 Pearl Street, removing the following year to 114 Maiden Lane. At the 
latter place he started a circulating lilirary and published a catalogue. In No- 
vember, 1800, he, and one Gavin Halliday, lately of the Island of Tobago, under 
the firm name of Somerville & Halliday, commenced business as commission 
merchants and insurance brokers at 141 Broadway. This arrangement continued 
up to Halliday's death on October 1, 1801. On Febraary 4, 1804, Somerville 
announced his intention to sail for New Orleans where he was about to reside. 
On his deathbed in September of the same year he made his will in which h^ 
stated that he was "late of the City of New York but now of New Orleans." He 
died on September 4, 1804, aged 32 years, and one of the witnesses to his will 
was Dr. Robert Dow who became an Honorary member of this Society in 1819. 
In the family burying ground in St. Paul's Cemetery, Eastchester, New York, 
his name is commemorated. 



I 



799 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 343 

il7 RICHARD WILLIAMSON. 

Ricliard Williamson was a native of Scotland and ensilaged in the grocery 
lusiness in New York. As early as 1767 one Richard Williamson began business 
ti New York as a grocer and tallow chandler and was located "opposite Elias 
)esbrosses, Esq., in Queen Street." Whether or not this was our member it is 
lot possible now to say. In 1792, however, our member was a grocer and ship- 
ing agent at Old Slip where he remained until he died. On November 12, 1798, 
lis wife, Isabella, died suddenly and on August 28, of the following year he 
aarried at Rhinebeck, N. Y., Hetty, daughter of Isaac Conklin of Dutchess 
'ounty. He died in New York City November 14, 1806, leaving his widow, 
lester, three children by his first wife and four children by his second. His son, 
)avid, was in the same line of business in 1825. 



1800 



18 JOHN AITKEN. 

John Aitken (Aiken in our Records), vi'as elected to Honorary membership 
ut his domicile is not given. In 1790 and again in 1794 one of this name was 
lected to Honorary memljership in the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia. 
n 1769 one Captain John made that city a port of call. 



19 HUGH BIGG. 

Hugh Bigg began business in New York in 1798 at 90 Maiden Lane, the 
rm being Hugh Bigg & Co. In the directory of 1805 he is designated whole- 
ale and retail grocer. In 1802 he passed through bankruptcy and in 1803 was 
gain doing business at 72 Cedar Street. On November 22nd, or December 5th, 
806, he died intestate, and Archibald Bigg was appointed administrator of his 
state. 



20 JOHN BRODIE. 

John Brodie was a grocer. In 1795 he was senior member of Brodie & 
Vylie at 84 Nassau Street, corner of Beekman Street. His partner, John Wylie, 
ied in 1797 and thereafter Brodie conducted the business alone. In 179*^ he re- 
loved to 104 Chatham Street where he remained until 1803 when his name ap- 
leared in the directory for the last time. On February 25, 1801, he married 
Sarah Hopkins. No will or letters of administration appear on record in the 
Surrogate's Office, but in 1804 his xmdow appealed to the Society for assistance. 



344 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1800 

621 WILLIAM BRUCE. 

William Bruce, son of Robert (member 1784) and Mary Langiey, his wife, 
was born on November 24, 1779. He is found in business in this city as early 
as 1798 with Peter Morison (member 1799) under the firm name of Morison & 
Bruce at 120 Front Street. This firm dissolved partnership in 1805 and William 
took in his brother, Robert Langiey Bruce, under the firm name of William and 
Robert Bruce, carrying on business at the same place. They were the heaviest 
dealers in their day in dried codfish, pickled salmon and mackerel, sounds and 
tongues. They also dealt in beef, pork, butter, oil, indigo, nutmegs, pepper by the 
cargo, saltpetre, brandy, Jamaica rum and teas by the cargo. They owned several 
vessels, and did a large shipping business until the time of the "Embargo." At 
that time they were heavy traders to Nova Scotia and the Mediterranean. The 
Berlin and Milan decrees and the British Orders in Council ruined William and 
Robert Bruce. Their merchandise was perishable and thousands of dollars' 
worth of fish were flung into the ocean. In 1812 they gave up business as a firm 
and William continued in the same line at 52 South Street. In 1813 he was 
appointed factor or agent for the sale of all goods manufactured in the State 
Prison. His father's firm, Robert & Peter Bruce, nominated William Bruce on 
the share of the Tontine stock subscribed for by them in 1792. William married 
Mary Lyon, daughter of Lieut. Alexander James Hamilton, at one time of the 
45th Regiment in the British service and member of the Society in 1786, and by 
her had several children, one of whom was the Rev. Vandervoort Bruce, Rector 
of the Episcopal Church ; another son named Hamilton Bruce, after his maternal 
grandfather, was a Deputy Collector of the Port. A third son. Langiey Bruce, 
was named after his Virginia ancestors. There were two daughters referred to 
in his will, Louisa and Margaret. In the latter years of his life William became 
"much reduced" and was ofifered and accepted a position in the Custom House. 
William Bruce died January 15, 1845, and his widow, Mary Lyon Bruce, followed 
him October 12, 1849, in her 67th year. — Old Merchants of Nczc York ; the Press. 



622 ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL. 

Archibald Campbell was a son of Alexander Campbell, a cadet of the family 
of Campbell of Kirnan, Argyleshire, and a member of the firm of A. & D. Camp- 
bell of Glasgow and Virginia, who emigrated to Falmouth, Virginia, remained 
loyal during the Revolution, lost his property in consequence and returned to 
Scotland a ruined man. Archibald's mother, Margaret, was of the Campbells of 
Craignish and sister of Daniel Campbell, the partner of Alexander. Whether or 
not our member was born in Scotland or in Virginia has not been determined but 
as his brother, Thomas Campbell, the Poet, was born at Glasgow, Scotland, it is 
fair to assume that Archibald first saw the light there also. By marriage 
Archibald was related to Patrick Henry, one of his brothers having married the 
daughter of Henry. In 1800 Archibald was engaged in business at 11 Broad 



JOO SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 345 

treet, New York City, and the following year at Hallct's Wharf, while his 
;sidence was at 58 John Street. On June 18, 1804, he married Margaret 
idams. In 1810 Washington Irving received from Camphell the facts regarding 
is brother Thomas, which enabled Irving to write the sketch of the poet's life 
refixed to an American edition of his works. Campbell seems to have been in 
le ship chandlery and tobacco business. His name disappeared from the direc- 
3ry after 1812 and it is probable that he returned to Scotland on the outbreak of 
le war. If so he came back to this country and settled in Richmond, Virginia, 
ngaged in business, probably in the tobacco business, in which his father was 
ngaged many years earlier, and died there November 27, 1830, aged about 65 
ears. The Richmond Whig stated in its obituary notice that Campbell was 
possessed of extensive information," and that "he was a man of great rectitude 
nd simplicity of life." — Scot. Notes & Queries; the Press. 



23 JOHN D. CUNNINGHAM. 

Cunningham was a grocer, produce broker and commission merchant at 133 
'ront Street from 1800 to 1802, and for a time at 66 Cedar Street. In the 
)aily Advertiser of September 28th, 1801, appeared an "ad" in which he styled 
imself "produce broker," the first time this designation came within our notice, 
le also advertised storage facilities "in a fire proof store," No. 133 Front Street, 
n 1811 he was a City weigher while still a produce broker and he was then at 
00 Water Street. No later references have been found. 



i24 JAMES FORREST. 

James Forrest was born in Aberdeen in 1764. It may have been he who 
iresented a Alemorial to Sir Guy Carleton on November 12, 1783, in which he 
ecounted his experiences and losses during the Revolution (unfortuntely not 
jiven in tlie published calendar) and begged an appointment in a provincial corps 
vhich would entitle him to the half pay of a Captain. The result of the petition 
s not stated. Forrest served for many years as an accountant in the United 
states Bank and died September 20th, 1831, at the age of 67 years. His widow, 
denrietta, died Novanber 8th, 1837. He left several daughters who, with the 
issislance of the Society, managed to preserve a genteel position. — Carleton 
^apers; the Press. 



i25 MICHAEL GARDINER. 

Michael Gardiner was a carpenter and builder whose name is first noted in 
[793. He died May 2nd, 1810. Letters of administration were granted to 
jeorge Gosman and Robert Buchan and Mr. Gosman was appointed guardian 
Df Mr. Gardiner's son William. 



346 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1800 

626 ALEXANDER LEWIS McDONALD. 

Mr. McDonald was a son of James and Elizabeth (Belden) McDonald of 
Bedford, Westchester County, New York, and grandson or great grandson of 
Colonel or Captain Lewis McDonald of Bedford, a native of Strathspey, one of 
the Loyalists of that County who was ill treated by the people of the district, 
notwithstanding that he had previously been well thought of by them. Mr. 
McDonald was born in 1772 and after receiving his education studied law. In 
1796 he opened an office at 35 Liberty Street, New York. In May, 1798, he 
was appointed Ensign in the Third New York Militia Regiment. On April 8, 
1800, he married Elizabeth De Hart, daughter of Anthony Lispenard Bleecker. 
After 1807 his name disappeared from the New York directories. He became 
associated with Samuel Youngs from 1808 to 1811 with headquarters, doubtless, 
at Mount Pleasant. He seems also to have been a member of the law firm of 
McDonald & Ward, mentioned frequently in the court records at White Plains. 
New York, between 1816 and 1819. He afterwards returned to New York 
where he remained till his death on January 7th, 1864, in his 92nd year. His 
widow survived him until the 28th of February following. — Scharf's History of 
Westchester County; the Press. 



627 HUGH MUNRO McLEAN, M.D. 

Physician 1809-1826. 

Dr. McLean was a son of Alexander McLean, surgeon in the British army 
who died at Fredericsburg, New York, January 5, 1780, whose wife had been 
the widow of John Glass. He was born April 18, 1776. In 1800 Dr. McLean 
lived at the corner of Beekman and Nassau Streets and in 1825 at 77 Beekman 
Street. His house "was a continued scene of cheerful hospitality." He was a 
contemporary of Doctors Hosack, Francis, Mott and Cheeseman. He was one 
of those who attended George Frederick Cooke, the actor, in his last illness in 
1812. William A. Duer, in New York as It Was, says of him "he was one of 
the consulting physicians of this Society (the St. Nicholas) not less valued for 
his social and benevolent quality than for his professional skill and experience." 
Scoville, in his Old Merchants of New York, writes "Dr. Hugh McLean was for 
many years one of the most eminent and successful practitioners in the city. 
He had under his medical charge most of the old families of New York, and 
was the fashionable physician of the day. He was the first physician who was 
placed over the old New York City Dispensary, during the prevalence of the 
yellow fever in 1799, and during the pestilence of that and several succeeding 
years he attended to all the poor of the city who were struck down with the dis- 
ease; he never deserted his post, and had the fever twice himself. He lived in 
the large building on the corner of Beekman and Nassau streets where the office 
of the Dispensary was — with Mrs. Glass and his sisters, l\Irs. Gerard, and Anne 
S. and Eliza B. Glass, for many years. Dr. McLean, in early youth, was the 



1800 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 347 

school-mate and friend of Washington Irving, and afterwards was the patron 
of art in all its branches, and of the great succession of artists who lived in his 
day ; also of all the literary men who flourished with the writers of Salmagundi 
and the Knickerbocker. Doctor McLean was one of the handsomest men of his 
day, and of most agreeable manners, and no circle of society was considered 
complete without him.' Valentine's Manual of 1856 tells the following story in 
which the doctor figured. "One evening in the summer of 1803, Dr. McLean, 
well known physician and surgeon, received an anonymous letter, stating that at 
nine o'clock in the evening of the day of its date he would find on the south 
side of the Bowling Green, at the foot of Broadway, a horse and gig. He was 
requested to take charge of them, and drive to a spot designated on the road run- 
ning alongside of Potter's Field (where now is Washington Square) and there 
he would find some friends waiting for him. He did so. He found the horse 
and the gig at the time and place designated. It was a moonlight night. He got 
in the gig, and drove to Potter's Field. As he approached the spot designated, 
which was at one of the gates, he heard pistol shots. When he reached the spot, 
on looking over the fence he saw one man holding up another, and other persons 
a little distance off. The man who was supporting another called to him, and 
asked if he was Dr. iMcLean. He answered he was. 'Then,' said the other, 'this 
gentleman requires your assistance ; be good enough to take charge of him and 
place him with his friends.' Upon saying this, he gently laid the person he had 
held on the ground and left him, passing over as did the others, out of sight. 
The doctor went to the person thus so strangely left to his care, and found that 
it was Mr. Thompson, then a harbour master of the f»ort. He was severely, 
and, as afterward appeared, fatally wounded. Dr. McLean, as well as he could, 
staunched his wound, and brought him to his residence in the city, where after 
lingering for two or three days, he died. It was palpable he had been wounded 
in a duel, and as antecedent events strongly pointed to the individual who was 
his antagonist, strenuous efforts were made to discover him. Thompson him- 
self, previous to his death, was strongly urged to disclose the name of the person. 
He uniformly and firmly refused ; said he had been honourably treated ; was 
honourably shot; and died with the secret unrevealed. Mr. Thompson and Mr. 
Coleman, of the Commercial Advertiser, were active and warm politicians on 
opposite sides. Little doubt was entertained as to the antagonist of Thompson." 
Dr. AIcLean died unmarried August 13th, 1846. 



628 COLONEL RICHARD MONTGOMERY MALCOM. 

Col. Malcom, son of General William Malcom and Sarah Ayscough, his 
wife, was born in New York City, ]\Iarch 2, 1776. In 1798 Richard Malcolm 
& Co. were engaged in business at 118 Pearl Street where they sold cordage, 
rope, etc. the product of their rope walk in Brooklyn, "near the Wallabout." He 
and Fontaine Maury were engaged in the ship chandlery business as Malcom & 
Maury, up to August 8, 1807, when the firm was dissolved. He married 



348 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1800 

April 14, 1798, Anne, daughter of George Henry, of Princeton, N. J. When 
the war of 1812 broke out he immediately answered the call, received a commis- 
sion as Captain in the 13th Regiment U. S. Infantry, and took part in the storm- 
ing of the Heights of Queenstown in Canada, where he was wounded in the 
thigh by a musket ball. During the war his family had removed to Utica, N. Y., 
and on being discharged from the army in June, 1815, he joined them there and 
went into business as agent or broker on commission. His wife died in the month 
of June, 1819. On June 17, 1824, his daughter, Sarah Ann, was married to 
Thomas P. Ball of New York by the Rev. William Berrian in St. John's Church. 
Col. Malcom died at Moa, Cuba, July 22, 1827, aged 51 years. 



629 ANDREW NAPIER. 

On June 20, 1797, Andrew Napier came out from Glasgow in the packet 
Anutcrdam. He was then a member of the firm of Mitchell, Napier & Co., in 
the dry goods business at 157 Pearl Street. In 1800 the firm became Thomas 
Napier & Co. The firm of Andrew & Thomas Napier of Charleston, S. C, was 
a branch of the business. On September 29, 1800, Andrew married Catharine, 
daughter of Thomas Willing of Jamaica, Long Island. In May, 1803, Thomas 
Smith of Charleston was taken into the business there and that firm became 
Napier, Smith & Co., while the New York house remained Thomas Napier & Co. 
Andrew, however, seems to have conducted a similar business on his own ac- 
count from 1803 to 1805 at Smith and De Peyster Streets. In March, 1806, the 
firm of Thomas Napier & Co. went into voluntary liquidation and Andrew had 
the settling of afifairs. His name does not appear in the city directory after 1805 
as he retired to Jamaica, Long Island. In 1819, he or one of the same name, 
engaged in business at 2 Sloat Lane, but how long he remained there is not known. 
Mr. Napier died at Jamaica, February 7, 1857, in his 88th year. 



630 JAMES PALMER, 

James Palmer, Jun., was in the ship chandlery business at various addresses 
from 1800 to 1807. In 1805 he entered into partnership with his brother John 
James Palmer the firm becoming James & John Palmer & Co. He may have 
been a son of James Palmer, editor and proprietor of the first Kelso Chronklc 
established in 1783, members of whose family came out to this country, and one 
of whose daughters is known to have married in Philadelphia in 1804. Palmer 
was a member of Saint Andrew's Lodge No. 3, F. & A.M. He was also inter- 
ested in raising the New York Federal Cadets. In 1804 he was Assistant Alder- 
man in the Eighth Ward of the City. On April 17, 1806, he married a daughter 
of William Muir, a New York merchant. James died suddenly September 3, 
1807, in his thirty-eighth year. His widow, at the time of his death, had just 
attained lawful age. 



800 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 349 

,31 CAPTAIN JAMES PATERSON. 

At the time Captain Paterson joined the Society he was master of the pacl<et 
rig Moses Gill, engaged in the European and West Indian trade. On November 
8, 1802, he married Elizabeth Rebecca Chevers. He remained in New York 
mtil about 1815, when he went to Balize (Piiloxi?), in the State of Mississippi, 
nd became a Branch Pilot there. Captain Paterson was a native of Dumfries and 
aturaily joined the Dumfries and Galloway Society. He died at Balize, May 1, 
829, in his 62nd year, and Mr. Lang of the New York Gazette stated that he was 
, highly respectable sliipmaster who would long be remembered for his humanity 
nd hospitality. 



^2>2 CAPTAIN THOMAS REID. 

In 1795 Captain Rcid of the ship Coui^rcss, from Amsterdam, reiwrtcd that 
wo of his "hands'' had been stolen from him so that he had to do foremast duty 
11 the voyage. On September 16, 1797, he married Euphemia, daughter of Capt. 
ames Dcas, a fellow member of the Society. His name appears in the city direc- 
jries for the years 1800 and 1801 only. On March 6, 1802, letters of adminis- 
ration on his estate were granted to his widow, "Euphan," and her uncle, David 
)eas. 



33 GILBERT ROBERTSON. 

1st Vice-President 1812-1813; 1815-1816. 

When Mr. Robertson received Honorary membership in the Society in 1800 
e was then of Philadelphia and British Consul there. He was engaged in busi- 
ess in New York at the same time, however, the firm of Gilbert Robertson & Co. 
aving started here in the year 1800, and continued in one form or another up to 
le year 1829, and during part of that period carried on business in two locations 
1 New York. On December 10, 1801, he was married by Bishop Moore to 
Adelaide, or Alida Gouverneur, widow of Isaac Gouverneur. Either out of senti- 
lent or because his wife owned the property, he carried on business for many 
ears at No. 10 Gouverneur Lane. In 1809 Mr. Robertson became a resident 
lember of the Society and in 1810 lived at 76 Greenwich Street. In 1819 he 
Drmed a co-partnership under the firm name of Robertson, Dickson & Gray. In 
822 Gray retired and the firm became Robertson & Dickson, continuing to do 
usiness under this style up to 1829. Mr. Robertson then retired and returned to 
Philadelphia, where he died October 21, 1836, aged 78 years. His wife pre- 
eceased him, dying of apoplexy in Philadelphia, August 29, 1834. 



350 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1800 

634. WILLIAM ROSS. 

William Ross was a coachbuilder who was born in 1763 and in all probability 
in Scotland. He began business in New York at 208 Broadway, where he re- 
mained until 1815, when he seems to have retired. In 1813 he resided at No. 3 
Fair Street. In 1817 the business was carried on by William & John E. Ross, at 
138 and 140 Fulton Street, probably his sons. He died September 13, 1822, aged 
59 years, leaving a widow, Hannah, four sons and two daughters. 



635 GEORGE SCOTT. 

On July 19, 1799, George Scott & Co. opened a dry goods store at 206 Pearlj 
Street but went into liquidation in 1803. Shortly after the firm of Scott & Co.,] 
consisting of James Scott, Israel Seaman and Joseph Tremain was succeeded byj 
Scott & Tremain (George Scott and Joseph Tremain). He may have been al 
brother of James Scott, member 1784, or related in some way. The new firm did 
business at 29 Broadway and later at 27 South Street, and apparently went out 
of business m 1806. He married, November 15, 1803, Rebecca, daughter of 
Henry Bowers. Mr. Scott is next heard of at Freeport, Ontario County, where 
he was postmaster. His death took place there December 19, 1821, and the an- 
nouncement stated that he was a native of Scotland and for a number of years a 
respectable merchant in New York. 



636 THOMAS SERVICE. 

Thomas Service was probably a native of Irvine, Ayrshire, and was born 
in the year 1767. On January 16, 1796, he married Sarah, daughter of William 
Tinney, but she died on the following January 11. He was then doing business 
as a wholesale dry goods merchant at 183 Pearl Street. In 1806 he was senior 
partner of the firm of Thomas Service & Robert Coleman, whose place of business 
was at 129 Pearl Street. Thomas Service died at the early age of 39 on Novem- 
ber 21, 1806. 



637 ALEXANDER STORRY. 

Andrew and Alexander Storry were dry goods merchants who began busi- 
ness in 1800 at 112 Maiden Lane, removing next year to 105 William Street, then 
to Maiden Lane again, and in July, 1802. to 18 Gold Street. In .^pril of 1803 the 
firm went into bankruptcy and disappeared. 



1800 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 351 

638 ANDREW STORRY. 

Andrew Storry was probably a brother of the preceding, and as we have seen, 
associated with him in the dry goods business. Andrew was the third son of 
Andrew, a farmer in the parish of Shotts, in Lanarkshire. He matriculated in or 
entered Glasgow University in the year 1780. His oldest brother, John, matricu- 
lated at the same time, but it is not known that this brother came out to New York. 
Andrew sailed for Liverpool in the Samuel Elatn, on June H, 1802. The date 
of his return has not been noted, but after the failure of the firm in April, 1803, 
Andrew again crossed the Atlantic and returned from Greenock on the brig Moses 
Gill, Captain James Paterson. How long he remained in New York is unknown 
but his name does not again appear in the City directories and is not again noted 
in the New York newspapers until the notice of his death at Kingston, N. Y., on 
January 20, 1820. 



639 CAPTAIN WILLIAM TAYLOR. 

Captain Taylor was a mariner who, on leaving the deep sea, became master 
of the lightship ofif the harbour. On September 8, he became a member of the 
Marine Society. On December 29, of the following year, he was married at Phila- 
delphia, by the Rev. Mr. Abercrombie, to Esther, or Hester Rhinedollar. He died 
intestate March 28, 1824, in his 53rd year, his widow surviving. 



1801 



640 ROBERT BAIRD. 

Robert Caird was born in Scotland in the year 1766. He arrived in New 
York, April 5, 1801, on the ship Fanny from Greenock. He became a math- 
ematical teacher in one of the schools. His Alma Mater is not known. He died 
in New York, April 10, 1810, at the early age of forty-four years. His widow. 
Ann, a few years later also became a teacher. 

[Appeared in Sketch Book of 1823 as David Baird.] 



641 JAMES CASSIE. 

James Cassie was a baker whose name appeared in the directory of 1799 
for the first time, appeared regularly thereafter until 1811, remaining but a few 
years at each successive location. His business seems to have been taken over 
in 1803 by J. & A. Wilson, hard bread bakers, sons of John Wilson, member, 
1785. His last address was Greenwich Street near the State Prison but as this 



352 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1801 

was out of the business section and somewhat in the country it is presumed 
that he had retired, and probably on account of his wife's health. Mrs. Frances 
Cassie died, July 5, 1810, and thereafter no reference to Cassie has been found 
and it is therefore probable that he returned to Scotland on the breaking out of the 
War of 1812. 

[Name on the Roll as Caste] 



642 JAMES DONALDSON. 

James Donaldson was probably a native of Stirling, Scotland, and there 
learned his trade, that of a baker. When he came to New York is not known, 
but in 1799 he was located at 19 James Street, where he remained until 1844 and 
then removed to No. 52 Seventh Street. He was a man of unspotted life, one 
who fulfilled all the duties of a good Christian with unblemished reputation. 
From his sixteenth year he was a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He was chosen in 1813 as a trustee of the Churches of that denomina- 
tion in New York while they were associated together, re-elected to the same 
office until the Church property was divided, and continued an officer of the 
same Church until his death. He was naturally modest and retiring in his 
manner, as a friend firm and faithful, careful and prudent in his affairs, scrupu- 
lously honest and exact in his dealings, one whose life was a striking example 
of the Christian character. He died January 22, 1845, leaving a widow, sons and 
daughters. 



643 DAVID GAVIN. 

David Gavin sailed from Greenock on the brig Paisley, Capt. Johnston, 
landing in New York, October 6, 1801. He became a member of the Society 
on Saint Andrew's Day following. On November 7, he was associated with 
Robert Smart in the sale of dry goods at 27 Pine Street. In 1802, while at 
16 Beekman Slip, he advertised leaf tobacco and in October of that year he was 
located at 208 Water Street, and identified with interests at Cape Francois and 
Jamaica. No later references have been found. He probably went South. 
[Name appeared on Roll as Gaini.] 



644 THOMAS GIBSON. 

Thomas Gibson and Morgan Davis were engaged in the manufacture and 
sale of pianofortes and other musical instruments. In the Daily Advertiser of 
April 9, 1802, the members of the firm advertised that before coming to New 
York- they had several years' experience in the best manufactory in London and 



801 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 353 

hat they had been established in London for two years. This firm continued 
loing business up to 1822 at 61 and 63 Barclay Street and Gibson, on his own 
iccount, remained at the same stand until 1844 about which time he moved to 
he country. He died at Southeast, Putnam County, New York, in November, 
1858, at the patriarchal age of ninety-five years. 



S45 JOHN GRAY. 

Treasurer 1837-1843. 

John Gray opened a dry goods store in November, 1798, at 146 Water 
street. For a long series of years he carried on this line moving from place 

place as business demanded until he finally located in Water Street, where 
le remained twenty-seven years. He was a director in the Bowery Fire Insurance 
Company and the Knickerbocker Fire Insurance Company. For about thirty 
/ears his home was at 30 Mott Street where he died, November 10, 1851, aged 
?4 years. He was buried in Greenwood and the records there state that he was 
KJrn in England. This is unlikely, his relatives being all Scottish, and his sister, 

1 resident of Glasgow. One of his nieces was Ann, widow of James Tod, 
mother, Jane, widow of Archibald McNab and a third, Elizabeth, wife of John 
VIcEwen. 



'A6 JOHN McADAM. 

In 1801, or earlier, Mr. McAdam was engaged in the wholesale dry goods 
lusiness at 16 Gold Street, as a branch of the house in Liverpool. He also 
leak extensively in cotton for the Liverpool market. In 1806 he moved to 6 
Did Slip. On January 1, 1807, he became associated with Patrick Falconer, 
ilso a member of the Society, the firm becoming John McAdam & Co. In 1809, 
ntending to return to Liverpool, he applied for honorary membership, as provided 
For in the Constitution of that day, and it is under this date that his name appeared 
Dn our Records. He has been placed under date of 1801 as being more nearly 
rorrecf. On October 3, 1810, there appeared in the Nck' York Gazette an an- 
nouncement that David Jackson, late of Augusta, member 1810, and Robert 
Falconer, of Charleston, probably a brother of Patrick, were taken into partner- 
ship and that thereafter the firm in New York would be Falconer, Jackson & Co., 
ind that in Charleston would be Robert Falconer & Co. In 1815, both McAdam 
ind Jackson gave up their American connections and confined their energies 
;o the business in Liverpool. Mrs. Green, of Lynnburn, Aberlour, stated in 
1812, in a letter to the author, that one or more of the McAdam family used to 
go north with Patrick Falconer when he visited his parents at Kinermony, Aber- 
lour, who had removed there from Pithash, Inveravon. Robertson in his Ayr- 
shire Families does not mention this family of McAdam. 



354 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1801 

647 PETER McKINLAY. 

Peter McKinlay was born in Scotland in the year 1763. He came to 
New York about 1785, and in 1793 married Ann Campbell, also a native of Scot- 
land. He engaged in the china, glass and earthenware business in the Fly 
Market. In 1798 he lost his wife and two children from yellow fever, and on 
May 27, 1802, married Mary Holroyd of Flushing, Long Island. In 1812 
he made an assignment of all real and personal property for the benefit of his 
creditors, and seems to have returned to Scotland. On June 11, 1815, he with 
his wife, three children and a servant, came back to New York in the ship 
Carolina Ann with a quantity of Staflfordshire ware which he immediately ad- 
vertised for sale at his store, 3 Fletcher Street, and appealed to his "former 
customers." He seems to have retired from business in the thirties and his 
place was taken by his son, Peter, (1803-1843). Mrs. McKinlay died of cholera, 
September 8, 1832, in the 50th year of her age. Mr. McKinlay died at the home 
of his son-in-law, George Sharp, 189 East Broadway, on February 25, 1839, 
at the age of seventy-six years. 



648 JOHN Mcpherson. 

John McPherson was a native of Glasgow who came to New York, August 
27, 1801, in the Chesapeake from London, and engaged in the grocery business 
in Greenwich Street. He married. May 18, 1802, Mary, widow of Henry McKay, 
"lately from England.'' In 1805 he went to Europe, probably in the pursuit of 
health, and returned to New York, March 19, 1806, in the ship Arcturus from 
Bordeaux. He died, December 15, following, and the Society was invited to his 
funeral from his residence, 30 Cedar Street. 



I 



649 DAVID RUSSELL. 

This member was engaged in business in New York for a few months 
only. His name does not appear in the City directory nor have any advertise- 
ments in the newspapers been noted. His career is summed up in the notice 
of his death, which states that he was a native of Scotland, a merchant of New 
York, who died at Guadaloupe, in the Leeward Islands, August 12, 1802, after a 
short illness, much and justly regretted. — The Press. 



650 JAMES SCOTT. 

James Scott appeared in our records as James Scott, junior, in order to 
differentiate between the two men of the same name who were members at 
the same time. This was a common practice in those days and has led such 



I 



1801 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 355 

men as Scovillc in his Old Merchants of Nnv York to the error of beHeving 
that the member of 1784 and that of 1801 were father and son. Nothing could 
be further from the truth. James Scott, who joined in 1801, was an accountant, 
whose name appeared in the City directory of that year for the first time. He 
remained m New York until 180+, and removed to Boston, Mass., where he 
died in October, 1805. On November, 1806, Walter Mitchell, also a member 
of the Society, advertised in the New York Gazette and General Adi'crtiscr that 
he was administrator of Scotl's estate in New York and that after January 1, 
1807, he would transmit to the heirs in Scotland, there being none in this coun- 
try, such property as he might then have in his possession. 



551 JOHN SHARP. 

The earliest reference to one of this name who could have been our member 
was in an advertisement, under date of December 31, 1795, in which Sharp 
stated that one James Walker had insulted him, that he had tried to obtain 
satisfaction and thereby end the dispute in an honourable manner, that Walker 
icch'ned to do this and tlierefore he proclaimed Walker a rascal and a coward. 
Mas ! poor Walker. He must have justified his name as it never again appeared. 
5harp became a member in 1799 of the firm of Robert & John Sharp, believed 
:o be brothers, and engaged in the dry goods business, first at 91 William Street 
ind in 1799, at 93 Maiden Lane. The firm continued in business at various 
locations until 1814, when Robert left the city for Havana never to return, 
rhereafter, John conducted the business alone until 1822, and at that time his 
iddress was 509 Greenwich Street, indicating retirement. In 1807 he became 
I member of the Dumfries and Galloway Society. In 1815 and 1820, he was 
issessed $10,000 for taxable purposes. He married Henrietta Golman on April 
14, 1811, and by her had six sons and one daughter. He died July 24, 1824, 
ifter a long and painful illness. His eldest son, Peter, died at Fulton, Oswego 
rounty, N. Y., September 17, 1848, in the 37th year of his age. 



552 ROBERT SHARP. 

Robert Sharp was born in New York, September 27, 1773, and was probably 
he son of one Robert Sharp, who was first noted as being in New York in the 
'ear 1768. As we have seen, Robert was in partnership in the dry goods 
business with John Sharp under the firm name of Robert and John Sharp. On 
February 13, 1813, he made his will "purposing to leave for Havana" and on 
fune 16, 1814, three days after his arrival in Savannah, he died there from 
ever contracted in Cuba and was buried in the Presbyterian Burying Ground 
here. He left a widow, Jane, and one son, Robert Duncan. — H. M. Mutton, 
Savannah; the Press. 



356 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1801 

653 WILLIAM SMITH, D. D. 

Chaplain 1814-1820. 

Dr. Smith was born in Aberdeen in the year 1754, and died in New York 
City, April 6, 1821. He was educated at one of the Scottish Universities, prob- 
ably Aberdeen. He .studied for the ministry, and was admitted to Holy Orders 
in the Church of England, about 1780. He came to this country in 1785 and 
was minister of Stepney Parish, Maryland, for two years, then became rector 
of St. Paul's Church, Narragansett, Rhode Island, for a year and a half, after 
which he accepted the rectorship of Trinity Church, Newport, in 1790. This 
post he held for seven years. He next became rector of St. Paul's, Norwalk, 
Conn., from 1797 to 1800, then removed to New York City, opened a grammar 
school and acquired a high reputation as a teacher. He was a man of superior 
ability and excellent scholarship and culture, possessing ready command of 
language, but he lacked good judgment and skill in managing youth and guiding 
affairs. He published several works connected with religious matters. 



654 MICHAEL TODD. 

Michael Todd was associated in business with William Hunter under the 
firm name of Todd & Hunter. Their place of business from 1801 to 1803 was at 
148 Water Street, where they dealt in dry goods. On May 22, 1802, the firm 
dissolved. In 1805, the name of his widow, Ann, appeared in the directory, but 
his death has not otherwise been noted. There is no will on record and no 
letters of administration were granted on his estate. 



655 WALTER WEIR. 

Walter Weir was a merchant in Paisley. His sons, Robert and Patrick, 
in 1799, began business here under the firm name of Robert Weir & Co., at 16 
Gold Street. He probably came out here on a visit to his son, Robert. In 1799, 
his son Patrick, a young man of 26 years, died and was buried in the Old 
Bushwick Church yard. 



1802 



656 CAPTAIN JOHN ANGUS. 

Captain Angus was a native of Scotland and in early life took to the sea. 
During the Revolution he commanded the privateer Mincrz'a, 18 guns, and the 
private armed brig Hihcrnia of Pennsylvania. Maclay in his American Privateers 
refers to two engagements ofif Teneriffe in which Captain Angus succeeded in 



?02 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 357 

eating off the enemy. At that time he was a resident of Philadelphia. He seem.s 
) have settled in Perth Amboy about the year 179.\ for in that year he occupied 
umber 253 Water Street, remaining there until 1815, when he sold the property 
) Jared Shattuck of New Haven, Conn. At that time Captain Angus owned 
roperty on Market and Water Streets on the south, running to High Street on 
le northwest, now one of the most valuable sections of that city. Of this tract 
aptain Angus gave a large block to the Perth Amboy Presbyterian Church, 
nd Whitehead, in his Book of East Jersey, says Captain Angus "excited suffi- 
lent interest in the object (of building the new meeting house) at home and in 
arious parts of the country to induce liberal subscriptions and donations, so 
lat in May, 1802, the foundation was laid ;" and "to the energy and perseverance 
f Captain Angus is the congregation mainly indebted for the neat edifice it yet 
:cupies." Of this church he was ruling elder in 1804. In 1806 he was a 
irector of the Perth Amboy Academy. Captain Angus died at Perth Amboy, 
\. J., January 10, 1817, leaving a widow and four children. His widow, Mar- 
aret, died July 1, 1827, aged 70 years.— Ward B. Snyder in the Perth Amboy 
vcning Neivs, Aug. 25, 1911, and communicated by Mrs. E. L. March of that 
\ty. 



57 ARTHUR AUCHINCLOSS. 

Arthur Auchincloss, eldest son of John and Jane (Lyle) Auchincloss, was 
orn in Paisley in the year 1778. In 1801 he started in the dry goods business 
t 13 Gold Street, this City. He married, March 15, 1803, Clarinda E. Thome, 
ho died on December 22nd, of the same year. At that time he dealt in Bordeaux 
laret and flour and in 1804 sold cochineal from New Orleans. In 1805 he is 
escribed as a shipper. In 1807 he fomiccl a copartnership, the firm being 
irthur Auchincloss & Co. This firm was probably made up of the Paisley house 
f John Auchincloss & Sons, himself and his brother, Hugh. On the 9th of 
uly, 1810, both the Paisley firm and the New York firm were dissolved by 
Ritual consent. The business was carried on by his brother Hugh, at 147 Pearl 
treet. On July 16, 1811, one Mr. Auchincloss sailed for Liverpool in the 
lip Pacific, and no doubt this was Arthur. It is a fair inference that he returned 
) carry on his father's business. His name does not appear thereafter and the 
miily in this country, when appealed to, could give no information regarding 



58 WILLIAM CAMPBELL. 

William Campbell was long engaged in the dry goods trade, his name being 
rst noted in 1777 as doing business in Hanover Square. In 1778 he moved 
) Queen Street, corner of the Fly Market. In 1783 he was senior partner 
f the firm of Campbell & Stewart. How long this connection lasted has not been 



358 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1802 

ascertained, but on September 18, 1805, he formed a copartnership with Robert 
Gillespie, member 1803, as Gillespie & Campbell, and as successors to Colin 
Gillespie & Co. Their place of business at that time was 4 Fletcher Street. This 
arrangement continued up to December 14, 1811, when the firm dissolved. In 
1809 he became a member of the Dumfries & Galloway Society, thus indicating 
the part of Scotland whence he came. Mr. Campbell's name does not appear 
in the directory after 1812 and no further reference to him has been noted until 
the notice of his death appeared. This took place, February 16, 1822, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. The Spectator refers to him as "universally respected and 
lamented." 



659 CAPTAIN DAVID CARGILL. 

David Cargill may have been the son of David Cargill who, in 1765, was a 
shop keeper on Commissary Leake's Dock on the North River, and in 1770 was 
engaged in business at the New Market. The early career of our member was 
spent at sea as master of trading vessels. On January 15, 1797, he married 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Shute of Eastchester, New York, and in 1799 retired 
from the sea and engaged in the grocery business at 5 Coenties Slip. In 1801 
he formed a temporary copartnersip, Cargill & Wells, and in the following 
yenr, another, Cargill & McCoun, and did business at the Albany Pier, while he 
had a separate stand at 32 Water Street. This latter he carried on until 1809, 
when he again took a partner, the firm becoming David Cargill & Co., at 21 
Coenties Slip. He had been for a number of years previously in partnership 
with T. B. Wiltse, under the preceding firm name, and probably this was his 
partner of 1809. This connection was severed by mutual consent on April 1, 
1819, and Cargill became associated with the firm of Ketchum and Ten Broeck 
under the firm name of Cargill, Ketchum & Ten Broeck. From 1812 to 1815 he 
made his home at 16 Beaver Street, and then removed to 26 Cortlandt Street. In 
1819 he became a director in the Fulton Fire Insurance Company, with which he 
was identified for a long period. In 1821 he retired from business and for 
many years lived at Bloomingdale, and died suddenly of heart disease, June 11, 
1840, aged 72 years. His will mentioned his wife, Mary, and four sons, Thomas 
S., Henry A., David and Edward. This latter died of yellow fever at New 
Orleans, October 30, 1842. The marriages of four daughters have been noted, 
but they are not mentioned in his will. 



660 DAVID CLARK. 

David Clark was a Gallowegian and probably came from Auchencairn, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. In 1799 he had saw-pits on the Greenwich Road and in 
1802 became a lumber merchant. In 1803 he became a member of the Dumfries 
and Galloway Society and in February of that year, married Mary, daughter 



802 SAINT ANDREWS SOCIETY 359 

Df Robert Buchan, also a lumber merchant. In 1807 his father-in-law took 
lim into partnership, the firm becoming Buchan & Clark, and this arrange- 
nent held for a few years. In 1820 he removed to 370 Washington Street, and 
n 1827 to 404 Hudson Street. On May 26, 1831, his wife, Mary Buchan, died. 
In 1833, he gave up business and became a wood inspector which seems to have 
3een a civic office. He then made his home at 178 Barrow Street. He was a 
r.ember of the original session of Dr. McLcod's church and a ruling elder as 
;arly as 1798 and at his death on December 30, 1835, he left one thousand 
lollars to the church. He had no cliildren, and left his property to the children 
Df his brother. Captain James Clark, who had predeceased him. 



'/)! JAMES CREIGHTON. 

James Creighton, son of James Creighton who died in 1776, was born in 
1752. In 1770 he graduated from Columbia with the degree of A. M. He 
•lutHed law and in 1782 was Secretary of the Police Department of Long Island, 
fust immediately before the Evacuation, in November, 1783, Creighton presented 
1 Memorial to Sir Guy Carleton in which he stated that he had "served his 
King in a military and civil capacity during the war; that he was going to 
Dominica and begged permission for himself and his wife and servant to go there." 
[n 1786, one Peter Creighton, mariner, died and Peter MacKie was appointed 
idministrator of his estate, while James Creighton was declared to be "next of 
vin," probably meaning nephew. Creighton returned to New York and in 1799 
Dpened a law office at 43 Stone Street and practiced his profession until his 
leath, January 13, 1822, in his 71st year. — Carleton Papers; the Press. 



562 WILLIAM GUMMING. 

William Gumming was engaged in the fancy goods business, such as toilet 
irticles, cutlery, artificial flowers, plated ware, jewelry, leather goods, &c. In 
1801 the firm of William Gumming & Co. was located at 74 Pine Street, and 
in 1804 had also another store at 131 William Street, which, after May first of 
that year, became their only place of business. He married Margaret, daughter 
Df Dr. Van Beuren of Hackensack, on February 25, 1804. She died, March 
15, 1809, in her 27th year, leaving a daughter, Margaret, who married John G. 
Newton, April 23, 1823. In 1806 Gumming, with one George Garvill, estab- 
lished in New York the firm of Gumming & Garvill, and in New Orleans that 
of Garvill & Gumming, and William Gumming took charge of the business in 
New Orleans until April 22, 1811, when Gumming announced from that city, 
the dissolution of both firms and that he would carry on the business in New 
Orleans for and on his own account thereafter. The New York firm became 



360 BIOGRAPHICAL REGISTER 1802 

George Carvill & Son. Ciimming may have been the junior partner of the New 
York firm of Halhday & Gumming, in the cotton business, which was formed in 
May of the same year, but this has not been authenticated. Mr. Gumming died 
in New Orleans, December 1, 1819. 



663 JOHN CUNNINGHAM. 

John Gunningham was a lumber merchant, whose yard and saw-pits were 
located on the Greenwich Road. For a few years he was associated with Peter 
Fenton and later witli Barant Decklyn, but in 1807 traded on his own account, 
and in July, 1808, became insolvent. In 1814 he seems to have given up business 
and was an Inspector of Lumber, a civic office. He died suddenly, March 2, 
1815, aged forty-seven years. 



664 JAMES DONALDSON. 

James Donaldson was senior partner of the firm of Donaldson & Main, 
commission merchants, wine dealers and grocers, and also styled ship-chandlers, 
which began business in 1801 at 28 Burling Slip and continued until April 13, 
1804, when the partnerhip was dissolved. The business was continued by James 
Main and Donaldson's name did not appear thereafter in the directory. There 
were several of the same name in New York at a later date, but none so far 
can be identified as our member. 



665 WILLIAM DOVE. 

William Dove was a cabinetmaker and upholsterer who, from 1798 to 1810, 
conducted business at 161 William Street "a few doors above the North Church." 
In his announcement to the public, he stated that he had been for several years 
"in the first shops in London." He seems to have returned to Scotland in 1811, 
and it must have been in that year that he became an Honorary member. He 
seems never to have married. He left, at his death in 1824, one thousand dollars 
to his nephew, William Scott, also a cabinet-maker, and twenty thousand dollars 
to Isabella Smith, daughter of Andrew Smith, the school teacher, who then lived 
in Greenwich village. Whether or not this indicated a romance it is impossible 
now to say. The lady married her cousin, James Smith. Dove also left a 
farm of 200 acres in Essex Co. to the lady's father. 



802 SAINT ANDREW'S SOCIETY 361 

66 HENRY ECKFORD. 

Henry Eckford was born in Irvine, Ayrshire, March 12, 1775, and died at 
Constantinople, November 12, 1832. His uncle, John Ulack, owned extensive 
liipyards in Quebec, and Henry came out to him when sixteen years of age and 
tudied naval architecture while working in his uncle's yards. He removed to 
slew York in 1796, found employment readily in the shipyards and soon estab- 
ished himself in the business of shipbuilding. From the master of his first ship 
le gained information enabling him to improve on the construction of the second, 
,nd so his successive ships became models and his shipyard took rank as the best 
n America. He constructed the sloop of war Madison, of 24 guns, in a rude 
hipyard on Lake Ontario in forty days after the trees were felled that furnished 
he timber for building the vessel. In 1820 he built the Robert Fulton, a steam- 
KDat which was afterward converted into a sloop of war, sold to Brazil, and be- 
anie the swiftest of the naval fleet of that nation. While employed in the Brook- 
yn navy yard he modeled and constructed six ships of the line, which became the 
flory of the American navy, and of which the Ohio was the most noted. He then 
eft the government service on account of a disagreement with the naval com- 
nissioners and was employed by both Brazil and the European powers in building 
laval vessels. At the request of President Jackson lie submitted a plan for re- 
irganizing the United States navy. Fie was planning the foundation of a pro- 
essorship of naval architecture in Columbia College with an endowment of 
>20,000 when his fortune was swept away. In 1826 he was indicted for con- 
ipiracy, but the jury failed to agree. As an outcom